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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887966

ABSTRACT

Indigo Naturalis has a long history of medicinal use with particularity and complexity in its processing. Before the Ming dynasty,Indigo Naturalis was extracted from the top layer of zymotic fluid,called " purified Indigo Naturalis". In modern processing,the precipitate " crude Indigo Naturalis" is dried to produce Indigo Naturalis after impurity removal. The form of Indigo Naturalis slices has undergone significant changes in ancient and modern times. In view of this,the quality comparison between crude Indigo Naturalis and purified Indigo Naturalis was conducted in this study with modern analytical techniques. Firstly,chemical composition was analyzed with UPLC-Q-TOF-MS,and the chemical composition of scent with HS-SPME/GC-MS/MS. The content of indigo,indirubin,total ash,and water-soluble extract was determined as well as the inorganic composition in crude Indigo Naturalis and purified Indigo Naturalis. Then,their microscopic morphology was observed and the surface element composition was investigated. Finally,the antipyretic activities of crude Indigo Naturalis and purified Indigo Naturalis were compared in the fever rat model induced by lipopolysaccharide and 2,4-dinitrophenol. The results demonstrated that the purified Indigo Naturalis had a faster and more lasting antipyretic effect,while the crude Indigo Naturalis had almost no antipyretic effect. This study is of great significance to the research on processing technology of Indigo Naturalis and provides reference for the formulation of its quality standards,production specifications and calibration procedures.


Subject(s)
Animals , Indigo Carmine , Indigofera , Plant Extracts , Rats , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-663459

ABSTRACT

Heteroatom doping is an effective way to elevate the fluorescent performance of carbon dots. In this study, a microwave one-pot approach for the synthesis of SiBCDs was proposed by using citric acid ( C6 H8 O7 ) , boric acid ( H3 BO3 ) and (3-aminopropyl) triethoxy sliane ( APTES) as source materials. PAAS-SiBCDs were prepared with the assistance of microwave when sodium polyacrylate ( PAAS) was added in the precursor of SiBCDs. The products were characterized by X-ray diffraction ( XRD ) , X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy ( XPS ) and Fourier transform infrared ( FT-IR ) spectra, respectively, confirming that the product was amorphous CDs, with small amount of Si and B. The synthesized SiBCDs had good monodispersity with size of 4-8 nm, the average size of PAAS-SiBCDs was 5. 2 nm, and the excitation/emission maximum was 350 nm/445 nm. The quantum yield of SiBCDs was 20. 1%, and that of PAAS-SiBCDs was 34. 6%. Based on the quenching effect of hemoglobin ( Hb ) on the fluorescence PAAS-SiBCDs, a sensitive Hb detection method was developed. A linear range of 0. 21-5. 22 μmol/L was obtained together with a detection limit of 0. 06 μmol/L. The method was applied in the determination of Hb in human blood samples.

3.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 323-334, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-331651

ABSTRACT

Ion channels and transporters represent two major types of pathways of transmembrane transport for ions. Distinct from ion channels which conduct passive ionic diffusion, ion transporters mediate active transport of ions. In the perspective of biochemistry, ion transporters are enzymes that catalyze the movement of ions across the plasma membrane. In the present review, we selected the Na(+)/HCO3(-) cotransporter (NBC) as an example to analyze the key biochemical and biophysical properties of ion transporters, including stoichiometry, turnover number and transport capacity. Moreover, we provided an analysis of the electrophysiological principles of NBC based on the laws of thermodynamics. Based on the thermodynamical analysis, we showed how the stoichiometry of an NBC determines the direction of its ion transport. Finally, we reviewed the methodology for experimental determination of the stoichiometry of NBC, as well as the physiological significance of the stoichiometry of NBCs in specific tissues.


