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1.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 117(1): 108-117, July. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285219

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento As células progenitoras endoteliais (CPEs) desempenham um papel importante na manutenção da função endotelial. A síndrome metabólica (SM) está associada à disfunção das CPEs. Embora o exercício físico tenha um impacto benéfico na atividade das CPEs, seu mecanismo ainda não está completamente esclarecido. Objetivo O objetivo deste estudo é investigar os efeitos do exercício físico nas funções das CPEs e os mecanismos subjacentes em pacientes com SM. Métodos Os voluntários com SM foram divididos em grupo exercício (n=15) e grupo controle (n=15). Antes e após 8 semanas de treinamento físico, as CPEs foram isoladas do sangue periférico. Foram feitos o ensaio de unidades formadoras de colônias (UFC), o ensaio de formação de tubos, a expressão proteica do óxido nítrico sintase endotelial (eNOS), da fosfatidilinositol-3-quinase (PI3-K) e da proteína quinase B (AKT). Considerou-se um valor de probabilidade <0,05 para indicar significância estatística. Resultados Após 8 semanas, o número de UFCs aumentou significativamente no grupo exercício em comparação com o grupo controle (p<0,05). Além disso, observamos uma diminuição significativa do modelo de avaliação da homeostase da resistência à insulina (HOMA-IR), endotelina-1, proteína C reativa de alta sensibilidade e dos níveis de homocisteína no grupo exercício. A intervenção com exercícios também pode aumentar a capacidade de formação de tubos de CPEs e aumentar o nível de fosforilação de eNOS, PI3-K e AKT. Conclusão O exercício físico aprimorou as funções das CPEs. O mecanismo pode estar relacionado ao exercício, ativando a via PI3-K/AKT/eNOS.


Abstract Background Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) play an important role in maintaining endothelial function. Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is associated with EPC dysfunction. Although physical exercise has a beneficial impact on EPC activity, its mechanism is not completely clear yet. Objective The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of physical exercise on the functions of EPCs and the underlying mechanisms in patients with MetS. Methods Volunteers with MetS were divided into exercise group (n=15) and control group (n=15). Before and after 8 weeks exercise training, EPCs were isolated from peripheral blood. Colony forming unit (CFU) assay, tube-formation assay, the protein expression of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3-K) and protein kinase B (AKT) were determined. A probability value <0.05 was considered to indicate statistical significance. Results After 8 weeks, the number of CFUs was significantly increased in the exercise group compared to the control group (p<0.05). In addition, we observed a significant decrease of homeostasis model assessment for insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), endothelin-1, high-sensitive C-reactive protein, and homocysteine levels in the exercise group. Exercise intervention could also enhance tube-formation capacity of EPCs and increase phosphorylation level of eNOS, PI3-K and AKT. Conclusion Physical exercise enhanced the functions of EPCs. The mechanism may be related to exercise, activating the PI3-K/AKT/eNOS pathway.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878725

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the role of dual-layer detector energy spectral CT in resting myocardial perfusion imaging for patients with normal coronary artery. Methods One hundred and fifty-six patients with suspected coronary heart disease underwent dual-layer detector energy spectral CT coronary angiography,and resting myocardial perfusion imaging was performed for 28 patients with normal coronary artery.According to American Heart Association's 17-segmentmodel,the iodine density and effective atomic number(Z


Subject(s)
Computed Tomography Angiography , Coronary Angiography , Coronary Vessels/diagnostic imaging , Humans , Myocardial Perfusion Imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878539

ABSTRACT

Lignocellulose can be hydrolyzed by cellulase into fermentable sugars to produce hydrogen, ethanol, butanol and other biofuels with added value. Pretreatment is a critical step in biomass conversion, but also generates inhibitors with negative impacts on subsequent enzymatic hydrolysis and fermentation. Hence, pretreatment and detoxification methods are the basis of efficient biomass conversion. Commonly used pretreatment methods of lignocellulose are chemical and physic-chemical processes. Here, we introduce different inhibitors and their inhibitory mechanisms, and summarize various detoxification methods. Moreover, we propose research directions for detoxification of inhibitors generated during lignocellulose pretreatment.


