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1.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 23-28, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953712

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To investigate the improvement effect mechanism of Xibining prescription (XBN) on knee osteoarthritis (KOA) model rats based on AMP-activated protein kinase(AMPK)/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway. METHODS Totally 36 rats were randomly divided into blank group, model group, XBN group (12.56 g/kg), XBN+metformin (AMPK agonist) group (12.56 g/kg XBN+100 mg/kg metformin), with 9 rats in each group. Except for blank group, KOA model was induced by anterior cruciate ligament transection in other groups. After modeling, each group was given relevant medicine/normal saline, XBN and normal saline intragastrically, once a day, and metformin intraperitoneally, every other day, for 4 consecutive weeks. The pathomorphological changes of cartilage tissue in rats were observed and Mankin scoring was conducted. The expression level of Aggrecan in rat cartilage, mRNA and protein expressions of platelet reactive protein disintegrin and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin motifs 4 (ADAMTS-4), ADAMTS-5, matrix metalloproteinase 3 (MMP-3) and MMP- 13, and the phosphorylation level of AMPK and mTOR proteins were detected. RESULTS Compared with blank group, the structure of cartilage tissue in the model group was disordered, the matrix of cartilage layer was lightly stained,the tide line was distorted or interrupted, and Mankin score was significantly increased (P<0.05). The protein expression of Aggrecan in cartilage tissue and the phosphorylation level of AMPK protein were all decreased significantly (P<0.05); mRNA and protein expressions of ADAMTS-4, ADAMTS-5, MMP-3 and MMP-13 and the phosphorylation levels of mTOR protein were significantly increased in cartilage tissues (P<0.05). Compared with model group, the pathological morphology of cartilage was improved significantly in each administration group, and above score or indexes were reversed significantly (P<0.05). Compared with XBN group, the degree of cartilage lesions in rats was further alleviated in XBN+ metformin group, and the levels of above score or indicators were further improved (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS XBN can ameliorate cartilage injury in KOA model rats, promote cartilage synthesis and reduce cartilage degradation, the mechanism of which may be associated with activating AMPK/mTOR signaling pathway.

2.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 139-142, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965202

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of overweight / obesity on the levels of serum immunoglobulin and IGF-1 in children with recurrent respiratory tract infection and its clinical preventive value. Methods In the study, 126 children with recurrent respiratory tract infection admitted to our hospital from January 2019 to June 2021 were included in the analysis, and the BMI standard levels of different age groups were compared to distinguish the children's body types, and then compared with the overweight/obese patients. The information of serum IGF-1 and immunoglobulin levels in infants, obese patients and normal children were analyzed and discussed, and the factors of body type, the expression of serum IGF-1 and immunoglobulin (IgG, IgA, IgM) and the relationship between repeated respiratory tract infection in children were analyzed and discussed. The association between occurrence and disease in order to guide prevention and clinical work. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS 19.0. Results The average age of 126 children with recurrent respiratory tract infection was (5.24±2.09) years old, including 71 male children and 55 female children, 79 mild children and 47 severe children. According to the BMI standard level of age group, 39 overweight and obese children were detected in this study, 16 were thin children, and the remaining 71 children were normal. The expression levels of IGF-1 and IgG, IgA, and IgM were the lowest among the children with different disease states (P<0.05). The expression of -1, IgG, IgA, and IgM was positively correlated with the children's height, weight and BMI (all P<0.05). Conclusion The decreased expression of IGF-1, IgG, IgA and IgM was associated with the aggravation of recurrent respiratory tract infection, especially in emaciated children. It may be associated with low expression of IGF-1 and poor growth and development, low expression of IgG, IgA and IgM and poor immune level. It can actively prevent recurrent respiratory tract infection, especially severe syndrome recurrent respiratory tract infection, in children with high-risk body type, low growth and development level and immune status.

3.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 7-11, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965173

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the relationship between dietary and lifestyle inflammatory scores and metabolic syndrome, diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, tumor and other common metabolic diseases, and to explore the impact of dietary and lifestyle inflammatory potential on metabolic diseases, so as to provide new ideas for the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of metabolic diseases. Methods Databases such as CNKI, Wanfang , and PubMed were searched, and literatures related to the dietary and lifestyle inflammatory scores (DLIS) and metabolic diseases were reviewed . Results Seven articles showed that dietary and lifestyle inflammation scores had a positive correlation with metabolic diseases, and two articles showed that only lifestyle inflammatory scores had a positive correlation with metabolic diseases. Conclusion Dietary and lifestyle inflammatory scores may be positively correlated with metabolic diseases, but some results are still controversial. Further studies are needed to prove the correlation between DLIS and metabolic diseases.

4.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 561-568, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986111

ABSTRACT

Objective: To develop a multi-classification orthodontic image recognition system using the SqueezeNet deep learning model for automatic classification of orthodontic image data. Methods: A total of 35 000 clinical orthodontic images were collected in the Department of Orthodontics, Capital Medical University School of Stomatology, from October to November 2020 and June to July 2021. The images were from 490 orthodontic patients with a male-to-female ratio of 49∶51 and the age range of 4 to 45 years. After data cleaning based on inclusion and exclusion criteria, the final image dataset included 17 453 face images (frontal, smiling, 90° right, 90° left, 45° right, and 45° left), 8 026 intraoral images [frontal occlusion, right occlusion, left occlusion, upper occlusal view (original and flipped), lower occlusal view (original and flipped) and coverage of occlusal relationship], 4 115 X-ray images [lateral skull X-ray from the left side, lateral skull X-ray from the right side, frontal skull X-ray, cone-beam CT (CBCT), and wrist bone X-ray] and 684 other non-orthodontic images. A labeling team composed of orthodontic doctoral students, associate professors, and professors used image labeling tools to classify the orthodontic images into 20 categories, including 6 face image categories, 8 intraoral image categories, 5 X-ray image categories, and other images. The data for each label were randomly divided into training, validation, and testing sets in an 8∶1∶1 ratio using the random function in the Python programming language. The improved SqueezeNet deep learning model was used for training, and 13 000 natural images from the ImageNet open-source dataset were used as additional non-orthodontic images for algorithm optimization of anomaly data processing. A multi-classification orthodontic image recognition system based on deep learning models was constructed. The accuracy of the orthodontic image classification was evaluated using precision, recall, F1 score, and confusion matrix based on the prediction results of the test set. The reliability of the model's image classification judgment logic was verified using the gradient-weighted class activation mapping (Grad-CAM) method to generate heat maps. Results: After data cleaning and labeling, a total of 30 278 orthodontic images were included in the dataset. The test set classification results showed that the precision, recall, and F1 scores of most classification labels were 100%, with only 5 misclassified images out of 3 047, resulting in a system accuracy of 99.84%(3 042/3 047). The precision of anomaly data processing was 100% (10 500/10 500). The heat map showed that the judgment basis of the SqueezeNet deep learning model in the image classification process was basically consistent with that of humans. Conclusions: This study developed a multi-classification orthodontic image recognition system for automatic classification of 20 types of orthodontic images based on the improved SqueezeNet deep learning model. The system exhibitted good accuracy in orthodontic image classification.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Deep Learning , Reproducibility of Results , Radiography , Algorithms , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography
5.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 491-497, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986101

ABSTRACT

Oral mucositis (OM) is a common complication during hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. When OM occurs, with the destruction of oral mucosal barrier function, the formation of oral bacterial environment is accelerated, which has a negative impact on the life quality and clinical outcomes of patients. OM can be prevented by keeping the oral cavity clean, using the mouthwash properly, and limiting the delivery of cytotoxic drugs to oral tissues. This review describes the research progress on the prevention and local intervention of OM in patients with hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, in order to provide ideas for the selection of clinical intervention and management strategies on OM, and to provide references for exploring effective management methods for OM.

6.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 457-461, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986094

ABSTRACT

To propose a new student-guided teaching method, in which students carried out the clustering of different diseases with the same pathological characteristics, and differentiated diagnosis of these diseases. This method was named pathological feature clustering (PFC). Seventy-seven undergraduates of School of Stomatology, Wuhan University were enrolled. Stratified random sampling method was adopted to divide the students into 4 groups with 18-20 students in each group. Each group of students selected a disease from the following four topics as the theme and summarize the histological characteristics of the disease: ①oral mucosal disease;②odontogenic tumors and tumor-like lesions, oral and maxillofacial cysts; ③salivary gland diseases;④epithelial-derived tumors and tumor-like lesions (referred to as topics 1, 2, 3, and 4, respectively). When discussing a specific type of disease, the group which select the topic was the summary group (SG), and the other groups were the non-summary group (NSG). After summarizing, students shared the summary results through PPTs, and teachers made comments and supplements. The teaching effect was evaluated by comparing the results of the pre-class test and the final examination. Students' acceptance of PFC teaching method was evaluated through a questionnaire, which included 8 objective questions and 1 subjective question. Likert-scale was used to design the questionnaire, with 1 to 5 points for each question. Students rated each question according to their own situation. Differences among groups were compared by Mann-Whitney U nonparametric test. The pre-class test results showed that the scores of students in SG group in subjects 1, 2, 3 [(5.6±0.8), 5.0(1.0) and (2.9±1.0) points for subjects 1, 2 and 3, respectively] were higher than those in NSG group [(5.1±1.0), 4.0(2.5) and 1.5(2.5) points] (U=402.50, P=0.047; U=392.00, P=0.026; U=295.00, P=0.003). The final examination results showed that there was no significant difference between the scores of the SG group and the NSG group in subjects 1, 2, 3 and 4 (P>0.05). These results showed that the differences between SG and NSG groups were reduced after the summarizing and share between groups, further demonstrating the effectiveness of the PFC teaching method. The results of questionnaire showed that 81.8%(63/77) students were completely satisfied with PFC teaching method, 13.0%(10/77) students were satisfied and 5.2%(4/77) students were basically satisfied. According to the feedback of Likert scale objective evaluation questionnaire, the mean score of each question ranged from 4.19 to 4.77, indicating that students believed that PFC teaching method had a positive impact on the learning of oral pathology. The PFC teaching method proposed in this study could improve the ability of pathological differential diagnosis of undergraduates.

7.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 527-532, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985903

ABSTRACT

Objective: To describe the gene mutation profile of newly diagnosed pediatric B-acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) and analyze its effect on minimal residual disease (MRD). Methods: A total of 506 newly diagnosed B-ALL children treated in Institute of Hematology & Blood Diseases Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from September 2018 to July 2021 were enrolled in this retrospective cohort study. The enrolled children were divided into MRD ≥1.00% group and <1.00% group according to MRD results on the 19th day since chemotherapy, and MRD ≥0.01% group and <0.01% group according to MRD results on the 46th day. Clinical characteristics and gene mutations of two groups were compared. Comparisons between groups were performed with chi-square test or Fisher's exact test. Independent risk factors of MRD results on the 19th day and the 46th day were analyzed by Logistic regression model. Results: Among all 506 patients, there were 318 males and 188 females. On the 19th day, there were 114 patients in the MRD ≥1.00% group and 392 patients in the MRD <1.00% group. On the 46th day, there were 76 patients in the MRD ≥0.01% group and 430 patients in the MRD <0.01% group. A total of 187 gene mutations were detected in 487 (96.2%) of 506 children. The most common gene mutations were signal transduction-related KRAS gene mutations in 111 cases (22.8%) and NRAS gene mutations in 99 cases (20.3%). Multivariate analysis showed that PTPN11 (OR=1.92, 95%CI 1.00-3.63), KMT2A (OR=3.51, 95%CI 1.07-11.50) gene mutations and TEL-AML1 (OR=0.48, 95%CI 0.27-0.87), BCR-ABL1 (OR=0.27, 95%CI 0.08-0.92) fusion genes and age >10 years (OR=1.91, 95%CI 1.12-3.24) were independent influencing factors for MRD ≥1.00% on the 19th day. BCORL1 (OR=2.96, 95%CI 1.18-7.44), JAK2 (OR=2.99, 95%CI 1.07-8.42) and JAK3 (OR=4.83, 95%CI 1.50-15.60) gene mutations and TEL-AML1 (OR=0.43, 95%CI 0.21-0.87) fusion gene were independent influencing factors for MRD ≥0.01% on the 46th day. Conclusions: Children with B-ALL are prone to genetic mutations, with abnormalities in the RAS signaling pathway being the most common. Signal transduction related PTPN11, JAK2 and JAK3 gene mutations, epigenetic related KMT2A gene mutation and transcription factor related BCORL1 gene mutation are independent risk factors for MRD.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Male , Humans , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Neoplasm, Residual/genetics , Retrospective Studies , Genomics , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma
8.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 339-344, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985873

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the clinical and genetic characteristics of children with dopa-responsive dystonia (DRD) caused by tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) gene variations. Methods: Clinical data of 9 children with DRD caused by TH gene variations diagnosed in the Department of Children Rehabilitation, the Third Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January 2017 to August 2022 were retrospectively collected and analyzed, including the general conditions, clinical manifestations, laboratory tests, gene variations and follow-up data. Results: Of the 9 children with DRD caused by TH gene variations, 3 were males and 6 were females. The age at diagnosis was 12.0 (8.0, 15.0) months. The initial symptoms of the 8 severe patients were motor delay or degression. Clinical symptoms of the severe patients included motor delay (8 cases), truncal hypotonia (8 cases), limb muscle hypotonia (7 cases), hypokinesia (6 cases), decreased facial expression (4 cases), tremor (3 cases), limb dystonia (3 cases), diurnal fluctuation (2 cases), ptosis (2 cases), limb muscle hypertonia (1 case) and drooling (1 case). The initial symptom of the very severe patient was motor delay. Clinical symptoms of the very severe patient included motor delay, truncal hypotonia, oculogyric crises, status dystonicus, hypokinesia, decreased facial expression, and decreased sleep. Eleven TH gene variants were found, including 5 missense variants, 3 splice site variants, 2 nonsense variants, and 1 insertion variant, as well as 2 novel variants (c.941C>A (p.T314K), c.316_317insCGT (p.F106delinsSF)). Nine patients were followed up for 40 (29, 43) months, and no one was lost to follow-up. Seven of the 8 severe patients were treated by levodopa and benserazide hydrochloride tablets and 1 severe patient was treated by levodopa tablets. All the severe patients responded well to levodopa and benserazide hydrochloride tablets or levodopa tablets. Although the weight of the patients increased and the drug dosage was not increased, the curative effect remained stable and there was no obvious adverse reaction. One severe patient developed dyskinesia in the early stage of treatment with levodopa and benserazide hydrochloride tablets and it disappeared after oral administration of benzhexol hydrochloride tablets. Until the last follow-up, motor development of 7 severe patients returned to normal and 1 severe patient still had motor delay due to receiving levodopa and benserazide hydrochloride tablets for only 2 months. The very severe patient was extremely sensitive to levodopa and benserazide hydrochloride tablets and no improvement was observed in this patient. Conclusions: Most of the DRD caused by TH gene variations are severe form. The clinical manifestations are varied and easily misdiagnosed. Patients of the severe patients responded well to levodopa and benserazide hydrochloride tablets or levodopa tablets, and it takes a long time before full effects of treatment become established. Long-term effect is stable without increasing the drug dosage, and no obvious side effect is observed.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Benserazide/therapeutic use , Dystonia/genetics , Hypokinesia/drug therapy , Levodopa/pharmacology , Muscle Hypotonia , Retrospective Studies , Tyrosine 3-Monooxygenase/genetics
9.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 328-332, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985871

