Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 191
Filter
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928129

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to explore the effects of Gynostemma pentaphyllum saponins(GPs) on non-alcoholic fatty liver disease(NAFLD) induced by high-fat diet in rats and reveal the underlying mechanism. The NAFLD model rats were prepared with high-fat diet. Forty male Sprague Dawley(SD) rats were randomly assigned into the control group, model group, and low-, moderate-, and high-dose GPs(50, 100, and 150 mg·kg~(-1), respectively) groups. After intragastric administration for 8 continuous weeks, we determined the body weight, liver weight, the levels of total cholesterol(TC), triglyceride(TG), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol(LDL-c), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol(HDL-c), alanine aminotransferase(ALT), and aspartate aminotransferase(AST) in serum, and the levels of TC, TG, malondialdehyde(MDA), superoxide dismutase(SOD), catalase(CAT), and interleukin 6(IL-6) in the liver. Furthermore, we observed the pathological changes of liver tissue by oil red O staining and hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining, sequenced the 16 S rRNA of the intestinal flora in rat feces, and determined the content of short-chain fatty acids in rat feces. The results showed that GPs inhibited the excessive weight gain of high-fat diet-induced NAFLD in rats, reduced the liver weight, lowered the TC, TG, LDL-c, AST, and ALT levels in serum(P<0.05), and rose the HDL-c level in serum(P<0.01). GPs relieved the liver damage caused by high-fat diet, mainly manifested by the lowered levels of TC, TG, MDA, and IL-6 in the liver(P<0.01) and elevated levels of CAT and SOD in the liver. Furthermore, GPs reversed the intestinal flora disorder caused by high-fat diet, restored the diversity of intestinal flora, increased the relative abundance of Bacteroides, and reduced the relative abundance of Firmicutes and the ratio of Firmicutes to Bacteroides. Moreover, GPs promoted the proliferation of beneficial bacteria such as Akkermansia, Bacteroides, and Parabacteroides, and inhibited the growth of harmful bacteria such as Desulfovibrio, Escherichia-Shigella, and Helicobacter. GPs increased the content of short-chain fatty acids(acetic acid, propionic acid, and butyric acid)(P<0.01). These findings indicate that GPs can alleviate the high-fat diet-induced NAFLD in rats via regulating the intestinal flora and short-chain fatty acid metabolism.


Subject(s)
Alanine Transaminase/metabolism , Animals , Cholesterol, LDL/pharmacology , Diet, High-Fat/adverse effects , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Gynostemma , Interleukin-6/metabolism , Liver , Male , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/metabolism , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Saponins/pharmacology , Superoxide Dismutase/metabolism
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905972

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish the high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) fingerprint of Citri Sarcodactylis Fructus, and to search for makers to characterize the quality difference of Citri Sarcodactylis Fructus from different origins coupled with chemometrics. Method:The analysis was performed on a Thermo Hypersil GOLD C<sub>18</sub> column (4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 μm) with mobile phase consisted of acetonitrile-0.05% phosphoric acid solution for gradient elution, and the detection wavelength was set at 254 nm. A total of 31 batches of samples were analyzed to establish the HPLC fingerprint of Citri Sarcodactylis Fructus. Similarity evaluation was performed by Traditional Chinese Medicine Chromatographic Fingerprint Similarity Evaluation System (2012 edition) to confirm the common peaks, which were identified by comparison of reference substances. On the basis, chemometrics methods were used to analyze and evaluate the quality of Citri Sarcodactylis Fructus from different origins. At the same time, 3 batches of 5 species of decoction pieces from the genus <italic>Citrus</italic> in the family Rutaceae, including Citri Sarcodactylis Fructus, Aurantii Fructus Immaturus, Aurantii Fructus, Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium Viride and Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium, were randomly collected for evaluating the effectiveness and reliability of the established HPLC fingerprint of Citri Sarcodactylis Fructus. Result:HPLC fingerprint of Citri Sarcodactylis Fructus was established and 22 common peaks were identified. And seven common peaks among them were identified as 6,7-dimethoxycoumarin, diosmin, hesperidin, byakangelicin, 5,7-dimethoxycoumarin, bergapten and oxypeucedanin. Except for 2 batches of samples, the similarities of fingerprints between other 29 batches of samples were >0.9. The 31 batches of Citri Sarcodactylis Fructus were basically divided into 3 groups by cluster analysis and principal component analysis, which were consistent with the classification of three different producing areas. Eight differential markers were screened by orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis and four of them (5,7-dimethoxycoumarin, bergapten, 6,7-dimethoxycoumarin and diosmin) were identified by reference substances. Similarity evaluation of 5 species of decoction pieces from genus <italic>Citrus</italic> in the family Rutaceae was carried out by taking the reference fingerprint of Citri Sarcodactylis Fructus as treference chromatogram, similarity of Citri Sarcodactylis Fructus decoction pieces was 0.892-0.977, and the similarities of the other 4 kinds of decoction pieces were 0.215-0.517. Conclusion:The established fingerprint method is reasonable, effective and accurate for quality control of Citri Sarcodactylis Fructus, the characterization information is more comprehensive combined with chemometrics.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885556