Subject(s)
Electrophysiological Phenomena , Ion Transport , Sodium-Bicarbonate Symporters
4.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 398-414, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-297477

ABSTRACT

HCO3(-) reabsorption in the renal tubules plays a critically important role in maintaining the global acid-base balance. Loss of HCO3(-) causes metabolic acidosis. Proximal renal tubule is the major site for HCO3(-) reabsorption, accounting for more than 80% of total HCO3(-) reabsorption along the nephron. Over the past more than half centuries, tremendous progresses have been made on understanding the molecular mechanisms underlying the HCO3(-) reabsorption in proximal tubules. The transepithelial movement of HCO3(-) involves the coordinated operation of machineries on both the apical and the basolateral membranes of the epithelial cells. On the apical domain, Na(+)-H(+) exchanger NHE3 and the vacuolar H(+)-ATPase are two major pathways mediating the apical uptake of HCO3(-)-related species. Taken together, NHE3 and H(+)-ATPase are responsible for about 80% of HCO3(-) reabsorption in the proximal tubule. The remaining 20% is likely mediated by pathways yet to be characterized. On the basolateral membrane, NBCe1 represents the only major known pathway mediating the extrusion of HCO3(-) coupled with Na(+) into the interstitial space. In the present article, we provide a historical view about the studies on the mechanisms of HCO3(-) reabsorption since 1940s. Moreover, we summarize the latest progresses emerging over the past decade in the physiological as well as pathological roles of acid-base transporters underlying the HCO3(-) reabsorption in proximal tubules.


Subject(s)
Acidosis , Animals , Bicarbonates , Metabolism , Humans , Kidney Tubules, Proximal , Sodium-Hydrogen Exchangers , Physiology , Vacuolar Proton-Translocating ATPases , Physiology
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-313773

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe X-ray features of before and after treatment of cervical imbalance syndrome with osteopathy and traction intervention in youth patients, then to investigate the clinical effect of the treatment of the cervical imbalances syndrome in youth by osteopathy.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From September 2007 to December 2010, one hundred and eighty-seven students of 19 to 22 years (means 21 years) with neck pain as the main symptom in Beijing university of Chinese medicine were selected and divide them into osteopathy group and traction groups randomly. In osteopathy group, there were 94 patients including 40 males and 54 females; in traction group, there were 93 patients including 42 males and 51 females. The treatment of osteopathy group lasted for 3 weeks,three times per week; traction group by traction treatment three weeks,three times a week, too. X-ray before treatment and 3 weeks after treatment were collected.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The osteopathy group:94 cases, before treatment, abnormal curvature in 57 cases, spinous position change in 45 cases and angular displacement in 44 cases, vertebral sliding in 15 cases, Ruth Jackson line intersect proneness change in 70 cases,stretch change in 47 cases; after treatment, abnormal curvature in 35 cases, spinous position change in 24 cases and angular displacement in 18 cases, vertebral sliding in 3 cases, Ruth Jackson line intersect proneness change in 41 cases, extension change in 33 cases; X-Ray measurement results: cervical curvature improved from (7.070 +/- 4.629) degrees before treatment to (7.660 +/- 4.156) degrees after treatment, angular displacement improved from (13.790 +/- 2.590) degrees before treatment to (11.050 +/- 2.560) degrees after treatment; vertebral sliding improved from (3.770 +/- 0.350) mm before treatment to (3.160 +/- 0.485) mm after treatment. The change of angular displacement and vertebral sliding were so significant before and after treatment in this group, there were statistical defferences between before and after the treatment (P < 0.01) in osteopathy group. The traction group: 93 cases, before treatment,abnormal curvature in 60 cases, spinous position change in 39 cases and angular displacement in 39 cases, vertebral sliding in 15 cases, Ruth Jackson line intersect proneness change in 70 cases, stretch in 47 cases; after treatment,abnormal curvature in 50 cases, spinous position change in 29 cases and angular displacement in 17 cases; vertebral sliding in 3 cases, Ruth Jackson line intersect proneness change in 41 cases, stretch in 33 cases; X-Ray measurement results: cervical curvature improved from (5.590 +/- 4.639) degrees before treatment to (5.990 +/- 4.330) degrees after treatment, angular displacement improved from (13.360 +/- 2.064) degrees before treatment to (11.210 +/- 1.872) degrees after treatment; vertebral sliding improved from (3.790 +/- 0.339) mm before treatment to (3.480 +/- 0.332) mm after treatment. The change of angular displacement and vertebral sliding were also so significant in traction group before and after treatment, there were statistical defferences between before and after the treatment (P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>(1) Pathological changes can be called youth cervical imbalance syndrome. (2) Stress points, angular displacement, cervical vertebral slip, curvature straightened, spinous position change are main X-ray performances. (3) Both osteopathy and traction intervention on are efficient in youth neck pain. (4) Youths cervical vertebra imbalance is early but reversible performance.</p>


Subject(s)
Cervical Vertebrae , Diagnostic Imaging , Female , Humans , Joint Instability , Diagnostic Imaging , Therapeutics , Male , Radiography , Spinal Diseases , Diagnostic Imaging , Therapeutics , Traction , X-Rays , Young Adult
6.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 729-740, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-333147

ABSTRACT

Na⁺/HCO₃⁻ cotransporter NBCe1 is an electrogenic member of the solute carrier 4 (SLC4) family and plays important roles in intracellular pH regulation as well as transepithelial HCO₃⁻ movement. The physiological and pathological significance of NBCe1 has been well established by genetic studies with humans as well as knock-out study with mouse. NBCe1 is expressed in diverse tissues in mammals. The transporter plays an essential role in the maintenance of acid-base homeostasis in our body, being responsible for more ~80% of HCO₃⁻ reabsorption in the proximal renal tubule. In humans, a number of SLC4A4 mutations have been associated with proximal renal tubule acidosis that is often accompanied with short stature, ocular abnormalities (including cataract, glaucoma, and band keratopathy), migraine, and/or defects in dental enamel development. In the present article, we review the molecular physiology, the structure/function relationship, the mechanisms underlying the functional regulation of NBCe1, as well as the physiological and pathological roles of the transporter.


Subject(s)
Acid-Base Equilibrium , Acidosis, Renal Tubular , Genetics , Animals , Humans , Mice , Mutation , Sodium-Bicarbonate Symporters , Genetics , Physiology
7.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 487-491, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-261968

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the safety of human umbilical cord derived-mesenchymal stem cell (UC-MSC) transplantation therapy in patients with decompensated liver cirrhosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>UC-MSCs were transplanted intravenously into patients with decompensated liver cirrhosis. Serum levels of glucose (GLU), total cholesterol (TC), blood urea nitrogen (BUN), alpha fetoprotein (AFP), white blood cells (WBC), and prothrombin activity (PA) were detected at different time points after UC-MSCs transplantation.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Most UC-MSC transplanted patients experienced an improvement in quality of life, to varying degrees. With the exception of low-grade fever in a few patients, side effects and oncogenic events were rare (treatment group: 1/38 vs. control group: 1/16; P more than 0.05). The UC-MSCs transplantation showed no effect on GLU, TC, BUN, AFP, WBC, or PA.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>UC-MSCs transplantation in patients with decompensated liver cirrhosis is safe and may improve the patient's quality of life.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Cord Blood Stem Cell Transplantation , Female , Humans , Liver Cirrhosis , General Surgery , Male , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation , Middle Aged , Prospective Studies
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-248895

