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1.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 243-250, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010328

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of Danmu Extract Syrup (DMS) on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute lung injury (ALI) in mice and explore the mechanism.@*METHODS@#Seventy-two male Balb/C mice were randomly divided into 6 groups according to a random number table (n=12), including control (normal saline), LPS (5 mg/kg), LPS+DMS 2.5 mL/kg, LPS+DMS 5 mL/kg, LPS+DMS 10 mL/kg, and LPS+Dexamethasone (DXM, 5 mg/kg) groups. After pretreatment with DMS and DXM, the ALI mice model was induced by LPS, and the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) were collected to determine protein concentration, cell counts and inflammatory cytokines. The lung tissues of mice were stained with hematoxylin-eosin, and the wet/dry weight ratio (W/D) of lung tissue was calculated. The levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-1 β in BALF of mice were detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. The expression levels of Claudin-5, vascular endothelial (VE)-cadherin, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), phospho-protein kinase B (p-Akt) and Akt were detected by Western blot analysis.@*RESULTS@#DMS pre-treatment significantly ameliorated lung histopathological changes. Compared with the LPS group, the W/D ratio and protein contents in BALF were obviously reduced after DMS pretreatment (P<0.05 or P<0.01). The number of cells in BALF and myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity decreased significantly after DMS pretreatment (P<0.05 or P<0.01). DMS pre-treatment decreased the levels of TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1 β (P<0.01). Meanwhile, DMS activated the phosphoinositide 3-kinase/protein kinase B (PI3K/Akt) pathway and reversed the expressions of Claudin-5, VE-cadherin and VEGF (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#DMS attenuated LPS-induced ALI in mice through repairing endothelial barrier. It might be a potential therapeutic drug for LPS-induced lung injury.


Subject(s)
Mice , Male , Animals , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Lipopolysaccharides , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , Interleukin-1beta/metabolism , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , Claudin-5/metabolism , Acute Lung Injury/chemically induced , Lung/pathology , Interleukin-6/metabolism , Drugs, Chinese Herbal
2.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 39(2): e20230076, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1535547

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: The purpose of present study was to comprehensively explore the efficacy and safety of prothrombin complex concentrate (PCC) to treat massive bleeding in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Methods: PubMed®, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases were searched for studies investigating PCC administration during cardiac surgery published before September 10, 2022. Mean difference (MD) with 95% confidence interval (CI) was applied to analyze continuous data, and dichotomous data were analyzed as risk ratio (RR) with 95% CI. Results: Twelve studies were included in the meta-analysis. Compared with other non-PCC treatment regimens, PCC was not associated with elevated mortality (RR=1.18, 95% CI=0.86-1.60, P=0.30, I2=0%), shorter hospital stay (MD=-2.17 days; 95% CI=-5.62-1.28, P=0.22, I2=91%), reduced total thoracic drainage (MD=-67.94 ml, 95% CI=-239.52-103.65, P=0.44, I2=91%), thromboembolic events (RR=1.10, 95% CI=0.74-1.65, P=0.63, I2=39%), increase in atrial fibrillation events (RR=0.73, 95% CI=0.52-1.05, P=0.24, I2=29%), and myocardial infarction (RR=1.10, 95% CI=0.80-1.51, P=0.57, I2=81%). However, PCC use was associated with reduced intensive care unit length of stay (MD=-0.81 days, 95% CI=-1.48- -0.13, P=0.02, I2=0%), bleeding (MD=-248.67 ml, 95% CI=-465.36- -31.97, P=0.02, I2=84%), and intra-aortic balloon pump/extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (RR=0.65, 95% CI=0.42-0.996, P=0.05, I2=0%) when compared with non-PCC treatment regimens. Conclusion: The use of PCC in cardiac surgery did not correlate with mortality, length of hospital stay, thoracic drainage, atrial fibrillation, myocardial infarction, and thromboembolic events. However, PCC significantly improved postoperative intensive care unit length of stay, bleeding, and intra-aortic balloon pump/ extracorporeal membrane oxygenation outcomes in patients undergoing cardiac surgery.

