Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 43
Filter
Add filters








Year range
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906225

ABSTRACT

With advanced brewing technology and contemporary table culture, alcohol drinking, which can be traced back to Dukang wine in the Xia dynasty, is very common in China. However, excessive alcohol intake can easily cause alcohol liver damage, ranging from abdominal pain and venous thrombosis to severe hypoglycemia and fat embolism, coma shock and even life-threatening cases. Puerariae Lobatae Radix has a cool property and sweet taste, with functions of antipyretic, promoting the secretion of saliva or body fluid, rash and hangover alleviation, and so on. It was first recorded in Shen Nong's Materia Medica and has been listed as a special anti-alcoholic medicine in traditional Chinese medicine since ancient times. For example, the ancient medical book Compendium of Materia Medica and other records claim that Puerariae Lobatae Radix has the effect of relieving alcohol and protecting the liver. At the same time, Puerariae Lobatae Radix has a long history in both medicine and food. It was listed in the List of Articles That Both Serve as Food and Medicine published by the National Health Commission. Therefore, there are many products containing pueraria for hangover and liver protection. Prior to this, many scholars have carried out relevant researches on the anti-alcoholism efficacy of Puerariae Lobatae Radix, but there is a lack of systematic summaries. The author has consulted relevant domestic and foreign literatures in recent years. The related products were summarized and it was found that the anti-alcoholic effect of pueraria root mainly came from puerarin, pueraria flavonoids and pueraria polysaccharide, puerarin polypeptide, pueraria daidzein and its derivatives, including the main mechanisms such as inhibiting alcohol absorption, accelerating metabolism, anti-oxidation, protection of liver and cardiomyocytes, and neuroprotection. Related products are abundant and well evaluated, but research on related genes needs to be deepened. This article reviews the main anti-alcoholic components, mechanism of action and related products of pueraria, and puts forward suggestions for future research directions, hoping to provide reference for further related research.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906008

ABSTRACT

Volatile oil is widely distributed in Chinese medicinal materials with complex chemical components. The main components are terpenes, aromatics, aliphatics, and nitrogen and sulfur containing. It has a variety of pharmacological activities. Such as antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, anti-tumor, anti-oxidant, anti-aging and so on. It is widely used in medical and health care, agricultural efficiency enhancement, and daily products. In recent years, there have been a large number of studies on the pain relief of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) essential oils, but there is no systematic generalization. The author found that the mechanism of TCM essential oils to exert analgesic effects mainly includes regulation of the central nervous system, anti-inflammatory and analgesic, antispasmodic and analgesic effects by consulting Chinese and foreign literatures in recent years, but the exact mechanism needs to be further verified. This article reviews the research progress of TCM essential oil pain relief from the aspects of pain classification, generation, analgesic mechanism and combination of other technologies, in order to provide reference for related research in the future.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862707

ABSTRACT

<b>Objective::To establish an ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) for the simultaneous determination of 15 pyrrolidine alkaloids (PAs) and their nitrogen oxides, and determine the content of the 15 PAs in the 15 batches of Farfarae Flos samples obtained from different sources, in order to understand the distribution status of these 15 PAs in Farfarae Flos from different sources, and provide relevant references for the safe and rational use of this medicinal materials. <b>Method::The method was achieved by Agilent Eclipse Plus C<sub>18</sub> column (3.0 mm×150 mm, 1.8 μm) using a mobile phase made up of 0.05%formic acid and 2.5 mmol·L<sup>-1</sup> ammonium formate in water (A)-0.05%formic acid and 2.5 mmol·L<sup>-1</sup> ammonium formate in methanol(B). The flow rate and the injection volume were 0.4 mL·min<sup>-1</sup> and 2 μL, respectively. The column temperature was 40 ℃. The instrument was Agilent 1290-6470 QQQ ultra high performance liquid chromatography-triple quaternary bar mass spectrometer. The components were detected in multiple reaction monitoring mode by mass spectrometry with ionizationmode of ESI<sup>+</sup>. The content of the components measured in the samples was calculated by using the external standard method, and the difference between samples was analyzed based on RSD of different components. <b>Result::The established method had a high sensitivity and good separation degree. The results of methodological investigation met the requirements. The results showed that all of the 15 batches of Farfarae Flos contained PAs and their nitrogen oxides. These PAs had almost the same types of structure. There were significant differences in the content and distribution of PAs in Farfarae Flos obtained from different sources. <b>Conclusion::In general, Farfarae Flos contains pyrrolidine alkaloids and their nitrogen oxides. Senkirkine with a significant hepatotoxicity is the main compound. The content determination of PAs will provide scientific fundaments for the safe and effective use of Farfarae Flos.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801955

ABSTRACT

In commonly used oral solid preparations, poor mouthfeel results in poor patient compliance with the drug, which in turn reduces the market competitiveness of the drug. The problem of taste masking of pharmaceutical preparations has always been one of the important problems faced by pharmaceutics. With the increasing demand for the taste of drugs, the methods of masking bad taste of drugs have gradually increased in recent years. By summarizing the relevant literature covering the bad taste of drugs, the commonly used taste masking techniques include the addition of taste masking agents, inclusion techniques, microsphere/microcapsule technology, solid dispersion technology, ion exchange technology and the like. However, in addition to the above taste masking techniques, in the manufacturing process of the solid preparation, the granulation technique also can achieve the shielding of the bad taste of the medicine, and the granulation technique is simple, and can well achieve the effect of masking the bad taste of the medicine. This paper systematically introduces the research progress of granulation technology in drug taste masking, in order to provide reference for the selection of drug taste masking technology. With the increasing demand for drug taste, drug masking technology has been paid more and more attention by the majority of preparation workers, however, there are still some problems, such as imperfect taste evaluation system and low specificity of methods. This series of problems need to be further studied and solved by relevant pharmaceutical researchers.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774547

ABSTRACT

In order to increase the stability and solubility of essential oil in Jieyu Anshen Formula, this study was to prepare the essential oil into liposomes. In this experiment, the method for the determination of encapsulation efficiency of liposomes was established by ultraviolet spectrophotometer and dextran gel column. The encapsulation efficiency and particle size of liposomes were used as evaluation indexes for single factor investigation and Box-Behnken design-response surface method was used to optimize the design. Then the optimal formulation of volatile oil liposome was characterized using methyleugenol, elemin, β-asarone and α-asarone as index components. Finally, the in vitro transdermal properties of liposomes were studied by modified Franz diffusion cell. The results showed that the concentration of lecithin, the mass ratio of lecithin to volatile oil, and the stirring speed were the three most significant factors affecting the liposome preparation. The optimum formulation of volatile oil liposome was as follows: the concentration of lecithin was 7 g·L~(-1); mass ratio of lecithin to volatile oil was 5∶1; and the stirring speed was 330 r·min~(-1). Under such conditions, the prepared liposomes had blue emulsion light, good fluidity, half translucent, with particle size of(102.6±0.35) nm, Zeta potential of(-17.8±0.306) mV, permeability of(1.67±1.01)%, and stable property if liposome was stored at 4 ℃. 24 h after percutaneous administration, the cumulative osmotic capacity per unit time was(30.485 2±1.238 9),(34.794 8±0.928 3),(26.677 1±1.171 7),(3.066 2±0.175 3) μg·cm~(-2)respectively for methyleugenol, elemin, β-asarone and α-asarone. In vitro transdermal behaviors of methyleugenol, elemin, β-asarone and α-asarone in liposomes were all consistent with Higuchi equation. The prepared volatile oil liposomes met the relevant quality requirements, providing a reference for further research on preparation of multi-component Chinese medicine essential oil liposomes.


Subject(s)
Administration, Cutaneous , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Liposomes , Oils, Volatile , Particle Size , Solubility
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774521

ABSTRACT

Commonly used dosage forms of fermented Cordyceps powder products are capsules and tablets. The hygroscopicity of the powder,as one of the important parameters in the tableting process,has important effects on the tabletting process of the tablets. How to improve the hygroscopicity of powder is of great significance for the development of new composite particles. Therefore,particle design technology was used in this study to prepare composite particle powder,and its hygroscopicity was compared with fermented Cordyceps powder and physically mixed powder. By preparing three different types of powders,the equilibrium moisture absorption,particle size,scanning electron micrograph,angle of repose,contact angle and compression degree were compared to observe the effect of traditional Chinese medicine particle design technology on improving the hygroscopicity of the fermented Cordyceps powder. The results showed that the equilibrium moisture absorption was 21. 2%,19. 6%,14. 5% respectively for the fermented Cordyceps powder,physically mixed powder and composite particle powder; the median diameter was(49. 751± 0. 280),(59. 183± 0. 170),(12. 842±0. 080) μm,respectively; the mode diameter was(185. 479±1. 372),(173. 964± 1. 104),(61. 671± 0. 979) μm,respectively. In the scanning electron micrograph of the composite particle powder,it can be clearly seen that the fermented Cordyceps powder had hydrophobic gas phase nano-silica with a fixed shape and uniform size. The angle of repose was(50. 63 ± 0. 75) °,(49. 25 ± 0. 43) °,(48. 33±0. 84) ° respectively; the contact angle was(7. 4±0. 2) °,(8. 2±0. 3) °,(15. 0±2. 6) ° respectively; and the compression degree was(38. 2±1. 3) %,(35. 8±0. 2) %,(32. 5±2. 6) % respectively. This study showed that after treatment by the vibrating ultrafine pulverizer,the fermented Cordyceps powder particles had obvious and uniform small particle hydrophobic gas phase nano-silica adhered to form a partially wrapped coating structure,which reduced the contact surface of fermented Cordyceps powder with the outside world,thereby reducing the hygroscopicity of the composite particle powder. It further demonstrated that the hygroscopicity of fermented Cordyceps powder can be improved by particle design.


Subject(s)
Cordyceps , Fermentation , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Particle Size , Powders , Wettability
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773681

ABSTRACT

To further investigate the metabolism of Tripterygium wilfordii and Paeonia lactiflora micro-emulsion gel in vivo,an LCMS/MS method was established for the determination of triptolide and paeoniflorin in T. wilfordii and P. lactiflora micro-emulsion gel.The extracorporeal recovery rate of blood probe was measured by concentration difference methods( incremental method and decremental method). Meanwhile,the skin and blood micro-dialysis methods of tripterine and paeoniflorin were established,and the pharmacokinetics of T. wilfordii microemulsion gel in skin and blood was studied by micro-dialysis combined with LC-MS/MS quantitative analysis. The results showed that the established method for the determination of triptolide and paeoniflorin in T. wilfordii microemulsion gel was well linear within the required range,and the specificity,recovery rate and degree of precision of the chromatography all conformed to the research requirements of micro-dialysis samples. The stability of freeze-thawing and the residual effect all conformed to the criteria of biological sample methodology. The probe recovery rates measured by incremental method and decremental method were almost consistent with the extracorporeal recovery rate test. The recovery rates of paeoniflorin in skin and blood micro-dialysis were( 30. 60±1. 09) % and( 28. 01± 1. 75) %,respectively. And the recovery rates of skin and blood micro-dialysis were( 26. 79 ± 2. 78) % and( 25. 39±1. 86) %,respectively. The intraday recovery rate of probes was stable within 11 h. The results of pharmacokinetic study showed that the Cmaxvalues of triptolide in skin and blood were( 148. 03±41. 51) and( 76. 77±15. 27) μg·L-1,respectively. And the Tmaxvalues were( 2. 33±0. 29) and( 3. 00± 0) h,respectively. The AUC0-11 hvalues were( 2 814. 05± 1 070. 37) and( 1 580. 63±208. 27) μg·h·L-1,respectively. The MRT0-11 hvalues were( 4. 20± 0. 33) and( 4. 54± 0. 34) h,respectively. The T1/2 values were( 4. 61±4. 11) and( 1. 07± 0. 13) h,respectively. The Cmaxvalues of paeoniflorin in skin and blood were( 991. 88 ± 152. 22) and( 407. 02±120. 06) μg·L-1,respectively. The Tmaxvalues were( 2. 00±0) h and( 2. 83±0. 29) h,respectively. The AUC0-11 hvalues were( 18 430. 27±3 289. 35) and( 6 338. 59 ± 1 659. 32) μg·h·L-1,respectively. The MRT0-11 hvalues were( 4. 29 ± 0. 16) and( 4. 00±0. 05) h,respectively. The T1/2 values were( 2. 16±0. 43) and( 1. 78±0. 48) h,respectively. The results suggested that micro-emulsion gel played a role in forming skin reservoir through percutaneous penetration. It not only could improve drug transdermal efficiency,but also control the sustained release of drug and form a long-term effect.


Subject(s)
Blood , Metabolism , Chromatography, Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacokinetics , Emulsions , Gels , Humans , Paeonia , Chemistry , Skin , Metabolism , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Tripterygium , Chemistry
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773680

ABSTRACT

To detect the concentration of triptolide in skin and joint after percutaneous administration,an HPLC-MS/MS method and skin and joint micro-dialysis( MD) method of triptolide were established in this study. The separation was achieved on triple quadrupole( AB QTRAP4500) and phenomenex-C18( 4. 6 mm×150 mm,5 μm,luna) column with acetonitrile-water with 0. 1% formic acid( 65 ∶35) as the mobile phase at a flow rate of 0. 7 m L·min-1. An electrospray ionization( ESI) source was applied and operated in the positive multiple reaction monitoring( MRM) mode. The fragment ion for triptolide was m/z 361. 1→145. 0. The effects of different perfusion [Ringer's,PBS( p H 7. 4),30% ethanol saline]drug concentrations and flow rates on the recovery rate,as well as the relationship between the recovery rate and the loss rate were determined by incremental( dialysis) and reduction( retrodialysis) methods.The reduction method was applied in the in vivo study to investigate and determine the stability of the probe recovery rate in 10 h. The results of HPLC-MS/MS detection method conformed to the requirements of biological samples. The perfusion fluid was 30% ethanol saline. The recovery rate of skin and joint probes in vitro of triptolide increased within the flow rate of 0. 5-2. 5 μL·min-1. In order to increase the timeliness of data and the accuracy,the flow rate was determined to be 1 μL·min-1,and the sample interval was determined to be 0. 5 h. The recovery rate of triptolide in skin and joint probes in vitro and the loss rate were stable and equal despite of change of triptolide concentration within 10-200 μg·L-1. This indicated that the effect of drug concentration on the MD probe recovery rate was small,and the recovery rate could be replaced by the loss rate. The loss rate in vivo using MD method was measured at 10 h,indicating that the transfer rate of triptolide was stable within 10 h. The established method of triptolide in MD and HPLC-MS/MS can be applied to investigate the kinetic in skin and joint after percutaneous administration of triptolide.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Diterpenes , Pharmacokinetics , Epoxy Compounds , Pharmacokinetics , Humans , Joints , Metabolism , Phenanthrenes , Pharmacokinetics , Reproducibility of Results , Skin , Metabolism , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
9.
Tianjin Medical Journal ; (12): 624-628, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698080

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effect of Juncus effuses on osteoclasts differentiation from bone marrow macrophages (BMMs) induced by receptor activator for nuclear factor-κ B ligand (RANKL), and its mechanism thereof. Methods BMMs were isolated from whole bone marrow of 8-week-old C57/BL6 mice, and CCK-8 was used to detect the effect of Juncus on BMMs cell proliferation. Tartrate resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) staining was used to show that 50 μg/L RANKL and 30 μg/L macrophage colony stimulating factor (M-CSF) stimulated the BMMs differentiation into osteoclasts, but the process was inhibited by Juncus (0, 6.25, 12.5 and 25 μmol/L). RT-PCR was used to detect the expressions of osteoclast-specific genes including calcitonin receptor (CTR), vacuolated H+triphosphate transporter -d2 (V-ATPase-d2) and -a3 (V-ATPase-a3), activated T nuclear factor 1 (NFATC1) and C-FOS. Results There was no inhibition in the proliferation of BMMs cells treated with Juncus less than 12.5 μmol/L detected by CCK-8. The 50 μg/L RANKL can induce BMMs differentiated into positive multinuclear giant cells detected by TRAP staining, but Juncus significantly inhibited osteoclast formation with a concentration dependence. The results of RT-PCR experiment showed that Juncus inhibited the expression of specific genes in osteoclast differentiation in concentration-dependent manner. Conclusion Juncus can inhibit osteoclast formation in concentration-dependent manner, resulting from the inhibitory effect on osteoclast specific gene expression.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-695903

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the clinical efficacy of heat-sensitive moxibustion in preventing bedsores after ischemic stroke. Method A hundred ischemic stroke patients were randomized into a treatment group and a control group, 50 cases each. The control group was intervened by ordinary nursing care, while the treatment group additionally received heat-sensitive moxibustion. Norton scale and hemodynamics [whole blood viscosity (low-shear, mid-shear and high-shear), hematocrit and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR)] of the two groups were observed before and after the treatment, and the occurrences of bedsores in the two groups were compared. Result After the intervention, Norton scale and hemodynamic indexes were significantly changed in both groups (P<0.05). Norton scale and hemodynamic indexes in the treatment group were significantly different from those in the control group after the intervention (P<0.05). The occurrence rate of bedsores was 8.0% in the treatment group versus 24.0% in the control group, and the between-group difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). Conclusion Heat-sensitive moxibustion can effectively reduce the risk and occurrence of bedsores in ischemic stroke patients, and its mechanism is possibly related to the improvement of hemodynamics.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687321

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to prepare triptolide and ferulic acid ethosomes gel, investigate its transdermal permeation, and compare the results with ordinary gel and cream. Improved Franz diffusion cell method was used in the transdermal delivery experiment with rat abdominal skin as in vitro model. The receptor fluid at different time points was collected; ferulic acid concentration was determined by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and triptolide concentration was determined by liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). Then the penetration rate, transdermal volume and skin reserve of three dosage forms (hydroplasy gel, ordinary gel, and cream) to investigate the transdermal properties of ferulic acid and triptolide in vitro of triptolide and ferulic acid ethosomes gel. The results showed that the steady penetration rate of ferulic acid was 5.268 5, 8.990 9, 12.042 0 μg·cm⁻² ·h⁻¹ respectively in triptolide and ferulic acid ethosomes gel, ordinary gel and cream; the skin retention was (30.234 8±1.525 4), (20.402 6±0.402 6), (7.635 3±1.094 2) μg·cm⁻² . The steady-state permeation rate of triptolide was 67.238 0, 67.238 0 ng·cm⁻² ·h⁻¹ in triptolide and ferulic acid ethosomes gel, about 1.24 times of cream and 3.28 times of ordinary gel; the skin retention was (371.351 4±35.317 1) ng·cm⁻², about 3.35 times of cream and 5.25 times of ordinary gel. Therefore, the ethosomes gel showed good transdermal absorption property and it may be good for clinical safety administration.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710224

ABSTRACT

AIM To establish the HPLC fingerprints of Kangfuxin Liquid (extract of Periplaneta americana L.) and to determine the contents of six constituents.METHODS The analysis of this drug was performed on a TOSOH TSK-GEL ODS column (250 mm × 4.6 mm,5 μm),with the mobile phase comprising of acetonitrile-water (containing 0.07% acetic acid) flowing at 1.0 mL/min in a gradient elution manner,and the detection wavelength was set at 280 nm.RESULTS There were twenty-four common peaks in the fingerprints of ten batches of samples (Ⅰ-Ⅹ) with the similarities of 0.932-0.993 (except for sample Ⅰ).Uracil,hypoxanthine,xanthine,inosine,protocatechuic acid and Cyclo (Gly-Tyr) showed good linear relationships within the ranges of 3.460-173.0,3.960-198.0,3.596-179.8,1.338-66.9,3.672-183.6 and 3.552-177.6 μg/mL,whose average recoveries (RSDS) were99.8% (2.65%),98.0% (2.55%),99.7% (1.59%),100.7% (2.80%),102.0% (2.09%) and 99.6% (1.88%),respectively.CONCLUSION This accurate,stable and simple method can be used for the quality control of Kangfuxin Liquid.

13.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 42-53, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777083

ABSTRACT

Increasing evidence suggests that cytokines and chemokines play crucial roles in chronic itch. In the present study, we evaluated the roles of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) and its receptors TNF receptor subtype-1 (TNFR1) and TNFR2 in acute and chronic itch in mice. Compared to wild-type (WT) mice, TNFR1-knockout (TNFR1-KO) and TNFR1/R2 double-KO (DKO), but not TNFR2-KO mice, exhibited reduced acute itch induced by compound 48/80 and chloroquine (CQ). Application of the TNF-synthesis inhibitor thalidomide and the TNF-α antagonist etanercept dose-dependently suppressed acute itch. Intradermal injection of TNF-α was not sufficient to evoke scratching, but potentiated itch induced by compound 48/80, but not CQ. In addition, compound 48/80 induced TNF-α mRNA expression in the skin, while CQ induced its expression in the dorsal root ganglia (DRG) and spinal cord. Furthermore, chronic itch induced by dry skin was reduced by administration of thalidomide and etanercept and in TNFR1/R2 DKO mice. Dry skin induced TNF-α expression in the skin, DRG, and spinal cord and TNFR1 expression only in the spinal cord. Thus, our findings suggest that TNF-α/TNFR1 signaling is required for the full expression of acute and chronic itch via peripheral and central mechanisms, and targeting TNFR1 may be beneficial for chronic itch treatment.


Subject(s)
Animals , Chloroquine , Toxicity , Disease Models, Animal , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Etanercept , Therapeutic Uses , Ganglia, Spinal , Metabolism , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Mice, Transgenic , Pruritus , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Pathology , RNA, Messenger , Metabolism , Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor, Type I , Genetics , Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor, Type II , Genetics , Signal Transduction , Skin , Metabolism , Spinal Cord , Metabolism , Thalidomide , Therapeutic Uses , Time Factors , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Genetics , Metabolism , p-Methoxy-N-methylphenethylamine , Toxicity
14.
Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12): 688-692, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702798

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the anticancer activity and mechanism of aconitine on cell proliferation,invasion and migration of hepatoma carcinoma cell(HCC).Methods:The effect of aconitine at different concentrations on proliferation was calculated by MTT assay.The effects of aconitine on invasion and migration of HCC were measured by Transwell and wound healing assay.Western blot was employed to detect the protein levels of P38MAPK signaling pathway-related proteins.Results:The concentrations of 5,10,20 μg/ml were selected according to the results of pre-experiment.Aconitine(10,20 μg/ml) inhibits proliferation and invasion of MHCC97 cells markedly after cells were treated with aconitine for 4 days.Treatment with aconitine down-regulated the ability of migration and decreased the ratio of p-P38/P38 and protein levels of p-MAPKAPK and p-HSP27.Conclusion:Aconitine inhibits prolif-eration,invasion and migration,and the mechanism may related with P38MAPK signaling pathway.

15.
Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12): 287-290,295, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702719

ABSTRACT

CD226 is a typeⅠtransmembrane glycoprotein expressed on various immune cell membranes,such as NK cells,T cells,monocytes and other cells.After binding to ligand CD112 or CD155, CD226 mediates the differentiation, proliferation and functional regulation of various immune cells to participate many physiological and pathological activities.This paper mainly focuses on two aspects,the first is CD226 on CD4+T cell immune regulation, the seconds is the CD226 involved in the progress of many dis-ease.Detailed explanation of CD226 involved in naive CD4+T cell proliferation and differentiation, Th1/Th2/Th17 cells polarization and regulatory function of Treg cells.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335850

ABSTRACT

The aim of this paper was to explore the effects of Frankincense and Myrrh essential oil on transdermal absorption, and investigate the mechanism of permeation on the microstructure and molecular structure of stratum corneum. Through the determination of stratum corneum/medium partition coefficient of ferulicacid in Chuanxiong influenced by Frankincense and Myrrh essential oil, the effects of volatile oil of frankincense and Myrrh on the the microscopic and molecular structure of stratum corneum were explored by observation of skin stratum corneum structure under scanning electron microscopy, and investigation of frankincense and myrrh essential oil effects on the molecular structure of keratin and lipids in stratum corneum under Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The results showed that the oil could enhance the distribution of ferulic acid in the stratum corneum and medium, and to a certain extent damaged the imbricate structure of stratum corneum which was originally regularly, neatly, and closely arranged; some epidermal scales turned upward, with local peeling phenomenon. In addition, frankincense and myrrh essential oil caused the relative displacement of CH2 stretching vibration peak of stratum corneum lipids and amide stretching vibration peak of stratum corneum keratin, indicating that frankincense and myrrh essential oil may change the conformation of lipid and keratin in the stratum corneum, increase the bilayer liquidity of the stratum corneum lipid, and change the orderly and compact structure to increase the skin permeability and reduce the effect of barrier function. It can be concluded that Frankincense and Myrrh essential oil can promote the permeation effect by increasing the distribution of drugs in the stratum corneum and changing the structure of the stratum corneum.

17.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2045-2049, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-307470

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>There is an unmet need for a reliable method of airway management for patients in the lateral position. This prospective randomized controlled two-center study was designed to evaluate the feasibility of intubation using a flexible fiberoptic bronchoscope in the lateral position during surgery.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Seventy-two patients scheduled for elective nonobstetric surgery in the lateral decubitus position requiring tracheal intubation under general anesthesia at Lishui Central Hospital of Zhejiang Province and Jiaxing First Hospital of Zhejiang Province from April 1, 2015, to September 30, 2015, were enrolled in this study. Patients were randomly assigned to the supine position group (Group S, n = 38) and the lateral position group (Group L, n = 34). Experienced anesthetists performed tracheal intubation with a fiberoptic bronchoscope after general anesthesia. The time required for intubation, intubation success rates, and hemodynamic changes was recorded. Between-group differences were assessed using the Student's t-test, Mann-Whitney U-test, or Chi-square test.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The median total time to tracheal intubation was significantly longer in Group S (140.0 [135.8, 150.0] s) compared to Group L (33.0 [24.0, 38.8] s) (P < 0.01). The first-attempt intubation success rate was significantly higher in Group L (97%) compared to Group S (16%). Hemodynamic changes immediately after intubation were more exaggerated in Group S compared to Group L (P = 0.02).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Endotracheal intubation with a flexible fiberoptic bronchoscope may be an effective and timesaving technique for patients in the lateral position.</p><p><b>TRIAL REGISTRATION</b>Chinese Clinical Trial Register, ChiCTR-IIR-16007814; http://www.chictr.org.cn/showproj.aspx?proj=13183.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Airway Management , Bronchoscopes , Equipment Design , Female , Fiber Optic Technology , Methods , Humans , Intraoperative Complications , Intubation, Intratracheal , Methods , Male , Middle Aged , Patient Positioning , Prospective Studies , Young Adult
18.
Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal ; (24): 1953-1957, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-858910

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To prepare the total alkaloids of Strychni Semen(TASS)-total glucosides of Paeony(TGP) gel and study its in vitro transdermal absorption of two alkaloids(strychnine and brucine) after the combination of TASS and TGP. METHODS: The excised abdominal skin of mice was used as the permeation model. Utilizing the modified Franz diffusion cell, the suitable receiving solution was elected to test the content of two alkaloids by HPLC, and thus the percutaneous rates and permeability coefficients were obtained. RESULTS: 20% Ethanol-normal saline was taken as receiving solution. With combination use of TASS and TGP, the penetration quantities of strychnine and brucine in different (1:1, 1:3, 1:6) gels were felled by 22.7%, 48.4%, 69.1% and 5.93%, 23.8%, 80.7% after 24 h. And with the increase of compatibility proportion, infiltration rate and skin retention rate also gradually reduced. CONCLUSION: The compatibility of TASS and TGP drug delivery can reduce the toxic ingredients through capacity, there is a"attenuated"effect, the best ratio is 1:6.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-319653

ABSTRACT

To investigate such physical indexes as hygroscopicity, angle of repose, bulk density, fillibility of compression of mixed powder of directly compressed auxiliary materials and fermented cordyceps powder by using micromeritic study methods. The results showed that spray-dried lactose Flowlac100 and microcrystalline cellulose Avicel PH102 had better effect in liquidity and compressibility on fermented cordyceps powder than pregelatinized starch. The study on the impact of directly compressed auxiliary materials on the powder property of fermented cordyceps powder had guiding significant to the research of fermented cordyceps powder tablets, and could provide basis for the development of fermented cordyceps powder tablets.


Subject(s)
Cellulose , Chemistry , Cordyceps , Chemistry , Drug Compounding , Methods , Fermentation , Lactose , Chemistry , Powders , Chemistry , Tablets , Chemistry , Technology, Pharmaceutical , Methods
20.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1836-1843, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-298002

ABSTRACT

To study the in situ intestinal absorption kinetics and compatibility influence of peimine and peiminine in rats, the absorption of peimine and peiminine in small intestine (duodenum, jejunum and ileum) and colon of rats was investigated using in situ single-pass perfusion method and the drug content was measured by HPLC-ELSD. Perfusion rate, pH, concentration of drug, gender and bile duct ligation can significantly affect the absorption of peimine and peiminine, the Ka, and Papp values in the condition of pH 6.8 and pH 7.4 had significant difference (P<0.01), as drug concentration irlcreased, the absorption parameters of peimine and peiminine decreased, Ka and Papp between low concentrations and middle concentrations was significant difference (P<0.01). Verapamil can not affect Ka and Papp of peimine and peiminine which are in the extract (P> 0.05). Bitter almonds and licorice can significantly reduce the absorption of peimine and peiminine with the usual dose (P<0.01), extracted separately and together had no significant difference on Ka and Papp (P> 0.05). Experimental results show that the absorption features of peimine and peiminine are basically the same, both of them could be absorbed at all segments of the intestine in rats and had no special absorption window, and with significant differences between male and female individuals. The absorption of peimine and peiminine complies with the active transport and facilitated diffusion in the general intestinal segments. Bitter almond and licorice can reduce the intestinal absorption rate ofpeimine and peiminine.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cevanes , Pharmacokinetics , Colon , Metabolism , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Female , Fritillaria , Chemistry , Glycyrrhiza , Chemistry , Glycyrrhizic Acid , Pharmacology , Intestinal Absorption , Intestine, Small , Metabolism , Male , Perfusion , Plant Roots , Chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Prunus dulcis , Chemistry , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Sex Factors
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL