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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873199


Objective:To establish a method for qualitative analysis of components in Perilla frutescens leaves and stalks by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS),so as to explore the substance basis of pharmacodynamics differences between P.frutescens leaves and stalks.Method:P. frutescens leaves and stalks were extracted by 80% methanol-water ultrasound. The samples were analyzed by UPLC-Q-Exactive-Orbitrap-MS comprehensively. Halo-C18 column (2.1 mm×100 mm,2.7 μm) was used for gradient elution with 0.05% formic acid aqueous-0.05% acetonitrile formate as mobile phase in positive and negative ion modes. The flow rate was 0.3 mL·min-1,the column temperature was 40 ℃,and the injection volume was 5 μL.Result:The chemical compound in P. frutescens was deduced and identified based on the retention time of chromatography,and the exact molecular weight,excimer ion peaks,fragment ions and reference materials in Xcalibur software. The chemical composition of P. frutescens was identified by Mass Frontier 7.0 software. Totally 4 amino acids,7 phenylpropanoids,10 flavonoids,12 triterpenoids,7 organic acids,4 fatty acids,10 unknown compounds and 54 compounds were identified. Among them,6 triterpene acids, including glochidone, were identified in P. frutescens for the first time. The structures of five characteristic compounds were analyzed. There were 45 constituents in P.frutescens leaves and 32 constituents in P. frutescens stalks. They had 23 common constituents.Conclusion:LC-MS can identify the components of P. frutescens rapidly and effectively. This study provides an important theoretical basis for the quality control of different parts of P. frutescens and the development and utilization of P. frutescens.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-338197


Water-soluble polysaccharides from traditional Chinese medicine have properties of complex structure and high molecular, resulting in hardly complete their structural characterization.However, a "bottom-up" approach could solve this problem.Glehniae Radix extract was extracted with hot water and then precipitated by 40% ethanol to obtain Glehniae Radix polysaccharides (RGP). Subsequently, a partial acid hydrolysis method was carried out and the effects of acid concentration, time and temperature on hydrolysis were investigated. Under the optimum hydrolysis condition (1.5 mol•L⁻¹ trifluoroacetic acid, 4 h, and 80 ℃), RGP were hydrolyzed to characteristic oligosaccharide fragments. Futher, a hydrophilic liquid chromatography- mass spectrometry method was used for the separation and structural characterization of the polysaccharide hydrolysates. According to MS and MS/MS analysis of several standard disaccharides, a method for determining the type of polysaccharide glycosidic linkage by mass spectrometry was established. The results showed that the polysaccharide hydrolysates were linear glucan containing 1, 4-glycosidic bonds. And gluco-oligosaccharides with the degrees of polymerization (DP) of 4-11 were obtained after partial acid hydrolysis.

Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 4226-4232, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-339866


<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Mycophenolic acid (MPA) as an anti-proliferative immune-suppressive agent is used in the majority of immunosuppressive regimens in solid organ transplantation. This study aimed to investigate the pharmacokinetic (PK) characteristics of enteric-coated mycophenolate sodium (EC-MPS) and area under the curve (AUC) from 0 to 12 hours with limited sampling strategies (LSSs) in Chinese renal transplant recipients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>This study was conducted in 10 Chinese renal transplant patients receiving living donor and treated with EC-MPS, cyclosporine, and corticosteroids. MPA concentrations were measured by enzyme multiplied immunoassay technique (EMIT). Whole 12-hour PK profiles were obtained on Day 4 after operation. LSSs with jackknife technique, multiple stepwise regression analysis, and Bland-Altman analysis were developed to estimate MPA AUC.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The mean maximum plasma concentration, the mean time for it to reach peak (T(max)), and the mean MPA AUC were (11.38 ± 2.49) mg/L, (4.85 ± 3.32) hours, and (63.19 ± 13.54) mg×h×L(-1), respectively. Among the 10 profiles, MPA AUC of four patients was significantly higher than that of the other six patients, and the corresponding T(max) was significantly longer than that of the other six patients. No patient exhibited a second peak caused by enterohepatic recirculation. The best models were as follows: 27.46 + 0.94C(3) + 3.24C(8) + 2.81C(10) (r(2) = 0.972), which was used to predict AUC of fast metabolizer with a mean prediction error (MPE) of -0.21% and a mean absolute prediction error (MAE) of 2.59%; 36.65 + 3.08C(8) + 5.30C(10) - 4.04C(12) (r(2) = 0.992), which was used to predict AUC of slow metabolizer with a MPE of 0.58% and a MAE of 1.95%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The PKs of EC-MPS had a high variability among Chinese renal transplant recipients. The preliminary PK data indicated the existence of slow and fast metabolizer. These findings may be associated with the enterohepatic recirculation.</p>

Adrenal Cortex Hormones , Therapeutic Uses , Adult , Aged , Cyclosporine , Therapeutic Uses , Female , Humans , Kidney Transplantation , Methods , Male , Middle Aged , Mycophenolic Acid , Pharmacokinetics , Therapeutic Uses , Young Adult
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-360510


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effects of Kuntai Capsule (KTC), a Chinese herbal preparation, on the quality of life (QOL), breast distending pain and vaginal bleeding in women at early stage of menopause.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 104 women at early stage of menopause, 54 had their uterus existed (Ue) and 50 in-existed (Ui), were enrolled, and they were randomized to the KTC group and the control group, with equal cases of Ue and Ui in each. The KTC group was treated with KTC 4 capsules twice a day; the control group treated with premarin 0.45 mg per day and for those of Ue 2 mg medroxyprogesterone additionally, with the remedies medicated orally for 1 year. All the testees were asked to record everyday their own condition of breast pain and vaginal bleeding and followed-up every 3 months to fulfill the Menopause Specific Quality of Life questionnaire. Ultrasonic examination on pelvis and breast as well as endocrine hormone assays of estradiol (E2) and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) were performed before and after the medication term.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Effects of treatment in the two groups were different insignificantly in terms of QOL. The women were benefited in vasomotor and physical domains from the 3rd month of medication, and the psychosocial domain was also improved (for Ui initiating from the 3rd month and for Ue from the 6th month). In the domain of sexual life, KTC showed its favorable effect only on Ue beginning from the 9th month, but not on Ui; while all subjects in the control group had their sexual life improved from the 3rd month. In domain of breast pain, the occurrence at various time points between the two groups was insignificantly different, only that the severity in Ue of the control group was more significant from the 1st to 3rd month than that in the KTC group. As for the domain of vaginal bleeding, the uterine membrane was basically normal in both groups either before or after medication, but the incidence and lasting days from the 1st to 3rd month in Ue of the KTC group were significantly lower than those of the control group. Levels of E2 and FSH were not significantly changed after medication in the KTC group, while in the control group, E2 significantly increased and FSH significantly decreased in the women of Ue (P <0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>KTC could evidently improve the QOL of women at the early stage of menopause, and is of high safety, with less adverse reaction of breast pain and vaginal bleeding, and shows few impact on sexual hormones.</p>

Adult , Breast , Pathology , Physiology , Capsules , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Female , Hemorrhage , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Humans , Menopause , Psychology , Middle Aged , Pain , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Quality of Life , Vaginal Diseases , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Psychology