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1.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 142-145, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933525

ABSTRACT

A case of cicatricial female pattern hair loss was reported. A 36-year-old female patient presented with gradually aggravated hair loss for more than 10 years. Skin examination showed diffuse hair thinning on the scalp, thin and soft hairs, and some pencil eraser-sized areas of focal atrichia. TrichoScan examination revealed markedly decreased hair density on the forehead, variability in hair diameter greater than 20%, and increased proportions of vellus hairs. Dermoscopic examination showed increased numbers of vellus hairs, plenty of focal atrichia areas measuring 3 - 5 mm in diameter, loss of some follicular ostia, and confluent white dots. Histopathological examination of vertical and transverse scalp sections showed predominantly distributed miniaturized hair follicles with lichenoid folliculitis around the infundibulum and isthmus, concentrically layered perifollicular fibrosis, a marked decrease in the number of hair follicles compared with healthy people of the same age, increased proportions of vellus hairs, a large number of miniaturized hair follicles and follicular streamers, and formation of follicular micro-scars. The patient was diagnosed with cicatricial female pattern hair loss. She received topical treatment with 5% minoxidil liniment once a day, and alternate treatment with topical tacrolimus ointment and clobetasol propionate ointment, as well as oral spironolactone at a dose of 20 mg twice a day and compound glycyrrhizin capsules at a dose of 50 mg thrice a day. After half a year of treatment, there was no marked aggravation of hair loss, and the follow-up continued.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910442

ABSTRACT

The motion of the tumor limits further improvement in the accuracy of radiotherapy. Real-time monitoring and tracking of tumor location is an emerging technology to improve the accuracy of tumor radiotherapy. According to the adopted methods, it can be broadly divided into non-radiation-based and radiation-based systems. The former system includes ultrasound guidance, nuclear magnetic resonance guidance, electromagnetic tracking, optical image guidance, artificial intelligence-based technologies, and the latter system consists of KV, MV-grade X-ray imaging system and CT-based guidance system. In this review, research progresses on real-time tumor monitoring and tracking technology in radiotherapy, respective advantages and disadvantages and current clinical application were summarized.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910440

ABSTRACT

Extranodal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma (ENKTCL) is the subtype of non-Hodgkin lymphoma with high heterogeneity and invasiveness. Though most ENKTCL patients are present as early-stage at diagnosis, clinical prognosis significantly differs due to the limitations of clinical staging. Radiotherapy (RT) and chemotherapy (CT) are the first-line treatments for early ENKTCL patients. However, there is no consensus on the combined modalities of RT and CT, and their optimal strategy. With the continuous renewal of clinical staging and prognostic models, early-stage ENKTCL patients tend to accept risk-adapted treatment with proper stratification. In this review, the latest research progresses on clinical staging, prognostic models and treatment were retrospectively analyzed, aiming to provide references for clinical decision-making.

4.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 427-432, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907457

ABSTRACT

Varicose great saphenous vein is a common disease of vascular surgery. The treatment needs of a large number of patients and the progress of surgical techniques provide the necessity and feasibility for the active implementation of day surgery. Endovenous thermal closure techniques (laser closure and radiofrequency ablation) and non-thermal, non-tumescent techniques have the advantages of less trauma, faster recovery and fewer complications, and the effective rate and recurrence rate are not inferior to ligation and stripping. Sclerotherapy and phlebectomy are important auxiliary techniques.This paper analyzes and compares the technical characteristics and effectiveness of ambulatory surgeries for varicose great saphenous vein.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888019

ABSTRACT

To study the effect of anemoside B4 on rats with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).Seventy-two SD male rats were randomly divided into blank group and model group.The method of exposure to cigarette smoke and combined with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was used to replicate the rat model of COPD.After the model was maintained for 5 weeks,the rats were randomly divided into model group,dexamethasone group (0.81 mg·kg~(-1)) and anemoside B4 low,medium and high (2,4,8 mg·kg~(-1)) dose groups,a group of 12 animals were administered,and then the administration was started.The administration was maintained until the28th day,and the pulmonary function parameters of rats were measured by an animal pulmonary function instrument.After testing the rat lung function parameters,immediately draw rat alveolar lavage fluid (BALF),and use high-throughput protein chip technology to determined the expression levels of inflammatory cytokines in rat BALF.HE staining was used to observe the general pathological changes of rat lung and tracheal tissue.Masson staining was used to observe the collagen deposition in rat lung tissue.Real-time q PCR method was used to determine the mRNA expression level of related genes in rat lung tissue.Western blot method was used to determine the expression levels of related proteins in rat lung tissues.According to the findings,compared with the model group,the dexamethasone group and the anemoside B4 drug groups had different degrees of increase in the lung function parameters of rats (P<0.01,P<0.05),improved the expression level of inflammatory cytokines in the BALF of rats to varying degrees (P<0.01,P<0.05),and improved the pathological structure of rat lung tissue to varying degrees.Relative mRNA expressions of matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP-2),matrix metalloproteinase 12 (MMP-12),matrix metalloproteinase inhibitor 1 (TIMP-1),interleukin-6 (IL-6),and transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) were significantly reduced (P<0.01);whereas relative mRNA expressions of matrix metalloproteinase 9(MMP-9) and matrix metalloproteinase inhibitor 2 (TIMP-2) were increased significantly (P<0.01).The mRNA and protein expression levels of T-box transcription factor (T-bet),interleukin-12 (IL-12) and signal transducer and activator of transcription 4(STAT4) reduced to varying degrees (P<0.01,P<0.05).The mRNA of transcription factor GATA3 (binding protein-3),interleukin-4 (IL-4) and signal transducer and activator of transcription 6 (STAT6) in rat lung tissues and the protein expression levels of IL-4 and STAT6 were increased to varying degrees (P<0.01,P<0.05).In conclusion,anemoside B4 has a certain protective effect on COPD rats caused by cigarette smoke exposure and combined with LPS.The mechanism of action may be related to the regulation of IL-12/STAT4 and IL-4/STAT6 signaling pathways.


Subject(s)
Animals , Interleukin-12 , Interleukin-4 , Lung/metabolism , Male , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2 , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/genetics , Rats , STAT4 Transcription Factor/metabolism , STAT6 Transcription Factor/metabolism , Saponins
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878965

ABSTRACT

To systematically evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of Lianhua Qingwen in the treatment of adult pneumonia. The randomized controlled trial of Lianhua Qingwen combined with conventional Western medicine in the treatment of pneumonia were retrieved from PubMed, EMbase, Wanfang database, VIP database, and CNKI from the establishment of database to March 2020. Two researchers independently conducted literature screening and data extraction, and the third researcher was in charge of arbitration in case of any disagreement. Outcome indicators included total clinical effective rate, symptom improvement time, and incidence of adverse events. R 3.6.1 was used for Meta-analysis, and RevMan 5.3 was used for quality evaluation. Twenty-two studies were included, with a total of 2 007 patients, including 1 017 patients in the experimental group and 990 patients in the control group. The results showed that the total clinical effective rate of the experimental group was higher than that of the control group(RR=1.11, 95%CI[1.08, 1.15], P<0.001), and the antifebrile time(MD=-1.81, 95%CI[-2.42,-1.21], P<0.001), cough duration(MD=-2.32, 95%CI[-2.89,-1.76], P<0.001), rale duration(MD=-2.19, 95%CI[-2.74,-1.63], P<0.001), imaging recovery time(MD=-2.17, 95%CI[-2.76,-1.58], P<0.001) and post-treatment CRP(MD=-4.07, 95%CI[-6.39,-1.75], P<0.001] were all significantly lower than those of the control group. However, it did not proved that the experimental group was safer than the control group(RR=0.84, 95%CI[0.57, 1.24], P=0.382). The results confirmed that Lianhua Qingwen combined with conventional Western medicine in the treatment of pneumonia could improve the clinical treatment efficiency, shorten the time of fever, cough, rale disappearance and imaging recovery, improve CRP index and accelerate the recovery of pneumonia patients. However, the literatures included in this study had a low quality, and the conclusions still need to be further confirmed by more high-quality, multi-center, rigorously designed randomized controlled trial.


Subject(s)
Adult , Cough , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/adverse effects , Humans , Pneumonia/drug therapy , Treatment Outcome
7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 723-733, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876513

ABSTRACT

Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase 1 (IDO1) is the rate-limiting enzyme in the degradation of tryptophan to kynurenine. IDO1 is highly expressed in some tumor tissues. IDO1 can deplete tryptophan in tumor microenvironment, inhibit T cell function, and mediate the immune escape of tumor cells. Thus, IDO1 is considered a potential target of tumor immunotherapy. Currently, there are several IDO1 inhibitors in clinical research studies. The mechanism of IDO1-mediated tumor immune escape and the structure of IDO1 inhibitors are summarized in this review.

8.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 345-349, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883723

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the relationship between iodine and hypothyroidism.Methods:Patients with primary hypothyroidism (hypothyroidism group) and healthy people (control group) from Linfen City who first came to the Affiliated Hospital of Shanxi Institute for Endemic Disease Prevention and Treatment in 2017 and 2018 were selected as the research subjects. One random urine sample and fasting venous blood sample were collected from the research subjects. The levels of urinary iodine, blood iodine and serum total triiodothyronine (TT 3), total thyroxine (TT 4), free triiodothyronine (FT 3), free thyroxine (FT 4), thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), anti-thyroglobulin antibody (TgAb) and anti-thyroid peroxidase antibody (TPOAb) were detected. According to the results of TSH level, hypothyroidism group was divided into hypothyroidism Ⅰ group (TSH≥10.00 mU/L) and hypothyroidism Ⅱ group (4.20 mU/L < TSH < 10.00 mU/L), and they were compared with control group (0.27 mU/L≤TSH≤4.20 mU/L). Results:A total of 97, 96 and 175 research subjects were included in hypothyroidism Ⅰ group, hypothyroidism Ⅱ group and control group, respectively. There was no significant difference in urinary iodine levels among the three groups ( H = 0.631, P > 0.05). The blood iodine levels [(40.70 ± 21.08), (58.59 ± 14.55), (59.50 ± 11.89) μg/L] in the three groups were significantly different ( F = 50.559, P < 0.01), and the blood iodine level in hypothyroidismⅠgroup was lower than that in hypothyroidism Ⅱ group and control group ( P < 0.01). The levels of TT 3 [median (interquartile range): 1.59 (0.99, 2.05), 2.25 (1.98, 2.59), 2.14 (1.89, 2.49) nmol/L], TT 4 [35.18 (16.06, 70.23), 105.68 (83.38, 133.19), 107.18 (89.92, 128.30) nmol/L], FT 3 [3.48 (1.94, 4.52), 5.01 (4.57, 5.50), 5.02 (4.64, 5.55) pmol/L] and FT 4 [7.14 (3.12, 10.76), 15.31 (13.87, 17.11), 16.69 (14.87, 18.20) pmol/L] in the three groups were significantly different ( H = 66.197, 142.461, 94.508, 166.557, P < 0.01). After further pairwise comparison, the levels of TT 3, TT 4, FT 3, and FT 4 in hypothyroidism Ⅰ group were significantly lower than those in hypothyroidism Ⅱ group and control group ( P < 0.01). The levels of TgAb and TPOAb in the three groups were significantly different ( H = 85.507, 101.726, P < 0.01). After further pairwise comparison, the levels of TgAb and TPOAb in hypothyroidismⅠgroup were significantly higher than those in hypothyroidism Ⅱ group and control group ( P < 0.01); and the levels of TgAb and TPOAb in hypothyroidism Ⅱ group were significantly higher than those in control group ( P < 0.01). The correlation analysis showed that urinary iodine was positively correlated with blood iodine ( r = 0.170, P < 0.05); blood iodine was positively correlated with TT 3, TT 4, FT 3, and FT 4 levels ( r s = 0.484, 0.594, 0.383, 0.509, P < 0.01), and it was negatively correlated with TSH level ( r s = - 0.373, P < 0.01). Conclusion:Hypothyroidism patients with TSH≥10.00 mU/L may have low blood iodine level.

9.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1006-1011, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827170

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression and clinical significance of soluble B7-H3 (sB7-H3) in patients with secondary hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (sHLH).@*METHODS@#The plasma samples of 85 newly diagnosed sHLH patients from December 2012 to April 2018 were collected. The patients were divided into lymphoma-related HLH(LHLH)group and infection-related HLH(IHLH)group. The expression of sB7-H3 in plasma was detected by ELISA, and the clinical data were collected for analysis. Fifteen healthy people were chosen as control group.@*RESULTS@#The expression level of sB7-H3 in lymphoma-related HLH and infection-related HLH group significant increased as compared with the control group, (P<0.05), and the expression level of sB7-H3 in lymphoma-related HLH group was significant higher than that in infection-related HLH group [(35.75± 9.90) vs (28.70±8.95) ng/ml)] (P<0.001). There were no significant statistical difference in the expression of some clinical factors (including age, fever, splenomegaly, ANC, Plt, FIB, calcium ion, serum albumin, LDH, serum ferritin, sCD25) in lymphoma-related HLH and infection-related HLH group (P>0.05). The evaluation of expression and significance of sB7-H3 in sHLH by using ROC curve, showed that the area under ROC curve comparison of patients in lymphoma-related HLH group and infection-related HLH group was 0.718 (95% CI 0.610-0.810) (P=0.0002), and predicting the sensitivity and specificity of the lymphoma-related HLH patients were 77.36% and 59.38%, respectively. The best cut-off value of patients in sB7-H3 was 29.81 ng/ml, the overall survival time of sB7-H3 high-expression group (≥29.81 ng/ml) was significant shorter than that in low-expression group (<29.81 ng/ml) (24 vs 440 d) (P<0.001). The clinical factors affecting the survival status of sHLH patients were neutrophils, albumin, serum ferritin, serum calcium ions and sB7-H3 levels.@*CONCLUSION@#sB7-H3 associates with poor prognosis of sHLH patients, and may be involved in disease progression.


Subject(s)
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Humans , Lymphohistiocytosis, Hemophagocytic , Lymphoma , ROC Curve
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868628

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the diagnosis and treatment of cancer patients in the prefectural and municipal hospitals in Sichuan province during the outbreak of 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) epidemic, and analyze the impact of the epidemic on the hospitalization and treatment of cancer patients, aiming to provide reference for the diagnosis and treatment of cancer patients by medical institutions in different provinces.Methods:The prefectural and municipal hospitals in Sichuan province were investigated in the form of questionnaire.Results:A survey was conducted in 37 prefecture-level large and medium-sized hospitals in Sichuan province, of which Grade 3A hospitals accounted for 78.4%. Among the investigated hospitals, the hospitals whose hospitalization index of oncology patients and radiotherapy index of radiotherapy patients were< 1 after the first-class response were 83.7% and 93.1%, respectively. Hospitals with normal or delayed chemotherapy within one-week consisted of 54.1%, and 89.7% of the hospitals received normal radiotherapy or delayed radiotherapy within one-week after the Spring Festival. After the second-class response, the proportion of hospitals with oncology patients and radiotherapy patients that increased after the first-class response was 78.4% and 79.3%, respectively.Conclusions:Under the guidance of the State Council, the Sichuan Provincial Party Committee and the Provincial Government, Health Commission of Sichuan Province, and the municipal health commissions at various levels and under the joint efforts of medical institutions and front-line medical staff from Department of Oncology, a majority of cancer patients admitted to prefectural and municipal hospitals in Sichuan province can receive active and effective treatment during the outbreak of COVID-19 epidemic.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865357

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effects of miR-146a on human retinal endothelial cell (HREC) under high glucose condition.Methods:Total of 57 cases diagnosed as diabetic mellitus and 40 cases with diabetic retinopathy (DR) in Wuxi People's Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University from October to December 2013.Forty-one healthy volunteers were enrolled and served as control group.The clinical data and venous blood samples of subjects were collected.HRECs were cultured in normal glucose (5.5 mmol/L) or high glucose medium (30 mmol/L). Real-time PCR was used to detect the expression of miR-146a.The cultured HRECs were transfected with miR-146a mimic, mimic negative control, inhibitor and inhibitor negative control by lipofectamine2000, respectively.The expression of miR-146a and intercellular cell adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) mRNA was examined by real-time PCR and the expression of nuclear factor-кB (NF-кB) p65 and NF-кB p65 Ser536 was detected by Western blot assay. Results:The relative expression of miR-146a mRNA in the diabetic mellitus group and DR group was 0.36±0.08 and 0.27±0.08, respectively, which were significantly lower than 1.00±0.16 in the control group (both at P<0.01). The expression of miR-146a mRNA was 0.37±0.11 in the high glucose group, which was lower than 1.00±0.18 in the normal control group ( t=5.57, P<0.01). The relative expression of miR-146a mRNA in the miR-146a mimic group was 2 540.00±105.00, which was significantly higher than 61.00±17.90 in the miR-146a mimic control group; The relative expression of miR-146a mRNA in the miR-146a inhibitor group was 0.04±0.01, which was significantly lower than 0.88±0.04 in the miR-146a inhibitor control group ( t=23.23, 17.12; both at P<0.01). The relative expression of ICAM-1 mRNA in the miR-146a mimic group was 0.35±0.12, which was significantly lower than 1.00±0.13 in the miR-146a mimic control group; The relative expression of ICAM-1 mRNA in the miR-146a inhibitor group was 2.74±0.48, which was significantly higher than 1.00±0.16 in the miR-146a inhibitor control group ( t=3.58, 3.37; both at P<0.05). The relative expression of NF-кB p65 Ser536 in the miR-146a mimic group was 0.43±0.03, which was significantly lower than 1.07±0.09 in the miR-146a mimic control group ( t=6.74, P<0.01). The relative expression of NF-кB p65 Ser536 in the miR-146a inhibitor group was 2.08±0.12, which was significantly higher than 1.00±0.01 in the miR-146a inhibitor control group ( t=8.76; P<0.01). Conclusions:miR-146a can reduce inflammation of HREC in high glucose condition through inhibiting ICAM-1 expression and NF-кB phosphorylation.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864578

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of hand exercises on the complications and comfort of patients undergoing transradial coronary intervention.Methods:Using convenient sampling method, 354 patients with radial artery coronary artery therapy in the Department of Cardiology, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University from March 2018 to May 2019 were selected as the study subjects. The patients were randomly divided into control group (179 cases) and observation group (175 cases). Patients in the control group were given routine nursing care, while patients in the observation group were given hand exercises to increase patients ′ hand movement on the basis of routine nursing care. The degree of bleeding, pain, swelling, oxygen saturation and comfort of the next day were compared between the two groups. Result:The degree of swelling in the observation group at 8 hours after surgery was as follows: grade I 80.57% (141/175), grade Ⅱ 10.86% (19/175), grade Ⅲ5.71% (10/175), grade Ⅳ2.86% (5/175) and compared with the control group [grade I 54.75% (98/179), grade Ⅱ 23.46% (42/179), grade Ⅲ 12.85% (23/179), grade Ⅳ8.94% (16/179)], the differences were statistically significant ( χ2 value was 5.170, P <0.05); the pain level of patients in the observation group 8 hours after surgery was as follows: mild 83.43% (146/175), moderate 12.00% (21/175), severe 4.57% (8/175) and compared with the control group [mild 58.66% (105/179), moderate 31.28% (56/179), severe 10.06% (18/179)], the difference was statistically significant ( χ2 value was 50.20, P <0.05). The total comfort score of patients in the observation group (74.66 ± 5.52) early in the morning after surgery was significantly better than that in the control group (71.42 ± 5.29), and the difference was statistically significant ( t value was 5.636, P <0.05). Conclusions:Hand exercises can significantly reduce the incidence of complications such as swelling and pain after transradial coronary artery intervention, and increase the comfort of patients after operation. It is suitable for clinical nursing.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828013

ABSTRACT

The systematic breeding method was adopted to breed a new good cultivar of Curcuma longa, named "Chuanjianghuang 1". From 2014 to 2015, two consecutive years of multi-point test were carried out in Shuangliu, Chongzhou and Wenjiang. The biological characters, phenology, agronomic characters, yield and quality indexes of "Chuanjianghuang 1" were comprehensively evaluated. The results showed that compared with local traditional species, the rhizome yield of the new cultivar "Chuanjianghuang 1" increased by 20.61%.The average content of volatile oil was higher than 24.17% and the average content of curcumin in root tuber was higher than 26.62%. The yield of root tuber increased by 54.59%.The average content of volatile oil is higher than 36.28% and the average content of curcuminoids is higher than 25.31%. Compared with "Huangsi Yujin 1", "Chuanjianghuang 1" increased the average yield of rhizome by 123.68%,the volatile oil increased by an average of 7.69%and the curcumin content increased by an average of 58.23%. The average content of volatile oil is higher than 52.82% and the average content of curcuminoids in root tuber was higher than 38.34%. The new variety "Chuanjianghuang 1" has better yield than the local traditional species, and the internal quality of rhizome and root tuber is better. Compared with "Huangsi Yujin 1", the yield of rhizome is significantly increased, and the internal quality of rhizome and root tuber is better, especially the content of curcumin in rhizome and curcuminoids in root tuber is significantly higher than that of "Huangsi Yujin 1". "Chuanjianghuang 1" is high yield, good quality, good stability and strong adaptability, which is suitable for cultivation and promotion in Chengdu Jinma River Basin, such as Shuangliu, Chongzhou, Wenjiang.


Subject(s)
Breeding , Curcuma , Diarylheptanoids , Oils, Volatile , Rhizome
14.
International Eye Science ; (12): 966-969, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876791

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To explore the clinical effect of leizhumab combined with 577nm multi-point scanning matrix laser photocoagulation in the treatment of diabetic macular edema(DME).<p>METHODS:Totally 127 eyes of 94 patients(January 2017-June 2018)with DME were selected. According to the different treatment methods, RA group was divided into two groups. RA group was only treated with razumab group: the patients in this group were treated with razumab injection; RL group: razumab combined with 577nm multi-point scanning matrix laser group: the patients in this group were treated with razumab combined with 577nm multi-point scanning matrix laser photocoagulation. To observe the treatment effect of RA group and RL group 1mo after three times of leizhumab injection; to check the visual improvement of RA group and RL group before treatment and 1mo, 3mo and 6mo after three times of leizhumab injection; to detect the macular fovea thickness(CMT)of RA group and RL group by optical coherence tomography(OCT); to detect the retinal neogenesis by FFA Vascular leakage area and postoperative complications.<p>RESULTS: The effective rate(100%)of the patients in the combined group was higher than that in the single group(97%), but the difference was not statistically significant(<i>P</i>>0.05). Before treatment, the BCVA of the two groups of patients were 0.57±0.20 and 0.56±0.18(<i>P</i>>0.05). After completing three injections of ranibizumab, the BCVA of the single group of patients at 1, 3, and 6mo were 0.39±0.05, 0.23±0.06,0.18±0.05, the BCVA of the combined group were 0.28±0.08,0.18±0.07, 0.12±0.06, the BCVA of the combined group was better than the control group(<i>P</i><0.001). Before treatment, the CMT of the two groups of patients were 389±42.54 and 386±38.25, respectively(<i>P</i>>0.05).After completing three injections of ranibizumab, the CMT of the single group at 1, 3,and 6mo were 333.84±38.18, 297.12±27.10, 278.15±26.24μm, the CMT of the combined group were 315.04±39.07, 274.35±28.63, 253.65±25.91μm, the improvement of the CMT of the combined group was better than that of the single group(<i>P</i><0.001). Before treatment, the leakage area of retinal neovascularization in the two groups was 22.31±3.26 and 21.98±3.18mm2(<i>P</i>>0.05). After the injection of ranibizumab was completed 3 and 6mo, the single group leaked The areas were 18.34±2.19, 7.81±1.28mm2, and the leakage area of the combined group were 14.92±1.98, 5.39±1.42mm2, respectively(<i>P</i><0.001). Complications occurred in 3 eyes of a single group of patients and complications in 4 eyes of a combined group(<i>P</i>>0.05).<p>CONCLUSION: Leizhumab and 577nm multi-point scanning matrix laser photocoagulation are effective and safe in the treatment of DME patients, but the long-term effect of leizhumab combined with 577nm multi-point scanning matrix laser group is better than that of single line intravitreal injection of leizhumab.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872823

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the protective effect of Euphorbia helioscopia alcohol extract on lipopolysaccharide (LPS) -induced acute lung injury in mice and explore its possible mechanism. Method:The 50 Balb/c male mice were randomly divided into 5 groups, including normal group, model group, dexamethasone group (1.5 mg·kg-1), E. helioscopia alcohol extracts group (7.5,3.75 g·kg-1). Except for the normal group, the other groups used intranasal instillation of LPS to establish a model of acute lung injury in mice. The type and number of inflammatory cells in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) were detected by automatic blood analyzer and Wright-Giemsa composite staining. The lung tissue damage was observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. The contents of the inflammatory factors tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in BALF were detected by flow cytometry. The protein expressions of nuclear factor kappa-B p65(NF-κB p65), phospho-NF-κB p65 (p-NF-κB p65), inhibitor of NF-κBα (IκBα), phospho-IκBα (p-IκBα) in NF-κB pathway and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), phospho-JNK (p-JNK), p38 protein (p38), phospho-p38 (p-p38), extracellular regulated protein kinases (ERK1/2), phospho-ERK1/2 (p-ERK1/2) in mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway were determined by Western blot. Result:Compared with normal control group, the lung tissue of the model group showed obvious damage, in which a large number of inflammatory cells infiltrated, and the integrity of the alveoli was destroyed. Inflammatory factors TNF-α, IL-6 in BALF and p-NF-κB p65, p-JNK, p-p38, p-ERK protein expression levels in lung tissue were significantly increased (P<0.01). Compared with model group, the pathological damage of lung tissue in mice with high dose of E. helioscopia alcohol extract and dexamethasone positive group was significantly alleviated. The levels of TNF-α and IL-6 in BALF and the expression levels of p-NF-κB p65, p-JNK, p-p38 and p-ERK1/2 protein in lung tissue were significantly down-regulated (P<0.01). Conclusion:The E. helioscopia alcohol extract has a protective effect on LPS-induced acute lung injury in mice, its mechanism may be related to the regulation of the NF-κB/MAPK signaling pathway.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823930

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the inhibitory effect on Burkholderia pseudomallei (B. pseudomallei) strain HNBP001 of a bacillomycin D-like cyclic lipopeptide compound named bacillomycin DC isolated from Bacillus amyloliquefaciens HAB-2. Methods: The antibacterial effect of bacillomycin DC on B. pseudomallei was determined using the disk diffusion method. The minimum inhibitory concentrations were evaluated by microdilution assay. In addition, transmission electron microscopy was performed and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction assay was carried out to determine the expression of MexB, OprD2, and qnrS genes. Results: Bacillomycin DC produced an inhibition zone against B. pseudomallei with minimum inhibitory concentration values of 12.5 μg/mL 24 h after treatment and 50 μg/mL at 48 and 72 h. Transmission electron microscopy showed that bacillomycin DC resulted in roughening cell surface and cell membrane damage. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction analysis showed low expression of MexB, OprD2 and qnrS genes. Conclusions: Bacillomycin DC inhibits the growth of B. pseudomallei and can be a new candidate for antimicrobial agents of B. pseudomallei.

17.
International Eye Science ; (12): 966-969, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821566

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To explore the clinical effect of leizhumab combined with 577nm multi-point scanning matrix laser photocoagulation in the treatment of diabetic macular edema(DME).<p>METHODS:Totally 127 eyes of 94 patients(January 2017-June 2018)with DME were selected. According to the different treatment methods, RA group was divided into two groups. RA group was only treated with razumab group: the patients in this group were treated with razumab injection; RL group: razumab combined with 577nm multi-point scanning matrix laser group: the patients in this group were treated with razumab combined with 577nm multi-point scanning matrix laser photocoagulation. To observe the treatment effect of RA group and RL group 1mo after three times of leizhumab injection; to check the visual improvement of RA group and RL group before treatment and 1mo, 3mo and 6mo after three times of leizhumab injection; to detect the macular fovea thickness(CMT)of RA group and RL group by optical coherence tomography(OCT); to detect the retinal neogenesis by FFA Vascular leakage area and postoperative complications.<p>RESULTS: The effective rate(100%)of the patients in the combined group was higher than that in the single group(97%), but the difference was not statistically significant(<i>P</i>>0.05). Before treatment, the BCVA of the two groups of patients were 0.57±0.20 and 0.56±0.18(<i>P</i>>0.05). After completing three injections of ranibizumab, the BCVA of the single group of patients at 1, 3, and 6mo were 0.39±0.05, 0.23±0.06,0.18±0.05, the BCVA of the combined group were 0.28±0.08,0.18±0.07, 0.12±0.06, the BCVA of the combined group was better than the control group(<i>P</i><0.001). Before treatment, the CMT of the two groups of patients were 389±42.54 and 386±38.25, respectively(<i>P</i>>0.05).After completing three injections of ranibizumab, the CMT of the single group at 1, 3,and 6mo were 333.84±38.18, 297.12±27.10, 278.15±26.24μm, the CMT of the combined group were 315.04±39.07, 274.35±28.63, 253.65±25.91μm, the improvement of the CMT of the combined group was better than that of the single group(<i>P</i><0.001). Before treatment, the leakage area of retinal neovascularization in the two groups was 22.31±3.26 and 21.98±3.18mm2(<i>P</i>>0.05). After the injection of ranibizumab was completed 3 and 6mo, the single group leaked The areas were 18.34±2.19, 7.81±1.28mm2, and the leakage area of the combined group were 14.92±1.98, 5.39±1.42mm2, respectively(<i>P</i><0.001). Complications occurred in 3 eyes of a single group of patients and complications in 4 eyes of a combined group(<i>P</i>>0.05).<p>CONCLUSION: Leizhumab and 577nm multi-point scanning matrix laser photocoagulation are effective and safe in the treatment of DME patients, but the long-term effect of leizhumab combined with 577nm multi-point scanning matrix laser group is better than that of single line intravitreal injection of leizhumab.

18.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 356-359, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870279

ABSTRACT

A case of fibrosing alopecia in a pattern distribution (FAPD) and its clinicopathological, dermoscopic and TrichoScan features were reported to improve the understanding of FAPD. A 23-year-old male patient presented with progressive hair loss on the forehead and top of the head for 10 years, local hair thinning and softening, and occasional scalp itching. Skin examination showed diffuse sparseness of hair from the forehead to the top of the head, frontal hairline recession, focal thinning and softening of hair, some follicular keratotic papules and perifollicular erythema on the alopecic area, with no obvious scales. TrichoScan examination revealed markedly decreased hair density and increased proportions of vellus hairs. Dermoscopy showed loss of some follicular ostia and confluent white dots. Histopathological examination of the scalp showed lichenoid lymphocytic infiltration around the infundibulum and isthmus of hair follicles, concentrically layered perifollicular fibrosis, hair follicle destruction, formation of follicular micro-scars, markedly increased variation in the diameter of residual follicles, and some vellus hairs. The patient was diagnosed with FAPD. FAPD is easily misdiagnosed as androgenetic alopecia, and early diagnosis and treatment are needed.

19.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1406-1413, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771218

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The long-term predicted value of microvolt T-wave alternans (MTWA) for ventricular tachyarrhythmia in patients with arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) remains unclear. Our study explored the characteristics of MTWA and its prognostic value when combined with an electrophysiologic study (EPS) in patients with ARVC.@*METHODS@#All patients underwent non-invasive MTWA examination with modified moving average (MMA) analysis and an EPS. A positive event was defined as the first occurrence of sudden cardiac death, documented sustained ventricular tachycardia (VT), ventricular fibrillation, or the administration of appropriate implantable cardioverter defibrillator therapy including shock or anti-tachycardia pacing.@*RESULTS@#Thirty-five patients with ARVC (age 38.6 ± 11.0 years; 28 males) with preserved left ventricular (LV) function were recruited. The maximal TWA value (MaxValt) was 17.0 (11.0-27.0) μV. Sustained VT was induced in 22 patients by the EPS. During a median follow-up of 99.9 ± 7.7 months, 15 patients had positive clinical events. When inducible VT was combined with the MaxValt, the area under the curve improved from 0.739 to 0.797. The receiver operating characteristic curve showed that a MaxValt of 23.5 μV was the optimal cutoff value to identify positive events. The multivariate Cox regression model for survival showed that MTWA (MaxValt, hazard ratio [HR], 1.06; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.01-1.11; P = 0.01) and inducible VT (HR, 5.98; 95% CI, 1.33-26.8; P = 0.01) independently predicted positive events in patients with ARVC.@*CONCLUSIONS@#MTWA assessment with MMA analysis complemented by an EPS might provide improved prognostic ability in patients with ARVC with preserved LV function during long-term follow-up.


Subject(s)
Adult , Arrhythmias, Cardiac , Diagnosis , Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Dysplasia , Diagnosis , Electrocardiography , Methods , Electrophysiology , Methods , Exercise Test , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Tachycardia, Ventricular , Diagnosis , Ventricular Function, Left , Physiology
20.
International Eye Science ; (12): 320-322, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713024

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To investigate the efficacy and safety of intravitreal injection of Conbercept ophthalmic injection(COI)combined with photocoagulation in elderly patients with diabetic macular edema(DME)in order to provide a reference for clinical practice. <p>METHODS: In the DME patients admitted to our hospital in August 2016 to June 2018, according to whether the patients were treated with photocoagulation treatment or not, the patients was divided into observation group(photocoagulation treatment combined with COI)in 55 cases of 55 eyes and control group(photocoagulation treatment without COI)in 50 cases, 50 eyes. The clinical outcomes of the two groups after surgery included the best corrected visual acuity(BCVA), foveal retinal thickness(CMT), intraocular pressure and visual field, 30° visual field average light threshold sensitivity, and visual field mean defect value.<p>RESULTS: There was no significant difference in the general data between the two groups(<i>P</i>>0.05). There were statistically significant differences on BCVA(0.63±0.13 <i>vs</i> 0.76±0.19; <i>t</i>=4.123, <i>P</i><0.001), CMT(305.89±58.76 <i>vs</i> 340.26±60.41μm; <i>t</i>=2.954, <i>P</i>=0.004)between observation group and control group, but there was no significant difference between the two groups in the intraocular pressure(12.11±1.82 <i>vs</i> 12.24±1.59mmHg; <i>t</i>=0.389, <i>P</i>=0.700). The value of visual field and the mean visual field defect of the observation group were significantly lower than those of the control group at 1mo after operation(<i>P</i><0.001). The average light threshold sensitivity of the observation group was significantly higher at 30° 1mo after operation than that of the control group, the difference was statistically significant(<i>P</i><0.001). <p>CONCLUSION: Conbercept ophthalmic injection combined with photocoagulation can improve the efficacy and safety of the treatment for diabetic macular edema in diabetic macular edema patients.

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