3.
Chinese Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology ; (12): 821-830, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015611

ABSTRACT

The most common type of intracranial malignancy is glioma. Although the current treatments are surgery, radiation and chemotherapy, the prognosis for patients with glioma is not promising. Therefore, it becomes critical to find an effective management. The literature shows that microRNA (miRNA) plays an important role in tumorigenesis and progression. Based on this, this study aimed to investigate the molecular mechanism of miR-525-5p in regulating the migration, invasion and proliferation of glioma cells. The TCGA database was used to identify perilipin 3 (PLIN3) differentially expressed in normal tissues and glioma tissues, and the CGGA and GEPIA databases were used to query that high expression of PLIN3 was associated with poor prognosis in glioma patients and Western blot experiments revealed that PLIN3 was highly expressed in glioma cells (P<0. 05) . The results of wound healing assay and Transwell invasion assay showed that knockdown or overexpression of PLIN3 respectively inhibited or promoted the migration and invasion of glioma cells (P < 0. 05) . Dual luciferase assays confirmed that PLIN3 could bind to miR-525-5p target. Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) showed that miR-525-5p expression was lower in LN229 and U251 glioma cells than in human astrocyte (HA) (P < 0. 05) . Transwell assay and 5-ethynyl-2-deoxyuridine (EdU) cell proliferation assay verified that down- or up-regulation of miR-525-5p could reverse the effects of overexpression or knockdown of PLIN3 on LN229 glioma cells (P<0. 05) . Taken together, miR-525-5p was able to regulate the migration, invasion and proliferation of glioma cells by targeting PLIN3.

4.
Journal of China Pharmaceutical University ; (6): 536-543, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003573

ABSTRACT

@#Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has become a major public health hazard threatening human health worldwide.Yet, due to its complex pathogenesis, new drug development is difficult, with still insufficient clinical medication.Palmitoylation is a universal posttranslational modification of proteins catalyzed by palmitoyltransferase, affecting their stability, membrane localization and function.Recent studies have shown that palmitoylation is closely associated with NAFLD.This review summarizes the mechanisms of palmitoylation in NAFLD and analyzes the expression levels of the palmitoyltransferase family in liver tissues of NAFLD patients from GEO database, aiming to provide important clues to explore new mechanisms for NAFLD.

5.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2939-2953, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981242

ABSTRACT

The genomic DNA of Rubus rosaefolius was extracted and sequenced by Illumina NovaSeq platform to obtain the complete chloroplast genome sequence, and the sequence characteristics and phylogenetic analysis of chloroplast genes were carried out. The results showed that the complete chloroplast genome of the R. rosaefolius was 155 650 bp in length and had a typical tetrad structure, including two reverse repeats (25 748 bp each), a large copy region (85 443 bp) and a small copy region (18 711 bp). A total of 131 genes were identified in the whole genome of R. rosaefolius chloroplast, including 86 protein coding genes, 37 tRNA genes and 8 rRNA genes. The GC content of the whole genome was 36.9%. The genome of R. rosaefolius chloroplast contains 47 scattered repeats and 72 simple sequence repeating (SSR) loci. The codon preference is leucine codon, and the codon at the end of A/U is preferred. Phylogenetic analysis showed that R. rosaefolius had the closest relationship with R. taiwanicola, followed by R. rubraangustifolius and R. glandulosopunctatus. The chloroplast genome characteristics and phylogenetic analysis of R. rosaefolius provide a theoretical basis for its genetic diversity research and chloroplast development and utilization.


Subject(s)
Phylogeny , Rubus/genetics , Genome, Chloroplast , Fruit/genetics , Codon/genetics
6.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2914-2925, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981240