Subject(s)
Biofuels , Biomass , Fermentation , Hydrolysis , Lignin/metabolism
4.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 806-813, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878036

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Mastectomy techniques have been extended to nipple-sparing mastectomy (NSM). This study aimed to assess the actual application of NSM in China and identify the factors influencing postoperative complications.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 615 patients (641 surgeries) undergoing NSM from January 1st, 2018 to December 31st, 2018 at 28 centers nationwide were retrospectively analyzed to obtain the rate of NSM and investigate factors related to NSM surgery.@*RESULTS@#The proportion of NSM surgery performed in this study was 2.67% (17/641). Malignant breast tumors accounted for the majority of NSM surgery (559/641, 87.2%). A total of 475 (77.3%) patients underwent NSM combined with reconstructive surgery. The rate of reconstruction decreased with age in our study, and implants were the most common option (344/641, 53.7%) in reconstruction. Radial incision was the most selected method regardless of reconstruction. However, for those who underwent reconstruction surgery, 18.4% (85/462) of cases also chose curvilinear incision, while in the simple NSM surgery group, more patients chose circumareolar incision (26/136, 19.1%). The tumor-to-nipple distance (TND) influenced postoperative complications (P = 0.004). There were no relationships between postoperative complications and tumor size, tumor location, histologic grade, molecular subtype, nipple discharge, and axillary lymph nodes.@*CONCLUSIONS@#NSM surgery is feasible and only TND influenced postoperative complications of NSM surgery. But the proportion of NSM surgery performed is still low in nationwide centers of China. The selection criteria for appropriate surgical methods are important for NSM in clinical practice. To optimize clinical applications of NSM, further multicenter prospective randomized controlled studies are needed.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#ChiCTR.org.cn, ChiCTR1900027423; http://www.chictr.org.cn/showprojen.aspx?proj=38739.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms/surgery , China , Humans , Mammaplasty , Mastectomy , Nipples/surgery , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877748

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION@#Primary healthcare providers play a crucial role in educating their patients on chronic disease self-management (CDSM). This study aims to evaluate CDSM competency and satisfaction in patients receiving their healthcare from public or private healthcare providers.@*METHODS@#A cross-sectional household study was conducted in a public housing estate using a standardised questionnaire to interview Singaporeans and permanent residents aged 40 years and above, who were diagnosed with at least 1 of these chronic diseases: hyperlipidaemia, hypertension or diabetes mellitus. CDSM competency was evaluated with the Partners In Health (PIH) scale and a knowledge based questionnaire. Satisfaction was evaluated using a satisfaction scale.@*RESULTS@#In general, the 420 respondents demonstrated good CDSM competency, with 314 followed up at polyclinics and 106 by general practitioners (GPs). There was no significant difference between patients of polyclinics and GPs in CDSM competency scores (mean PIH score 72.9 vs 75.1, P=0.563), hypertension knowledge scores (90.9 vs 85.4, P=0.16) and diabetes knowledge scores (84.3 vs 79.5, P=0.417), except for hyperlipidaemia knowledge scores (78.6 vs 84.7, P=0.043). However, respondents followed up by GPs had higher satisfaction rates than did those followed up at polyclinics (odds ratio 3.6, confidence interval 2.28-5.78). Favourable personality of the doctors and ideal consultation duration led to higher satisfaction in the GP setting. A longer waiting time led to lower satisfaction in the polyclinic group.@*CONCLUSION@#Polyclinics and GPs provide quality primary care as evidenced by high and comparable levels of CDSM competency. Redistribution of patients from public to private clinics may result in improvements in healthcare service quality.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877084

ABSTRACT

Objectives To study the effect of cadmium (Cd) on the proliferation and apoptosis of mouse spermatocyte (GC-2 spd) cells and explore the underlying molecular mechanism. Methods GC-2 spd cells were cultured with 0, 5, 10, 15, 20 and 30 μM CdCl2, respectively, for 24 hours. The cell viability and IC50 of Cd were estimated based on CCK-8 data. The apoptosis of GC-2 spd cells and cellular concentration of ROS were analyzed by flow cytometry after treatment of the cells with different concentrations of CdCl2 (0, 5, 10 μM) for 24 hours. The expression levels of JNK/c-Jun signaling pathway regulatory proteins, pro-apoptotic factor Bax and anti-apoptotic factor Bcl-2, were determined by Western blot. Results Cd inhibited the proliferation of GC-2 spd cells with IC50 value of 12.99 μM, 95% CI [11.95, 14.00]. Exposure to 5 and 10 μM CaCl2 resulted in increases in apoptosis and cellular ROS generation in a dose-dependent manner, which was statistically significant compared with the control (P 0.05), the phosphorylation level of JNK and c-Jun in Cd group was highly increased as compared to the control (P < 0.05). In addition, Cd exposure significantly increased the expression of Bax protein but decreased the expression Bcl-2 protein (P < 0.05). Conclusions Cadmium induces GC-2 spd cell apoptosis by increasing concentration of ROS and regulating the JNK/c-Jun signaling pathway.

7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 823-830, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876531

ABSTRACT

Drug-induced liver injury and herbal preparations containing pyrrolizidine alkaloid (PA) have gained global attention. The purpose of this research was to investigate the effects and mechanisms of Alismatis Rhizoma, a traditional Chinese medicine, to protect against acute liver injury in mice induced by senecionine (SEN), a representative toxic PA compound. All experiments were approved by the Animal Research Committee of Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine. Animal welfare and the animal experimental protocols were strictly consistent with related ethics regulations of Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine. Acute liver injury was induced by a single intragastric administration of SEN (50 mg·kg-1). Mice in the protection groups received intragastric administration of Alismatis Rhizoma water extract (WE, 18 g·kg-1 per day) or ethanol extract (EE, 18 g·kg-1 per day) 5 days before SEN treatment. The results show that Alismatis Rhizoma extracts can significantly attenuate acute liver injury in mice. Mice in the protection groups showed decreased serum activities of alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase, as well as decreased total bile acids. In addition, the infiltration of inflammatory cells, sinusoidal hemorrhage, and hepatic necrosis in SEN-treatment mice was clearly attenuated in the protection groups. Interestingly, EE showed a better effect than WE. The content of principal bile acids in serum and the mRNA and protein expression of key factors related to bile acid metabolism were also measured. Alismatis Rhizoma up-regulated the bile acid transporters and drug metabolism enzymes, consistent with the observed bile acid homeostasis and alleviation of SEN-induced injury to hepatocytes. The present study points to the possibility of utilizing Alismatis Rhizoma for protection against liver injury caused by drugs and preparations containing PA.

8.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 979-985, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876269

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the cost-utility of the pan-genotypic direct-acting antivirals (DAAs)in the treatment of patients with chronic hepatitis C infection ,and to provide pharmacoeconomic evidence for relevant health care decisions. METHODS:A Markov model was established from a societal perspective with newly diagnosed chronic hepatitis C patients in China as the target population ,and analyzed quality-adjusted life years (QALYs)and incremental cost-utility ratios (ICERs)of patients with chronic hepatitis C with sofosbuvir/velpatasvir ,glecaprevir/pibrentasvir,sofosbuvir+coblopasvir. Sensitivity analysis was used to verity the robustness of the results. RESULTS :Glecaprevir/pibrentasvir increased QALYs by 0.002 1 and costs by 25 021 RMB,compared to sofosbuvir/velpatasvir ;its ICERs was 12 129 031 yuan/QALY(willingness to pay threshold was 70 892 yuan/QALY),which had no cost-utility ;glecaprevir/pibrentasvir need to cut down the price by 64.65% to have cost-utility. Sofosbuvir+coblopasvir increased QALYs by 0.002 0 and saved costs by 515 yuan,so it was the optimal regimen which was cost-saving. Sensitivity analysis showed that SVR rates and drug prices were the most influential factors. The probability of having cost-utility for sofosbuvir+coblopasvir was higher than glecaprevir/pibrentasvir. CONCLUSIONS :Glecaprevir/pibrentasvir need to reduce the price to achieve better affordability. Sofosbuvir+coblopasvir shows economical advantage.

9.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 342-345, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875691

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate temporal trend in food supply among pilot schools involved in the National Nutrition Improvement Program for Rural Compulsory Education Students (NNIPRCES).@*Methods@#Ten percent of pilot schools were randomly selected and asked to report the information on food supplies. Daily intake of energy, carbohydrates and protein for each student were calculated and compared with the reference value in Nutrition Guidelines of School Meals (WS/T 554-2017).@*Results@#Energy and protein supply increased among those pilot schools. The supply of energy increased from 1 566.5 kcal in 2012 to 1 927.4 kcal in 2017, protein increased from 49.0 g to 61.0 g. The energy ratio of fat increased from 31.9% to 34.9%, while energy ratio of carbohydrate decreased significantly (F=83.38, 128.36, 20.27 and 17.28, all P<0.05). The proportion of reasonable energy supply from carbohydrate and fat in 2017 were 17.5% and 26.8%, respectively.@*Conclusion@#The supply of energy and macronutrients in the pilot areas were unreasonable, more measures including dietary guide and monitoring need to be adopted to improve students nutrition status among rural areas.

10.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 329-333, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875688

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate snack consumption and the influencing factors associated with student participation in the Nutrition Improvement Program, and to provide a scientific basis for improving the program.@*Methods@#Among the 50 monitoring counties that implemented the Compulsory Education Student Nutrition Improvement Program, two primary schools and two junior schools were randomly selected according to different food supply patterns (i.e., school, company, and mix). This study randomly selected one or two classes from each grade, which ranged from grade 3 to grade 9. A questionnaire, which addressed snack consumption and choice, was distributed to 27 374 students.@*Results@#The findings revealed that 14.0% of students from poor rural areas in central and western regions consumed snacks two or more times per day, and 21.6% of students spent 3 yuan or more on snacks each day. The top three choices of snacks included fruit and vegetables (50.6%), biscuits and bread (50.1%), and puffed food (40.0%). Students who had mothers who worked outside the home, parents who worked outside the home, who consumed corporate meals, and who had access to a small shop on campus were more likely to consume snacks one or more times per day(OR=1.35,1.19,1.11,1.51,P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#The phenomenon of snack consumption among primary and middle school students from poor rural areas in central and western regions is common, and the selection of unhealthy snacks was identified as a problem. A health education system with comprehensive support and guidance from individuals, families, schools, and society should be established to guide students to opt for healthier snacks.

11.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(5): e9700, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1180737

ABSTRACT

Lung adenocarcinomas are usually sensitive to radiation therapy, but some develop resistance. Radiation resistance can lead to poor patient prognosis. Studies have shown that lung adenocarcinoma cells (H1299 cells) can develop radioresistance through epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), and this process is regulated by miRNAs. However, it is unclear which miRNAs are involved in the process of EMT. In our present study, we found that miR-183 expression was increased in a radioresistant lung adenocarcinoma cell line (H1299R cells). We then explored the regulatory mechanism of miR-183 and found that it may be involved in the regulation of zinc finger E-box-binding homeobox 1 (ZEB1) expression and mediate EMT in lung adenocarcinoma cells. qPCR results showed that miR-183, ZEB1, and vimentin were highly expressed in H1299R cells, whereas no difference was observed in E-cadherin expression. Western blot results showed that ZEB1 and vimentin were highly expressed in H1299R cells, while E-cadherin expression was decreased. When miR-183 expression was inhibited in H1299R cells, radiation resistance, proliferation, and cell migration were decreased. The expression of ZEB1 and vimentin in H1299R cells was decreased, while the expression of E-cadherin was increased. Moreover, miR-183 overexpression in H1299 cells enhanced radiation resistance, proliferative capacity, and cell migration ability. The expression of ZEB1 and vimentin in H1299 cells was increased, while that of E-cadherin was decreased. In conclusion, miR-183 may promote EMT and radioresistance in H1299 cells, and targeting the miR-183-ZEB1 signaling pathway may be a promising approach for lung cancer treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , MicroRNAs/genetics , Adenocarcinoma of Lung/genetics , Adenocarcinoma of Lung/radiotherapy , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Lung Neoplasms/radiotherapy , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Cell Movement , Cell Line, Tumor , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862590

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the picky eating behavior among school-age children and to analyze its association with their health status, providing scientific basis for health promotion of school-age children in China.@*Methods@#A total of 796 students of grade 3 to grade 6 from two primary schools in Hongshan, Wuhan were selected through cluster sampling. Statistical analysis was conducted according to the results of the 3-day food record and questionnaire survey on children and their caregivers.@*Results@#In the current study, 40.58% of the children had picky eating problems, the incidence of picky eating behaviors of migrant children was higher than that of local children(χ2=3.92, P<0.05). Most of the picky eaters(23.87%) tended to reject vegetables. Compared to the others, picky eaters had lower intake of vitamin B 2 [(0.49±0.01)(0.46±0.01)mg] and vitamin C [(57.35±0.76)(54.32±0.90)mg] (t=2.03, 2.57, P<0.05) and had a higher risk of stunting(OR=1.42, P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#Picky eating behaviors are common among school-age children, which is significantly associated with stunting. Nutritional education for children (especially migrant children) are urgently needed to improve their dietary structure and promote healthy growth and development.

13.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1-8, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837706

ABSTRACT

@#AIM:To evaluate the repeatability and comparison of corneal visualization scheimpflug technology(Corvis ST)parameters in keratoconus eyes before and after accelerated transepithelial corneal cross-linking(ATE-CXL).<p>METHODS: Thirty eyes of 30 progressive keratoconus patients were included in the prospective study. Three repeated corneal biomechanical measurements were performed preoperatively and one month postoperatively by Corvis ST. The interclass correlation coefficient(ICC)and 95% confidence interval(<i>CI</i>), Cronbach'α, repeatability coefficient(RC), and coefficient of variation(CV)were used to evaluate the repeatability of Corvis ST parameters. Paired <i>t</i>-test or Wilcoxon rank test was used to evaluate the differences between preoperative and postoperative data.<p>RESULTS: At preoperative, 26 of 39(66.67%)parameters showed good to excellent repeatability, 6(15.38%)showed moderate, and 7(17.95%)showed poor repeatability. Similarly, 34(87.18%)parameters showed good to excellent repeatability, 3(7.69%)showed moderate, and 2(5.13%)showed poor repeatability after ATE-CXL. After ATE-CXL 1mo, the intraocular pressure(IOP), biomechanical corrected IOP(bIOP), first applanation time(A1T), Radius, deformation amplitude at the first applanation(A1DA), deflection length at the maximum deformation(HCDLL)and stiffness parameter at first applanation(SP A1)parameters increased, while the steep keratometry(Ks), flat keratometry(Kf), mean keratometry(Kmean), second applanation time(A2T), DA Ratio Max(2 mm)and integrated radius parameters decreased(all <i>P</i><0.05). <p>CONCLUSION:The repeatability of the Corvis ST parameters before and 1mo ATE-CXL follow up were both acceptable, and the corneal stiffness was improved after 1mo ATE-CXL.

14.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 327-332, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885500

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the association between platelet/lymphocyte ratio (PLR) and frequent peritoneal dialysis (PD) - associated peritonitis (PDAP) in PD patients.Methods:The data of PD patients with PDAP from Guizhou Provincial People's Hospital between January 2015 and June 2019 were analyzed retrospectively. The patients were divided into mono group (only once PDAP occurred in one year) and frequent group (2 or more PDAP occurred in one year) according to the frequency of PDAP. The demographic data including gender, age, height and weight, the clinical data including blood pressure, duration of PD, causes of peritonitis, the laboratory data at the first time of PDAP and the prognosis of PDAP were compared between two groups. Logistic regression analysis method was applied to analyze the relationship between PLR and frequent PDAP. The predictive power of PLR was evaluated by receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC).Results:A total of 78 PD patients with PDAP were enrolled, including 53 males and 25 females, with average age of 45.2 years. The total person-year was 765.1 person-years and the incidence of peritonitis was 0.10 case/person-year during the median follow-up of 16 months. All patients were divided into two groups: 53 patients in mono group and 25 patients in frequent group. Compared with mono group, the patients in frequent group had lower body mass index, longer dialysis duration, higher systolic blood pressure level, higher PLR level, lower uric acid level, and higher rate of drug-resistant bacteria in peritoneal effusion (all P<0.05). The extubation rate of the frequent group was 44.0%(11/25), which was significantly higher than that [15.1%(8/53)] of mono group ( P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that higher PLR level was an independent related factor for frequent PDAP( OR=1.006, 95% CI 1.002-1.010, P=0.003), and the area under the ROC curve of PLR was 0.783(95% CI 0.663-0.904, P<0.001). Conclusions:High PLR level is an independent related factor of frequent PDAP for PD patients, and PLR can be a potential predictor of frequent PDAP.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883277

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the short-term efficacy of totally laparoscopic distal gastrectomy (TLDG) after endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) versus direct TLDG for early gastric cancer.Methods:The propensity score matching and retrospective cohort study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 623 patients with early gastric cancer who were admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from March 2014 to December 2019 were collected. There were 405 males and 218 females, aged from 26 to 86 years, with a median age of 62 years. Of 623 patients, 25 cases undergoing TLDG after ESD were divided into ESD+TLDG group and 598 cases undergoing TLDG directly were divided into TLDG group. Observation indicators: (1) the propensity score matching conditions and comparison of general data between the two groups after propensity score matching; (2) intraoperative and postoperative situations of TLDG; (3) stratification analysis of the ESD+TLDG group. The propensity score matching was conducted by 1∶2 matching using the nearest neighbor method. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean±SD, and comparison between groups was done using the t test. Measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M (range) and comparison between groups was done using the Mann-Whitney U test. Count data were represented as absolute numbers, and comparison between groups was analyzed using the chi-square test or Fisher exact probability. Comparison of ordinal data between groups was analyzed using the Mann-Whitney U test. Results:(1) The propensity score matching conditions and comparison of general data between the two groups after propensity score matching: 75 of 623 patients had successful matching, including 25 in the ESD+TLDG group and 50 in the TLDG group. Before propensity score matching, the body mass index (BMI), cases with tumor diameter ≤20 mm, 21 to 30 mm or>30 mm, cases with tumor classified as stage Ⅰ, stage Ⅱ or stage Ⅲ of clinical staging were (22.3±3.6)kg/m 2, 16, 6, 3, 24, 1, 0 of the ESD+TLDG group, respectively, versus (24.3±2.7)kg/m 2, 238, 125, 235, 312, 126, 160 of the TLDG group, showing significant differences in the above indicators between the two groups ( t=2.744, Z=?2.834, ?4.209, P<0.05). After propensity score matching, the BMI, cases with tumor diameter ≤20 mm, 21 to 30 mm or >30 mm, cases with tumor classified as stage Ⅰ or stage Ⅱ of clinical staging were (22.3±3.6)kg/m 2, 16, 6, 3, 24, 1 of the ESD+TLDG group, versus (23.6±2.9)kg/m 2, 29, 12, 9, 48, 2 of the TLDG group, showing no significant difference between the two groups ( t=1.542, Z=?0.597, 0.000, P>0.05). (2) Intraoperative and postoperative situations of TLDG: after propensity score matching, the operation time and time to postoperative drainage tube removal were 180 minutes(range, 124 to 289 minutes) and 6 days(range, 4 to 13 days) of the ESD+TLDG group,respectively,versus 170 minutes(range, 106 to 250 minutes) and 6 days (range, 4 to 9 days) of the TLDG group, showing significant differences between the two groups ( Z=-2.396, -3.039, P<0.05). Cases with the volume of intraoperative blood loss <50 mL, 50 to 100 mL or >100 mL, the number of lymph node dissected, duration of postoperative hospital stay, cases with perioperative complications as incision fat liquefaction, delayed gastric emptying, anastomotic bleeding or pulmonary infection were 7, 9, 9,34(range, 16 to 58), 8 days(range, 6 to 31 days), 1, 1, 0, 0 of the ESD+TLDG group,respectively,versus 18, 26, 6, 39 (range, 22 to 68), 8 days (range, 6 to 29 days), 0, 0, 1, 1 of the TLDG group, showing no significant difference between the two groups ( Z=-1.703, -1.958, -1.139, χ2=0.033, P>0.05). Cases with anastomotic bleeding were recovered after hemostasis under endoscopy and cases with other perioperative complications were recovered after conservative treatment. (3) Stratification analysis of the ESD+TLDG group. ① For 5 cases undergoing TLDG ≤14 days after ESD and 20 cases undergoing TLDG >14 days after ESD, the operation time of TLDG, cases with the volume of intraoperative blood loss <50 mL, 50 to 100 mL or >100 mL during TLDG, the number of lymph node dissected, time to postoperative drainage tube removal, duration of postoperative hospital stay, cases with perioperative complications were 200 minutes(range, 170 to 289 minutes), 0, 3, 2, 36(range, 9 to 57), 7 days(range, 5 to 9 days), 8 days(range, 7 to 9 days), 1 and 180 minutes (range, 124 to 253 minutes), 8, 6, 6, 34(range, 8 to 78), 6 days(range, 4 to 13 days), 8 days(range, 6 to 31 days), 1, respectively, showing no significant difference in the operation time of TLDG, volume of intraoperative blood loss during TLDG, the number of lymph node dissected, time to postoperative tube removal and duration of postoperative hospital stay between the two groups ( Z=?1.536, ?1.993, ?0.238, ?0.932, ?0.589, P>0.05), and no significant difference in cases with perioperative complications between the two groups ( P>0.05). ② For 13 cases undergoing TLDG ≤21 days after ESD and cases undergoing TLDG >21 days after ESD, the operation time of TLDG, cases with the volume of intraoperative blood loss as <50 mL, 50 to 100 mL or >100 mL during TLDG, the number of lymph node dissected, time to postoperative drainage tube removal, duration of postoperative hospital stay, cases with perioperative complications were 200 minutes(range, 145 to 289 minutes), 2, 6, 5, 34(range, 8 to 57), 6 days(range, 4 to 11 days), 8 days(range, 6 to 11 days), 1 and 179 minutes(range, 124 to 240 minutes), 6, 3, 3, 34(range, 16 to 78), 6 days(range, 5 to 13 days), 8 days(range, 6 to 31 days), 1, respectively, showing a significant difference in the operation time of TLDG between the two groups ( Z=?2.241, P<0.05), while showing no significant difference in the volume of intraoperative blood loss during TLDG, the number of lymph node dissected, time to postoperative drainage tube removal, duration of postoperative hospital stay between the two groups ( Z=?1.471, ?0.163, ?0.084, ?0.194, P>0.05) and no significant difference in cases with perioperative complications between the two groups ( P>0.05). ③ For 15 cases undergoing TLDG ≤28 days after ESD and 10 cases undergoing TLDG >28 days after ESD, the operation time of TLDG, cases with the volume of intraoperative blood loss <50 mL, 50 to 100 mL or >100 mL during TLDG, the number of lymph node dissected, time to postoperative drainage tube removal, duration of postoperative hospital stay, cases with perioperative complications were 190 minutes (range, 145 to 289 minutes), 2, 7, 6, 33(range, 8 to 57), 6 days(range, 4 to 11 days), 8 days(range, 6 to 31 days), 1 and 179 minutes(range, 124 to 240 minutes), 6, 2, 2, 37(range, 16 to 78), 6 days (range, 5 to 13 days), 8 days(range, 6 to 14 days), 1, respectively, showing no significant difference in the operation time of TLDG, volume of intraoperative blood loss during TLDG, the number of lymph node dissected, time to postoperative tube removal and duration of postoperative hospital stay between the two groups ( Z=?1.619, ?2.000, ?0.667, ?0.370, ?0.057, P>0.05), and no significant difference in cases with perioperative complications between the two groups ( P>0.05). Conclusions:Compared with cases undergoing TLDG directly, the operation time to TLDG and time to drainage tube removal after TLDG for cases undergoing ESD+TLDG are prolonged, but there is no difference in the short-term efficacy. For cases undergoing TLDG ≤21 days after ESD and cases undergoing TLDG >21 days after ESD, there is a significant difference in the operation time of TLDG.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882962

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the clinical nursing practice of mitral valvuloplasty combined with coronary artery bypass grafting in a patient with hemophilia A who suffered acute mitral valve tendon rupture and coronary heart disease.Methods:Individualized care plans were developed for patients with hemophilia A who need mitral valvuloplasty and coronary artery bypass grafting. Nursing measures were conducted from anticoagulatiaon care, bleeding care, hypoxemia care, multimodal analgesic care, psychological care, discharge guidance and discharge follow-up.Results:After multidisciplinary comprehensive treatment and standardized, individualized nursing, the patient recovered well and discharged after surgery on the 13th day.Conclusions:Implement personalized anticoagulation programs and care for this patient's individual situation to ensure the patient's smooth perioperative period Effective implementation of various postoperative care measures to promote early recovery of patients and reduce the pain caused by the disease during their hospitalization, also to improve the patient's quality of life.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882873

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the characteristics of gonads, the incidence of gonadal tumors and the detection results of SRY gene and Y chromosome microdeletions in 45, X/46, XY chimeras. Methods:The medical records of 45, X/46, XY karyotype or its variant in Jiangxi Children′s Hospital from January 2013 to December 2019 were analyzed retrospectively and analyze the gonadal phenotype and oleculardetection of 45, X/46, YX karyotype.Results:Among the 30 patients with 45, X/46, XY karyotype or its variant, the age of treatment was under 18 years old, with 11 males and 19 females.Fourteen of the patients had undergone prophylactic gonadectomy.Six male cases of unilateral testis and contralateral striated gonads were detected.Pathological section suggested that the gonadal tissue contained testis and ovary in 3 cases, adrenal gland tissue with translocation in 2 cases, and bilateral striated gonad in 8 cases, and both sexes were female.Pathological section indicated that the gonad tissue contained both epididymis and ovary tissue in 1 case, and gonadoblastoma in 1 case.There were 1 case of ovarian dysplasia with granulomatous hyperplasia and 1 case with proliferative nevus cells (mixed nevus). No follicle was found in all patients with B-ultrasound and pathological sections.Among the 11 male children, 5 cases were positive by SRY gene detection.Seven cases by Y chromosome microdeletion detection displayed that 3 cases had partial Y chromosome deletion and 4 cases had no deletion; 10 cases among 19 cases of social gender female patients were detected by SRY gene detection and 9 cases were positive and 1 case was negative; 7 cases were detected by Y chromosome microdeletion and the results are 2 cases with Y chromosome partial deletion, 4 cases with Y chromosome no deletion and 1 case with Y chromosome whole deletion. Conclusions:Most patients with 45, X/46, XY chimera have abnormal gonadal tissue, which has the risk of gonadal tumor, especially among female patients.Most patients had positive SRY gene and had no or partial deletion of Y chromosome.In view of the increased risk of gonadal tumors in these patients, early prophylactic gonadectomy is recommended.

18.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1246-1260, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881196

ABSTRACT

Sulforaphane (SFN), a natural anti-tumor compound from cruciferous vegetables, has been reported to induce protective autophagy to cancer cells, which might impair the anti-tumor efficiency of SFN. However, the accurate function and mechanism of SFN inducing autophagy in cancers are still obscure, especially in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), one of malignancies with high incidence in North China. Here, we mainly explored the potential function of autophagy upon SFN treatment in ESCC and molecular mechanism. We demonstrated that SFN could inhibit cell proliferation and induce apoptosis by activating caspase pathway. Moreover, we found activation of NRF2 pathway by SFN was responsible for the induction of autophagy and also a disadvantage element to the anti-tumor effects of SFN on ESCC, indicating that SFN might induce protective autophagy in ESCC. We, therefore, investigated effects of autophagy inhibition on sensitivity of ESCC cells to SFN and found that chloroquine (CQ) could neutralize the activation of SFN on NRF2 and enhance the activation of SFN on caspase pathway, thus improved the anti-tumor efficiency of SFN on ESCC

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880104

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinicopathological features of intestinal diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL).@*METHODS@#The clinical features, pathological morphology, immunophenotype, and EBER in situ hybridization of 136 DLBCL patients diagnosed in Jinan People's Hospital Affiliated to Shandong First Medical University from January 2007 to October 2014 were analyzed retrospectively. A total of 136 DLBCL samples were obtained, the DLBCL sites were categorized as: duodenum (n=23), ileocecal region (n=63), other small intestine (n=29), rectum (n=7), and other large intestine (n=14). Survival curves for the DLBCL patients were plotted using the Kaplan-Meier method and judged by the Log-rank test.@*RESULTS@#Patients with DLBCL of the ileocecal region and other small intestine except duodenum were mainly male (P=0.042), and had a higher proportion of limited-stage tumors(P=0.015), and lower International Prognostic Index (IPI) (P=0.001). Patients with DLBCL of ileocecal region had higher incidence of lactate dehydrogenase elevation (P=0.007), and higher incidence of intestinal obstruction or perforation (P<0.001) than those with DLBCL of other regions. The 5-year overall survival and 5-year progression-free survival of patients with DLBCL in ileocecal and other small intestine sites were higher than those in other sites, but the differences were not statistically significant (P=0.135, 0.459). Fifty percent of intestinal DLBCL were germinal center B cell-like (GCB) subtypes. A low-grade B-cell lymphoma was found in 21% of 136 tumor samples. In ileocecal and other small intestinal specimens, the proportion of low-grade B-cell lymphoma was 29%, and the difference was statistically significant(P=0.025). About 16% of 136 DLBCL samples expressed follicular lymphoma while no mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma . The Epstein-Barr virus-encoded RNA-1 (EBER1) positive rate of duodenal DLBCL was significantly higher than that of other sites (5/23, 22% vs 2/63, 3%, P=0.001).@*CONCLUSION@#The intestinal DLBCL is commonly observed in male, and ileocecal is the most primary site. Patients with DLBCL of the ileocecal region and small intestine except duodenum have low IPI, high proportion of limited-stage tumors, low level of lactate dehydrogenase, high incidence of intestinal obstruction or perforation, and low incidence of inert lymphoma. The EBER1 positive rate of DLBCL in duodenal is higher.


Subject(s)
Epstein-Barr Virus Infections , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Humans , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse , Male , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
20.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 245-248, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873649

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the prevalence of sexual abuse among rural children and its association with family cohesion and adaptability, and to explore factors that may affect household functions of the victims.@*Methods@#A total of 1 666 rural middle school students in Hanchuan and Yunxi, Hubei were recruited with stratified cluster sampling method, multivariate Logistic regression was used to analyze associated factors of the household functions of the victims.@*Results@#A total of 175 (10.50%) reported non-contact sexual abuse and 44 (2.64%) reported contact sexual abuse. Compared with control group, sexual abuse victims reported lower scores of family cohesion (F=8.97,P<0.01) and adaptability (F=4.09,P=0.02). Among the victims, maternal absence was a risk factor for poor family cohesion(OR=0.20,P<0.01), higher parental educational level and appropriate parenting methods(P<0.05) were protective factors for family cohesion and family adaptability.@*Conclusion@#Household functions of children sexual abuse victims in rural areas are generally poor, especially for victims with mothers absence, low parental education and improper parenting style. More attention should be paid to such children to minimize the impact of negative events such as sexual abuse.

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