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the temperature distribution of both sides of shoulder, provide objective reference for the application thermoview in the diagnosis of cervicodynia in teenagers.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Forty-five adolescents with cervicodynias from March 2009 to December 2009 were collected. There were 23 males and 22 females, with an average age of 21 years (ranged from 19 to 22 years). The course of disease ranged from 2 to 20 weeks (averaged 13 weeks). C7 horizontal line were used to divide the back into the neck area and shoulders area, and the midline to subdivide the chosen area into left and right area. Thermal infrared imaging was used to observe the temperature both sides of neck and shoulders, the data was analyzed by the computer.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The temperature of shoulder was higher than neck. There were significant differences in the highest and average temperature both of the left and right side of neck and shoulder (P < 0.05), but no difference in the lowest temperature both of left and right side of neck.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The thermal infrared imaging is important for diagnosing cervical imbalance syndrome, finding the sign of abnormal muscle metabolism of shoulder and providing the basis for prevention.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Body Temperature , Female , Humans , Infrared Rays , Male , Neck , Neck Pain , Diagnosis , Shoulder , Young Adult
9.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 613-616, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-353605

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the surface antigen of the dendritic cells (DC) and their Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) expression in patients with idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP), and to explore their role in ITP pathogenesis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The peripheral blood mononuclear cells isolated from complete remission patients (CR), non-complete remission patients (n-CR) and normal controls were stimulated by rhGM-CSF and rhIL-4. The surface antigen of the DC was analyzed by flow cytometry. The level of IL-12p70 in the supernatant was detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. The expression of TLR4 mRNA of DC was detected by real time PCR.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In the 21 CR ITP patients, the expression of both CD80 and CD86 in DC was significantly increased compared with that in normal controls \[(51.60 ± 13.47)% vs (36.03 ± 15.43)%, (61.50 ± 15.93)% vs (40.28 ± 11.49)%, respectively\] (P < 0.01). The expression of CD80 and CD86 in n-CR group was also significantly increased \[(53.29 ± 19.49)% and (62.91 ± 18.43)%, respectively\] (P < 0.01). After HD-DXM treatment, both CD80 and CD86 in CR patients were decreased (P < 0.01). There was no difference between the DXM treatment patients and the normal controls. In n-CR group, there was no difference in CD80 and CD86 expression before and after DXM therapy \[(52.30 ± 20.98% and (49.79 ± 20.28)%, respectively\] (P > 0.05). CD80 was still higher than normal (P < 0.05), while CD86 was not changed. The level of IL-12p70 in CR ITP patients before treatment was significantly higher \[(67.52 ± 14.43) pg/ml\] than that of the controls \[(39.78 ± 10.03) pg/ml\](P < 0.01), and after treatment, was significantly decreased to (43.90 ± 8.49) pg/ml, being no difference from that in control. In n-CR group, IL-12p70 was lower after treatment \[(48.45 ± 9.68) pg/ml\] than that before treatment \[(65.35 ± 12.52) pg/ml\] (P < 0.01), but still higher than that in control (P < 0.05). The TLR4 mRNA level in DCs of CR ITP patients before treatment were significantly higher 0.69 ± 0.17 than that of controls (0.31 ± 0.09) (P < 0.01) and after treatment, was reduced to 0.35 ± 0.11, being no difference from that in control. In n-CR group, TLR4 mRNA was decreased from 0.65 ± 0.09 to 0.52 ± 0.21 after treatment (P < 0.01), but still higher than normal (P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>DC may play an important role in ITP by their Toll-like receptor and cytokine secretion.</p>


Subject(s)
Dendritic Cells , Allergy and Immunology , Humans , Interleukin-12 , Metabolism , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic , Allergy and Immunology , Toll-Like Receptor 4
10.
Chinese Journal of Cancer ; (12): 980-987, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-296328

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE</b>Pyrazolone derivatives were reported to have a potent cytotoxicity against some tumor cells. In the present study, we evaluated the cytotoxic activity of a series of pyrazolone derivatives against four human tumor cell lines including HepG2, OVCAR3, KB, and multidrug resistance (MDR) KBv200 cell lines in vitro and in vivo. Additionally, the structure-activity relationships of these compounds were discussed.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>To analyze the antiproliferative potential of the synthesized compounds against several human tumor cell lines, the 50% inhibitory concentration (IC50) values were determined by MTT assay. Besides, the KBv200 cell xenograft experimental model was established and the sensitivity to the pyrazolone compounds was compared between drug-sensitive parental KB cells and MDR KBv200 cells.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Of 13 compounds screened, compound 9 presented remarkable anticancer effects, of which IC50 values were (3.24 ± 0.28), (2.58 ± 0.61), (3.81 ± 0.02), and (3.45 ± 0.03) μg/mL in HepG2, OVCAR3, KB and MDR KBv200 cells, respectively (P > 0.05). Furthermore, compound 9 effectively inhibited tumor growth of KBv200 cell xenografts in vivo, the inhibition ratio was 25.37%, 38.43%, and 47.50% for 1.5 mg/kg, 3 mg/kg, and 6 mg/kg of compound 9 groups, respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Compound 9 was the most promising antitumor agent in this study.</p>


Subject(s)
ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily B, Member 1 , Metabolism , Animals , Antineoplastic Agents , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic , Pharmacology , Cell Proliferation , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Drug Resistance, Multiple , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Female , Hep G2 Cells , Humans , Inhibitory Concentration 50 , KB Cells , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mice, Nude , Neoplasm Transplantation , Ovarian Neoplasms , Pathology , Pyrazolones , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Structure-Activity Relationship , Tumor Burden , Vincristine , Pharmacology
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-332429

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the characteristic of NK cells and NKT cells in HBV infected pediatric subjects for evaluation of their clinical implication.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Fresh peripheral blood samples were obtained from 42 HBV-infected pediatric cases and 15 healthy counterparts. NK cells and NKT cells were analyzed by flow cytometry assay. The clinical data such as serum ALT level and HBV viral load was simultaneously recorded from each HBV carrier.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>HBV-infected children had an obviously increasing percentage of NK cells 12.071% +/- 7.100%, there were significant differences between the children with chronic B hepatitis and the healthy children (P <0.05). As far as percentage of NKT 3.048% +/- 1.937% was concerned, there were not differences. Furthermore the association was not found between serum HBV viral load level and the NK lymphocyte.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Our data may provide valuable information of NK and NKT lymphocyte for evaluation of disease progression of HBV infected children NKI cells.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Cells, Cultured , Child , Female , Hepatitis B virus , Allergy and Immunology , Physiology , Hepatitis B, Chronic , Allergy and Immunology , Virology , Humans , Killer Cells, Natural , Allergy and Immunology , Male , Natural Killer T-Cells , Allergy and Immunology
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-324296

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the effect and mechanism of compound Rhizoma Coptidis capsule (CRCC) on diabetic nephropathy in experimental rats.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The rat model of early diabetic nephropathy was induced by injection of streptozotocin (STZ). The rats were divided into 6 groups: normal control group, model group, 3 CRCC treatment groups and XKW treatment group. The fasting blood glucose (FBG), blood urea nitrogen (BUN), creatinine (Cr), insulin (Ins) and urinary protein (Upro) were tested 30 days later. The expression of transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) and type IV collagen (IV-C) proteins and the pathological changes in renal tissue of diabetic rats with nephropathy were observed by optical micrography.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>CRCC could reduce the levels of FBG, BUN, Cr, Upro and the expression of TGF-beta1 and IV-C proteins, and alleviate pathological lesion in renal tissue of diabetic rats with nephropathy.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>CRCC may protect the renal function and slow down the progression of diabetic nephropathy in rats by suppressing the expression of TGF-beta1 and IV-C proteins in renal tissue.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Collagen Type IV , Metabolism , Diabetic Nephropathies , Metabolism , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Gene Expression Regulation , Immunohistochemistry , Kidney , Metabolism , Pathology , Male , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Transforming Growth Factor beta1 , Metabolism
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-254057

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To verify the rate of diagnostic fitting between the clinic and the indentification-aided for diagnosis and differential diagnosis system, for emerging infections diseases (EID) established.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>314 cases of 49 kinds of contagious diseases diagnosed and another 186 patients with fever who not diagnosed were tested by the system.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Preliminary verification was made in 314 cases diagnosed which classified to 49 kinds of contagious diseases of infectious diseases and the results showed that the coincidence rate of clinical diagnosis and first diagnosis of this system was 61.9%; the suggestive rate of first three diagnoses was 78.1%, and that of first five diagnoses was 86.6%. The diagnosis of another 186 patients with fever were diagnosed by the system and the results showed that the coincidence rate of clinical diagnosis and first diagnosis was 59.7%; the suggestive rate of first three diagnoses was 77.9%, and that of first five diagnoses was 85.4%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The system can accurately suggest impossible diagnosis and differential diagnosis, and be useful for our medical work.</p>


Subject(s)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques , Communicable Diseases, Emerging , Diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Evaluation Studies as Topic , Fever , Humans , Software
14.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 89-92, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-348162

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the inhibitory effect of Oridonin injection on heterotransplanted tumors of human gastric adenocarcinoma cell line BGC823 cells in nude mice and explore its mechanism.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Heterotransplanted models of human gastric adenocarcinoma cell line BGC823 cells in nude mice were established. They were divided at random into three groups as control group, low-dose group and high-dose group. The Oridonin solution at concentration of 37.5 mg x kg(-1 x d(-1) and 75 mg x kg(-1) x d(-1) were injected to the mice in low-dose group and high-dose group, respectively, and 0.9% sodium chloride was injected to the mice of control group per day for 10 days sequentially. The mice of the three groups were sacrificed at 11th day after the first injection of Oridonin. The tumor weight of the sacrificed mice was measured. Morphological and ultrastructural examinations of the tumors were carried out by light and electron microscopy. The expression of bcl-2, Bax, Fas and FasL was detected by immunohistochemistry.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Oridonin injection showed a suppressive effect on the growth of heterotransplanted tumors in the nude mice. The tumor growth inhibition rates were 48.5% and 70.7% in the low-dose and high-dose groups, respectively. The morphological study demonstrated that tumor cells displayed a typical appearance of apoptosis. The expression of bcl-2 was down-regulated, while Bax, Fas and FasL were up-regulated.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Oridonin can markedly inhibit the growth of heterotransplanted human gastric adenocarcinoma in nude mice. It was due, at least in part, to the induction of apoptosis in cancer cells.</p>


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma , Metabolism , Pathology , Animals , Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic , Pharmacology , Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Diterpenes, Kaurane , Pharmacology , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Fas Ligand Protein , Metabolism , Humans , Injections , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mice, Nude , Neoplasm Transplantation , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 , Metabolism , Random Allocation , Stomach Neoplasms , Metabolism , Pathology , bcl-2-Associated X Protein , Metabolism , fas Receptor , Metabolism
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-248813

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the influence of the model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) results in 409 cases with liver cirrhosis and severe hepatitis and compare with Child-Pugh scoring system.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The data of 409 patients with liver cirrhosis and severe hepatitis were collected and analyzed by using the Child-Pugh and MELD scoring systems, and Chiss statistical software was applied.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There is a statistical significance between either results of MELD of group A, B, C, D; there is a statistical significance between either group in total serum bilirubin and creatinine, but not in INR.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The changes in total serum bilirubin and creatinine can influence the result significantly, not the INR, and a better way to predict the prognosis of severe liver disease may be application of MELD combined with clinical experience.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Bilirubin , Blood , Creatinine , Blood , Female , Hepatitis , Blood , Diagnosis , Humans , Liver Cirrhosis , Blood , Diagnosis , Liver Failure , Blood , Diagnosis , Male , Middle Aged , Models, Statistical , Young Adult
16.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 758-761, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-316308

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the expression and significance of HSP27, HSP60, HSP70 and HSP90 alpha in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) and tissues along the incision margin (TIM).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The presence and the level of expression of HSP27, HSP60, HSP70 and HSP90 alpha were determined in 168 specimens from ESCC and 42 from tissues along TIM by EnVision immunohistochemistry and Western blotting, to compare their positive staining rates and explore the correlation between their expressions and clinicopathologic features in ESCC.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The positive staining rates of HSP27, HSP60, HSP70 and HSP90 alpha in ESCC and TIM were 62.0% and 42.1%, 92.7% and 63.2%, 57.9% and 22.2%, and 33.7% and 18.5%, respectively. There was very significant difference between the expression of HSP60 and HSP70 in ESCC and TIM (P < 0.01), but not significant about HSP27 and HSP90 alpha (P > 0.05). The positive staining rate of HSP27 declined with the lower grade of differentiation of ESCC (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The present findings suggest that the expression of HSPs of different molecular weight in ESCC and TIM is a common event. The level of expressions of HSP60 and HSP70 are higher than those in TIM. HSP60 and HSP70 expression correlated with the biological behavior of ESCC. The expression of HSP27 was positively correlated to the grade of differentiation of ESCC. Overexpression of HSP27 may be associated to the differentiation of squamous cell carcinoma.</p>


Subject(s)
Blotting, Western , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Metabolism , Pathology , Cell Differentiation , Chaperonin 60 , Metabolism , Chi-Square Distribution , Esophageal Neoplasms , Metabolism , Pathology , Esophagus , Chemistry , Pathology , HSP27 Heat-Shock Proteins , HSP70 Heat-Shock Proteins , Metabolism , HSP90 Heat-Shock Proteins , Metabolism , Heat-Shock Proteins , Metabolism , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Lymphatic Metastasis , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Neoplasm Proteins , Metabolism
17.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 252-256, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-271465

ABSTRACT

<p><b>AIM</b>To study the effect of uvarigrin on mitochondrial dependent pathway during the apoptosis induced by it in MDR KBv200 cells and their parental sensitive KB cells.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>MTT assay was used to detect the cytotoxic effect of uvarigrin on KBv200 and KB cells. Annexin V FITC staining identified uvarigrin-induced apoptosis in KBv200 and KB cells. These cells underwent incubation with DCFH-DA, or DiOC6, followed by flowcytometry for the measurement of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and mitochondrial membrane potential (deltapsim), respectively. The Western blotting analysis was performed on Caspase-9 activation.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Uvarigrin inhibited the growth of KBv200 cells and KB cells in vitro. Most of the uvarigrin-induced cells death was found to be due to apoptosis, as determined by Annexin V FITC staining. During the apoptosis, the level of ROS increased while the level of deltapsim decreased in a time-dependent manner. Uvarigrin triggered Caspase-9 activation.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Uvarigrin induced apoptosis in KBv200 cells and KB cells probably through a mitochondria-dependent pathway.</p>


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic , Pharmacology , Apoptosis , Caspase 9 , Metabolism , Cell Proliferation , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Drug Resistance, Multiple , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Furans , Pharmacology , Humans , KB Cells , Lactones , Pharmacology , Membrane Potentials , Mitochondria , Physiology , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Reactive Oxygen Species , Metabolism , Uvaria , Chemistry
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-249197

ABSTRACT

Maintaining genetic diversity is a major issue in conservation biology. In this study, we demonstrate the differences of genetic diversity levels between wild and captive individuals of Elliot's Pheasant Syrmaticus ellioti. Wild individuals showed a higher genetic diversity level than that of the captive individuals. Nucleotide diversity and haplotype diversity of wild individuals were 0.00628 and 0.993, while those of captive individuals were 0.00150 and 0.584 respectively. Only 3 haplotypes of mtDNA control region sequence were identified among 36 captive individuals, while 16 unique haplotypes were identified among the 17 wild individuals in this study. One captive haplotype was shared by a wild individual from Anhui Province. It is concluded that a low number of founders was the likely reason for the lower level genetic diversity of the captive group. Careful genetic management is suggested for captive populations, particularly of such an endangered species, to maintain genetic variability levels.


Subject(s)
Animals , Animals, Wild , Genetics , Animals, Zoo , Genetics , Base Sequence , DNA, Mitochondrial , Genetics , Galliformes , Genetics , Genetic Variation , Genetics , Haplotypes , Molecular Sequence Data , Polymorphism, Genetic , Genetics
19.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 565-570, 2003.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-266636

ABSTRACT

<p><b>AIM</b>Annonaceous acetogenin 89-2 was obtained from atemoya plant. To investigate the effect of 89-2 on experimental chemotherapy against xenografts derived from multidrug resistant KBv200 cells and parental drug-sensitive KB cells.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Cytotoxicity was determined by tetrazolium (MTT) assay. The models of KB and KBv200 xenografts in nude mice were established to investigate the effect of 89-2 on experimental chemotherapy against cancer in vivo. Mechanistic experiments were conducted to examine the function of P-gp by Fura 2-AM assay.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The compound 89-2 showed potent cytotoxicity in KBv200 and KB cells, and the mean IC50 of 89-2 to KBv200 and KB cells was 48.7 and 64.6 nmol.L-1, respectively. The IC50 of 89-2 to multidrug resistant (MDR) cells was similar to that to the parental drug-sensitive cells (P < 0.05). In the models of KBv200 and KB cell xenografts in nude mice, 89-2 (0.90 mg.kg-1, q2d x 6) exhibited 52.3% and 56.5% in inhibiting the growth of xenografts, respectively. The toxicity was endurable. The intracellular accumulation of Fura-2 in KBv200 cells increased to 1.66, 2.03, and 2.74-fold, respectively, by addition of 12.8, 64 and 320 nmol.L-1 of 89-2.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Both MDR KBv200 cells and parental drug-sensitive KB cells were sensitive to the treatment of 89-2 in vitro and in vivo. The mechanism of overcoming MDR was associated with the decrease of P-gp function MDR cells.</p>


Subject(s)
4-Butyrolactone , Pharmacology , ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily B, Member 1 , Metabolism , Animals , Annona , Chemistry , Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic , Therapeutic Uses , Cell Division , Disease Models, Animal , Drug Resistance, Multiple , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Fatty Alcohols , Pharmacology , Humans , KB Cells , Male , Mice , Mice, Nude , Neoplasm Transplantation , Neoplasms, Experimental , Drug Therapy , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-685147

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the drug resistance genes of extended-spectrum beta- lactamase-producing bacteria in 49 strains.Methods Extended-spectrum ?-lactamase -producing strains were detected by the disc diffusion test.The techniques of polymerase chain reaction,sequence analysis, pulsed-field gel electrophoresis were used to analyze the genotype and homology of extended-spectrum ?- lactamase-producing strains.Results The incidence of ESBL-producing strains from E.coli,K pneumoniae,K oxytoca,was 20% in 2000,and 40% in 2003.Among the 49 ESBLs producers the most common genotype was CTX-M-14( n=33).The others were CTX-M-3,CTX-M-9,CTX-M-12,CTX-M-15, CTX-M-24 and SHVSa.Both two CTX-M subtypes,CTX-M-3 and CTX-M-14,were detected in one strain. However,4 ESBL-producing strains confirmed by phenotype remained untyped.The results showed that the ESBLs producers were not closely related,except for two strains of E.coli and two strains of K.pneumoniae which were homgenic respectively.Concolusions The incidence of ESBL-producing strains increases with years.The most common genotype of ESBLs is CTX-M.There is no evidence for epidemiologic spread of ESBL-producers by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis.

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