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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879818

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the reasonable and effective enteral nutrition regimen for children with abdominal Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP).@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of children with abdominal HSP who were hospitalized from August 2013 to August 2018. According to the starting time of enteral nutrition after abdominal pain relief, the children were divided into three groups: < 24 hours (@*RESULTS@#The retrospective analysis showed that the children who were given extensively hydrolyzed lactoprotein formula for enteral nutrition at 24-48 hours after abdominal pain relief had a lower recurrence rate of clinical symptoms and the highest degree of satisfaction among their family members (@*CONCLUSIONS@#It is reasonable and effective to start the feeding with extensively hydrolyzed lactoprotein formula at 24-48 hours after abdominal pain relief in children with abdominal HSP.


Subject(s)
Child , Enteral Nutrition , Humans , Parenteral Nutrition , Prospective Studies , Purpura, Schoenlein-Henoch/therapy , Retrospective Studies
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774108

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the clinical effect of alanyl-glutamine-enriched nutritional support in the treatment of children with abdominal Henoch-Schönlein purpura.@*METHODS@#Children with abdominal Henoch-Schönlein purpura who needed nutritional support were enrolled and stratified according to age, sex and the severity of disease, and were randomly divided into a control group (n=118) and an enriched nutritional support group (n=107). The control group was given nutritional support without using alanyl-glutamine, while the enriched nutritional support group was given alanyl-glutamine-enriched nutritional support. Intravenous steroids were used according to the severity of disease in both groups. Other therapies were the same in the two groups. The two groups were compared in terms of the length of hospital stay, the rate and duration of use of intravenous steroids, the recurrence rate of symptoms during hospitalization, the rate of total parenteral nutrition (TPN), the rate of weight loss and the rate of fasting for more than 5 days. All patients were followed up for 3 months after discharge to monitor the recurrence of symptoms.@*RESULTS@#There were no significant differences in the length of hospital stay, the rate of TPN and the rate of fasting for more than 5 days between the two groups (P>0.05). Compared with the enriched nutritional support group, the control group showed significant increases in the rate and duration of use of intravenous steroids, the recurrence rate of symptoms and the rate of weight loss (P<0.05). After the 3-month follow-up, all the children resumed normal diet, and the recurrence rate of digestive symptoms was less than 20% in each group. Abdominal pain was the most common symptom (83.33%, 30/36), followed by vomiting and abdominal distention. No digestive hemorrhage was observed. All the symptoms were relieved after symptomatic treatment. No significant difference was found between the two groups in the recurrence rate of digestive symptoms (P=0.693).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Alanyl-glutamine-enriched nutritional support in the treatment of children with abdominal Henoch-Schönlein purpura can reduce the use of intravenous steroids and weight loss, but without impact on the length of hospital stay and post-discharge recurrence.


Subject(s)
Child , Dipeptides , Humans , Parenteral Nutrition, Total , Purpura, Schoenlein-Henoch , Recurrence
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-340577

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the epidemiological and clinical features of calicivirus-associated diarrhea in hospitalized children in Chengdu, China in recent years.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data of 267 children with calicivirus-associated diarrhea aged <5 years who were hospitalized in Chengdu Women and Children's Central Hospital (the only sentinel hospital for sample collection of pediatric viral diarrhea in Chengdu, Sichuan) between January 2012 and December 2014 were retrospectively studied.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among the 267 children, 200 (74.9%) were aged less than 1 year. The infection rate of calicivirus was 28.4%, 21.6%, and 27.1% in 2012, 2013, and 2014, respectively. Calicivirus was prevalent in summer and autumn (August to October). The detection rate of Norovirus II was 85.8% (229/267), and 244 children (91.4%) experienced an acute clinical course. Watery stool was the most common change in stool properties (82.0%, 219 children), and some specimens showed mucus and/or blood. Most children had moderate to severe fever. One hundred and thirty-eight children (53.9%) experienced a reduced serum prealbumin level. One hundred and fifty-nine children (59.6%) experienced flora imbalance.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Calicivirus has become one of the major pathogens for diarrhea in children aged <5 years in Chengdu, with Norovirus II as the dominant strain. Calicivirus is prevalent in summer and autumn. Infants aged <1 year are the main population affected by calicivirus-associated diarrhea, with watery stool as the most common manifestation.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Caliciviridae Infections , Epidemiology , Child , Child, Hospitalized , Child, Preschool , China , Epidemiology , Diarrhea , Epidemiology , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Time Factors
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-246199

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigated the molecular epidemiologic features of viral diarrhea in Chengdu infants and young children, and to establish baseline patterns of etiology, provides the scientific basis for the vaccine development and the epidemic situation control.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From March, 2006 to December, 2008, a total of 376 infants and young children from Chengdu area hospitalized for diarrhea in Chengdu Children's Hospital were enrolled in this study. The stool specimen collected from each patient was tested for rotavirus (RV), Calicivirus (CV), astrovirus (AstV) and adenovirus (Adv) by using enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) examination.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among those 376 cases,there were 142 cases (37.76%) of RV infections,which scattered predominantly in October to December. Among 234 cases RV negativity,there were 29 cases HuCV infections (15.85%), 5 cases AstV infections (1.64%), and 8 cases Adv infections (2.04%).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>RV appeared to be the main etiological agent of viral diarrhea in Chengdu infants and young children,the predominant serotype of RV were G3, P[8] and P[4],HuCV might be the important etiological agent besides RV.</p>


Subject(s)
Adenoviruses, Human , Genetics , Caliciviridae , Genetics , Child, Preschool , China , Epidemiology , Diarrhea , Epidemiology , Virology , Female , Genotype , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Mamastrovirus , Genetics , Molecular Epidemiology , Rotavirus , Genetics , Virus Diseases , Epidemiology , Virology , Viruses , Genetics
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-639480

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the changes of weight,body mass index(MBI),serum glucose,serum insulin in sodium valproate(VPA)-treated children with epilepsy.Methods The study was carried out in 30 epileptic children treated with VPA for 3 months.Weight,height,serum glucose and insulin levels were conducted before and after VPA treatment.Serum insulin levels were detected by radioimmunoassay.Results After 3 months' treatment,body weight [(15.68?3.82)kg vs(19.64?4.75)kg,t=3.56 P0.05].Conclusions VPA therapy can make insuline weight,BMI,serum insulin increased and may lead to insulin resistance.Insulin resistance may be one of the reasons for weight gain in VPA-treated patients.

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