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the association between screen exposure and language skills in children aged 2-5 years. Methods: There were 299 children aged 2-5 years, recruited by convenience sampling from those who visited the Center of Children's Healthcare, Children's Hospital, Capital Institute of Pediatrics for routine physical examination from November 2020 to November 2021. Their development status were evaluated by the children neuropsychological and behavioral scale (revision 2016). A self-designed questionnaire for parents was conducted to collect demographic and socioeconomic information and screen exposure characteristics (time and quality). One-way ANOVA and independent sample t test were applied to compare the differences in language development quotient of children with different screen exposure time and quality. Multiple linear regression was used to analyze the correlation between screen exposure time and quality with language developmental quotient. Multivariate Logistic regression was used to analyze the risk of language underdevelopment in children with different screen exposure time and quality. Results: Among 299 children, 184 (61.5%) were boys and 115 (38.5%) were girls, with the age of (3.9±1.1) years. The number of children with daily screen time <60, 60-120 and>120 min was 163 children (54.5%), 86 children (28.8%) and 50 children (16.7%), respectively, with the language development quotients of 94±13, 90±13, 84±14, respectively, demonstrating a statistically significant difference (F=8.92, P<0.001). Logistic regression analysis revealed that screen exposure time of 60-120 and >120 min per day were both risk factors for children's language developmental quotients (OR=2.28, 95%CI 1.00-5.17, P=0.043; OR=3.96, 95%CI 1.86-9.17, P<0.001), and co-viewing and exposure to educational programs were both protective factors for children's language developmental quotients (OR=0.48, 95%CI 0.25-0.91, P=0.024, OR=0.36, 95%CI 0.19-0.70, P=0.003). Conclusions: Excessive exposure screen time and inappropriate screen exposure habits are associated with children's poorer language development. Screen exposure time should be limited and screen use should be rational to promote children's language skills.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Child , Surveys and Questionnaires , Parents/psychology , Cognition , Risk Factors
10.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 732-735, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985465

ABSTRACT

This study followed up the immune memory after 3-dose revaccination among infants with non-and low-response following primary hepatitis B (HepB) vaccination. About 120 children without self-booster doses were finally included who had anti-HBs<10 mIU/ml (anti-HBs negative) at the time of follow-up, of whom 86 children completed blood sampling and anti-HBs testing. Before the challenge dose, all 86 children were negative for anti-HBs, and the GMC of anti-HBs was<10 mIU/ml. The seropositive conversion rate of anti-HBs was 100% and the GMC of anti-HBs was 886.11 (95%CI: 678.15-1 157.84) mIU/ml after the challenge dose. Compared with those with GMC<7 mIU/ml before the challenge dose, infants with GMC>7 mIU/ml had a higher anti-HBs level after the challenge dose. The β value (95%CI) was 0.82 (0.18-1.46) (P=0.012). Compared with those with GMC<1 000 mIU/ml at primary vaccination, infants with GMC≥1 000 mIU/ml had a higher anti-HBs level after the challenge dose. The β value (95%CI) was 0.78 (0.18-1.38)(P=0.012). The results showed a stronger immune memory was found at 9 years after revaccination among infants with non-and low-response to HepB.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Infant , Hepatitis B Vaccines , Immunization, Secondary , Hepatitis B Surface Antigens , Immunologic Memory , Follow-Up Studies , Vaccination , Hepatitis B/prevention & control , Hepatitis B Antibodies
11.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 728-731, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985464

ABSTRACT

An epidemiological investigation was conducted on a cluster epidemic of COVID-19 in the vaccinated population in Beijing in 2022, and serum samples were collected from 21 infected cases and 61 close contacts (including 20 cases with positive nucleic acid in the isolation observation period). The results of antibody detection showed that the IgM antibody of two infected persons was positive, and the IgG antibody positive rates of patients who were converted, not converted to positive and infected persons were 36.84% (7/19), 63.41% (26/41) and 71.43% (15/21), respectively. About 98.78% of patients had been vaccinated with the SARS-CoV-2 inactivated vaccine. The positive rate of IgG antibody in patients immunized with three doses of vaccine was 86.00% (43/50), which was higher than that in patients with one or two doses [16.12% (5/31)]. The antibody level of M (Q1, Q3) in patients immunized with three doses was 4.255 (2.303, 7.0375), which was higher than that in patients with one or two doses [0.500 (0.500, 0.500)] (all P values<0.001). The antibody level of patients who were vaccinated less than three months [7.335 (1.909, 7.858)] was higher than that of patients vaccinated more than three months after the last vaccination [2.125 (0.500, 4.418)] (P=0.007). The positive rate and level of IgG antibody in patients who were converted to positive after three doses were 77.78% (7/9) and 4.207 (2.216, 7.099), respectively, which were higher than those in patients who were converted after one or two doses [0 and 0.500 (0.500, 0.500)] (all P values<0.05).


Subject(s)
Humans , COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , Disease Outbreaks , COVID-19 Vaccines , Immunoglobulin G , Antibodies, Viral
12.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 92-105, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971374

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Shelter hospital was an alternative way to provide large-scale medical isolation and treatment for people with mild coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Due to various reasons, patients admitted to the large shelter hospital was reported high level of psychological distress, so did the healthcare workers. This study aims to introduce a comprehensive and multifaceted psychosocial crisis intervention model.@*METHODS@#The psychosocial crisis intervention model was provided to 200 patients and 240 healthcare workers in Wuhan Wuchang shelter hospital. Patient volunteers and organized peer support, client-centered culturally sensitive supportive care, timely delivery of scientific information about COVID-19 and its complications, mental health knowledge acquisition of non-psychiatric healthcare workers, group activities, counseling and education, virtualization of psychological intervention, consultation and liaison were exhibited respectively in the model. Pre-service survey was done in 38 patients and 49 healthcare workers using the Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-item (GAD-7) scale, the Patient Health Questionnaire 2-item (PHQ-2) scale, and the Primary Care PTSD screen for the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (PC-PTSD-5). Forty-eight healthcare workers gave feedback after the intervention.@*RESULTS@#The psychosocial crisis intervention model was successfully implemented by 10 mental health professionals and was well-accepted by both patients and healthcare workers in the shelter hospital. In pre-service survey, 15.8% of 38 patients were with anxiety, 55.3% were with stress, and 15.8% were with depression; 16.3% of 49 healthcare workers were with anxiety, 26.5% were with stress, and 22.4% were with depression. In post-service survey, 62.5% of 48 healthcare workers thought it was very practical, 37.5% thought more practical; 37.5% of them thought it was very helpful to relief anxiety and insomnia, and 27.1% thought much helpful; 37.5% of them thought it was very helpful to recognize patients with anxiety and insomnia, and 29.2% thought much helpful; 35.4% of them thought it was very helpful to deal with patients' anxiety and insomnia, and 37.5% thought much helpful.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Psychological crisis intervention is feasible, acceptable, and associated with positive outcomes. Future tastings of this model in larger population and different settings are warranted.


Subject(s)
Humans , COVID-19 , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders , Crisis Intervention , Psychosocial Intervention , SARS-CoV-2 , Mental Health , Depression/epidemiology , Health Personnel/psychology , Anxiety/etiology
13.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2316-2324, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981307

ABSTRACT

Patchoulol is an important sesquiterpenoid in the volatile oil of Pogostemon cablin, and is also considered to be the main contributing component to the pharmacological efficacy and fragrance of P. cablin oil, which has antibacterial, antitumor, antioxidant, and other biological activities. Currently, patchoulol and its essential oil blends are in high demand worldwide, but the traditional plant extraction method has many problems such as wasting land and polluting the environment. Therefore, there is an urgent need for a new method to produce patchoulol efficiently and at low cost. To broaden the production method of patchouli and achieve the heterologous production of patchoulol in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the patchoulol synthase(PS) gene from P. cablin was codon optimized and placed under the inducible strong promoter GAL1 to transfer into the yeast platform strain YTT-T5, thereby obtaining strain PS00 with the production of(4.0±0.3) mg·L~(-1) patchoulol. To improve the conversion rate, this study used protein fusion method to fuse SmFPS gene from Salvia miltiorrhiza with PS gene, leading to increase the yield of patchoulol to(100.9±7.4) mg·L~(-1) by 25-folds. By further optimizing the copy number of the fusion gene, the yield of patchoulol was increased by 90% to(191.1±32.7) mg·L~(-1). By optimizing the fermentation process, the strain was able to achieve a patchouli yield of 2.1 g·L~(-1) in a high-density fermentation system, which was the highest yield so far. This study provides an important basis for the green production of patchoulol.


Subject(s)
Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolism , Sesquiterpenes/metabolism , Pogostemon , Oils, Volatile/metabolism
14.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 512-518, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981299

ABSTRACT

Multiple myeloma(MM)is a systemic malignancy of plasma cells.Nowadays,the basic research on MM is flourishing with the continuous optimization and innovation of mouse models of MM.Heterologous mouse models of MM established with human-derived cells and immunodeficient mice have been applied in assessing drug efficacy,exploring drug resistance mechanisms,and observing tumor-bone marrow microenvironment interactions.In the last decades,the homologous mouse models of MM established with murine-derived cells or gene-editing technologies have been widely used in the research on the pathogenesis and drug development.Additionally,the stable modeling of targeted organ injury will be a key problem to be tackled in this field.This review summarizes the characteristics and application progress of mouse models of MM.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Mice , Multiple Myeloma/pathology , Bone Marrow/pathology , Disease Models, Animal , Drug Resistance , Tumor Microenvironment
15.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 290-297, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981266

ABSTRACT

Although the development of novel drugs has significantly improved the survival of patients with multiple myeloma (MM) over the past decades,the lack of effective therapeutic options for relapsed and refractory MM results in poor prognosis.The chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy has achieved considerable progress in relapsed and refractory MM.Nevertheless,this therapy still has limitations such as cytokine release syndrome,neurotoxicity,and off-target effects.Natural killer (NK) cells,as a critical component of the innate immune system,play an essential role in tumor immunosurveillance.Therefore,CAR-modified NK (CAR-NK) cells are put forward as a therapeutic option for MM.The available studies have suggested that multiple targets can be used as specific therapeutic targets for CAR-NK cell therapy and confirmed their antitumor effects in MM cell lines and animal models.This review summarizes the anti-tumor mechanisms,biological characteristics,and dysfunction of NK cells in the MM tumor microenvironment,as well as the basic and clinical research progress of CAR-NK cells in treating MM.


Subject(s)
Animals , Receptors, Chimeric Antigen/metabolism , Multiple Myeloma/metabolism , Killer Cells, Natural/metabolism , Immunotherapy, Adoptive/methods , Tumor Microenvironment
16.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2861-2873, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981237

ABSTRACT

Auto-inhibited Ca2+-ATPase (ACA) is one of the Ca2+-ATPase subfamilies that plays an important role in maintaining Ca2+ concentration balance in plant cells. To explore the function and gene expression pattern of the RcACA gene family in castor, bioinformatics analysis was used to identify the members of the RcACA gene family in castor. The basic physical and chemical properties, subcellular location, protein secondary and tertiary structure, conserved domain, conserved motif, gene structure, chromosome location and collinear relationship, as well as the evolutionary characteristics and promoter cis-acting elements were predicted and analyzed. The expression pattern of the RcACA gene under abiotic stress was analyzed by expression (fragments per kilobase of exon model per million mapped fragments, FPKM) in castor transcriptome data. The results showed that 8 RcACA gene family members were identified in castor, acidic proteins located in the plasma membrane. In the secondary structure of all proteins, the α-helix and random coil is more; the RcACA genes were clustered into three categories, and the design of the genes in the same category was similar to the conserved motif. Both of them had four typical domains, RcACA3-RcACA8 had a Ca2+-ATPase N-terminal autoinhibitory domain. The RcACA gene is mostly located on the long arm of the chromosome and has 2 pairs of collinear relationships. There are more light response elements but fewer hormone-induced elements located upstream of the RcACA coding region. Interspecific clustering showed that the evolution of ACA genes among species was conservative. Tissue expression pattern analysis showed that RcACA genes showed apparent tissue expression specificity, and most of the genes showed the highest expression level in male flowers. Expression analysis under abiotic stress showed that RcACA2-RcACA8 were up-regulated under high salt and drought stress, and RcACA1 was up-regulated at 0-24 h under low-temperature stress, indicating that RcACA genes positively responded to abiotic stresses. The above results provide a theoretical basis for exploring the role of the RcACA gene in castor growth, development and stress response.


Subject(s)
Genome, Plant , Stress, Physiological/genetics , Transcriptome , Promoter Regions, Genetic , Phylogeny , Plant Proteins/metabolism , Gene Expression Regulation, Plant
17.
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 323-332, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981130

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study aimed to evaluate and analyze the current situation of dentists in Guangdong pro-vince regarding the management of avulsed incisors, thereby providing a reference for making treatment strategies for avulsed incisors in the future.@*METHODS@#A total of 712 dentists with different educational backgrounds and working conditions in Guangdong province were randomly selected to conduct an online questionnaire survey on the cognition of children with avulsed incisors from April 2022 to May 2022. The data were recorded by Excel software and statistics were analyzed on Stata/SE 15.1.@*RESULTS@#A total of 712 dentists were investigated and 701 questionnaires were collected (98.46%). In addition, 65.9% of investigators came from the Department of Stomatology in a First-class Hospital or Stomatological Hospital. The results showed that the average number of avulsed teeth consulted by dentists was less than 20 per year. Although 99.7% of respondents considered normal saline as a suitable storage medium, 3.1% and 23.8% of them had a misunderstanding that the tap/alcohol could be used for root cleaning. Moreover, 93.4% was the correct selection rate of the treatment plan for processing on root surfaces before replanting by investigators. The correct selection rate of the duration using elastic fixation was only 10.7%. Meanwhile, 42.9% of investigators refused to inoculate tetanus immunoglobulin after teeth replanting. Emergency management of dental avulsion (EM) and clinical management of dental avulsion (CM) answered correctly with average scores of 14.60±11.85 and 14.48±2.67, respectively. Multivariate linear regression analysis revealed that working years were negatively correlated with EM and CM scores (P<0.05). There was a positive correlation between CM and EM scores with the number of avulsion cases treated by physicians each year (P<0.05). In terms of the EM score of dentists' learning attitude, investigators who had received enough knowledge were higher than those who had not and insufficient knowledge reserved, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). The scores of investigators who thought they had a certain degree of knowledge about dental trauma were higher than those who thought they "did not understand", and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). In terms of CM scores, investigators who thought the knowledge of dental trauma was "very helpful" had higher scores than those who thought it was "not helpful", and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). The scores of the investigators who thought they had "relatively sufficient knowledge" of dental trauma were higher than those who thought they had "no knowledge" or "insufficient know-ledge", and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The overall accuracy of the management of avulsed incisors among dentists was low in Guangdong province. Dentists were more likely to have a higher rate of accuracy choice in treatment options for luxation injury and avulsion to enhance the prognosis of replanted teeth.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Tooth Avulsion/therapy , Incisor , Tooth Replantation/methods , Surveys and Questionnaires , Dentists , Cognition , China , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
18.
Chinese Journal of Ocular Fundus Diseases ; (6): 227-231, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995618

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical features in patients of Purtscher-like retinopathy (PLR) associated with COVID-19.Methods:A retrospective clinical study. Clinical data of 4 patients (7 eyes) of PLR associated with COVID-19 which was firstly diagnosed in Department of Ophthalmology, The Second Hospital of The Army Medical University ranging from December 2022 to January 2023 were included. All patients were examined by best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), color fundus photography, optical coherence tomography (OCT), OCT angiography, fundus fluorescein angiography (FFA), multifocal electroretinogram (mf-ERG), visual field. Oral vasodilators and neurotrophic agents were applied after definite diagnosis. Three patients were treated by intravenous dexamethasone (10 mg) for 3 days. Follow-up time spans for 4 weeks. The multi-model images, clinical features and treatment response of patients were also retrospectively studied.Results:Among 4 patients (7 eyes), 2 cases were male (3 eyes), 2 cases were female (4 eyes), the mean age was (36.00±17.57) years; 3 cases were unilateral, 1 case were unilateral. The time from diagnosis of COVID-19 to the onset of eye symptoms was 2 to 3 days. The BCVA of the affected eye was finger counting for 20 cm to 0.5. Color fundus photography examination revealed that several retinal whitening of varying sizes distributed diffusely on the retina (cotton-wool spots and Purtscher flecken). OCT examination showed that the retinal nerve fiber layer was significantly thickened and the reflex was enhanced in the area corresponding to the gray and white lesions, the inner nuclear layer, internal and external plexus layer segmental and banded strong reflex was observed in 5 eyes. En-face image showed mottled strong reflex in the inner retinal layer and around the deep capillary plexus (DCP). For OCTA, the signal of superficial capillaries and cotton wool spots were lost, and blood flow of deep DCP was poorly distributed. FFA examination showed that the obscured fluorescence of choroid background of Purtscher spot and capillary non-perfusion area. mf-ERG examination showed decreased amplitude of retinal a-wave and b-wave. Visual field examination showed central and paracentral scotoma. During follow-up, the BCVA of diseased eyes were raised, scotomas were shrunk, cotton wool spots and Purtscher flecken became smaller. OCT examination showed that the thickness of the original thickened retinal nerve fiber layer became thinner, the area of the strong reflex area was reduced, and the inner layer of the original segmental strong reflex area was thinner. OCTA examination revealed partial recovery of blood flow signal.Conclusion:For PLR associated with COVID-19, OCT shows thickening of retinal nerve fiber layer, segmental and banding strong reflex in part of the inner layer and inner plexus layers; OCTA is manifested by ischemia in the middle retina and DCP.

19.
Chinese Journal of Ocular Fundus Diseases ; (6): 208-213, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995614

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical and multimodel image features in patients of acute macular neuroretinopathy (AMN) associated with COVID-19.Methods:Clinical data and multimodal imaging results in 12 patients (24 eyes) of AMN associated with COVID-19 which were diagnosed in our Department of Ophthalmology, The Second Hospital of The Army Medical University ranging from December 2022 to January 2023 were included. All patients were examined by best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), color fundus photography, optical coherence tomography (OCT), OCT angiography (OCTA), visual field tests, high-resolution computed tomography of the lungs and inflammation-related laboratory tests. After diagnosis, patients were reveived methylcobalamin and Ginaton therapy, 6 patients receiced intravenous dripping of dexamethasone. The follow-up time of this study was 4 weeks.Results:There were 1 male (2 eyes) and 11 females (22 eyes), with the mean age of (29.00±5.17) years. For all cases, decreased vision presented 1 to 2 days after patients being suffered from several flu-like symptoms of COVID-19. Ten eyes in 5 patients were at the acute phrase of AMN, which the vision decrease occurred 1-5 days after they were diagnosed with COVID-19; 14 eyes in 7 patients were at the progressive stage of AMN, which they were diagnosed with COVID-19 for more than 5 days. The BCVA of patients were 0.02-0.9, in company with one or more central/pericentral scotoma. Fundus ophthalmoscopy revealed reddish-brown lesion around macula, IR imaging demonstrated localized areas of hypo-shape lesions in the macula. For 16 eyes, their OCTA revealed a decreased density of blood flow in the deep layer of retinal capillary plexus, and OCT revealed that high reflex bands existed in the outer nuclear layer (ONL) and outer plexiform layer of the retina at the acute phrase of AMN, in accompany with hypo-reflection in ellipsoid zone (EZ) and interdigitation zone (IZ); for retina at the progressive stage of AMN, ONL became thinner in some cases and the continuation interruption occurred in EZ and IZ. For en-face OCT, high reflex bands with clear edges existed in the ONL and EZ layer of the retina at the acute phrase of AMN, but no high reflex bands existed in the ONL and EZ layers of the retina at the progressive stage of AMN. Instead, hypo-reflection with similar shape occurred in the EZ and IZ layers at the progressive stage of AMN. During treatment, 5 patients at the acute phrase reported a shrinking central scotomas and raised BCVA, otherwise the BCVA of 7 patients at the progressive stage changed slightly. For 10 eyes at the acute phrase of AMN, OCT revealed that the high reflex bands of ONL and OPL missed within 1 week. En-face OCT revealed the hyper-reflection in the ONL and EZ layers of retina in the acute phrase of AMN receded within 1 week, but hypo-reflection of ONL and EZ still presented.Conclusions:For AMN associated with COVID-19, IR imaging demonstrated localized areas of hypo-shape lesions in the macula. OCT revealed high reflex bands in ONL and OPL of the retina at the acute phrase of AMN, but hypo-reflection of ONL and EZ still presented. The continuation interruption occurred in EZ and IZ at the progressive phrase. En-face OCT revealed hyper-reflection in ONL and EZ of the retina at the acute phrase which receded within 1 week, and hypo-reflection in EZ and IZ of the retina presented at all phrases during AMN progression.

20.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 405-408, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995569

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the influence of Mei mini maze procedure for atrial functional mitral regurgitation.Methods:The data of 33 patients with atrial fibrillation and atrial functional mitral regurgitation from January 2017 to June 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. All patients received Mei mini maze procedure for atrial fibrillation. The procedure is carried out thoracoscopically through the left thoracic approach. The ablation of atrial fibrillation includes bilateral circumferential pulmonary vein ablation, isolation of the left atrium posterior wall, left atrial appendage resection, ablation of Marshall's ligament and autonomic ganglion, etc. Follow-up was conducted by outpatient follow-up and telephone. Postoperative heart rhythm was recorded by the patient's symptoms, electrocardiogram, 24 h holter and other examinations. Postoperative mitral valve lesions were obtained by echocardiography.Results:33 patients successfully completed the operation. There was no conversion to thoracotomy and no perioperative death. Thirty patients(90.9%) maintained sinus rhythm at discharge. Before discharge, 16 patients had no mitral regurgitation in echocardiography, 8 patients had mild mitral regurgitation, and 9 patients had moderate mitral regurgitation. Follow-up was 1-4 years after discharge, with a mean of(2.6±1.1) years. Sinus rhythm was maintained in 23 patients(69.7%). 17 patients had no mitral regurgitation, 9 had mild mitral regurgitation, 6 had moderate, and 1 had severe mitral regurgitation. The degree of regurgitation in 25 patients was reduced compared with pre-operation, 5 patients remained unchanged, and 3 patients mitral regurgitation aggravated. Unreduced atrial functional mitral regurgitation was associated with recurrence of atrial fibrillation by Cox multivariate analysis.Conclusion:This study found a close relationship between atrial fibrillation rhythm and atrial functional mitral regurgitation. Most moderate atrial functional mitral regurgitation can be alleviated by effective treatment for atrial fibrillation. It is not recommended that patients with severe atrial functional mitral regurgitation only receive treatment for atrial fibrillation.

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