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1.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 396-401, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984735

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the relationship between the expression of the T-cell activation suppressor-immunoglobulin variable region (VISTA) and the development of cervical squamous cell carcinoma (CSCC), and the impact on the prognosis of CSCC patients. Methods: Cervical tissue samples from 116 CSCC, including 23 cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) grade I, 23 CIN grade Ⅱ-Ⅲ, and 23 chronic cervicitis patients, were collected from the First Hospital of Soochow University between March 2014 and April 2019. The expression of VISTA in each group was detected by immunohistochemistry (IHC). Survival data of CSCC patients were obtained by follow-up. The survival analysis was performed by Kaplan-Meier method, and survival differences between groups were compared by Log rank test. Prognostic impact factors were analyzed using a multifactorial Cox proportional hazards model. Results: The positive rate of VISTA expression in CSCC group was 32.8% (38/116), and which of grade Ⅱ-Ⅲ was 17.4% (4/23). VISTA expression results showed no positive expression patients in the cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade I and chronic cervicitis groups. The differences between the CSCC group and other groups were statistically significant (P<0.01). In 116 CSCC patients, VISTA expression was associated with International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage and lymph node metastasis (P<0.01). The mean survival time of patients in the VISTA positive expression group was 30.7 months, and the 3-year survival rate was 44.7% (17/38). However, the mean survival time of the patients in the VISTA negative expression group was 49.1 months, and the 3-year survival rate was 87.2% (68/78). The Cox regression model found that VISTA expression positivity (P=0.001) and FIGO stage (P=0.047) were prognostic factors for CSCC, and patients with VISTA-positive CSCC had a 4.130-fold risk of death higher than those with VISTA-negative expression. Conclusions: The VISTA protein is highly expressed in CSCC tissues, and its expression level is closely related to the occurrence and development of CSCC. The expression of VISTA can be used as an independent predictor of CSCC prognosis and can provide a strong basis for the treatment of CSCC with immune checkpoint inhibitors.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Clinical Relevance , Neoplasm Staging , Prognosis , Uterine Cervical Dysplasia/pathology , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/pathology , Uterine Cervicitis/pathology
2.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 185-189, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920583

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the relationship between health literacy and unhealthy eating behavior of junior middle school students in rural areas of Jiangxi Province, and to provide a reference for specific strategies for healthy eating behavior.@*Methods@#Stratified cluster random sampling was used to investigate the health literacy and unhealthy eating behavior of 4 311 students in grades 7 to 8 from 50 middle schools in rural areas of Jiangxi Province, the relationship between health literacy and unhealthy eating behavior was analyzed by Chi square test and Logistic regression.@*Results@#Health literacy of junior middle school students in rural areas (≥58 points) was 18.21%. Prevalence of unhealthy eating behavior was relatively high, among which irregular three meal time was the highest (62.33%), followed by high consumption of sugar sweetened beverage, insufficient dairy products consumption, breakfast skipping ever day and insufficient consumption of fruits and vegetables, accounting for 54.60%, 50.38 %, 36.23% and 19.53%, respectively. The risk of irregular meal time ( OR =1.35, 95% CI =1.11-1.65), breakfast skipping every day ( OR = 1.23 , 95% CI =1.01-1.49), insufficient dairy products consumption ( OR =1.29, 95% CI =1.07-1.55), insufficient consumption of fruits and vegetables ( OR =1.45, 95% CI =1.10-1.92) and high consumption of sugar sweetened beverage ( OR =1.39, 95% CI = 1.15 -1.68) was higher than students with high health literacy ( P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#There is a correlation between health literacy and unhealthy eating behavior of junior middle school students in rural areas of Jiangxi Province, schools, families, governments and relevant departments can improve the health literacy level of junior high school students to improve their unhealthy eating behavior, so as to improve the health status of junior high school students.

3.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1234-1238, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929514

ABSTRACT

AIM: To observe the changes of disease spectrum and characteristics of orbital disease distribution in orbital outpatients, introduce the procedures and methods of diagnosis and treatment of orbital diseases in our hospital and define the work focus and social needs in orbital disease. METHODS: Prospective observational study. A registration form was designed to record the gender, age and diagnosis of orbital outpatients in our treatment group. The orbital diseases were divided into seven categories for statistical analysis. The composition ratio, male to female ratio, age of onset, subtypes of dominant diseases and the top three common diseases were analyzed. This paper introduces the diagnosis and treatment process of the orbital disease specialty clinic of our hospital.RESULTS: A total of 1 059 patients with orbital diseases were registered from April 1 to December 31, 2021. The most common orbital diseases were thyroid-related ophthalmopathy(TAO)in 325 cases(30.7%), followed by orbital tumors in 282 cases(26.6%), orbital trauma in 213 cases(20.1%), orbital inflammation in 205 cases(19.4%). Orbital vascular malformation, congenital and genetic venereal diseases and other orbital diseases were 34 cases(3.2%). Pathological diagnosis: orbital tumors in 150 cases(72.8%)were benign, the first three benign tumors were hemolymphangioma, orbital cyst and neurogenic tumor. Orbital tumors in 56 cases were malignant(27.2%), the first three malignant tumors were orbital lymphoma, adenoid cystic carcinoma of the lacrimal gland and rhabdomyosarcoma. The most common orbital injury was orbital blowout fracture, followed by optic nerve injury and orbital soft tissue injury. Orbital non-infectious inflammation accounted for 89.8% and 10.2% with infectious inflammation.CONCLUSION: The spectrum of orbital diseases has changed, and the most common and dominant diseases are TAO, orbital tumor, orbital trauma and orbital inflammation, accounting for 96.8% of the total, which are the main work content in orbital profession. Medical resources of orbital diseases should be rationally allocated according to the changes of disease spectrum to meet the needs of social development.

4.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 690-697, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936364

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the relationship between AML1-ETO (AE) fusion gene and intracellular N6-methyladenosine (m6A) modification pattern in t(8;21) acute myeloid leukemia (AML).@*METHODS@#RNA m6A sequencing was performed in SKNO-1 and AE knockdown SKNO-1 (SKNO-1 siAE) cells using RNA-protein co-immunoprecipitation and high-throughput sequencing (methylated RNA immunoprecipitation sequencing, MeRIP-Seq) to analyze the changes in m6A modification of the entire transcriptome. Transcriptome sequencing (RNA-seq) was performed using high-throughput sequencing. The differentially modified mRNAs were further functionally annotated by Gene Ontology (GO) analysis and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis. The changes in m6A-related enzyme expressions were detected using real-time PCR.@*RESULTS@#A total of 26 441 genes were identified in AE knockdown AML cells and AE-expressing cells, containing 72 036 m6A peaks. AE knockdown caused a reduction of the number of intracellular m6A peaks from 37 042 to 34 994, among which 1278 m6A peaks were significantly elevated and 1225 were significantly decreased; 1316 genes with newly emerged m6A modification were detected and 1830 genes lost m6A modification after AE knockdown. The differential peaks were mainly enriched in pathways involving cancer and human T-lymphocytic leukemia virus I. RNA-seq results showed that 2483 genes were up-regulated and 3913 genes were down-regulated after AE knockdown. The combined analysis of MeRIP-Seq and RNA-Seq results revealed relatively high expression levels of m6A-modified genes as compared with the genes without m6A modification (SKNO-1: 0.6116±1.263 vs 2.010±1.655, P < 0.0001; SKNO-1 siAE: 0.5528±1.257 vs 2.067±1.686, P < 0.0001). The m6A modified genes located in the 3'UTR or 5 'UTR had significantly higher expression levels than those located in exonic regions (SKNO-1: 2.177± 1.633 vs 1.333 ± 1.470 vs 2.449 ± 1.651, P < 0.0001; SKNO-1 siAE: 2.304 ± 1.671 vs 1.336 ± 1.522 vs 2.394 ± 1.649, P < 0.05). Analysis of RNA-seq data identified 3 m6A-related enzymes that showed significantly elevated mRNA expression after AE knockdown, namely WTAP, METTL14, and ALKBH5 (P < 0.05), but the results of real-time PCR showed that the expressions of WTAP and ALKBH5 were significantly increased while the expression of METTL14 was lowered after AE knockdown (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#AE knockdown results in differential expressions of m6A-associated enzymes, suggesting that the AE fusion gene regulates the expression of one or more m6A-associated enzymes to control cellular methylation levels.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adenosine/analogs & derivatives , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Transcriptome
5.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1450-1455, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922278

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical characteristics, outcomes and prognosis of adult acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients with NUP98 gene rearrangement.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of adult AML patients with NUP98 gene rearrangement from January 2015 to December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed, including clinical characteristics, laboratory examination, genetic anomaly, treatment strategy and survival.@*RESULTS@#A total of 15 patients with NUP98 gene rearrangement were detected in 410 adult AML patients (3.7%). The ratio of male to female among 15 patients was 1.1∶1, and the median age was 43 (17-76) years old. The main FAB types were M2 and M4/M5, and including one unclassified. According to the genetic prognosis, 11 cases were intermediate risk, while 4 cases were high risk. The main type of NUP98 gene rearrangement was NUP98-HOXA9 (13/15, 86.7%). 10 patients underwent next generation sequencing, in which 5 patients showed epigenetic gene mutations, 3 patients showed FLT3-ITD or WT1 mutations, and 2 patients showed no mutation. After induction therapy, 13 of 15 patients achieved complete remission(CR). 7 of 8 patients with standard induction therapy achieved CR. 7 elder or intolerance patients with demethylation drug and chemotherapy all achieved CR. The median follow-up time was 28 months. The median OS of 15 the patients was 31.5 months (95% CI 10.7%-52.2%), and the median OS of the patients in non-allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (Allo-HSCT) group was 18.5 months (95% CI 17.8%-19.1%). The median OS was not reached for the patients in the Allo-HSCT group.@*CONCLUSION@#Allo-HSCT can significantly improve the prognosis of AML patients with NUP98 rearrangement. NUP98 rearrangement can be accompanied by epigenetic gene mutations. For the elderly or patients who do not tolerate standard induction therapy, demethylation drugs combined with chemotherapy can achieve good outcomes.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Gene Rearrangement , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , Nuclear Pore Complex Proteins/genetics , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
6.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1424-1428, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922275

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the relationship between hypoxia inducible factor 1 (HIF1α) and Wilms' tumor 1associating protein (WTAP) expression level in t(8;21) acute myeloid leukemia cells.@*METHODS@#The t(8;21) acute myeloid leukemia cell lines, including SKNO-1 and Kasumi-1 were treated by Echinomycin for 24 h, RT-qPCR and Western blot were used to detect the expression levels of WTAP mRNA and the protein. The CoCl @*RESULTS@#The expression level of WTAP mRNA and the protein in the echinomycin treated group was significantly lower than those in the control group (P<0.01). The expression level of WTAP protein in the CoCl@*CONCLUSION@#The inhibition of HIF1-α could down-regulates the expression of WTAP, while the up-regulation of HIF1α could up-regulates the expression of WTAP, which shows that there is a positive correlation of HIF1α and WTAP expression. This result suggesting that HIF1α may be involves in the expression regulation of WTAP gene.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Cycle Proteins , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , Nuclear Proteins , RNA Splicing Factors , RNA, Messenger
7.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 389-394, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880086

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of recombinant human thrombopoietin (rhTPO) to proliferation and apoptosis of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cell lines.@*METHODS@#After the treatment of different concentrations of rhTPO (0, 50, 100 ng/ml) for different time (24,48,72 h),the cell proliferation rates of the AML cell lines (Kasumi-1, Skno-1, HEL, HL-60, THP-1) were determined by CCK-8 method. Apoptosis rate of each cell line cocultured with rhTPO was detected by Annexin V/PI method. The relative expression of TPO receptor c-MPL (myeloproliferative clonal antibody) mRNA in AML cell lines was detected by Q-PCR. The expression of c-MPL protein in each cell line was detected by Western blot. The expression of c-MPL antigen in HL-60 cells treated by different concentrations of rhTPO was detected by Flow cytometry.@*RESULTS@#RhTPO showed no promotion to the proliferation of Kasumi-1, Skno-1, HEL, HL-60, THP-1 cell lines,however,it showed inhibitory effect to cell proliferation (72 h 0 ng/ml vs 100 ng/ml, P= 0.029) and pro-apoptotic (48 h 0 ng/ml vs 50 ng/ml, P=0.0143) in HL-60 cells. In Kasumi-1, Skno-1, HEL and THP-1 cells, there showed no statistically significant differences in apoptosis rate among each groups treated by different concentrations of rhTPO. Each AML cell line showed different levels of c-MPL gene and c-MPL protein expression, but HEL cells showed the highest expression in both of them. After HL-60 cells were treated by different concentrations of rhTPO for 48 hours, there showed no statistical difference in c-MPL antigen expression among each groups.@*CONCLUSION@#RhTPO can not promote the proliferation of Kasumi-1, Skno-1, HEL, HL-60 and THP-1 leukemia cell lines. On the contrary, rhTPO can inhibit HL-60 cell proliferation and promote its apoptosis, and this effect is not related to c-MPL gene expression or protein expression.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis , Cell Proliferation , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Neoplasm Proteins , Proto-Oncogene Proteins , Receptors, Cytokine , Thrombopoietin
8.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 9-16, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880024

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the relationship between the expression level of SQLE and the prognosis of patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) through large sample data.@*METHODS@#The data of genome, transcriptome, gene chip expression, and clinical information were statistically analyzed in multiple cohorts of AML patients with large samples.@*RESULTS@#It was found that the expression level of SQLE gene in tumor cells of AML patients was significantly higher than that of healthy controls (P=0.001). In the three AML corhort, the SQLE high expression group showed a worse therapeutic outcome (OS, P=0.009, P=0.0001, P=0.006; EFS, P=0.005, P=0.001). The unvariate and multivariate survival prognosis analysis indicated that the high expression of SQLE suggests lower event-free survival rate (EFS, HR=1.551, P<0.05) and overall survival rate (OS, HR=1.484, P<0.05). At the same time, it was also found that among different risk subgroups, the expression of SQLE in high risk group was higher (P<0.001, P=0.01), while the patients with high SQLE expression, who received allogeneic HSCT, had longer overall survival time (P=0.006).@*CONCLUSION@#The up-regulation SQLE expression suggests a poor prognosis for the patients with AML.


Subject(s)
Humans , Disease-Free Survival , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Prognosis , Survival Rate , Transcriptome
9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1431-1440, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878193

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The impacts of previous cardio-cerebrovascular disease (pre-CCVD) on the outcomes of hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) are not well described. Patients with pre-CCVD may often be poor candidates for HCT. This study aimed to investigate the impact of pre-CCVD on transplant outcomes.@*METHODS@#A retrospective study was conducted between patients with and without pre-CCVD who consecutively received allogeneic or autologous HCT between November 2013 and January 2020 with a matching of age and disease status. The cardiovascular complications and HCT outcomes of the two groups were evaluated and compared. The primary endpoints were post-transplant cardio-cerebrovascular disease (post-CCVD) and non-relapse mortality (NRM). We used a multivariable Cox proportional hazard model and the Fine-Gray competing risk regressions for analyses to estimate the hazard ratios (HRs).@*RESULTS@#The outcomes of 23 HCT recipients with pre-CCVD were compared with those of 107 patients in the control group. No significant differences were noted in terms of engraftment, overall survival (OS) (67.00% vs. 67.90%, P = 0.983), or relapse (29.78% vs. 28.26%, P = 0.561) between the pre-CCVD group and the control group. The cumulative incidences of 2-year NRM were similar between patients with pre-CCVD and the controls (14.68% vs. 17.08%, P = 0.670). However, pre-CCVD was associated with an increased incidence of post-CCVD (HR: 12.50, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 3.88-40.30, P < 0.001), which was an independent risk factor for increased NRM (HR: 10.29, 95% CI: 3.84-27.62, P < 0.001) and inferior OS (HR: 10.29, 95% CI: 3.84-27.62, P < 0.001).@*CONCLUSIONS@#These findings suggest that the existence of pre-CCVD before transplantation might not result in increased mortality directly but superpose the toxicity of the transplantation procedure, leading to a risk of post-CCVD. Post-CCVD was a powerful predictor for high NRM and inferior OS. Further risk stratification of pre-CCVD is needed to reduce NRM in various transplantation settings.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cerebrovascular Disorders/etiology , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effects , Proportional Hazards Models , Retrospective Studies , Transplantation Conditioning , Transplantation, Autologous
10.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1789-1792, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906806

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the malnutrition status and trends among children and adolescents, and to provide evidence for improving the nutritional status of children and adolescents in 9 provinces of China.@*Methods@#A total of 5 746 children and adolescents aged 7-17 years old from the "China Health and Nutrition Survey" in 2000, 2006, 2011, 2015 and 2018 were selected as the subjects. Variance analysis and Chi square test were used to analyze the BMI of children and adolescents with different characteristics and different types of malnutrition. Linear regression model was used to analyze the trends of BMI, stunting and wasting, and overweight and obesity in children and adolescents with different characteristics.@*Results@#From 2000 to 2018, the BMI of children and adolescents aged 7-17 increased from 17.66 kg/m 2 to 19.08 kg/m 2 ( F =22.88, P <0.05). The prevalence of overweight and obesity increased in both males and females( t =16.65,11.01, P <0.05). Comparison of the rates of wasting and Growth Retardation and overweight and obesity among children and adolescents aged 7-17 years in nine provinces in 2000, 2006,2 011, 2015 and 2018, the difference was statistically significant ( χ 2 wasting and grouth retardation =85.46, 29.55, 41.09, 29.86, 45.29; χ 2 overweight and obesity = 109.12 , 52.21, 98.23, 68.27, 52.49, P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#The prevalence of stunting and wasting of children and adolescents aged 7-17 in 9 provinces of China decreased. The prevalence of overweight and obesity showed an upward trend in 9 provinces of China. There were regional differences among the prevalence of stunting and wasting, as well as overweight and obesity. Active intervention strategies and measures should be taken to improve malnutrition and focus on the prevention of obesity in children and adolescents in China.

11.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 696-701, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888468

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the clinical features, treatment, and prognosis of neonates with Kasabach-Merritt syndrome (KMS), and to provide a reference for optimizing the diagnosis and treatment of this disease.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical and follow-up data of 16 neonates with KMS who were admitted to the Anhui Children's Hospital, Anhui Medical University, from January 2016 to December 2020.@*RESULTS@#Of the 16 neonates, there were 13 boys (81%) and 3 girls (19%), with an age of 1 hour to 10 days on admission. Among these neonates, 13 (81%) had cutaneous hemangioma (2 in the head and face, 5 in the trunk, and 6 in the extremities) and 3 (19%) had liver hemangioma. The main clinical manifestations of bleeding tendency and scattered petechiae and ecchymosis were observed in 10 neonates (62%). All the 16 neonates had varying degrees of thrombocytopenia and coagulation disorders. They all received glucocorticoid treatment after admission and 7 (44%) of them had response, among whom 4 experienced recurrence. Among the neonates with no response to glucocorticoid treatment, 3 received sirolimus treatment, among whom 1 had the tumor volume reduced by 58.8% after 4 weeks of treatment, with platelet count and coagulation function returning to normal, while 2 had no significant reduction in tumor volume or significant increase in platelet count and achieved a tumor volume reduced by (43.7±0.4)% after 4 weeks of combined treatment with bleomycin arterial embolization, with platelet count and coagulation function returning to normal. After 4 weeks of bleomycin arterial embolization alone for 4 neonates, tumor volume was reduced by (52.0±3.4)%, and platelet count and coagulation function returned to normal. Blunt and sharp dissection was performed for 2 neonates. The tumor was removed completely during surgery in the 2 neonates, with no infection or recurrence after surgery, and platelet count and coagulation function returned to normal. The postoperative pathological examination showed Kaposiform hemangioendothelioma in 1 out of the 2 neonates.@*CONCLUSIONS@#KMS has characteristic clinical manifestations, histopathological features, and laboratory examination results. The KMS neonates who are not sensitive to glucocorticoids can achieve a good curative effect through arterial embolization and sirolimus treatment.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Male , Hemangioendothelioma , Kasabach-Merritt Syndrome/therapy , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Retrospective Studies , Sarcoma, Kaposi
12.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1804-1810, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879975

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the clinical characteristics, genetic abnormalities, treatment efficacy and prognostic factors in patients with plasma cell leukemia(PCL).@*METHODS@#30 patients diagnosed as PCL in our hospital from January 1993 to December 2019 were enrolled, and the clinical characteristics, laboratory findings, therapeutic regimes, and survival data of the patients were retrospectively analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The median age of the 30 patients was 56.5 (28-80) years old, among them, 25 patients were primary plasma cell leukemia, and 5 patients were secondary plasma cell leukemia. Complex karyotypes and subdiploids were most common in cytogenetic abnormalities. Among the 20 cases of chromosome G banding, 11 (55%) cases were complex karyotypes and 8 (40%) cases were hypodiploid. Fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) test showed that among 11 cases, 6 cases showed 17p13 deletion, 8 cases showed at least two kinds of abnormalities, which including t (14; 16), t (8; 14), t (11;14), 17p13 deletion, and 13q14 deletion. The median overall survival (OS) time was 10.5 months for all patients. The median OS time of the patients in ECOG score ≤ 2 group was 21.5 months, which was significantly longer than those in the ECOG score>2 group(1.2 months) (P=0.017). The median OS time of the patients treated with novel agents (including proteasome inhibitor and/or immunomodulator) was 24.9 months, which was significantly longer than the patients treated with traditional chemotherapy group(10.5 months) (P<0.001). For the patients treated with novel agents, the median OS time of patients accepted two novel agents combination was 30.9 months, which was longer than those of single novel agent(11.5 months) (P=0.021). The effect of genetic abnormolity to the OS of the patients showed no statistical difference. Multivariate statistical analysis showed that ECOG score>2 was the independent prognostic factor of plasma cell leukemia patients. There were two patients underwent allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in the study,but died due to the pulmonary infection within 6 months after transplantation.@*CONCLUSION@#In the era of novel agents, ECOG score is an independent prognostic factor of plasma cell leukemia. Multiple novel agents treatment should be underwent as soon as possible to improve the prognosis of the patients. Pulmonary infection is a common factor that cause the death of the patients after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Humans , Middle Aged , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Leukemia, Plasma Cell/genetics , Patients , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
13.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 1154-1158, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879768

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the risk factors for hypoglycemia after birth in preterm infants with a gestational age of ≤32 weeks.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed for 86 neonates with hypoglycemia and a gestational age of ≤32 weeks who were admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit from January 2017 to June 2020 (hypoglycemia group). A total of 172 preterm infants with normal blood glucose who were hospitalized during the same period were randomly enrolled as the control group. Univariate analysis and multivariate logistic regression analysis were used to screen out the risk factors for hypoglycemia in preterm infants.@*RESULTS@#There were 515 preterm infants during the study, among whom 86 (16.7%) had hypoglycemia. Compared with the control group, the hypoglycemia group had significantly higher percentages of small for gestational age (SGA), cesarean section, maternal hypertension, and antenatal steroid administration (P<0.05), but significantly lower birth weight and rate of intravenous glucose use before blood glucose test (P<0.05). SGA (OR=4.311, 95%CI: 1.285-14.462, P<0.05), maternal hypertension (OR=2.469, 95%CI: 1.310-4.652, P<0.05), and antenatal steroid administration (OR=6.337, 95%CI: 1.430-28.095, P<0.05) were risk factors for hypoglycemia in preterm infants, while intravenous glucose use (OR=0.318, 95%CI: 0.171-0.591, P<0.05) was a protective factor against hypoglycemia in preterm infants.@*CONCLUSIONS@#SGA, maternal hypertension, and antenatal steroid administration may increase the risk of early hypoglycemia in preterm infants with a gestational age of ≤32 weeks, and intravenous glucose use is recommended as soon as possible after birth for preterm infants with a gestational age of ≤32 weeks to reduce the incidence rate of hypoglycemia.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Cesarean Section , Gestational Age , Hypoglycemia/etiology , Infant, Premature , Infant, Small for Gestational Age , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
14.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 525-530, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985148

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the epidemiological and forensic characteristics of multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) after severe trauma and explore the reference indexes for determining traumatic MODS. Methods In terms of the number of organs or systems involved in MODS, the number of failures of each organ or system, the first failing organ and the survival time after organ failure, 72 cases of MODS death caused by traffic accidents were retrospectively analyzed. The cases were divided into two groups according to the mean injury severity score (ISS). The t test was used to analyze the differences in the number of organs or systems involved in MODS in the two groups. Chi-square test was used to analyze the differences in the types of first failing organs and the differences between the two groups in the number of cases of organ or system failure involved in MODS. Wilcoxon signed-rank test was used to analyze the differences between the two groups in survival time of MODS after trauma. Kaplan-Meier survival curve was drawn and Log-Rank test was performed. Results The number of MODS involved organs or systems after trauma in ISS≤35 group was 3-5, and 2-4 in the ISS>35 group (P<0.05). The cases of MODS organ or system failure after trauma occurred more in brain and lung in the two groups. The first failing organ after trauma was mainly the lung or kidney. The median time of first organ failure after trauma was 2.00 d, the median survival time of MODS after trauma in ISS≤35 group was 6.00 d, and 2.33 d in ISS>35 group (P<0.05). The survival curve of ISS≤35 group was relatively high and declined gradually, while the survival curve of ISS>35 group was relatively low and the decline was steep (P<0.05). Conclusion The epidemiological and forensic characteristics of MODS caused by traffic accidents have certain specificity. The ISS and the forensic characteristics of MODS at ISS>35 can be used as reliable reference indexes for evaluation of the causal relationship among trauma, MODS and death.


Subject(s)
Humans , Accidents, Traffic , Injury Severity Score , Multiple Organ Failure/etiology , Retrospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity , Wounds and Injuries/complications
15.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 14-19, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781332

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the immediate effects of electroacupuncture (EA) and body acupuncture (BA) on gastrocnemius muscle tone in children with spastic cerebral palsy (CP).@*METHODS@#Children with spastic CP, age from 24 to 60 months, who all received rehabilitation treatment in the Department of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, the First Hospital of Jilin University from April 2016 to May 2017 were enrolled in this trial and assigned to EA group and BA group through a random number table. Both EA and BA therapies were performed on acupoints of Zusanli (ST 36), Shangjuxu (ST 37), Sanyinjiao (SP 6), and Xuanzhong (GB 39) for 30 min once. The root mean square (RMS), integrated electromyogram (iEMG) of the gastrocnemius of surface electromyography (sEMG), and Modified Tardieu Scale (MTS) of the two groups were evaluated before and after treatment. All adverse events were accurately recorded.@*RESULTS@#Thirty-six children with spastic CP completed the study (18 cases and 32 legs in the EA group; 18 cases and 31 legs in the BA group). There was no significant difference in RMS, iEMG and MTS between the two groups before treatment (P>0.05). After treatment, compared with before treatment, RMS and iEMG significantly reduced and MTS (R2-R1) significantly increased in both EA and BA groups (P0.05). There was no serious adverse event during this clinical trial.@*CONCLUSION@#Both EA and BA could significantly relieve the gastrocnemius muscle tone in spastic CP, and EA was more effective than BA. (Registration No. ChiCTRONC-15007633).

16.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 248-252, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818221

ABSTRACT

Objective Studies are rarely reported on the factors influencing prognosis of surgically resected lung adenocarcinoma with a micropapillary pattern (LAC-MPP). This study aimed to explore the clinicopathological characteristics and risk factors of surgically resected LAC-MPP. Methods We retrospectively analyzed 384 cases of LAC treated in Henan Cancer Hospital between June 2015 and December 2017, which were classified into an MPP group (n = 82) and a non-MPP control group (n = 302) according to the results of postoperative pathology. We determined the expression of the fusion protein anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK), analyzed its association with the clinicopathological features of LAC-MPP, and explored the risk factors of postoperative MPP. Results Compared with the non-MPP group, the LAC-MPP patients showed a significantly higher expression of ALK (0.03% vs 12.20%, P < 0.05), rate of bronchial invasion (30.80% vs 48.78%, P < 0.05) and vascular tumor thrombus (0.99% vs 25.61%, P < 0.05), but a lower mutation rate of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) (64.24% vs 51.22%, P < 0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that the expression of ALK, vascular tumor thrombus, and age were significantly associated with the risk of postoperative MPP. Conclusion There is a high incidence rate of ALK expression in LAC-MPP patients after operation, which may provide some new ideas for the clinical treatment of the disease. Special attention should be paid to the expression of the ALK fusion protein and vascular tumor thrombus, and age in patients with LAC-MPP after operation.

17.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 48-51, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984979

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the forensic features of diffuse brain atrophy after trauma, the relationship between age and interval time of post-traumatic brain atrophy, and the relationship between the degree of craniocerebral injury and that of brain atrophy.@*METHODS@#The forensic features of 25 cases of diffuse brain atrophy after craniocerebral trauma were retrospectively analyzed from aspects of gender, age, craniocerebral injury characteristics, and imaging characteristics of brain atrophy. Pearson correlation analysis was used for statistical analysis.@*RESULTS@#Diffuse brain atrophy after trauma could occur in any age group, dominated by severe brain injury. The Pearson correlation coefficients (r) between the time interval of brain atrophy and age were 0.442 ( P<0.05), 0.341 (P>0.05), and 0.904 ( P<0.05) for the overall cases, the group over age 50, and the group under age 50, respectively. The correlation coefficient between the degree of brain injury and that of brain atrophy was 0.579 ( P<0.05), and that between severe brain injury and brain atrophy was 0.788 ( P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The more serious the brain injury, the more severe the brain atrophy. Various degrees of diffuse brain atrophy can occur in severe craniocerebral injury, and diffuse brain atrophy is usually mild and moderate after mild and moderate craniocerebral injury. In the practice of forensic clinical identification, a comprehensive analysis should be conducted with the combination of case materials when the identified person has high risk factors leading to brain atrophy (e.g., hypertension, diabetes, etc.), plus injury and illness relationship analysis if necessary.


Subject(s)
Humans , Atrophy , Brain/pathology , Brain Injuries/complications , Craniocerebral Trauma , Retrospective Studies
18.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 502-509, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780131

ABSTRACT

To screen the antithrombotic effective components group of Trichosanthes extract, and to verify its pharmacodynamics and analyze its mechanism, the HPLC fingerprint of Trichosanthes extract (0.09, 0.45, 0.9 g·kg-1) was established, and the pharmacodynamic indexes of antithrombosis in rats with aspirin (0.01 g·kg-1) as positive control group were determined (the animals used in this experiment were approved by the Medical Ethics Committee of Wannan Medical College). The antithrombotic spectrum-activity relationship of Trichosanthes extract was studied and the effective antithrombotic ingredients group was screened by grey relational analysis. The monomer compound mixed solution (0.006, 0.03, 0.06 g·kg-1) was prepared according to the content of each component in the active component group, and the pharmacodynamics and action mechanism were studied to verify the correctness of the spectrum-effect relationship. The correlation between the 22 components of Trichosanthes extract and antithrombotic efficacy was different and showed dose-effect relationship. Cytosine, uracil, guanine, hypoxanthine, xanthine, adenine, guanosine, and adenosine are the main antithrombotic components of Trichosanthes extract. The ratio of cytosine, uracil, guanine, hypoxanthine, xanthine, adenine, guanosine and adenosine was 3∶12∶10∶5∶2∶8∶13∶14. Compared with the model group, the thrombus dry weight of each effective components group could be effectively reduced (P<0.01 or P<0.05), but there was no significant difference between each effective components group and the Trichosanthes extract group. Compared with the model group, the TXB2 content in group (0.06 g·kg-1, 0.03 g·kg-1) could be effectively reduced (P<0.01 or P<0.05), and the content of 6-keto-PGF1α could be increased in each group (P<0.01), and the TXB2/6-keto-PGF1α tended to be normal and showed a dose-effect relationship. The effect was better than that in the Trichosanthes extract group (0.45 g·kg-1) (P<0.01). The effective ingredients group has a good antithrombotic effect, its mechanism is to inhibit platelet aggregation and improve vascular endothelial function.

19.
Chinese Journal of Disease Control & Prevention ; (12): 345-350, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777973

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the water quality of self-supply wells in four provinces of northern China (Heilongjiang, Beijing, Inner Mongolia and Tibet), so as to provide a reference for supervision and management of self-supply wells. Methods Water were sampled from 233 self-supply wells in four northern provinces of China according to standard examination methods for drinking water (GB/T 5750-2006). In total, The samples were tested for 27 kinds of water quality parameters involving sensory properties, chemistry, bacteriology and toxicology, and then evaluated. Results The total unqualified rate of water quality in self-supply well water in four northern provinces of China was 52.36%. The water quality varied greatly among provinces. As for Heilongjiang, the main unqualified indicators of self-supply wells water involved turbidity, visible to the naked eye, manganese, arsenic and nitrate. In relation to Beijing, these referred to the nitrate and microorganism. In case of Inner Mongolia province, these included sulfate and fluoride. With reference to Tibet, these were zinc and chloride. Conclusions To ensure the safety of drinking water for residents, the management, disinfection and purifying measures of self-supply wells should be strengthened basing on their regional differences and water quality characteristics.

20.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 114-119, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774118

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the risk factors for brain injury in preterm infants by a multicenter epidemiological investigation of brain injury in hospitalized preterm infants in Anhui, China.@*METHODS@#Preterm infants who were hospitalized in the department of neonatology in 9 hospitals of Anhui Neonatal Collaboration Network between January 2016 and January 2017 were enrolled as subjects. The data of maternal pregnancy and clinical data of preterm infants were collected, and the logistic regression model was used to analyze the risk factors for brain injury in preterm infants.@*RESULTS@#A total of 3 378 preterm infants were enrolled. Of the 3 378 preterm infants, 798 (23.56%) had periventricular-intraventricular hemorrhage (PVH-IVH), and 88 (2.60%) had periventricular leukomalacia (PVL). Intrauterine distress, anemia, hypoglycemia and necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) were risk factors for PVH-IVH (OR=1.310, 1.591, 1.835, and 3.310 respectively; P<0.05), while a higher gestational age was a protective factor against PVH-IVH (OR=0.671, P<0.05). PVH-IVH, NEC and mechanical ventilation were risk factors for PVL (OR=4.017, 3.018, and 2.166 respectively; P<0.05), and female sex and use of pulmonary surfactant were protective factors against PVL (OR=0.514 and 0.418 respectively; P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Asphyxia/anoxia, infection/inflammation, mechanical ventilation, anemia and hypoglycemia may increase the risk of brain injury in preterm infants.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Brain Injuries , Cerebral Hemorrhage , China , Gestational Age , Infant, Premature , Leukomalacia, Periventricular
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