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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826628

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This study summarizes and compares clinical and laboratory characteristics of 34 patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) for complications from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) at the First Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China from Jan. 22 to Mar. 5, 2020.@*METHODS@#A total of 34 patients were divided into two groups, including those who required noninvasive ventilation (NIV) and invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV) with additional extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in 11 patients. Clinical features of COVID-19 patients were described and the parameters of clinical characteristics between the two groups were compared.@*RESULTS@#The rates of the acute cardiac and kidney complications were higher in IMV cases than those in NIV cases. Most patients had lymphocytopenia on admission, with lymphocyte levels dropping progressively on the following days, and the more severe lymphopenia developed in the IMV group. In both groups, T lymphocyte counts were below typical lower limit norms compared to B lymphocytes. On admission, both groups had higher than expected amounts of plasma interleukin-6 (IL-6), which over time declined more in NIV patients. The prothrombin time was increased and the levels of platelet, hemoglobin, blood urea nitrogen (BUN), D-dimer, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), and IL-6 were higher in IMV cases compared with NIV cases during hospitalization.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Data showed that the rates of complications, dynamics of lymphocytopenia, and changes in levels of platelet, hemoglobin, BUN, D-dimer, LDH and IL-6, and prothrombin time in these ICU patients were significantly different between IMV and NIV cases.


Subject(s)
Acute Kidney Injury , Virology , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Betacoronavirus , Blood Urea Nitrogen , China , Coronavirus Infections , Therapeutics , Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation , Female , Fibrin Fibrinogen Degradation Products , Heart Diseases , Virology , Hemoglobins , Hospitalization , Humans , Intensive Care Units , Interleukin-6 , Blood , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase , Blood , Lymphopenia , Virology , Male , Middle Aged , Noninvasive Ventilation , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Therapeutics , Positive-Pressure Respiration , Prothrombin Time , Retrospective Studies
2.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2919-2927, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877929

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Albuvirtide is a once-weekly injectable human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 fusion inhibitor. We present interim data for a phase 3 trial assessing the safety and efficacy of albuvirtide plus lopinavir-ritonavir in HIV-1-infected adults already treated with antiretroviral drugs.@*METHODS@#We carried out a 48-week, randomized, controlled, open-label non-inferiority trial at 12 sites in China. Adults on the World Health Organization (WHO)-recommended first-line treatment for >6 months with a plasma viral load >1000 copies/mL were enrolled and randomly assigned (1:1) to receive albuvirtide (once weekly) plus ritonavir-boosted lopinavir (ABT group) or the WHO-recommended second-line treatment (NRTI group). The primary endpoint was the proportion of patients with a plasma viral load below 50 copies/mL at 48 weeks. Non-inferiority was prespecified with a margin of 12%.@*RESULTS@#At the time of analysis, week 24 data were available for 83 and 92 patients, and week 48 data were available for 46 and 50 patients in the albuvirtide and NRTI groups, respectively. At 48 weeks, 80.4% of patients in the ABT group and 66.0% of those in the NRTI group had HIV-1 RNA levels below 50 copies/mL, meeting the criteria for non-inferiority. For the per-protocol population, the superiority of albuvirtide over NRTI was demonstrated. The frequency of grade 3 to 4 adverse events was similar in the two groups; the most common adverse events were diarrhea, upper respiratory tract infections, and grade 3 to 4 increases in triglyceride concentration. Renal function was significantly more impaired at 12 weeks in the patients of the NRTI group who received tenofovir disoproxil fumarate than in those of the ABT group.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The TALENT study is the first phase 3 trial of an injectable long-acting HIV drug. This interim analysis indicates that once-weekly albuvirtide in combination with ritonavir-boosted lopinavir is well tolerated and non-inferior to the WHO-recommended second-line regimen in patients with first-line treatment failure.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02369965; https://www.clinicaltrials.gov.Chinese Clinical Trial Registry No. ChiCTR-TRC-14004276; http://www.chictr.org.cn/enindex.aspx.


Subject(s)
Adult , Anti-HIV Agents/adverse effects , Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active , China , Drug Therapy, Combination , HIV Infections/drug therapy , HIV-1 , Humans , Maleimides , Peptides , Ritonavir/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome , Viral Load
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776086

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate multilineage-differentiating stress-enduring (Muse) by immunomagnetic bead screening from Wharton's jelly mesenchymal stromal cells(WJ-MSCs), and explore transplantation of Muse cell for safety and effectivensess of sub acute cord injury in rats.@*METHODS@#Donated Wharton's Jelly-mesenchymal stromal cells (WJ-MSCs) were successfully derived from a human umbilical cord by a series of procedures namely physical isolation of Wharton's Jelly from cord membrane, collagenase and trypsin treatment and density gradient centrifugation. Magnetic activated cell sorting was performed to specifically select SSEA3+ Muse cells, and flow cytometry and immunocytochemistry were used to identify further. In vivo, spinal cord contusion injury model in rats was induced by NYU-III impactor, and were randomly divided and equally into four groups, namely group A (sham), group B (control), group C (Non-Muse cells transplantation) and group D (Muse cells transplantation). Laminectomy was conducted in group A but no spinal cord contusion injury. Laminectomy and cord injury were performed in group B, C and D, 10 g trip rod was freely falling down from 12.5 mm. Two weeks later, group B, C and D were received PBS injection, Non-Muse cells transplantation and Muse cells transplantation respectively, four-point injection were performed in each cord with totally 4×10⁵ cells. BBB scores were evaluated on 1 day, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 week after injury. Four weeks after cell transplantation, the rats were sacrificed, and immunohistochemistry were carried out to observe survival, migration and differentiation of the injected cells.@*RESULTS@#The expression of CD105, CD90 and CD73 were over 99.5% in the derived WJ-MSCs population, but CD45 and CD14 were lower than 0.5%, positive rate of SSEA3+ was 1.46% under flow cytometer, However, after MACS sorting, the percentage of 92.0% Muse cells expressed SSEA3 and CD105, and immunohistochemistry results of SSEA3 showed typically membrane morphology with special processes. In vivo, BBB scores was 21 in group A at different time points. One-way ANOVA and LSD analysis showed that BBB scores in group C and D were significantly higher than that in group B (=0.004, 0.002), but there was no significantly difference between group C and D. Further intra-group paired t test showed that BBB score was significantly higher at 4 weeks than that 3 weeks in group C (=0.005). However, in group D, BBB scores were significantly higher at 4 and 6 week than those at 3 and 5 weeks, values were 0.005 and 0.016 respectively. Immunohistochemistry results showed that both Muse cells and Non-Muse cells could survive for 4 weeks in rats and they migrated from the four-point injection to injury site. But there showed more Muse cells survival than Non-Muse cells in the cord.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Immunomagnetic bead screening is efficient to select large number of purified SSEA3+ Muse cells. Muse cells could survive and target-migrate in injured cord to improve BBB scores continuously. Muse cells are a novel kind of seed cells in the spinal cord injury treatment.


Subject(s)
Alprostadil , Animals , Cell Differentiation , Cells, Cultured , Humans , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Rats , Spinal Cord Injuries , Umbilical Cord , Wharton Jelly
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815999

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinicopathological features of phospholipase A2 receptor(PLA2R) negative patents with idiopathic membranous nephropathy(IMN). METHODS: IMN patients diagnosed by renal biopsy were enrolled in this study. Glomerular PLA2 R deposition(GAg) and serum anti-PLA2 R antibodies(SAbs) were detected by immunohistochemical staining and enzyme linked immunosorbent assay, respectively. Patients were divided into two groups. Both GAg and SAbs were negative in patients of Group A. Patients of group B were selected from patients who were positive for GAg and SAbs and were matched with group A in gender and age. The clinical and laboratory data of the two groups were collected. Glomerular thrombospondin type-1 domaincontaining 7A(THSD7A) deposition and serum anti-THSD7 A antibody were also measured by immunohistochemical staining and indirect immunofluorescence in the two groups, respectively. RESULTS:(1) Compared with group B, patients in group A had lower levels of proteinuria, lower proportion of microscopic hematuria, higher remission rate(P<0.05). The positive rate of IgG4 in group A(45.0%) was significantly lower than that in group B(85.0%)(P<0.01).(2) The positive rate of glomerular THSD7 A deposition and serum anti-THSD7 A antibody of group A were 17.5% and 7.5%. Patients in group B showed negative THSD7 A tissue staining and antiTHSD7 A antibodies. CONCLUSION: Compared with patients who were positive for GAg and SAbs, patients who were negative for GAg and SAbs exhibited lower levels of proteinuria and higher remission rate. The positive rate of glomerular THSD7 A deposition and serum anti-THSD7 A antibody was low in patients with IMN.

5.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2713-2725, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775031

ABSTRACT

Background@#The nucleotide-binding and oligomerization domain-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome composed of NLRP3, apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing CARD (ASC), and caspase-1 is engaged in the inflammatory response of many kidney diseases and can be activated by purinergic 2X7 receptor (P2X7R). This study was conducted to explore whether P2X7R plays a pathogenic role in the podocyte damage of obesity-related glomerulopathy (ORG) and whether this role is mediated by the activation of NLRP3 inflammasome.@*Methods@#A mouse model of ORG was established by high-fat diet feeding. The conditionally immortalized mouse podocytes were cultured with leptin or with leptin and P2X7R antagonist (KN-62 or A438079). The mRNA and protein expression of the P2X7R and NLRP3 inflammasome components including NLRP3, ASC, and caspase-1, as well as the podocyte-associated molecules including nephrin, podocin, and desmin in mouse renal cortex or cultured mouse podocytes were tested by real-time-polymerase chain reaction and Western blot analysis, respectively.@*Results@#The significantly upregulated expression of P2X7R and NLRP3 inflammasome components and the NLRP3 inflammasome activation were observed in the renal cortex (in fact their location in podocytes was proved by confocal microscopy) of ORG mice in vivo, which were accompanied with the morphological changes of podocyte damage and the expression changes of podocyte-associated molecules. Similar changes in the expression of P2X7R and NLRP3 inflammasome components as well as in the expression of podocyte-associated molecules were also observed in the cultured podocyte studies treated by leptin in vitro, and all of the above changes were significantly attenuated by the P2X7R antagonist KN-62 or A438079.@*Conclusions@#P2X7R could trigger the activation of NLRP3 inflammasome, and the activated P2X7R/NLRP3 inflammasome in podocytes might be involved in the podocyte damage of ORG.


Subject(s)
Animals , Blotting, Western , Body Weight , Physiology , Inflammasomes , Metabolism , Kidney Glomerulus , Metabolism , Pathology , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein , Genetics , Metabolism , Obesity , Podocytes , Metabolism , Pathology , Receptors, Purinergic P2X7 , Genetics , Metabolism
6.
Military Medical Sciences ; (12): 898-901,937, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694277

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the role of 18 ku translocator protein (TSPO) in the anti-post-traumatic-stress-disorder(PTSD) effects of YL-IPA08 and the value of TSPO as a potential pharmacological target using gene knock out mice.Methods The PCR method was used to genotype TSPO wild type (WT) mice and knock out (KO) mice.Foot shock was used to establish a well-accepted mouse model of PTSD,the open field test (OFT) was used to evaluate the locomotor activity in mice,and freezing measurement was used to evaluate the PTSD-like fear behavior in mice.Results Compared with TSPO WT mice,KO mice had no expressible TSPO gene,but showed similar locomotor activity to WT mice after PTSD modeling.On day 1,day 5 and day 16 after PTSD modeling (day-1-day 0),both WT and KO mice showed significant PTSD-like behavior with enhanced freezing time.However,8 d treatment (day 0-day 7) of YL-IPA08 (0.3 mg/kg,once daily) or positive drug sertraline (15 mg/kg,once daily) after PTSD modeling significantly reduced freezing time selectively in WT mice,but not in KO mice.Conclusion It has been found for the first time that TSPO WT and KO mice can show the same sensitivity to PTSD modeling (namely the same PTSD-like behavior performance).Interestingly,TSPO can mediate the anti-PTSD effects of YL-IPA08.Therefore,the present study provides direct evidence for the value of TSPO as an potential pharmacological target for PTSD.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693356

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the anti-post-traumatic-stress-disorder(anti-PTSD)effects of YL-IPA08,a selective 18kDa translocator protein(TSPO)ligand.Methods The time-dependent stress sensitization(TDS)method was used to establish a rat mod?el of PTSD.The open field test(OFT)was used to evaluate the locomotor activity in rats.The contextual freezing(CF)measurement, elevated plus maze(EPM)test and novel objective recognition(NOR)test were used to evaluate the PTSD-like behaviors in rats.The concentration of allopregnanolone in rat hippocampus was detected by ELISA. Results Compared with the control group,neither TDS nor drug treatment affected the locomotor activity in rats(P>0.05).However,PTSD rats showed significant PTSD-like behaviors with enhanced CF time in CF mearsurement,decreased open arm time and open arm entries in EPM test,and dropped object recogni?tion index in NOR test(P<0.05 or 0.01).Moreover,the concentration of hippocampus allopregnanolone was decreased in PTSD rats (P<0.05).YL-IPA08(0.05-0.1mg/kg)or positive drug sertraline(15 mg/kg),administered intragastrically after establishment of PTSD model,significantly reversed the above PTSD-like behavioral changes(P<0.05 or 0.01)and increased the concentration of hip?pocampus allopregnanolone in PTSD rats.Conclusion YL-IPA08 could improve the PTSD-like behavior in rats,and the mechanism may be related to the increased allopregnanolone level in hippocampus.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-328254

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore material bases and neurobiological mechanisms of "Shen storing will" by observing learning and memory capacities and N-methyl-D-aspartic acid (NMDA) receptor expressions in Shen deficiency constitution (SDC) rats.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Totally 40 SD rats were randomly divided into the model group, the Zuogui Pill (ZP) group, the Yougui Pill (YP) group, the blank control group (consisting of normal pregnant rats), 10 in each group. SDC young rat model (inherent deficiency and postnatal malnutrition) was prepared by the classic way of "cat scaring rat". Medication started when they were scared by cat. Rats in the ZP group and the YP group were administered by gastrogavage with ZP suspension 0.1875 g/mL and YP suspension 0.0938 g/mL respectively. Equal volume of normal saline was administered to rats in the blank control group and the model group by gastrogavage. All medication was given once per day, 5 days in a week for 2 consecutive months. Learning and memory capacities were detected by Morris water maze test. Expressions of NMDA receptor subunits NR2A and NR2B in hippocamus were detected by immunohistochemical method.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the blank control group, the latency period, total distance in Morris water maze test were longer in the model group (P < 0.05). All the aforesaid indices all decreased in the ZP group and the YP group, with statistical difference when compared with the model group (P < 0.05). The protein expressions of NR2A and NR2B in hippocamus were lower in the model group than in the blank control group (P < 0.05). But when compared with the model group, they were obviously higher in the ZP group and the YP group (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>SDC rats had degenerated learning and memory capacities and lowered NMDA receptor expressions. ZP and YP could up-regulate learning and memory capacities and NMDA receptor expressions, thereby improving deterioration of brain functions in SDC rats.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Female , Learning , Memory , Pregnancy , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate , Metabolism , Up-Regulation
9.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 658-661,665, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792519

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the impairment and change of cognitive function in patients with depression in remission.Methods The cognitive function was evaluated with group neurocognitive test tool from multi -dimensional evaluation of attention,memory and execution function among 14 depressive patients during diseased episode and in remission after one year.The control group was set and the results of the two groups were compared.Results The result of the attention test showed that the error counts of the second and third situation of Continuous Performance Test (CPT)in depression group in diseased episode and in remission were more than those in the control group (P <0.05),and the time used in Stroop -C and the time used in A of Trail making test(TMT)were longer than those in the control group (P <0.05),and the right numbers in Stroop -CW were less than those in the control group (P <0.05 ).The numbers completed in Stroop -CW in diseased episode of depression group were less than those in control group(P <0.05),and the numbers completed in Stroop -CW in remission of depression group were more than those in diseased episode(P <0.01).The result of the memory test showed that the score of a in Logical memory test (LMT)in diseased episode of depression group was less than that in control group(P <0.05),and the score of b and aggregate score in LMT and the score of b in Visal reproduction test (VRT)in diseased episode and in remission of depression group were less than that in control group (P <0.05).In VRT,the score of a and aggregate score in diseased episode were less than that in remission of depression group and in control group(P <0.05),and the score of c in diseased episode and the aggregate score in remission were less than that in control group(P <0.05).The result of the execution function test showed that the numbers of sustained error of mWCST in diseased episode of depression group were more and the numbers of categories were less than those in control group (P <0.05),and the correct numbers in Verbal fluency test (VFT)of the depressive group in diseased episode and in remission were less than those in control group(P <0.01 ).Conclusion When the depressive disorder is remitted,the degree of cognitive impairment in different dimension is different,and the cognitive impairment is still exist for a long time.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-838929

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the relationship of pre-operative serum brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) with risk of acute kidney injury (AKI) after cardiac surgery. Methods We collected 182 patients undergoing cardiac surgery at Department of Cardiac Surgery, Changhai Hospital from Jan. 2012 to Jan. 2013. The surgical procedures included coronary artery bypass graft (CABG),valve replacement, and combined surgery (CABG+valve replacement). According to the preoperative BNP levels, the patients were divided into five groups in an ascending order. The definition and classification weres accorded to the latest AKI KDIGO (Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes) guideline; the AKI incidence was obtained from patients with different BNP levels. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used to evaluate the value of BNP level as a predictor of AKI. Results The average age of the 182 patients was (68.6±8.9) years old, with male being 65.9% (120/182). The surgery procedures including 82 CABG (45.0%),57 valve replacement (31.3%), and 43 combined surgery (CABG valve replacement) (23.6%). We found that age, basic renal function and pre-operative BNP levels were significantly different between the five BNP groups (P<0.05). The incidence of AKI was 33.5% (61/182) in this study. The incidence rates of stage 1 AKI and total AKI significantly increased with increase of BNP levels in the five BNP groups (P<0.05). As a predictor of AKI ROC curves, BNP area under the curve (AUC) was 0.687 (95% CI: 0.607-0.768). Conclusion Pre-operative BNP level is associated with post-operative AKI in high risk patients undergoing cardiac surgery, and it is a potential predictor of AKI risk stratification after cardiac surgery.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-289945

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the application of immunohistochemistry and fluorescence staining method in the detection of phospholipase A2 receptor (PLA2R) on paraffin section of renal biopsy tissue,and to find an accurate and fast method for the detection of PLA2R in renal tissue.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The PLA2R of 193 cases were detected by immunohistochemical staining,and the antigen was repaired by the method of high pressure cooker (HPC) hot repair plus trypsin repair. The 193 samples including 139 cases of idiopathic membranous nephropathy (IMN), 15 cases of membranous lupus nephritis, 8 cases of hepatitis B virus associated membranous nephropathy, 18 cases of IgA nephropathy, and 13 cases of minimal change diseases. To compare the dyeing effects, 22 paraffin sections of renal biopsy tissue of IMN cases with positive PLA2R were stained by using 4 different.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>of antigen repairing,which included HPC hot repair, HPC hot repair plus trypsin repair, water bath heat repair, and water bath heat repair plus trypsin repair. To compare the dyeing effects, 15 paraffin sections of renal biopsy tissue of IMN cases with positive PLA2R were stained by using 3 different.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>of antigen repairing,which included water bath heat repair plus trypsin repair, protease K digestion repair, and pepsin digestion repair.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In 193 cases, the positive rate of PLA2R in IMN cases was 90.6% (126/139), and the other 54 patients without IMN were negative. Twenty-two IMN patients were positive for PLA2R by using the HPC heat repair plus trypsin repaire or the water bath heat repair plus trypsin repair;while only a few cases of 22 IMN cases were positive by using the HPC hot repair alone or water bath heat repair alone. Fifteen IMN patients were positive for PLA2R by using water bath heat repair plus trypsin repair,protease K digestion repair,and pepsin digestion repair, but the distribution of positive deposits and the background were different.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>PLA2R immunohistochemical staining can effectively identify IMN and secondary MN. For immunohistochemical staining and immunofluorescence staining, the preferred method of antigen repair is water bath heat repair plus trypsin repair.</p>


Subject(s)
Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Glomerulonephritis, IGA , Glomerulonephritis, Membranous , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Paraffin , Receptors, Phospholipase A2 , Staining and Labeling
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-231659

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate Chinese medical features of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) patients with pulmonary infection.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Using cluster analysis method, Chinese medical syndromes of 196 AIDS patients with pulmonary infection were analyzed. The distribution features of each syndrome type were analyzed according to the severity and CD4+ numerical analysis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Basic Chinese medical syndrome types could be summed up as three kinds: exterior invasion of wind heat and phlegm heat obstructing Fei syndrome (61 cases, 31.1%), Fei-Pi deficiency and Fei stagnation of phlegm syndrome (64 cases, 32.7%), Fei-Shen deficiency and yin deficiency induced inner heat syndrome (71 cases, 36.2%). There was statistical difference in the severity degree and the distribution of CD4 among the three syndrome types (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>AIDS patients with pulmonary infection involve Fei, Shen, and Pi. The pathogenic factors were related to "wind", "heat", "phlegm", and "xu". The Chinese medical syndrome distribution was closely correlated with patients' immunity.</p>


Subject(s)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome , Diagnosis , Epidemiology , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Cluster Analysis , Female , Humans , Male , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Methods , Middle Aged , Respiratory Tract Infections , Diagnosis , Epidemiology , Yang Deficiency , Diagnosis , Yin Deficiency , Diagnosis , Young Adult
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-315007

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the effect and safety of Xiaozhi particles, integrated taohong Siwu tang and Erchen tang and Xuezhikang capsule in treating hyperlipidaemia (HLP) associated with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART).</p><p><b>METHOD</b>In the multi-centered, randomized controlled clinical study, 180 hyperlipidaemia associated with highly active antiretroviral therapy cases were divided into the treatment group treated by Xiaozhi particles, integrated Taohong Siwu tang and Erchen tang, and the control group treated by Xuezhikang capsule. The treatment course was 12 weeks. The total cholesterol (Tch), triglyceride (TG), low density lipoprotein (LDL) and high-density lipoprotein(HDL) were observed.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>After 12 weeks, compared with Xuezhikang capsule, the change difference of Tch, LDL, HDL in the Chinese traditional medicine formula groups of patients is significant (P < 0.05), the change of the TG has no significant difference. The effect of Tch, LDL in Xuezhikang capsule groups is better than in traditional Chinese medicine formula group,but the effect of HDL in traditional Chinese medicine formula group is better than in Xuezhikang capsule groups.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Integrated Taohong Siwu tang and Erchen tang, Xiaozhi particles and Xuezhikang capsule can be used to control the hyperlipidaemia associated with highly active antiretroviral therapy as one of the main Chinese native medicine preparation.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active , Cholesterol , Blood , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Female , Humans , Hyperlipidemias , Blood , Drug Therapy , Lipoproteins, HDL , Blood , Lipoproteins, LDL , Blood , Male , Triglycerides , Blood
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-315006

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare effects of integrated treatment traditional Chinese medicine and Western medicine (TCM-WM) and simple western medicine on TCM clincal symptoms in the patient of AIDS with pulmonary inflammation.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>A multicenter randomized controlled trials of 164 subjects evaluated the effects of clinical symptoms of AIDS with pulmonary inflammation of TWO regimens: the TCM-WM group (n = 111) and western medicine treatment group (n = 53), while incidence of TCM symptoms in different time points in two groups were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Twenty eight days after treatment, the cured and markedly effective rate of TCM symptoms in the TCM-WM group significantly exceeding that in the western medicine treatment group (cured and markedly effective rate significant efficiency 44.55% vs 20.00%), while the incidence rate for the TCM symptoms of fever and headache in the TCM-WM group was significantly lower than that in western medicine group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The integrated treatment of traditional Chinese medicine and Western medicine helps to alleviate the TCM clinical symptoms of AIDS with pulmonary inflammation.</p>


Subject(s)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome , Female , Humans , Male , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Methods , Multivariate Analysis , Pneumonia , Drug Therapy , Treatment Outcome
15.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 746-749, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-236413

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVES</b>To investigate the impact of AAV-encoding NT4-TAT-His-PR39 fusion gene expression on HIF-1alpha level in ECV304 cultured under hypoxic condition (1%O(2)) and on angiogenesis in hypoxic chick embryo.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>PR39 cDNA was connected with NT4, TAT, 6 x His cDNA by molecular biology methods. The recombinant AAV vector was obtained by three plasmid co-transfection in 293 cells. Then ECV304 were respectively infected with AAV-NT4-TAT-His-PR39, 6 x His expression and HIF-1alpha level in ECV304 were detected by immunocytochemistry. The chicken embryos were randomized into the AAV-PR39, EV and PBS groups (n = 10 each) subject to hypoxia (5%O(2), n = 15) or normoxia environments (n = 15), the vessel density of the chicken chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) were measured by Image Pro Plus (IPP) software.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The expression of 6 x His protein was detected in AAV-PR39 infected ECV304 cells. HIF-1alpha protein activity was significantly increased in AAV-PR39 infected ECV304 underwent hypoxia compared to PBS and non-infected ECV304 groups (P < 0.05). The vessel density of chicken CAM in hypoxia environment but not in normoxia environment was also significantly higher in AAV-PR39 group than in EV group and PBS group (all P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>AAV-encoding NT4-TAT-His-PR39 fusion gene expression significantly increased HIF-1alpha level in ECV304 exposed to hypoxia and promoted angiogenesis in hypoxic chicken embryo.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Antimicrobial Cationic Peptides , Genetics , Cell Line , Chick Embryo , Dependovirus , Genetics , Gene Fusion , Gene Transfer Techniques , Genes, Viral , Hypoxia , Genetics , Neovascularization, Physiologic , Genetics
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-310368

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the clinicopathological and immunohistochemical features of primary malignant tumor of the appendix.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data were reviewed; and histopathological and immunohistochemical features were analyzed in 22 cases with primary malignant tumor of the appendix.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>In 22 cases of primary malignant tumor of the appendix, 19 cases were carcinoid and 3 were adenocarcinoma. Immunohistochemistry showed that the carcinoid was positively reacted to the neuroendocrine markers, and the adenocarcinoma was negatively reacted to the neuroendocrine markers.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Immunohistochemistry is useful in diagnosis of primary malignant tumor of the appendix, a rare type of cancer.</p>


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma , Diagnosis , Pathology , General Surgery , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Appendiceal Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Pathology , General Surgery , Carcinoid Tumor , Diagnosis , Pathology , General Surgery , Female , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-683195

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the clinical features of acute renal failure(ARF)as the initial presentation of systemic lupus erythematosus(SLE).Methods Eight cases of ARF in SLE from Jan 1995 to Apt 2006 were investigated,descriptive analysis and literature review were performed.Results①The symp- tom of ARF in SLE was mainly oliguria,with severe accompany symptoms and complications.②The level of leucocyte and hemoglobin was low in laboratory tests,also the complement level decreased significantly.The most frequent renal pathology was typeⅣ,Ⅳ+ⅤLN.③Large dose steroid and CTX were the mainstay of treatment.In addition,SCUF,CVVHDF and hemodialysis could be used for lethal conditions.Conclusion ARF can be the first manifestation of SLE and it usually represents more severe disease and more complica- tions.Large dose steroid and CTX can improve prognois.In cases refractory to steroid and if the effect is obso- lete,CTX treatment SCUF,CVVHDF and hemodialysis can be use.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-679654

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the MRI features of sophorae subprostrate intoxication.Methods Four cases with sophorae subprostrate intoxication underwent conventional MRI and diffusion-weighted imaging(DWI)with a 1.5 T MR system.Results In four cases,all cerebellar dentate nuclei showed symmetric patchy hyper-intensity on T_2 weighted images and iso-intensity on diffusion-weighted images as well as hyper-intensity on ADC maps.The bilateral dorsum of the brain stem and thalamus were involved in one ease.Symmetric long T_1 and T_2 signals and high DWI signals with low ADC values in bilateral basal ganglia area were demonstrated in one case with severe symptoms.After treatment,repeated MR images in two cases showed the abnormal signals of dentate nucleus disappeared,and the lesions of basal ganglia area in one case tended to be cystie with longer T_1 and T_2 signals and low DWI signals.Conclusion It is specific for intoxication of sophorae subprostrate to affect the dentate nuclei and lentiform nuclei.MRI and DWI is helpful for the early diagnosis,differential diagnosis and prognosis evaluation of this disease.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-682965

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the therapeutic effect of focused ultrasound(FU)on chronic cervicitis unitarily and its influential factors.Methods Three hundred and thirteen patients of chronic cervicitis were treated with the device of CZF model focused ultrasound.The therapeutic effects in 300 cases with complete records,as well as the relationship between the diameter of cervical erosion and the exposure time to FU were analyzed.Results The effective rates of FU in treatment of chronic cervicitis unitarily were 100.0%(53/53),95.2%(120/126)and 91.7%(111/121),respectively,for mild,moderate and severe cases.The overall effective rate was 94.7%(284/300).With other parameters of FU unchanged,the exposure time to FU showed an exponential relationship with the diameter of erosion,and the regression equation was D=31.71e~(0.4808t)(R~2=0.9966).Conclusions The controllability and achievement ratio of FU to treat cervical erosion could be enhanced when exposure time and manners were fully considered based on the diameter and type of cervical erosion.A satisfactory therapeutic efficacy could be achieved with FU to treat cervical erosion unitarily.

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