Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 12 de 12
Filter
1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812407

ABSTRACT

Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a leading cause of acute lower respiratory tract infections. Qingfei oral liquid (QFOL), a traditional Chinese medicine, is widely used in clinical treatment for RSV-induced pneumonia. The present study was designed to reveal the potential targets and mechanism of action for QFOL by exploring its influence on the host cellular network following RSV infection. We investigated the serum proteomic changes and potential biomarkers in an RSV-infected mouse pneumonia model treated with QFOL. Eighteen BALB/c mice were randomly divided into three groups: RSV pneumonia model group (M), QFOL-treated group (Q) and the control group (C). Serum proteomes were analyzed and compared using a label-free quantitative LC-MS/MS approach. A total of 172 protein groups, 1009 proteins, and 1073 unique peptides were successfully identified. 51 differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) were identified (15 DEPs when M/C and 43 DEPs when Q/M; 7 DEPs in common). Classification and interaction network showed that these proteins participated in various biological processes including immune response, blood coagulation, complement activation, and so forth. Particularly, fibrinopeptide B (FpB) and heparin cofactor II (HCII) were evaluated as important nodes in the interaction network, which was closely involved in coagulation and inflammation. Further, the FpB level was increased in Group M but decreased in Group Q, while the HCII level exhibited the opposite trend. These findings not only indicated FpB and HCII as potential biomarkers and targets of QFOL in the treatment of RSV pneumonia, but also suggested a regulatory role of QFOL in the RSV-induced disturbance of coagulation and inflammation-coagulation interactions.


Subject(s)
Animals , Biomarkers , Blood , Chromatography, Liquid , Disease Models, Animal , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Fibrinopeptide B , Genetics , Gene Expression Regulation , Heparin Cofactor II , Genetics , Lung , Pathology , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Proteome , Proteomics , Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infections , Blood , Drug Therapy , Respiratory Syncytial Viruses , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773617

ABSTRACT

Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a leading cause of acute lower respiratory tract infections. Qingfei oral liquid (QFOL), a traditional Chinese medicine, is widely used in clinical treatment for RSV-induced pneumonia. The present study was designed to reveal the potential targets and mechanism of action for QFOL by exploring its influence on the host cellular network following RSV infection. We investigated the serum proteomic changes and potential biomarkers in an RSV-infected mouse pneumonia model treated with QFOL. Eighteen BALB/c mice were randomly divided into three groups: RSV pneumonia model group (M), QFOL-treated group (Q) and the control group (C). Serum proteomes were analyzed and compared using a label-free quantitative LC-MS/MS approach. A total of 172 protein groups, 1009 proteins, and 1073 unique peptides were successfully identified. 51 differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) were identified (15 DEPs when M/C and 43 DEPs when Q/M; 7 DEPs in common). Classification and interaction network showed that these proteins participated in various biological processes including immune response, blood coagulation, complement activation, and so forth. Particularly, fibrinopeptide B (FpB) and heparin cofactor II (HCII) were evaluated as important nodes in the interaction network, which was closely involved in coagulation and inflammation. Further, the FpB level was increased in Group M but decreased in Group Q, while the HCII level exhibited the opposite trend. These findings not only indicated FpB and HCII as potential biomarkers and targets of QFOL in the treatment of RSV pneumonia, but also suggested a regulatory role of QFOL in the RSV-induced disturbance of coagulation and inflammation-coagulation interactions.


