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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879833

ABSTRACT

At present, effective antibiotics and comprehensive symptomatic/supportive treatment as early as possible are mainly used for the treatment of severe pertussis in clinical practice. However, some children with severe pertussis have unsatisfactory response to commonly used drugs and treatment measures in the intensive care unit and thus have a high risk of death. Studies have shown that certain treatment measures given in the early stage, such as exchange transfusion, may help reduce deaths, but there is still a lack of uniform implementation norms. How to determine the treatment regimen for severe pertussis and improve treatment ability remains a difficult issue in clinical practice. This article reviews the advances in the treatment of severe pertussis, in order to provide a reference for clinical treatment and research.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents , Child , Exchange Transfusion, Whole Blood , Humans , Whooping Cough/drug therapy
2.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 251-257, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881017

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the therapeutic effect of moxibustion on sarcomas from mesenchymal tissues, which have a low response rate to chemotherapy and radiotherapy.@*METHODS@#S180 sarcoma cell line was inoculated in C57BL/6 mice to form transplanted tumor. Moxibustion therapy was directly applied at the transplanted tumor sites, at a distance of 3.0 cm, 10 min per session, till skin temperature reached 45 °C, once a day, for 14 consecutive days of intervention. After the mice were killed, serum was collected and used to detect concentrations of interleukin-10 (IL-10), transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1), IL-4 and interferon-γ (IFN-γ) by Luminex liquid suspension chip. The numbers of Treg@*RESULTS@#Weight of S180 transplanted tumor in the control group was (2.03 ± 0.54) g, and that in the moxibustion group was (1.27 ± 0.29) g, which was statistically different (P = 0.023). The mean value of Foxp3@*CONCLUSION@#Moxibustion may have therapeutic effects on sarcomas by reducing the number of Treg cells in the blood and controlling the infiltration of Treg cells in the TME.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826338

ABSTRACT

To establish an improved animal model of sepsis induced by cecal ligation and puncture(CLP). Ninety-six male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into sham operation group(=24),intubation group(=24),CLP group(=24),and CLP+intubation group(=24).The mortality rate,abdominal cavity condition,pathological changes and pathological scores of heart,lungs,liver,and kidneys of rats in each group were observed after modeling.Blood samples were obtained from the inferior vena cava for measuring the whole blood cells(WBC)and platelets(PLT)counts and analyzing serum interleukin(IL)-6,tumor necrosis factor(TNF)-α,serum troponin T(cTnT),creatine kinase-MB(CK-MB),alanine aminotransferase(ALT),aspartate aminotransferase(AST),total bilirubin(TBIL),creatinine(CREA),and blood urea nitrogen(BUN)levels.Blood gas analysis of the aorta was also performed. The mortality rates 24 h after modeling were 0 in sham operation group and intubation group,20.8% in CLP group,and 54.2% in CLP+intubation group.Pathologically,swelling and inflammatory cell infiltration in the heart,lungs,liver,and kidneys were seen in the CLP+intubation group,inflammatory cell infiltration in a single organ was seen in most rats in the CLP group,and no obvious swelling and infiltration of inflammatory cells was observed in the sham-operation group and intubation group.The myocardial histopathology score,lung tissue injury pathology score,and kidney tissue injury pathology score in both the sham-operation group and the intubation group were significantly lower than those in the CLP group and the CLP+intubation group(all =0.000).TNF-α,PaO,CK-MB,cTnT,AST,TBIL,BUN,and CREA were significantly different between sham-operation group and intubation group/CLP group/CLP+intubation group and between intubation group and CLP group/CLP+intubation group(all =0.000).The pH level was significantly different between sham operation group and intubation group/CLP group,between intubation group and CLP group/CLP+intubate group(all =0.000). Although both CLP and CLP+intubation can well mimic the pathophysiological mechanism of sepsis in rats,multiple organ dysfunction occurs in the latter.Thus,CLP+intubation can establish animal models of multiple organ dysfunction caused by sepsis induced by clinically effective abdominal infection.


Subject(s)
Animals , Aspartate Aminotransferases , Disease Models, Animal , Ligation , Male , Punctures , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Sepsis , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817911

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To summarize the clinical characteristics of children with pertussis and investigate the distribution of virulence-related genotypes and antimicrobial susceptibility among the Bordetella pertussis isolates. METHODS: The clinical information of 224 culture-positive pertussis cases in Beijing Children's Hospital,Capital Medical University from 2015 to 2016 was collected. Antimicrobial susceptibility was determined by E-test and Kirby-Bauer(KB)disk diffusion methods. A fragment of the 23 S rDNA genes was detected for drug-resistance mutation and antigen genotypes.RESULTS: The 224 culture-positive pertussis cases were from 14 provinces or municipalities. Among the 224 subjects,150 patients(67.0%)were younger than 6 months old and 176 patients(78.6%)were unvaccinated or not fully vaccinated individuals. The commonest virulence-associated genotype was ptx A1/ptx C1/ptx P1/prn1/fim2-1/fim3-1/tcfA2,with frequencies of 90.6%(203/224). All erythromycin-resistant strains were determined A2047 G mutation in 23 S r DNA sequences,and the strains were the ptx P1 genotype(203/224). Eighteen ptx P3 strains were identified in the present study and all ptx P3 strains were sensitive to erythromycin. All isolates were determined low MIC against sulphamethoxazole/trimethoprim(0.004-0.500 mg/L). CONCLUSION: The culture-positive pertussis cases are mostly infants and young children unvaccinated or not-fully vaccinated. The isolates genotyped as ptx A1/ptx C1/ptx P1/prn1/fim2-1/fim3-1/tcfA2 are widespread,which are highly resistant to erythromycin. The high-virulent strains harboring ptxP3 are rare,and are sensitive to erythromycin. Sulphamethoxazole/trimethoprim is effective to treat pertussis caused by erythromycin-resistant isolates.

5.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2206-2212, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802929

ABSTRACT

Background@#Whether the time course of post-stroke depression (PSD) can be used to predict the quality of life (QoL) of patients with late-stage stroke remains unclear, this study investigated whether persistent depression at 1 year after stroke predicts QoL at 5 years following stroke.@*Methods@#We analyzed the demographic and clinical data of patients with stroke in 56 hospitals across China that participated in the Prospective Cohort Study on the Incidence and Outcome of Patients with PSD in China Study. Follow-up assessments were performed at the following time points after stroke: in person, 2 weeks, 3 months, 6 months, and 1 year; by telephone, 5 years. National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score on admission, recurrence, disability, depression, QoL, and chronic complications were recorded. Depression was diagnosed using the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. QoL was measured using short form-12 (SF-12). Multivariable ordinal logistic regression analysis was used to identify factors that independently affected the physical component summary (PCS) and mental component summary (MCS) scores of the SF-12.@*Results@#Of the 801 patients evaluated in this study, 80 had persistent depression. The multivariable regression analysis of data obtained at 5 years showed that persistent depression at 1 year (odds ratio [OR]: 0.48; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.29–0.81) and disability at 5 years (OR: 0.34; 95% CI: 0.23–0.49) were associated with poor MCS scores at 5 years. Old age, a high NIHSS score on admission, disability at 5 years, and stroke recurrence within 5 years were associated with poor PCS scores at the 5-year follow-up.@*Conclusions@#Persistent depression at the 1-year follow-up could predict poor MCS scores at the 5-year follow-up. The development of interventional strategies targeting post-stroke patients with persistent depression is warranted.

6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2206-2212, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774657

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Whether the time course of post-stroke depression (PSD) can be used to predict the quality of life (QoL) of patients with late-stage stroke remains unclear, this study investigated whether persistent depression at 1 year after stroke predicts QoL at 5 years following stroke.@*METHODS@#We analyzed the demographic and clinical data of patients with stroke in 56 hospitals across China that participated in the Prospective Cohort Study on the Incidence and Outcome of Patients with PSD in China Study. Follow-up assessments were performed at the following time points after stroke: in person, 2 weeks, 3 months, 6 months, and 1 year; by telephone, 5 years. National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score on admission, recurrence, disability, depression, QoL, and chronic complications were recorded. Depression was diagnosed using the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. QoL was measured using short form-12 (SF-12). Multivariable ordinal logistic regression analysis was used to identify factors that independently affected the physical component summary (PCS) and mental component summary (MCS) scores of the SF-12.@*RESULTS@#Of the 801 patients evaluated in this study, 80 had persistent depression. The multivariable regression analysis of data obtained at 5 years showed that persistent depression at 1 year (odds ratio [OR]: 0.48; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.29-0.81) and disability at 5 years (OR: 0.34; 95% CI: 0.23-0.49) were associated with poor MCS scores at 5 years. Old age, a high NIHSS score on admission, disability at 5 years, and stroke recurrence within 5 years were associated with poor PCS scores at the 5-year follow-up.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Persistent depression at the 1-year follow-up could predict poor MCS scores at the 5-year follow-up. The development of interventional strategies targeting post-stroke patients with persistent depression is warranted.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774099

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the alternative antimicrobial drugs for the treatment of neonatal pertussis and the antigen genotypes of Bordetella pertussis (B. pertussis) strains.@*METHODS@#A total of 32 B. pertussis strains isolated from neonates between May 2013 and July 2018 were used in this study. E-test stripes were used to measure the minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) of 18 antimicrobial drugs including erythromycin, sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim (SMZ) and ampicillin. The 23S rRNA gene of isolated strains was amplified and sequenced to identify the mutation site of erythromycin resistance gene, and the seven antigen genotypes of B. pertussis strains (ptxA, ptxC, ptxP, prn, fim2, fim3 and tcfA2) were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Of the 32 B. pertussis strains, 25 (78%) were resistant to erythromycin, azithromycin, clarithromycin and clindamycin, with an MIC of >256 mg/L, and A2047G mutation was observed in the 23S rRNA gene. All strains had an MIC of ≤0.064 mg/L for SMZ. The MIC of ampicillin, amoxicillin, amoxicillin-clavulanic acid and ceftriaxone ranged from 0.032 to 1 mg/L. The strains resistant to macrolide antibiotics had an antigen genotype of ptxA1/ptxC1/ptxP1/prn1/fim2-1/fim3-1/tcfA2.@*CONCLUSIONS@#B. pertussis strains from neonates are often resistant to macrolides, and the in vitro test shows that off-label use of sulfonamides is a reliable regimen for the treatment of neonates with macrolide-resistant pertussis. The prevalence of drug-resistant strains further emphasizes the importance of immunoprophylaxis.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents , Bordetella pertussis , Genetics , Erythromycin , Genotype , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Whooping Cough
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698360

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: It is of vital importance to fabricate an interface on the titanium implant surface which can promote early cell adhesion, proliferation, and differentiation, and exert better antibacterial effects with no cytotoxicity. OBJECTIVE: To prepare a TiN/Ag composite coating on the surface of pure titanium implant, and to explore its antibacterial properties and effects on MC3T3-E1 biobehaviors. METHODS: Acid etching blasting and multi-arc ion plating were adopted to prepare TiN/Ag composite coating on the smooth surface of pure titanium. Then, MC3T3-E1 cells that grew well were inoculated onto pure titanium plate, sandblasted and acid-etched titanium plate, and TiN/Ag-coated titanium plate. Twenty-four hours later, cell adhesion and viability were observed under confocal laser scanning microscope, and cell morphology was observed under scanning electron microscope. Cell counting kit-8 was used to detect cell proliferation and cytotoxicity at 24,48,72 hours after inoculation.In addition,Staphylococus aureus solution was dropped onto the smooth titanium plated, acid-etched and sandblasted titanium and TiN/Ag-coated titanium plate, and the growth of bacteria was observed by the laser confocal scanning microscope at 16 hours. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Under the confocal laser scanning microscope, spindle cells with bipolar or three poles were observed on the smooth titanium surface, and there was less F-actin and filopodia expression; cells on the TiN/Ag-coated titanium surface and sandblasted and acid-etched titanium surface were scattered with a large amount of interconnected filopodia that were fully stretched and adhered to the titanium surface, highly expressed F-actin was detected, and actin fibers were thickened. Under the scanning electron microscope, the cells on the smooth titanium surface were not fully adhered and stretched, and those on the TiN/Ag-coated titanium surface or the sandblasted and acid-etched titanium surface exhibited better adhesion and extension. Findings from the cell counting kit-8 showed that after 72 hours of inoculation,the cells on the smooth titanium surface grew well,with cytotoxicity level 1.In addition,Staphylococus aureus grew well on the smooth titanium surface under the confocal laser scanning microscope,while a large amount of Staphylococus aureus died on the TiN/Ag-coated titanium surface or on the sandblasted and acid-etched titanium surface. These findings indicated that TiN/Ag coating has good biocompatibility and antibacterial properties.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694079

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the application of high-pitch dual-source CT with prospective ECG gated double scan mode (Double Flash) in postoperative follow-up of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG).Methods Sixty-one patients undergone CABG and received coronary CT angiography (CCTA) from Apr.2012 to Dec.2014 were enrolled in present study.The patients were randomly divided into two groups according to scanning mode:group A (Double Flash mode,30 cases) and group B (retrospective ECG gated spiral mode,31cases).Evaluation parameters included volumetric CT dose index (CTDIvol) and effective radiation dose (ED).All the coronary segments were evaluated with double blind method by two independent observers according to the image quality (IQ) on 4-point scale (1:excellent to 4:non-diagnostic).Results There were 139 coronary artery bypass grafts in 2 groups.Group A had 69 grafts,including 25 artery grafts and 44 venous grafts.Group B had 70 grafts,including 29 grafts and 41 venous grafts.No significant difference was found in IQ.between the two groups for all coronary segments (1.22 ± 0.57 vs.1.21 ± 0.61,P=0.975).ED (4.34 ± 1.88 vs.17.07 ± 2.13mSv,P<0.001) and CTDIvol (5.70 ± 2.36 vs.40.95 ± 3.12mGy,P<0.001) were significantly lower in group A than in group B.Conclusion Double Flash spiral protocol of dual-source CCTA can acquire good image quality with reduced radiation dose during assessment of CABG patency,and might have potential value in the follow-up of CABG patency.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691160

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate clinical effects of lumbar spinal stenosis by endoscopic transforaminal decompression, and to provide a theory basis for selection of surgical candidates.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From June 2014 to January 2016, clinical data of 87 patients with lumbar spinal stenosis were retrospectively analyzed, including 45 males and 42 females, aged from 25 to 81 years old with an average of 55.14 years old; 8 cases on L₃,₄, 61 cases on L₄,₅, 18 cases on L₅S₁. All patients underwent percutaneous edoscopic transforaminal decompression. Clinical symptoms and nerve functions were evaluated by VAS, ODI before operation, 3 and 6 months after operation, MacNab scoring was used to evaluate clinical effects.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Postoperative incision of 87 patients healed well without complications, and obtained more than 6 months follow-up. VAS score before operation, 3 and 6 months after operation respectively were 63.88±8.56, 13.22±8.24, 6.83±9.43 respectively;ODI score before operation, 3 and 6 months after operation were 59.96±12.60, 9.08±10.55, 5.64±6.84 respectively. There was statistical significance in VAS and ODI score compared before operation and 3 and 6 months after operation. According to MacNab scoring, 41 cases obtained excellent results, 30 good, 7 moderate and 9 poor.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Percutenous endoscopic transforaminal decompression for lumbar spinal stenosis could reach good clinical effects if choosing appropriate indications. For patients with yellow ligament hypertrophy or combined with some ossified stenosis, insufficient decompression may result in poor therapeutic effects.</p>

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-337272

ABSTRACT

Experiences of needling techniques of Professor LI Ya- fang is introduced in this article. Gentle and superficial insertion is adopted by Professor LI in clinic. Emphases are put on the qi regulation function, needling sensation to the affected region and insertion with both hands, especially the function of the left hand as pressing hand. The gentle and superficial insertion should be done as the follows: hold the needle with the right hand, press gently along the running course of meridians with the left hand to promote qi circulation, hard pressing should be applied at acupoints to disperse the local qi and blood, insert the needle gently and quickly into the subcutaneous region with the right hand, and stop the insertion when patient has the needling sensation. While the fast needling is characterized with shallow insertion and swift manipulation: the left hand of the manipulator should press first along the running course of the meridian, and fix the local skin, hold the needle with the right hand and insert the needle quickly into the acupoint. Withdrawal of the needle should be done immediately after the reinforcing and reducing manipulations. Professor LI is accomplished in qi regulation. It is held by him that regulating qi circulation is essence of acupuncture, letting the patient get the needling sensation is the most important task of needling. Lifting, thrusting and rotation manipulations should be applied to do reinforcing or reducing. The tissue around the tip of the needle should not be too contracted or too relaxed, and the resistance should not be too strong or too weak. The feeling of the insertion hand of the practitioner should not be too smooth or too hesitant. Needle should be inserted into the skin quickly at the moment of hard pressing by the left hand. And then, slow rotation and gentle lifting and thrusting can be applied to promote the needling sensation like electric current pass through and to reach the affected region along the running course of meridians.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Methods , Adult , Facial Paralysis , Therapeutics , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Middle Aged , Sleep Wake Disorders , Therapeutics
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-819732

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the expression of TRPC6 among prostate cancer cells, establish high expression cell lines of TRPC6, and to provide potential cell mode for prostate cancer oncogenesis and development.@*METHODS@#Occurrence and development of prostate cancer cells, PC3, PC-3 m DU145, 22 rv1, LNCaP and normal prostate epithelial cells in the PrEC TRPC6 expression level were detected by QPCR method. Calcium phosphate transfection method was used to package retrovirus pLEGFP-N1-TRPC6 and pLEGFP-N1-vector and infect the prostate cancer cells, a stable high expression of TRPC6 prostate cancer cells. Sable cell lines of TRPC6, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) 2, MMP9 expression was detected by QPCR and Western blot. Change of cell invasion ability was detected by Transwell.@*RESULTS@#The expression level of prostate cancer cells TRPC6 were higher than control group PrEC cells. Among TPRC6 the expression of cell line PC 3 transfer potential wre the lowest, and high transfer cell line PC-3M express was the highest. Real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR and western blot results showed that after filter, the seventh generation of cell TRPC6 protein and mRNA expression levels were higher than the control group obviously. Transwell experimental results showed that the overexpression of TRPC6 could promote the invasion ability of PC3 prostate cancer cells.@*CONCLUSIONS@#TRPC6 expressed in prostate cancer cells is in disorder, and its action may be associated with the invasion and metastasis of prostate cancer cells; successful establishment of stable high expression of TRPC6 prostate cancer cells primarily confirm the invasion-trigger ability of TRPC6 on prostate cancer, and lay down the Foundation for exploring the TRPC6's role in the occurrence and development of prostate cancer mechanism.


Subject(s)
Cell Line, Tumor , Humans , Male , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2 , Genetics , Metabolism , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 , Genetics , Metabolism , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Genetics , Prostatic Neoplasms , Genetics , Metabolism , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Metabolism , Retroviridae , TRPC Cation Channels , Genetics , Metabolism , TRPC6 Cation Channel
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-312330

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effects of gastric bypass surgery(GBP) on hepatic phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase(PEPCK) mRNA expression in type 2 diabetic Goto-Kakizaki rats.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Male GK rats were randomized into three groups: gastric bypass surgery(n=10), sham operation with diet restriction(n=10), and sham operation alone(n=10). Liver specimens of GK rats were collected during the intraoperative period for self-control study and 8 weeks after surgery. Fasting blood glucose, food intake, and body weight were recorded before surgery and 1, 2, 4, 8 weeks after surgery. The expression of PEPCK mRNA was measured by real-time PCR.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The fasting plasma glucose level decreased from(17.6±2.1) mmol/L before surgery to(7.5±0.9) mmol/L 8 weeks after surgery in GBP group. The level of PEPCK mRNA decreased from 1.08±0.38 before surgery to 0.41±0.10 8 weeks after surgery, significantly lower than that in sham operation alone group(1.04±0.12)(P<0.01). The level of PEPCK mRNA in diet restriction group increased from 1.15±0.16 before surgery to 2.54±0.82 8 weeks after surgery(P<0.01). The expression of PEPCK mRNA in diet restriction was significantly higher than that in CBP group(P<0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>GBP can significantly improve hyperglycemia in type 2 diabetic GK rat models, which may be associated with the decrease of hepatic PEPCK mRNA level.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Blood Glucose , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental , General Surgery , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , General Surgery , Gastric Bypass , Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Liver , Male , Phosphoenolpyruvate Carboxykinase (GTP) , Genetics , Metabolism , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Rats
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-289696

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To identify the underlying mechanisms of the protective effects of Dingxin Recipe (: , DXR), a Chinese compound prescription that has been used clinically in China for more than 20 years, on ischemia/reperfusion (I/R)-induced arrhythmias in rat model.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 30 rats were randomly divided into three groups: sham group, I/R group, and DXR-pretreated I/R (DXR-I/R) group. Rats in the DXR-DXRI/R group were intragastrically administrated with DXR (12.5 g/kg per day) for consecutive 7 days, while rats I/in the sham and I/R groups were administrated with normal saline. Arrhythmias were introduced by I/R and electrocardiograms (ECG) were recorded. Two-dimensional (2-D) polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and matrix-matrix assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) were used to identify assisted differentially expressed proteins. Immunohistochemistry, real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RQ-RQPCR), Western blot, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) were performed to analyze proteins PCR), obtained in the above experiments.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>DXR significantly reduced the incidence and mean duration of ventricular tachycardia and ventricular fibrillation and dramatically decreased the mortality, as well as arrhythmia score, compared with those of the I/R group. Among successfully identified proteins, prohibitin (PHB) and heart fatty acid binding protein (hFABP) were up-regulated in DXR-pretreated I/R rats compared with those of the I/R rats. In addition, compared with the I/R group, the level of glutathione (GSH) was elevated accompanied by reduced expressions of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and neutrophil infiltration in I/R rats with DXR pretreatment.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>DXR could alleviate I/R-induced arrhythmias, which might be related to increased expression of PHB. The enhanced expression of PHB prevented against the depletion of GSH and consequently inhibited apoptosis of cardiomyocytes. Furthermore, up-regulation of PHB might ameliorate I/R-induced cell death and leakage of hFABP by suppressing neutrophil infiltration and IL-6 expressions.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Arrhythmias, Cardiac , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-Dimensional , Fatty Acid Binding Protein 3 , Fatty Acid-Binding Proteins , Metabolism , Glutathione , Metabolism , Heart Ventricles , Metabolism , Pathology , Immunohistochemistry , Inflammation , Metabolism , Pathology , Interleukin-6 , Metabolism , Male , Myocardial Infarction , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Neutrophil Infiltration , Peptide Mapping , Proteomics , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Reperfusion Injury , Repressor Proteins , Metabolism , Spectrometry, Mass, Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption-Ionization , Spectrophotometry , Up-Regulation
15.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 62-65, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-257552

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the feasibility and post-operation stability of extreme lateral transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (E-TLIF) and other traditional surgical approach via bio-mechanical test.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>There were 24 normal lumbar spine segment of swine were divided into the following four groups: control group, standard group (internal fixed with pedicle screws only), transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) group and E-TLIF group. The specimen in anteflect, hypsokinesis, lateral flexion and rotate movements were tested respectively with bio-mechanical devices to study on the load-straining changes and biomechanics index.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After TLIF or E-TLIF, specimen turned out more steady than normal control group (t = 4.17 - 4.53, P < 0.01). Compared with TLIF group [linear displacement (3.98 ± 0.22) mm, angular displacement 3.03° ± 0.18°], specimen after E-TLIF [linear displacement (3.40 ± 0.09) mm, angular displacement 2.57° ± 0.12°] were more stable in biomechanics index on lateral flection movement (t = 2.61, P < 0.05), but no difference on axial or rotational movements (P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>E-TLIF is a safe and more efficient operation approach.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Biomechanical Phenomena , Lumbar Vertebrae , General Surgery , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Spinal Fusion , Methods , Swine
16.
Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences. 2012; 3 (1): 6-14
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-128984

ABSTRACT

Photonics refers to the technology of generating and harnessing light and other forms of radiant energy whose quantum unit is the photon. Photonic technology in the meridian and acupoints research has shown the unique advantages, by which the microcosmic material basis and macroscopic phenomena research can be integrated to interpret the occurrence of propagated sensation along meridian [PSM] and its underlying mechanism. This study seeks to investigate light and heat sensing action along meridian. From the modern research of meridian point of view, PSM is the break point to research the essentiality of meridian. The bio-photonic feature of meridian is the most promising research direction to investigate the PSM phenomena for its contribution to prove the existence of meridian objectively and spontaneously. Therefore, the bio-photonic features of meridian under physiological, pathological, therapeutic, and mechanical conditions were analyzed. Firstly, the four aspects of light sensing action were discussed, i.e. light sensing effect along meridian, blocking effect, laser induced effect and underlying mechanism of light sensing action along meridian. Secondly, the four items of heat sensing action were discussed as well, i.e. thermo-effects, heat perception ability, laser induced heat effect, underlying mechanism on heat sensing effect along meridian. The authors point out that photonic technology, e.g. ultra-weak luminescence, photonic imaging, infrared imaging and infrared spectrum analysis, biological photons detection and laser Doppler application, can achieve purposes of in vivo, dynamic, multiple comparable studies. Thereby, the effect of light and heat sensing along meridian can be detected and illustrated by the use of natural science. The effect of light sensing and heat sensing along meridians with the help of advantages of photonics is expected to interpret and quantify the meridian doctrine, to provide an important experimental basis for meridians and acupoint properties of light and heat, to find a kind of non-invasive diagnostic technique, and to promote the integration and development of meridians and modern medicine. Light and heat information can be investigated to analyze the relationship between zang-fu organs and meridians, and the functional characteristics of the meridian. Hence, the effect of light and heat sensing along meridian is the break point of the research of photonics in meridian, which is beneficial to further study the meridian optics


Subject(s)
Meridians , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Laser Therapy
17.
Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences. 2011; 2 (3): 89-97
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-117574

ABSTRACT

This study seeks to discuss the light wave transport characteristics variation along the pericardium Meridian under different pressures. We selected 36 healthy students at the school for this study, tied up the desktop blood pressure cuff onto subjects'right proximal arms, fixed the detection probe immovably on the Neiguan [PC6] acupoint and the reference point which was 1cm off the PC6, and collected the light signal along the meridian and non-meridian when the laser irradiate Jianshi[PC5], Ximen[PC4] and the corresponding reference points respectively under pressure of 0, 100, 130 and 160. The differences in optical transport properties between meridian and nonmeridian were significant: under the same pressures [0s, 100s,130s, and 160mmHg], the relative attenuation rate of optical signal at the same distance between meridian and non-meridian were significant[p<0.001], the optical signal attenuates slower when it transported along meridians; however, there is no significant difference for the relative attenuation rate of optical signal along meridian or non-meridian under different pressures[p>0.05]. Under four different pressure situations, the optical signal at acupoint[PC5] and non-acupoint[NP] along the meridian were significantly different with the corresponding reference points along the non-meridian[P<0.001]; the optical signal on the meridian is stronger than the non-meridian one; the optical signals are strikingly different at acupoints, non-acupoints, and reference points between and 100, 130, and 160mmHg pressures [P

Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Acupuncture Therapy , Pericardium , Acupuncture Points , Coronary Disease/therapy
18.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2469-2473, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-338525

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A(2) (Lp-PLA(2)) has recently been shown to be positively related to coronary events in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). However, direct evidence about the relationship between circulation Lp-PLA(2) activity and vulnerable plaque in patients with CAD remains lacking.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Plasma Lp-PLA(2) activity was determined in 146 consecutive patients with CAD who underwent clinically-indicated coronary angiography and preinterventional intravascular ultrasound (IVUS).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Eighty-three patients were included in the final analysis after the initial screening. Sixty (72.3%) were acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients and 23 (27.7%) were stable angina pectoris (SAP) patients. Plaque rupture occurred in 39 (47.0%) patients, and 34 (87.2%) were from ACS patients and 5 (12.8%) from SAP patients. There were no significant differences in clinical and angiographic characteristics between patients with plaque rupture and those without plaque rupture, except for smoking, high-sensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) level and Lp-PLA(2) activity (all P < 0.05). IVUS measurement uncovered that patients with plaque rupture had more frequent positive remodeling (74.4% vs. 43.2%, P = 0.004), soft plaques (64.1% vs. 36.4%, P = 0.012) and higher remodeling index (1.13 ± 0.16 vs. 0.99 ± 0.11, P = 0.041) as compared with those without plaque rupture. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that plasma Lp-PLA(2) activity was independently associated with plaque rupture after adjusting for smoking, positive remodeling and soft plaque (Model 1: odds ratio (OR) 1.13, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.06 - 1.20) or adjusting for smoking, hs-CRP level, positive remodeling and soft plaque (Model 2: OR 1.11, 95%CI: 1.04 - 1.19).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Plasma Lp-PLA(2) activity is associated with plaque rupture in patients with CAD, independently of traditional CAD risk factors, hs-CRP level and IVUS parameters. Lp-PLA(2) may be a risk marker for vulnerable plaques.</p>


Subject(s)
1-Alkyl-2-acetylglycerophosphocholine Esterase , Blood , Aged , Coronary Artery Disease , Blood , Diagnostic Imaging , Pathology , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Radiography
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-274422

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of treating degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis by transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion with microendoscopic surgery.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From Jan. 2006 to Jan. 2009, one hundred fifty patients who underwent transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion with microendoscopic surgery were analyzed retrospectively. The diagnosis was degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis in 84 cases of grade I, and 66 cases of grade II. There were 88 males and 62 females. Preoperatively, at 1 week and 3 months postoperatively, the pain was evaluated with visual analogue scale (VAS) scoring system and therapeutic effect was observed with modified Prolo scoring system.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In complications, dural tear happened in 3 cases, biological glues were used for dural tear sealing and neither cerebrospinal fluid leak was found. One case suffered from intervertebral Infection and muscle weakness of foot was found in one case, either was cured after symptomatic treatment. Operative time averaged 160 minutes (120-280 min). Estimated blood loss averaged 210 ml (100-450 ml). The postoperative follow-up ranged from 6 to 36 months (averaged 15.2 months). Preoperatively,at 1 week and 3 months postoperatively, VAS scores were respectively 7.9 +/- 2.1, 2.2 +/- 0.6, 3.2 +/- 1.1 (P < 0.01). The rate of excellent and good was 98.67% (148/150) according to modified Prolo scoring system.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Microendoscopic surgery transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion technique is indicated for lumbar vertebral instability, localized intervertebral disc disorder and lumbar spondylolisthesis with stenotic nerve root or tube below grade II. This technique has advantages of minimal invasion and early functional recovery.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Endoscopy , Methods , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae , Pathology , General Surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Postoperative Complications , Recovery of Function , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fusion , Methods , Spondylolisthesis , Diagnostic Imaging , General Surgery , Therapeutics , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-254861

ABSTRACT

The present paper introduces LI Yan-Fang's middle-warmer energy method from acupoint selection, needling methods, treatment principle and his clinical experiences in treatment of stroke and insomnia etc. The acupuncture prescription of this method consist of Shangwan (CV 13), Zhongwan (CV 12), Jianli (CV 11), Xiawan (CV 10), Shuifen (CV 9), Huangshu (KI 16) and Qihai (CV 6) etc as the main acupoints combined with strict manipulation and depth of needling to treat clinical diseases.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Stroke , Therapeutics
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