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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920792

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prevalence and risk factors of injury among both primary and middle school students in Changning District, Shanghai, and to provide evidence for injury prevention. Methods In 2018, data of basic characteristics and injury-related factors were obtained through field questionnaire survey among the selected primary and middle schools (2 of each). Results The study finally included 1 821 students, with injury incidence rate of 30.1%. Among them, the injury incidence rate for the primary schools was 32.0%, and 28.8% for the middle schools. The top three injury types were falls, sharps injuries, and blunt injuries. Age, gender, myopia, and injury-related knowledge/behaviors were significantly related to injury incidence. Conclusion Falls should still be the priority of injury prevention for primary/middle school students in Changning District. The effect of reducing injuries can be achieved by improving health education about injury-related knowledge/behaviors.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884342

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the efficacy of anhydrous ethanol and lauromacrogol in the treatment of ovarian endometriosis cyst (OEC), and to provide evidence for more effective use of these two sclerotic drugs.Methods:Thirty-three cysts in 30 patients with OEC, who were admitted to Taizhou Hospital of Zhejiang Province from February 2017 to June 2018, were treated by ultrasound interventional therapy, followed by catheter aspiration, saline cavity cleaning, anhydrous ethanol rinsing and sclerotherapy, and lauromacrogol alcohol 1∶1 mixed solution retained in the capsule (mixed group). The therapeutic effects were observed 6 and 12 months after operation. A total of 30 OEC in 28 cases admitted to the same hospital from 2013 to 2015 were retrospectively analyzed after similar treatment steps, but the intracapsular retention fluid was anhydrous ethanol (ethanol group). A total of 28 OEC in 26 patients admitted to the same hospital from 2015 to 2017 were washed with normal saline, then washed with lauromacrogol and retained in the capsule with lauromacrogol (lauromacrogol group). The therapeutic effects of 6 and 12 months after treatment between the three groups were compared.Results:According to the classification of cure, marked effect and inefficacy, there was a weak correlation among the three groups. The mixed group did not tend to be ineffective, while the lauromacrogol group tended to be ineffective 6 and 12 months after treatmen.the difference was statistically significant (adjusted standardized residual >2). According to the total effective (cure+ markedly effective) and ineffective classification, the effective rate of the mixed group was significantly higher than that of the lauromacrogol group ( P<0.016 7). There was no significant difference for the effective rate between the mixed group and the ethanol group, and between the ethanol group and the lauromacrogol group ( P>0.0167). Conclusions:The retention of ethanol-lauromacrogol mixture in the capsule of sclerotic OEC, after pre-rinsing with anhydrous ethanol is helpful to improve the curative effect of OEC and give full play to the therapeutic effect of common sclerosing agents used in ultrasound intervention.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883302

ABSTRACT

Dry eye is a common, highly prevalent and multifactorial ocular disease.Severe dry eye not only has a serious impact on the patient's work performance and quality of life, but also increases the risk of other ocular disease complications.Due to its complex pathogenesis and prolonged treatment cycle, dry eye has become an important social and public health problem.Traditional dry eye drugs can usually alleviate, but not completely eliminate, the symptoms of dry eye, and are far from meeting current clinical demands.Newly marketed domestic and foreign anti-inflammatory drugs that inhibit T cell function as well as drugs that promote tear secretion represent, to some extent, the rapid progress of dry eye drug research.Even so, the overall state of clinical dry eye management has not been significantly improved.Dry eye treatment still faces great challenges; a huge gap exists between clinical needs and the development of new drugs.Insightful research on the pathogenesis of dry eye is the basis for identifying new pharmatheutical targets.Progress in the research and development of dry eye drugs brings about new options for treatment strategies.Ophthalmologists should keep updated to the research progress in dry eye and to the mechanism of actions of new drugs in order to better serve dry eye patients.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882998

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the current status of cognitive frailty among elderly patients in Urumqi and to identify its influencing factors.Methods:From March to December 2019, the elderly from 3 tertiary hospitals′ geriatrics centers in Urumqi were recruited using the general information questionnaire, FRAIL Scale, Montreal Cognitive Assessment and Clinical Dementia Rating.Results:A total of 1 006 elderly patients were surveyed, among which, 131(13.0%) cases were deemed to have developed cognitive frailty. The results of multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that age, depression, Instrumental Activities of Daily Living Scale score and diabetes were influencing factors of cognitive frailty ( P<0.001). Conclusion:The prevalence rate of cognitive frailty in elderly patients is relatively high. Medical staff should attach great importance to the assessment of cognitive frailty in elderly patients and take targeted intervention in time to prevent, slow down or reverse the onset and development of cognitive frailty.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-847213

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Researchers believe that hydrogen sulfide (H2S), as an important cell protective molecule, may become a new treatment method to restore the physiological function of diseased cells or organ systems through the artificial regulation of endogenous H2S biosynthesis or in vitro administration of H2S donor. ADT-OH is a slow-release donor of H2S that can improve the survival rate of hippocampal nerve cells with glutamate-induced injury, but studies on the proliferation of cerebral cortical neural precursor cells are rare. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of ADT-OH on the proliferation of neural precursor cells in embryonic cerebral cortex. METHODS: Neural precursor cells from cerebral cortical ventricular zone and subventricular zone of embryonic mice at embryonic 14.5 days were isolated. Neural precursor cells from one fetal mouse were inoculated into one well (24-well plate), and cultured with the medium containing 100 μmol/L ADT-OH. The size and number of neural spheres per well were measured at 3 days after culture. The proliferation rate of cultured neural precursor cells was detected by BrdU labeling. The proliferation of the cells was further verified by immunofluorescence staining with the specific antibody Ki67. The expression of cyclin D1 was finally detected by western blot assay. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Our experimental results showed that ADT-OH could promote the formation of neural spheres, and further detection by BrdU and Ki67 antibody showed that ADT-OH could promote the proliferation rate of neural precursor cells. Meanwhile, the expression of cyclin D1, a proliferation-related gene, was up-regulated in neural precursor cells after ADT-OH treatment. Overall, ADT-OH may promote the proliferation of neural precursor cells by regulating the expression of cyclin D1.

6.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 842-846, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910926

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate whether peritoneal dialysis can replace hemodialysis as an option for urgent-start dialysis for elderly patients with end-stage renal disease who need emergency initial dialysis.Methods:This was a retrospective cohort study, with enrolment of patients ≥65 years with end-stage renal disease who started hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis for the first time at the nephrology department of our hospital between January 1, 2013 and June 1, 2019 and were followed up regularly.All patients started dialysis within 5 days of catheterization.According to different dialysis methods, patients were divided into the urgent-start hemodialysis(USHD)group and the urgent-start peritoneal dialysis(USPD)group, and were followed up until December 31, 2019.Short-term(30 days after the procedure)dialysis-related complications and survival were compared between the two groups.Results:A total of 89 elderly patients with end-stage renal disease receiving urgent-start dialysis were included, with 40 cases in the USPD group and 49 cases in the USHD group.There was no significant difference in the incidences of infection-related complications(0.0% vs.2.5%), non-infection-related complications(2.0% vs.2.5%), re-catheterization(0 vs.0)and bacteremia(0 vs.0)between the two groups( P> 0.05). The Kaplan-Meier survival curve showed that the median survival times of patients with USHD and with USPD were 63.0 months and 38.0 months, respectively, with no statistical significance(Log Rank, χ2=0.025, P=0.88). The Charlson comorbidity index( HR: 1.205, 95% CI: 1.026-1.415, P=0.023)and albumin level( HR: 0.949, 95% CI: 0.903-0.997, P=0.037)were independent risk factors for the survival and prognosis of elderly patients with urgent-start dialysis.Furthermore, we stratified and made an interactive analysis of the albumin level and the comorbidity index of elderly patients with urgent-start dialysis and found that there was no significant difference between the two modes of dialysis in the survival rate of elderly patients with end-stage renal disease( P>0.05). Conclusions:It is safe and effective to start dialysis within 5 days after peritoneal dialysis catheterization.For elderly patients with end-stage renal disease, peritoneal dialysis can replace hemodialysis as an option for urgent-start dialysis.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907811

ABSTRACT

Objective:To estimate and analyze the occurrence of post-thyroidectomy syndrome (PTS) following endoscopic thyroidectomy via areola approach (ETAA) vs open thyroidectomy (OT) .Methods:Data of 903 consecutive cases, aged from 20 to 66 with 231 males and 672 females, in Department of General Surgery, Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, from Jan. 2016 to Dec. 2017 were analyzed retrospectively. They were enrolled according to the same criteria. Based on different procedures, the cases were divided into ETAA group (n=162) and OT group (n=741) . Intraoperative procedure was according to unified principle. Drainage tube was removed if 24-hour drainage volume was less than 20 ml. Following-up was implemented by telephone or outpatient clinic. Data of 2 groups of 5 PTS items during 1 m, 3 m, 6 m and 1 y postoperatively and the scores of the medical outcomes study short form 36-item health survey (SF-36) V2 were analyzed by independent sample t test and repeated measures analysis of variance. Results:The patients of 2 groups were all followed up for more than 1 y with 43 cases censored (4.8%) . Demographic data of the rest of 2 groups were not different statistically ( P>0.05) . Median of every phase scores of the 5 items of PTS were 0 to 1. Scores of the 5 items were decreased gradually in accordance with time factor ( P=0.000) . The scores of peculiar feeling at the surgical site and discomfort in neck were different statistically during 1 m and 3 m postoperatively ( P=0.000) . Incidence of peculiar feeling at the surgical site in 1 m and 3 m postoperatively in ETAA group (54, 38.8% and 8, 5.8%) was higher than that in OT group (153, 21.2% and 20, 2.8%) . However, incidence of discomfort in neck in ETAA group (14, 10.1% and 0) was lower than in OT group (194, 26.9% and 53, 7.4%) . The other 3 items at all phases were not different statistically ( P>0.05) . The SF-36 V2 scores at 1 y postoperatively of 2 groups were not different statistically ( P=0.458) . Conclusions:PTS is a common symptom after OT or ETAA. It is frequent within early phase after thyroidectomy and is decreased significantly within 6 m. Peculiar feeling at the surgical site occurs less in OT than in ETAA in early postoperative phase and discomfort in neck occurs more, conversely.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906084

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the protective effect of the Wenyang Huoxue Huatan prescription (WYHXHT) on cardiotoxicity induced by adriamycin. Method:SD rats were randomly divided into the following six groups: a normal control group, an adriamycin model group, a low-dose (4.86 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) WYHXHT group, a middle-dose (9.72 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) WYHXHT group, a high-dose (19.44 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) WYHXHT group, and a dexrazoxane group. Except for the normal control group, the rats in other groups received intraperitoneal injection of 2.5 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup> adriamycin, once a week for six weeks, with a cumulative dose of 15 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>. The normal control group, the adriamycin model group, and the dexrazoxane group received 10 mL·kg<sup>-1</sup> normal saline daily by gavage. In the dexrazoxane group, the rats were subjected to intraperitoneal injection of 25 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup> dexrazoxane 30 min before doxorubicin administration, once a week for six weeks. The general condition of rats was observed and their body weight was monitored. A high-resolution micro-ultrasound imaging system was used to detect rat cardiac function. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was performed to observe the pathological changes of myocardial tissues of rats. Western blot was used to detect the protein expression of microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3) Ⅱ, the mammalian homolog of yeast Atg6 (Beclin-1), and p62 protein in rat myocardial tissues. Result:Compared with the normal control group, rats in the adriamycin model group showed dull fur, reduced food intake and activity, loose stool, low energy, and slow response. Besides, it also displayed reduced body weight (<italic>P</italic><0.01), decreased left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and left ventricular fractional shortening (LVFS) (<italic>P</italic><0.01), myocardial cell degeneration, edema, rupture, and dissolution, expansion of myocardial interstitium, uneven staining of myocardial fiber, visible inflammatory cell infiltration, up-regulated expression of Beclin-1 and LC3Ⅱ in rat myocardial tissues (<italic>P</italic><0.01), and down-regulated p62 expression (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the adriamycin model group, the medium- and high-dose WYHXHT groups exhibited increased body weight, LVEF, and LVFS (<italic>P</italic><0.01), relieved pathological injury of myocardial tissues, down-regulated expression of LC3Ⅱ and Beclin-1 (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01), and up-regulated expression of p62 (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:WYHXHT can effectively prevent and treat adriamycin-induced cardiotoxicity, and its effect may be related to the inhibition of myocardial cell autophagy. The effect is dominant in the high-dose group.

9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-903043

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#This study is designed to estimate appropriate intervention thresholds for the Philippines Fracture Risk Assessment Tool (FRAX) model to identify postmenopausal women with high fracture risk. @*Methods@#Age dependent intervention thresholds were calculated for a woman of body mass index 25 kg/m2 aged 50e80 years with a previous fragility fracture without other clinical risk factors. Fixed thresholds were developed using a database of 1546 postmenopausal women who underwent dualenergy X-ray absorptiometry for clinical reasons. Major and hip fracture risks were estimated using clinical risk factors with and without bone mineral density (BMD) input. Women were categorized to high risk and low risk groups according to the age dependent thresholds. The best cut-points were determined considering the optimum sensitivity and specificity using receiver operating characteristic analysis. @*Results@#The age dependent intervention thresholds of major fracture risk ranged from 2.8 to 6.9% while hip fracture risk ranged from 0.4 to 3.0% between 50 and 80 years of age. Major fracture threshold of 3.75% and hip fracture threshold of 1.25% were the best fixed thresholds observed and non-inclusion BMD in the fracture risk estimations did not change the values. As a hybrid method, 3% major fracture and 1% hip fracture risks for those < 70 years old and age-dependent thresholds for those aged 70 years and above can be recommended. @*Conclusions@#The intervention thresholds estimated in the current study can be applied to identify Filipino postmenopausal women with a high fracture risk. Clinicians should decide on the type of thresholds most appropriate.

10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-895339

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#This study is designed to estimate appropriate intervention thresholds for the Philippines Fracture Risk Assessment Tool (FRAX) model to identify postmenopausal women with high fracture risk. @*Methods@#Age dependent intervention thresholds were calculated for a woman of body mass index 25 kg/m2 aged 50e80 years with a previous fragility fracture without other clinical risk factors. Fixed thresholds were developed using a database of 1546 postmenopausal women who underwent dualenergy X-ray absorptiometry for clinical reasons. Major and hip fracture risks were estimated using clinical risk factors with and without bone mineral density (BMD) input. Women were categorized to high risk and low risk groups according to the age dependent thresholds. The best cut-points were determined considering the optimum sensitivity and specificity using receiver operating characteristic analysis. @*Results@#The age dependent intervention thresholds of major fracture risk ranged from 2.8 to 6.9% while hip fracture risk ranged from 0.4 to 3.0% between 50 and 80 years of age. Major fracture threshold of 3.75% and hip fracture threshold of 1.25% were the best fixed thresholds observed and non-inclusion BMD in the fracture risk estimations did not change the values. As a hybrid method, 3% major fracture and 1% hip fracture risks for those < 70 years old and age-dependent thresholds for those aged 70 years and above can be recommended. @*Conclusions@#The intervention thresholds estimated in the current study can be applied to identify Filipino postmenopausal women with a high fracture risk. Clinicians should decide on the type of thresholds most appropriate.

11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922107

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the efficacy and safety of Yangyin Yiqi Huoxue Granule (, YYHG) in the treatment of ischemic stroke (IS) patients with qi-yin deficiency and blood stasis syndrome (QYDBSS), and to explore its effective dosage.@*METHODS@#The total of 288 patients were randomly assigned to the YYHG high-dose, YYHG low-dose, positive control (administered Xiaoshuantong Granule, XSTG, ), or placebo control (administered inert granule) groups (72 cases per group) by software-drived competitive block randomization. The trial was conducted for a 28-day period, with a 180-day follow-up period. The primary outcome was the comprehensive curative evaluation, and secondary outcomes were the National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score, Barthel activities of daily living (ADL) index score, the quality of life index (QLI) score, and the Chinese medicine syndrome (CMS) score. All analyses were done on an intention-to-treat basis. The clinical safety was also assessed.@*RESULTS@#The total of 288 participants were recruited between June 1, 2008 and September 30, 2009, and 287 patients received intervention; the treatment groups were well balanced at baseline. The comprehensive cure rates of YYHG high-dose, low-dose, positive and placebo control groups were 63.38%, 31.94%, 36.11% and 6.14%, respectively; there was a statistical difference between the two groups (P<0.01), while the high-dose YYHG treatment group was significantly higher than the other 3 groups (P<0.01). The improvement of NIHSS, ADL, QLI and CMS scores of the YYHG high-dose and low-dose groups was significantly better than that of the positive control group and the placebo control group (P<0.05). In terms of improving the classification of the NIHSS scale and the assessment of the ADL scale, the YYHG high-dose group was significantly better than the other three groups (P<0.05), and the YYHG low-dose group was better than the placebo control group (P<0.01). At the same time, except for the QLI score, the high-dose group was better than the low-dose group (P<0.05). In terms of safety, adverse reactions after YYHG treatment were generally mild (3.78%), and no serious adverse reactions have been reported.@*CONCLUSION@#YYHG is safe and effective in the treatment of IS patients with QYDBSS.


Subject(s)
Activities of Daily Living , Brain Ischemia/drug therapy , Humans , Ischemic Stroke , Qi , Quality of Life , Stroke/drug therapy , Yin Deficiency
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922098

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the synergistic effect of Naoxintong Capsule (NXTC, ) and Guhong Injection (GHI, ) on cerebral ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury.@*METHODS@#Forty-eight Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into 6 groups: control group, oxygen and glucose deprivation (OGD) group, nimodipine group (9.375 mg/kg), NXTC group (0.5 g/kg), GHI group (5 mL/kg) and NXTC+GHI group (0.5 g/kg NXTC+5 mL/kg GHI), after the onset of reperfusion and once per day for the following 7 days. Blood was collected 1 h after final administration, and the sera were collected. Cultured primary rat brain microvascular endothelial cells (rBMECs) were subjected to OGD to establish a cell injury model. Untreated rBMECs were used as blank control. The cell counting kit-8 assay was used to assess cell viability using the sera. Malondialdehyde (MDA) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) levels were assessed using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Apoptosis was evaluated after Hoechst33342 staining using fluorescence microscopy and flow cytometry. JC-1 staining was performed to assess changes in mitochondrial membrane potential.@*RESULTS@#Statistical analysis indicated that more than 95% of the cells were rBMECs. Compared with the OGD group, the cellular morphology of the all drug delivery groups improved. In particular, the combined drug group had the most significant effect. Compared with the OGD group, all drug intervention groups induced a decrease in the apoptotic rate of rBMECs, increased the SOD levels, and decreased the MDA levels (all P<0.01). Compared with the mono-therapy groups, the NXTC+GHI group exhibited a significant improvement in the number of apoptotic rBMECs (P<0.01). All drug intervention groups showed different degrees of increase in membrane potential, and the NXTC+GHI group was higher than the NXTC or GHI group (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#The combinationa application of NXTC and GHI on cerebral I/R injury clearly resulted in protective benefits.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Brain , Brain Ischemia/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Endothelial Cells , Glutamine/analogs & derivatives , Plant Extracts , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Reperfusion Injury/drug therapy
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922045

ABSTRACT

Atherosclerosis is a chronic inflammatory disease commonly seen in clinical practice. It can lead to thickening of vascular intima, occlusion of lumen stenosis and thrombosis, leading to angina pectoris, hypertension, myocardial infarction and other diseases, posing a serious threat to human life and health. This study provides a method for removing shield needles from graphene oxide thrombus and its preparation. The graphene oxide shield needle mainly includes flexible rotating shaft, radial flexible rod, rotating needle, adsorption main pipe and dosing main pipe, laser measuring device, high definition camera and other structures, which has the following advantages:firstly, it achieves multi-angle rotation grinding thrombosis, precise rotation grinding, avoids vascular damage and infection; secondly, thrombolytic drugs can be applied in the process of rotary grinding and small thrombus can be adsorbed to effectively avoid secondary embolization of blood vessels; thirdly, it a coating of graphene oxide on a rotating needle, which protects against bacteria and infection. This study has practical reference value for the development of thrombotherapy and the application of graphene in the medical field.


Subject(s)
Adsorption , Graphite , Humans , Needles , Thrombosis/prevention & control
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921713

ABSTRACT

This study investigated the material basis and mechanism of Pinelliae Rhizoma Decoction in the treatment of airway inflammation. The cigarette smoke combined with lipopolysaccharide(LPS) was used to induce an airway inflammation model in mice. The expression levels of IL-6 and IL-8 in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid(BALF) and the phosphorylation levels of p38 and IκB in the lungs of mice were taken as indexes to screen the effective extracts by system solvent extraction from Pinelliae Rhizoma Decoction(dichloromethane extract, ethyl acetate extract, n-butanol extract, etc.). Meanwhile, the human bronchial epithelial(16-HBE) cell model of cigarette smoke extract(CSE)-induced injury was established, and the mRNA expression levels of IL-6 and IL-8 and the phosphorylation levels of p38 and IκB proteins were also taken as indexes to evaluate the anti-inflammatory effect of different extracts of Pinelliae Rhizoma Decoction. The results showed that Pinelliae Rhizoma Decoction significantly antagonized airway inflammation in mice by down-regulating the expression levels of IL-6 and IL-8 in mice with airway inflammation and 16-HBE cells with CSE-induced injury and inhibiting the phosphorylation levels of p38 and IκB. The dichloromethane and ethyl acetate extracts of Pinelliae Rhizoma Decoction showed significant anti-inflammatory effects, while such effects of other extracts were not prominent. Furthermore, the database of Pinelliae Rhizoma composition was constructed, and the components in effective extracts were analyzed by HPLC-TOF-MS and Nano-LC-MS/MS. As revealed by the results, the compositions of the two effective extracts were similar with 36 common components. They were combined and then divided into Pinelliae Rhizoma alkaloids(PTAs) and Pinelliae Rhizoma non-alkaloids(PTNAs) by 732 cation-exchange resin. Further in vitro investigation confirmed the significant anti-inflammatory effect of PTNAs, while such effect of PTAs was not manifest. The MS analysis showed 172 peptides and 7 organic acids in PTNAs. The peptide content in PTNAs was 63.5% measured by quantitative analysis of BCA assay, and the organic acid content was 9.92% by potentiometric titration method. The findings of this study suggested that Pinelliae Rhizoma Decoction could antagonize airway inflammation in mice by inhibiting phosphorylation of p38 and IκB and blocking the activation of MAPK and NF-κB signaling pathways, and the effective components were related to the peptides and organic acids in PTNAs. The above results lay a foundation for the research on the mechanism and material basis of Pinelliae Rhizoma in antagonizing airway inflammation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Inflammation/drug therapy , Mice , NF-kappa B/genetics , Pinellia/chemistry , Respiratory Tract Diseases/drug therapy , Rhizome , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885638

ABSTRACT

Neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) are fibrous structures released by neutrophils and the formation process is called NETosis. NETs participate in the host innate immunity. Recent research has found that NETs is a double-edged sword. Under normal conditions, the formation of NETs can play a role in clearing pathogens and maintain the host homeostasis. However, when NETs are overproduced or not cleared in time, they can take part in the pathogenesis of many diseases. This article reviewed the formation of NETs, the mechanisms involved in NETosis and the role of NETs in the secretion of multiple cytokines in different diseases.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880066

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the distribution and drug resistance of pathogens sampled from the patients with bloodstream infection in the department of hematology of PLA General Hospital, so as to provide evidences for clinical prevention and control infection.@*METHODS@#From January 2014 to December 2017, A total of 286 cases-time positive blood culture samples from 212 patients in the department of hematology of the General Hospital of Chinese PLA were collected. The clinical characteristics of patients and the distribution and drug resistance of pathogens were analyzed retrospectively.@*RESULTS@#182(63.64%) bacterial strains were Gram-negative, and the other 104(36.36%) were Gram-positive. There were 88 strains of Escherichia coli(30.77%), 34 strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa(11.89%), 26 strains of Klebsiella pneumoniae(9.09%), 25 strains of Staphylococcus epidermidis(8.74%), 20 strains of Gram-positive rods(6.99%), 16 strains of Staphylococcus hominis(5.59%), 11 strains of Etaphylococcus haemolyticus(3.85%), 10 strains of Staphylococcus aureus(3.50%), 6 strains of Staphylococcus capitis(2.10%), 5 strains of Acinetobacter baumannii(1.75%) and so on. Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Klebsiella pneumoniae as Gram-negative bacteria were sensitive to amikacin. Staphylococcus epidermidis and Staphylococcus aureus as Gram-positive bacteria were sensitive to vancomycin and nitrofurantoin.@*CONCLUSION@#The blood culture patients with bloodstream infection in department of hematology of our hospital confirmed that more infections are Gram-negative. The clinicians should choose suitable antibiotics according to the results of bacterial culture and drug sensitive test.


Subject(s)
Drug Resistance, Bacterial , Hematologic Diseases , Humans , Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Retrospective Studies , Sepsis
17.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(1): e8652, Jan. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055481

ABSTRACT

Glycemic variability (GV) may be linked to the development of diabetic complications by inducing inflammation, oxidative stress, and endothelial dysfunction. Flash glucose monitoring (FGM) provides a novel method of continuously monitoring interstitial glucose levels for up to 14 days. This study randomly assigned poorly controlled type 2 diabetes mellitus patients treated with metformin and multiple daily injections of insulin (n=60) to either continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) treatment or CSII in combination with liraglutide (CSII+Lira) treatment for 14 days during hospitalization. GV was assessed using a FGM system; weight and cardiometabolic biomarkers were also evaluated. The coefficient of variation was significantly reduced in the CSII+Lira group (P<0.001), while no significant change was observed in the CSII group. The changes differed significantly between the two groups in mean amplitude of glycemic excursions (P=0.004), standard deviation (P=0.006), and the percentage of time in the target range (4-10 mmol/L, P=0.005 and >10 mmol/L, P=0.028). The changes in mean of daily differences, interquartile range, and percentage of time in hypoglycemia (<3.3 mmol/L) and hyperglycemia (>13.9 mmol/L) identified by FGM showed no difference. Treatment with liraglutide increased serum adiponectin [33.5 (3.5, 47.7) pg/mL, P=0.003] and heme oxygenase-1 levels [0.4 (-0.0, 1.8) ng/mL, P=0.001] and reduced serum leptin levels [-2.8 (3.9) pg/mL, P<0.001]. Adding the glucagon-like peptide-1 analog liraglutide improved GV, weight, and some cardiometabolic risk markers. The FGM system is, therefore, shown to be a novel and useful method for glucose monitoring.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Insulin Infusion Systems , Blood Glucose Self-Monitoring/methods , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/drug therapy , Liraglutide/administration & dosage , Hypoglycemic Agents/administration & dosage , Insulin/administration & dosage , Pilot Projects , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/blood
18.
J. appl. oral sci ; 28: e20190690, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1101255

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To investigate the effects of intro-oral injection of parathyroid hormone (PTH) on tooth extraction wound healing in hyperglycemic rats. Methodology 60 male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into the normal group (n=30) and DM group (n=30). Type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM) was induced by streptozotocin. After extracting the left first molar of all rats, each group was further divided into 3 subgroups (n=10 per subgroup), receiving the administration of intermittent PTH, continuous PTH and saline (control), respectively. The intermittent-PTH group received intra-oral injection of PTH three times per week for two weeks. A thermosensitive controlled-release hydrogel was synthesized for continuous-PTH administration. The serum chemistry was determined to evaluate the systemic condition. All animals were sacrificed after 14 days. Micro-computed tomography (Micro-CT) and histological analyses were used to evaluate the healing of extraction sockets. Results The level of serum glucose in the DM groups was significantly higher than that in the non-DM groups (p<0.05); the level of serum calcium was similar in all groups (p>0.05). Micro-CT analysis showed that the DM group had a significantly lower alveolar bone trabecular number (Tb.N) and higher trabecular separation (Tb.Sp) than the normal group (p<0.05). The histological analyses showed that no significant difference in the amount of new bone (hard tissue) formation was found between the PTH and non-PTH groups (p>0.05). Conclusions Bone formation in the extraction socket of the type 1 diabetic rats was reduced. PTH did not improve the healing of hard and soft tissues. The different PTH administration regimes (continuous vs. intermittent) had similar effect on tissue healing. These results demonstrated that the metabolic characteristics of the hyperglycemic rats produced a condition that was unable to respond to PTH treatment.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Parathyroid Hormone/pharmacology , Tooth Extraction/methods , Wound Healing/drug effects , Tooth Socket/drug effects , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/physiopathology , Osteogenesis/radiation effects , Osteogenesis/physiology , Blood Glucose/analysis , Random Allocation , Calcium/blood , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Hydrogels , Surgical Wound/drug therapy
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-860897

ABSTRACT

Destruction of blood-brain barrier (BBB) is one of the important pathological changes after traumatic brain injury (TBI).Early detection of TBI evaluate and prognosis of TBI patients are of great significances. Monitoring of changes in BBB after TBI have been more and more emphasized in clinical practice. The pathophysiological changes of BBB after TBI and research progresses of MR perfusion weighted imaging (PWI) in TBI were reviewed in this article.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905422

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of Tai Ji Quan in the progress of rehabilitation training for elderly patients with heart failure after myocardial infarction. Methods:From January, 2017 to June, 2019, a total of 200 elderly patients with heart failure after myocardial infarction were divided into control group (n = 100) and experimental group (n = 100). The control group received routine medicine, and the experimental group received Tai Ji Quan exercise in addition. After 24-week treatment, their cardiac functional grading, plasma levels of brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) and aldosterone (ALD), six minutes walking distance (6MWD), left ventricular ejection fractions (LVEF), quality of life, and readmission rate and mortality rate were compared. Results:After treatment, the cardiac function was better in the experimental group than in the control group (χ2 > 5.143, P < 0.05); the plasma levels of BNP and ALD, 6MWD, LVEF and quality of life significantly improved (|t| > 9.883, P < 0.001), and were better in the experimental group than in the control group (|t| > 4.023, P < 0.001). The readmission rate and mortality rate were lower in the experimental group than in the control group, but no significant difference was found (P > 0.05). Conclusion:Tai Ji Quan exercise could improve the cardiac function, exercise tolerance and quality of life of the elderly patients with heart failure after myocardial infarction.

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