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the prenatal clinical characteristics and genetic etiology of Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome manifested by severe fetal growth restriction (FGR).Methods:Clinical data of three pregnant women admitted to Changsha Hospital for Maternal and Child Health Care from 2018 to 2020 due to severe FGR with or without other malformations diagnosed by prenatal ultrasound were collected. Amniotic fluid samples obtained by ultrasound-guided amniocentesis were analyzed by conventional G-banding staining technique and single nucleotide polymorphism array (SNP array). Parental peripheral blood cells were collected for SNP array to verify the source of variation.Results:(1) The karyotypes of both case 1 and 2 were normal, while case 3 had an abnormal karyotype of 46,XN,der(4)(9pter→9p23::4p15.31→4qter). (2) SNP array indicated a 7.8 Mb microdeletion in 4p16.3p16.1 cytoband in case 1 and a 5.5 Mb microdeletion in 4p16.3p16.2 cytoband in case 2, which were both de novo copy number variations. Case 3 harbored a 19.88 Mb deletion in 4p16.3p15.31 and a 10.89 Mb duplication in 9p24.3p23. (3) All three fetuses were diagnosed as Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome, and their parents chose to terminate the pregnancies after genetic counseling. Conclusions:Considering the possibility of genetic disease, invasive prenatal diagnosis is suggested when prenatal ultrasonography showed severe FGR, regardless of other malformations, to clarify the cause and guide genetic counseling.

4.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 183-190, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885493

ABSTRACT

Objective:To report two cases of post-transplantation lymphoproliferative disorders (PTLD) after kidney transplantation in children and review the literature, and to improve clinicians' understanding of PTLD in children.Methods:The clinical data of two children with PTLD admitted to the Children's Hospital of Fudan University were collected and analyzed. The PTLD-related literature of PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Scopus, Cochrane Library, Wanfang, CNKI, Weipu Database and China Biomedical Literature Service System from the establishment of the database to January 2020 were collected for literature review. Multivariate logistic regression analysis method was used to analyze the influencing factors of prognostic in children with PTLD.Results:Both of the patients had negative Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and Cytomegalovirus (CMV) before transplantation and anti-thymocyte immunoglobulin (ATG) were induced during transplantation. PTLD in case 1 and case 2 was diagnosed at 3 and 12 months after transplantation, respectively, with positive EBV and CMV serological reaction. The pathological diagnosis was monomorphic PTLD in case 1 and the case 2 was clinically considered as non-hodgkin lymphoma. They all received thrapies of immunosuppressive reduction combined with anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody and chemotherapy. PTLD was relieved and graft function was normal in 2 cases, while case 1 died two and half years after transplantation due to intracranial fungal infection. According to the analysis of 56 children (including 2 cases in this study) with PTLD from the literature review, the median time of PTLD from transplantation was 41.8 months. The initial involved organs were digestive tract [17 cases (30.4%)], respiratory system [8 cases (14.3%)], nervous system [7 cases (12.5%)] and pharyngeal lymph ring [7 cases (12.5%)], respectively. The main pathologic type of PTLD was monomorphic [34 cases (60.8%)]. Fifty-six cases were all positive in EBV serological reaction when PTLD was diagnosed. The treatment included immunosuppressive reduction combined with anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody and chemotherapy. Forty-eight cases of PTLD were relieved, while 8 cases lost graft function. Eleven cases died, including 3 cases due to infection and the other 8 cases due to PTLD. Multivariate logistic regression showed that monomorphic PTLD was a risk factor of death for PTLD children ( OR=21.616, 95% CI 1.007-464.107, P=0.049). Conclusions:PTLD in children with kidney transplantation is mostly associated with EBV infection, and the clinical manifestations are diverse. Monomorphic PTLD has a poor prognosis and high mortality.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883103

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application effect of medical science competition in nursing interns whocontribute to "healthy China" , and to improve their health education awareness, ability, method and self-confidence.Methods:A total of 205 nursing interns who worked in Union Hospital of Tongji Medical College of Huazhong University of Science and Technology from 2019 to 2020 were selected as the research objects. They were divided into the control group (105 cases) and the experimental group (100 cases) according to whether they participated in the medical science competition. The control group learned the form and method of health education in clinical rotation according to the traditional practice teaching plan. The experimental group volunteered to participate in the medical science competition, which required the dissemination of health knowledge through various forms. Before and after the competition, the health education ability assessment scale was used for comparison.Results:Before the medical science competition, there was no significant difference in the total score of assessment, planning, implementation, evaluation and health education between the control group and the experimental group ( t values were 0.765 - 1.749, all P>0.05). After the medical science competition, the total scores of assessment, planning, implementation, evaluation and health education ability of nursing interns in the experimental group were (24.38 ± 4.72), (17.98 ± 3.98), (25.16 ± 5.36), (12.57 ± 2.96) and (80.09 ± 15.65) respectively, while those in the control group were (22.45 ± 6.29), (16.61 ± 4.77), (23.04 ± 6.55), (11.31 ± 3.46) and (73.41 ± 19.69).The differences between the two groups were statistically significant ( t values were 2.226 - 2.795, all P<0.05). Conclusions:The medical science competition can improve the health education ability of assessment, planning, implementation, evaluation of nursing interns and contribute to "healthy China" .

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882992

ABSTRACT

Objective:to construct and test the structural equation model of influencing factors of clinical nursing teaching quality, and analyze the influencing factors and strength of clinical nursing teaching quality.Methods:Based on the literature, 20 indexes influencing the quality of clinical nursing teaching were selected. In July 2019, clinical nursing teachers of a third class a medical institution were selected for convenient sampling survey. Through factor analysis, 20 indexes were classified into 6 dimensions, namely, teaching environment, teaching attitude, teacher quality, teacher behavior, teaching management and teaching quality.Results:The structural equation model of influencing factors of clinical nursing teaching quality was constructed. The fitting index of the model reached the standard value, and the model had a good fit.Conclusion:With the help of this model, the nursing administrators can find out the factors and intensity that affect the quality of clinical nursing teaching, which is helpful to put forward the improvement strategies of improving the quality of clinical nursing teaching, to improve the effect of clinical nursing teaching, to improve the quality of clinical nursing teaching, and to provide reference for the research of similar clinical nursing teaching quality.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882949

ABSTRACT

Objective:To deeply understand the real experience of family members of patients in the neurosurgery intensive care unit during the period of accompanying them, and to provide reference for managers to formulate nursing countermeasures to improve the coping ability of family members.Methods:Descriptive phenomenological research method in qualitative research was adopted to conduct in-depth interviews with family members of 12 patients admitted to a neurosurgery intensive care unit in Shanghai, manage the interview data with Nvivo11 software, and use Colaizzi's seven-step analysis method to summarize and analyze the topic.Results:There were four themes: adhere to and do not give up, adhere to was due to the trust and affirmation of the medical care, do not give up was because it was difficult to give up blood kinship, adhere to the hope of life because of patients; timing change of emotional experience, first aid period: helpless to rescue and expecting the condition to stabilize, complication peak: understanding the characteristics of the disease and paying attention to the treatment progress, stable period: uncertain prognosis and desire for emotional companionship.The powerlessness of the future; learn to self psychological adjustment.Conclusions:The family members of patients with severe neurological diseases have both negative experience and positive feelings, and the accompanying experience and needs at different stages of the disease are changing dynamically. According to the cognition and needs of the family members, exploring and developing palliative medicine, tapping the potential of the family members from a positive perspective and improving coping ability are one of the ways to maintain the stable mental health of the family members.

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921385

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To identify the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) during the pathogenesis of periodontitis by bioinformatics analysis.@*METHODS@#GEO2R was used to screen DEGs in GSE10334 and GSE16134. Then, the overlapped DEGs were used for further analysis. g:Profiler was used to perform Gene Ontology analysis and pathway analysis for upregulated and downregulated DEGs. The STRING database was used to construct the protein-protein interaction (PPI) network, which was further visua-lized and analyzed by Cytoscape software. Hub genes and key modules were identified by cytoHubba and MCODE plug-ins, respectively. Finally, transcription factors were predicted via iRegulon plug-in.@*RESULTS@#A total of 196 DEGs were identified, including 139 upregulated and 57 downregulated DEGs. Functional enrichment analysis showed that the upregulated DEGs were mainly enriched in immune-related pathways including immune system, viral protein interaction with cytokine and cytokine receptor, cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction, leukocyte transendothelial migration, and chemokine receptors bind chemokines. On the contrary, the downregulated DEGs were mainly related to the formation of the cornified envelope and keratinization. The identified hub genes in the PPI network were CXCL8, CXCL1, CXCR4, SEL, CD19, and IKZF1. The top three modules were involved in chemokine response, B cell receptor signaling pathway, and interleukin response, respectively. iRegulon analysis revealed that IRF4 scored the highest.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The pathogenesis of periodontitis was closely associated with the expression levels of the identified hub genes including CXCL8, CXCL1, CXCR4, SELL, CD19, and IKZF1. IRF4, the predicted transcription factor, might serve as a dominant upstream regulator.


Subject(s)
Computational Biology , Gene Expression Profiling , Humans , Microarray Analysis , Periodontitis , Protein Interaction Maps
9.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1109-1112, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921018

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of moxibustion combined with @*METHODS@#A total of 240 close contacts of COVID-19 were randomized into an observation group (120 cases, 18 cases dropped off) and a control group (120 cases, 58 cases dropped off). Conventional observation was adopted in the control group. Moxibustion combined with Daiwenjiu plaster was given in the observation group, moxibustion was applied at Zusanli (ST 36), Hegu (LI 4) and Shenque (CV 8), 10 min each acupoint, once a day; @*RESULTS@#In the follow-up, SRQ-20 score was decreased compared before treatment (@*CONCLUSION@#Moxibustion combined with


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , COVID-19 , Humans , Mental Disorders , Moxibustion , SARS-CoV-2
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879621

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the value of chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) for the diagnosis of fetuses with high risk signaled by non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT).@*METHODS@#From June 2017 to August 2019, 628 pregnant women with high risk signaled by NIPT underwent invasive prenatal diagnosis. Amniotic fluid or cord blood samples were subjected to chromosomal karyotyping analysis or CMA. Pregnancy outcome and postnatal conditions of the fetuses were followed up.@*RESULTS@#The positive predictive value for trisomy 21, trisomy 18, trisomy 13, sex chromosome aneuploidy, other rare trisomies and copy number variants (CNVs) among the 628 women were 86.4% (127/147), 41.7% (30/72), 12.9% (4/31), 43.7% (101/231), 16.5% (14/85) and 52.2% (35/67), respectively. In 218 samples with normal karyotype, 5.5% (12/218) of additional pathogenic CNVs and 2.3% (5/218) of loss of heterozygosity were detected by CMA.@*CONCLUSION@#CMA combined with karyotyping analysis can be used as first-tier test for prenatal diagnosis for women with high-risk signaled by NIPT.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Karyotyping , Microarray Analysis , Pregnancy , Prenatal Diagnosis , Trisomy 13 Syndrome/genetics , Trisomy 18 Syndrome
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872394

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze, with Wuhan as an example, the problems found in the infrastructure development of China′s healthcare institutions, and put forward optimization suggestions for future epidemic prevention and control.Methods:From May to June 2020, we surveyed with questionnaires 56 healthcare institutions in Wuhan, covering such aspects as basic information of the institutions, infectious disease infrastructure readiness, and the converted wards for COVID-19. Statistical descriptions were used to analyze data so acquired.Results:The number of beds in the infectious departments of healthcare institutions in Wuhan amounted to 1.64 per 10 000 people, yet the existing 1 873 beds and about 5 000 convertible beds failed to meet the medical needs against the outbreak of COVID-19. After the outbreak, a total of 19 084 convertible beds were set up, of which general hospitals accounted for 88%; the area occupied by each converted bed in traditional Chinese medicine hospitals, hospitals of traditional and Western medicine, and maternal and child hospitals (<30.0m 2) was lower than that in general hospitals and specialist hospitals (>40.0m 2). Conclusions:Healthcare institutions should scientifically allocate " peacetime-wartime adaptive" hospital beds, optimize both the number and efficiency of these beds, and prepare for the worst scenarios, so that the infrastructure can be built and maintained in strict accordance with standards, government departments can rationally arrange infectious disease prevention and control facilities and strengthen their planning in case of emergencies.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872335

ABSTRACT

Germany has introduced the " point method" of fee-for-service at the outpatient departments under a global budget system, in an effort to curb medical expenditure growth. The authors employed the game theory to build a physician′s game model under Germany′s point method, illustrating the causes of " increasing points" behaviors of physicians, the negative effects caused by the increase of points as well as the prevention and control measures employed by Germany and its mechanism. Point method payment has been introduced in several areas in China at their inpatient departments, which is delivered to medical service providers via the performance-based distribution model, with the providers affected in their behaviors. As a result, some areas will tend to appear such " increasing points" behaviors as competing for patients, lowering admission criteria, and raising point value. In view of Germany′s experiences, China should adopt such measures as dynamic monitoring system, disclosure of " increasing points " behaviors, perfection of hierarchical medical system, and strengthening the self-governance via medical sector′s associations.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872106

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of Lejours' procedure in the treatment of breast prolapse.Methods From July 2014 to July 2018,the Second People's Hospital of Guangdong Prov ince accepted 36 female patients with breast prolapse and correction failure,aged 25 42 years,with an average age of 32.1 years.According to the preoperative design,the pedicel epidermis,the redundant skin,the prosthesis and capsule were removed,and the mammary flap was fixed on the fascia of pectoralis major muscle,and the nipple and areola were fixed and sutured layer by layer.Results In 36 cases,the shape of breast was improved,the scar of incision was smaller,and the color of scar became lighter with time.There were no serious complications such as nipple and areola necrosis.The breast was straight and round after operation.After 6-24 months follow-up,one patient had delayed wound healing and received repeated dressing changes for 7 days.Conclusions The design of the op eration is simple,with little scar,few complications and good long term effect.The shape of the breast after repair is round and straight,which can be used as one of the feasible operation methods for the repair of breast ptosis.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870605

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application of high-throughput second-generation gene sequencing technology based upon metagenomics in the diagnosis of pulmonary infection after organ transplantation.Methods:From June 2016 to January 2020, clinical records were retrospectively reviewed for 34 renal and liver transplant recipients hospitalized for pulmonary infection. From June 2016 to December 2018, they were assigned as group A (n=20) of traditional pathogen detections. From January 2019 to January 2020, 14 cases in group B were sequenced by high-throughput second-generation technology. The detection rate, sensitivity and specificity, the return time of detection results, the average length of stay and the mortality of 28 days between two groups were analyzed.Results:No significant inter-group difference existed in clinical data (age, gender, antibody induction method, immunosuppressant use, etc.). As compared with group A, the positive detection rate of etiology and the the sensitivity were higher in group B and the differences in specificity were statistically insignificant. The return time of test results in group B was significantly shorter than that in group A. And the difference was statistically significant. The average hospitalization stay and 28-day mortality of group B were lower than those of group A. And the differences were statistically significant.Conclusions:High-throughput second-generation gene sequencing technology can improve the detection rate of pulmonary infection after organ transplantation. Providing a " precise and accurate" direction for disease treatment, it is a useful supplement to traditional diagnostic methods.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870553

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the feasibility and efficacy of kidney transplantation with pediatric donors to pediatric recipients (PTP) according to the quality control parameters of kidney transplantation in China.Methods:From September 2011 to September 2019, the clinical data were reviewed for 147 children undergoing kidney transplantation. The general status of donors and recipients, survival rate and complications of transplantation were analyzed.The median age was 130(21-270) month and the median weight 26.0(8.5-71.5) kg. The median age of 120 donors was 12 month (4 day-180 month) and the median weight 9.3(2.5-50.0) kg.Results:After a follow-up period of 10 days to 9 years, the cumulative survival rates of patients and grafts were 97.3% and 88.8%. The cumulative survival rates of patients and grafts were 95.7% and 60.9% in en bloc kidney transplant recipients versus 96.8% and 94.2% in single kidney transplant recipients. The major complications of en bloc kidney transplantation were graft thrombosis (47.8%) and ureteral complications (17.4%). Single kidney transplantation was characterized by delayed graft function recovery (DGF, 18.6%) and acute rejection reaction (10.5%). Two cases died from donor-derived infection after transplantation, one from cytomegalovirus infection and one from epileptic seizure.Conclusions:PTP kidney transplantation is effective. Organ matching and optimal operative mode selection are essential. Preventing postoperative thrombosis for avoiding an early graft loss has remained a high priority during PTP kidney transplantation.

16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829011

ABSTRACT

Objective@#High PM concentration is the main feature of increasing haze in developing states, but information on its microbial composition remains very limited. This study aimed to determine the composition of microbiota in PM in Guangzhou, a city located in the tropics in China.@*Methods@#In Guangzhou, from March 5 to 10 , 2016, PM was collected in middle volume air samplers for 23 h daily. The 16S rDNA V4 region of the PM sample extracted DNA was investigated using high-throughput sequence.@*Results@#Among the Guangzhou samples, , , , , and were the dominant microbiota accounting for more than 90% of the total microbiota, and was the dominant gram-negative bacteria, accounting for 21.30%-23.57%. We examined the difference in bacterial distribution of PM between Beijing and Guangzhou at the genus level; was found in both studies, but was only detected in Guangzhou.@*Conclusion@#In conclusion, the diversity and specificity of microbial components in Guangzhou PM were studied, which may provide a basis for future pathogenicity research in the tropics.


Subject(s)
Air Microbiology , Air Pollutants , Bacteria , Classification , China , Cities , Environmental Monitoring , Microbiota , Particle Size , Particulate Matter , RNA, Bacterial , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864802

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the real experience of parents caring for children with Kawasaki disease complicated with giant coronary artery aneurysm at home,in order to provide reference for targeted interventions.Methods:With phenomenological approaches in qualitative study,semi-structured interviews were conducted among 10 parents whose children with Kawasaki disease complicated with giant coronary artery aneurysm, and Colaizzi 's 7-step analysis method was used to analyze the data and extract the theme.Results:The care experience of parents were classified into four themes:continued negative emotions;lacked of family care knowledge;bore a huge burden of care; eager for support strength.Conclusions:Parents of children with Kawasaki disease complicated with giant coronary artery aneurysm have many difficulties in disease management,family care and other aspects in the process of caring for children.They also bear a greater burden of psychological pressure.Medical workers should pay attention to parent′s psychological status and related problems,and provide effective intervention measures to promote the rehabilitation of children and improve the quality of life of the family.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864789

ABSTRACT

Objective:To further understand the real experience of the nurse in the rotation of NICU in neurosurgery.Methods:Qualitative research method was used to analyze the reflective diary of 26 nurses and the semi-structured interview data of 8 nurses.Results:Three primary themes and 11 secondary themes were extracted from the real experience of rotation of nurses in the neurointensive care unit: department integration and mental process, role competency and influencing factors, career expectations and coping strategies.Conclusions:At present, the integration process of the nurses in the neurointensive care unit is slow. Influenced by many factors, it is difficult to change their roles. It is the direction that nursing managers should pay attention to establish a diversified discipline training system and create a better organizational commitment

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864357

ABSTRACT

Inadvertent perioperative hypothermia (IPH) is one of the most common complications of perioperative patients, and induces some other complications such as cardiovascular adverse events, chills, blood coagulation dysfunction, infections of incision with high probability. It is also associated with a substantial economic burden, primarily due to delay of recovery and prolonged hospitalization. Therefore, previous assessment and identification of IPH risk factors is crucial to reduce the incidence of IPH and its adverse effects. This paper will review the following three aspects of IPH’s risk assessment: high-risk groups, tools and effect.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799670

ABSTRACT

Inadvertent perioperative hypothermia (IPH) is one of the most common complications of perioperative patients, and induces some other complications such as cardiovascular adverse events, chills, blood coagulation dysfunction, infections of incision with high probability. It is also associated with a substantial economic burden, primarily due to delay of recovery and prolonged hospitalization. Therefore, previous assessment and identification of IPH risk factors is crucial to reduce the incidence of IPH and its adverse effects. This paper will review the following three aspects of IPH’s risk assessment: high-risk groups, tools and effect.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL