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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2171-2176, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936586

ABSTRACT

Piroxicam has polymorphism. Different crystalline forms can exhibit different physicochemical properties and biological activities. Analysis of the intermolecular interactions is essential to reveal the formation mechanism and differences of polymorphs. In this paper, Hirshfeld surface analysis and semi-empirical methods were used to calculate and analyze the intermolecular interactions in seven polymorphic forms of piroxicam. The results show that the Hirshfeld surface analysis method can clearly and intuitively reveal the intermolecular interactions, among which H…H, O…H/H…O and N…H/H…N interactions account for 95% of the total energy. There are differences in the proportion and distribution of the forces of different crystal forms. The energy calculation shows that the lattice energy of the hydrate is significantly lower than that of the anhydrous forms, and in the specific energy distribution, the contribution of the dispersion force is the most prominent. Further interaction energy analysis was found that within the distance of 3.8 Å from the center of the piroxicam molecule, different crystalline forms of piroxicam molecule have different interaction energies with surrounding molecules.

2.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1083-1085, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936543

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the prevalence of hyperuricemia in university students and examine associated factors,and to provide evidence for the prevention and treatment of hyperuricemia.@*Methods@#Health examination data of 11 858 students for admission in October 2021 were used to compare the detection rates between groups with different characteristics. Multivariable Logistic regression was performed to identify potential factors associated with hyperuricemia.@*Results@#A total of 3 372 cases of hyperuricemia were found, with a detection rate of 28.4%. The detection rate of male students was significantly higher than that of female students (42.4%,14.6%). The rate increased with higher BMI. Moreover, the detection rate was higher among undergraduates and those with hypertension( χ 2=1 126.2, 180.7, 138.2 ,107.9, P <0.01). Multivariable Logistic regression analysis showed that male sex, younger age, higher BMI, hypertension and higher hemoglobin level were positively associated with hyperuricemia, whereas higher glomerular filtration rate was negatively associated among the students( P <0.01).@*Conclusion@#Greater attention should be given to hyperuricemia in university students, and targeted health education should be strengthened for them, especially undergraduates, boys, overweight and obese students, and those with hypertension or high hemoglobin levels.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936361

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the role of proline 4-hydroxylase Ⅱ (P4HA2) in the occurrence and progression of liver cancer.@*METHODS@#GEPIA and Human Protein Atlas database were used to predict the expression of P4HA2 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and K-M plotter online database was used to analyze the relationship between P4HA2 expression and the prognosis of HCC. We also examined the expressions of P4HA2 in HCC cells and normal hepatocytes using qRT-PCR and Western blotting. With lentivirus-mediated RNA interference, P4HA2 expression was knocked down in hepatoma SNU-449 and Hep-3B cells, and the changes in cell proliferation, migration and invasion were assessed using cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay, colony formation test, scratch test and Transwell assay. The changes in the expressions of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and PI3K/Akt/mTOR signal pathway-related proteins were detected using Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#Online database analysis showed that the expression of P4HA2 was significantly higher in HCC tissues than in normal liver tissues (P < 0.05). The expression levels of P4HA2 mRNA and protein were also significantly higher in HCC cell lines than in normal hepatocytes (P < 0.01). Lentivirus-mediated RNA interference of P4HA2 significantly lowered the expression levels of P4HA2 mRNA and protein in the hepatoma cells (P < 0.05) and caused obvious inhibition of cell proliferation, migration and invasion. P4HA2 knockdown significantly increased the expression of E-cadherin protein, lowered the expressions of N-cadherin and Snail, and obviously decreased the expressions of phosphorylated PI3K, AKT and mTOR (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#P4HA2 enhances the proliferation, migration, invasion, and EMT of hepatoma cells by activating the PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway to promote the occurrence and progression of liver cancer.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/pathology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement/genetics , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Humans , Liver Neoplasms/pathology , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , Prolyl Hydroxylases/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , RNA, Messenger , Signal Transduction , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936233

ABSTRACT

Objective: To establish a three-dimensional model of middle ear-eustachian tube based on Chinese digital visual human dataset, and the deformation and pressure changes of the middle ear-eustachian tube system after eustachian tube opening are simulated by computer numerical simulation. Methods: The first female Chinese Digital Visual Human data was adopted. The images were imported by Amira image processing software, and the images were segmented by Geomagic software to form a three-dimensional model of middle ear-eustachian tube system, including eustachian tube, tympanum, tympanic membrane, auditory ossicles, and mastoid air cells system. The 3D model was imported into Hypermesh software for meshing and analysis. The structural mechanics calculation was carried out by Abaqus, and gas flow was simulated by Xflow. The tissue deformation and middle ear pressure changes during eustachian tube opening were numerically simulated by fluid-solid coupling algorithm. Several pressure monitoring points including tympanum, mastoid, tympanic isthmus, and external auditory canal were set up in the model, and the pressure changes of each monitoring point were recorded and compared. Results: In this study, a three-dimensional model of middle ear-eustachian tube and a numerical simulation model of middle ear ventilation were established, including eustachian tube, tympanum, mastoid air cells, tympanic membrane, and auditory ossicles. The dynamic changes of the model after ventilation could be divided into five stages according to the pressure. In addition, the pressure changes of tympanum and tympanic isthmus were basically synchronous, and the pressure changes of mastoid air cells system were later than that of tympanum and tympanic isthmus, which verified the pressure buffering effect of mastoid. The extracted pressure curve of the external auditory canal was basically consistent with that of tympanometry in terms of value and trend, which verified the effectiveness of the model. Conclusions: The numerical simulation model of middle ear-eustachian tube ventilation established in this paper can simulate the tissue deformation and middle ear pressure changes after eustachian tube opening, and its accuracy and effectiveness are also verified. This not only lays a foundation for further research, but also provides a new research method for the study of middle ear ventilation.


Subject(s)
China , Ear, Middle , Eustachian Tube , Female , Human Body , Humans , Middle Ear Ventilation
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923515

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To systematicly evaluate the constituent factors and accuracy of prediction models of outcome for patients with prolonged disorders of consciousness. Methods Articles about prediction models of outcome for patients with prolonged disorders of consciousness were retrieved from PubMed, Web of Science, CNKI and Wanfang Data until September 30th, 2021. The authors, publishing times, subjects, predictive indicators, outcomes and conclusions were extracted. Results A total of 4 313 articles were returned and 37 included, comprising randomized controlled trials and cohort studies, which published mainly from 2012 to 2021. The subjects were patients with prolonged disorders of consciousness, and their predictions consisted of clinical assessment scales, neuroimaging, neuroelectrophysiology and laboratory indicators. Conclusion Prediction models may be valuable for the long-term outcomes of patients with prolonged disorders of consciousness. Most of the current prediction models are composed of only a limited number of technical means, and the accuracy is uneven. Coma Recovery Scale-revised, default mode network and multiple evoked potentials-related prediction models are accurate, but lack a unified adaptation standard.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923384

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To summarize the clinical data and efficacy of surgical treatment of aortic periannular abscess. Methods    The clinical data of 35 aortic periannular abscess patients admitted to our hospital from January 2009 to June 2019 were retrospectively analyzed, including 21 males and 14 females, aged 36 to 67 (53.0±12.3) years. Among them, there were 14 patients of native aortic valve endocarditis and 21 patients of prosthetic valve endocarditis (16 patients of mechanical valve and 5 patients of biological valve). Preoperative blood cultures were positive in 15 patients, including 8 patients of Staphylococcus aureus, 2 patients of Staphylococcus epidermidis, 3 patients of Streptococcus grass green, 1 patient of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and 1 patient of Enterococcus. Results    Eleven patients underwent emergency or urgent surgery. Thirty patients underwent aortic valve replacement, and 5 patients underwent modified Cabrol surgery to replace the aortic root. Early postoperative complications included 1 patient of bleeding, 8 patients of low cardiac output syndrome, 5 patients of renal insufficiency, 10 patients of respiratory insufficiency, 3 patients of tracheotomy, 8 patients of pulmonary infection and 1 patient cerebrovascular accident. The postoperative follow-up period was 6 to 120 (53.6±20.8) months. During the follow-up, 4 patients died and 4 patients were lost. No infection recurred during the follow-up. Perivalval leakage occurred in 3 patients, and one patient underwent occlusion 12 months following the procedure. The survival curve indicated that the 1-year survival rate was 85.5%, and the 5-year survival rate was 67.3%. Conclusion    Although the lesions of periannular abscesses are complicated and critical, effective perioperative antibiotic treatment, individualized surgical timing, and appropriate surgical strategies can significantly reduce mortality and achieve better results.

7.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 837-842, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923289

ABSTRACT

Objective To develop a new model for predicting recurrence after liver transplantation for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) beyond Milan criteria based on related preoperative and postoperative indicators. Methods A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of the patients with HCC beyond Milan criteria who underwent orthotopic liver transplantation for the first time in Tianjin First Central Hospital from August 2014 to July 2018, and according to the presence or absence of recurrence during follow-up, the patients were divided into recurrence group and no-recurrence group. The t -test or the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of continuous data between groups, and the chi-square test or the Fisher's exact test was used for comparison of categorical data between groups. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to plot survival curves, and the log-rank test was used for comparison of survival curves. Univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression analyses were used to identify the risk factors for recurrence-free survival after surgery. A new model was developed for recurrence after liver transplantation in the patients with HCC beyond Milan criteria based on the risk factors identified. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) was used to evaluate predictive performance, and the Hosmer-Lemeshow test was used to assess the goodness of fit of the model. Results A total of 117 patients with HCC beyond Milan criteria were enrolled in this study, with a median follow-up time of 24 (1-74) months. A total of 53 patients (45.3%) experienced recurrence after surgery, among whom 52 (98.1%) had recurrence within 3 years after surgery, with a median time to recurrence of 6 (1-52) months. The Cox proportional hazards regression analysis showed that preoperative serum alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) >769 ng/mL, neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) >3.75, and ki67 index >0.25 were independent risk factors for recurrence-free survival after liver transplantation. The model established based on these three risk factors had an AUC of 0.843, with good sensitivity (88.7%) and specificity (70.3%). The optimal cut-off value was selected according to the maximization of Youden index, and then the patients were divided into low-risk group (0-1 point) and high-risk group (1.5-4 points). The log-rank test showed that the low-risk group had significantly higher 3-and 5-year recurrence-free survival rates than the high-risk group (84.1%/72.0% vs 10.9%/10.9%, χ 2 =29.425, P < 0.001). Conclusion Liver transplantation for HCC beyond Milan criteria should be performed with caution, and the predictive model established based on preoperative AFP, NLR, and ki67 index can accurately assess the indication for liver transplantation in such patients.

8.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 547-552, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922951

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the population differences of the newly named "metabolic associated fatty liver disease" (MAFLD) and the former name "nonalcoholic fatty liver disease" (NAFLD). Methods From November 2020 to January 2021, a cross-sectional survey was conducted among 624 elderly individuals aged above 65 years in a community in Beijing, China, and related data were collected, including demographic data, past history, laboratory markers, liver ultrasound, and liver elasticity. According to the presence or absence of fatty liver based on ultrasonic diagnosis, the individuals were divided into fatty liver group with 389 individuals and non-fatty liver group with 235 individuals. The independent samples t -test was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between the two groups, and the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data between the two groups; the chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between the two groups. Results Among the 389 patients with fatty liver, 387(99.5%) were diagnosed with MAFLD and 368(94.6%) were diagnosed with NAFLD, and there were 19 patients with a history of heavy alcohol consumption and 2 with positive surface antigen. A total of 366 patients met the diagnostic criteria for both MAFLD and NAFLD, accounting for 94.6% of the MAFLD patients and 99.5% of the NAFLD patients. Compared with the non-fatty liver group, the MAFLD group had significant increases in body mass index (BMI) ( t =-11.228, P < 0.05), waist circumference ( Z =-8.532, P < 0.05), hip circumference ( Z =-6.449, P < 0.05), waist-hip ratio ( Z =-5.708, P < 0.05), alanine aminotransferase ( Z =-5.027, P < 0.05), aspartate aminotransferase ( Z =-2.880, P < 0.05), platelet count ( t =-3.623, P < 0.05), triglyceride ( Z =-8.489, P < 0.05), fasting blood glucose ( Z =-3.516, P < 0.05), HbA1c ( Z =-2.884, P < 0.05), Homeostasis Model Assessment of Insulin Resistance (HOMA-IR) ( Z =-0.394, P < 0.05), high-sensitivity C-reactive protein ( Z =-4.912, P < 0.05), controlled attenuation parameter (CAP) ( t =13.744, P < 0.05), and liver stiffness measurement (LSM) ( Z =-7.69, P < 0.05), as well as a significant reduction in high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) ( t =6.348, P < 0.001). Meanwhile, MAFLD patients had more metabolic associated diseases, such as overweight, obesity, central obesity, dyslipidemia, and hypertension ( χ 2 =9.978, 65.472, 36.571, 9.797, and 5.128, all P < 0.05). In the MAFLD group, 30.7% of the patients had non-obese fatty liver disease (BMI < 25 kg/m 2 ), and 11.1% had lean fatty liver disease (BMI < 23 kg/m 2 ); compared with the obese MAFLD patients, the non-obese MAFLD patients had significantly lower age ( Z =-3.042, P < 0.05), BMI ( Z =-15.705, P < 0.05), waist circumference ( Z =-9.589, P < 0.05), hip circumference ( Z =-10.275, P < 0.05), HOMA-IR ( Z =-2.081, P < 0.05), CAP ( t =-3.468, P < 0.05), LSM ( Z =-3.630, P < 0.05), and NAFLD fibrosis score ( t =-4.433, P < 0.05). According to LSM value, advanced liver fibrosis accounted for 3.6% of the MAFLD population, and 10% of the MAFLD population could not be excluded for advanced liver fibrosis. Conclusion The diagnosis of MAFLD can basically cover the NAFLD population in the elderly people, and it is supposed that MAFLD can almost directly replace the concept of NAFLD in similar populations. However, further studies are needed to investigate its application in other populations.

9.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 419-427, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922924

ABSTRACT

GC-MS metabolomics was used to investigate the effects of fudosteine on lung cancer A549 cells in an inflammatory microenvironment. Eleven metabolites (malic acid, isoleucine, lactose, galactinol, creatinine, gluconic acid, oleic acid, phosphate, S-carboxymethyl-L-cysteine, uridine and tagatose) were identified in the metabolomics results and could be used as biomarkers of fudosteine treatment. Pathway enrichment analysis showed that the metabolic pathways of amino acids including isoleucine, valine, leucine, glycine, serine and threonine were significantly altered, as were the metabolic pathways of carbohydrates such as galactose and pentose phosphate. Fudosteine significantly reduced the level of inflammatory factors in A549 cells and corrected the inflammatory microenvironment by interfering with the effects of amino acid metabolites and amino acid metabolism pathways. This study reveals that fudosteine may be able to inhibit the continuous inflammatory response and prevent the further progression of lung cancer by suppressing the inflammatory microenvironment.

10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929263

ABSTRACT

A series of 26 novel derivatives have been synthesized through structural modification of gentiopicroside, a lead COX-2 inhibitor. And their in vivo and in vitro anti-inflammatory activities have been investigated. The in vitro anti-inflammatory activities were evaluated against NO, PGE2, and IL-6 production in the mouse macrophage cell line RAW264.7 stimulated by LPS. Results showed that most compounds had good inhibitory activity. The in vivo inhibitory activities were further tested against xylene-induced mouse ear swelling. Results demonstrated that several compounds were more active than the parent compound gentiopicroside. The inhibition rate of the most active compound P23 (57.26%) was higher than positive control drug celecoxib (46.05%) at dose 0.28 mmol·kg-1. Molecular docking suggested that these compounds might bind to COX-2 and iNOS. Some of them, e.g P7, P14, P16, P21, P23, and P24, had high docking scores in accordance with their potency of the anti-inflammatory activitiy, that downregulation of the inflammatory factors, NO, PGE2, and IL-6, was possibly associated with the suppression of iNOS and COX-2. Therefore, these gentiopicroside derivatives may represent a novel class of COX-2 and iNOS inhibitors.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/pharmacology , Cyclooxygenase 2/chemistry , Dinoprostone , Interleukin-6/metabolism , Iridoid Glucosides , Mice , Molecular Docking Simulation , Pyridinolcarbamate
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929257

ABSTRACT

Lysine specific demethylase 1 (LSD1), a transcriptional corepressor or coactivator that serves as a demethylase of histone 3 lysine 4 and 9, has become a potential therapeutic target for cancer therapy. LSD1 mediates many cellular signaling pathways and regulates cancer cell proliferation, invasion, migration, and differentiation. Recent research has focused on the exploration of its pharmacological inhibitors. Natural products are a major source of compounds with abundant scaffold diversity and structural complexity, which have made a major contribution to drug discovery, particularly anticancer agents. In this review, we briefly highlight recent advances in natural LSD1 inhibitors over the past decade. We present a comprehensive review on their discovery and identification process, natural plant sources, chemical structures, anticancer effects, and structure-activity relationships, and finally provide our perspective on the development of novel natural LSD1 inhibitors for cancer therapy.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , Enzyme Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Histone Demethylases/metabolism , Humans , Lysine/therapeutic use , Neoplasms/drug therapy
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929071

ABSTRACT

As a group of nonspecific inflammatory diseases affecting the intestine, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) exhibits the characteristics of chronic recurring inflammation, and was proven to be increasing in incidence (Kaplan, 2015). IBD induced by genetic background, environmental changes, immune functions, microbial composition, and toxin exposures (Sasson et al., 2021) primarily includes ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD) with complicated clinical symptoms featured by abdominal pain, diarrhea, and even blood in stools (Fan et al., 2021; Huang et al., 2021). UC is mainly limited to the rectum and the colon, while CD usually impacts the terminal ileum and colon in a discontinuous manner (Ordás et al., 2012; Panés and Rimola, 2017). In recent years, many studies have suggested the lack of effective measures in the diagnosis and treatment of IBD, prompting an urgent need for new strategies to understand the mechanisms of and offer promising therapies for IBD.


Subject(s)
Chronic Disease , Colitis, Ulcerative/therapy , Crohn Disease/epidemiology , Diarrhea , Homeodomain Proteins , Humans , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/cytology , MicroRNAs , RNA, Long Noncoding , Recurrence , Umbilical Cord/cytology
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928957

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the efficacy and safety of mulberry twig alkaloids (Sangzhi alkaloids, SZ-A) for treatment of type 2 diabetes in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled multicenter clinical trial.@*METHODS@#A total of 200 patients were randomized to receive SZ-A (n=100) or placebo (n=100) for 16 weeks. The data analysis system for electronic data capture clinical trial central randomization system was used for randomization and dispensing of drugs. The primary outcome was the change in glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) level. The secondary outcome included the proportions of cases with HbA1c <7.0% and HbA1c <6.5%, fasting blood glucose (FBG), postprandial blood glucose (PBG), area under curve for the PBG (AUC0-2h), body weight, and body mass index (BMI). Adverse events (AEs), severe adverse events (SAEs), treatment-related adverse events (TAEs), gastrointestinal disorders (GDs), blood pressure, routine blood tests, and liver and kidney function were monitored.@*RESULTS@#Compared with baseline, the change of HbA1c at week 16 was -0.80% (95% CI: -0.98% to -0.62%) and -0.09% (95% CI: -0.27% to 0.09%) in SZ-A group and placebo group, respectively. The proportion of patients with HbA1c <7% and <6.5% was higher in the SZ-A group than in the placebo group (46.8% vs. 21.6% and 29.9% vs. 10.8%). The observed values and changes in FBG, 1 h-PBG, 2 h-PBG, and AUC0-2h differed significantly between groups (P<0.001), but differences were not significant in body weight and BMI (P>0.05). The incidence rates of AEs, TAEs, and GDs differed significantly between groups (P=0.010, P=0.005, and P=0.006, respectively), whereas the incidence rates of SAEs showed no significant differences between groups (P=1.000).@*CONCLUSION@#SZ-A are effective and safe for treatment of type 2 diabetes. The protocol was registered in http://www.chictr.org.cn/showproj.aspx?proj=60117 (ChiCTR2000038550).


Subject(s)
Alkaloids , Blood Glucose , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/drug therapy , Double-Blind Method , Glycated Hemoglobin A , Humans , Hypoglycemic Agents/therapeutic use , Morus , Tablets/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome
14.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2805-2810, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941506

ABSTRACT

An HPLC method was established for the assay of epinephrine sulfonate (impurity F) in epinephrine injection. The determination was performed on an AQUASIL C18 (100 mm × 4.6 mm, 3 μm) column with a gradient elution system, and the mobile phase was consisted of monopotassium phosphate solution (mobile phase A) and acetonitrile (mobile phase B). The injection volume was 40 μL. The detection wavelength was at 210 nm and the column temperature was 25 ℃. The total analytical time was 40 min. The results showed that the standard cure of epinephrine sulfonate (impurity F) between peak area and concentration exhibited good linear relationship within the ranges of 0.520-12.480 μg·mL-1 and the R2 = 0.999 8. The average recovery rate was 103.04% and the RSD was 2.00%. The limit concentration of detection was 0.104 μg·mL-1 and the limit concentration of quantitation was 0.520 μg·mL-1. The method could be applied to the determination of epinephrine sulfonate in epinephrine injection with high accuracy and precision, as well as good sensitivity. It could also enhance the quality standards of epinephrine-related products.

15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2682-2695, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941495

ABSTRACT

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a progressive disease with many complications (eg, cardiovascular disease and acidosis and anemia) and high morbidity and mortality occurs in the population. There is no cure for this disease, current treatments including renin-angiotensin-aldosterone pathway inhibitors and sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitors can only delay the progression to end-stage renal disease. With the identification of more key factors and mechanisms in CKD development, new potential therapeutic approaches for CKD can be developed. This review summarizes the mainstays of therapy and strategies for CKD and related comorbidities to support the development of novel treatments.

16.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 672-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941491

ABSTRACT

Heart transplantation is the main treatment of end-stage heart failure. With the advancement of heart transplantation and rational use of postoperative immunosuppressants, the survival rate of recipients has been gradually enhanced. However, a variety of central nervous system complications may still occur following heart transplantation, including immunosuppressant-associated neurotoxicity, epilepsy, stroke, encephalopathy, central nervous system infection and de novo malignant tumors in the central nervous system. These complications will severely affect the quality of life of heart transplant recipients. Consequently, prompt imaging diagnosis plays a significant role in the prevention and treatment of central nervous system complications. In this article, main imaging manifestations of central nervous system complications after heart transplantation were reviewed, aiming to provide reference for prompt diagnosis and differential diagnosis of complications, guide clinical treatment and management, and improve the long-term prognosis of the recipients.

17.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 531-539, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940919

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze and compare the distribution of the high-risk population of upper gastrointestinal (UGI) cancer and the factors influencing the compliance rate of endoscopic screening in urban China and rural China. Methods: From 2015 to 2017, an epidemiological survey was conducted on residents aged 40-69 in two rural areas (Luoshan county of Henan province, Sheyang county of Jiangsu province) and two urban areas (Changsha city of Hunan province, Harbin city of Heilongjiang province). As a result, high-risk individuals were recommended for endoscopic screening. Chi-square χ(2) test was used to compare the high-risk rate of UGI cancer between urban and rural residents. In addition, the multivariate logistic regression model was used to analyze the factors influencing the compliance rate of endoscopic screening. Results: A total of 48, 310 residents aged 40-69 were enrolled in this study, including 22 870 (47.34%) residents from rural areas and 25 440 (52.66%) residents from urban areas. A total of 23 532 individuals were assessed with a high risk of UGI cancer, with an overall risk rate of 48.71%. A higher proportion of participants with high risk was observed in rural China (56.17%, 12 845/22 870) than in urban China (42.01%, 10 687/25 440). A total of 10 971 high-risk individuals with UGI cancer participated in endoscopic screening, with an overall compliance rate of 46.62% (10 971/23 532), 45.15% (5 799/12 845) in rural China, and 48.40% (5 172/10 687) in urban China. In rural population, the compliance rate of endoscopic screening was higher in those of females, aged 50-69 years, primary school education or above, high income, a family history of UGI cancer, history of gastric and duodenal ulcer, history of reflux esophagitis, and history of superficial gastritis, but lower in smokers (P<0.05). Among the urban population, the compliance rate of endoscopic screening was higher in those aged 40-49 years, uneducated, low income, family history of UGI cancer, history of reflux esophagitis, history of superficial gastritis, but lower in smokers (P<0.05). Conclusions: The proportion of participants with high risk of UGI cancer in rural areas is higher than that of urban areas. The compliance rates of endoscopic screening in urban and rural areas are low, and influencing factors of endoscopic screening exhibit some differences in rural China and urban China.


Subject(s)
China/epidemiology , Early Detection of Cancer , Esophagitis, Peptic , Female , Gastritis , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms/epidemiology , Humans , Rural Population , Urban Population
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940480

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the mechanism of Liu Junzitang in preventing and treating muscle atrophy in mice with lung cancer cachexia based on the signal transducer and activator of transcription 3(STAT3)/ubiquitin proteasome pathway in vivo. MethodForty C57BL/6 mice aged six weeks were randomly divided into a blank group, a model group, a Liu Junzitang group, an inhibitor group (stattic group),and a Liu Junzitang + inhibitor group (combination group), with eight mice in each group. The cachectic muscle atrophy model was induced by subcutaneous inoculation of Lewis lung cancer cell line under the right anterior armpit in mice except those in the blank group. On the 8th day after subcutaneous inoculation, the mice in the corresponding groups received Liu Junzitang (9.56 g·kg-1·d-1) by gavage and intraperitoneal injection of stattic [25 mg·kg-1·(2 d)-1]. After three weeks of drug intervention, the body weight and gastrocnemius muscle weight were recorded. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was used to observe the pathological changes and cross-sectional area of gastrocnemius muscle fibers in mice. Western blot was used to detect the expression of phosphorylated-STAT3 (p-STAT3), STAT3, muscle atrophy F-box (MAFbx), and muscle RING finger protein 1 (MuRF1) in the gastrocnemius muscle. Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) was used to detect the mRNA expression of STAT3, MAFbx, and MuRF1 in the gastrocnemius muscle. ResultCompared with the blank group, the model group showed lightened body and the gastrocnemius muscle, reduced cross-sectional area of gastrocnemius muscle fibers, and increased protein expression of p-STAT3, STAT3, MAFbx, and MuRF1 and mRNA expression of STAT3, MuRF1, and MAFbx in the gastrocnemius muscle (P<0.05). Compared with the model group, the Liu Junzitang group showed increased body weight, gastrocnemius muscle weight, and cross-sectional area of gastrocnemius muscle fibers (P<0.05), and decreased protein expression of p-STAT3, STAT3, MuRF1, MAFbx, and mRNA expression of STAT3 and MAFbx in gastrocnemius muscle (P<0.05). Compared with the model group, the inhibitor group showed increased body weight and cross-sectional area of gastrocnemius muscle fibers (P<0.05), and reduced protein expression of p-STAT3, STAT3, MuRF1, MAFbx, and mRNA expression of STAT3 and MAFbx in gastrocnemius muscle (P<0.05). Compared with the model group, the combination group showed increased body weight and gastrocnemius muscle weight (P<0.05),and decreased protein expression of p-STAT3, STAT3, MuRF1, and mRNA expression of STAT3 and MAFbx in the gastrocnemius muscle (P<0.05). Compared with the Liu Junzitang group, the stattic group and the combination group showed reduced expression of p-STAT3 protein in the gastrocnemius muscle (P<0.05). ConclusionLiu Junzitang can prevent and treat muscle atrophy in mice with lung cancer cachexia, and its mechanism may be associated with the protein and mRNA expression related to the STAT3-mediated ubiquitin proteasome pathway.

19.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 490-512, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939864

ABSTRACT

LIN28 is an RNA binding protein with important roles in early embryo development, stem cell differentiation/reprogramming, tumorigenesis and metabolism. Previous studies have focused mainly on its role in the cytosol where it interacts with Let-7 microRNA precursors or mRNAs, and few have addressed LIN28's role within the nucleus. Here, we show that LIN28 displays dynamic temporal and spatial expression during murine embryo development. Maternal LIN28 expression drops upon exit from the 2-cell stage, and zygotic LIN28 protein is induced at the forming nucleolus during 4-cell to blastocyst stage development, to become dominantly expressed in the cytosol after implantation. In cultured pluripotent stem cells (PSCs), loss of LIN28 led to nucleolar stress and activation of a 2-cell/4-cell-like transcriptional program characterized by the expression of endogenous retrovirus genes. Mechanistically, LIN28 binds to small nucleolar RNAs and rRNA to maintain nucleolar integrity, and its loss leads to nucleolar phase separation defects, ribosomal stress and activation of P53 which in turn binds to and activates 2C transcription factor Dux. LIN28 also resides in a complex containing the nucleolar factor Nucleolin (NCL) and the transcriptional repressor TRIM28, and LIN28 loss leads to reduced occupancy of the NCL/TRIM28 complex on the Dux and rDNA loci, and thus de-repressed Dux and reduced rRNA expression. Lin28 knockout cells with nucleolar stress are more likely to assume a slowly cycling, translationally inert and anabolically inactive state, which is a part of previously unappreciated 2C-like transcriptional program. These findings elucidate novel roles for nucleolar LIN28 in PSCs, and a new mechanism linking 2C program and nucleolar functions in PSCs and early embryo development.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Differentiation , Embryo, Mammalian/metabolism , Embryonic Development , Mice , Pluripotent Stem Cells/metabolism , RNA, Messenger/genetics , RNA, Ribosomal , RNA-Binding Proteins/metabolism , Transcription Factors/metabolism , Zygote/metabolism
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939689

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the relationship between serum miR-34a level and thrombocytopenia after chemotherapy in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL).@*METHODS@#A total of 69 eligible DLBCL patients who received chemotherapy in our hospital from January 2018 to January 2020 were prospectively included as the research subjects, all patients received R-CHOP 21 regimen (rituximab + cyclophosphamide + adriamycin + vincristine + prednisone) for chemotherapy, 3 weeks was 1 cycle, and 2 cycles of chemotherapy were used. The patients were divided into a reduction group and a non reduction group according to whether there was thrombocytopenia after chemotherapy, the general data and laboratory indexes of the two groups were investigated and compared, the relationship between serum miR-34a before chemotherapy and thrombocytopenia after chemotherapy in patients was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Among the 69 DLBCL patients, 36 patients developed thrombocytopenia after 2 cycles of R-CHOP 21 regimen for chemotherapy, the incidence was 52.17%; the level of serum IL-11 and the relative expression of miR-34a mRNA in the reduction group were significantly lower than the non reduction group (P<0.05), compared other data between groups, there was no statistical significant difference (P>0.05); after Logistic regression analysis, the results showed that the level of serum IL-11 and the relative expression of miR-34a mRNA were related to thrombocytopenia after chemotherapy in DLBCL patients, low expression of each index may be a risk factor of thrombocytopenia after chemotherapy in DLBCL patients (OR>1, P<0.05); ROC curve was drawn, and the results showed that the AUC of serum IL-11 level and miR-34a mRNA relative expression before chemotherapy alone and in combination predicted the risk of thrombocytopenia after chemotherapy in DLBCL patients were all >0.80, and the predictive value was ideal, when the cut-off value of serum IL-11 level before chemotherapy was 42.094 pg/ml, and the cut-off value of miR-34a mRNA relative expression was 3.894, the combined prediction value was the best.@*CONCLUSION@#The relative expression of miR-34a mRNA is associated with thrombocytopenia after chemotherapy in DLBCL patients, which may be a risk factor for thrombocytopenia in patients after chemotherapy, has certain value in predicting the risk of thrombocytopenia of patients after chemotherapy.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Cyclophosphamide , Doxorubicin , Humans , Interleukin-11/therapeutic use , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/genetics , MicroRNAs/genetics , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Prognosis , RNA, Messenger , Rituximab/therapeutic use , Thrombocytopenia , Vincristine
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