ABSTRACT

Pellionia scabra belongs to the genus Pellionia in the family of Urticaceae, and is a high-quality wild vegetables with high nutritional value. In this study, high-throughput techniques were used to sequence, assemble and annotate the chloroplast genome. We also analyzed its structure, and construct the phylogenetic trees from the P. scabra to further study the chloroplast genome characteristics. The results showed that the chloroplast genome size was 153 220 bp, and the GC content was 36.4%, which belonged to the typical tetrad structure in P. scabra. The chloroplast genome encodes 130 genes, including 85 protein-coding genes, 37 tRNA genes, and 8 rRNA genes in P. scabra. Among them, 15 genes contained 1 intron, 2 genes contained 2 introns, and rps12 had trans-splicing, respectively. In P. scabra, chloroplast genomes could be divided into four categories, including 43 photosynthesis, 64 self-replication, other 7 coding proteins, and 4 unknown functions. A total of 51 073 codons were detected in the chloroplast genome, among which the codon encoding leucine (Leu) accounted for the largest proportion, and the codon preferred to use A and U bases. There were 72 simple sequence repeats (SSRs) in the chloroplast genome of P. scabra, containing 58 single nucleotides, 12 dinucleotides, 1 trinucleotide, and 1 tetranucleotide. The ycf1 gene expansion was present at the IRb/SSC boundary. The phylogenetic trees showed that P. scabra (OL800583) was most closely related to Elatostema stewardii (MZ292972), Elatostema dissectum (MK227819) and Elatostema laevissimum var. laevissimum (MN189961). Taken together, our results provide worthwhile information for understanding the identification, genetic evolution, and genomics research of P. scabra species.


Subject(s)
Phylogeny , Genome, Chloroplast/genetics , Genomics , Chloroplasts/genetics , Codon , Urticaceae/genetics
7.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 517-526, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981082

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Current clinical evidence on the effects of home blood pressure telemonitoring (HBPT) on improving blood pressure control comes entirely from developed countries. Thus, we performed this randomized controlled trial to evaluate whether HBPT plus support (patient education and clinician remote hypertension management) improves blood pressure control more than usual care (UC) in the Chinese population.@*METHODS@#This single-center, randomized controlled study was conducted in Beijing, China. Patients aged 30-75 years were eligible for enrolment if they had blood pressure [systolic (SBP) ≥ 140 mmHg and/or diastolic (DBP) ≥ 90 mmHg; or SBP ≥ 130 mmHg and/or DBP ≥ 80 mmHg with diabetes]. We recruited 190 patients randomized to either the HBPT or the UC groups for 12 weeks. The primary endpoints were blood pressure reduction and the proportion of patients achieving the target blood pressure.@*RESULTS@#Totally, 172 patients completed the study, the HBPT plus support group ( n = 84), and the UC group ( n = 88). Patients in the plus support group showed a greater reduction in mean ambulatory blood pressure than those in the UC group. The plus support group had a significantly higher proportion of patients who achieved the target blood pressure and maintained a dipper blood pressure pattern at the 12th week of follow-up. Additionally, the patients in the plus support group showed lower blood pressure variability and higher drug adherence than those in the UC group.@*CONCLUSION@#HBPT plus additional support results in greater blood pressure reduction, better blood pressure control, a higher proportion of dipper blood pressure patterns, lower blood pressure variability, and higher drug adherence than UC. The development of telemedicine may be the cornerstone of hypertension management in primary care.


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Pressure , Blood Pressure Monitoring, Ambulatory , Hypertension/therapy , Telemedicine/methods , Hypotension
8.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 607-610, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980038

ABSTRACT

@#In September 2020, three pulmonary tuberculosis cases were identified during school physical examinations at a senior high school in a district (School B) of Hangzhou City. Immediate epidemiological surveys were performed by local district and Hangzhou Center for Disease Control and Prevention, and a pulmonary tuberculosis outbreak involving 9 cases in 6 schools were identified. All cases were once Grade 9 students in Class of 2019 at a junior high school (School A), and the source of infection might be a laboratory-confirmed cases (index case) in this class reported in April, 2019. Following exposure to index case, other cases developed disease onset or were screened after entering senior high schools. In November, 2020, tuberculin skin test and chest X-ray scan were performed to screen pulmonary tuberculosis among 43 students and teachers in a class of Grade 9 in Class of 2019 at School A, and 17 students strongly positive for tuberculin skin test were given prophylactic therapy. No pulmonary tuberculosis case were identified until June 2021. It is suggested that early epidemiological surveys facilitates the identification of the epidemiological correlation between cases. Active search for individuals with common exposure history and prophylactic therapy are required if a possible outbreak is found, which is helpful to avoid the spread of the outbreak.

9.
China Tropical Medicine ; (12): 392-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-979698

ABSTRACT

@#Abstract: Objective To investigate the epidemiological characteristics of pathogens causing bloodstream infection in hematology patients during treatment and to compare the effects of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) on them, so as to provide evidence for the diagnosis and treatment of bloodstream infection. Methods A total of 292 cases with bloodstream infection in hematology wards of the PLA General Hospital were collected from 2017 to 2021, which were divided into HSCT group and N-HSCT group according to whether performed HSCT or not. The epidemiological characteristics and influence of pathogenic bacteria in blood stream infection were analyzed and compared between the two groups. Results A total of 362 strains of pathogenic bacteria were collected from 292 cases, including 106 strains in HSCT group (84 cases) and 256 strains in N-HSCT group (208 cases). Bloodstream infections were more common in acute myeloid leukemia (130/392, 44.52%), followed by non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (74/292, 25.34%). The rate of once bloodstream infection in HSCT group was higher than that in N-HSCT Group, but the rate of twice bloodstream infections in N-HSCT group was higher. Gram-negative Bacilli were the most common pathogens (56.08%), with Escherichia coli being absolutely dominant (109/362, 30.11%), followed by Klebsiella pneumoniae (39/362, 10.77%). Coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS) (107/362, 29.56%) were the most common Gram-positive cocci. The detection rate of fungi in HSCT group (10/106, 9.43%) was significantly higher than that in N-HSCT Group (3.52%). The drug resistance rate of the common pathogenic bacteria was at a high level, and there was a certain proportion of multi-drug resistant strains (except for Pseudomonas aeruginosa). The resistance rates of CoNS to penicillin, gentamicin, moxifloxacin, clindamycin and rifampicin in HSCT group were higher than those in N-HSCT Group. The resistance rate of Escherichia coli to piperacillin/tazobactam, cephalosporins and etapenem in HSCT group was significantly higher than that in N-HSCT group. Conclusions The pathogens of blood stream infection in hematology patients are complicated and various. It is difficult for clinical diagnosis and treatment to detect multiple infections and multiple pathogens. HSCT patients have a higher risk of fungal bloodstream infection and more multi-drug resistant strains detected. Therefore, the identification of bloodstream infection and multi-drug resistant strains associated with HSCT patients should prompt surveillance.

10.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 691-695, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973946

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the status of sugar sweetened beverages(SSBs) and its associated factors among primary and middle school students in Shenzhen, providing reference for nutrition and health education.@*Methods@#A random number table and convenience sampling method was used to select 40 135 primary and middle school students aged 6-18 years in Shenzhen. Data was collected to investigate their SSBs knowledge and associated factors.@*Results@#The proportion of SSBs knowledge score less than 60 points, between 60-79 points and 80-100 points were 5.6%, 41.9% and 52.4%. Multivariate analysis showed that age(4-6 grade, junior middle and high school), gender(female), parents education(high school or vocational schools, colleges and universities as bachelors, masters or doctors), students pay attention to the ingredient list (seldom, none), parental dissuasion or reward behavior (only forced dissuasion, giving no dissuasion, occasional reward, no reward), and the storing beverages at home (seldom, none) were associated with total SSBs knowledge score and milk containing beverage knowledge score ( β =-0.79,-1.19,-1.74,0.58, 1.20 ,1.81,2.98,3.13,2.70,4.85,6.34,6.41,-0.99,-0.78,-1.81,-2.40,5.85,6.26,0.61,1.92, P <0.05). Age(4-6 grade, junior middle and high school), gender(female), father s education background(with colleges and universities as bachelor, masters or doctors), mother s education background(high schools or vocational schools, colleges and universities as bachelors, masters or doctors), parents dissuation behaviors(giving no dissuation), parents rewarding behavior(seldom, none), storing beverages at home(seldom, none) were associated with the total SSBs knowledge score and milk containing beverage knowledge score( β =-0.68, -0.92 ,-0.49,0.26,0.51,1.05,1.09,0.90,1.93,2.62,2.55,-0.68,0.93,1.13,0.21,0.92, P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#Primary and middle school students have moderate to high level of SSBs knowledge. It is necessary for students and their parents to learn more SSBs related nutrition healthy knowledge, and to reduce home availability of SSBs.

11.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 691-695, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973944

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the status of sugar sweetened beverages(SSBs) and its associated factors among primary and middle school students in Shenzhen, providing reference for nutrition and health education.@*Methods@#A random number table and convenience sampling method was used to select 40 135 primary and middle school students aged 6-18 years in Shenzhen. Data was collected to investigate their SSBs knowledge and associated factors.@*Results@#The proportion of SSBs knowledge score less than 60 points, between 60-79 points and 80-100 points were 5.6%, 41.9% and 52.4%. Multivariate analysis showed that age(4-6 grade, junior middle and high school), gender(female), parents education(high school or vocational schools, colleges and universities as bachelors, masters or doctors), students pay attention to the ingredient list (seldom, none), parental dissuasion or reward behavior (only forced dissuasion, giving no dissuasion, occasional reward, no reward), and the storing beverages at home (seldom, none) were associated with total SSBs knowledge score and milk containing beverage knowledge score ( β =-0.79,-1.19,-1.74,0.58, 1.20 ,1.81,2.98,3.13,2.70,4.85,6.34,6.41,-0.99,-0.78,-1.81,-2.40,5.85,6.26,0.61,1.92, P <0.05). Age(4-6 grade, junior middle and high school), gender(female), father s education background(with colleges and universities as bachelor, masters or doctors), mother s education background(high schools or vocational schools, colleges and universities as bachelors, masters or doctors), parents dissuation behaviors(giving no dissuation), parents rewarding behavior(seldom, none), storing beverages at home(seldom, none) were associated with the total SSBs knowledge score and milk containing beverage knowledge score( β =-0.68, -0.92 ,-0.49,0.26,0.51,1.05,1.09,0.90,1.93,2.62,2.55,-0.68,0.93,1.13,0.21,0.92, P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#Primary and middle school students have moderate to high level of SSBs knowledge. It is necessary for students and their parents to learn more SSBs related nutrition healthy knowledge, and to reduce home availability of SSBs.

12.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 369-373,379, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973289

ABSTRACT

Abstract@#Objective To investigate the prevalence of dissociative tendency and its influencing factors among middle school students, so as to provide insights into prevention and early interventions of adolescent dissociative tendency.@* Methods@# Students at ages of 13 to 18 years that studied in 9 high schools were sampled using a multistage, stratified, cluster sampling method from 3 counties (districts) of Hangzhou City from January, 2021 and March, 2022. Participants' demographics and social, school, family environment and psychological factors were collected using self-designed questionnaires and standardized scales. The dissociative tendency was initially screened using the Adolescent Dissociative Experience Scale (A-DES), and the diagnosed by three psychiatrists according to Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th Edition). Factors affecting ADT were identified using a multivariable logistic regression model. @*Results@# Totally 3 240 students were recruited, and 2 841 students were qualified, with a response rate of 87.69%. The respondents included 1 389 men (48.89%) and 1 452 women (51.11%), and had a mean age of (15.69±1.58) years. The prevalence of dissociative tendency was 24.04%, and the detection of dissociative tendency was higher among men than among women (29.23% vs. 19.08%; χ2=24.529, P<0.001). Multivariable logistic regression analysis identified negative teacher-student relationship (OR=1.055, 95%CI: 1.010-1.103), family emotional expressiveness (OR=0.872, 95%CI: 0.777-0.978), family conflict (OR=1.152, 95%CI: 1.045-1.271), family organization (OR=0.880, 95%CI: 0.780-0.992) and family cohesion (OR=0.871, 95%CI: 0.766-0.987) as factors affecting dissociative tendency among men, and somatization (OR=1.041, 95%CI: 1.002-1.082) and paranoid ideation (OR=1.094, 95%CI: 1.006-1.190) as factors affecting dissociative tendency among women. @*Conclusions@# The prevalence of dissociative tendency was 24.04% among middle school students. Negative teacher-student relationship, family emotional expressiveness, family conflict, family organization, and family cohesion may affect dissociative tendency among men, while somatization and paranoid ideation may affect dissociative tendency among women.

13.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1184-1191, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009973

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the correlation between plasmacytoid dendritic cell (pDC) dose in grafts and the occurrence of cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 80 children who received allo-HSCT in Children's Hospital of Soochow University from August 20, 2020 to June 11, 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. Proportions of DC subsets and T-cell subsets in grafts were detected by flow cytometry in order to calculate infused cell dose of each cell. Weekly monitoring of CMV-DNA copies in peripheral blood for each child were performed after transplantation. The last follow-up date was December 31, 2021.@*RESULTS@#All the children gained hematopoietic reconstitution. CMV infection was observed in 51 children (63.8%±5.4%) within the first 100 days after transplantation, including 2 cases developing CMV disease. Univariate analysis indicated that infused doses of DC and pDC were significantly associated with CMV infection within 100 days after allo-HSCT (P <0.05). Multivariate analysis indicated that a high dose infusion of pDC was an independent protective factor for CMV infection within 100 days after allo-HSCT (P <0.05). By the end of follow-up, 7 children died of transplantation-related complications, including 2 deaths from CMV disease, 2 deaths from extensive chronic graft-versus-host disease, and 3 deaths from capillary leak syndrome. The overall survival rate was 91.2%.@*CONCLUSION@#The pDC in grafts may be associated with early infection of CMV after allo-HSCT, while a high infused pDC dose may serve as a protective factor for CMV infection after transplantation.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Graft vs Host Disease/complications , Cytomegalovirus Infections , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effects , Dendritic Cells
14.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 1253-1258, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009877

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the clinical application of metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) in the etiological diagnosis and treatment of refractory pneumonia (RTP) in children.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on 160 children with RTP who were admitted to the Department of Pediatric Internal Medicine, Maternal and Child Health Hospital of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, from January 2020 to March 2023. According to whether mNGS was performed, they were divided into two groups: mNGS (n=80) and traditional testing (n=80). All children received the tests of inflammatory markers and pathogen tests after admission. Traditional pathogenicity tests included microbial culture (sputum specimen collected by suction tube), nucleic acid detection of respiratory pathogens, and serological test (mycoplasma, tuberculosis, and fungi). For the mNGS group, BALF specimens were collected after bronchoscopy and were sent to the laboratory for mNGS and microbial culture. The two groups were analyzed and compared in terms of the detection of pathogens and treatment.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the traditional testing group, the mNGS group had a significantly higher detection rate of pathogens (92% vs 58%, P<0.05), with more types of pathogens and a higher diagnostic rate of mixed infections. Compared with the traditional testing group, the mNGS group had a significantly higher treatment response rate and a significantly lower incidence rate of complications during hospitalization (P<0.05). Treatment was adjusted for 68 children in the mNGS group according to the results of mNGS, with a treatment response rate of 96% (65/68) after adjustment.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Compared with traditional pathogen tests, BALF mNGS can significantly improve the detection rate of pathogens and find some rare pathogens. In clinical practice, when encountering bottlenecks during the diagnosis and treatment of children with RTP, it is advisable to promptly perform the mNGS to identify the pathogens.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid , Retrospective Studies , Pneumonia/therapy , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Bronchoscopy , Sensitivity and Specificity
15.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5419-5437, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008740

ABSTRACT

Curcuma wenyujin, as one of the eight Daodi-herbs in Zhejiang province, is widely used. It has the effects of eliminating stasis and dissipating mass, moving Qi and activating blood, and clearing heart and relieving depression. Modern studies have shown that it has anti-tumor, anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidation, anti-thrombus and liver-protecting effects and mainly contains sesquiterpenoids, monoterpenoids, diterpenoids, and curcumins. This paper reviews the research progress in the chemical constituents and pharmacological effects of C. wenyujin in the last decade, discusses the modern clinical applications combined with the traditional efficacy, and predicts its quality markers(Q-markers) from plant consanguinity, medicinal properties, efficacy, processing and measurability of chemical components based on the theory of Q-markers, so as to provide a reference for the establishment of a scientific quality evaluation system and the research and application of this herb in the future.


Subject(s)
Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Curcuma/chemistry , Liver
16.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1737-1740, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987900

ABSTRACT

AIM:To explore the effect of genetic factors on the pathogenesis of keratoconus and its genetic model.METHODS: Genetic epidemiological methods were used to investigate the prevalence of keratoconus in 280 first-degree relatives of 100 patients with keratoconus who attended Henan Eye Hospital between July 2020 and April 2023. The heritability was estimated by Falconer regression method. The general genetic model was calculated using Penrose method, and the genetic model was confirmed by Falconer formula, Edwards approximation formula and the projection formula of San-Duo Jiang's threshold model theory.RESULTS: The results showed that there were 16(5.714%)first-degree relatives of keratoconus probands suffering from keratoconus, and the heritability of keratoconus was(86.100±7.400)%. The S/q score calculated by the Penrose method was 35.348, which was near to 1/(q)1/2, suggesting that the genetic model of keratoconus might be polygenic inheritance. The expected prevalence in first-degree relatives of keratoconus patients by Falconer formula, Edwards approximation formula and the projection formula of San-Duo Jiang's threshold model theory were 5.900%, 7.714% and 5.700%, respectively, which showed no significant differences from the actual prevalence(5.714%), suggesting that keratoconus was a polygenetic disease.CONCLUSION:Genetic factors might play an important role in the pathogenesis of keratoconus, and keratoconus is a polygenetic disease.

17.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1709-1713, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987895

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the expression and clinical significance of Toll-like receptor 4(TLR4)and vascular endothelial growth factor A(VEGFA)in the serum of patients with diabetic retinopathy(DR).METHODS: A total of 183 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus(T2DM)admitted to our hospital from January 2021 to January 2022 were collected as the study subjects. They were grouped into non diabetic retinopathy(NDR)group(n=54), proliferative diabetic retinopathy(PDR)group(n=68)and non proliferative diabetic retinopathy(NPDR)group(n=61). In the same period, 70 volunteers who underwent physical examination in our hospital were randomly stratified according to age and sex. After discharge, DR patients were followed up for 1a and grouped into a poor prognosis group(n=40)and a good prognosis group(n=89)based on whether they had visual impairment. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA)was applied to detect the levels of TLR4 and VEGFA in serum; Logistic regression was applied to analyze the influencing factors of DR; receiver operating characteristic(ROC)curve was applied to analyze the clinical value of serum TLR4 and VEGFA levels in diagnosing DR and predicting prognosis.RESULTS: There were statistical significance in TLR4 and VEGFA levels among the control group, NDR group, PDR group, and NPDR group(F=935.753, 516.936, all P&#x003C;0.05), and further pairwise comparisons showed statistical significance(P&#x003C;0.05); the expression levels of TLR4 and VEGFA in the serum of patients with poor prognosis were higher than those of patients with good prognosis(P&#x003C;0.01); the results of Logistic regression analysis showed that TLR4, VEGFA, course of disease, and HbA1c were all risk factors for the occurrence of DR(P&#x003C;0.05); the ROC results showed that the AUC of serum TLR4, VEGFA levels, and their combination for predicting DR was 0.869, 0.862, and 0.931, respectively, the AUC of serum TLR4, VEGFA levels, and their combined prediction of visual disability in DR patients was 0.864, 0.863, and 0.938, respectively.CONCLUSION: The expression of TLR4 and VEGFA in serum of DR patients is up-regulated, and the combined detection of TLR4 and VEGFA can be used as a potential indicator to evaluate the occurrence and poor prognosis of DR.

18.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 142-146, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970148

