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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879874

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the association of serum levels of trace elements with core symptoms in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD).@*METHODS@#From September 2018 to September 2019, an investigation was performed for 1 020 children with ASD and 1 038 healthy children matched for age and sex in the outpatient service of grade A tertiary hospitals and special education institutions in 13 cities of China. Autism Behavior Checklist (ABC), Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS), and Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS) were used to assess the core symptoms of the children with ASD. The inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry was used to measure serum levels of trace elements magnesium, iron, copper, and zinc.@*RESULTS@#The children with ASD had significantly lower serum levels of magnesium, copper, and zinc than the healthy children (@*CONCLUSIONS@#The serum levels of magnesium and zinc may be associated with core symptoms in children with ASD, which requires further studies. The nutritional status of trace elements should be monitored for children with ASD in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Autism Spectrum Disorder , Child , China , Copper/analysis , Humans , Trace Elements/analysis , Zinc
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824978

ABSTRACT

Objective: To summarize the clinical application patterns in acupuncture-moxibustion treatment of AD by reviewing the clinical literatures on acupuncture-moxibustion for Alzheimer disease (AD) published between January 2009 and December 2019. Methods: China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wanfang Academic Journal Full-text Database (Wanfang), Chongqing VIP Database (CQVIP), Chinese Medicine Acupuncture-moxibustion Information Database, PubMed Medical Data Retrieval Service System, Springer Database and Ovid Technologies (OVID) were retrieved to screen clinical studies of acupuncture-moxibustion treatment of AD according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria to conduct quantitative, clustering and association analyses. Results: In acupuncture-moxibustion treatment of AD, the frequently used points were Baihui (GV 20), Zusanli (ST 36), Sishencong (EX-HN 1), Taixi (KI 3), Sanyinjiao (SP 6), and Neiguan (PC 6) in the descending order. Regarding meridians, the most frequently used one was the Governor Vessel, followed by the Stomach Meridian of Foot Yangming and Gallbladder Meridian of Foot Shaoyang. From the perspective of body regions, the points in the head-face region and the lower-limb region had the highest frequencies, followed by the upper-limb, back and chest-abdomen regions. The point group, Baihui (GV 20) and Sishencong (EX-HN 1)-Neiguan (PC 6)-Sanyinjiao (SP 6), showed the most significant association, and the group winning the second place was Baihui (GV 20) and Sishencong (EX-HN 1)-Neiguan (PC 6)- Zusanli (ST 36). The clustering analysis showed that the commonly used point pairs included Zusanli (ST 36)-Sishencong (EX-HN 1) and Taixi (KI 3)-Sanyinjiao (SP 6), which were closely associated with Baihui (GV 20). By analyzing the three commonly used acupuncture-moxibustion methods, acupuncture plus medication was found achieving the best result in the total effective rate and mini-mental state examination (MMSE) score, followed by monotherapy of electroacupuncture therapy, and these two methods were superior to acupuncture alone (P<0.05); the scores of MMSE, Alzheimer disease assessment scale-cognitive section (ADAS-cog) and activity of daily living scale (ADL) showed significant improvements after treatment (all P<0.01). Conclusion: In the acupuncture-moxibustion prescriptions for AD, the main points are Baihui (GV 20), Sishencong (EX-HN 1), Neiguan (PC 6), Zusanli (ST 36), Sanyinjiao (SP 6) and Taixi (KI 3). Monotherapy of acupuncture has the highest frequency amongst the treatment methods, but its effective rate is lower than that of acupuncture plus medication and monotherapy of electroacupuncture.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824957

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the effects of moxibustion on colonic inflammation, and the expressions of ubiquitin and nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain (Nod)-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) proteins in rats with ulcerative colitis (UC), and to explore the anti-inflammatory mechanism of moxibustion in the UC treatment. Methods: Clean grade male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into a normal group (NG), a model group (MG), a moxa-stick moxibustion group (MSMG) and a Western medicine group (WMG). UC model was prepared by freely drinking 35 g/L dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) solution. Bilateral Tianshu (ST 25) were selected for mild moxibustion treatment in the MSMG; mesalazine solution was intragastrically administrated in the WMG. Rats in the NG and MG were only grasped and fixed as in the MSMG without any treatment. After treatment, hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was performed to observe and score the colonic pathological damage under light microscope; immunofluorescence method was used to determine the expression of colonic ubiquitin protein; immunohistochemical method was used to detect the expressions of colonic interleukin (IL)-1β and NLRP3 proteins. Results: The colon tissue was severely injured, and the pathological score was significantly increased in the MG than in the NG (P<0.01), and the protein expressions of ubiquitin, NLRP3 and IL-1β in the colon were significantly increased (all P<0.01). Compared with the MG, the colonic damage was repaired, the inflammation and pathological scores were reduced, and the ubiquitin, NLRP3 and IL-1β protein expressions were decreased in the MSMG and WMG (all P<0.01). Correlation analysis revealed that the ubiquitin protein expression was correlated with the colonic pathological score and the NLRP3 protein expression (r=0.677, P<0.01; r=0.536, P<0.05). Conclusion: Moxibustion can down-regulate the protein expressions of ubiquitin, NLRP3 and IL-1β in the colon of UC rats, which may be one of the mechanisms to promote the repair of colonic inflammatory lesions and exert anti-inflammatory effects.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743446

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the action mechanism of moxibustion in treating Crohn's disease (CD) by observing the effect of herbal cake-partitioned moxibustion on the expression of NLRP3 inflammasome (NLRP3, ASC and Caspase-1) and IL-1β. Method Male Sprague Dawley (SD) rats of clean conventional grade were randomized into a normal control group (NG), a model control group (MG), a herbal cake-partitioned moxibustion control group (MoxG), and a sham moxibustion control group (SMG). The CD rat models were developed by using the mixture of 2, 4, 6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS) and alcohol via enema. When the models were successfully developed, the MoxG received moxibustion intervention at bilateral Tianshu (ST25) and Qihai (CV6), and the SMG were administered by unlighted moxa cones. At the end of treatment, the length of each rats' colon and the colon macroscopic damage index (CMDI) score were recorded, the histopathological variations of rats' colons were observed by adopting HE staining and light microscope, and the expressions of NLRP3, ASC, Caspase-1 and IL-1β in rats' colons were determined by using immunohistochemical technique. Result Compared to the NG, the MG had its rats' colons present with severe damages, fissured ulcers and inflammatory cell infiltration with edema, and granulomas in submucosa of some colons, and its expressions of NLRP3, ASC, Caspase-1 and IL-1β increased significantly (P<0.05);compared to the MG, the MoxG had rats' colons present with improved structures and reduced intestinal inflammation, and its expressions of NLRP3, ASC, Caspase-1 and IL-1β dropped significantly (P<0.05); the SMG had its rats' colon inflammation present similarly to the MG, and its expressions of NLRP3, ASC, Caspase-1 and IL-1β had no significant difference (P>0.05). Conclusion Herbal Cake-partitioned moxibustion can down-regulate the expressions of NLRP3, ASC, caspase-1 and IL-1β in CD rats' colons to promote the repair of colon damage.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-695872

ABSTRACT

Objective To review year 1954-2016 literature on acupuncture treatment of ophthalmologic and otorhinolaryngologic diseases and objectively reflect modern acupuncture-treated ophthalmologic and otorhino- laryngologic disease spectrum by literature metrology and evaluation to give full play to the advantage of acupuncture medicine.Method A statistical analysis was made by a method of metrological analysis according to the data from "China acupuncture-moxibustion information databank".Results and Conclusion The number of documents on acupuncture treatment of ophthalmologic and otorhinolaryngologic diseases increased gradually. The proportion of clinical research literature to the annual total literature also increased gradually. Acupuncture-treated ophthalmologic and otorhinolaryngologic disease spectrum had 85 kinds of diseases. From multi-angle data analysis, the ophthalmologic and otorhinolaryngologic diseases against which acupuncture is effective were allergic rhinitis, deafness, myopia and tinnitus. Acupuncture is worthy to be popularized and applied to clinical treatment of ophthalmologic and otorhinolaryngologic diseases. Acupuncture-treated ophthalmologic and otorhinolaryngologic disease spectrum is still in a primary stage and needs further study and evaluation.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712676

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of moxibustion on the protein and mRNA expressions of corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF)and corticotropin-releasing factor receptor 1 (CRFR1) in hypothalamus of trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS)-induced experimental colitis rats,and to explore the central mechanisms of moxibustion in improving visceral pain and the pain-related emotions in experimental colitis rats.Methods:Thirty-six Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into a normal group (NG),a model group (MG),a herb-partitioned moxibustion group (HPMG) and a sham herb-partitioned moxibustion group (SHPMG).Except the NG,rats in the remaining three groups all received TNBS enema to establish experimental colitis models.The HPMG received herb-partitioned moxibustion (HPM) at bilateral Tianshu (ST 25) and Qihai (CV 6) for intervention;for the SHPMG,the herbal cakes and moxa cones were only placed on the acupoints but not ignited;rats in the MG and NG were only fixed in the same way as those in the HPMG but did not receive any treatment.At the end of the intervention,the abdominal withdrawal reflex (AWR) score,the open field test (OFT) score and the elevated plus maze (EPM) score were observed to measure the changes in visceral pain and pain-related emotions of the rats.The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to examine the expressions of CRF and CRFR1 proteins in hypothalamus;the fluorescence-based quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used to detect the expressions of CRF and CRFR1 mRNAs in hypothalamus.Results:Compared with the NG,the AWR score increased significantly and the OFT and EPM scores dropped significantly in the MG (all P<0.05),and the expressions of hypothalamic CRF and CRFR1 proteins and mRNAs increased significantly (all P<0.01).Compared with the MG and SHPMG,the AWR score dropped significantly and the OFT and EPM scores increased significantly in the HPMG (all P<0.01),and the expressions of hypothalamic CRF and CRFR1 proteins and mRNAs decreased significantly (all P<0.05).There were no significant differences between the MG and the SHPMG (all P>0.05).Conclusion:HPM can down-regulate the abnormally increased expressions of CRF and CRFR1 proteins and mRNAs in hypothalamus of the TNBS-induced experimental colitis rats,which is plausibly one of its action mechanisms in mitigating visceral pain and the pain-related emotions in the experimental colitis rats.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-350684

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To use COI gene on the Mauremys reevesii and its adulterants by molecular identification. Search a rapid, accurate method of identification of Teseudinis Carapax et Planstrum and its adulterants.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>We collected 8 species of the authentic and adulterants of teseudinis carapax et planstrum in a nationwide then, extracted DNA, got the COI sequences. Use ContigExpress, Dnaman, Edit Sequence and Mega 5 to analyze the variable site and construct the N-J tree.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Compare with the authentic Teseudinis Carapax et Planstrum, the adulterant exist lots of variable site. The N-J tree Indicates that the same genus belong together and each species belong to relatively independent branch.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Based on the COI gene, the technology of DNA bar code can be a excellent identification of Teseudinis Carapax et Planstrum and its adulterants.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Base Sequence , DNA Barcoding, Taxonomic , Electron Transport Complex IV , Genetics , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Reference Standards , Molecular Sequence Data , Phylogeny , Quality Control , Reptilian Proteins , Genetics , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Turtles , Classification , Genetics
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-819652

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the precise species of tick vector and the Borrelia spirochete pathogen at the Heilongjiang Province international border with Russia.@*METHODS@#In this study, ticks were collected from 12 Heilongjiang border crossings (including grasslands, shrublands, forests, and plantantions) to determine the rate and species type of spirochete-infected ticks and the most prevalent spirochete genotypes.@*RESULTS@#The ticks represented three genera and four species of the Ixodidae family [Ixodes persulcatus, Dermacentor silvarum, Haemaphysalis concinna and Haemaphysalis japonica]. Ixodes persulcatus had the highest amount of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato infection of 25.6% and the most common species of Borrelia isolated from Ixodes persulcatus was Borrelia garinii, strain PD91.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Our results suggest that Borrelia garinii PD91-infected Ixodes persulcatus may be the principal cause of Lyme disease in the border crossing areas of Heilongjiang Province.


Subject(s)
Animals , Arachnid Vectors , Microbiology , Borrelia burgdorferi Group , Genetics , China , Emigration and Immigration , Ixodes , Microbiology , Lyme Disease , Microbiology , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length , RNA , Genetics , Russia
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-325128

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To summarize the echocardiographic features of a wide spectrum of congenital mitral valve anomalies.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The medical records, echocardiograms, cardiac catheterization studies, and surgical reports were reviewed. The mitral valve anomalies evaluated in the study included parachute mitral valve, double orifice mitral valve, congenital mitral stenosis with 2 papillary muscles, anomalous papillary muscle rotation, and 3 commissures and papillary muscles in 15 cases. Surgeries were performed in 11 patients, and 1 patient underwent transcatheter closure of the patent ductus arteriosus.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The echocardiograms of 6 cases of parachute mitral valve were characterized by a hypoplastic mitral valve with short chordal attachments to a single posterior medial papillary muscle. The mitral valve demonstrated restricted motion. The double orifice mitral valve were featured by two separate mitral valve orifice, with each suborifice supported by its own tension apparatus in 4 patients. Asymmetric hypoplastic mitral valve stenosis with two papillary muscles was found in 1 patient with short and unbalanced chordal attachments to the anterior lateral major papillary muscle. Anomalous papillary muscle rotation was found in 1 patient. Mirtal anomaly with 3 major commissures and 3 papillary muscles was found in 3 patients.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Echocardiography offers clear demonstration of the mitral valve thickness and chordal attachments, and allows visualization of the position and the number of the papillary muscles and interpapillary spaces for evaluation of the mobility of the valve leaflets, therefore can be a valuable diagnostic modality for congenital mitral valve anomalies, especially congenital mitral stenosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , Echocardiography, Doppler, Color , Female , Humans , Infant , Middle Aged , Mitral Valve , Congenital Abnormalities , Diagnostic Imaging , Mitral Valve Stenosis , Diagnostic Imaging , Papillary Muscles , Congenital Abnormalities , Diagnostic Imaging , Young Adult
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-291796

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVES</b>To study maturation of the metacarpal bone in puberty children during their growth spurt period and its difference between urban and rural areas.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Totally, 560 pupils/students were selected from primary and secondary schools in urban and rural areas each, with 35 children in each gender and age group, ranging 12 - 15 years of age for boys and 10 - 13 for girls. An X-ray film of left hand-wrist site was taken for each of them. Length and width of the metacarpal bone were measured and the metacarpal index was calculated.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Increment of length of the metacarpal bone was great in puberty children both in urban and rural areas, (6.26 - 9.31) mm in boys and (5.28 - 9.12) mm in girls. Mean length of the metacarpal bone was longer in children of urban areas than that of rural ones, regardless of their age and gender. There was significant difference in mean length of the metacarpal bone between boys aged 14 - 15 years and girls aged 12. Mean width of the metacarpal bone in most children was wider in rural areas than that in urban ones. Mean metacarpal index in children was higher in urban areas than that in rural ones, with very statistical significance, except for girls of 13 year age group. The peak age of metacarpal maturation was 1 year earlier in urban areas than in rural ones.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Maturation of the metacarpal bone was rapid during puberty growth spurt period, with relatively significant difference in urban and rural ares.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Age Factors , Anthropometry , Bone Development , Physiology , Child , China , Female , Humans , Male , Metacarpus , Puberty , Physiology , Rural Health , Urban Health
11.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 548-551, 2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-291381

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the changes of platelet in May-Hegglin anomaly (MHA) and the molecular pathogenesis mechanism.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Peripheral blood was drawn from the MHA proband, her father and her uncle. Platelet count and morphology were examined by automatic blood cell counter and microscopy, respectively. The platelet membrane protein was examined by flow cytometry. Membrane antibodies were determined by ELISA. PCR was used to amplify the exons 25, 31 approximately 32, 38 and 40 of the MYH 9 gene in the MHA patient and her diseased father. Furthermore, PCR products were sequenced, a specific point mutation was identified and inclusions (Dohle's body) in the neutrophil was detected by indirect immunofluorescence technique.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>It was proved that in MHA patients, platelet count was higher by cell counter than by microscope (P < 0.01). Giant platelet was 94% but platelet membrane proteins (CD41, CD61, CD42A, CD42b) were in normal range. Membrane antibodies was undetectable. An A5521G mutation (GAG-->AAG) in the exon 38 was found in the proband and her diseased father, resulting in a characteristic change of NMMHC-A1841 (Glutamic acid-->Arginine), which was not found in other members of the family and in normal controls. Spindle-like inclusions with fluorescence were clearly displayed in neutrophil cytoplasm.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The molecular pathogenesis mechanism of May-Hegglin anomaly is the mutation in MYH 9 gene.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Base Sequence , Blood Platelets , Metabolism , Pathology , DNA Mutational Analysis , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Female , Flow Cytometry , Granulocytes , Metabolism , Pathology , Humans , Inclusion Bodies , Metabolism , Pathology , Male , Molecular Motor Proteins , Genetics , Mutation , Myosin Heavy Chains , Genetics , Pedigree , Platelet Count , Platelet Membrane Glycoproteins , Metabolism , Thrombocytopenia , Blood , Genetics , Pathology
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