Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 39
Filter
Add filters








Year range
1.
Mycobiology ; : 401-407, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-918539

ABSTRACT

Two new species of the lichen genus Placolecis are discovered in China, namely P. kunmingensis An. C. Yin & Li S. Wang and P. sublaevis An. C. Yin & Li S. Wang. The new combination P. loekoesiana (S.Y. Kondr., Farkas, J.J. Woo & Hur) An. C. Yin is proposed. Placolecis kunmingensis is characterized by having simple, spherical or ellipsoid, hyaline spores, and pear-shaped pycnidia; while P. sublaevis can be distinguished by its thallus forming larger aggregations with slightly flattened lobes at the thallus margin, and urn-shaped pycnidia. Descriptions, a phylogenetic tree and a key are provided for all the known Placolecis species in China.

2.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1100-1103, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-246809

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the expression pattern of HOXA9 in myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) patients and its relation with clinical characteristics and treatment response.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The mRNA and protein expression levels of HOXA9 in bone marrow cells from 33 cases of MDS, 12 cases of AML, 20 cases of ITP and 18 normal controls were detected by real-time guautitative PCR(RT-PCR) and flow cytometry, respectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The percentage of HOXA9(+)/CD34(+) and HOXA9(+)/CD34(+)CD38(-) in MDS patients were significantly higher than that in control group (P<0.05), and the mRNA and protein expression of HOXA9 in MDS patients had a similar trend. The percentages of HOXA9(+)/CD34(+) and HOXA9(+)/CD34(+)CD38(-) before decitabine treatment were (50.64±27.59)% and (55.67±28.57)% respectively, which were both higher than those in control group (P<0.05). After decitabine treatment, expression of HOXA9 significantly decreased (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>HOXA9 is overexpressed in MDS patients and associated with several clinical characteristics. The detection of HOXA9 expression may have guide roles for diagnosis and treatment of MDS patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Bone Marrow Cells , Flow Cytometry , Homeodomain Proteins , Humans , Myelodysplastic Syndromes
3.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1110-1115, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-246807

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the effect of costimulatory signaling molecules (CD80, CD86) expression on the quantity and function of B lymphocytes in peripheral blood (PB) of the patients with immune thrombocytopenia (ITP).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 55 ITP patients (30 cases were newly diagnosed and 25 cases were in remission), 25 healthy volunteers as controls were enrolled in this study. The levels of CD19(+)CD5(+), CD19(+)CD80(+), CD19(+)CD86(+), CD41a(+)IgG, CD41a(+)IgM and IgG, IgM in CD19(+)B cells were measured by flow cytometry (FCM). The correlation of CD19(+)B cells with clinical parameters of ITP patients was analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The level of B1 (CD19(+)CD5(+)) of newly diagnosed ITP patients was significantly higher than that of remitted ITP patients and controls (P<0.05). The level of CD19(+)CD80(+) of newly diagnosed ITP patients was significantly higher than that of remitted ITP patients and controls (P<0.05). And the expression of IgG and IgM in CD19(+)B cells of newly diagnosed ITP patients was significantly higher than that of remitted ITP patients and controls (P<0.05). The levels of IgG and IgM in remitted ITP patients after treatment were significantly lower than that before treatment (P<0.05). The level differences of IgG and IgM before and after treatment in refractory ITP patients were not statistically significant (P>0.05). The expression of CD19(+)CD80(+) in newly diagnosed ITP patients positively correlated with the level of Th1 and Th1/Th2 (r=0.502, r=0.471, P<0.05). The expression of CD19(+)CD80(+) of newly diagnosed ITP patients positively correlated with the level of IgG and IgM in CD19(+)B cells (r=0.552, r=0.467, P<0.05), and negatively correlated with PB platelet count (r= -0.424, P<0.05). The levels of IgG and IgM in CD19(+)B cells of newly diagnosed ITP patients negati- vely correlated with PB platelet count (r=-0.658, r=-0.526, P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The enhacement of costimulatory signaling pathway of CD19(+)B cells in ITP patients results in the abnormal activation of B lymphocytes, thereby mediates the dysfunction of immune system and involves in the pathogenesis of ITP.</p>


Subject(s)
B-Lymphocytes , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Platelet Count , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic , Signal Transduction , Thrombocytopenia
4.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1504-1508, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-274007

ABSTRACT

Myelodysplastic Syndrome (MDS) is a group of clonal disorders of hematopoietic stem cells characterized by peripheral cytopenia, ineffective hematopoiesis, morphologically apparent multilineage dysplasia, and enhanced risk of evolution towards acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Most of the research findings have verified the abnormal proliferation and differentiation of hematopoietic cells in MDS. The defects of cellular and molecular factors such as transcription factors (GATA-1~GATA-3, FOG1, Pu.1), growth factors (Epo, G-CSF, GM-CSF) and anti-apoptosis genes ultimately affect the cell cycle regulation and mismatch repair of DNA, changes of hematopoietic microenvironment and immune response. These defects result in ineffective hematopoiesis and dysplasia.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Differentiation , Cell Proliferation , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Cell Biology , Humans , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins , Metabolism , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Myelodysplastic Syndromes , Transcription Factors , Metabolism
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-302404

