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1.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 292-295, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920636

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the epidemiological characteristics and associated factors of scoliosis in primary and secondary school students in Guangdong, and to provide guidance for scoliosis control.@*Methods@#Using a stratified cluster random sampling method, a total of 38 649 students aged 9-18 were selected from 132 primary and secondary schools in the Pearl River Delta and non Pearl River Delta cities for scoliosis screening and related associated factors questionnaire survey from September to October 2020.@*Results@#A total of 1 440 students were detected with scoliosis, with a detection rate of 3.73%. The detection rate of girls was 4.90%, which was higher than that of boys at 2.66%( χ 2=386.89, P <0.01). The detection rate in the Pearl River Delta region was 4.09%, which was higher than the non Pearl River Delta region at 3.38%( χ 2=13.22, P <0.01). The detection rate in urban areas was 4.51%, which was higher than counties at 2.79%( χ 2=78.70, P <0.01). The detection rate increased with the increase of the school period, high school (5.94%)>junior high school (4.50%)>elementary school (1.35%)( χ 2=386.89, P <0.01). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that region, urbanicity, gender, educational stage, exercise, using electronic mobile devices, nutritional status are the influencing factors for scoliosis ( OR=0.41-3.78, P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#The detection rate of scoliosis in primary and secondary school students in Guangdong Province varies by gender, urbanicity and educational stages. Female students, as well as junior and senior high school students should be paid more attention.

2.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 118(2): 478-485, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364331

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento A relação direta entre a doença arterial coronariana (DAC) e o câncer de pulmão não é bem conhecida. Objetivo Investigar a associação entre a gravidade anatômica da DAC e do câncer de pulmão. Métodos Trezentos pacientes, incluindo 75 recém-diagnosticados com câncer de pulmão e 225 pacientes correspondentes sem câncer, foram submetidos à angiografia coronária durante a internação, sem intervenção coronária percutânea (ICP) prévia nem enxerto de bypass da artéria coronária (CABG). O escore SYNTAX foi utilizado para avaliar a gravidade da DAC. Uma pontuação alta no escore foi definida como > 15 (o maior quartil do escore SYNTAX). O teste de tendência de Cochran-Armitage foi utilizado para verificar a distribuição dos escores dos pacientes. Uma análise de regressão logística foi utilizada para avaliar a associação entre a gravidade da DAC e o câncer de pulmão. Os valores de p foram estabelecidos quando o nível de significância era 5%. Resultados A tendência de distribuição dos escores SYNTAX dos pacientes por quartis foi diferente entre aqueles com câncer de pulmão e controles (do quartil mais baixo ao mais alto: 20,0%; 20,0%; 24,0%; 36,0% vs. 26,7%; 26,2%; 25,8%; 21,3%; p=0,022). A pontuação no escore SYNTAX foi mais alta em pacientes com câncer do que nos pacientes controle (36,0% vs. 21,3%, p=0,011).O maior quartil do escore demonstrou mais riscos de desenvolver câncer de pulmão em comparação ao quartil mais baixo (OR: 2.250, IC95%: 1.077 a 4.699 ; P -trend= 0,016). Após ajustes, os pacientes no maior quartil do escore SYNTAX tinham mais risco de desenvolver câncer de pulmão (OR: 2.1o49, IC95%: 1.008 a 4.584; P -trend= 0,028). Pacientes com escores SYNTAX alto (> 15) tinham 1.985 mais chances de ter câncer de pulmão (IC95%: 1.105-3.563, P= 0,022). Conclusão A gravidade anatômica da DAC está associada ao risco de câncer de pulmão, o que indica que um rastreamento completo deste tipo de câncer possa ser mais significativo entre pacientes com DAC.


Abstract Background The direct relationship between coronary artery disease (CAD) and lung cancer is not well known. Objective To investigate the association between the anatomical severity of CAD and lung cancer. Methods Three-hundred study patients, including 75 recently diagnosed lung cancer patients and 225 matched non-cancer patients, underwent coronary angiography during hospitalization without previous percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). The SYNTAX score (SXscore) was used to assess the severity of CAD. A high SXscore (SXhigh) grade was defined as SXscore > 15 (the highest quartile of the SXscore). The Cochran-Armitage test for trend was used to assess the distribution of patients' SXscores. Logistic regression analysis was used to assess the association between the severity of CAD and lung cancer. P-values were set when significance level was 5%. Results The distribution trend of patients' SXscore by quartiles was different between lung cancer patients and control patients (from the lowest to the highest quartile: 20.0%, 20.0%, 24.0%, 36.0% vs. 26.7%, 26.2%, 25.8%, 21.3%, p=0.022). The SX high rate was higher in lung cancer patients than in control patients (36.0% vs. 21.3%, p=0.011).The highest quartile of the SXscore showed higher risk of lung cancer in comparison to the lowest quartile (OR: 2,250, 95%CI: 1,077 to 4,699 ; P-trend= 0.016). After adjustment, patients in the highest quartile of the SXscore had higher risk of lung cancer (OR: 2,149, 95%CI: 1,008 to 4,584; P-trend= 0.028). Patients with high SXscore (> 15) had 1,985 times more chances of having lung cancer (95%CI: 1,105-3,563, P= 0.022). Conclusions The anatomical severity of CAD is associated with the risk of lung cancer, which indicates that a thorough lung cancer screening may be significant among severe CAD patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Coronary Artery Disease/surgery , Coronary Artery Disease/diagnostic imaging , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Severity of Illness Index , Cross-Sectional Studies , Coronary Angiography , Early Detection of Cancer , Lung Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging
3.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1867-1870, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907080

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the general situation of scoliosis and influencing factors among middle school students in Guangzhou, so as to provide evidence for behavioral intervention measures.@*Methods@#By stratified cluster random sampling method, 2 121 students from 8 middle schools of Guangzhou were selected to conduct questionnaire survey and physical examination.@*Results@#The detection rate of scoliosis among middle school students in Guangzhou was 8.20%, girls (9.50%)>boys (7.00%), urban area (10.45%)>suburb area (4.77%), senior high school (10.08%)>junior school (6.39%) ( P <0.05). Among the most of the 174 positive students were found to have large thoracic curve, right lateral bending, being girls with medium scoliosis. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that students in urban area ( OR=2.56, 95%CI =1.71-3.82), with mobile electronic devices usage time≥3 h/d( OR=1.59, 95%CI =1.12-2.27), prolonged near vision work ≥1 h ( OR=1.40, 95%CI =1.00-1.95), outdoor activity time<2 h/d( OR=1.82, 95%CI =1.24-2.67) had a higher detection rate of scoliosis ( P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#The detection rate of scoliosis among middle school students in Guangzhou is much higher, which might be related to district, mobile electronic devices usage, prolonged near vision work and insufficient outdoor activity. Health education regarding spinal knowledge should be strengthened.

4.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 955-957, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910946

ABSTRACT

The elderly are the main body of people with sarcopenia which not only seriously affects the quality of life of the elderly, but also brings a heavy burden to the family and society.Maintaining and improving the function of the elderly and preventing the occurrence of sarcopenia in the elderly are the important measures in the health management of the elderly.In order to effectively carry out health education on sarcopenia in the elderly and to popularize relevant health care knowledge, the National Center of Gerontology and the Chinese Geriatrics Society have formulated the "Chinese expert consensus on the core information for the prevention of sarcopenia in the elderly(2021)" , relying on the expert team after several rounds of expert discussions.It provides scientific basis for the management and early intervention of sarcopenia.Let us now try to interpret the consensus on the key knowledge points of the core information sequence.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884820

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the association of Subclinical Carotid AtheroSclerosis (SCAS) and prediabetes or Diabetes Mellitus (DM)in the healthy people.Methods:From September 2018 to June 2019, participants who underwent physical examination in the Health Management Center of Beijing Tiantan Hospitial were enrolled consecutively. The baseline characters were collected prospectively. Carotid Ultrasound was evaluated by radiologists according to the standard operating protocol. Univariable analysis and multivariable logistic analysis were used to estimate the association of prediabetes or DM with SCAS.Results:Totally 401 participants were eligible and enrolled. The mean age was (52.2±10.4) years and 43.7% (252/401) of them were females. The prevalence of DM and SCAS were 16.4% (66/401) and 48.9% (196/401) respectively. In the univariate analysis, elder age (≥60 years old) ( OR=5.93, 95% CI: 3.86-9.09, P<0.001), hypertension ( OR=2.76, 95% CI: 1.84-4.15, P<0.01), prediabetes( OR=1.67, 95% CI: 1.08-2.58, P<0.05) and DM ( OR=3.60, 95% CI: 1.97-6.58, P<0.01), cigarettes smoking ( OR=2.64, 95% CI: 1.82-3.81, P<0.001), lower HDLlevel<1.04 mmol/L ( OR=1.58, 95% CI: 1.04-2.42, P<0.001) and hyperhomocysteinemia (≥15 μmol/L)( OR=1.69, 95% CI: 1.17-4.04, P<0.01) were associated with higher prevalence of SCAS. On the contrary, female sex ( OR=0.53, 95% CI: 0.39-0.74, P<0.001) was associated with lower prevalence of SCAS. In the multivariable logistic analysis, elder age(≥60 years old) ( OR=6.04, 95% CI: 3.13-11.7, P<0.01), hypertension ( OR=2.14, 95% CI: 1.13-3.87, P<0.05), cigarettes smoking ( OR=2.19, 95% CI: 1.21-3.98, P<0.05) and DM ( OR=2.32, 95% CI: 1.16-4.67, P<0.05) were associated with SCAS independently. The association between prediabetes and SCAS was not statistically significant. Conclusions:DM is independently associated with SCAS in neurological healthy people, while prediabetes tended to increase the risk of SCAS.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876467

ABSTRACT

@#As a minimally invasive procedure, micro-osteoperforations (MOPs) achieve desired therapeutic effect with minimal surgical intervention. The operation is relatively simple, and the effect of assisted orthodontic treatment is obvious. However, due to the lack of long-term follow-up studies, there is no unified consensus on the long-term stability of the procedure. This article reviews the research status of MOPs, biological and biomechanical mechanisms, clinical applications and limitations. MOPs can shorten orthodontic treatment time and accelerate tooth movement by exerting regional acceleratory phenomena (RAP). At the same time, this procedure will not damage the health of the periodontal tissue, and the postoperative bleeding and postoperative reaction are minor. In addition, the pain and discomfort of patients were relatively mild and acceptable. However, it also has limitations, mainly including the limited time of the RAP effect of MOPs. Although this procedure is a minimally invasive surgery, there is still a risk of treating regional bone defects. At present, it is still necessary to increase the sample size and extend the follow-up time to evaluate the long-term stability of MOPs.

7.
J Cancer Res Ther ; 2020 Sep; 16(5): 1106-1111
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-213762

ABSTRACT

Background: Even with the use of contrast-enhanced thin-layer chest computed tomography (CT) and endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS), the likelihood of cT2N0M0 squamous cell esophageal cancer correlating with the final pathologic outcome is exceedingly low. We therefore sought to investigate the associations between different risk factors and pathologic upstaging in stage T2N0M0 esophageal cancer patients who underwent esophagectomy. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the clinicopathological characteristics of 224 stage T2N0M0 squamous cell esophageal cancer patients who underwent complete resection over a 2-year period (October 2016–September 2018). The tumor volume (TV) was automatically measured from thin-layer chest CT scans using imaging software. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to identify the risk factors associated with upstaging. A receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was plotted, and its ability to identify pathological upstaging was assessed. Results: A total of 224 patients with clinical stage T2N0M0 squamous cell esophageal carcinoma (SCEC) underwent esophagectomy; of these patients, 96 (42.86%) had a more advanced stage during the final pathologic review than during the initial diagnosis. The risk factors for pathologic upstaging included a large TV, high total cholesterol (TC), high triglycerides (TGs), high platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), and high number of lymph nodes examined. The ROC analysis demonstrated an area under the curve of 0.845 (95% confidence interval 0.794–0.895). Conclusions: In SECC diagnosed as stage T2N0M0 by CT and EUS, the incidence of postoperative pathologic upstaging increases with a large TV, high TC, high TGs, high PLR, and high number of lymph nodes examined

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872763

ABSTRACT

Objective:Quantitative analysis of anti-inflammatory synergistic pharmacodynamics mechanism of baicalin and wogonoside by medium efficiency principle. Method:inflammatory cell model was constructed by stimulating RAW264.7 cells by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) 100 μg·L-1 in vitro. The experiment was performed in the normal group, the model group, the andrographolide group (10 μmol·L-1), the baicalin group (2.06,4.13,8.25,16.5,33,66,132 μmol·L-1) and the wogonoside group (2.94,5.88,11.75,23.5,47,94,188 μmol·L-1) and the baicalin-wogonoside combination group [(2.06+2.94)(4.13+5.88)(8.25+11.75)(16.5+23.5)(33+47)(66+94)(132+188) μmol·L-1]. The levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in the cell culture supernatants after drug intervention for 50 min and 4 h were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) method. The level of nitric oxide (NO) in the cell culture supernatant after drug intervention for 24 h were detected by Griess method. Western blot was used to detect the activation levels of phosphorylation of nuclear factor-κB p65(p-NF-κB p65) and inducible nitric oxide synthase(iNOS) in cells after drug intervention for 2 h and 12 h. The fa/fu-dose profile of each indicator was drawn to observe the increase or decrease of effect. Result:Compared with normal group, the expression of p-NF-кB p65, iNOS and cytokines including TNF-α, IL-6 and NO (P<0.05,P<0.01) in the model group were significantly up-regulated. Compared with the model group, each group at high doses could inhibit the phosphorylation of NF-кB p65 protein(P<0.05),the baicalin group and the combined group could down-regulate the expression of iNOS protein in a concentration-dependent manner(P<0.01) and the baicalin group had no obvious inhibitory effect. each administration group at high dose could significantly inhibit the production of NO(P<0.05),but each group had no inhibitory effect on IL-6 production. The baicalin group and the combined group could significantly Inhibit the production of TNF-α(P<0.05) and there was no significant difference between the baicalin group and the model group. At the experimental dose, the fa/fu-dose table showed that the fa/fu value of p-NF-кB p65 and IL-6 in the combined group was not greater than the baicalin group and the wogonoside group. The fa/fu value of iNOS, TNF-α and NO in the combined group is higher than the baicalin group and the wogonoside group. Conclusion:The baicalin and wogonoside have different effects on different targets in the NF-κB pathway. The wogonoside is the main pharmacological substance in this combination and the combination shows different degrees of synergy or antagonism effects on different targets.

9.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-834310

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#miR-450a-5p was involved in fat formation, however, its role in insulin resistance remains unclear. This study investigated the effects of miR-450a-5p on endothelial cells, with the aim of finding a potential target for diabetes mellitus. @*Methods@#and Results: Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were treated with low-glucose, high-glucose, methylglyoxal (MGO), and insulin alone or in combination with MGO. The expression of miR-450a-5p in treated cells was measured by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) assays. The cell activity, migration and fat formation were determined by MTT experiments, Transwell assay and oil red O staining. The expressions of eNOS/ AKT pathway-related proteins in cells were assessed by Western blot (WB) analysis. Furthermore, the target gene of miR-450a-5p was analyzed by double-luciferase reporter analysis, and its effects on eNOS/AKT pathway were estimated. We found that the expression of miR-450a-5p was decreased obviously in endothelial cells treated with high-glucose and MGO. In vitro cell experiments showed that MGO could not only promote the activity of endothelial cells, but also accelerate cell migration and fat accumulation, which, however, could be reversed by up-regulation of miR-450a-5p. Moreover, MGO inhibited eNOS/AKT pathway activation and NO release mediated by insulin, and such effects were reversed by up-regulation of miR-450a-5p. Furthermore, CREB was the target gene for miR-450a-5p, had an activation effect on the eNOS/AKT pathway. @*Conclusions@#Up-regulated miR-450a-5p eliminates MGO-induced insulin resistance via targeting CREB, and therefore could be used as a potential target to improve insulin resistance and treat patients with diabetes-related diseases.

10.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 711-716, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869461

ABSTRACT

Objective:To comprehensively evaluate the utilization of some essential medicines among elderly people in clinic settings in China, in order to provide a reference for the selection of fully reimbursed medicines for the elderly.Methods:Expert consultations were conducted to evaluate the utilization of 58 essential medicines related to eight major therapeutic areas, including neurology, psychiatry, cardiovascular diseases, respiratory diseases, among elderly people.The evaluation indexes included safety, efficacy, compliance by medical staff, compliance by patients, clinical value, and pharmaceutical economics.Results:Except for psychiatry, authority coefficients for drugs related to the other therapeutic areas were greater than 0.7, indicating that experts were familiar with the indications of the medications.According to the comprehensive evaluation scores, 10 medicines, i.e., nitroglycerin, metoprolol tartrate, isosorbide dinitrate, omeprazole, metformin, amlodipine, aspirin, acarbose, valsartan, and clopidogrel, could be considered as the first choices for guaranteed essential drugs for the elderly.Meanwhile, another 10 medicines, including nifedipine, estazolam, tamsulosin, simvastatin, alfacalcidol, enalapril, bisoprolol, beclomethasone dipropionate, ipratropium, and salbutamol, could be considered as the second choices for guaranteed essential drugs for elderly people.Conclusions:The first choices recommended by experts as guaranteed essential drugs for the elderly are mainly cardiovascular, endocrine and respiratory medicines, in line with the disease spectrum of the elderly.The selection of essential medications with full cost reimbursement for elderly patients should be those frequently used and with a burden of high medicine costs.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878836

ABSTRACT

To investigate the effect of baicalin extracted from Qinbai Qingfei Concentrated Pills on the expressions of TGF-β1, mmp2 and timp2 in mice with pulmonary fibrosis induced by bleomycin. The Biacore technique was used to detect the specific binding between Qinbai Qingfei Concentrated Pills and TGF-β1, and the affinity components were enriched, regenerated and recovered by Biacore fishing. Then ultra-performance liquid chromatography and quadrupole time of flight mass spectrometry(UPLC-Q-TOF-MS) were used to determine whether the monomer was baicalin. Biacore was used to verify the affinity kinetics of baicalin, which was validated by pharmacodynamics in vivo. Totally 30 BALB/C mice were randomly divided into three groups: baicalin group, blank group and model group. The blank group was given sodium chloride injection(0.08 mL·kg~(-1)), while the model group and the baicalin group were injected with 4 mg·kg~(-1) bleomycin. The localization of TGF-β1, mmp2 and timp2 protein in the cells and the mRNA expressions of TGF-β1, mmp2 and timp2 were detected by RT-PCR 14 days later. The results of Biacore affinity analysis showed that the peak of binding response between Qinbai Qingfei Concentrated Pills and TGF-β1 protein reached 1 524.0 RU, with specific binding. The affinity constant K_D of baicalin and TGF-β1 was 1.620 06 μmol·L~(-1), which was determined by SPR kinetic analysis, suggesting a stable binding between baicalin and TGF-β1, which verified the results of angulation. The results of immunohistochemistry showed that the deposition of cellulose in baicalin group was significantly less than that in model group, the mRNA expressions of TGF-β1, mmp2 and timp2 were decreased in baicalin solution compared with the model group. Baicalin combined with TGF-β1 could inhibit the expressions of mmp2 and timp2 and delay the progress of pulmonary fibrosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Flavonoids , Kinetics , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Pulmonary Fibrosis , Transforming Growth Factor beta1
12.
J Cancer Res Ther ; 2019 Apr; 15(2): 358-364
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-213624

ABSTRACT

Objective: The objective of the study is to evaluate levels of chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 18 (CCL18) in human glioma tissues and effects of CCL18 on U251 glioma cells. Materials and Methods: By using the real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and immunochemically histological staining, we determined the mRNA and protein levels of CCL18 in tissues of 60 patients with World Health Organization (WHO) Grades II, III and IV glioma and the normal brain. Cultured U251 glioma cells were incubated with CCL18 and then subjected to transwell. The scratch wound-healing and cell count kit (CCK-8) assays were performed to detect the possible effects of CCL18 on the cell invasion, migration, and proliferation. Results: In the tissues of the normal brain (n = 10), glioma Grade II (n = 26), III (n = 18), and IV (n = 16), CCL18 mRNA expression levels were 1.00 ± 0.09, 6.02 ± 1.26, 26.35 ± 3.98, and 112.21 ± 13.25 fold, respectively (P < 0.01); the percentage of CCL18-positive glioma cells was 0%, 58.8%, 70.0%, and 100% in the normal brain, glioma WHO Grade II, III, and IV, respectively (P < 0.01). Different concentrations of CCL18 (0, 5, and 10 ng/ml) enhanced the of U251 glioma cell invasion in 24 h transwell assays [from 43.5 ± 8.3 to 202.0 ± 18.5 and 279.7 ± 18.6 cells (P < 0.01)], increased the cell migration quantified by comparing the areas of the scratch (pixel) [at 12 h, 498.4 ± 75.3, 381.3 ± 21.4, and 347.7 ± 14.2; at 24 h, 299.5 ± 15.3, 284.6 ± 7.8, and 237.3 ± 20.6 (P < 0.05)], and significantly increased the cell growth in CCK-8 assay [from 1.000 ± 0.019–1.260 ± 0.094 and 2.070 ± 0.138 fold in CCL18, respectively (n = 20/each group) (P < 0.01)]. Conclusion: We have found that CCL18 is highly expressed in glioma tissues and enhances the invasion, migration, and proliferation of U251 glioma cells. Therefore, CCL18 may be a potential biomarker for detecting and grading human glioma

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776025

ABSTRACT

Objective To describe the status of hope,self-efficacy,and self-management in patients with chronic kidney disease(CKD)(stages 1-3)and to explore the interactions between these three variables.Methods Herth Hope Index,self-efficacy scale,and CKD self-management instrument were used to evaluate the patients with CKD(stages 1-3)in PUMC Hospital(=153). Structural equation modeling was used to establish the structural equation model of hope,self-efficacy,and self-management.Results The median score of hope was 40.0(36.0,44.5),and 85.0% of patients were in higher level of hope. The median score of self-efficacy was 8.3(7.1,9.4)and the overall score of self-management was 89.0±13.4. There were no significant differences in level of hope and self-management among patients with different age,gender,marital status,educational level,course of disease,and CKD stages(all >0.05). Age and marriage status were significantly associated with self-efficacy. Self-efficacy was significantly higher in >65 years group than in other age groups(<0.05)and was significantly higher in married group than in single group(<0.05).The level of hope had direct effect on self-efficacy(=0.67,<0.05)and self-management(=0.46,<0.05).Conclusions The levels of hope,self-efficacy,and self-management are high in patients with CKD(stages 1-3). Hope directly affects the self-efficacy and self-management of these patients.


Subject(s)
Hope , Humans , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Psychology , Therapeutics , Self Efficacy , Self-Management
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773996

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prognosis predictors of anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody(ANCA)-associated glomerulonephritis treated with glucocorticoid(GC).Methods The clinicopathological data of patients with biopsy-confirmed ANCA-associated glomerulonephritis were retrospective analyzed by retrieving the medical database in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from January 2000 to May 2015. Pathological categories were re-classified. Renal remission rates,infection rates,and death events were compared between intravenous glucocorticoid(GC)pulse therapy group and non-pulse group. Logistic regression analysis was performed to analyze factors influencing the short-term prognosis.Results Among the 81 patients with ANCA-associated glomerulonephritis,49(60.5%)received GC pulse therapy and 32(39.5%)did not. The GC pulse group had significantly lower estimated glomerular filtration rate at baseline(eGFR0)than the non-pulse group(t=3.003,P=0.015)but significantly higher 24-hour urinary protein(24 hUP)(t=2.394,P=0.002)and Birmingham Systemic Vasculitis Activity Score(BVAS)(t=0.049,P=0.013). There was no significant difference in the cumulative amount of cyclophosphamide(CTX)(t=1.336,P=0.245)between these two groups. The overall renal remission rate of GC pulse group in the 6 month was significantly lower(48.7% vs. 79.3%;χ =6.591,P=0.024). Univariate analysis showed that baseline 24 hUP(t=6.222,P=0.017),eGFR0(t=3.727,P=0.046),and pathological category(χ =7.654,P=0.045)were associated with the overall renal remission rate in the 6 month. Multivariate analysis showed the crescent category was an independent factor(OR=20.63,95%CI:2.217-191.973,P=0.008;compared with sclerotic category)for overall renal remission rate in the 6 month,while GC pulse therapy was not an predictor(OR=0.271,95%CI:0.062-1.179,P=0.082). A total of 37 patients experienced infections within 6 months. The infection rate in GC pulse group(55.1%,27/49)was significantly higher than that of non-pulse group(31.3%,10/32)(P=0.042). Univariate regression analysis showed that eGFR0(t=1.912,P=0.049),baseline BVAS(t=-3.360,P=0.001)and GC pulse(χ =6.249,P=0.014)were associated with infection events within 6 months. Multivariate analysis showed that the baseline BVAS was the only predictor with 1.089 times for every 1 point increase in BVAS(OR=1.089,95%CI:1.006-1.179,P=0.034). Conclusions Crescentic category favors renal remission independently compared with sclerotic category. Patients with crescentic category may benefit more from intensive treatment. BVAS acts as an independent risk factor of infection.


Subject(s)
Antibodies, Antineutrophil Cytoplasmic , Glomerulonephritis , Drug Therapy , Glucocorticoids , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773738

ABSTRACT

In order to study the interaction between Pterocephalus hookeri and bitter taste receptors,three-dimensional structural models of bitter taste receptors TAS2 R16,TAS2 R14 and TAS2 R13 were established by homology modeling in this paper. Maestro software was used for docking the chemical constituents of P. hookeri with bitter taste receptors. The results showed that 25 chemical components of P. hookeri can regulate three bitter taste receptors. And these components were mainly iridoid glycosides and phenolic acids.This research focused on the comprehensive application of homology modeling and molecular docking technology to explore the interaction between bitter chemical constituents of P. hookeri and bitter taste receptors. This study provided assistance in revealing pharmacodynamic basis of bitter Tibetan medicine at molecular level. It also provided new ideas and methods for the study of Tibetan medicine.


Subject(s)
Caprifoliaceae , Chemistry , Correlation of Data , Humans , Medicine, Tibetan Traditional , Molecular Docking Simulation , Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled , Metabolism , Taste
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-813276

ABSTRACT

To explore the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) characteristics of glioma with Brg/Brm-associated factor 53a (BAF53a) expression.
 Methods: A total of 121 patients with glioma was divided into a BAF53a high expression group (n=79) and a low expression group (n=42) according to the results of immunohistochemistry. Then the MRI characteristics, including lesion location, number, boundary, maximum diameter, peripheral edema, midline structure shift, homogeneity, cystic necrosis, hemorrhage, strengthening degree, ependymal strengthening, pia mater enhancement, deep white matter invasion and lesion across the midline (total 14 items), were analyzed.
 Results: The results showed that there were significance difference in lesion border, lesion edema, enhancement of the lesion, and deep white matter invasion between the 2 groups (all P<0.05).
 Conclusion: The MRI characteristics, such as lesion border, lesion edema degree, enhancement degree of the lesion and deep white matter invasion, might be associated with BAF53a expression in gliomas.


Subject(s)
Actins , Metabolism , Brain Neoplasms , Chromosomal Proteins, Non-Histone , Metabolism , DNA-Binding Proteins , Metabolism , Glioma , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Necrosis
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802198

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe effect of long-term administration of rhein on the kidney toxicity of mice, and explore its possible toxic mechanism, in order to provide some basis for rational clinical drug use and further research. Method:The 30 Kunming mice (half male and half female) were randomly divided into 3 groups:control group, low-dose rhein group and high-dose rhein group (0.175,0.35 g·kg-1), with 10 mice in each group. The intragastric administration lasted for 60 days. During administration, general situations of the mice were observed and recorded. Serum urea nitrogen (BUN), creatinine (SCr), malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) were detected after drug withdrawal. Kidney index was calculated, and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) and reduced glutathione/oxidized glutathione (GSH/GSSG) ratio were measured. The kidneys were collected and histopathologically examined, and the protein expressions of transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β1) and cysteine aspartic acid specific protease-3 (Caspase-3) were detected by immunohistochemistry. Result:Compared with the control group of the same sex, BUN and SCr of the administration group increased significantly(PPPPα and Caspase-3 increased significantly(PPPPβ1 was increased(PConclusion:The toxicity of rhein in the kidney of mice was obvious at the dose of 0.35 g·kg-1·d-1, and the toxicity in male organism is more obvious. The mechanism of its potential toxicity may cause the imbalance of glutathione antioxidant system, induce excessive oxidation, trigger inflammatory reaction, activate the expression of Caspase-3, and then induce apoptosis.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802197

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study nephrotoxicity induced by long-term administration of different doses of aloe-emodin in mice, and explore its mechanism. Method:A total of 30 male and female Kunming mice were randomly divided into normal control group, and low-dose aloe-emodin group,high-dose aloe-emodin group (0.8,1.6 g·kg-1). Every dose of group was administered intragastrically for 11 weeks,twice daily. effect of serum urea nitrogen (BUN),creatinine (SCr),superoxide dismutase (SOD),malondialdehyde (MDA),Glutathione (GSH/GSSG) and Glutathione Peroxidase (GSH-Px) levels were detected by biochemical kits according to manufacturer's instruction. Enzyme-linked immune assay was used to determine serum tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and interleukins(IL)-6 levels. Hematoxylin eosin (HE) staining was used to detect renal pathological changes in kidney tissues, and cysteine aspartic acid specific protease(Caspase)-3 and transforming growth factor(TGF)-β1 proteins were determined by immunohistochemistry. Result:According to results,compared with normal control group,the levels of BUN and SCr in serum with high-dose aloe-emodin were increased. The renal tubules in low-dose group were mildly injured,while renal tubules and glomeruli of high-dose group were moderately damaged. Compared with normal control group,the level of SOD was significant decreased (PPPPα and IL-6 were increased,the expression of TGF-β1 protein in kidneys was increased in low-dose and high-dose groups (PConclusion:results show that 1.6 g·kg-1 aloe-emodin was administered intragastrically for 11 weeks,which had toxic effects on kidney in mice. The mechanism may be related to oxidative stress,apoptosis and TGF-β1 protein expression.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802196

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of long-term administration of emodin on the kidney toxicity of mice, explore its possible toxic mechanism, and provide some basis for clinical rational drug use and further research. Method:The 30 Kunming mice, half male and half female, were randomly divided into 3 groups:control group, emodin low dose group and emodin high dose groups (0.8, 1.6 g·kg-1), 10 mice in each group. Continuous intragastric administration was given for 11 weeks. During administration, the general situation of the mice was observed and recorded. After treatment, the serum urea nitrogen (BUN), creatinine (SCr), malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD) tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) were detected. Kidney index was calculated and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) and reduced glutathione/oxidized glutathione (GSH/GSSG) ratio were measured. The kidneys were taken for histopathological examination and the protein expression levels of transforming growth factor-β1(TGF-β1) and cysteine aspartic acid specific protease-3 (Caspase-3) were then detected by immunohistochemistry assay. Result:As compared with control group of the same sex, the weight of mice in the administration groups was decreased significantly, renal index was decreased while BUN and SCr levels were increased significantly (PPPPα was increased significantly (PP PPConclusion:The long-term administration of emodin at a large dose would show toxicity effect on mice kidney, and the toxicity was obvious at the dose of 1.6 g·kg-1·d-1, but there was no significant difference between the sexes. The mechanism of its potential toxicity may be related to the disorder of oxidation system, the injury of oxidative stress, the triggering of inflammatory reaction, and the apoptosis of cells.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802195

ABSTRACT

Rhei Radix et Rhizoma is a common medicine in clinic, which is widely used for a variety of diseases,such as constipation, jaundice, peptic ulcer, bacillary dysentery. In recent years, there have been many cases of clinical abuse and increasing number of adverse reactions about Rhei Radix et Rhizoma. Many reports concerned with its toxicity have drawn more and more attention at home and abroad. This review makes a brief summary on the toxicity research of Rhei Radix et Rhizoma in recent years in the aspects of hepatotoxicity, nephrotoxicity and its corresponding toxicity-controlling methods. Liver and kidney toxicity of Rhei Radix et Rhizoma was explained in various aspects, including liver and kidney biochemical indicators, apoptosis, mitochondrial function, gene and protein expression and signaling pathway. Besides, the attenuation methods of Rhei Radix et Rhizoma were summarized in aspects of processing and compatibility of traditional Chinese medicine. In conclusion, this study explains hepatotoxicity and nephrotoxicity of Rhei Radix et Rhizoma objectively, and explore relevant toxicological mechanisms, in order to provide proper reference for its further research and the safety of clinical use.

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