Subject(s)
Animals , Biomarkers , Blood , Chromatography, Liquid , Disease Models, Animal , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Fibrinopeptide B , Genetics , Gene Expression Regulation , Heparin Cofactor II , Genetics , Lung , Pathology , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Proteome , Proteomics , Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infections , Blood , Drug Therapy , Respiratory Syncytial Viruses , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
3.
Chinese Mental Health Journal ; (12): 964-970, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703957

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the dyadic coping and intimacy in gynecological cancer patients and their partners,and to explore the association between the two aspects.Methods:A total of 180 postoperative couples with gynecological cancer from 4 tertiary hospitals were investigated with Dyadic Coping Inventory (DCI) and Short Marital Adjustment (MAT).The relationship between couples,dyadic coping and intimacy were analyzed with the Actor-Partner Interdependence Model (APIM).Results:APIM result showed that in the actor effect patients' and spouses'supportive dyadic coping,delegated dyadic coping and common dyadic coping were positive associated with their own intimacy (B =1.77-4.41),patients'and spouses'negative dyadic coping were both adversely associated with their own intimacy (B =-2.81,-2.66).The partner effect showed that patients' supportive dyadic coping and delegated dyadic coping were both positive associated with spouses'intimacy (B =1.00,4.07),spouses'delegated dyadic coping and common dyadic coping were both positive associated with patients' intimacy (B =2.67,2.60),patients' and spouses'negative dyadic coping were negatively associated with partner'intimacy (B =-1.67,-1.40).Conclusion:It suggests that the dyadic coping may be associated with both patients'and partners' intimacy.

4.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2050-2057, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-307469

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Urine output (UO) is an essential criterion of the Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) definition and classification system for acute kidney injury (AKI), of which the diagnostic value has not been extensively studied. We aimed to determine whether AKI based on KDIGO UO criteria (KDIGOUO) could improve the diagnostic and prognostic accuracy, compared with KDIGO serum creatinine criteria (KDIGOSCr).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We conducted a secondary analysis of the database of a previous study conducted by China Critical Care Clinical Trial Group (CCCCTG), which was a 2-month prospective cohort study (July 1, 2009 to August 31, 2009) involving 3063 patients in 22 tertiary Intensive Care Units in Mainland of China. AKI was diagnosed and classified separately based on KDIGOUOand KDIGOSCr. Hospital mortality of patients with more severe AKI classification based on KDIGOUOwas compared with other patients by univariate and multivariate regression analyses.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The prevalence of AKI increased from 52.4% based on KDIGOSCrto 55.4% based on KDIGOSCrcombined with KDIGOUO. KDIGOUOalso resulted in an upgrade of AKI classification in 7.3% of patients, representing those with more severe AKI classification based on KDIGOUO. Compared with non-AKI patients or those with maximum AKI classification by KDIGOSCr, those with maximum AKI classification by KDIGOUOhad a significantly higher hospital mortality of 58.4% (odds ratio [OR]: 7.580, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 4.141-13.873, P< 0.001). In a multivariate logistic regression analysis, AKI based on KDIGOUO (OR: 2.891, 95% CI: 1.964-4.254, P< 0.001), but not based on KDIGOSCr (OR: 1.322, 95% CI: 0.902-1.939, P = 0.152), was an independent risk factor for hospital mortality.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>UO was a criterion with additional value beyond creatinine criterion for AKI diagnosis and classification, which can help identify a group of patients with high risk of death.</p>


Subject(s)
Acute Disease , Mortality , Aged , Creatinine , Blood , Critical Illness , Mortality , Female , Hospital Mortality , Humans , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Kidney Diseases , Blood , Mortality , Pathology , Urine , Logistic Models , Male , Middle Aged , Prognosis , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors
5.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1119-1121, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-307728

ABSTRACT

According to the analysis and integration on prior research results regarding meridian essence, it is believed that high-energy metabolism is one of the main characteristics of along-meridian specificity. With discussion on the formation mechanism of along-meridians high-energy metabolism as entry point, it is found out that proteins of voltage-gated calcium channel along the meridians are likely to play an essential role of starting and coupling during the along-meridians functional activity. Thus, the hypothesis "proteins coupling in the meridians" is modified to the hypothesis "calcium channels proteins coupling in the meridians", which opens new path to reveal material basis and action mechanism of meridians.


Subject(s)
Calcium , Metabolism , Calcium Channels , Metabolism , Energy Metabolism , Humans , Meridians
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-314324

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the clinical efficacy difference on vegetative state in children between acupoint injection combined with plum-blossom needle and western medication based on basic treatment.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Forty-eight children of vegetative state were randomized into an observation group and a control group, 24 cases in each one. On the basis of the treatment of transcranial magnetic stimulation apparatus, balancing treatment apparatus and massage, the acupoint injection and tapping method with plum-blossom needle were adopted in the observation group, in which Xingnaojing injection, mouse nerve growth factor (mNGF) injection, monosialotetrahexosylganglioside sodium injection (MSI), compound Danshen injection were divided in 6 pairs and were injected respectively in Baihui (GV 20), Yongquan (KI 1), Fengfu (GV 16), Yamen (GV 15) and the others, 0.5 mL in each acupoint, once a day for continuous 10 days. Additionally, the tapping method with plum-blossom needle was used on the Governor Vessel and Jiaji (EX-B 2) on the back. In the control group, the intravenous infusion was adopted with citicoline sodium injection, mannitol injection and dexamethasone injection. The treatment was given once a day, 20 days of treatment made one session and totally 3 sessions were required in the two groups. The clinical efficacy, the vegetative state score and the mean curing time were observed after 20 days, 40 days and 60 days of treatment between the two groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The effective rates were 58.3% (14/24), 70.8% (17/24) and 79.2% (19/24) in 20 days, 40 days and 60 days of treatment in the observation group and 20.8% (5/24), 45.8% (11/24) and 58.3% (14/24) in the control group respectively. The efficacy in the observation group was superior to those in the control group (P < 0.01, P < 0.05). The vegetative state score was improved apparently after 20 days, 40 days and 60 days of treatment as compared with those before treatment separately (all P < 0.05). It was improved obviously at the each time point after treatment in the observation group as compared with that in the control group (3.34 +/- 2.41 vs 2.64 +/- 11.56, 6.20 +/- 1.46 vs 4.34 +/- 1.64, 11.26 +/- 2.63 vs 8.75 +/- 2.18, all P < 0.05). The mean curing time was (45.67 +/- 16.24) days in the observation group, which was shorter apparently than that of (55.34 +/- 4.57) days in the control group (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Based on basic treatment acupoint injection combined with tapping method of plum-blossom needle achieve the reliable efficacy on vegetative state in children.</p>


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Animals , Child, Preschool , Combined Modality Therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Mice , Nerve Growth Factor , Persistent Vegetative State , Drug Therapy , Therapeutics , Phenanthrolines , Treatment Outcome
7.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 4409-4416, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-327557

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Acute kidney injury (AKI) has been recognized as a major healthcare problem affecting millions of patients worldwide. However, epidemiologic data concerning AKI in China are still lacking. The objectives of this study were to characterize AKI defined by RIFLE criteria, assess the association with hospital mortality, and evaluate the impact of AKI in the context of other risk factors.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>This prospective multicenter observational study enrolled 3,063 consecutive patients from 1 July 2009 to 31 August 2009 in 22 ICUs across mainland China. We excluded patients who were admitted for less than 24 hours (n = 1623), younger than 18 years (n = 127), receiving chronic hemodialysis (n = 29), receiving renal transplantation (n = 1) and unknown reasons (n = 28). There were 1255 patients in the final analysis. AKI was diagnosed and classified according to RIFLE criteria.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were 396 patients (31.6%) who had AKI, with RIFLE maximum class R, I, and F in 126 (10.0%), 91 (7.3%), and 179 (14.3%) patients, respectively. Renal function deteriorated in 206 patients (16.4%). In comparison with non AKI patients, patients in the risk class on ICU admission were more likely to progress to the injury class (odds ratio (OR) 3.564, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.706 - 7.443, P = 0.001], while patients in the risk class (OR 5.215, 95% CI 2.798-9.719, P < 0.001) and injury class (OR 13.316, 95% CI 7.507-23.622, P < 0.001) had a significantly higher probability of deteriorating into failure class. The adjusted hazard ratios for 90-day mortality were 1.884 for the risk group, 3.401 for the injury group, and 5.306 for the failure group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The prevalence of AKI was high among critically ill patients in Chinese ICUs. In comparison with non-AKI patients, patients with RIFLE class R or class I on ICU admission were more susceptibility to progression to class I or class F. The RIFLE criteria were robust and correlated well with clinical deterioration and mortality.</p>


Subject(s)
Acute Kidney Injury , Epidemiology , Pathology , Adult , Aged , China , Epidemiology , Female , Humans , Intensive Care Units , Male , Middle Aged , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-326932

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To screen mutations of tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) patients to confirm a clinical diagnosis of TSC, and to perform prenatal diagnosis for families with mutations.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>In this study, PCR-denaturing high-performance liquid chromatography(DHPLC), supplemented with sequencing when necessary, was used to screen TSC1 and TSC2 mutations in 21 patients from 19 pedigrees visited author's hospital in the last five years. For novel mutations, one hundred unrelated healthy individuals were screened to exclude the possibility of polymorphism.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Seventeen different mutations were found in 21 patients of 19 pedigrees with 13 being novel mutations, including c. 2672delA, c. 2672insA of TSC1 gene and c.4918insCGCC, c.1143delG, Intron27+1 G>A, c.1957-1958delAG, Intron5+1 G>A, c.910insCT, c.2753 C>G, c.4078dupAGCAAGTCCAGCTCCTC, Intron 11 -1 G>A, Intron 14+1 G>A, c.684 C>A of TSC2 gene, indicating a high frequency of de novo mutations in TSC. Three of these mutations were in the TSC1 gene (N762S, c.2672insA and c. 2672delA), while all remaining 14 were in the TSC2 gene. Prenatal diagnosis for TSC was performed for 7 fetuses from these pedigrees. The six fetuses that tested negative for TSC mutations were carried to term and, to date, none of these children has shown symptoms of TSC.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Author's data showed that a mutation detection rate of tuberous sclerosis was 89.5%(17/19) among patients in author's hospital. The ratio of TSC2 and TSC1 mutations was about 1:1 in the familial cases, but TSC2 mutation was more common than TSC1 mutation in sporadic cases. Author's data demonstrated that birth of TSC children for those with familial history of TSC could be prevented through prenatal diagnosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Base Sequence , DNA Mutational Analysis , Methods , Female , Humans , Male , Pedigree , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Genetics , Pregnancy , Prenatal Diagnosis , Methods , Retrospective Studies , Tuberous Sclerosis , Diagnosis , Genetics
9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1545-1550, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-353947

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Accumulating evidence indicates that both innate and adaptive mechanisms are responsible for the postnatal development of the mammalian visual cortex. Most of the studies, including gene expression analysis, were performed on the visual cortex during the critical period; few efforts were made to elucidate the molecular changes in the visual cortex during much earlier postnatal stages. The current study aimed to gain a general insight into the molecular mechanisms in the developmental process of the rat visual cortex using microarray to display the gene expression profiles of the visual cortex on postnatal days.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>All age-matched Sprague-Dawley rats in various groups including postnatal day 0 (P0, n = 20), day 10 (P10, n = 15), day 20 (P20, n = 15) and day 45 (P45, n = 10) were sacrificed respectively. Fresh visual cortex from the binocular area (Area 17) was dissected for extraction of total RNA for microarray analyses. Taking advantage of annotation information from the gene ontology and pathway database, the gene expression profiles were systematically and globally analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Of the 31 042 gene sequences represented on the rat expression microarray, more than 4000 of the transcripts significantly altered at days 45, 20 or 10 compared to day 0. The most obvious alteration of gene expression occurred in the first ten days of the postnatal period and the genomic activities of the visual cortex maintained a high level from birth to day 45. Compared to the gene expression at birth, there were 2630 changed transcripts that shared in three postnatal periods. The up-regulated genes in most signaling pathways were more than those of the down-regulated genes.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Analyzing gene expression patterns, we provide a detailed insight into the molecular organization of the developing visual cortex in the earlier postnatal rat. The most obvious alteration of gene expression in visual cortex occurred in the first ten days. Our data were a basis to identify new relevant candidate genes that control visual cortex development.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Gene Expression Profiling , Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental , Genetics , Physiology , Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis , Rats , Visual Cortex , Metabolism
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-104284

ABSTRACT

Phospholipids are key components of cellular membrane and signaling. Among cellular phospholipids, phosphoinositides, phosphorylated derivatives of phosphatidylinositol are important as a participant in essential metabolic processes in animals. However, due to its low abundance in cells and tissues, it is difficult to identify the composition of phosphoinositides. Recent advances in mass spectrometric techniques, combined with established separation methods, have allowed the rapid and sensitive detection and quantification of a variety of lipid species including phosphoinositides. In this mini review, we briefly introduce progress in profiling of cellular phosphoinositides using mass spectrometry. We also summarize current progress of matrices development for the analysis of cellular phospholipids using matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry. The phosphoinositides profiling and phospholipids imaging will help us to understand how they function in a biological system and will provide a powerful tool for elucidating the mechanism of diseases such as diabetes, cancer and neurodegenerative diseases. The investigation of cellular phospholipids including phosphoinositides using electrospray ionization mass spectrometry and matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry will suggest new insights on human diseases, and on clinical application through drug development of lipid related diseases.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mass Spectrometry/methods , Phosphatidylinositols/metabolism , Phospholipids/metabolism , Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization , Spectrometry, Mass, Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption-Ionization
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-676744

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the curative effect of chemotherapy combined with radiotherapy for limited-stage small cell lung cancer(LD-SCLC).Methods 34 cases of patients with LD-SCLC were rand- mized into interdigitating chemoradiotherapy group and sequential chemoradiotherapy group.All patients re- ceived four to six cycles of alternating CE(C:carboplatin 300 mg/m~2 d_1;E:etoposide100 mg d_(1~5)and CAP(C: cyclophosphamide 600 mg/m~2 d_(1,8);A:adriamycin 40 mg/m~2 d_1;P:cisplatin 50 mg d_(3~5)chemotherapy,three weeks for a cycle.All patients also received thoracic radiotherapy with conventional fraction,2.0 Gy per frac- tion,five fractions per week.The total dose was 60 Gy.Results In interdigitating chemoradiotherapy group, CR was 64.7%,PR was 29.4%,NR was 5.9% and PD was 0 after chemo-radiation therapy.In sequential chemoradiotherapy group,CR was 23.5%,PR was 52.9%,NR was 23.5% and PD was 0 after chemothera- py,and CR was 58.8%,PR was 35.3%,NR was 5.9% and PD was 0 after radiotherapy.Conclusion The therapeutic effect of chemotherapy combined with radiotherapy for LD-SCLC was satisying.There was no sig- nificant difference in the effect between the two groups.

12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-249188

ABSTRACT

Confocal laser scanning microscopy was used to observe the spatio-temporal expression of the pathway-specific gene redD during S. coelicolor cell cultivation. The corresponding mutant S. coelicolor lyqRY1522 carrying redD::eyfp in the chromosome was constructed. The temporal expression results of the fusion protein during submerged cultivation demonstrated that expression of redD began in the transition phase, continuing through the exponential growth phase to the stationary phase, and reached maximum in the stationary phase. On the other hand, redD was expressed only in substrate mycelia during solid-state culture, while aerial mycelia remained essentially non-fluorescent throughout culture. Results demonstrated that the expression pattern of redD coincides with that of the biosynthesis of the antibiotics during culture, revealing a direct correlation between the spatio-temporal distribution of regulatory gene expression and second metabolism.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents , Bacterial Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Gene Expression Profiling , Gene Expression Regulation, Bacterial , Physiology , Mutation , Signal Transduction , Physiology , Streptomyces coelicolor , Genetics , Metabolism , Trans-Activators , Genetics , Metabolism
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL