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1.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 37(5): 727-736, Sept.-Oct. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407301

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Coronary heart disease (CHD) is a dynamic process in which there are interactions between endothelial dysfunction, oxidative stress, and inflammatory responses. The aim of the present study was to investigate the function and mechanism of HSCARG in the treatment of CHD. Methods: Male apolipoprotein E/low-density lipoprotein receptor-deficient mice were given a high-fat diet with 21% fat and 0.15% cholesterol for the in vivo model. Human umbilical vein endothelial cells were incubated with angiotensin II for the in vitro model. HSCARG expression was inhibited in patients or mice with CHD. Results: HSCARG reduced oxidative stress in mice with CHD. HSCARG also reduced reactive oxygen species (ROS)-oxidative stress in the in vitro model. HSCARG induced p47phox expression in the in vitro model by NF-κB activity. The regulation of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) activity or p47phox expression participates in the effects of HSCARG in CHD. Conclusion: Altogether, our data indicate that HSCARG reduced ROS-oxidative stress in in vivo and in vitro models of CHD via p47phox by NF-κB activity and may be a clinical target for CHD.

2.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 28(2): 85-88, Mar-Apr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365681

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: There is an annual increase in type 2 diabetes (T2DM) incidence in middle-aged people. Aerobic exercise is known to influence glucose metabolic pathways positively. Few studies concerning calisthenic aerobic exercise and its influence on elderly patients with T2DM. Objective: To measure the therapeutic effect of calisthenic exercise in obese Middle-aged people with T2DM. Methods: A total of 86 patients with T2DM were selected from the physical examination of employees of the same unit. They were randomly divided into the exercise group and the control group. The exercise intervention lasted for 16 weeks, with sessions held 3-5 times per week, varying from 60 to 90 minutes per session. The markers evaluated were defined according to the literature and statistically verified. Results: After 16 weeks of calisthenic exercise intervention, compared to the control group or before the experiment, we observed significant reductions in variables VFA (visceral fat area), FPG (fasting glucose), Fins (fasting insulin), HOMA-IR (homeostasis model evaluation of insulin resistance), 2hPBG (postprandial two hours glucose) and HbAlc (hemoglobin Alc) of the exercise group were significantly reduced (P<0.01). Conclusion: Calisthenic exercise intervention can reduce the levels of VFA, FPG. FIns, HOMA-HR, 2hPBG and HbAlc in patients with T2DM. It was also found to reduce the visceral fat content of obese elderly patients with T2DM, reducing obesity risks. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment results.


RESUMO Introdução: Há um aumento anual na incidência de diabetes tipo 2 (T2DM) nas pessoas de meia idade. O exercício aeróbico é conhecido por influenciar positivamente as vias metabólicas da glicose. Porém há poucos estudos sobre o exercício aeróbico calistênico e sua influência em pacientes entre 40 a 60 anos com T2DM. Objetivo: Medir o efeito terapêutico do exercício calistênico em pacientes de meia idade com obesidade e T2DM. Métodos: Um total de 86 pacientes com T2DM foram selecionados a partir do exame físico dos funcionários da mesma unidade. Eles foram divididos aleatoriamente entre o grupo de exercícios e o grupo de controle. A intervenção do exercício durou 16 semanas, com sessões realizadas de 3 a 5 vezes por semana, variando de 60 a 90 minutos por sessão. Os marcadores avaliados foram definidos de acordo com a literatura e verificados estatisticamente. Resultados: Após 16 semanas de intervenção de exercício aeróbico calistênico, em comparação ao grupo controle ou antes do experimento, observamos reduções significativas nas variáveis VFA (área de gordura visceral), FPG (glicose de jejum), Fins (insulina em jejum), HOMA-IR (avaliação do modelo de homeostase de resistência à insulina), 2hPBG (glicose pós-prandial de duas horas) e HbAlc (hemoglobina Alc) do grupo exercício foram significativamente reduzidas (P<0,01). Conclusão: A intervenção de exercício aeróbico calistênico pode reduzir os níveis de VFA, FPG. FIns, HOMA-HR, 2hPBG e HbAlc em pacientes com T2DM. Também foi constatado que reduz o conteúdo de gordura visceral de pacientes idosos obesos com T2DM, reduzindo os riscos de obesidade. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción: Cada año aumenta la incidencia de la diabetes tipo 2 (T2DM) en personas de mediana edad. Se sabe que el ejercicio aeróbico influye positivamente en las vías metabólicas de la glucosa. Pero hay pocos estudios sobre el ejercicio aeróbico calisténico y su influencia en pacientes de 40-60 años con T2DM. Objetivo: Medir el efecto terapéutico del ejercicio calisténico en pacientes de mediana edad con obesidad y T2DM. Métodos: Se seleccionó un total de 86 pacientes con T2DM a partir de la exploración física de los empleados de la misma unidad. Se dividieron aleatoriamente entre el grupo de ejercicio y el grupo de control. La intervención de ejercicios duró 16 semanas, con sesiones realizadas de 3 a 5 veces por semana, de 60 a 90 minutos por sesión. Los marcadores evaluados se definieron según la literatura y se verificaron estadísticamente. Resultados: Después de 16 semanas de intervención de ejercicio aeróbico calisténico, en comparación con el grupo de control o antes del experimento, observamos reducciones significativas en las variables VFA (área de grasa visceral), FPG (glucosa en ayunas), Fins (insulina en ayunas), HOMA-IR (evaluación del modelo de homeostasis de resistencia a la insulina), 2hPBG (glucosa postprandial de dos horas) y HbAlc (hemoglobina Alc) del grupo de ejercicio se redujeron significativamente (P<0,01). Conclusión: La intervención de ejercicio aeróbico calisténico puede reducir los niveles de AGV, FPG. FIns, HOMA-HR, 2hPBG y HbAlc en pacientes con T2DM. También se ha comprobado que reduce el contenido de grasa visceral en pacientes ancianos obesos con T2DM, reduciendo el riesgo de obesidad. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942329

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the mechanism of Jianpi Yishen Huazhuo prescription in the improvement of ovarian function in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). MethodSeventy female SD rats in SPF grade were randomly divided into 6 groups, 15 in the blank group and 15 in the model group, 10 in the metformin group (0.1 g·kg-1·d-1), and 10 in the low (1.275 g·kg-1·d-1), medium (2.55 g·kg-1·d-1), and high-dose (5.10 g·kg-1·d-1) Jianpi Yishen Huazhuo prescription groups. The blank group was given normal saline (10 mL·kg-1·d-1) by gavage and ordinary feed, and the other groups were given letrozole (1 mg·kg-1·d-1) by gavage combined with high-fat feed for 21 days to induce the model of PCOS. After modeling, the blank group and model group were given equal volume normal saline by gavage, and each drug group was given the corresponding dose of the drug by gavage for 30 days. The changes in body mass and fasting blood glucose (FPG) of rats before and after modeling were compared. Hematoxylin eosin (HE) staining was used to observe the morphological change in the ovaries of rats in each group. The serum levels of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), testosterone (T), anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH), and estradiol (E2) were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and the LH/FSH ratio was calculated. Immunohistochemical staining (IHC) and Western blot were used to detect the protein expression levels of nucleoside binding oligomerization domain protein like receptor 3 (NALP3), apoptosis-associated speck-like protein (ASC), cysteine protease-1 (Caspase-1), nuclear transcription factor-κB (NF-κB), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), interleukin-18 (IL-18), and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in the rat ovaries. ResultAs compared with the blank group, large follicles with polycystic expansion were found in the ovaries of the model group, no dominant follicles were found, the granular layer of follicles decreased and arranged loosely, and the number of corpus luteum decreased significantly. Serum T, LH, AMH and LH/FSH increased in the model group (P<0.05, P<0.01), while FSH and E2 decreased (P<0.05, P<0.01). The relative protein expression levels of NALP3, ASC, Caspase-1, NF-κB, IL-1β, IL-18, and IL-6 increased (P<0.05, P<0.01) in the ovaries of the model group. Compared with the model group, the low, medium, and high-dose Jianpi Yishen Huazhuo prescription groups and the metformin group showed growing follicles and corpus luteum at all levels, the number of cystic expanding follicles decreased, the thickness of follicular granular layer increased, the number of follicular fluid increased, mature follicles were visible, and the local morphology of oocytes was complete. Serum T, LH, AMH, and LH/FSH in these groups decreased (P<0.05, P<0.01), while E2 and FSH increased (P<0.05). The relative protein expressions of NALP3, ASC, Caspase-1, NF-κB, IL-1β, IL-18, and IL-6 in the ovaries of these groups decreased (P<0.05, P<0.01). There was no significant difference among the treatment groups. ConclusionBy inhibiting the activation of NLRP3 inflammasome, Jianpi Yishen Huazhuo prescription reduces the release of NALP3, ASC, Caspase-1, NF-κB, IL-18, IL-1β, and IL-6 inflammatory factors in ovarian tissues, regulates endocrine level, and effectively reduces PCOS inflammatory statu, so as to play a role in improving ovarian function.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939714

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the efficacy and prognosis of cladribine (2-CdA) combined with cytarabine (Ara-C) regimen in the treatment of relapsed refractory Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) in children.@*METHODS@#Nine patients with relapsed refractory LCH treated with the 2-CdA combined with Ara-C regimen in the Department of Hematology and Oncology of Wuhan Children's Hospital from July 2014 to February 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, and the efficacy and disease status were evaluated according to the Histiocyte Society Evaluation and Treatment Guidelines (2009) and the Disease Activity Score (DAS), the drug toxicity were evaluated according to the World Health Organization(WHO) grading criteria for chemotherapy. All patients were followed up for survival status and disease-related sequelae.@*RESULTS@#Before the treatment combining 2-CdA and Ara-C, 7 of 9 patients were evaluated as active disease worse (ADW), and 2 as active disease stable (ADS) with a median disease activity score of 8 (4-15). Of 9 patients, 6 cases achieved non active disease (NAD) and 3 achieved active disease better (ADB) with a median disease activity score of 0 (0 to 5) after 2-6 courses of therapy. All 9 patients experienced WHO grade IV hematologic toxicity and 3 patients had hepatobiliary adverse effects (WHO grade I~II) after treatment. The median follow-up time was 31(1 to 50) months with all 9 patients survived, 3 of the 9 patients experienced sequelae to the disease with 2 combined liver cirrhosis as well as cholestatic hepatitis and 1 with oral desmopressin acetate tablets for diabetes insipidus.@*CONCLUSION@#2-CdA combined with Ara-C is an effective regimen for the treatment of recurrent refractory LCH in children, and the main adverse effect is hematologic toxicity, which is mostly tolerated in children. Early treatment with this regimen may be considered for patients with multisystem LCH with risky organ involvement who have failed first-line therapy and for patients with relapse.


Subject(s)
Child , Cladribine/adverse effects , Cytarabine , Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell/drug therapy , Humans , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939646

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the preadmission follow-up condition of neonates hospitalized due to severe hyperbilirubinemia after discharge from the department of obstetrics and the influencing factors for follow-up compliance.@*METHODS@#A multicenter retrospective case-control study was performed for the cases from the multicenter clinical database of 12 units in the Quality Improvement Clinical Research Cooperative Group of Neonatal Severe Hyperbilirubinemia in Jiangsu Province of China from January 2019 to April 2021. According to whether the follow-up of neonatal jaundice was conducted on time after discharge from the department of obstetrics, the neonates were divided into two groups: good follow-up compliance and poor follow-up compliance. The multivariate logistic regression model was used to identify the influencing factors for follow-up compliance of the neonates before admission.@*RESULTS@#A total of 545 neonates with severe hyperbilirubinemia were included in the study, with 156 neonates (28.6%) in the good follow-up compliance group and 389 (71.4%) in the poor follow-up compliance group. The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that low gestational age at birth, ≥10% reduction in body weight on admission compared with birth weight, history of phototherapy of siblings, history of exchange transfusion of siblings, Rh(-) blood type of the mother, a higher educational level of the mother, the use of WeChat official account by medical staff to remind of follow-up before discharge from the department of obstetrics, and the method of telephone notification to remind of follow-up after discharge were associated with the increase in follow-up compliance (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Poor follow-up compliance is observed for the neonates with severe hyperbilirubinemia after discharge from the department of obstetrics, which suggests that it is necessary to further strengthen the education of jaundice to parents before discharge and improve the awareness of jaundice follow-up. It is recommended to remind parents to follow up on time by phone or WeChat official account.


Subject(s)
Case-Control Studies , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Hyperbilirubinemia, Neonatal/therapy , Infant, Newborn , Obstetrics , Patient Discharge , Pregnancy , Retrospective Studies
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939599

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study aimed to analyze the temporal trends and characteristics associated with waist circumference (WC) among elderly Chinese people.@*Methods@#We used data from 3,096 adults ≥ 65 years who participated in the China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS), an ongoing cohort study, between 1993 and 2015. We used longitudinal quantile regression models to explore the temporal trends and characteristics associated with WC.@*Results@#WC increased gradually among the elderly Chinese population during the survey. The WC curves shifted to the right with wider distributions and lower peaks in men and women. All WC percentile curves shifted upward with similar growth rates in the 25th, 50th, and 75th percentiles. The WC means increased from 78 cm to 86 cm during the 22 years of our study. WC significantly increased with age and body mass index and decreased with physical activity (PA). These associations were stronger in the higher percentiles than in the lower percentiles.@*Conclusions@#WC is rising among Chinese adults ≥ 65 years. Factors affecting WC in elderly people may have different effects on different percentiles of the WC distribution, and PA was the most important protective factor in the higher percentiles of the WC distribution. Thus, different interventional strategies are needed.


Subject(s)
Aged , Body Mass Index , China/epidemiology , Cohort Studies , Female , Humans , Male , Nutrition Surveys , Waist Circumference
7.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 460-465, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935412

ABSTRACT

Objective: To understand the research progresses of economic evaluation of COVID-19 vaccination strategies both at home and abroad, and provide reference for the economic evaluation of COVID-19 vaccination strategies using real word data in China. Methods: Literature retrieval was conducted for related papers published from January, 2020 to December, 2021 in Chinese and English databases, including the economic evaluation of COVID-19 vaccination, and the results of the related literatures were narratively integrated. Results: A total of 16 English literatures (including 3 reviews) were included, and it was found that the COVID-19 vaccination was cost-effective or cost-saving regardless of the vaccine types, while the cost-effectiveness in different population and under different vaccination dose strategies varied due to vaccine efficacy, vaccine price, duration of natural immunity, duration of vaccination campaign, vaccine supply, and vaccination pace. Conclusions: China lacks suitable evidences of economic evaluation of COVID-19 vaccination strategies based on real-world data in the context of long-term epidemic. Therefore, further researches of suitable strategies of booster COVID-19 vaccination are needed.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19 Vaccines , China/epidemiology , Cost-Benefit Analysis , Humans , Vaccination
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935350

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the depression status of pregnant and perinatal women in early, medium-term, late pregnancy and postpartum period in China and the outcomes of depression in each period, analyze the influential factors of depression status. Methods: By using the pregnant and perinatal women mental health cohort established by National Center for Women and Children's Health of Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Haidian District Maternal and Child Health Hospital of Beijing, Women Health Center of Shanxi, Jilin Women and Children Health Hospital, Zhuhai Center for Maternal and Child Health Care and Shenzhen Maternity and Child Healthcare Hospital of Guangdong province, a follow up study was conducted at 7 time points during pregnancy and perinatal period in pregnant and perinatal women in Beijing, Shanxi, Jilin and Guangdong from August 1, 2015 to October 31, 2016. The self-filled questionnaire and Edinburgh Postpartum Depression Scale (EPDS) were used to obtain the general demographic information and depression status of the pregnant and perinatal women, and the depression status and natural outcomes of the pregnant and perinatal women were analyzed. Results: A total of 1 284 pregnant and perinatal women were recruited. In this study, a total of 1 210 subjects who completed follow-up at least 6 times and postpartum 42 day follow up were included in the final analysis. The EPDS depression score at the gestation week 13 was used to indicate the depression status in early pregnancy, the average EPDS score of gestation week 17 and 24 were used to indicate the depression status in medium-term pregnancy, and the average EPDS score of gestation week 31 and 37 were used to indicate depression in late pregnancy. The average EPDS score of postpartum day 3 and 42 were used to indicate postpartum depression status. A total of 321 (26.5%), 218 (18.0%), 189 (15.6%) and 219 (18.1%) pregnant and perinatal women were found to have depression, respectively, in early, medium-term and late pregnancy and in postpartum period. The depression status in early, medium-term and late pregnancy and postpartum period were positively correlated (P<0.001), the correlation between early and middle pregnancy was strong (r=0.678), the correlation between medium-term and late pregnancy was strong (r=0.771), and the correlation between postpartum period and late pregnancy was strong (r=0.706). Among the pregnant women with depression in early pregnancy, 26.2% were depressed during the whole study period, 42.7% were depressed during postpartum period, and the results of multifactorial analysis showed that the education level of college or above of the pregnant and perinatal women (OR=0.437, 95%CI: 0.212-0.900, P=0.025), exercise during pregnancy (OR=0.586, 95%CI: 0.348-0.987, P = 0.044), high marital satisfaction (OR = 0.370, 95%CI: 0.221-0.620, P<0.001), normal body mass index (BMI) (OR=0.516, 95%CI: 0.270-0.985, P=0.045) reduced the risk for depression. Unsatisfactory living environment (OR=1.807, 95%CI: 1.074-3.040, P=0.026) increased the risk for depression. Conclusions: In pregnant and perinatal women in China, the detection rate of depression in early pregnancy was highest compared with those in medium-term and late pregnancy. The detection rate of depression increased again in postpartum period. The depression status detected in the early pregnancy remained in the medium-term and late pregnancy and postpartum period. Exercise, BMI, educational level, living environment satisfaction and marital satisfaction can affect the incidence of depression in pregnant and perinatal women.


Subject(s)
Child , Depression/epidemiology , Depression, Postpartum/epidemiology , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Postpartum Period , Pregnancy , Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
9.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 228-237, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935205

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the effects of Homeobox C10 (HOXC10) on biological characteristics such as migration, invasion and proliferation of glioma cancer cells and to explore the role of HOXC10 gene in glioma microenvironment. Methods: The expression level of HOXC10 in high grade glioma (glioblastoma) and low grade glioma and its effect on patient survival were analyzed by using The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and Chinese Glioma Genome Atlas (CGGA) database. Hoxc10-siRNA-1, HOXC10-siRNA-2 and siRNA negative control (NC) were transfected into U251 cells according to the operation instructions of HOXC10-siRNA transfection. 100 ng/ mL recombinant protein chemokine ligand 2 (reCCL2) was added into the transfection group, and was labeled as HOXC10-siRNA-1+ reCCL2 and HOXC10-siRNA-2+ reCCL2 groups. The expressions of HOXC10 mRNA and target protein in each group was detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and western blot. The proliferation ability of cells in each group was detected by cell counting kit 8 (CCK8) method. The migration ability of cells was detected by Transwell assay and Nick assay, and cell apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry. The expression of chemokines in each group was detected by multiple factors. Co-incubation assays were performed to determine the role of HOXC10 and chemokine ligand 2 (CCL2) in recruiting and polarizing tumor-associated macrophages (M2-type macrophages). Results: The median expression level of HOXC10 in high grade gliomas was 8.51, higher than 1.00 in low grade gliomas (P<0.001) in TCGA database. The median expression level of HOXC10 in high grade gliomas was 0.83, higher than 0.00 in low grade gliomas (P=0.002) in CGGA database. The 5-year survival rate of patients with high HOXC10 expression in TCGA database was 28.2%, lower than 78.7% of those with low HOXC10 expression (P<0.001), and the 5-year survival rate of patients with high HOXC10 expression in CGGA database was 20.3%, lower than 58.0% of those with low HOXC10 expression (P<0.001). The numbers of cell migration in HOXC10-siRNA-1 group and HOXC10-siRNA-2 group were (45±3) and (69±4) respectively, lower than (159±3) in NC group (P<0.05). The cell mobility of HOXC10-siRNA-1 group and HOXC10-siRNA-2 group at 48 hours were (15±2)% and (28±4)% respectively, lower than (80±5)% of NC group (P<0.05). The expressions of vimentin in HOXC10-siRNA-1 group and HOXC10-siRNA-2 group were (141 740.00±34 024.56) and (94 655.00±5 687.97), N-cadherin were (76 810.00±14.14) and (94 254.00±701.45), β-catenin were (75 786.50±789.84) and (107 296.50±9 614.53), lower than (233 768.50±34 114.37), (237 154.50±24 715.50) and (192 449.50±24 178.10) of NC group (P<0.05). The A value of HOXC10-siRNA-1 group and HOXC10-siRNA-2 group were (0.44±0.05) and (0.32±0.02) at 96 hours, lower than 0.92±0.12 of NC group (P<0.05). The apoptosis rates of HOXC10-siRNA-1 group and HOXC10 siRNA-2 group were (10.23±1.24)% and (13.81±2.16)%, higher than (4.60±0.07)% of NC group (P<0.05). The expression levels of CCL2 in U251 cells in HOXC10-siRNA-1 and HOXC10-siRNA-2 groups were (271.63±44.27) and (371.66±50.21), lower than (933.93±29.84) in NC group (P<0.05). The expression levels of CCL5 (234.81±5.95 and 232.62±5.72), CXCL10 (544.13±48.14 and 500.87±15.65) and CXCL11 (215.75±15.30 and 176.18±16.49) in HOXC10-siRNA-1 and HOXC10-siRNA-2 groups were higher than those in NC group (9.98±0.71, 470.54±18.84 and 13.55±0.73, respectively, P<0.05). The recruited numbers of CD14(+) THP1 in HOXC10-siRNA-1 and HOXC10-siRNA-2 groups were (159.33±1.15) and (170.67±1.15), respectively, lower than (360.00±7.81) in NC group (P<0.05), while addition of reCCL2 promoted the recruitment of CD14(+) THP1 cells (287.00±3.61 and 280.67±2.31 in HOXC10-siRNA-1+ reCCL2 group and HOXC10-siRNA-2+ reCCL2 group, respectively, P<0.05). The expressions level of M2-type macrophage-related gene TGF-β in HOXC10-siRNA-1 group and HOXC10-siRNA-2 group were (0.30±0.02) and (0.28±0.02), respectively, lower than (1.06±0.10) in NC group (P<0.05). The expressions level of M1-related gene NOS2 in HOXC10-siRNA-1 and HOXC10-siRNA-2 were (11 413.95±1 911.85) and (5 894.00±945.21), respectively, higher than (13.39±4.32) in NC group (P<0.05). Conclusions: The expression of HOXC10 in glioma is high and positively correlated with the poor prognosis of glioma patients. Knockdown of HOXC10 can inhibit the proliferation, migration and metastasis of human glioma U251 cells. HOXC10 may play an immunosuppressive role in glioma microenvironment by promoting the expression of CCL2 and recruiting and polarizing tumor-associated macrophages (M2 macrophages).


Subject(s)
Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Genes, Homeobox , Glioma/pathology , Homeodomain Proteins/metabolism , Humans , Neoplasm Invasiveness/genetics , Tumor Microenvironment
10.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 93-98, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935187

ABSTRACT

Objective: To estimate stomach cancer incidence and mortality in Henan, 2016 and analyze the trend of stomach cancer incidence and mortality from 2010 to 2016. Methods: Stomach cancer related data in 2016 was extracted from Henan cancer registration and follow-up system. All data were qualified in validity, reliability and completeness according to the Guideline on Cancer Registration in China and International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC/IACR). The incidence and mortality of stomach cancer were estimated by areas, gender and age based on the quality data and the registered population data of Henan province in 2016. The epidemic trend of stomach cancer was also been evaluated based on the age-standardized incidence and mortality by Chinese population (ASR China) from 2010 to 2016. Results: In 2016, the estimated incident cases of stomach cancer were 44 311. The incidence was 41.07/100 000, ASR China was 30.17/100 000, ASR by world population (ASR world) was 30.36/100 000, and the cumulative incidence rate was 3.84%. The incidences of male and female were 55.65/100 000 and 25.35/100 000, respectively. Meanwhile, 32 927 people died of stomach cancer in Henan. The mortality was 30.52/100 000, ASR China was 21.45/100 000, ASR world was 21.54/100 000, and the cumulative mortality was 2.53%. From 2010 to 2016, both the ASR China for incidence and mortality of stomach cancer in Henan showed a steady downward trend. In rural, the ASR China for incidence and mortality decreased rapidly, while the stable trend was observed in urban. Nevertheless, the incidence and mortality of stomach cancer in rural were still higher than those in urban. Conclusions: The incidence and mortality of stomach cancer in Henan province showed steadily declining trend from 2010 to 2016, and the geographical distribution difference between rural and urban areas was gradually narrowing. However, the disease burden was still high in 2016.


Subject(s)
China/epidemiology , Female , Humans , Incidence , Male , Registries , Reproducibility of Results , Rural Population , Stomach Neoplasms/epidemiology , Urban Population
11.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 86-92, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935186

ABSTRACT

Objective: To estimate the incidence and mortality of esophageal cancer in 2016 and their changing trend during 2010-2016 according to the cancer registration data in Henan province. Methods: The data quality including completeness, validity, and reliability of local registries which submitted the cancer registration data of 2016 were assessed according to the criteria of Guideline on Cancer Registration in China and IARC/IACR. Esophageal cancer cases (ICD10: C15) were extracted from the database, and the incidence and mortality stratified by gender, age, and areas (urban/rural) were calculated, the incidence and mortality of provincial cancer were estimated combined with provincial population data. China's 2000 census population and Segi's population were used to calculate the age-standardized rate. Joinpoint model was used to estimate the changing trend of age standardized incidence and mortality along with the calendar year. Results: Approximately 40.10 thousand new esophageal cancer cases were diagnosed in Henan in 2016, accounting for 13.46% of all new cancer cases, and it ranked the third among cancer of all sites. The crude incidence of esophageal cancer was 37.21/100 000 with an age-standardized incidence rate by China standard population (ASIRC) of 26.74/100 000 and an age-standardized incidence rate by world standard population (ASIRW) of 27.12/100 000. The incidence of esophageal cancer in males was higher than that in females, with the ASIRC of 34.53/100 000 and 19.19/100 000, respectively. It was higher in rural areas than that in urban areas, with the ASIRC of 28.13/100 000 and 20.90/100 000, respectively. About 29.30 thousand deaths of esophageal cancer in Henan in 2016, accounting for 15.61% of all cancer deaths in Henan, which ranked the third among cancer of all sites. The crude mortality rate was 27.14/100 000 with an age-standardized mortality rate by China standard population (ASMRC) of 18.74/100 000 and an age-standardized mortality rate by world standard population (ASMRW) of 18.78/100 000. The mortality in males was higher than that in females, with the ASMRC of 24.78/100 000 and 13.12/100 000, respectively. It was also higher in rural areas than that in urban areas, with the ASMRC of 19.48/100 000 and 15.73/100 000, respectively. The ASIRC and ASMRC were declining with annual percent change (APC) of 3.12% (APC=-3.12%; 95%CI: -5.30%, -0.90%; P=0.015) and 2.47% (APC=-2.47%; 95%CI: -4.70%, -0.20%; P=0.039) during 2010-2016. However, the significant declining trend was only observed in rural areas in Henan, and the changing trend was same between males and females. Conclusions: The incidence and mortality of esophageal cancer are declining since 2010, however, the disease burden remains large in Henan. Therefore, comprehensive prevention and control efforts should be strengthened according to its epidemic characteristics and risk factors.


Subject(s)
China/epidemiology , Esophageal Neoplasms/epidemiology , Female , Humans , Incidence , Male , Registries , Reproducibility of Results , Rural Population , Urban Population
12.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 111-118, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934139

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the role of serum pyrrole-protein-adduct (PPA) in evaluating the severity and predicting the anticoagulant efficacy in patients with pyrrolidine alkaloid-related hepatic sinusoidal obstruction syndrome (PA-HSOS).Methods:From April 2018 to December 2019, the data of 48 patients with PA-HSOS admitted and treated at Drum Tower Hospital, Affiliated Medical College of Nangjing University were collected, which included PPA level, portal vein velocity (PVV), ascites grading, PA-HSOS severity grading (according to the new severity grading criteria for suspected hepatic sinusoidal obstruction syndrome in adults by the European Society of Blood and Bone Marrow Transplantation and adjusted) and the outcome of anticoagulation. Patients with acute onset (onset of symptoms within 1 month after consuming pyrrolizidine alkaloid-containing plants) were taken as research subjects. The combination of PPA with PVV or with ascites classification of PA-HSOS severity assessment model was fitted by logistic regression, and the logit values of 2 combination models were calculated, the formula was logit 1=0.034×PPA(nmol/L)+ 0.055×PVV(cm/s)-3.287, logit 2=0.039×PPA(nmol/L)-2.712×ascites grade 2 (Yes=1, No=0)-0.388×ascites grade 3 (Yes=1, No=0)-0.899. The patients received initial anticoagulation therapy at Drum Tower Hospital, Affiliated Medical College of Nanjing University were selected as research subjects. The anticoagulant efficacy prediction model of combination of PPA with serum creatinine (SCR) and with hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) was fitted by logistic regression, and the logit value was calculated, the formula was logit 3=0.013×PPA(nmol/L)+ 0.064×SCR (mol/L)+ 0.542×HVPG (mmHg, 1 mmHg=0.133 kPa)-16.005. The predictive value of PPA in evaluating the severity of PA-HSOS and anticoagulant efficacy was evaluated. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis was performed for statistical analysis. Results:The serum PPA level of 48 patients was 10.81 nmol/L (3.91 nmol/L, 32.04 nmol/L). Among them, 33 cases (68.8%) were mild PA-HSOS, 3 cases (6.2%) were moderate PA-HSOS, no severe PA-HSOS case and 12 cases (25.0%) were very severe PA-HSOS. Among 23 patients received initial anticoagulant therapy at Drum Tower Hospital, Affiliated Medical College of Nanjing University and with complete data, 8 patients responded and survived, and 15 patients did not respond (5 patients died, 1 patient relieved after continue anticoagulant therapy, and 9 patients survived after switching to anticoagulant therapy and transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) treatment). One patient without initial anticoagulant therapy, survived after TIPS treatment because of the progress of the disease. Area under the curve (AUC) of PPA to assess the severity of acute onset PA-HSOS was 0.75, 95% confidence interval ( CI) was 0.52 to 0.98 ( P=0.047). When PPA≥45.519 nmol/L, the specificity and sensitivity in evaluating severe and very severe PA-HSOS was 100.0% and 57.1%, respectively. AUC of combination of PPA and PVV to assess the severity of PA-HSOS was 0.77, 95% CI was 0.55 to 1.00 ( P=0.032). When the logit of combination model≥0.180, the specificity and sensitivity in evaluating severe and very severe PA-HSOS was 71.4% and 81.8%, respectively. AUC of combination of PPA and ascites grade (grade 1, 2 or 3) to assess the severity of PA-HSOS was 0.85, 95% CI was 0.63 to 1.00 ( P=0.005). When the logit of combination model≥0.347, the specificity and sensitivity in evaluating severe and very severe PA-HSOS was 85.7% and 92.0%, respectively. AUC of combination of PPA, SCR and HVPG to predict anticoagulation efficacy was 0.85, 95% CI was 0.69 to 1.00 ( P=0.009). When the logit≥0.393, the specificity and sensitivity in predicting anticoagulation efficacy was 62.5% and 91.7%, respectively. Conclusions:PPA can be used to assess the severity of acute onset PA-HSOS patients, and combined with ascites grading can significantly improve its efficiency. PPA combined with SCR and HVPG can better predict anticoagulant efficacy.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934057

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation between gut microbiota and serum diamine oxidase (DAO) level and to analyze the differences in gut microbiota between high DAO (DAO-H) and normal DAO populations.Methods:This study recruited 62 adult volunteers (31 in DAO-H group and 31 in normal control group) taking health examination in the Strategic Support Forces Special Medical Center in 2021. Their stool samples were collected to analyze the composition of gut microbiota in the two populations by full-length 16S rRNA gene sequencing.Results:No significant difference in the alpha diversity of gut microbiota was found between the DAO-H group and the normal control group, but the structure and function of gut microbiota varied. In the DAO-H group, commensal bacteria decreased, such as Phocaeicola and Bacteroidetes, while potential pathogenic bacteria increased, such as Klebsiella pneumoniae. There were changes in the metabolism of gut microbiota in the DAO-H group, including inhibited sphingolipid metabolism and enhanced biosynthesis of vancomycin group antibiotics, one carbon pool by folate pathway, terpenoid backbone biosynthesis, cell cycle-Caulobacter, protein export, base excision repair and nitrogen metabolism.Conclusions:Compared with the people with normal DAO, the population with high DAO had unique characteristics in gut microbiota composition and metabolism.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934042

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the differences in gut microbiota between patients with hyperuricemia (HUA) and healthy population for better understanding the correlation between gut microflora and high uric acid.Methods:This study recruited 63 adult volunteers, including 25 HUA patients (HUA group) and 38 healthy people (control group), who underwent physical examination in the PLA Strategic Support Force Characteristic Medical Center in 2021. Their fecal samples were collected and analyzed by 16S rRNA high-throughput full-length gene sequencing to analyze the composition of gut microbiota.Results:The overall composition of gut microbiota was different between HUA group and control group. The α diversity index decreased significantly in HUA group and β diversity analysis showed that there were significant differences between the two groups. HUA group showed increased Bacteroidetes and decreased Firmicutes. LEfSe analysis indicated a unique microbiota structure in HUA group, characterized by significantly decreased short-chain fatty acid (SCFA)-producing bacteria represented by Faecalibacterium prausnitzii and significantly increased Streptococcus salivarius, Bacteroides fragilis, Fusobacterium hwasookii, Flavonifractor plautii, Mycobacterium mucogenicum B and Blautia sp003287895. In addition, functional prediction through PICRUSt2 showed that the metabolism related to gut microbiota SCFA pathway in HUA group was decreased, which was consistent to the unique microbiota structure. Conclusions:Compared with healthy population, patients with hyperuricemia had different composition of gut microbiota and metabolic feature.

15.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 372-378, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933804

ABSTRACT

Autoimmune diseases of the nervous and muscle systems constitute a major disease category in neurology, characterized by high disability and heterogeneity. However, incidences for this group of disorders are still unknown in China at the national level. The emergence of the national Hospital Quality Monitoring System (HQMS) provides comprehensive data for epidemiological studies of rare diseases, and the systematism, accuracy and consistency during data collection of HQMS information provide a unique advantage for the investigation of the incidence of rare diseases. Currently, the incidence of major neurological autoimmune diseases based on HQMS has been accomplished and published. In conjunction with clinical practice and research progress of this field, the incidence studies of multiple sclerosis, neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder, acute disseminated encephalomyelitis, Guillain-Barré syndrome, and myasthenia gravis are summarized. The completion of survey of disease incidence is instrumental to investigate the prevalence of this group of diseases. Ultimately, the outcome would benefit neurologists as well as health care policy makers.

16.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 471-481, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932856

ABSTRACT

Objective:To retrospectively analyze the patients with spinal metastases who received surgical intervention and summarize the evolution of their clinical and pathological characteristics and surgical methods.Methods:The data of 703 patients with spinal metastases from January 2007 to December 2018 were collected retrospectively. There were 395 males (56.19%, 395/703) and 308 females (43.81%, 308/703) with an average age of 58.14±11.46 years (range 13-84 years). According to the degree of invasion and thoroughness of tumor resection, the surgical methods could be divided into minimally invasive surgery, decompression surgery, separation surgery, piecemeal resection and total en-bloc spondylectomy surgery. The operative methods were minimally invasive surgery in 89 cases (12.66%), decompression surgery in 96 cases (13.66%), separation surgery in 303 cases (43.10%), piecemeal resection in 182 cases (25.89%) and total en-bloc spondylectomy in 33 cases (4.69%). To analyze the trend of the clinical, pathological types and surgical treatment of patients with spinal metastases over the years, and determine the relevant factors affecting the decision-making of surgical methods by multivariate logistic regression.Results:The ratio of male to female was 1.28:1. 39.54% (278/703) of patients with single-segment involvement in 703 patients, 24.04% (169/703) of patients with double-segment metastasis and 36.42% (256/703) of patients with multi-segment metastasis. The most common type of primary tumor was lung cancer (34.57%, 243/703), followed by breast cancer (8.25%, 58/703), myeloma (8.11%, 57/703), gastrointestinal tumor (6.82%, 48/703) and renal malignant tumor (6.40%, 45/703). From 2007 to 2018, there was no significant difference in the percentage change of different age, gender and primary tumor source composition (age: χ 2=14.01, P=0.233; gender: χ 2=35.73, P=0.341; primary tumor: χ 2=120.09, P=0.074). The percentage of patients with sacrococcygeal metastasis decreased from 20.00% in 2008 to 1.89% in 2017 and the difference was statistically significant (χ 2=8.09, P=0.005). The percentage of patients with multi-level metastasis increased from 26.67% in 2008 to 52.83% in 2017, and the difference was statistically significant (χ 2=7.23, P=0.007). The percentage of patients with minimally invasive surgery decreased from 25.00% in 2007 to 5.88% in 2018, and the percentage of patients with segmented resection decreased from 53.33% in 2008 to 10.29% in 2018. The proportion of the two surgical methods showed a significant downward trend, and the differences were statistically significant (minimally invasive surgery: χ 2=1.46, P=0.026; segmented resection surgery: χ 2=19.56, P<0.001). The percentage of patients undergoing separation surgery increased from 13.33% in 2008 to 64.71% in 2018, and the proportion of patients undergoing total en-bloc spondylectomy increased from 0 in 2007 to 10.29% in 2018. Both surgical methods showed a significant growth trend and the differences were statistically significant (separation surgery: χ 2=27.09, P<0.001; χ 2=4.16, P=0.042). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that age, metastatic site, number of metastatic segments, pathological vertebral fractures, Frankel grade, SINS score and VAS score were independent factors influencing surgical decision-making ( P<0.05). Conclusion:With different time and age, the invasiveness and thoroughness of surgery are increasing, which shows that the percentage of patients who underwent separation surgery and to-tal en-bloc spondylectomy is significantly increasing. Age, metastatic site, number of metastatic segments, pathological vertebral fractures, Frankel grade, SINS score and VAS score are independent factors affecting surgical decision-making.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931092

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the repeatability and correlation in tilt and decentration measurement of crystalline lens and intraocular lens (IOL) under non-mydriatic and mydriatic conditions using swept-source ocular coherence tomography CASIA2.Methods:A diagnostic test study was conducted.A total of 109 cataract patients (157 eyes) who received phacoemulsification with IOL implantation surgery in the Affiliated Hospital of North Sichuan Medical College from March to July 2020 were enrolled.The decentration and tilt of crystalline lens and IOL under non-mydriatic and mydriatic conditions were measured for three times by a single examiner using CASIA2 before and one week after surgery.The 0.5% compound tropicamide eye drops were used to dilate.Repeatability was evaluated by within-standard deviation, test-retest repeatability (TRT), coefficient of variation (CoV) and intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC). The correlation in decentration and tilt of crystalline lens and IOL between before and after mydriasis was assessed by Pearson correlation coefficient.This study adhered to the Declaration of Helsinki, and the study protocol was approved by an Ethics Committee of the Affiliated Hospital of North Sichuan Medical College (No.2020ER030-1). Written informed consent was obtained from all subjects before any medical examination.Results:The decentration of crystalline lens under non-mydriatic and mydriatic conditions was (0.217±0.112)mm and (0.220±0.110)mm, respectively, and the tilt was (5.017±1.422)° and (5.310±1.645)°, respectively.The decentration of IOL under non-mydriatic and mydriatic conditions was (0.245±0.136)mm and (0.250±0.145)mm, respectively, and the tilt was (5.144±1.345)° and (5.437±1.646)°, respectively.No significant difference was found between non-mydriatic and mydriatic conditions (all at P>0.05). Under both non-mydriatic and mydriatic conditions, the crystalline lenses of both eyes decentered and tilted toward the inferotemporal direction, and the IOL of right eyes decentered toward the inferior and tilted toward the inferotemporal direction, and the IOL of left eyes decentered and tilted toward the inferotemporal direction.Except the crystalline lens decentration, the measurement repeatability of crystalline lens tilt, IOL decentration and tilt in cataract patients before and after mydriasis was good, with ICC range in 0.815-0.984, TRT<50% and CoV≤14.840%.The measurement repeatability of crystalline lens decentration was poor, and the measurement repeatability of decentration axis, tilt and tilt axis of crystalline lens, and the repeatability of decentration and tilt of IOL were good in both eyes, with ICC range in 0.757-0.998, TRT<50% and CoV≤17.763%.There were good correlations in decentration, decentration axis, tilt and tilt axis of crystalline lens and IOL between non-mydriatic and mydriatic conditions (all r≥0.679, all at P<0.01). Conclusions:The measurement repeatability of decentration axis, tilt and tilt axis of crystalline lens and IOL, as well as the decentration of IOL by CASIA2 before and after mydriasis is good.The correlations of the measured parameters before and after mydriasis are good.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930996

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the incidence, clinical features and genetic mutation profiles of neonatal intrahepatic cholestasis caused by citrin deficiency (NICCD) using screening strategy.Methods:From September 2015 to September 2020, neonates in Xuzhou area were prospectively screened for genetic metabolic diseases using tandem mass spectrometry. Suspected infants were further confirmed using urinary organic acid test and SLC25A13 gene mutation analysis. The clinical manifestations, biochemical and gene mutation results, treatment and prognosis of the confirmed cases were analyzed.Results:A total of 468,494 live-birth newborns were screened with 112 cases suspected and 95 cases received urinary organic acid test and SLC25A13 gene mutation analysis. 13 cases of NICCD were diagnosed with a prevalence of 1/36,038. Most confirmed cases presented with delayed disappearance of neonatal jaundice, feeding difficulties and poor weight gain. Biochemical changes included increased bile acid, abnormal liver enzymes, increased alpha-fetoprotein, hypoglycemia, decreased hemoglobin, abnormal coagulation function and increased blood ammonia. Tandem mass spectrometry showed increased citrulline, methionine, arginine, tyrosine and phenylalanine, and in some cases with slightly increased acylcarnitine. Urine organic acid analysis mainly showed increased 4-hydroxyphenyllactic acid and 4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate. All confirmed cases received genetic mutation tests and a total of 13 mutation loci were detected, including c.852_855delTATG, c.511dupG, c.1638_1660dup, IVS16ins3kb, c.1078C>T, c. 615+5G>A, c.742G>A, c.44G>A, c.1311+1G>A, c.1399C>T, c.889G>T, c.1177+1G>A, c.1841+3_1841+4del, among which, c.852_855delTATG was the most common one. A total of 5 novel mutation loci were discovered in this study with c.1841+3_1841+4del, c.511dupG and c.889G>T predicted as pathogenic variants. Special formula of lactose-free and fortified medium-chain triglyceride (MCT) were used in confirmed cases and most of the symptoms were relieved within 1 year and abnormal indicators significantly improved.Conclusions:The prevalence of NICCD in Xuzhou was 1/36,038. c.852_855delTATG mutation is the most frequent one. Five novel mutation loci are discovered, expanding the SLC25A13 gene mutation spectrum. Most infants with NICCD have a good prognosis, requiring early diagnosis, treatment and life-long follow-up.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930862

ABSTRACT

Objective:To realize the bacterial distribution and antibiotic resistance in children with severe pneumonia in this region.Methods:A total of 203 children with severe pneumonia diagnosed in Gansu Provincial People′s Hospital from April 2018 to March 2020 were divided into 0-1, 1-3, 3-7 and 7-14 years old groups.Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid was collected for bacterial culture and identification, and antibiotic susceptibility tests were performed.Results:The positive rate of pathogens was 69.5% (141/203), including 72.3% (102 strains) of Gram-negative bacteria and 30.5%(43 strains)of Gram-positive bacteria.The infection rates were highest in 0-1 years old group and the lowest in 7-14 years old group, which were 45.2%(19/42) and 16.9%(10/59), respectively.The infection rates of Haemophilus influenzae, Escherichia coli and Branhamella catarrhalis in the 1-3 years old group were 30.30%(10/33), 33.33% (11/33), and 21.21% (7/33), respectively, which showed significant differences compared with other groups( P<0.05). The infection rate of Streptococcus pneumoniae in the 0-1 years old group was 42.9%(18/42), which was significantly different compared with other groups ( P<0.001). The resistance rate of Haemophilus influenzae to trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole was 89.5%(34/38), and the Streptococcus pneumoniae to trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole and tetracycline were both 82.4%(28/34). The highest antibiotic resistance rate of Escherichia coli was 34.6%(9/26), and the Branhamella catarrhalis to clindamycin was 56.3%(9/16). Conclusion:The dominant bacteria for severe pneumonia in children are Haemophilus influenzae, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Escherichia coli and Branhamella catarrhalis.The bacterial infection rate is highest within 1 year old, but gradually decreases with the increase of age.Haemophilus influenzae and Streptococcus pneumoniae have severe resistance to several antibiotics.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930615

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the practical effects of perioperative diet optimization in pediatric fracture surgery, and explore the clinical efficacy and application value of circular management combined with diet optimization.Methods:Totally 76 children with selective fracture surgery were selected from May 2020 to October 2020 admitted to Wuxi 9th People′s Hospital Affiliated to Soochow University. They were divided into experimental group (38 cases) and control group (38 cases) by random number table method. Experimental group conducted circular management combined with diet optimization for nursing, while control group used only simple diet optimization management. The time and the amount of fasting before and after operation of two groups were recorded, and the compliances of two groups were evaluated according to the total amount of intake. The incidence of subjective adverse feelings, including hunger, thirst, dizziness, fatigue and nausea, were observed. And the satisfactions of patients with nursing management were also evaluated.Results:The preoperative fasting time, preoperative drinking prohibition time, postoperative diet recovery time were (8.25 ± 1.56), (2.76 ± 0.69), (1.17 ± 0.58) h in experimental group, and (9.79 ± 2.51), (3.47 ± 1.18), (1.50 ± 0.80) h in control group, and the differences were statistically significant ( t=-3.21, -3.17, -2.07, all P<0.05). The compliance rates to nursing and fasting before and after operation in control group were 57.9% (22/38), 65.8% (25/38), 76.3% (29/38) and 81.6% (31/38) respectively, which were significantly lower than all 100.0% (38/38) in experimental group ( P<0.05). During preoperative period (hunger), postoperative period when allowing intake (hunger, thirst, dizziness, feebleness) and 6 hours after intake (thirst, feebleness), the incidences of subjective adverse feelings in experimental group were statistically lower than those in control group ( Z values were -3.17- -1.97, all P<0.05). The satisfaction to dietary nursing management in experimental group was (93.82 ± 4.57) scores, which remained higher than (87.24 ± 6.65) scores in control group, and the difference was statistically significant ( t=5.03, P<0.01). Conclusions:Single perioperative diet optimization can easily be affected by the unstable clinical compliance of traumatic children, resulting in a low implementation rate. The combination of circular management and diet optimization can improve the intervention implementation and treatment compliance, shorten the time of diet prohibition, accelerate the postoperative recovery, and reduce the occurrence of perioperative adverse reactions.

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