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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 82: e250865, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | MEDLINE, LILACSEXPRESS | ID: biblio-1285604

ABSTRACT

Abstract Cadmium (Cd) is one of the major toxicants, which affects human health through occupational and environmental exposure. In the current study, we evaluated the protective effects of morel mushrooms against Cd-induced reproductive damages in rats. For this purpose, 30 male rats were divided into 6 groups (n=5/group), the first group served as the control group, second group was treated with an intraperitoneal (i.p) injection of 1 mg/kg/day of Cd. Third and fourth groups were co-treated with 1 mg/kg/day of Cd (i.p) and 10 and 20 mg/kg/day of morel mushroom extract (orally) respectively. The final 2 groups received oral gavage of 10 and 20 mg/kg/day of morel mushroom extract alone. After treatment for 17 days, the animals were euthanized, and testes and epididymis were dissected out. One testis and epididymis of each animal were processed for histology, while the other testis and epididymis were used for daily sperm production (DSP) and comet assay. Our results showed that Cd and morel mushrooms have no effect on animal weight, but Cd significantly decreases the DSP count and damages the heritable DNA which is reversed in co-treatment groups. Similarly, the histopathological results of testes and epididymis show that morel mushrooms control the damage to these tissues. Whereas the morel mushroom extract alone could enhance the production of testosterone. These results conclude that morel mushrooms not only control the damage done by Cd, but it could also be used as a protection mechanism for heritable DNA damage.


Resumo O cádmio (Cd) é um dos principais tóxicos, que afeta a saúde humana por meio da exposição ocupacional e ambiental. No presente estudo, avaliamos os efeitos protetores dos cogumelos morel contra os danos reprodutivos induzidos pelo Cd em ratos. Para tanto, 30 ratos machos foram divididos em 6 grupos (n = 5 / grupo); o primeiro grupo serviu de controle, o segundo grupo foi tratado com injeção intraperitoneal (i.p) de 1 mg / kg / dia de Cd. O terceiro e o quarto grupos foram cotratados com 1 mg / kg / dia de Cd (i.p) e 10 e 20 mg / kg / dia de extrato de cogumelo morel (por via oral), respectivamente. Os dois grupos finais receberam gavagem oral de 10 e 20 mg / kg / dia de extrato de cogumelo morel sozinho. Após o tratamento por 17 dias, os animais foram sacrificados e os testículos e o epidídimo foram dissecados. Um testículo e epidídimo de cada animal foram processados ​​para histologia, enquanto o outro testículo e epidídimo foram usados ​​para produção diária de esperma (DSP) e ensaio cometa. Nossos resultados mostraram que os cogumelos Cd e morel não têm efeito sobre o peso do animal, mas o Cd diminui significativamente a contagem de DSP e danifica o DNA hereditário, que é revertido em grupos de cotratamento. Da mesma forma, os resultados histopatológicos dos testículos e do epidídimo mostram que os cogumelos morel controlam os danos a esses tecidos. Considerando que o extrato de cogumelo morel sozinho pode aumentar a produção de testosterona. Esses resultados concluem que os cogumelos morel não apenas controlam os danos causados pelo Cd, mas também podem ser usados ​​como um mecanismo de proteção para danos hereditários ao DNA.

2.
Braz. j. biol ; 81(2): 351-360, Jan.-May 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153372

ABSTRACT

Abstract Lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs) caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa are the most common infection among hospitalized patients, associated with increased levels of morbidity, mortality and attributable health care costs. Increased resistant Pseudomonas worldwide has been quite meaningful to patients, especially in intensive care unit (ICUs). Different species of Pseudomonas exhibit different genetic profile and varied drug resistance. The present study determines the molecular epidemiology through DNA fingerprinting method and drug resistance of P. aeruginosa isolated from patients with LTRIs admitted in ICU. A total of 79 P. aeruginosa isolated from patients with LRTIs admitted in ICU were characterized by Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism (RFLP), Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD) and Repetitive Extrapalindromic PCR (REP-PCR). Antibiotic resistance was determined by minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) assay while MDR genes, viz, blaTEM, blaOXA, blaVIM, blaCTX-M-15 were detected by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Of the 137 Pseudomonas sp isolated from ICU patients, 57.7% of the isolates were reported to be P. aeruginosa. The overall prevalence of P. aeruginosa among the all included patients was 34.5%. The RAPD analysis yielded 45 different patterns with 72 clusters with 57% to 100% similarity level. The RFLP analysis yielded 8 different patterns with 14 clusters with 76% to 100% similarity level. The REP PCR analysis yielded 37 different patterns with 65 clusters with 56% to 100% similarity level. There was no correlation among the different DNA patterns observed between the three different methods. Predominant of the isolates (46.8%) were resistant to amikacin. Of the 79 isolates, 60.8% were positive for blaTEM gene and 39.2% were positive for blaOXA gene. P. aeruginosa was predominantly isolated from patients with LRTIs admitted in ICU. The difference in the similarity level observed between the three DNA fingerprinting methods indicates that there is high inter-strain variability. The high genetic variability and resistance patterns indicates that we should continuously monitor the trend in the prevalence and antibiotic resistance of P. aeruginosa especially in patients with LRTIs admitted in ICU.


Resumo Infecções do trato respiratório inferior (ITRIs) são as infecções mais comuns entre pacientes internados em unidade de terapia intensiva (UTI). Pseudomonas aeruginosa é a causa mais comum de ITRIs e está associada ao aumento da mortalidade. Diferentes espécies de Pseudomonas exibem diferentes perfis genéticos e resistência variada as drogas. O presente estudo determina a epidemiologia molecular através do método de fingerprinting de DNA e resistência as drogas de P. aeruginosa isoladas de pacientes com LTRIs internados em UTI. Um total de 79 P. aeruginosa isoladas de pacientes com ITRIs internados em UTI foram caracterizados por Polimorfismo de Comprimento de Fragmentos de Restrição (RFLP), DNA Polimórfico Amplificado ao Acaso (RAPD) e PCR Extrapalindrômico Repetitivo (REP-PCR). A resistência aos antibióticos foram determinadas pelos ensaios de concentrações inibitória mínima (MIC), enquanto os genes MDR, blaTEM, blaOXA, blaVIM, blaCTX-M-15 foram detectados pela reação em cadeia da polimerase (PCR). Das 137 Pseudomonas sp isoladas de pacientes de UTI, 57,7% dos isolados foram relatados como P. aeruginosa. A prevalência geral de P. aeruginosa entre os pacientes incluídos foram de 34,5%. A análise RAPD renderam 45 padrões diferentes com 72 clusters com nível de similaridade de 57% a 100%. A análise RFLP renderam 8 padrões diferentes com 14 clusters com 76% a 100% de similaridade. A análise de PCR do REP produziram 37 padrões diferentes com 65 clusters com nível de similaridade de 56% a 100%. Não houveram correlações entre os diferentes padrões de DNA observados entre os três diferentes métodos. Predominantes dos isolados (46,8%) eram resistentes à amicacina. Dos 79 isolados, 60,8% foram positivos para o gene blaTEM e 39,2% foram positivos para o gene blaOXA. P. aeruginosa foi predominantemente isolado de pacientes com ITRIs internados em UTI. A diferença no nível de similaridade observado entre os três métodos de fingerprinting do DNA indica que há alta variabilidade inter-strain. A alta variabilidade genética e os padrões de resistência indicam que devemos monitorar continuamente a tendência na prevalência e resistência a antibióticos de P. aeruginosa, especialmente em pacientes com ITRIs internados em UTI.

3.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(3): 1056-1062, May-June, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | ID: biblio-1129773

ABSTRACT

Utilizando um anticorpo monoclonal contra a aflatoxina B1 (AFB1) como ligante, foi identificado um mimotopo específico de aflatoxina B1 após se realizarem quatro ciclos de seleção biológica de 7-peptídeos aleatórios em biblioteca de fago exibida. O mimotopo é denominado P10, e sua sequência de aminoácidos é YRRHEKD. O soro imunológico de ratos Balb/c imunizados com P10 foi especificamente ligado à aflatoxina B1-albumina, indicando que o anticorpo era específico ao AFB1. Esses resultados sugerem que é possível desenvolver a vacina baseada em mimotopo associado à toxina.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Fungal Vaccines/analysis , Aflatoxin B1 , Aptamers, Peptide/immunology , Immunogenicity, Vaccine , Mice, Inbred BALB C/immunology
4.
J Environ Biol ; 2020 May; 41(3): 556-562
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-214510

ABSTRACT

Aim: The effects of UV-B pretreatment on biosynthesis of active ingredients in Prunella vulgaris L. were studied from three aspects: active ingredients, physiological and biochemical parameters and key enzymes of rosmarinic acid metabolism pathway.Methodology: In greenhouse, the seedlings of P. vulgaris were subjected to UV-B treatment for 30 min from 10:30 a.m. to 11:00 a.m. every day for 10 days and then transplanted to field. After ripening, the leaves were harvested for physiological and biochemical estimations and the expression of key enzyme genes and the contents of active ingredients were measured by ear picking. Results: The results of active ingredient content showed that artificial UV-B radiation increased the contents of phenolic acids and individual flavonoids at mature fruiting stage compared with control plants. Physiological and biochemical results indicated that increase in peroxidase, ascorbate peroxidase, and superoxide dismutase activities seem to be active responses to alleviate the deleterious effects of UV-B in P. vulgaris. Under UV-B pre-treatment, genes related to rosmarinic acid/phenolic acid biosynthesis were significantly (p<0.05) over-expressed at seedling stage of P. vulgaris. Interpretation: This study indicated that UV-B pre-treatment in the seedling stage before transplantation to field is effective for inducing phenolic acid and flavonoid accumulation in P. vulgaris ears at mature fruiting stage.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708186

ABSTRACT

Objective To quantitatively compare the γ-H2AX foci formation between DNA-PKcs+/+and DNA-PKcs-/-mouse embryonic fibroblast(MEF)cells,and to investigate the dynamic changes in DNA double-strand breaks(DSBs)in human nasopharyngeal carcinoma SUNE-1 cells exposed to X-ray radiation. Methods The expression of DNA-PKcs was determined by Western blot. The γ-H2AX foci formation induced by 5 Gy X-ray radiation was detected by cell immunofluorescence. The ImageJ software was used to quantitatively analyze the γ-H2AX foci formation. Results The expression of DNA-PKcs was silenced in DNA-PKcs-/-MEF cells and normal in DNA-PKcs+/+MEF cells. According to the dynamic analyses of the numbers of γ-H2AX foci/cell and γ-H2AX foci/mm2, a similar tendency was observed in DSB formation in DNA-PKcs+/+MEF cells, DNA-PKcs-/-MEF cells,and SUNE-1 cells exposed to X-ray radiation. A large number of γ-H2AX foci formed at 0.5-1.0 h after radiation. DSBs were repaired at 6 h after radiation in DNA-PKcs+/+MEF cells and 24 h after radiation in DNA-PKcs-/-MEF cells and SUNE-1 cells. The peak values of γ-H2AX foci/cell and γ-H2AX foci/mm2were observed at 1.0 and 0.5 h after radiation, respectively. Compared with DNA-PKcs+/+MEF cells, DNA-PKcs-/-MEF cells had different numbers of γ-H2AX foci/cell at 0.5, 1.0, 3.0, 6.0, and 12.0 h after radiation, as well as different numbers of γ-H2AX foci/mm2at 3.0, 6.0, and 12.0 h after radiation. Conclusions Quantitative measurement of the number of γ-H2AX foci/cell or γ-H2AX foci/mm2by cell immunofluorescence provides new insights into the quantitative and dynamic study of DSB damage and repair.

6.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 51(10): e7113, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-951714

ABSTRACT

Dorsal root ganglia (DRG) neurons regenerate spontaneously after traumatic or surgical injury. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are involved in various biological regulation processes. Conditions of lncRNAs in DRG neuron injury deserve to be further investigated. Transcriptomic analysis was performed by high-throughput Illumina HiSeq2500 sequencing to profile the differential genes in L4-L6 DRGs following rat sciatic nerve tying. A total of 1,228 genes were up-regulated and 1,415 down-regulated. By comparing to rat lncRNA database, 86 known and 26 novel lncRNA genes were found to be differential. The 86 known lncRNA genes modulated 866 target genes subject to gene ontology (GO) and KEGG enrichment analysis. The genes involved in the neurotransmitter status of neurons were downregulated and those involved in a neuronal regeneration were upregulated. Known lncRNA gene rno-Cntnap2 was downregulated. There were 13 credible GO terms for the rno-Cntnap2 gene, which had a putative function in cell component of voltage-gated potassium channel complex on the cell surface for neurites. In 26 novel lncRNA genes, 4 were related to 21 mRNA genes. A novel lncRNA gene AC111653.1 improved rno-Hypm synthesizing huntingtin during sciatic nerve regeneration. Real time qPCR results attested the down-regulation of rno-Cntnap lncRNA gene and the upregulation of AC111653.1 lncRNA gene. A total of 26 novel lncRNAs were found. Known lncRNA gene rno-Cntnap2 and novel lncRNA AC111653.1 were involved in neuropathic pain of DRGs after spared sciatic nerve injury. They contributed to peripheral nerve regeneration via the putative mechanisms.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Sciatic Nerve/metabolism , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Peripheral Nerve Injuries/metabolism , RNA, Long Noncoding/metabolism , Ganglia, Spinal/injuries , Neuralgia/metabolism , Molecular Sequence Data , Base Sequence , Gene Expression Regulation , Blotting, Western , Chromosome Mapping , Disease Models, Animal , Transcriptome , Ganglia, Spinal/physiopathology , Ganglia, Spinal/metabolism
7.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 51(1): e6472, 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889011

ABSTRACT

Cetuximab is widely used in patients with metastatic colon cancer expressing wildtype KRAS. However, acquired drug resistance limits its clinical efficacy. Exosomes are nanosized vesicles secreted by various cell types. Tumor cell-derived exosomes participate in many biological processes, including tumor invasion, metastasis, and drug resistance. In this study, exosomes derived from cetuximab-resistant RKO colon cancer cells induced cetuximab resistance in cetuximab-sensitive Caco-2 cells. Meanwhile, exosomes from RKO and Caco-2 cells showed different levels of phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) and phosphor-Akt. Furthermore, reduced PTEN and increased phosphorylated Akt levels were found in Caco-2 cells after exposure to RKO cell-derived exosomes. Moreover, an Akt inhibitor prevented RKO cell-derived exosome-induced drug resistance in Caco-2 cells. These findings provide novel evidence that exosomes derived from cetuximab-resistant cells could induce cetuximab resistance in cetuximab-sensitive cells, by downregulating PTEN and increasing phosphorylated Akt levels.


Subject(s)
Humans , Colonic Neoplasms/drug therapy , PTEN Phosphohydrolase/drug effects , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/drug effects , Exosomes/drug effects , Cetuximab/pharmacology , Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological/pharmacology , Tetrazolium Salts , Time Factors , Blotting, Western , Analysis of Variance , Caco-2 Cells , Cell Line, Tumor
8.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 51(1): e6073, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889009

ABSTRACT

Non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients who experience brain metastases are usually associated with poor prognostic outcomes. This retrospective study proposed to assess whether bevacizumab or gefitinib can be used to improve the effectiveness of whole brain radiotherapy (WBRT) in managing patients with brain metastases. A total of 218 NSCLC patients with multiple brain metastases were retrospectively included in this study and were randomly allocated to bevacizumab-gefitinib-WBRT group (n=76), gefitinib-WBRT group (n=77) and WBRT group (n=75). Then, tumor responses were evaluated every 2 months based on Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors version 1.0. Karnofsky performance status and neurologic examination were documented every 6 months after the treatment. Compared to the standard WBRT, bevacizumab and gefitinib could significantly enhance response rate (RR) and disease control rate (DCR) of WBRT (P<0.001). At the same time, RR and DCR of patients who received bevacizumab-gefitinib-WBRT were higher than those who received gefitinib-WBRT. The overall survival (OS) rates and progression-free survival (PFS) rates also differed significantly among the bevacizumab-gefitinib-WBRT (48.6 and 29.8%), gefitinib-WBRT (36.7 and 29.6%) and WBRT (9.8 and 14.6%) groups (P<0.05). Although bevacizumab-gefitinib-WBRT was slightly more toxic than gefitinib-WBRT, the toxicity was tolerable. As suggested by prolonged PFS and OS status, bevacizumab substantially improved the overall efficacy of WBRT in the management of patients with NSCLC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Quinazolines/therapeutic use , Brain Neoplasms/drug therapy , Cranial Irradiation/methods , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/drug therapy , Bevacizumab/therapeutic use , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , Time Factors , Analysis of Variance , Treatment Outcome , Gefitinib , Mutation
9.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 51(1): e6841, 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889007

ABSTRACT

Vitamin D (25(OH)D3) is an essential nutrient that plays a role in the immune system. Serum 25(OH)D3 is found to be associated with asthma. However, the role of vitamin D in obese asthma remains unclear. Therefore, we investigated the association between vitamin D levels and asthma outcomes in a murine model of obese asthma. We also evaluated NLRP3 inflammasome activity in the pathogenesis of obese asthma. We divided 20 male Balb/c mice (3-4 weeks old) into 4 groups: normal control, asthma, obese, and obese asthma and developed an obese asthma mouse model. Airway hyperreactivity, cytokine concentrations, 25(OH)D3 levels, NLRP3 mRNA and IL-1β mRNA expressions were measured. Lung histology and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) cell count were also determined. Obese asthma mice showed a significant increase in airway hyper-responsiveness, airway inflammation, pro-inflammatory cytokine levels and NLRP3 mRNA, IL-1β mRNA expression. Both asthma and obese groups had lower 25(OH)D3 levels. Vitamin D levels in obese asthma were the lowest among all groups. Vitamin D levels correlated negatively with body weight, lung resistance levels at 25 mg/mL of methacholine, total inflammatory cells, and IL-1β and IL-17 concentrations in BALF. These data demonstrated an association between serum vitamin D levels and outcomes of obese asthma, and indicated that NLRP3 inflammasome may play a role in this disorder.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Asthma/physiopathology , Asthma/metabolism , Cholecalciferol/blood , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein/metabolism , Obesity/physiopathology , Obesity/metabolism , Asthma/pathology , Time Factors , Body Weight , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid , Cytokines/analysis , Cytokines/metabolism , Disease Models, Animal
10.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 50(2): e5958, 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-839256

ABSTRACT

The aim of this research was to explore whether IL-18 can be a serological marker for the diagnosis of systemic-onset juvenile idiopathic arthritis (sJIA). A total of 23 sJIA patients (13 males, median age 8.2), 20 acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) patients, 18 patients with severe infections (SIF), 26 Kawasaki disease (KD) patients, 18 juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) patients, and 25 healthy control patients were selected for this study. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) were used to determine the serum concentrations of the S100A8, S100A9, and IL-6 proteins. The serum IL-18 levels were detected by a cytometric bead array (CBA). The serum IL-6 concentrations in various disease groups were significantly higher than that in the healthy control group. The IL-6 concentrations exhibited no significant difference between disease groups. The S100A8 level in the sJIA group was significantly higher than those of the ALL, JIA, and healthy control groups but showed no significant difference compared to the SIF and KD groups. The S100A9 serum concentration in the sJIA group was significantly higher than those in the ALL and healthy control groups and exhibited no significant difference from the SIF, KD, and JIA groups. The IL-18 level of the sJIA group was significantly higher than that of the other febrile disease groups. The IL-18 serum concentration may be used as a biological serum marker to distinguish sJIA from other febrile diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Arthritis, Juvenile/diagnosis , Interleukin-18/blood , Arthritis, Juvenile/blood , Biomarkers/blood , Case-Control Studies , Diagnosis, Differential , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
11.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 49(3): e5043, Mar. 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-771931

ABSTRACT

Ovarian cancer is one of the most common causes of death from gynecologic tumors and is an important public health issue. Ghrelin is a recently discovered bioactive peptide that acts as a natural endogenous ligand of the growth hormone secretagogue receptor (GHSR). Several studies have identified the protective effects of ghrelin on the mammalian reproductive system. However, little research has been done on the effects of ghrelin on ovarian cancer cells, and the underlying mechanisms of these effects. We sought to understand the potential involvement of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) in ghrelin-mediated inhibition of growth of the ovarian line HO-8910. We applied different concentrations of ghrelin and an inhibitor of the ghrelin receptor (D-Lys3-GHRP-6) to HO-8910 cells and observed the growth rate of cells and changes in phosphorylation of the MAPKs ERK1/2, JNK and p38. We discovered that ghrelin-induced apoptosis of HO-8910 cells was though phosphorylated ERK1/2, and that this phosphorylation (as well as p90rsk phosphorylation) was mediated by the GHSR. The ERK1/2 pathway is known to play an essential part in the ghrelin-mediated apoptosis of HO-8910 cells. Hence, our study suggests that ghrelin inhibits the growth of HO-8910 cells primarily through the GHSR/ERK pathway.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic/genetics , Ghrelin/pharmacology , MAP Kinase Signaling System/physiology , Ovarian Neoplasms/genetics , Apoptosis/drug effects , MAP Kinase Signaling System/drug effects , Oligopeptides/metabolism , Ovarian Neoplasms/metabolism , Phosphorylation/drug effects , Receptors, Ghrelin/antagonists & inhibitors , Receptors, Ghrelin/metabolism , Tumor Cells, Cultured
12.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 49(1): 00701, 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-765009

ABSTRACT

Whether sleep problems of menopausal women are associated with vasomotor symptoms and/or changes in estrogen levels associated with menopause or age-related changes in sleep architecture is unclear. This study aimed to determine if poor sleep in middle-aged women is correlated with menopause. This study recruited women seeking care for the first time at the menopause outpatient department of our hospital. Inclusion criteria were an age ≥40 years, not taking any medications for menopausal symptoms, and no sleeping problems or depression. Patients were assessed with the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), modified Kupperman Index (KI), and Menopause Rating Scale (MRS). A PSQI score of <7 indicated no sleep disorder and ≥7 indicated a sleep disorder. Blood specimens were analyzed for follicle-stimulating hormone and estradiol levels. A total of 244 women were included in the study; 103 (42.2%) were identified as having a sleep disorder and 141 as not having one. In addition, 156 (64%) women were postmenopausal and 88 (36%) were not menopausal. Follicle-stimulating hormone and estradiol levels were similar between the groups. Patients with a sleep disorder had a significantly higher total modified KI score and total MRS score (both, P<0.001) compared with those without a sleep disorder. Correlations of the PSQI total score with the KI and MRS were similar in menopausal and non-menopausal women. These results do not support that menopause per se specifically contributes to sleep problems.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Estrogens/blood , Menopause/blood , Sleep Wake Disorders/etiology , Behavior Rating Scale , Depression/diagnosis , Estradiol/blood , Follicle Stimulating Hormone/blood , Hot Flashes/complications , Outpatients , Postmenopause/blood , Quality of Life , Surveys and Questionnaires , Sweating , Symptom Assessment , Sleep Wake Disorders/blood , Sleep Wake Disorders/diagnosis , Sleep Wake Disorders/physiopathology
13.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 49(1): e4794, 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-951643

ABSTRACT

Cardiac remodeling involves changes in heart shape, size, structure, and function after injury to the myocardium. The proinflammatory adaptor protein myeloid differentiation protein 88 (MyD88) contributes to cardiac remodeling. To investigate whether excessive MyD88 levels initiate spontaneous cardiac remodeling at the whole-organism level, we generated a transgenic MyD88 mouse model with a cardiac-specific promoter. MyD88 mice (male, 20-30 g, n=∼80) were born at the expected Mendelian ratio and demonstrated similar morphology of the heart and cardiomyocytes with that of wild-type controls. Although heart weight was unaffected, cardiac contractility of MyD88 hearts was mildly reduced, as shown by echocardiographic examination, compared with wild-type controls. Moreover, the cardiac dysfunction phenotype was associated with elevation of ANF and BNP expression. Collectively, our data provide novel evidence of the critical role of balanced MyD88 signaling in maintaining physiological function in the adult heart.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rabbits , Ventricular Remodeling/physiology , Myeloid Differentiation Factor 88/metabolism , Heart Diseases/physiopathology , Organ Size , Mice, Transgenic , Echocardiography , Blotting, Western , Atrial Natriuretic Factor/metabolism , Natriuretic Peptide, Brain/metabolism , Myeloid Differentiation Factor 88/genetics , Organ Dysfunction Scores , Heart Diseases/metabolism , Heart Failure/physiopathology , Heart Failure/pathology , Myocardial Contraction/physiology , Myocardium/pathology
14.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 48(2): 161-166, 02/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-735848

ABSTRACT

Our aim was to investigate the role of chemokines in promoting instability of coronary atherosclerotic plaques and the underlying molecular mechanism. Coronary angiography and intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) were performed in 60 stable angina pectoris (SAP) patients and 60 unstable angina pectoris (UAP) patients. The chemotactic activity of monocytes in the 2 groups of patients was examined in Transwell chambers. High-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), regulated on activation in normal T-cell expressed and secreted (RANTES), and fractalkine in serum were examined with ELISA kits, and expression of MCP-1, RANTES, and fractalkine mRNA was examined with real-time PCR. In the SAP group, 92 plaques were detected with IVUS. In the UAP group, 96 plaques were detected with IVUS. The plaques in the UAP group were mainly lipid 51.04% (49/96) and the plaques in the SAP group were mainly fibrous 52.17% (48/92). Compared with the SAP group, the plaque burden and vascular remodeling index in the UAP group were significantly greater than in the SAP group (P<0.01). Chemotactic activity and the number of mobile monocytes in the UAP group were significantly greater than in the SAP group (P<0.01). Concentrations of hs-CRP, MCP-1, RANTES, and fractalkine in the serum of the UAP group were significantly higher than in the serum of the SAP group (P<0.05 or P<0.01), and expression of MCP-1, RANTES, and fractalkine mRNA was significantly higher than in the SAP group (P<0.05). MCP-1, RANTES, and fractalkine probably promote instability of coronary atherosclerotic plaque.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Angina Pectoris/metabolism , Chemokines/metabolism , Chemotaxis/physiology , Coronary Artery Disease/metabolism , Monocytes/metabolism , Plaque, Atherosclerotic/physiopathology , Angina Pectoris/physiopathology , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , /blood , /blood , /blood , Coronary Artery Disease/physiopathology , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Ultrasonography, Interventional
15.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 40(5): 621-631, May 2007. graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-449091

ABSTRACT

The tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases (TIMP)-1 is a multifunctional protein which is not only an inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) but also to have a possible "cytokine-like" action. Here, we first compared mRNA expression of TIMP-1 and MMP-9 in BEL-7402 (a hepatocellular carcinoma cell line), L-02 (a normal liver cell line) and QSG-7701 (a cell line derived from peripheral tissue of liver carcinoma) using real-time quantitative RT-PCR. By evaluating the variation of the MMP-9/TIMP-1 ratio as an index of reciprocal changes of the expression of the two genes, we observed that the MMP-9/TIMP-1 ratio was about 13- and 5-fold higher in BEL-7402 than in L-02 and QSG-7701, respectively. Significantly, overexpression of TIMP-1 decreased the MMP-9/TIMP-1 ratio in BEL-7402 and then inhibited the cell growth to 60 percent and reduced the migration to about 30 percent. Meanwhile, our data showed that interleukin-6 (IL-6) (100 ng/mL) could also inhibited the cell growth of BEL-7402. Further studies indicated that TIMP-1 mediated the inhibitory effect of IL-6 on BEL-7402 cell proliferation in a STAT3-dependent manner, which could further accelerate the expression of the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p21. A dominant negative STAT3 mutant totally abolished IL-6-induced TIMP-1 expression and its biological functions. The present results demonstrate that TIMP-1 may be one of the mediators that regulate the inhibitory effect of IL-6 on BEL-7402 proliferation in which STAT3 signal transduction and p21 up-regulation also play important roles.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/genetics , /genetics , Liver Neoplasms/genetics , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9/genetics , /genetics , Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-1/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/metabolism , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/pathology , /metabolism , Liver Neoplasms/metabolism , Liver Neoplasms/pathology , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9/metabolism , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , RNA, Messenger/genetics , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Signal Transduction , /metabolism , Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-1/metabolism , Up-Regulation
16.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 39(2): 169-176, Feb. 2006. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-420267

ABSTRACT

We have studied the molecular mechanism and signal transduction of pim-1, an oncogene encoding a serine-threonine kinase. This is a true oncogene which prolongs survival and inhibits apoptosis of hematopoietic cells. In order to determine whether the effects of Pim-1 occur by regulation of the mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway, we used a transcriptional reporter assay by transient co-transfection as a screening method. In this study, we found that Pim-1 inhibited the Elk-1 and NFkappaB transcriptional activities induced by activation of the mitogen-activated protein kinase cascade in reporter gene assays. However, Western blots showed that the induction of Elk-1-regulated expression of endogenous c-Fos was not affected by Pim-1. The phosphorylation and activation of neither Erk1/2 nor Elk-1 was influenced by Pim-1. Also, in the gel shift assay, the pattern of endogenous NFkappaB binding to its probe was not changed in any manner by Pim-1. These data indicate that Pim-1 does not regulate the activation of Erk1/2, Elk-1 or NFkappaB. These contrasting results suggest a pitfall of the transient co-transfection reporter assay in analyzing the regulation of transcription factors outside of the chromosome context. It ensures that results from reporter gene expression assay should be verified by study of endogenous gene expression.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Gene Expression/physiology , Genes, fos/physiology , Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-pim-1/metabolism , Transcriptional Activation , ets-Domain Protein Elk-1/metabolism , Blotting, Western , Chlorocebus aethiops , COS Cells , Enzyme Induction , Gene Expression/genetics , Genes, Reporter/genetics , Genes, Reporter/physiology , Genes, fos/genetics , HeLa Cells , Jurkat Cells , Signal Transduction , Transcriptional Activation , Transfection , ets-Domain Protein Elk-1/genetics
17.
Asian Pac J Allergy Immunol ; 2001 Dec; 19(4): 275-82
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-37074

ABSTRACT

Immunohistochemical, flow cytometric and ELISA studies were performed to examine the expression of endoglin (CD105, a TGF beta receptor) on dermal endothelial cells, peripheral blood monocytes and free and bound serum levels in patients with systemic sclerosis as compared with appropriate controls. Endoglin was found to be significantly upregulated on dermal blood vessels in patients with scleroderma (and in patients with inflammatory skin disorders) as compared to healthy skin (p < 0.05). In contrast, there was no significant difference in endoglin expression on circulating blood monocytes between scleroderma patients and patients with a rheumatic disoder or healthy control subjects; however, endoglin expression was upregulated on monocytes in inflammatory joint fluid from patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Endoglin expression on monocytes was also influenced by isolation techniques and during whole blood culture. No differences were found in circulating free or bound endoglin levels between scleroderma patients and healthy controls. In conclusion, endoglin expression on dermal endothelial cells was significantly enhanced in scleroderma but levels on circulating monocytes and in the serum were within normal limits. The functional significance of this upregulation is uncertain but may reflect endothelial activation in scleroderma.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Antigens, CD , Cells, Cultured , Dermis/cytology , Endothelium/metabolism , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Female , Fibrosis/physiopathology , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Male , Middle Aged , Monocytes/metabolism , Receptors, Cell Surface , Receptors, Transforming Growth Factor beta/blood , Scleroderma, Systemic/physiopathology , Telangiectasis/physiopathology , Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1/blood
18.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-36097

ABSTRACT

Hookworm infection has traditionally been highly endemic to Anhui Province, China. Zhongzhou village in southwestern Anhui was identified as an endemic focus of infection caused by the hookworm Ancylostoma duodenale. This species was found to predominate over Necator americanus in ratios ranging from 35:1 based on the recovery of third-stage infective larvae (L,) to 21:1 based on the recovery of adult hookworms after anthelmintic chemotherapy. The overall prevalence of Ancylostoma infection in Zhongzhou was 33.2% with a greater prevalence among males. Unlike the age-associated prevalence patterns for N. americanus in Hainan and other southern Chinese provinces that show increasing prevalence with age and the highest prevalence among the elderly, the age-associated prevalence for A. duodenale in Zhongzhou exhibited a peak in middle-aged adults with subsequent decline. The age-associated intensity pattern exhibited a similar trend although the most of the hookworm infections were light or moderate infections as defined by quantitative egg counts.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Age Distribution , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Ancylostomiasis/drug therapy , Animals , Anthelmintics/therapeutic use , Ascariasis/epidemiology , Child , Child, Preschool , China/epidemiology , Endemic Diseases , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Parasite Egg Count , Prevalence , Rural Population , Trichuriasis/epidemiology
19.
Med. infant ; 3(2): 75-3, jun. 1996. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-294768

ABSTRACT

El objetivo de este trabajo es evaluar los resultadosde la evolución de los 2 primeros años de la enfermedad respiratoria, el crecimiento y el neurodesarrollo de niños con displasia broncopulmonar (DBP). En un período de 3 años, en la Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos Neonatales del Hospital Garrahan, 48 pacientes tuvieron DBP, 11 fallecieron en la internación. Se incluyen en este estudio 31 pacientes, 14 de ellos tuvieron un peso de nacimiento menor de 1000 gr., 7 entre 1000 y 1500 gr. y 10 mayor de 1500 gr. Fueron evaluados 29 pacientes a los 12 meses y 19 a los 24 meses de edad. Al mes de vida el 75.5 por ciento de los pacientes tenía DBP grave y el 22.5 por ciento moderada. En la evaluación de los 12 meses el 21 por ciento de los niños estaba asintomático, 65.5 por ciento tenía una enfermedad respiratoria leve, 10 por ciento moderada y 3.5 por ciento grave. A los 24 meses el 47 por ciento estaba asintomático. La mortalidad en el seguimiento fue de 6.4 por ciento. A las 40 semanas post concepcionales el 71 por ciento de los pacientes presentaba desnutrición en peso y talla y el 62 por ciento tenía valores anormales de perímetro cefálico. A los 24 meses el95 por ciento de los niños tuvo peso normal, el 75 por ciento talla normal y el89 por ciento perímetro cefálico normal. El 55 por ciento de los niños tuvo trastornos motores resueltos al año, el 20.5 por ciento alteraciones neurológicas persistentes al año y el 24 por ciento alteraciones sensoriales. En la evaluacióndel desarrollo a los 12 meses 16.6 por ciento de los pacientes fueron normales,el 16.6 por ciento tuvo un retraso leve, 44.4 por ciento retraso moderado y 22.2 por ciento retraso grave. A los 24 meses disminuyó en forma significativa el número de pacientes con retraso moderado, aumentando a 39 por ciento el porcentaje de normales o con retraso leve; no hubo diferencias en la categoría de retrasograve


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia , Follow-Up Studies , Hospitals, Pediatric , Hospitals, Public , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal
20.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-35912

ABSTRACT

An epidemio-meteorotropic analytical study of Selangor, in the Southwest coast of Peninsular Malaysia, examines the monthly incidence of dengue for the period 1973-1982 to assess possible quantitative association with the monthly rainfall. The relationships between rainfall, abundance of A. aegypti and dengue infection during 1982 in Jinjang, a dengue-prone area in Selangor, were also examined. A quantitative association between rainfall and the number of dengue cases was found during the first wet period. The lag time between the onset of heavy rain and dengue outbreak was about two to three months. A 120% increase in the number of dengue cases was observed when the monthly rainfall was 300 mm or more. Positive associations were seen between the incidence of dengue and the Aedes house index and the Breteau index in Jinjang. The relationships between these three variables and rainfall suggest that the latter might have exerted its effect on dengue infection partly through the creation of more breeding sites for A. aegypti. Assessment of the importance of A. aegypti in the transmission of dengue in this locality was not possible because of the lack of adjustment for A. albopictus, the other known vector of dengue in the state, and for social and other environmental factors influencing infection rates. In spite of this and the interpretational problems common in aggregate studies, the present analyses have provided relatively strong statistical evidence of an association between rainfall and dengue outbreaks in Selangor, thereby indicating that it is a factor worthy of careful surveillance and monitoring.


Subject(s)
Aedes , Animals , Dengue/epidemiology , Disease Outbreaks , Humans , Insect Vectors , Malaysia , Rain , Seasons , Weather
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