ABSTRACT

This study was purposed to detect the quantity and function of bone marrow (BM) T follicular helper (Tfh) cells of patients with immune thrombocytopenia, and to explore the role of Tfh cells in the pathogenesis of ITP. Twenty-one newly diagnosed ITP patients, twenty ITP patients in recovery stage and eighteen normal controls were enrolled in this study. The percentages of Tfh cells, Tfh-related molecules ICOS, CD40L, IL-21 in BM were detected by flow cytometry (FCM), and the mRNA expression of BCL-6 in BMMNC was determined by semi-quantitive RT-PCR. Correlation of Tfh cell level with the disease severity of ITP patients was analysed. The results showed that the ratio of CD4(+)CXCR5(+)/CD4(+) cells in newly diagnosed ITP patients [(5.532 ± 2.599)%] was significantly higher than that in ITP patients with recovery stage [(4.064 ± 2.026)%] and controls [(4.048 ± 1.413)%] (P < 0.05). The ratio of CD4(+)CXCR5(+)ICOS(+)/CD4(+) CXCR5(+) cells in newly diagnosed ITP patients [(14.586 ± 8.561)%] was higher than that in recovery stage ITP patients [(12.884 ± 10.161)%] and controls [(7.487 ± 5.176)%]. The differences be-tween newly diagnosed ITP patients and controls were statistically significant (P < 0.05). The ratio of CD4(+)CXCR5(+) CD40L(+)/CD4(+) CXCR5(+) cells in newly diagnosed ITP patients [(15.309 ± 10.756)%] and in ITP patients with recovery stage [(18.242 ± 12.243)%] were significantly higher than that in controls [(8.618 ± 5.719) %] (P < 0.05). The ratio of intracytoplasm CD4(+) CXCR5(+) IL-21(+)/CD4(+)CXCR5(+) cells in newly diagnosed ITP patients [(58.560 ± 26.285)%] and in ITP patients with recovery stage [(57.035 ± 30.936)%] were significantly higher than that in controls [(36.289 ± 24.868)%] (P < 0.05). The relative expression levels of BCL-6 mRNA in BMMNC of three groups were (1.407 ± 0.264), (1.149 ± 0.217) and (0.846 ± 0.157), respectively. The differences between 3 groups were significant(P < 0.05). It is concluded that the quantity and function of Tfh cells in ITP patients increase, which may play an important role in the pathogenesis of ITP.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Bone Marrow , Allergy and Immunology , Bone Marrow Cells , Cell Biology , Case-Control Studies , Child , Female , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Lymphocyte Count , Male , Middle Aged , T-Lymphocytes, Helper-Inducer , Cell Biology , Allergy and Immunology , Thrombocytopenia , Allergy and Immunology , Young Adult
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-294422

ABSTRACT

Nowadays, the simple combination of Western medicine (WM) and complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) cannot resolve all the health problems and various requirements. This article proposed the general integral medicine (GIM) theoretical model, which declares the disease causes analysis, clinical intervention and outcomes assessment should be recognized, managed and evaluated both from physiological, psychological, and spiritual status, and all the four dimensions: orthodox medicine (WM, Chinese medicine, etc.), individual inherent characteristics (emotion, attitude, psychology, etc.), cultural influences (doctors, caregivers, groups care, etc.), and natural environment and social systems (economic status, social security system, environmental pollution, etc). As for health outcomes assessment, a more comprehensive system including biological, doctors, patients, health intimate, social and environmental evaluations were required. The GIM model has individualized, dynamic, standardized, objective, systematic inherent characteristics, and opening and compatible external characteristics. It aims to provide the new theoretical guidance and strategic development direction for complex health interventions, and solve various medical related psychological and social problems.


Subject(s)
Complementary Therapies , Health , Humans , Integrative Medicine , Models, Theoretical
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-349711

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to investigate the expression of microRNA-21 and its correlation with PTEN in diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) paraffin-embedded tissues, and evaluate its potential relevance with clinical characteristics. The expression levels of miR-21 in 26 primary DLBCL and 10 normal lymph node tissue specimens were examined by real-time polymerase chain reaction. The expression of PTEN was detected by immunohistochemical staining. The results indicated that the expression of miR-21 was significantly higher in tumor tissues [6.586(1.10,38.22)] than that in normal tissues [0.791 (0.35,2.87)] (P < 0.05). Among 26 patients with DLBCL the expression of PTEN protein was positive in 6 patients (23%), and was negative in 20 patients (77%). In patients with DLBCL, the expression level of miR-21 was negatively correlated with the level of PTEN protein. The high expression of miR-21 was positively correlated with the level of serum LDH. The expression level of miR-21 in patients with Ann Arbor III-IV stage was obviously higher than that of patients with Ann Arbor I-II stage, but did not correlate with the subtype of patients in clinic (P > 0.05). It is concluded that the expression of miR-21 is high in DLBCL and its overexpression may be related with poor prognosis of DLCBL. These findings suggest that PTEN is possibly one of the targets of miR-21 in DLBCL.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse , Metabolism , Pathology , Male , MicroRNAs , Metabolism , Middle Aged , PTEN Phosphohydrolase , Metabolism , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-820133

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the seroepidemiology and genetic characterization of hepatitis E virus (HEV) in western Yunnan Province.@*METHODS@#Questionnaire survey was conducted among 1638 residents in western Yunnan Province using stratified sampling method. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to detect serum anti-HEV IgG and IgM. HEV RNA was extracted from patients with serum anti-HEV IgM positive. The open reading flame 2 (ORF2) of HEV that was amplified by nested RT-PCR was sequenced and compared with standard HEV genotypes 1-4.@*RESULTS@#Serum anti-HEV positive was found in 13.92% (228/1638) residents. The HEV infection rate in males was significantly higher than that in females with a ratio of 1.47 (P<0.01). 20-30 and 30-40 years old young men showed the highest incidence, 20.57% and 20.78%, respectively. While 10-20 and 20-30 years old young women exhibited the highest infection rate, 11.85% and 15.60%, respectively. According to occupation, the highest HEV infection rate was observed in farmers (20.35%) and migrants (16.50%). We isolated 10 individual HEV isolates from 31 patients with serum anti-HEV IgM positive. Homology analysis and phylogenetic analysis indicated that these 10 HEV isolates belonged to HEV genotype 4 with the homology of 78.65%-94.71%.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The HEV infection rate is high in western Yunnan Province. HEV genotype 4 is the leading cause of HEV infection and young farmers and migrants are the main infected population.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-332737

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to investigate the expression level and mechanism of microRNA-223 and LMO2 in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) cells and the mechanism. MicroRNA-223 mimics was transfected to increase the expression of MicroRNA-223 in the lymphocytes sorted by ficoll separation from the bone marrow mononuclear cells (BMMNC) of ALL and CLL patients. MicroRNA-223 inhibitor was transfected to decrease the expression of the MicroRNA-223 in the lymphocytes of normal controls. Then the expression of the MicroRNA-223 and LMO2 in transfected lymphocytes before and after cultivating for 72 hours were detected by RT-PCR, the apoptosis and cell cycle of these cells were measured by flow cytometery. The results indicated that before the transfection, the expression of MicroRNA-223 in ALL and CLL cells was (433.11 ± 144.88), which was significantly lower than that in the normal lymphocyte (949.59 ± 267.39); the expression of LMO2 was (807.10 ± 238.41), which was significantly higher than that in the normal lymphocytes (455.32 ± 176.83) (P < 0.05); after the transfection, the expression of MicroRNA-223 was (571.86 ± 142.00) in ALL and CLL cells, which was significantly higher than that before transfection (P < 0.05), but the expression of LMO2 was significantly lower than that before transfection (651.97 ± 230.12) (P < 0.05); in the normal control the expression of MicroRNA-223 obviously decreased (646.32 ± 172.93) (P < 0.05), the expression of LMO2 was significantly increased (541.27 ± 158.86.2) (P < 0.05). After transfection, the cell cycle G1/G2 phase and apoptosis changed in ALL and CLL cells. Before transfection the cell ratio in cell cycle G1/G2 phase was (94.75 ± 3.15)%, the cell ratio in S phase was (5.14 ± 3.12)%; after transfection the cell ratio in cell cycle G1/G2 phase was (97.03 ± 2.08)% and obviously increased (P < 0.05), the cell ratio in S phase was (2.97 ± 2.08)% and significantly decreased (P < 0.05). Before transfection the apoptosis rate was (54.47 ± 8.72)%, and obviously was higher than that after transfection (60.48 ± 8.81)%. And in the normal control, the cell ratio in G1/G2 phase was significantly higher than that after transfection [(96.73 ± 2.26)%, (94.55 ± 2.77)%, P < 0.05)], and the cell ratio in S phase was significantly increased [(3.25 ± 2.26)%, (5.45 ± 2.77)% (P < 0.05)]. The apoptotic rate in the ALL and CLL patients was significantly higher than that after the transfection [(54.47 ± 8.72)% vs (60.48 ± 8.81)%, respectively (P < 0.05)]. The apoptotic rate in the normal control was significantly lower than that after the transfection [(59.02 ± 10.20)%, (51.96 ± 10.20)%, respectively (P < 0.05)]. It is concluded that the expression of MicroRNA-223 decreases, and the expression of LMO2 increases in lymphocytic leukemia cells which leads to the lymphocytes over-proliferation and abnormal apoptosis, thus may be one of pathogenesis in lymphocytic leukemia.


Subject(s)
Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing , Genetics , Metabolism , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Apoptosis , Case-Control Studies , Cell Cycle , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Female , Humans , LIM Domain Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell , Genetics , Metabolism , Male , MicroRNAs , Genetics , Metabolism , Middle Aged , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Genetics , Metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Transfection , Young Adult
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-347136

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>The reporting of patient-reported outcomes (PRO) instrument development is vital for both researchers and clinicians to determine its validity, thus, we propose the Preferred Reporting Items for PRO Instrument Development (PRIPROID) to improve the quality of reports.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Abiding by the guidance published by the Enhancing the QUAlity and Transparency Of health Research (EQUATOR) Network, we had performed 6 steps for items development: identified the need for a guideline, performed a literature review, obtained funding for the guideline initiative, identified participants, conducted a Delphi exercise and generated a list of PRIPROID items for consideration at the face-to-face meeting.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Twenty three items subheadings under 7 topics were included: title and structured abstract, rationale, objectives, intention, eligibility criteria, conceptual framework, items generation, response options, scoring, times, administrative modes, burden assessment, properties assessment, statistical methods, participants, main results, and additional analysis, summary of evidence, limitations, clinical attentions, and conclusions, item pools or final form, and funding.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The PRIPROID contains many elements of the PRO research, and this assists researchers to report their results more accurately and to a certain degree use this instrument to evaluate the quality of the research methods.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Research Report , Research Support as Topic , Treatment Outcome
11.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 606-609, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-272157

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the quantity and function of bone marrow (BM) T follicular helper (Tfh) cells of the cytopenia patients with positive bone marrow mononuclear cells (BMMNC)- Coombs test (also known as immuno-related pancytopenia, IRP), and explore the role of Tfh cells in the pathogenesis of IRP.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Forty- three untreated IRP patients, 47 recovered IRP patients and 25 healthy donors were enrolled in this study. The percentages of Tfh cells, Tfh-related molecules ICOS, CD40L, IL-21 and Bcl-6 in BM were investigated by flow cytometry and semiquantitive RT-PCR.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The ratio of CD4⁺CXCR5⁺/CD4⁺ cells of untreated IRP patients [(28.79 ± 19.70)%] was significantly higher than that of recovered IRP patients [(21.15 ± 12.81)% ] and normal controls ([ 13.42 ± 6.72)% ](P<0.05). The ratio of CD4⁺CXCR5⁺ICOS⁺/CD4⁺CXCR5⁺ cells of untreated IRP patients [(5.05 ± 4.71)% ] was significantly higher than that of recovered IRP patients [(2.96 ± 2.89)% ] and normal controls [(2.99 ± 2.23)% ] (P<0.05). The ratio of CD4⁺CXCR5⁺CD40L⁺/CD4⁺CXCR5⁺ cells of untreated IRP patients [(5.87 ± 4.14)%] and recovered IRP patients [(6.52±5.47)%] were significantly higher than that of normal controls [(2.93 ± 2.92)%] (P<0.05). The ratio of intracytoplasmic CD4⁺CXCR5⁺IL-21⁺/CD4⁺CXCR5⁺ cells of untreated IRP patients [(8.20 ± 7.41)% ] and recovered IRP patients [(6.30 ± 6.03)% ] were significantly higher than that of normal controls [(3.43 ± 3.40)%] (P<0.05). The relative expressions of Bcl-6 mRNA in BMMNC were 0.625 ± 0.248, 0.485 ± 0.253, 0.306 ± 0.210 in three groups, respectively. The differences between untreated IRP patients, recovered IRP patients and normal controls were significant (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>There exists increased quantity and hyperfunction of Tfh cells in the IRP patients, they may play important role in the pathogenesis of IRP. Tfh cells and their related effector molecules could be a potential therapeutic target for the disease.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Case-Control Studies , Child , Child, Preschool , Coombs Test , Female , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Interleukins , Metabolism , Lymphocyte Count , Male , Middle Aged , Pancytopenia , Blood , Diagnosis , T-Lymphocytes, Helper-Inducer , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Young Adult
12.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 430-434, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-235432

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the mechanisms underlying bone marrow damage by iron overload in pancytopenic patients with positive BMMNC-Coombs test (IRP).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twenty-one iron overloading, 26 non-iron overloading IRP patients and 10 normal controls were enrolled in this study. The expressions of ROS, Bcl-2, Caspase-3 and apoptosis of BMMNC were analyzed by flow cytometry (FCM). Antioxidants were added to iron overloading IRP BMMNC, and then the changes of indices above were detected by FCM. The number and apoptosis of T lymphocytes of IRP patients were also detected.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>ROS and apoptosis of BMMNC, myelocytes, erythrocytes and stem cells of iron overloading IRP patients were significantly higher than that of non-iron overloading IRP ones and normal controls (P < 0.05). The expressions of Bcl-2 on BMMNC, erythrocytes and stem cells of iron overloading IRP patients were significantly lower than those of non-iron overloading IRP ones (P < 0.05). The levels of Caspase-3 on myelocytes, erythrocytes and stem cells of iron overloading IRP patients were significantly higher than those of non-iron overloading IRP ones and normal controls (P < 0.05). After treatment with antioxidants, the expressions of ROS, Caspase-3 and apoptosis of iron overloading IRP BMMNC significantly decreased, but opposite for Bcl-2. The percentages of CD4(+) lymphocytes [ ( 40.86 ± 8.74)%] and CD4(+)/CD8(+) (1.44 ± 0.36) in PB of iron overloading IRP patients were significantly higher than that of non-iron overloading IRP ones [(35.96 ± 7.03)% and 1.14 ± 0.37] and normal controls [(28.00 ± 6.73)% and 0.79 ± 0.21], respectively (P < 0.05), as opposite for CD8(+) lymphocytes (P < 0.05). The apoptosis of CD8(+) lymphocytes [(27.35 ± 10.76)%] and the ratio of CD8(+) apoptosis/CD4(+) apoptosis (2.51 ± 0.81) in BM of iron overloading IRP patients were significantly higher than those of non-iron overloading IRP ones [(15.47 ± 8.99)%] and normal controls (1.39 ± 0.47), respectively (P < 0.05). The apoptosis of erythrocytes and stem cells coated with auto-antibodies in BM of iron overloading IRP patients were significantly higher than those of non-iron overloading IRP and normal controls.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Mechanisms underlying bone marrow damage by iron overload might be through the follows: ①The increased ROS induced by excessive iron deposition affected the expressions of Caspase-3 and Bcl-2, which caused more BMMNC apoptosis; ②The abnormal number and ratio of T lymphocytes caused by iron overload aggravated the abnormality of immunity of IRP; ③Iron overload may increase the damage to erythrocytes and stem cells coated with auto-antibodies.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Bone Marrow , Pathology , Case-Control Studies , Caspase 3 , Metabolism , Coombs Test , Female , Humans , Iron Overload , Male , Middle Aged , Pancytopenia , Allergy and Immunology , Pathology , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 , Metabolism , Reactive Oxygen Species , Metabolism , Young Adult
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-238654

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To prepare a new Wubei fast-release tablet and study the pharmacokinetics and bioequivalence of self-prepared Wubei fast-release tablet and Wubei powder in Beagle dogs.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Wubei fast-release tablet was prepared with direct powder compression. Six Beagle dogs were randomly devided into two groups. They were orally administered with Wubei fast-release tablet and Wubei powder, respectively. Peimine concentrations in human plasma were determined by HPLC-MS/MS after administration. The pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated by DAS 2.0 using a non-compartmental analysis. The bioequivalence of fast-release tablet and powder was evaluated.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The main pharmacokinetic parameters of peimine in Wubei fast-release tablet as follows: Cmax (7.4 +/- 2.3) microg x L(-1), AUC(0-t) (59.13 +/- 15.25) microg x L(-1) x h(-1), Tmax (1.5 +/- 0.0) h. The main pharmacokinetic parameters of peimine in Wubei powder as follows: Cmax (8.0 +/- 1.7) microg x L(-1), AUC(0-t) (68.78 +/- 16.27) microg x L(-1) x h(-1), Tmax (1.5 +/- 0.0) h. The 90% confidence interval of InAUC(0-t), and lnCmax of peimine in Wubei fast-release tablet were 95.4% - 104.6%, 90.9% - 109.1% of corresponding parameters of Wubei powder, respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The self-prepared Wubei fast-release tablet and Wubei powder were bioequivalent. And the self-prepared Wubei fast-release tablet had simple production process, easy administration.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Drug Delivery Systems , Drug Stability , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Metabolism , Pharmacokinetics , Female , Humans , Sodium Bicarbonate , Chemistry , Tablets , Therapeutic Equivalency
14.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 865-868, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-323471

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the function of dendritic cells (DC) of patients with immune related pancytopenia (IRP) and explore the role of DC in IRP.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The expression of CD80 and CD86 on myeloid DC (mDC, Lin-HLA-DR(+) CD11c(+) cells) and plasmacytoid DC (pDC, Lin-HLA-DR(+) CD123(+) cells) of 65 IRP (37 untreated and 28 remitted) patients and 17 healthy controls were analyzed by flow cytometry.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The expression of CD86 on pDC was (82.47 ± 13.17)% in untreated group and (60.08 ± 14.29)% in remission group, which were significantly higher than that of controls (47.95 ± 18.59)% (P < 0.05), while the expression in untreated group was higher than that of remission group (P < 0.05). The expression of CD80 on pDC was (6.31 ± 4.49)% in untreated group, which was significantly higher than that of remitted patients (3.09 ± 2.93)% and controls (2.33 ± 2.25)% (P < 0.05). The expression of CD86 on mDC was (97.06 ± 4.82)% in untreated group and (91.35 ± 12.20)% in control group, while the expression in untreated group was higher than that of control group (P < 0.05). The expression of CD80 on mDC was (6.20 ± 5.44)% in untreated group and (3.97 ± 3.24)% in remission group, which were significantly higher than that of controls (1.86 ± 1.73)% (P < 0.05). The expression of CD86 on pDC was negatively correlated to Th1/Th2 (r = -0.733, P < 0.05), it was positively correlated to the antibody on membrane of BMMNC (r = 0.283, P < 0.05) and the quantity of CD5(+)B cells (r = 0.436, P < 0.05), while it was negatively correlated to the level of hemoglobin, platelets and white blood cells (r = -0.539, P < 0.05; r = -0.519, P < 0.05; r = -0.567, P < 0.05, respectively). The expression of CD80 on pDC was negatively correlated to the level of hemoglobin and platelets (r = -0.431, P < 0.05; r = -0.464, P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The function of pDC in PB of IRP were strengthened, which was relevant to the immunopathogenesis of IRP.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Autoimmune Diseases , B7-1 Antigen , Metabolism , B7-2 Antigen , Metabolism , Case-Control Studies , Child , Child, Preschool , Dendritic Cells , Metabolism , Female , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pancytopenia , Blood , Pathology , Young Adult
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-330969

ABSTRACT

This study was purposed to investigate the expressions of miR-21, miR-155 and miR-210 in plasma of patients with lymphoma, and explore their role played in diagnosis, evaluation of chemotherapy effect and prognosis of lymphoma. The expressions of miR-21, miR-155 and miR-210 were assayed by RT-PCR in plasma of 54 cases of lymphoma, 10 cases of lymphonode inflammation and 27 cases of normal controls. The results indicated that the expressions of miR-21, miR-155 and miR-210 in plasma of lymphoma patients were higher than those of control group and lymphonode inflammation group (P < 0.05). The expressions of miR-21 and miR-210 in plasma of control group and lymphonode inflammation group had no significant differences (P > 0.05). The expression of miR-21 in plasma of lymphoma patient group significantly correlated with their serum LDH level. The expressions of miR-21 and miR-210 in plasma of previously untreated lymphoma patient group were higher than those of the patients treated for 6 or more courses (P < 0.05). The diagnostic accuracy of miR-21, miR-155 and miR-210 used for lymphoma patients was 56, 65, 48 respectively, and reached to 83 when combined three of them. It is concluded that the expressions of miR-21, miR-155 and miR-210 in plasma of lymphoma patients were significantly higher. Detection of these 3 miRNA in plasma of patients can contribute to the clinical diagnosis, treatment and prognosis evaluation of lymphoma.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Case-Control Studies , Female , Humans , Lymphoma , Blood , Diagnosis , Male , MicroRNAs , Blood , Middle Aged , Plasma , Metabolism , Prognosis , Young Adult
16.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 207-210, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-359529

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the changes of surface antigen and function of rituximab on dendritic cells derived from patients with Primary immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) to further understand the effective mechanism of immunotherapy.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were isolated from remission patients with ITP before and after low-dose rituximab infusion, and the PMNCs were stimulated for 5 days by rhGM-CSF and rhlL-4 in 5% CO2 air at 37°C incubator. Then all of DCs were cultured with TNF-α for 48 hours. The morphology of DCs was monitored under inverted microscope daily, and the surface antigens of the DCs were analysed by flow cytometry, meanwhile the levels of IL-12p70 and TGF-β1 in supernatants were detected by ELISA, mix lymphocyte reaction was performed by MTT assay.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) Rituximab-treated-DCs showed no obvious tree-like protruding compared with untreated-DCs. The former cells were small and most of nucleus were centric. (2) The expressions of HLA-DR, CD80, CD83 and CD86 on rituximab-treated-DCs \[56.37 ± 3.95)%, (36.41 ± 2.82)%, (30.45 ± 4.61)% and (41.98 ± 4.17)%, respectively\] were significantly lower than those untreated-DCs \[(73.71 ± 7.61)%, (55.14 ± 7.30)%, (80.91 ± 7.09)% and (59.03 ± 3.43)%, respectively\](all P < 0.05), the concentration of IL-12p70 was significantly lower, \[(66.87 ± 4.29)% vs (50.17 ± 14.52)%\], while that of TGF-β1 \[(9.70 ± 0.31)%\] higher than the untreated-DCs \[(2.70 ± 0.36)%\] (P < 0.05). (3) The abilities to activate T cells proliferation of rituximab-treated-DCs reduced compared with untreated-DCs.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The surface antigen of ITP-DCs and the concentration of IL-12p70 reduced after the low-dose rituximab infusion. The abilities to activate T cells proliferation reduced while the concentration of TGF-β1 increased. Rituximab may achieve its therapeutic effect on ITP by downregulating the immunoreactivity of DCs.</p>


Subject(s)
Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived , Therapeutic Uses , Cell Proliferation , Cells, Cultured , Dendritic Cells , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Bodily Secretions , Female , Humans , Interleukin-12 , Metabolism , Lymphocyte Activation , Male , Rituximab , T-Lymphocytes , Allergy and Immunology , Thrombocytopenia , Drug Therapy , Allergy and Immunology , Metabolism , Transforming Growth Factor beta1 , Metabolism
17.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 274-277, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-359508

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the expression of Notch1 on the membrane of bone marrow CD38(+)CD138(+) plasma cells in the patients with multiple myeloma (MM), and explore the importance of Notch signaling pathway in the formation and progression of MM.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty three MM patients and 15 healthy controls were enrolled in this study. The expression of Notch1 on the membrane of bone marrow CD38(+)CD138(+) and CD38(+)CD138(-) plasma cells were analyzed by flow cytometry. The clinical data of MM patients were also analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The ratio of Notch1 on the membrane of CD38(+)CD138(+) plasma cells of MM patients was (60.21 ± 25.06)% which was significantly higher than those of CD38(+)CD138(-) plasma cells of MM patients (39.84 ± 18.94)% (P = 0.000) and controls (38.34 ± 19.39)% (P = 0.004). There was no statistical difference between the two latter groups (P > 0.05). The expression of Notch1 on CD38(+)CD138(+)plasma cells from 24 newly diagnosed MM patients was correlated to the level of malignant plasma cells in there bone marrow (r = 0.914, P = 0.000), serum level of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) (r = 0.754, P = 0.007), and β(2)-MG(r = 0.716, P = 0.013). The ratio of Notch1 on the membrane of CD38(+)CD138(+) plasma cells of MM patients who had renal dysfunction was correlated to their abnormal serum creatinine levels. The expression of Notch1 on CD38(+)CD138(+) plasma cells from 17 MM patients who received VD (bortezamib and dexamethasone) chemotherapy was correlated to the ratio of plasma cell reduction after the first VD chemotherapy (r = 0.842, P = 0.000).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The expression of Notch1 on the membrane of CD38(+)CD138(+) plasma cells of MM patients was significantly higher than those of CD38(+)CD138(-) plasma cells of MM patients and controls. Notch1 overexpressed plasma cells were sensitive to the early VD therapy, and correlated to the progression and long term outcome of MM.</p>


Subject(s)
ADP-ribosyl Cyclase 1 , Allergy and Immunology , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Bone Marrow , Metabolism , Case-Control Studies , Cell Count , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Multiple Myeloma , Allergy and Immunology , Metabolism , Plasma Cells , Allergy and Immunology , Metabolism , Prognosis , Receptor, Notch1 , Metabolism , Syndecan-1 , Allergy and Immunology
18.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 480-483, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-359452

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the expressions of STAT5 phosphorylation in CD34(+)CD38(-)CD123(+) bone marrow cells of the patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), and then evaluate the level of activation of STAT5 associated with cell proliferation in MDS clone cells.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The bone marrow mononuclear cells (BMMNC) were extracted from 36 MDS patients and 14 normal controls. The mean fluorescence intensities (MFI) of phosphorylated STAT5(P-STAT5) in CD34(+)CD38(-)CD123(+) and CD34(+)CD38(-)CD123(-)cells, with or without the stimulation of 10 U/ml EPO, were examined by flow cytometry (FCM).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Without stimulation, the P-STAT5 MFI in CD34(+)CD38(-)CD123(+) cells of low/high risk MDS patients was 113.71 ± 67.22/173.05 ± 102.78, which was significantly higher than that of CD34(+)CD38(-)CD123(-) cells (58.84 ± 27.51/68.99 ± 50.42, P < 0.01, P < 0.05) and the normal controls CD34(+)CD38(-)CD123(-) cells (63.06 ± 21.06, P < 0.05), there was no significant difference between the CD34(+)CD38(-)CD123(-) cells of MDS patients and the normal control CD34(+)CD38(-)CD123(-) cells; With the EPO stimulation, the P-STAT5 MFI in CD34(+)CD38(-)CD123(+) cells of low/high risk MDS patients was 144.04 ± 58.11/239.45 ± 152.05, which was significantly higher than that of CD34(+)CD38(-)CD123(-) cells (68.41 ± 25, 10/64.21 ± 23.43, P < 0.01) and the normal controls CD34(+)CD38(-)CD123(-) cells (75.21 ± 27.02, P < 0.01), there was no significant difference between the CD34(+)CD38(-)CD123(-) cells of MDS patients and the normal control CD34(+)CD38(-)CD123(-) cells; The P-STAT5 MFI in the CD34(+)CD38(-)CD123(+) cells of low/high risk MDS patients with or without EPO stimulation were 21.80/28.86, which was significantly higher than that of CD34(+)CD38(-)CD123(-) cells (7.42/5.50, P < 0.01, P < 0.05) and the normal controls CD34(+)CD38(-)CD123(-) cells (6.39, P < 0.05), there was no significant difference between the CD34(+)CD38(-)CD123(-) cells of MDS patients and the normal controls CD34(+)CD38(-)CD123(-) cells; There was no significant difference of P-STAT5 MFI with or without EPO stimulation and the increased P-STAT5 MFI between the CD34(+)CD38(-)CD123(+) cells of low and high risk MDS.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>STAT5 associated with cell proliferation was activated in CD34(+)CD38(-)CD123(+) bone marrow cells in MDS, which had more significant reactions to EPO than CD34(+)CD38(-)CD123(-) cells, indicating that CD34(+)CD38(-)CD123(+) bone marrow cells might be the real malignant MDS clone cells in MDS.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Antigens, CD34 , Metabolism , Bone Marrow Cells , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Cell Proliferation , Cells, Cultured , Female , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Myelodysplastic Syndromes , Metabolism , Pathology , Phosphorylation , STAT5 Transcription Factor , Metabolism
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-263362

ABSTRACT

This study was purposed to applicate the bone marrow indirect Coombs test and investigate its clinical significancies in diagnosis of immuno-related pancytopenia (IRP). 30 patients with pancytopenia including 22 cases of IRP and 8 cases of idiopathic cytopenia of undetermined significance (ICUS), and 15 patients with iron-deficiency anemia as controls were enrolled in this study. After incubation of the bone marrow supernatant of IRP patients and bone marrow nucleated cell (BMNC) of controls was used as experiment group, while the incubation of BMNC and bone marrow supernatant of controls was used as control group. After incubation for 45 min, the positive rate of membrane antibodies in bone marrow hematopoietic cells (CD15(+), GlyCoA(+) and CD34(+)cells) was detected by flow cytometry, and correlation analysis of positive rate with clinical data of patients were analyzed. The results showed that among 30 patients with pancytopenia (16 positive and 14 negative for bone marrow direct Coombs test) 16 cases showed positive for bone marrow indirect Coombs test, with positive rate 53.33. In the experiment group, the median positive rate of CD15(+)IgM was 0.34, which was significantly higher than that in control group (0.20, P < 0.05); the median positive rates of CD34(+) IgG and IgM were 0.64 and 0.21 respectively, which were significantly higher than those in control group (0.00, P < 0.05) and (0.00, P < 0.05); the positive rates of GlyCoA(+)IgG and IgM were (0.83 ± 0.75) and (2.12 ± 1.98) respectively, which were significantly higher than those in control group [(0.47 ± 0.43), P < 0.05, (0.68 ± 0.64), P < 0.01]; the positive rates of CD15(+) IgG and IgM were positively correlated with the ratio of CD5(+)B cells. The positive rates of GlyCoA(+) IgG and IgM negatively correlated with the Hb level, percentage of reticulocytes, the ratio of bone marrow erythroid lineage and DC1/DC2 positively correlated with the ratio of CD5(+)B cells and indirect bilirubin level. It is concluded that antibodies (IgG or IgM) aiming at the bone marrow hematopoietic cells exist in the supernatant of some IRP and ICUS patients, and may act on the membrane protein of the normal BMNC. These antibodies correlate with the prognosis of IRP.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Bone Marrow Cells , Allergy and Immunology , Child , Coombs Test , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pancytopenia , Diagnosis , Allergy and Immunology , Young Adult
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-263316

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to investigate the quantity and subtypes of dendritic cells (DC) in patients with immune related pancytopenia (IRP) and to explore the role of DC in pathogenesis of IRP. The quantity of plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDC, Lin(-)HLA-DR(+) CD123(+) cells) and myeloid dendritic cells (mDC, Lin(-)HLA-DR(+) CD11c(+)cells) in peripheral blood of 65 patients with IRP (37 new diagnosed and 28 remitted) and 17 healthy controls were analyzed by flow cytometry. The results indicated that the ratio of pDC in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMNC) was (0.91 ± 064)% in new diagnosed group, which was significantly higher than that in remission group (0.39 ± 0.11)% and control group (0.29 ± 0.13)% (P < 0.01), while this ratio of pDC in remission group was higher than that in control group (P < 0.05). The ratio of mDC in PBMNC was (0.21 ± 0.20)% in new diagnosed group and (0.34 ± 0.21)% in remission group respectively, there was no statistical difference as compared with control group (0.29 ± 0.09)% (P > 0.05). The ratio of pDC to mDC in new diagnosed group was 6.75 ± 7.11, which was significantly higher than that in remission group (1.55 ± 0.93) and control group (1.07 ± 0.43, P < 0.01), there was no statistical difference between the ratio of remission group and control group (P > 0.05). The ratio of pDC in PBMNC of IRP group negatively correlated to ratio of Th1/Th2 (r = -0.347, P < 0.05), and positively correlated to the ratio of auto-antibody on membrane of BMMNC (r = 0.606, P < 0.05) and to the quantity of CD5(+)B cells (r = 0.709, P < 0.05), while it negatively correlated to the levels of hemoglobin (r = -0.381, P < 0.01) and platelets (r = -0.343, P < 0.01). The ratio of mDC in PBMNC positively correlated to the ratio of Th1/Th2 (r = 0.595, P < 0.05) and the level of hemoglobin (r = 0.292, P < 0.05). The ratio of pDC/mDC negatively correlated to ratio of Th1/Th2 (r = -0.395, P < 0.05), it positively correlated to the level of antibody on membrane of BMMNC (r = 0.421, P < 0.05) and the quantity of CD5(+)B cells (r = 0.423, P < 0.05), while it negatively correlated to the levels of hemoglobin (r = -0.304, P < 0.05) and platelets (r = -0.287, P < 0.05). It is concluded that the quantity of pDC in peripheral blood of IRP patients increases, which may be related to the immunopathogenesis of IRP.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Blood Cell Count , Case-Control Studies , Child , Child, Preschool , Dendritic Cells , Cell Biology , Allergy and Immunology , Female , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pancytopenia , Blood , Allergy and Immunology , Young Adult
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL