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1.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 819-824, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013543

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To investigate the improvement effects of 3,5,6,7,8,3′,4′-heptamethoxyflavone (HMF) of Fructus Aurantii on rats with damp blockage of the middle energizer. METHODS The rats were randomly divided into normal group, model group, positive control group (Raceanisodamine tablet, 1 mg/kg), HMF low-dose, medium-dose and high-dose groups (0.3, 0.6, 0.9 mg/kg), with 7 rats in each group. Except for the normal group, the other groups were modeled by internal and external composite factors. After successful modeling, the rats in each group were given the corresponding drug or normal saline, once a day, for 14 days. The general behavioral states such as dietary intake, water intake and mental state of the rats were observed, and the fecal water content rate and saliva flow rate were measured. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was used to observe the pathological and morphology in gastric and small intestinal tissues of rats. The plasma content of aldosterone was detected, and the expression of aquaporins (AQP3) in the gastric tissue of rats was determined. RESULTS Compared with the normal group, the dietary intake and water intake of the model group rats were significantly decreased (P<0.01), the fecal water content rate, salivary flow rate, plasma content of aldosterone and the expression of AQP3 in gastric tissue were increased significantly (P<0.01). Gastric tissue injury invaded the mucosal muscle layer, resulting in mucosal muscle layer rupture; pathological and morphological changes such as small intestinal villous erosion and glandular structure destruction were observed in the small intestine. Compared with the model group, the dietary intake and water intake of rats were increased in HMF groups; fecal water content rate, salivary flow rate, plasma content of aldosterone, the expression of AQP3 in gastric tissue were decreased, most of the above differences were statistically significant (P<0.05 or P<0.01). The pathological and morphological changes in the gastric and small intestine tissues of rats had been improved to varying degrees. CONCLUSIONS HMF of Fructus Aurantii with dry property HMF could improve the symptoms of rats with damp blockage of middle energizer, the mechanism of which may be associated with reducing the content of plasma aldosterone and down-regulating the expression of gastric AQP3.

2.
Chinese Journal of Cancer Biotherapy ; (6): 62-74, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006213

ABSTRACT

@#[摘 要] 目的:探究肺腺癌中与免疫治疗相关氧化应激基因(IROSG)及其与肿瘤组织免疫浸润和患者预后的关系。方法:从TCGA数据库和GEO数据库下载肺腺癌患者IROSG表达数据及相关临床信息。对非小细胞肺癌免疫治疗队列进行差异基因表达分析以获取免疫治疗相关基因,然后与从GeneCards数据库筛选的氧化应激相关基因取交集得到IROSG。基于得到的IROSG对肺腺癌患者进行分型,对亚型的差异表达基因进行单因素COX、LASSO和多因素COX回归分析以构建预后模型。使用模型公式计算每个患者的风险评分,并将患者划分为高、低风险组。从多个层面验证模型的预测效能,并进行肿瘤微环境(TME)分析、免疫治疗反应预测和药物敏感性分析。结果:通过数据库分析获取82个IROSG,IROSG高表达的肺腺癌患者预后较好(P<0.05)。基于IROSG表达水平分型和风险评分构建的肺腺癌患者预后模型预测能力好,基于风险评分和病例特征等预后因子构建的列线图和校正曲线能较好地预测肺腺癌患者的总生存率。低风险组主要富集于同种异体移植物排斥和自身免疫性疾病等通路,而高风险组主要富集在细胞周期和DNA复制等通路上,且低风险组肺腺癌组织中免疫细胞浸润水平较高。高、低风险评分结合肿瘤突变负荷(TMB)、TME、肿瘤免疫功能障碍和排斥(TIDE)评分和免疫检查点分子表达水平能较好地预测肺腺癌患者预后、免疫治疗反应和对化疗药物的敏感性。结论:本研究构建了一个可以预测肺腺癌患者预后和免疫治疗反应的模型,可为肺腺癌患者个体化治疗提供了理论依据。

3.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 68: e230292, 2024. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1556932

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a complication of diabetes with a complex pathophysiology and multiple factors involved. Recently, it has been found that the upregulation of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) leads to overexpression of angiotensin II (Ang II), which induces oxidative stress, inflammation, and angiogenesis in the retina. Therefore, RAAS may be a promising therapeutic target in DR. Notably, RAAS inhibitors are often used in the treatment of hypertension. Still, the potential role and mechanism of DR must be further studied. In this review, we discuss and summarize the pathology and potential therapeutic goals of RAAS in DR.

4.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 262-269, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986847

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinicopathological characteristics of anorectal mucosal melanoma (ARMM), and to evaluate the prognostic factors.@*METHODS@#A total of 68 primary ARMM surgical specimens from 2010 to 2018 were retrospectively studied. Slides were reviewed to evaluate pathological features. Slingluff staging method was used for staging.@*RESULTS@#(1) Clinical features: The median age at diagnosis in this group was 61.5 years, with a male-to-female ratio 1 ∶1.62. The most common complaint was blooding (49 cases). For anatomic site, anorectum was the prevalent (66.2%), followed by rectum (20.6%). At the time of diagnosis, 28 cases were stage Ⅰ (localized stage, 41.2%), 25 cases were stage Ⅱ (regional lymph node metastasis, 36.8%), and 15 cases were stage Ⅲ (distant metastasis, 22.1%). Five patients underwent wide local excision, the rest abdominoperineal resection, and 48 patients received adjuvant therapy after surgery. (2) Pathological features: Grossly 88.2% of the tumors were exophytic polypoid masses, with the median tumor size 3.5 cm and the median tumor thickness 1.25 cm. Depth of invasion below lamina muscularis mucosae ranged from 0-5.00 cm (median 1.00 cm). The deepest site of tumor invasion reached muscular layer in 27 cases, and perirectal tissue in 16 cases. Melanin pigmentation was absent or not obvious in 67.6% of the cases. The predominant cytology was epithelioid (45 cases, 66.2%). The rate for ulceration, necrosis, lymphovascular invasion, and perineural invasion was 89.7%, 35.3%, 55.9%, and 30.9%, respectively. The median mitotic count was 18/mm2. The positive rate of S100, HMB-45 and Melan-A were 92.0%, 92.6% and 98.0%, respectively. The median of Ki-67 was 50%. The incidences of mutations within CKIT, BRAF and NRAS genes were 17.0% (9 cases), 3.8% (2 cases) and 9.4% (5 cases), respectively. (3) Prognosis: Survival data were available in 66 patients, with a median follow-up of 17 months and a median survival time of 17.4 months. The 1-year, 2-year and 5-year overall survival rate was 76.8%, 36.8% and 17.2%, respectively. The rate of lymphatic metastasis at diagnosis was 56.3%. Forty-nine patients (84.5%) suffered from distant metastasis, and the most frequent metastatic site was liver. Univariate analysis revealed that tumor size (>3.5 cm), depth of invasion below lamina muscularis mucosae (>1.0 cm), necrosis, lymphovascular invasion, BRAF gene mutation, lack of adjuvant therapy after surgery, deep site of tumor invasion, and high stage at diagnosis were all poor prognostic factors for overall survival. Multivariate model showed that lymphovascular invasion and BRAF gene mutation were independent risk factors for lower overall survival, and high stage at diagnosis showed borderline negative correlation with overall survival.@*CONCLUSION@#The overall prognosis of ARMM is poor, and lymphovascular invasion and BRAF gene mutation are independent factors of poor prognosis. Slingluff staging suggests prognosis effectively, and detailed assessment of pathological features, clear staging and genetic testing should be carried out when possible. Depth of invasion below lamina muscularis mucosae of the tumor might be a better prognostic indicator than tumor thickness.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Staging , Retrospective Studies , Proto-Oncogene Proteins B-raf , Prognosis , Melanoma/surgery
5.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 463-466, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986052

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the occupational protective effect of different protective devices on the operators during manual cleaning and oiling of dental handpieces, and to provide a basis for the selection of appropriate protective methods. Methods: From November 2020 to December 2021, 20 high-speed dental handpieces of the same brand were selected and randomly divided into disposable protective bag group and small aerosol safety cabinet group by drawing lots, with 10 in each group. After recording the model, they were distributed to the clinical fixed consulting room for use, and were collected by specially-assigned personnel every day for manual cleaning under the protection of the two devices. By measuring the number of airborne colonies, the concentrations of particulate matter and the satisfaction of operators, the occupational protection effect of the two protective devices on operators was evaluated. Results: Under the protection of the two devices, the average number of airborne colonies after operation was less than 1 CFU/ml. When no protective device was used, the number concentration of particulate matter produced during operation was (21595.70±8164.26) pieces/cm(3). The number concentrations of particles produced by disposable protective bag group [ (6800.24±515.05) pieces/cm(3)] and small aerosol safety cabinet group [ (5797.15±790.50) pieces/cm(3)] were significantly lower than those without any protective device (P<0.001). The number concentration of particle matter of small aerosol safety cabinet group was significantly lower than that of disposable protective bag group (P<0.001). In the satisfaction evaluation of operators, small aerosol safety cabinet group [ (3.53±0.82) points] was significantly better than disposable protective bag group [ (2.23±1.10) points] (P<0.001) . Conclusion: The use of small aerosol safety cabinet during manual cleaning and oiling of dental handpieces has good protective effect, superior safety performance and strong clinical applicability, and has advantages in occupational protection of clinical operators.


Subject(s)
Aerosols , Particulate Matter , Protective Devices
6.
Chinese Journal of Biologicals ; (12): 183-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-974731

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To identify the genotypes and analyze the molecular characteristics of varicella-zoster virus(VZV)endemic strains in Changchun from 2021 to 2022.Methods A total of 59 patients with varicella or herpes zoster treated in China Japan Union Hospital of Jilin University in Changchun from 2021 to 2022 were selected as the research objects,which were identified for the serum VZV-specific antibodies by fluorescent antibody to membrane antigen(FAMA)method.The viral DNA was extracted from herpetic fluid of the confirmed patients,and multiple open reading frames(ORFs)including ORF1,ORF12,ORF16,ORF17,ORF21,ORF22,ORF37,and ORF54 of VZV were amplified by PCR,which was genotyped according to the single nucleotide polymorphisms(SNPs) of the ORFs.Furthermore,multiple ORFs,ORF38,ORF54 and ORF62 were identified by using restriction fragment length polymorphism(RFLP)to distinguish clinical strains and vaccine strains.Results 59 serum samples were positive,indicating that all the patients were infected with VZV.Among the 59 clinical samples,4 samples were completely matched with Clade 2 genotype,4 samples showed 2 SNPs,including ORF1(SNP790)mutation of C→A and ORF12(SNP18 082)mutation of T→C,and 51 samples showed ORF12(SNP18 082)mutation of T→C.All 59 VZV clinical isolates were PstⅠ+BglⅠ+BglⅠ+SmaⅠ+SmaⅠ-,which was different from the vaccine strain PstⅠ-,which was different from the vaccine strain PstⅠ-BglⅠ-BglⅠ+SmaⅠ+SmaⅠ+.Conclusion All the VZV endemic strains in Changchun from 2021 to 2022 were Clade 2 genotype,and no vaccine strain was found to be pathogenic.

7.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 356-365, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970472

ABSTRACT

This research established a high-performance liquid chromatography(HPLC) method for simultaneous determination of isoorientin, orientin, vitexin, and isovitexin in Commelina communis to conduct content difference analysis and quality evaluation of 62 batches of C. communis from different origins. The HPLC content determination was performed on a Dikma Platisil ODS chromatographic column(4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 μm), with acetonitrile-0.1% formic acid(14∶86) as the mobile phase. The detection wavelength was set at 348 nm, the flow rate was 1.0 mL·min~(-1), and the column temperature was 35 ℃. The differences in origins and quality of 62 batches of C. communis were studied by chemometrics. The results showed that the determination of four components mani-fested a good linear relationship in the range of mass concentration(r>0.999 9), and the average recovery rate was 96.17%-103.0%. The relative standard deviations(RSDs) of precision, stability, and repeatability were all less than 2.0%. The content of four components from high to low was isoorientin>isovitexin>orientin>vitexin. Forty-seven batches of C. communis with clear origins were classified into six categories by chemometrics. C. communis from different origins had different qualities. Generally, C. communis from Western China, Central China, and South of China had superior qualities. The HPLC method established in this study is specific, simple, and efficient, which provides references for the comprehensive evaluation of the quality of C. communis. The chemometrics shows that the qualities of C. communis from different origins are largely different. Isoorientin can be used as an index to determine the content of C. communis, and its content limit should be set no less than 0.023%.


Subject(s)
Commelina , Chemometrics , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , China , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods
8.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 130-134, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971114

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the diagnostic value of the expression levels of cytokines interleukin-6(IL-6), interleukin-10 (IL-10) and chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand-13 (CXCL-13) in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) for central nervous system infiltration of lymphoma.@*METHODS@#Forty patients diagnosed as lymphoma or acute lymphoblastic leukemia in General Hospital of Northern Theater Command from July 2020 to July 2021 were collected and recorded their CSF indexes, including pressure, protein, Pandy test, nucleated cell count, glucose and chlorine content in CSF. The levels of cytokines IL-6, IL-10 and CXCL-13 were detected by Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.@*RESULTS@#The patients were divided into CNSI (central nervous system infiltration) group and non-CNSI group, the average levels of IL-6, IL-10, CXCL-13 and IL-10/IL-6 ratio in CNSI group were higher than those in non-CNS group, but the difference of IL-10/IL-6 ratio between the two groups was statistically significant (P<0.05). Then the patients were divided into protein elevated(n=14) group and protein normal group(n=26), the levels of IL-6 [ (5.78±2.69) pg/ ml] and CXCL-13 [(0.83±0.59) pg/ml] in protein elevated group were significantly higher than those in the protein normal group [IL-6: (2.41±1.16) pg/ml; CXCL-13: (0.38±0.18) pg/ml] (P<0.05). Further analysis of the expression levels of the cytokines in non-CNSI group (n=32), IL-6, IL-10, CXCL-13 level and IL-10/IL-6 ratio in the protein elevated group (n=12) were higher than those in the protein normal group (n=20), but the difference was not statistically significant.@*CONCLUSION@#The levels of IL-6, IL-10 and CXCL-13 in CSF of lymphoma patients with CNS infiltration were higher than those in non-CNS infiltration group, and those in patients with protein elevated group are higher than those in the protein normal group.


Subject(s)
Humans , Central Nervous System , Cytokines , Interleukin-10 , Interleukin-6 , Lymphoma
9.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3074-3085, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981438

ABSTRACT

The tissue distribution of Qingfei Paidu Decoction was studied by HPLC-MS/MS in vivo. Hypersil GOLD C_(18) column(2.1 mm×50 mm, 1.9 μm) was used for gradient elution with acetonitrile as the mobile phase A and 0.1% formic acid solution as the mobile phase B. High-resolution liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry in both positive and negative ion scanning mode and multiple response monitoring(MRM) mode was employed to analyze the behaviors of the active components of Qingfei Paidu Decoction in diffe-rent tissues. The results showed that 19, 9, 17, 14, 22, 19, 24, and 2 compounds were detected in plasma, heart, liver, spleen, lung, kidney, large intestine, and brain, respectively. The compounds belonged to 8 groups, covering 14 herbs in the prescription. After administration with Qingfei Paidu Decoction, the compounds were rapidly distributed in various tissues, especially in the lung, liver, large intestine, and kidney. The majority of the compounds displayed secondary distribution. This study comprehensively analyzed the distribution rules of the main active components in Qingfei Paidu Decoction and provided a basis for the clinical application.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Tissue Distribution , Drugs, Chinese Herbal
10.
China Tropical Medicine ; (12): 479-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-979738

ABSTRACT

@#Abstract: Objective To understand the situation of drug-resistant tuberculosis screening and epidemiological characteristics of multi-drug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) and pre-extensively drug resistant tuberculosis (pre-XDR-TB) in Changsha, in order to provide a scientific basis for improving the quality of drug-resistant tuberculosis prevention and control in the city. Methods Demographic information and drug susceptibility date of etiologically positive pulmonary tuberculosis patients in Changsha from 2018 to 2021 were collected, the successful rate of resistance screening, incidence and tendency in MDR-TB and pre-XDR-TB in patients included in this study were statistically analyzed accordingly.   Results From 2018 to 2021, the successful screening rates were 86.2%, 87.7%, 81.9% and 71.5% for MDR-TB and 82.2%, 84.8%, 76.9% and 68.2% for pre-XDR-TB, respectively. In each year, MDR-TB patients identified accounted for 7.6% (101/1 222), 6.5%(124/1 774), 6.6%(110/1 555) and 6.3%(99/1 478), and pre-XDR-TB patients identified accounted for 3.6%(46/1 219), 3.8%(69/1 766), 4.4%(69/1 495) and 4.6%(69/1 436), correspondingly. The incidence of MDR-TB showed a slowly downward trend, while the incidence of pre-MDR-TB showed a slowly upward trend, with neither decreasing nor increasing trends being statistically significant ((χ2=1.947,0.806,P>0.050). The incidence of MDR-TB in the retreatment failure population was 66.6% (2/3), and the others, failure initial treatment and recrudescence populations were 23.5% (19/81), 16.7% (2/12) and 15.2% (70/461), respectively. Similar to the incidence above, the incidence of pre-XDR-TB was 16.7% (2/12) among patients who failed in initial treatment, and 12.2% (9/74), 9.8% (43/439), and 4.5% (2/44) among the others, recrudescence and returned patients, respectively. The incidence rates of MDR-TB and pre-XDR-TB in different populations were significantly different (χ2=117.600,59.030,P<0.05). Conclusions There are still areas for improvement in tuberculosis drug resistance surveillance system in Changsha. On the premise of paying attention to patients in retreatment failure, other, initial treatment failure and relapse patients, high sensitivity molecular drug susceptibility testing, and scientifically efficient screening strategies must be explored.

11.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 521-529, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986884

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinicopathological features, molecular changes and prognostic factors in angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AITL).@*METHODS@#Sixty-one cases AITL diagnosed by Department of Pathology of Peking University Cancer Hospital were collected with their clinical data. Morphologically, they were classified as typeⅠ[lymphoid tissue reactive hyperplasia (LRH) like]; typeⅡ[marginal zone lymphoma(MZL)like] and type Ⅲ [peripheral T-cell lymphoma, not specified (PTCL-NOS) like]. Immunohistochemical staining was used to evaluate the presence of follicular helper T-cell (TFH) phenotype, proliferation of extra germinal center (GC) follicular dendritic cells (FDCs), presence of Hodgkin and Reed-Sternberg (HRS)-like cells and large B transformation. The density of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) + cells was counted with slides stained by Epstein-Barr virus encoded RNA (EBER) in situ hybridization on high power field (HPF). T-cell receptor / immunoglobulin gene (TCR/IG) clonality and targeted exome sequencing (TES) test were performed when necessary. SPSS 22.0 software was used for statistical analysis.@*RESULTS@#Morphological subtype (%): 11.4% (7/61) cases were classified as type Ⅰ; 50.8% (31/61) as type Ⅱ; 37.8% (23/61) as type Ⅲ. 83.6% (51/61) cases showed classical TFH immunophenotype. With variable extra-GC FDC meshwork proliferation (median 20.0%); 23.0% (14/61) had HRS-like cells; 11.5% (7/61) with large B transformation. 42.6% (26/61) of cases with high counts of EBV. 57.9% (11/19) TCR+/IG-, 26.3% (5/19) TCR+/IG+, 10.5% (2/19) were TCR-/IG-, and 5.3% (1/19) TCR-/IG+. Mutation frequencies by TES were 66.7% (20/30) for RHOA, 23.3% (7/30) for IDH2 mutation, 80.0% (24/30) for TET2 mutation, and 33.3% (10/30) DNMT3A mutation. Integrated analysis divided into four groups: (1) IDH2 and RHOA co-mutation group (7 cases): 6 cases were type Ⅱ, 1 case was type Ⅲ; all with typical TFH phenotype; HRS-like cells and large B transformation were not found; (2) RHOA single mutation group (13 cases): 1 case was type Ⅰ, 6 cases were type Ⅱ, 6 cases were type Ⅲ; 5 cases without typical TFH phenotype; 6 cases had HRS-like cells, and 2 cases with large B transformation. Atypically, 1 case showed TCR-/IG-, 1 case with TCR-/IG+, and 1 case with TCR+/IG+; (3) TET2 and/or DNMT3A mutation alone group (7 cases): 3 cases were type Ⅱ, 4 cases were type Ⅲ, all cases were found with typical TFH phenotype; 2 cases had HRS-like cells, 2 cases with large B transformation, and atypically; (4) non-mutation group (3 cases), all were type Ⅱ, with typical TFH phenotype, with significant extra-GC FDC proliferation, without HRS-like cells and large B transformation. Atypically, 1 case was TCR-/IG-. Univariate analysis confirmed that higher density of EBV positive cell was independent adverse prognostic factors for both overall survival (OS) and progression free survival(PFS), (P=0.017 and P=0.046).@*CONCLUSION@#Pathological diagnoses of ALTL cases with HRS-like cells, large B transformation or type Ⅰ are difficult. Although TCR/IG gene rearrangement test is helpful but still with limitation. TES involving RHOA, IDH2, TET2, DNMT3A can robustly assist in the differential diagnosis of those difficult cases. Higher density of EBV positive cells counts in tumor tissue might be an indicator for poor survival.


Subject(s)
Humans , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections/genetics , Herpesvirus 4, Human/genetics , T-Lymphocytes, Helper-Inducer/pathology , Immunoblastic Lymphadenopathy/pathology , Lymphoma, T-Cell, Peripheral/pathology , Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell
12.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1733-1738, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010030

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the levels of soluble programmed cell death protein 1 (sPD-1) and soluble programmed cell death ligand 1 (sPD-L1) in peripheral blood of lymphoma patients, and reveal their clinical significances.@*METHODS@#The peripheral blood specimens and clinical data of 64 newly diagnosed lymphoma patients and 30 healthy volunteers were collected. The levels of sPD-1 and sPD-L1 were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and their correlations with clinical characteristics of the patients including pathological type, stage, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) level, T cell subsets were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The levels of both sPD-1 and sPD-L1 in peripheral blood of lymphoma patients were higher than those of normal controls (P <0.05). There were no significant differences in sPD-1 and sPD-L1 levels in peripheral blood between Hodgkin lymphoma and non-Hodgkin lymphoma patients. Different pathological subtypes of lymphoma had different levels of sPD-1. The level of sPD-1 in patients with T-cell lymphoma was higher than that in patients with B-cell lymphoma (P =0.001). The levels of both sPD-1 and sPD-L1 in patients with Ann Arbor stage III and IV were higher than those in patients with stage I and II (P <0.05). The level of sPD-L1 in patients with abnormally increased LDH was higher than that in patients with normal LDH (P =0.001), but there was no significant difference in sPD-1 level. T cell subset analysis showed that the level of sPD-L1 was negatively correlated to CD4+ T cell content (r =-0.265).@*CONCLUSION@#The levels of sPD-1 and sPD-L1 in peripheral blood of lymphoma patients are related to the pathological type, Ann Arbor stage, LDH content and T cell subsets, and will be potential biomarkers in predicting the prognosis of lymphoma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Clinical Relevance , Prognosis , T-Lymphocyte Subsets/metabolism , Lymphoma, T-Cell, Peripheral , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , B7-H1 Antigen/metabolism
13.
Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases ; (12): 290-294, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-961232

ABSTRACT

@#Burning mouth syndrome (BMS) is a chronic oral and facial pain disorder characterized by burning pain in the oral mucosa, with multiple pathogenic factors including psychosocial, neuropathological, endocrine, and immune factors. There is still a lack of effective treatment options that have been demonstrated to work. With the development of research on the pathogenesis and treatment of BMS, multidisciplinary comprehensive treatment has gradually been introduced and become a new trend of diagnosis and treatment. Before multidisciplinary treatment, it is necessary to go through a full and comprehensive diagnosis and analysis, select the best comprehensive treatment plan, take the diagnosis and treatment of stomatology as the basis and premise, and apply other multidisciplinary combined treatment, including the treatment of concurrent diseases, psychological interventions, correction of bad habits, etc. A combination of laser therapy and psychological intervention is a more effective treatment method among the current treatment methods, with high comfort and good acceptance by patients. If necessary, mecobalamin tablets, clonazepam α-lipoic acid and other drugs can be used to nourish nerves and provide symptomatic treatment. The comprehensive multidisciplinary treatment of BMS is expected to become a new trend and provide a new strategy for improving the therapeutic effect.

14.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 251-257, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970783

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the clinical effect of socket-shield technique for 5 years after immediate implantation and immediate restoration in aesthetic area. Methods: The retrospective study was conducted between July, 2013 and July, 2020. A total of 29 patients, with 34 implants, who received immediate implantation and immediate restoration with socket-shield technique in the esthetic zone in Department of Fourth Clinical Division, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology were included in this study. The implants survival rate, complications and the pink esthetic score (PES) were evaluated (60.2±26.7) months (13-101 months) after operation. The digital models before treatment and at the final follow-up were obtained, to measure the changes of soft tissue. The labial alveolar bone recession was measured by cone-beam CT. Results: All 34 implants survived during follow-up. The PES was (12.80±1.05), there was no significant difference in PES scores between dental positions (F=1.77, P=0.150). The gingival margin recession was (0.12±0.09) mm, and labial contour change at 2 mm apical to the gingival zenith was (0.45±0.17) mm. The labial alveolar bone recession was (0.14±0.46) mm. Conclusions: Immediate implant with socket-shield technique could maintain the gingival margin and labial alveolar bone, and preserve the soft tissue contour well to achieve good esthetic outcome.

15.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 120-123, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-959063

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the risk factors of mycoplasma pneumoniae (MP) infection and recurrent respiratory tract infection (RRTI) in children, and to provide reference for early clinical intervention. Methods A total of 648 RRTI children admitted to our hospital from October 2018 to December 2020 were selected. Serum MP antibody levels were detected by semi-quantitative method. According to whether the children were combined with mycoplasma infection, they were divided into experimental group (MP positive, n=283) and control group (MP negative, n=365). Age, gender, body mass index, nutrient deficiency, preterm birth, anemia, onset season, collective living, antibiotics application were collected from the two groups. Logistic regression was used to analyze the independent risk factors of MP infection in RRTI children. Results Among of 648 RRTI children, 283 (43.67%) had MP infection. There was no statistical significance in MP infection of pneumonia in children of different ages and genders between the two groups (P>0.05).There were statistically significant differences between the two groups in nutrient deficiency, onset season, length of hospital stay, days of fever, group living, application of antibiotics and invasive operation (P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that the onset season, length of hospital stay, group living were independent risk factors for MP infection in RRTI children (P<0.05). Conclusion The risk of MP infection in RRTI children is higher, and the main risk factors are onset season, length of hospital stay, group living and application of antibiotics.

16.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2153-2157, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936573

ABSTRACT

This study is to establish and validation in vivo models of moxifloxacin based on the theory of physiologically based pharmacokinetics (PBPK), and then to predict the distribution of moxifloxacin in human venous return and organ such as lung, spleen and so on. The efficacy of moxifloxacin and its pharmaceutical preparations were quantified by comparing the pharmacokinetic parameters with the minimum inhibitory concentration of related pathogenic bacterium. The results showed that the anti-infection efficacy of pharmaceutical moxifloxacin preparation in the corresponding organs was basically the same. The PBPK model of moxifloxacin preparations can be more accurately described the pharmacokinetic of anti-infective drugs in human, it is suitable for the efficacy evaluation of anti-infective drugs and provides a strong basis for the corresponding scientific research and scientific supervision.

17.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 187-192, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936133

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the operation complexity and accuracy of traditional splint impression technique and impression technique with prefabricated rigid connecting bar system for full-arch implants-supported fixed protheses in vitro.@*METHODS@#Standard mandibular edentulous model with six implant analogs was prepared. The implants were placed at the bone level and multiunit abutments screwed into the implants. Two impression techniques were performed: the traditional splint impression technique was used in the control group, and the rigid connecting bar system was used in the test group. In the control group, impression copings were screwed into the multiunit abutments and connected with autopolymerizing acrylic resin. Open tray impression was fabricated with custom tray and polyether. In the test group, cylinders were screwed into the multiunit abutments. Prefabricated rigid bars with suitable length were selected and connected to the cylinders with small amount of autopolymerizing acrylic resin, and open tray impression was obtained. Impression procedures were repeated 6 times in each group. The working time of the two impression methods were recorded and compared. Analogs were screws into the impressions and gypsum casts were poured. The gypsum casts and the standard model were transferred to stereolithography (STL) files with model scanner. Comparative analysis of the STL files of the gypsum casts and the standard model was carried out and the root mean square (RMS) error value of the gypsum casts of the control and test groups compared with the standard model was recorded. The trueness of the two impression techniques was compared.@*RESULTS@#The work time in the test group was significantly lower than that in the control group and the difference was statistically significant [(984.5±63.3) s vs. (1 478.3±156.2) s, P < 0.05]. Compared with the standard model, the RMS error value of the implant abutments in the test group was (16.9±5.5) μm. The RMS value in the control group was (20.2±8.0) μm. The difference between the two groups was not significant (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The prefabricated rigid connecting bar can save the chair-side work time in implants immediate loading of edentulous jaw and simplify the impression process. The impression accuracy is not significantly different from the traditional impression technology. The impression technique with prefabricated rigid connecting bar system is worthy of clinical application.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acrylic Resins , Calcium Sulfate , Dental Implants , Dental Impression Materials , Dental Impression Technique , Jaw, Edentulous , Models, Dental , Mouth, Edentulous
18.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 126-133, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936123

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To propose a set of two-dimensional clinical classification of fractured implants based on the follow-up of fracturing pattern of implant body and peri-implant bone defect morphology of 32 fractrued implants, and summarize the treatment decisions of fractured implants according to this new set of classification, so as to provide guidance for clinical practice.@*METHODS@#During 25 years of clinical practice, clinical records of 27 patients of 32 fractured implants in 5 481 patients with 10 642 implants were made. The fracturing pattern of implant body, implant design, peri-implant bone defect morphology and treatment options were analyzed. A set of two-dimensional clinical classification based on the morphology and bone absorption of implant fracture was proposed. The treatment decision-making scheme based on the new classification of implant fracture was discussed.@*RESULTS@#In the new classification system, vertical fracture of implant neck (Type 1 of implant fracture morphology, F1) and horizontal fracture of implant neck (Type 2 of implant fracture morphology, F2) were common, accounting for 50% and 40.6% respectively, while deep horizontal fracture of implant body (Type 3 of implant fracture morphology, F3) (9.4%) were rare, while the three types of bone defects (D1, no bone defect or narrow infrabony defects; D2, wide 4-wall bone defects or cup-like defects, D3, wide 3-wall or 2-wall defects) around implants were evenly distributed. In the two-dimensional classification system of implant fracture, F1D1 (31.3%) and F2D2 (25%) were the most frequent. There was a significant positive correlation between F1 and D1 (r=0.592, P < 0.001), a significant positive correlation between F2 and D2 (r=0.352, P=0.048), and a significant negative correlation between F1 and D2 (r=-0.465, P=0.007). The most common treatment for implant fracture was implant removal + guided bone regeneration(GBR) + delayed implant (65.6%), followed by implant removal + simultaneous implant (18.8%). F1D1 type was significantly related to the treatment strategy of implant removal + simultaneous implantation (r=0.367, P=0.039). On this basis, the decision tree of implant fracture treatment was summarized.@*CONCLUSION@#The new two-dimensional classification of implant fracture is suitable for clinical application, and can provide guidance and reference for clinical treatment of implant fracture.


Subject(s)
Humans , Alveolar Bone Loss , Bone Regeneration , Dental Implantation, Endosseous , Dental Implants , Guided Tissue Regeneration, Periodontal , Prostheses and Implants
19.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 30-36, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940383

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveBy observing the effect of Xiaoluowan on phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (Akt)/mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) pathway in experimental goiter rats, this study aims to explore its therapeutic effect on experimental goiter rats. MethodSixty 5-month-old SD rats of SPF grade were purchased, half males and half females, of which 10 were used as a normal group, and the remaining rats were administrated with propylthiouracil (PTU) solution to induce nodular goiter. After successful modeling, rats were randomly divided into a model group, levothyroxine sodium tablets group, Xiaoluowan low-dose group, medium-dose group, and high-dose group, ten rats each. The levothyroxine sodium tablets group was given 15 μg·kg-1 levothyroxine sodium tablets by gavage. The Xiaoluowan low-, medium-, and high-dose groups were given (ig) Xiaoluowan low-dose (10 g·kg-1), medium-dose (20 g·kg-1), and high-dose (30 g·kg-1) Xiaoluowan, and the normal group and model group were administered (ig) with the same volume of 0.9% sodium chloride solution. Four weeks after the intervention, rats were sacrificed by routine intraperitoneal anesthesia using 5% phenobarbital. Subsequently, the histopathology was observed under a microscope, and serum thyroid hormone levels were measured using a Roche electrochemiluminescence immunoassay analyzer. Serum cytokines were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and neurotransmitters were measured using a high-performance liquid chromatograph. The protein level of PI3K/Akt/mTORC1 pathway was determined by Western blot. ResultAs compared with the normal group, the levels of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), insulin-like growth factor (IGF-1), 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), and thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) were increased, and PI3K, Akt, and mTORC1 protein levels were up-regulated in the model group, while the levels of norepinephrine (NE), triiodothyronine (T3), tetraiodothyronine (T4), free triiodothyronine (FT3), and free thyroid hormone (FT4) were decreased (P<0.05). Compared with the model group, the levothyroxine sodium tablets group, and Xiaoluowan low-, medium-, and high-dose groups exhibited reduced levels of bFGF, VEGF, IGF-1, 5-HT, and TSH, and down-regulated PI3K, Akt, and mTORC1 protein levels, and increased NE, T3, T4, FT3, and FT4 levels (P<0.05). ConclusionXiaoluowan may act on the PI3K/Akt/mTORC1 signaling pathway to play its role in the treatment of nodular goiter, and it is dose-dependent.

20.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1286-1292, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928054

ABSTRACT

This study discovered that the resolution of 3,5-O-dicaffeoylquinic acid(isochlorogenic acid A) in the content determination method of Chrysanthemi Flos in Chinese Pharmacopoeia(ChP)(2020 edition) was poor, which affected accurate quantification. We tested the method in ChP with chromatographic columns of seven brands to clarify the problems in the existing method, optimized the chromatographic conditions by adjusting the mobile phase composition and elution ratio and replacing the chromatographic column packing, and carried out the reproducibility assay for the new method. The two methods were compared for the content determination results of Chrysanthemi Flos prepared from six different varieties. As evaluated by the resolution based on different chromatographic columns of seven brands, the existing method failed to separate isochlorogenic acid A and isochlorogenic acid D well. The peaks of the two components were not completely separated on three chromatographic columns, and isochlorogenic acid A and isochlorogenic acid D generated a co-effluent peak in the other four columns. Isochlorogenic acid A and isochlorogenic acid D could be completely separated under the optimized chromatographic conditions. The difference in the peak areas of isochlorogenic acid A+isochlorogenic acid D obtained by the optimized method and the method in ChP was not significant, with deviation less than 3.0%, which further proved that the result measured by the method in ChP was the co-effluent of isochlorogenic acid A and isochlorogenic acid D. The optimized method can ensure the accurate quantification of isochlorogenic acid A. The existing content determination method of Chrysanthemi Flos has the problem of poor resolution. It is recommended to revise the chromatographic conditions for the content determination method of Chrysanthemi Flos to improve the resolution of isochlorogenic acid A and ensure its accurate quantification.


Subject(s)
China , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , Flowers/chemistry , Reproducibility of Results
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