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the feasibility and application value of intraoperative direct immunohistochemical (IHC) staining in improving the diagnosis accuracy in difficult cases of bronchiolar adenoma (BA). Methods: Nineteen cases with single or multiple pulmonary ground-glass nodules or solid nodules indicated by imaging in Cancer Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from January to July 2021 and with difficulty in differential diagnosis at frozen HE sections were selected. In the experimental group, direct IHC staining of cytokeratin 5/6 (CK5/6) and p63 was performed on frozen sections to assist the differentiation of BA from in situ/micro-invasive adenocarcinoma/adenocarcinoma/invasive mucinous adenocarcinoma. In the control group, two pathologists performed routine frozen HE section diagnosis on these 19 cases. The diagnostic results of paraffin sections were used as the gold standard. The sensitivity and specificity of BA diagnosis, consistency with paraffin diagnosis and time used for frozen diagnosis were compared between the experimental group and the control group. Results: The basal cells of BA were highlighted by CK5/6 and p63 staining. There were no basal cells in the in situ/microinvasive adenocarcinoma/adenocarcinoma/invasive mucinous adenocarcinoma. In the experimental group, the sensitivity and specificity with aid of direct IHC staining for BA were 100% and 86.7%, respectively, and the Kappa value of frozen and paraffin diagnosis was 0.732, and these were significantly higher than those in the control group (P<0.05). The average time consumption in the experimental group (32.4 min) was only 7 min longer than that in the control group (25.4 min). Conclusions: Direct IHC staining can improve the accuracy of BA diagnosis intraoperatively and reduce the risk of misdiagnosis, but require significantly longer time. Thus frozen direct IHC staining should be restricted to cases with difficulty in differentiating benign from malignant diseases, especially when the surgical modalities differ based on the frozen diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Paraffin , Sensitivity and Specificity , Adenocarcinoma in Situ , Adenoma/diagnosis , Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous/surgery , Frozen Sections/methods
19.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 153-159, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969818

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze clinicopathological features of circumferential superficial esophageal squamous cell carcinoma and precancerous lesions and investigate the risk factors for deep submucosal invasion and angiolymphatic invasion retrospectively. Methods: A total of 116 cases of esophageal squamous epithelial high-grade intraepithelial neoplasia or squamous cell carcinoma diagnosed by gastroscopy, biopsy pathology and endoscopic resection pathology during November 2013 to October 2021 were collected, and their clinicopathological features were analyzed. The independent risk factors of deep submucosal invasion and angiolymphatic invasion were analyzed by logistic regression model. Results: The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that drinking history (OR=3.090, 95% CI: 1.165-8.200; P<0.05), The AB type of intrapapillary capillary loop (IPCL) (OR=11.215, 95% CI: 3.955-31.797; P<0.05) were the independent risk factors for the depth of invasion. The smoking history (OR=5.824, 95% CI: 1.704-19.899; P<0.05), the presence of avascular area (AVA) (OR=3.393, 95% CI: 1.285-12.072; P<0.05) were the independent factors for the angiolymphatic invasion. Conclusions: The risk of deep submucosal infiltration is greater for circumferential superficial esophageal squamous cell carcinoma patients with drinking history and IPCL type B2-B3 observed by magnifying endoscopy, while the risk of angiolymphatic invasion should be vigilant for circumferential superficial esophageal squamous cell carcinoma patients with smoking history and the presence of AVA observed by magnifying endoscopy. Ultrasound endoscopy combined with narrowband imagingand magnification endoscopy can improve the accuracy of preoperative assessment of the depth of infiltration of superficial squamous cell carcinoma and precancerous lesions and angiolymphaticinvasion in the whole perimeter of the esophagus, and help endoscopists to reasonably grasp the indications for endoscopic treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma/pathology , Esophageal Neoplasms/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Esophagoscopy , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Precancerous Conditions/surgery , Margins of Excision , Risk Factors
20.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 445-459, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971725

ABSTRACT

Liver diseases constitute a major healthcare burden globally, including acute hepatic injury resulted from acetaminophen overdose, ischemia-reperfusion or hepatotropic viral infection and chronic hepatitis, alcoholic liver disease (ALD), non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Attainable treatment strategies for most liver diseases remain inadequate, highlighting the importance of substantial pathogenesis. The transient receptor potential (TRP) channels represent a versatile signalling mechanism regulating fundamental physiological processes in the liver. It is not surprising that liver diseases become a newly explored field to enrich our knowledge of TRP channels. Here, we discuss recent findings revealing TRP functions across the fundamental pathological course from early hepatocellular injury caused by various insults, to inflammation, subsequent fibrosis and hepatoma. We also explore expression levels of TRPs in liver tissues of ALD, NAFLD and HCC patients from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) or The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database and survival analysis estimated by Kaplan-Meier Plotter. At last, we address the therapeutical potential and challenges by pharmacologically targeting TRPs to treat liver diseases. The aim is to provide a better understanding of the implications of TRP channels in liver diseases, contributing to the discovery of novel therapeutic targets and efficient drugs.

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