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1.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 833-838, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013910

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the induction of ferroptosis of Triapine in non-small cell lung cancer cells A549, and its mechanism. Methods The effects of Triapine on the proliferation of A549 cells were assessed by MTT assay and colony formation assay; the effect of intracellular ROS levels of Triapine treated A549 cells was studied by DCFH-DA probe; the intracellular glutathione (GSH) and lipid peroxides (LPO) levels of A549 cells were detected by the kits after treating with Triapine; the effects of Triapine on the expression of glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4) in A549 cells were analyzed by Western blot; the changes of GPX4 level and cell viability were evaluated for the cells intervened with ROS inhibitor. Results Triapine could inhibit the proliferation of A549 cells, and the IC

2.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 209-212, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969973

ABSTRACT

The treatment ideas with acupuncture for knee osteoarthritis (KOA) are explored on the base of Dongyuan needling technology. Regarding the rules of acupoint selection, Zusanli (ST 36) is predominant, the back-shu points are used for the disorders related to the invasion of exogenous factors, and the front-mu points are for the cases caused by internal injury. Besides, the xing-spring points and shu-stream points are preferred. In treatment of KOA, besides the local points, the front-mu points, i.e. Zhongwan (CV 12), Tianshu (ST 25) and Guanyuan (CV 4), are selected specially to tonifying the spleen and stomach. The earth points and acupoints on the earth meridians (i.e. Yinlingquan [SP 9], Xuehai [SP 10], Liangqiu [ST 34], Dubi [ST 35], Zusanli [ST 36] and Yanglingquan [GB 34]) are optional to coordinate yin and yang, essence and qi , and regulate the qi movement of spleen and stomach. The shu-stream points of liver, spleen and kidney meridians (Taichong [LR 3], Taibai [SP 3] and Taixi [KI 3]) are chosen to promote meridian circulation and regulate zangfu functions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Osteoarthritis, Knee , Acupuncture Therapy , Meridians , Acupuncture Points , Spleen
3.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1791-1796, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010039

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the results of activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) mixing test in coagulation factor Ⅷ inhibitor-positive hemophilia patients, so as to increase the value of APTT mixing test in the screen of factor Ⅷ inhibitor.@*METHODS@#Eighty plasmas samples with different titers of coagulation factor Ⅷ inhibitors had been collected and diluted for routine immediate APTT mixing test and at 37 ℃ 2 hours incubation APTT mixing test. Fifteen samples were selected for immediate and normal temperature incubation for 15 min, 30min, 1 hour, 2 hours and 37 ℃ for 30 min, 1 hour, 2 hours APTT mixing test.@*RESULTS@#The results of APTT mixing test were significantly correlated with the titers of coagulation factor Ⅷ inhibitors. The ROC curve result showed that the best diagnostic cut-off value for 2 hours incubation APTT mixing test at 37 ℃ to determine the presence or absence of coagulation factor Ⅷ inhibitors was 43.8 s (sensitivity and specificity was 85.90% and 100%, respectively), while the best diagnostic cut-off value for distinguishing high-titer and low-titer Ⅷ inhibitors was 52.4 s (sensitivity and specificity was 98.18% and 95.65%, respectively). The critical coagulation factor Ⅷ inhibitor titer that could not be corrected by immediate APTT was 5.14 BU/ml, while that could not be corrected by 37 ℃ 2 hours incubation APTT was 1.31 BU/ml. Paired samples t -test was performed on the APTT mixing test results at different times and temperatures, and the differences were statistically significant (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The APTT mixing test can be used as a screening index for coagulation factor Ⅷ inhibitors. APTT mixing test result shows a significant time-temperature dependence with lower titers of coagulation factor Ⅷ inhibitor. Patients with hemophilia who cannot be corrected by immediate APTT mixing test should be alert to the possibility of high titer of coagulation factor Ⅷ.


Subject(s)
Humans , Factor VIII , Hemophilia A/diagnosis , Blood Coagulation Tests/methods , Partial Thromboplastin Time , Blood Coagulation Factors
4.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1233-1236, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009978

ABSTRACT

Multiple myeloma (MM) is a malignant proliferative disease of plasma cells. Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) play an important role in the progression of MM. Compared with normal donor derived MSC (ND-MSC), MM patients derived MSC (MM-MSC) exhibit abnormalities in genes, signaling pathways, protein expression levels and cytokines secreted by themselves. Moreover, the exosomes of MM-MSC can interact with the bone marrow microenvironment. The above reasons can lead to MM cell proliferation, chemoresistance, impaired osteogenic differentiation of MM-MSC, and affect the immunomodulatory capacity of MM patients. In order to further understand the pathogenesis and related influencing factors of MM, this paper reviews the latest research progress of MM-MSC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Multiple Myeloma/pathology , Osteogenesis , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Cell Differentiation , Bone Marrow/metabolism , Bone Marrow Cells/metabolism , Tumor Microenvironment
5.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 328-333, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935288

ABSTRACT

Objective: To assess the association between short-term exposure level of nitrogen dioxide and the hospitalization risk of heart failure. Methods: Based on China-PEACE Retrospective Heart Failure Study, 117 364 hospitalized patients with heart failure were recruited from 92 hospitals in 62 cities throughout China between January 1, 2015 and December 31, 2015. The daily exposure level of nitrogen dioxide, temperature, and humidity in the same cities during the same period were also collected. We applied the generalized additive model and Bayesian hierarchical model to quantify the lagged effect and cumulative effect of short-term (0-3 days) exposure to ambient nitrogen dioxide on the hospitalization risk of heart failure. We further conducted stratified analyses by age, region, and season to identify any difference in the associations between short-term nitrogen dioxide exposure and heart failure among subgroups. Results: The mean age for participants in the analysis was (70.32±12.22) years. The median, minimum and maximum of daily nitrogen dioxide concentration in 62 cities from January 1, 2015 to December 31, 2015 was 26.4 μg/m3, 2.33 μg/m3 and 150.25 μg/m3, respectively. The exposure level of nitrogen dioxide at the same day was associated with the hospitalization risk of heart failure (OR=1.022, 95%CI: 1.012, 1.031). Significant effects were also observed in the moving average concentrations from lag 0-1 to lag 0-3 day (OR=1.020, 95%CI: 1.009, 1.030; OR=1.016, 95%CI: 1.004, 1.028; OR=1.013, 95%CI: 1.001, 1.026). Moreover, all of the associations between short-term exposure to nitrogen dioxide and the risk of heart failure hospitalization were statistically significant, with no significant difference in all subgroups stratified by age, region, and season. Conclusion: A higher level of short-term exposure to nitrogen dioxide could trigger more hospitalizations with heart failure.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Humans , Middle Aged , Air Pollutants/analysis , Air Pollution/analysis , Bayes Theorem , China/epidemiology , Environmental Exposure/analysis , Heart Failure/epidemiology , Hospitalization , Nitrogen Dioxide/analysis , Particulate Matter/analysis , Retrospective Studies , Sulfur Dioxide/analysis
6.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1552-1554, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904605

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the trends of weight, blood pressure and serum uric acid levels in college graduates during 2016-2020, so as to provide the evidence for chronic diseases prevention and control in university students.@*Methods@#A cross sectional study was conducted to collect the data of physical examination of new graduates of Peking University during 2016-2020. It analyzed the differences in the BMI, blood pressure, serum uric acid, prevalence of overweight/obesity, hypertension, and hyperuricemia.@*Results@#For males, the prevalences of overweight/obesity, hypertension of 2016-2020 and hyperuricemia of 2018-2020 varied significantly ( χ 2=52.94, 37.63, 55.53, P <0.01), but not significant difference of overweight/obesity, hypertension among the four groups of 2016-2019 ( χ 2=6.45, 1.05, P >0.05). The highest prevalences of overweight (29.25%), obesity ( 11.37 %), hypertension (12.60%) and hyperuricemia (43.84%) were observed in the group of 2020. For females, the prevalence of hypertension of 2016-2020 and hyperuricemia of 2018-2020 were significantly different ( χ 2=14.14, 14.59, P <0.01),but not significant difference of hypertension of 2016-2019( χ 2=0.34, P >0.05). The highest prevalences of hypertension (2.35%) and hyperuricemia (13.86%) were both found in the group of 2020.@*Conclusion@#High prevalence of hypertension and hyperuricemia in college graduates of 2020 suggest unhealthy lifestyle probably has adverse impact on health consequences in young adult students.

7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 244-256, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872604

ABSTRACT

Network pharmacological approaches were used to predict the components, targets and pathways of Erhuang decoction (EhD) in the treatment of acute lung injury (ALI). The SwissTargetPrediction platform, DisGeNET, Therapeutic Target Database (TTD), GeneCards and Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) databases were used to predict potential targets of EhD and were integrated with the predicted targets for the treatment of ALI. A protein-protein interaction network model was constructed by using String database and Cytoscape software; the DAVID platform was used for Gene Ontology (GO) analysis and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis. A network of drug components-targets-pathways was constructed by Cytoscape software and the SwissDock platform was used to dock the molecules of EhD found in blood with the key disease targets. An ALI model was established in mice and inflammatory factor detection and Western blot protein expression experiments with lung tissue sections were carried out to verify the effect of EhD in the treatment of ALI. Animal experiment ethical requirements were approved by the Ethical Committee Experimental Animal Center of Shandong University (Grant Number: 2016020). We identified 148 potential targets including signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3), vascular endothelial cell growth factor A (VEGFA), RAC-alpha serine/threonine-protein kinase (AKT1), and nuclear factor-kappa B/p65 (RELA). The potential targets are largely associated with the biological processes of inflammation, oxidative stress, and apoptosis. Additional pathways relate to cancer, VEGF signaling, mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling, and Toll-like receptors (TLRs) signaling, along with other signaling pathways. Pharmacodynamic experiments showed that EhD could significantly reduce the content of inflammatory factors and the degree of lung injury of ALI mice. Western blot revealed that EhD could significantly decrease the expression of NF-κB/p65 and upregulate the expression of NF-kappa-B inhibitor alpha (IκBα). From the perspective of network pharmacology, the mechanisms of EhD in the treatment of ALI is consistent with the characteristics of multiple ingredients, multiple targets and multiple pathways. This research provides a reference for further study of the mechanism of this traditional Chinese medicine.

8.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 1001-1008, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942108

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the differences between clinically amyopathic dermatomyositis (CADM) and typical dermatomyositis (DM) on clinical and immunological features.@*METHODS@#By collecting clinical data of 106 CADM patients and 158 DM patients from January 2010 to June 2019 in the department of Rheumatology and Immunology, Peking University People's Hospital, the clinical characteristics and immunological features in the two groups were compared, and the distribution characters and the clinical meanings of myositis autoantibodies were discussed in the two groups respectively. Myositis autoantibodies were measured by immunoblotting according to the manufacturers' instructions.@*RESULTS@#In the aspects of clinical manifestations, CADM presented more with onset of interstial lung diseases (ILD) compared with DM (20.7% vs. 7.6%, P=0.002), and CADM-ILD was more likely to be acute ILD (58.3% vs. 26%, P < 0.001), and there were no differences between CADM and DM in cutaneous manifestations, accompanied with connective tissue disease (CTD) and malignancy. In CADM, the positive rate of rheumatoid factors and antinuclear antibodies was lower in DM. The most common myositis specific autoantibodies (MSAs) in CADM were anti-MDA5 (36%), anti-PL-7 (11.2%) and anti-TIF-1γ (10.1%). The most common MSAs in DM were anti-Jo-1 (19.2%), anti-TIF-1γ (11.5%) and anti-MDA5 (11.5%). Anti-MDA5 was correlated with acute ILD and skin ulceration both in CADM and DM; in CADM, skin ulceration was not associated with the titer of anti-MDA5; while in DM, skin ulceration was associated with high titer of anti-MDA5. In DM, anti-TIF-1γ was correlated with heliotrope eruption, V/shawl neck sign, perionychia erythma and malignancy, and higher rate of malignancy was seen in all titers of the anti-TIF-1γ positive patients. In CADM, anti-TIF1-γ showed no correlation with clinical manifestations. The most common myositis associated autoantibody was anti-Ro-52 both in CADM and DM. In CADM, anti-Ro-52 was associated with Raynaud's phenomenon and chronic ILD, while in DM, anti-Ro-52 was associated with mechanic's hands, noninfectious fever and accompanied CTD.@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with DM, ILD is more likely to be acute in CADM. It is different between CADM and DM about the distribution of myositis autoantibodies and the clinical significance of the same myositis antibody, and the clinical significance of some myositis antibodies is related to titers.


Subject(s)
Humans , Autoantibodies , Dermatomyositis/complications , Lung Diseases, Interstitial , Neoplasms
9.
Chinese Traditional and Herbal Drugs ; (24): 157-162, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-846703

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the molecular mechanisms of antioxidant effect and anti-inflammatory of water extract of Sophora flavescens (WSF) in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced RAW264.7 cells. Methods: The optimum concentration of WSF was evaluated by CCK-8 assay. The inflammatory model was established with LPS by stimulating RAW264.7 cells in vitro. Then all cells were divided into control group, model group, WSF group and WSF control group. The levels of ROS and NO were analyzed with flow cytometry. Subsequently, the expression of iNOS, COX-2, Nrf2, and HO-1 was detected with qRT-PCR and Western blotting. Finally, the pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-6, TNF-α and anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10 were detected by ELISA. Results: The CCK-8 assay revealed that 0.01 mg/mL WSF did not affect the cell viability. Compared with control group, the LPS-induced inflammatory response could significantly increase the production of NO and ROS, and the IL-6 and TNF-α were also significantly increased (P < 0.05, 0.01, and 0.001). Furthermore, the expression of iNOS and COX-2 were significantly increased (P < 0.01, 0.001), but the expression of Nrf2 and HO-1 were inhibited (P < 0.05). However, compared with model group, the WSF group not only significantly decreased the levels of NO, ROS, IL-6, and TNF-α, but also decreased the expression of iNOS and COX-2 (P < 0.05, 0.01, and 0.001). In contrast, the the level of IL-10 and the expression of Nrf2 and HO-1 were significantly increased (P < 0.05, 0.01, and 0.001). Conclusion: These results suggested that SF exerted protective effect against LPS-induced inflammatory and oxidative responses in RAW 264.7 cells by the activation of the Nrf2/HO-1 pathway.

10.
Chinese Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology ; (12): 268-273, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743359

ABSTRACT

Purpose To assess the frequency of discordances in ER, PR and HER-2 status between primary and recurrent cancer and the impact of the discordance on breast cancer patient survival. Method Immunohistochemistry and/or fluorescent in situ hybridization was used to evaluate ER, PR and HER-2 status of primary and recurrent cancer in 62 breast cancer patients. The correlation between discordances in ER, PR and HER-2 receptors and clinicopathologic characteristics and patient survival was analyzed. Results Among 62 patients with breast recurrent cancer, discordance rate for ER, PR, and HER-2 was found in 6 (9.7%), 9 (14.5%) and 3 (4.8%) patients, respectively. During the follow-up period the ER-discordant cases had a poorer overall survival (median 29 months vs 44 months, P=0.021) and post-recurrence survival (median 6 months vs 15 months, P=0.027), compared with the concordant cases. No impact on overall survival or post-recurrence survival was observed for PR and HER-2 discordance when compared with the respective concordant cases (P> 0.05 for all).Conclusion Our results demonstrate an evident change regarding ER, PR and HER-2 between breast primary and recurrent cancer, and the ER unstable status in breast cancer suggust a worse prognosis.

11.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1680-1687, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780269

ABSTRACT

The traditional systemic treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) requires a long time period for an effect and has obvious side effects. In this study, tetrandrine temperature-sensitive gel (TTG) was prepared for treatment of PTSD in mice by nasal administration. TTG was prepared with poloxamer as matrix, the gelation temperature was suitable (<32 ℃) and the gelation time was short (1.32 min). Rheology experiments demonstrated that TTG has temperature sensitivity. In vivo imaging system of small animals proved that TTG nasal cavity retention time was so long. The cilia toxic test of toad showed that the formulation was safe. Animal experiments were approved by the Ethics Committee of Beijing Institute of Radiation Medicine, Academy of Military Medical Sciences and the experiments were conducted in accordance with relevant guidelines and regulations. The mice were randomly assigned into healthy group, model group and TTG group. The PTSD model of mice was established by single prolonged stress (SPS) and foot-shock method to generate anxiety and fear behavior. On the day 0 of TTG administration, SPS model mice were evaluated by the elevated plus maze (EPM). Percentages of open arm entries number (OE), latency of open arm entries (OL) and the residence time of open arm entries (OT) all indicated that the SPS model was successfully established. On the 7th day of TTG administration, TTG increased the OE and OT, decreased the OL of SPS mice. The feard behavior of mice in the foot-shock model was tested using conditioned fear box, 7 days of TTG treatment can reduce the freezing time of the mice obviously. The pathological changes of hippocampus, prefrontal cortex and amygdala were observed by H&E histological sections and c-fos immunohistochemical expression. The main influenced areas of PTSD were revealed to be the CA1 of hippocampus, prefrontal cortex and amygdala. All of the above indicated that TTG is a convenient, safe and effective drug for PTSD treatment, and will provide a new choice for clinical management of PTSD.

12.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 613-622, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716273

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To meta-analytically compare combined transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) plus radiofrequency ablation (RFA) and surgical resection (SR) for the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) within the Milan criteria. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PubMed, Medline, Embase, and Cochrane Library were searched for studies comparing these two therapies that were published between January 2006 and August 2017. Overall survival rate (OS), recurrence-free survival rate (RFS), major complications and the average length of hospital stay were compared between these two therapies. Meta-analytic pooled odds ratio (OR) was calculated using TACE plus RFA as the base category. RESULTS: Seven case-control studies and one randomized trial were identified. Meta-analytic results revealed that, compared with SR, TACE plus RFA had significantly higher 1-year OS (OR for survival = 0.50, p = 0.009) and lower major complications (OR = 1.88, p = 0.02) after therapy. Three studies reported on the length of hospital stay. The average length ± standard deviation reported in individual studies for SR and TACE plus RFA groups was 19.8 ± 8.4 days and 7.4 ± 2.2 days, respectively; 18.7 ± 4.9 days and 11.5 ± 6.9 days, respectively; and 16.6 ± 6.7 days and 8.5 ± 4.1 days, respectively (p < 0.0001 for all studies). Three or 5-year OS and 1-, 3-, or 5-year RFS did not significantly differ between the two therapies. CONCLUSION: Combined TACE plus RFA may be an alternative to SR for the treatment of patients with HCC within Milan the criteria. Non-randomized design in most of the original studies was a limitation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Case-Control Studies , Catheter Ablation , Length of Stay , Odds Ratio , Survival Rate
13.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 806-809, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-697701

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare prenatal ultrasonography and MRI in view of the accuracy in the diag-nosis of congenital cystic adenmatiod malformation(CAMM)of the lung. Methods From January 2014 to Octo-ber 2015,68 fetus who were examined with both prenatal ultrasonography and MRI and diagnosed as CAMM by pathological findings after operation or autopsy in our study. Taking the final pathological diagnosis of fetal CCAM genotyping as the gold standard,the accuracy of prenatal ultrasonography and MRI were compared in the diagnosis of CAMM of the lung.P<0.05 was considered as statistically significant. Results The alignment degree of prena-tal ultrasound in the diagnosis of CAMM was significantly larger than that of MRI examination to the pathological di-agnosis.Conclusion Prenatal ultrasound is an important method for diagnosing CCAM before pregnancy with high accuracy and affordability.

14.
Journal of Kunming Medical University ; (12): 45-49, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694559

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the expression of miR-223-3p in the plasma of patients with diabetic kidney disease and its clinical significance. Methods The expression levels of plasma miR-223-3p in normoalbuminuric group (DM) , microoalbuminuria group (Micro-DKD) , macroalbuminuria group (Macro-DKD) and healthy controls were measured by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) . To analysis the relationship with clinical pathological parameters,target genes of miR-223-3p were predicted with bioinformatics software. Results The levels of miR-223-3p in the plasma of the remaining three groups were significantly lower than those in the healthy controls (P<0.001), and the decrease was positively correlated with the severity of the disease. The potential target genes of miR-223-3p identified by bioinformatics softwares include IL6ST and PRKCE. Conclusion The expressionof miR-223-3pin diabetic kidney disease (DKD) patients' plasma decreased and was positively correlated with the severity of the disease. It may play an important role in the development and progression of diabetic kidney disease through its target genes.

15.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 22-25, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792690

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the value of serum CEA and CA19-9 concentration for clinical staging of colorectal cancer. Methods A total of 350 patients who underwent the surgical treatments for colorectal cancer between February 2015 to January 2017 were enrolled. The serum CEA and CA19-9 were detected by chemoluminescence method. Results The positive rate of CEA of patients in stageⅠto Ⅳ was 25.00%, 36.69%, 50.78% and 66.67%, respectively. The positive rate of CA19-9 of patients in stageⅠto Ⅳwas 2.94%, 10.07%, 17.97% and 53.33%, respectively. The positive rates of CEA and CA19-9 were gradually increased with the stage developing (P<0.05). Results from multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the positive levels of CEA and CA19-9 were risk factors in the TNM staging of colorectal cancer. The ORs and 95%CI were 1.790 (1.163-2.755)and 3.476(1.790-6.749), respectively. Conclusion The positive serum concentrations of CEA and CA19-9 showed significant associations with TNM staging. Preoperative serum concentrations of CEA and CA 19-9 could be auxiliary diagnostic indicators to assess the condition of colorectal cancer.

16.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1557-1564, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780033

ABSTRACT

Topically applied traditional Chinese medicines (TCM) generally show low transdermal rates and doses, leading to weak therapeutic efficacy. Here, cataplasm of white mustard seed varnish was prepared. The effects of iontophoresis and sonophoresis on the transdermal delivery of this TCM and its anti-asthma effect were evaluated. Active components of white mustard seed, rhizoma corydalis and Radix Kansui were obtained after alcohol extraction, respectively. The volatile oil in Asarum Heterotropoides were obtained with volatile oil extraction equipment. The drug loading ratio of cataplasms was 17% (w/w). Franz cell diffusion method was used to evaluate the accumulated permeation amount and the steady-state transdermal absorption rate of sodium thiocyanate. The improvement of sonophoresis on transdermal absorption was higher than that of iontophoresis.Asthma model of guinea pigs were established. Cataplasms of white mustard seed varnish were applied on the back of guinea pigs. Iontophoresis and sonophoresis obviously promoted the transdermal absorption and enhanced anti-asthma efficacy of white mustard seed varnish cataplasms. Pathological analysis showed that iontophoresis and sonophoresis significantly alleviated inflammation. Compared with the model group, IL-4 and IgE levels in the cataplasm group, cataplasm/iontophoresis group, cataplasm/sonophoresis group decreased obviously, although the IFN-γ levels markedly increased. Moreover, the therapeutic efficacy of cataplasm/sonophoresis group was the best in all the groups, even leading to levels similar to that of healthy animals. Iontophoresis and sonophoresis are effective methods to promote transdermal absorption of cataplasms. Moreover, the effect of sonophoresis is higher than that of iontophoresis. Physical penetration improvement techniques provide a novel insight for the wide application of transdermal TCM.

17.
Journal of International Pharmaceutical Research ; (6): 947-952, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693342

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the therapeutic effect of curcumin in situ hydrogels for treatment of vaginal candidiasis. Methods In situ hydrogels were prepared using poloxamer 407 and 188 as the gel matrix.Gelation temperature,gelation time and rheological characteristics were determined.Mice models with vaginal candidiasis were established.The animals were divided into six groups:the healthy mice group,the model group,the positive control group(ketoconazole cream),curcumin-loaded in situ hydrogels of 0.025,0.10 and 0.20 g/ml.Before treatment and after the fourth and eighth treatments,the vaginal smears were collected and Gram-stained.The vagina washings fluid of mice were collected to determine DNA of Lactobacillus.On 8thday,the mice were sacrificed and the vaginal tissues were excised for pathological detection.Results The gelation temperature and time of in situ hydrogels were 29℃and 2′30″,respectively.Rheological profiles demonstrated that it showed good retention effect in vivo.Compared with the model group, curcumin hydrogels of 0.025,0.10 and 0.20 g/ml could inhibit the growth of Candida albicans,inhibit vaginal mucosal edema,inflam?matory hyperplasia,and decrease the expression of inflammatory factors including TNF-α(P<0.01)and IL-1β(P<0.01).Howev?er,curcumin hydrogels could not influence the growth of lactobacillus in the vagina.It indicated that curcumin hydrogels did not de?pend on lactobacillus to treat fungal vaginitis.Conclusion Curcumin in situ hydrogels could inhibit candidiasis growth,decrease ede?ma of vaginal mucosa and inflammatory hyperplasia,and reduce the expression of inflammatory factors.It provides a novel choice for the treatment of clinical vaginal candidiasis.

18.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 779-784, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-327748

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the application and influencing factors of early clopidogrel use in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in the central-rural region of China in 2006 and 2011. Methods A representative sample of patients in central-rural region of China admitted to hospital for AMI was created from a two-stage random sampling. In the first phase,a simple random-sampling procedure was used to identify participating hospitals. In the second stage,we selected patients admitted to each participating hospitals for AMI with a systematic sampling approach. Then we obtained clinical information via central medical record abstraction for each patient. For analysis of early clopidogrel therapy (within 24 hours of admission) status,we used multilevel Logistical regression models with the use of generalized estimating equations. Results We identified 1464 patients eligible for early clopidogrel therapy. From 2006 to 2011,the early application rate of clopidogrel increased significantly,from 3.98% to 48.72% (P<0.0001). Logistic regression analysis showed that patients with hypertension were more likely to receive early clopidogrel(OR=1.65,95% CI=1.21-2.26,P=0.001),smokers were associated with greater likelihood to receive early clopidogrel(OR=1.87,95% CI=1.19-2.95,P=0.007),and patients with chest discomfort during hospitalization indicated association with higher likelihood of early clopidogrel use within 24 hours of admission (OR=2.17,95% CI=1.35-3.49,P=0.001). Conclusions Early clopidogrel use in AMI patients has been improved from 2006 to 2011. However,tremendous gap still exists between guidelines and clinical practice. Quality improvement initiatives are in urgent need to support further improvements in early clopidogrel use for AMI patients.

19.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 2073-2077,2083, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-667319

ABSTRACT

AIM:To study the protective effect of heat shock factor1(HSF1) on the mice with lipopolysaccha-ride (LPS)-induced acute lung injury(ALI),and to screen the relevant differentially-expressed genes. METHODS:ALI mouse model was established by LPS intracheal instillation. The macroscopic and pathological changes of the lung tissue were observed,and the concentrations of total protein,TNF-α, IL-β, IL-6 and VEGF in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) were analyzed. Differentially-expressed genes in the lung tissues of HSF1 +/ +mice and HSF1 -/- mice with ALI induced by LPS were screened by gene chips. The key gene was verified by real-time qPCR. RESULTS:The macroscopic and pathological changes of the lung injury in HSF1 -/- +LPS mice were more serious than those in HSF1 +/ ++LPS mice.The concentrations of total protein,VEGF,TNF-α,IL-1β and IL-6 in the BALF of HSF1 -/- +LPS mice were significantly higher than those of HSF1 +/ ++LPS mice(P<0.05). Compared with the HSF1 +/ +mice,a total of 918 differentially-ex-pressed genes were indentified in the HSF1 -/- mice, among which the expression levels of 65 genes had obvious diffe-rence,with 28 genes up-regulated,including Atg7,ccr1,cxcr2,Tbl1xr1,Mmp9,Pparg,Plcb2,Arrb2,Cntn1,Col4a6, etc, and 37 genes down-regulated,including Fgfr1,Fgfr2,Map4k4,Ddx58,Tfg,Stat3,Smad4,Lamc1,Sdc3,etc. The results of real-time qPCR showed that the mRNA level of CXCR2 in HSF1 -/- + LPS mice was significantly higher than that in HSF1 +/ ++ LPS mice,which was consistent with the results of gene chips. CONCLUSION:HSF1 has protective effect on the mice with LPS-induced ALI. CXCR2 may be involved in the protective effect of HSF1 on this process.

20.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 785-789, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006237

ABSTRACT

@# Diffusion tensor imaging is a non-invasive MRI technique which can identify changes of cerebral microstructure that CT and MRI is difficult to find, especially in the change of nerve fibers direction, which can be used for the researches of evaluation, recovery mechanism and prognosis of neurology. It has been applied in rehabilitation of motor, language and recognition of post-stroke patients.

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