Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 20
Filter
1.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 232-238, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970186

ABSTRACT

Objective: To examine the feasibility and surgical approach of removing type D trigeminal schwannoma through nasal cavity and nasal sinus under endoscope. Methods: Eleven patients with trigeminal schwannoma who were treated in the Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Qilu Hospital of Shandong University from December 2014 to August 2021 were analyzed retrospectively in this study. There were 7 males and 4 females, aged (47.5±13.5) years (range: 12 to 64 years). The neoplasm involved the pterygopalatine fossa, infratemporal fossa, ethmoidal sinus, sphenoid sinus, cavernous sinus, and middle cranial fossa. The size of tumors were between 1.6 cm×2.0 cm×2.0 cm and 5.7 cm×6.0 cm×6.0 cm. Under general anesthesia, the tumors were resected through the transpterygoid approach in 4 cases, through the prelacrimal recess approach in 4 cases, through the extended prelacrimal recess approach in 2 cases, and through the endoscopic medial maxillectomy approach in 1 case. The nasal endoscopy and imaging examination were conducted to detect whether neoplasm recurred or not, and the main clinical symptoms during follow-up. Results: All the surgical procedures were performed under endonasal endoscope, including Gross total resection in 10 patients. The tumor of a 12-year-old patient was not resected completely due to huge tumor size and limited operation space. One patient was accompanied by two other schwannomas located in the occipital region and the ipsilateral parotid gland region originating from the zygomatic branch of the facial nerve, both of which were removed concurrently. After tumor resection, the dura mater of middle cranial fossa was directly exposed in the nasal sinus in 2 cases, including 1 case accompanied by cerebrospinal fluid leakage which was reconstructed by a free mucosal flap obtained from the middle turbinate, the other case was packed by the autologous fat to protect the dura mater. The operation time was (M(IQR)) 180 (160) minutes (range: 120 to 485 minutes). No complications and deaths were observed. No recurrence was observed in the 10 patients with total tumor resection during a 58 (68) months' (range: 10 to 90 months) follow-up. No obvious change was observed in the facial appearance of all patients during the follow-up. Conclusion: Type D trigeminal schwannoma involving pterygopalatine fossa and infratemporal fossa can be removed safely through purely endoscopic endonasal approach by selecting the appropriate approach according to the size and involvement of the tumor.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Child , Retrospective Studies , Endoscopy/methods , Nasal Cavity/surgery , Neurilemmoma/surgery , Cranial Nerve Neoplasms/surgery
2.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 390-395, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905539

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical effect of chiropractic on nonspecific low back pain (NLBP). Methods:From July, 2016 to January, 2018, 90 patients with NLBP were randomly divided into control group (n = 45) and observation group (n = 45). Both groups accepted core stabilization exercises (CSE) and routine physical therapy, and the observation group received chiropractic additionally. They were treated for four weeks and followed up for six months. Before, and two and four weeks after treatment, and at six-month follow-up, they were evaluated with Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), abdominal and dorsal muscle endurance test (AMET) and waist active range of motion (AROM). Results:Two and four weeks after treatment, the result of VAS, ODI, AMET, and waist AROM improved significantly in both groups (P < 0.05), and they were better in the observation group than in the control group (t > 0.263, P < 0.001). At six-month follow-up, the scores of VAS and ODI improved significantly (P < 0.05), and were better in the observation group than in the control group (t > 5.911, P < 0.001). Conclusion:CSE and routine physical therapy combined with chiropractic could better reduce the pain, improve the dysfunction, and increase the spinal stability for patients with NLBP.

3.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1272-1282, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772154

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) syndrome are highly prevalent respiratory conditions. Their coexistence is referred to as the overlap syndrome. They are both related to pulmonary hypertension (PH) development. This study investigated the effects of OSA on PH in patients with COPD and the associated factors.@*METHODS@#Consecutive patients with stable COPD were recruited for an observational cross-sectional study from September 2016 to May 2018 at Peking University Third Hospital. In total, 106 patients with COPD were enrolled and performed home portable monitoring and echocardiography. OSA was defined by an apnea hypopnea index (AHI) ≥10 events/h. Based on OSA absence or presence, patients were divided into the COPD with OSA and COPD without OSA groups. Factors affecting pulmonary artery pressure (PAP) and PH were identified using univariate analysis and logistic regression models.@*RESULTS@#In the 106 patients with COPD, the mean age was 69.52 years, 91.5% were men, and the mean forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) percentage of predicted was 56.15%. Fifty-six (52.8%) patients with COPD were diagnosed with OSA, and 24 (22.6%) patients with COPD were diagnosed as PH. Compared with COPD without OSA group, the median PAP in COPD with severe OSA group increased by 5 mmHg (36.00 [26.00-50.00] mmHg vs. 31.00 [24.00-34.00] mmHg, P = 0.036). COPD with percent of night-time spent with oxygen saturation below 90% (T90) > 10% group had higher PAP than COPD with T90 ≤ 1% group (36.00 [29.00-50.00)] mmHg vs. 29.00 [25.50-34.00] mmHg, F = 7.889, P = 0.007). Univariate analysis revealed age, FEV1% predicted, T90, and Charlson index had statistically significant effects on PH. Multiple regression analysis showed a significant and independent effect of both FEV1% predicted (odds ratio [OR] = 3.46; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.15-10.46; P = 0.028) and AHI (OR = 3.20; 95% CI: 1.09-19.35; P = 0.034) on PH.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Patients with COPD with OSA are more susceptible to PH, which is associated with declining lung function and increased severity of OSA. Thus, nocturnal hypoxemia and OSA in elderly patients with COPD should be identified and treated.

4.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1272-1282, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800842

ABSTRACT

Background@#Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) syndrome are highly prevalent respiratory conditions. Their coexistence is referred to as the overlap syndrome. They are both related to pulmonary hypertension (PH) development. This study investigated the effects of OSA on PH in patients with COPD and the associated factors.@*Methods@#Consecutive patients with stable COPD were recruited for an observational cross-sectional study from September 2016 to May 2018 at Peking University Third Hospital. In total, 106 patients with COPD were enrolled and performed home portable monitoring and echocardiography. OSA was defined by an apnea hypopnea index (AHI) ≥10 events/h. Based on OSA absence or presence, patients were divided into the COPD with OSA and COPD without OSA groups. Factors affecting pulmonary artery pressure (PAP) and PH were identified using univariate analysis and logistic regression models.@*Results@#In the 106 patients with COPD, the mean age was 69.52 years, 91.5% were men, and the mean forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) percentage of predicted was 56.15%. Fifty-six (52.8%) patients with COPD were diagnosed with OSA, and 24 (22.6%) patients with COPD were diagnosed as PH. Compared with COPD without OSA group, the median PAP in COPD with severe OSA group increased by 5 mmHg (36.00 [26.00–50.00] mmHg vs. 31.00 [24.00–34.00] mmHg, P = 0.036). COPD with percent of night-time spent with oxygen saturation below 90% (T90) > 10% group had higher PAP than COPD with T90 ≤ 1% group (36.00 [29.00–50.00)] mmHg vs. 29.00 [25.50–34.00] mmHg, F = 7.889, P = 0.007). Univariate analysis revealed age, FEV1% predicted, T90, and Charlson index had statistically significant effects on PH. Multiple regression analysis showed a significant and independent effect of both FEV1% predicted (odds ratio [OR] = 3.46; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.15–10.46; P = 0.028) and AHI (OR = 3.20; 95% CI: 1.09–19.35; P = 0.034) on PH.@*Conclusions@#Patients with COPD with OSA are more susceptible to PH, which is associated with declining lung function and increased severity of OSA. Thus, nocturnal hypoxemia and OSA in elderly patients with COPD should be identified and treated.

5.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 52-58, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-327728

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the value of internal carotid artery stenosis in differentiating invasive pituitary adenoma (IPA) from invasive meningiomas (IM). Methods The clinical and imaging data of 28 IPA patients and 15 IM patients who were treated in our center from January 2012 to December 2016 were retrospectively analyzed. The magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features were analyzed. The narrowest diameter (D) and area (A) of internal carotid artery around the tumor were measured by computed tomography angiography (CTA),followed by the calculation of the stenosis score (%). The diagnostic validity of the measured indicators were calculated by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Results The median Ki-67 was 3% (2%-5%) in IPA group,which was significantly higher than that in IM group (1%,1%-2%) (Z=-3.983,P=0.000). The tumor texture showed significant differences between these two groups (P=0.001). While there was no significant difference in the average diameter [(39.63±13.15)mm in IPA group vs. (37.09±16.13)mm in IM group (t=0.518,P=0.607)],the shape (P=0.010),T1WI (P=0.001),signal (P=0.000),post-gadolinium enhancement (P=0.000),separation from normal pituitary (P=0.001),dural tail sign (P=0.000),and skull (P=0.001) showed significant differences. ROC analysis showed that the AUC of Dwas 0.725 (P=0.006),the cut-off was 3.45 mm,the sensitivity was 62.50%,and the specificity was 76.47%;the AUC of Awas 0.737 (P=0.003),the cut-off level was 11.00 mm,the sensitivity was 75.00%,and the specificity was 64.71%;finally,the AUC of %was 0.711 (P=0.013),the cut-off level was 0.306,the sensitivity was 43.75%,and the specificity was 97.06%. Conclusions In addition to the common imaging features,the internal carotid artery stenosis is a valuable tool for differentiating IPA from IM. Three indicators including D,A,and %have moderate diagnostic validity.

6.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 491-495, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-301785

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore clinical effects of manipulative reduction with minimally invasive percutaneous plate osteosynthesis in treating distal tibiofibular fractures.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From 2009 to 2011, 60 patients with distal tibiofibular fractures were treated by manipulative reduction with minimally invasive percutaneous plate osteosynthesis. Among them, there were 32 males and 28 females aged from 14 to 70 years old with an average of 41.22 +/- 2.06. According to AO classification of fractures,5 cases were type A1, 22 cases were type A2,21 cases were type A3 and 12 cases were type C1. Operation time, blood loss,time of callus and fracture healing were observed, Mazur scoring of ankle joint were used to evaluate therapeutic.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Fifty-eight incisions were healed at stage I ,and 2 cases were infected at distal tibial. Operation time was with an average of (62.34 +/- 5.66) min ranged 45 to 90 min;blood loss was 30 to 150 ml with an average of (80.57 +/- 5.59) ml;formation of callus appeared from 4 to 12 weeks,with an average of (8.24 +/- 2.06) weeks, and fracture healing time was from 3 to 6 months, with an average of (4.50 +/- 1.13) months. According to Mazur scoring of ankle joint 40 cases got excellent results, 18 good, and 2 fair.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Manipulative reduction with minimally invasive percutaneous plate osteosynthesis can obtain reliable fixation. It is a good choice of treating distal tibiofibular fractures by protecting blood supply of fractures.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Bone Plates , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Tibial Fractures , General Surgery , Treatment Outcome
7.
Chinese Journal of Plastic Surgery ; (6): 336-340, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-343510

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the optimal surgical timing and treatment of congenital duplication of the thumb in children.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A clinical study was performed on 154 fingers of the 132 patients (including 85 males, 47 females;mean age (1.53 +/- 2.47) years; ranged from 2 months to 13 years). Duplicated thumbs were surgically treated from December 2007 to February 2012. All patients underwent detailed physical examination and radiological assessment. Surgical methods should be selected according to the age, Wassel classification and deformity. The operation steps included resection of the most hypoplastic thumb, followed by skin flap plasty, tendon shift (transplantation) , reconstruction of collateral ligament and articular capsule. 11 cases over the age of 6 underwent osteotomy discretion as appropriate.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 117 fingers of the 104 patients were followed up for an average 36. 7 months (range,6-55 months). We adopted upgrade Tada standard to evaluate the follow-up results as excellent in 77 thumbs, good in 21 thumbs, fair in 15 thumbs and poor in 4 thumbs. Three thumbs appeared secondary angular deformity 2 years after operation and one thumb appeared residual osteoepiphysis in the radial side of metacarpophalangeal joint 3 years after operation. The appearance and the function were almost normal after second operation.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The optimal surgical timing of congenital duplication of thumb should be based on the appearance of thumb ossification center. The surgical timing of Wassel type- I and II should be chosen at 1. 5 years old when the ossification center of distal phalanx appears, Wassel type-III and IV should be chosen at 1 year old when the ossification center of proximal phalanx appears, Wassel type-V and VI should be chosen at 2. 5 years old when the ossification center of metacarpal appears, and Wassel type-VII should be chosen at 2. 5 years old. The surgical method should be selected on individualized principle. The key points are reconstruction of collateral ligament, tendon and articular capsule and correction of ulnar deviation (or radial deviation).</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Hand Deformities , General Surgery , Polydactyly , General Surgery , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Methods , Thumb , Congenital Abnormalities , General Surgery
8.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 244-247, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-315767

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the incidence and severity of pulmonary function impairment in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>In this prospective study, fifty-six patients with bilateral CRSwNP who were scheduled for functional endoscopic sinus surgery during a period from March to June 2010 in the Department of Otolaryngology of Qilu Hospital, were recruited in this study. Routine medical and rhinological examinations such as nasal endoscopy, sinus CT scan, and skin prick tests (SPT) for common inhalant and food allergens, and cytological examination of the paraffin-embedded NP tissues were performed together with a full assessment of the pulmonary functions.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Based on the pulmonary function tests, the rate of patients showing bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR), asthma, and abnormal pulmonery functions were 37.5%, 44.6%, and 53.6%. In patients who did not have a history of lower airway symptoms, the rate of abnormal pulmonary functions was 50.0%, the rate of BHR was 43.2%. There was an increased rate of BHR, asthma and abnormal pulmonary functions in patients with a higher polyp grading score or Lund Mackay CT scan score (polyp grading score: χ(2) were 8.077, 3.989 and 7.445, P < 0.01 or < 0.05. CT scan score: χ(2) were 3.863, 5.380 and 4.309; 4.293, 4.293 and 4.572; 10.572, 13.504 and 13.295, P < 0.01 or < 0.05). The rate of BHR and asthma in patients with positive SPT were higher (P < 0.05). In patients with eosinophils hyperplasia in nasal polyps, the rate of BHR, asthma and abnormal pulmonary functions were higher (χ(2) were 4.065, 5.217 and 3.376, P < 0.05 or P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>There is a high risk of developing lower airway diseases in patients with CRSwNP.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Asthma , Epidemiology , Chronic Disease , Eosinophils , Pathology , Lung , Nasal Polyps , Prospective Studies , Respiratory Function Tests , Sinusitis
9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1740-1746, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-324900

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>The nocturnal nondipping and elevated morning blood pressure (BP) in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) have not yet been well investigated in Chinese patients. This study aimed to describe the BP profile, and to elucidate the relationships between daytime BP and nighttime BP, and between evening BP and morning BP in patients with OSAS.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twenty teaching hospital sleep centers in China were organized by the Chinese Medical Association to participate in this study and 2297 patients were recruited between January 2004 and April 2006. BP assessments were made at four time points (daytime, evening, nighttime and morning) and polysomnography (PSG) was performed and subjects were classified into four groups by their apnea-hypopnea index (AHI): control, n = 213 with AHI < 5; mild, n = 420 with AHI ≥ 5 and < 15; moderate, n = 460 with AHI ≥ 15 and < 30; and severe, n = 1204 with AHI ≥ 30. SPSS 11.5 software package was used for statistical analysis and figure drawing.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All the average daytime, nighttime, evening and morning BPs were positively correlated with AHI and negatively correlated with nadir nocturnal oxygen saturation. The ratios of nighttime/daytime and morning/evening average BP were positively correlated with AHI. The ratio of nighttime/daytime systolic BP became a "reversed BP dipping" pattern until the classification reached severe, while the ratio of nighttime/daytime diastolic BP became reversed at moderate. Similarly, the ratio of morning/evening diastolic BP becomes reversed even at mild.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>OSAS may result in higher BP levels at all four time points. The ratios of nighttime/daytime and morning/evening BP increase with increased AHI. The increasing of diastolic BP, which is inclined to rise more quickly, is not parallel with increasing systolic BP.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Anthropometry , Blood Pressure , Physiology , Hypertension , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive
10.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 34-38, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-313628

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To present the surgical technique and clinical effect of transnasal endoscopic repair of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From 1996 to 2010, 54 patients with CSF rhinorrhea were treated with intranasal endoscopic surgery, including 25 patients with traumatic CSF rhinorrhea, 17 patients with spontaneous CSF rhinorrhea, and 12 patients with iatrogenic CSF rhinorrhea. The temporalis muscle, temporalis fascial, middle turbinate mucosa, nasal septum mucosa, inferior turbinate mucosa, fascia lata, leg muscle, abdominal fat, uncinate process mucosa and sinus mucosa were used to repair the fistulae.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Forty-nine patients were successfully treated after the first operation, 1 after the second attempt, 1 after the third attempt, and 1 was successfully treated at the second operation in other hospital, 1 stopped therapy after an unsuccessful repairing. One patient recurred within one and a half years after operation and stopped therapy. Seven patients developed complications after the operation (high fever in 4, high fever and transient mild coma in 1, epilepsy in 1, pneumocephalus in 1) and were cured afterwards.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Transnasal endoscopic surgery is safe, effective and microinvasive treatment for patients with CSF rhinorrhea, it is the first choice for repairing of CSF rhinorrhea for its high successful rate. Accurate leakage site identification, selection of suitable approach and repairing method are critical to the success of operation.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Cerebrospinal Fluid Rhinorrhea , General Surgery , Endoscopy , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Methods , Retrospective Studies
11.
Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine ; (12): 1680-1684, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-326634

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effects of Compound Danshen Dripping Pill (CDDP) on the structure and functions of sternohyoid muscle in metabolic syndrome (MS) rats, and to study whether it has therapeutic effects on obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twenty-one healthy male SD rats were randomly divided into three groups, i.e., the normal control group (n = 6), the MS group (n = 8), and the CDDP group (n = 7). Rats in the normal control group were routinely fed. High lipid forage was given to rats in the rest two groups. Nine weeks later, CDDP (at the dose of 375 mg/kg) was additionally given to rats in the CDDP group by gastrogavage, and then rats in the CDDP group and the MS group were fed with the same high lipid forage for 12 successive weeks. The content of malondialdehyde (MDA) and the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD) in the sternohyoid muscle were detected in the three groups. The capillary density, capillary-to-fiber ratio (C/F), the section area of type I muscle fiber were detected using myosin-ATPase histochemical assay. The contractile changes of isometric stemohyoid muscles were determined under electric stimulation by different frequencies.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The contents of MDA were obviously lower in the CDDP group than in the MS group, while the activities of SOD, the capillary density, C/F, the section area of type I muscle fiber, the tension of stemohyoid muscle at 10 -60 Hz, and the 1-5 min tension percentages of the stemohyoid muscle were higher in the CDDP group than in the MS group (P < 0.05, P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>CDDP could improve oxidative stress induced intramuscularly microcirculation disturbance and changes of muscular fiber structures of the upper airway muscles, and elevate their contractile functions, thus possibly contributing to favorable effects on OSAHS.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Capillaries , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Metabolic Syndrome , Metabolism , Muscle Contraction , Neck Muscles , Metabolism , Oxidative Stress , Phenanthrolines , Pharmacology , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
12.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 18-22, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-314624

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Epidemiologic studies have shown an independent and definite association between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and hypertension. This study aimed to define the association between daytime blood pressure and severity of OSA in Chinese population in mainland of China.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twenty university hospital sleep centers in mainland of China were invited by the Chinese Medical Association (CMA) to participate in this epidemiologic study and 2297 consecutive patients (aged 18 - 85 years; 1981 males and 316 females) referred to these twenty sleep centers for evaluation of OSA between January 2004 and April 2006 were prospectively enrolled. Nocturnal polysomnography was performed in each patient, and disease severity was assessed based on the apneahypopnea index (AHI). These patients were classfied into four groups: nonapneic control (control, n = 257) with AHI < or = 5 episodes/hour; mild sleep apnea (mild, n = 402) with AHI > 5 and < or = 15 episodes/hour; moderate sleep apnea (moderate, n = 460) with AHI > 15 and < or = 30 episodes/hour and severe sleep apnea (severe, n = 1178) with AHI > 30 episodes/hour. Daytime blood pressure measurements were performed under standardized conditions in each patient at 10 a.m. in office on the day of referring to sleep centers for getting average value. All the patients were requested to quit medications related to blood pressure for three days before the day of assessing.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Both daytime systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure values were significantly related to AHI positively (r = 0.201 and 0.276, respectively; both P values < 0.001) and to nadir nocturnal oxygen saturation negatively (r = -0.215 and -0.277, respectively; both P values < 0.001), which were the parameters of OSA severity. In two special designed mean plots, means of daytime systolic and diastolic blood pressure increased gradually with increasing AHI. Beyond AHI of 61 - 65, this increasing trend reached a plateau.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The results showed that OSA severity was associated with daytime blood pressure until AHI of 61 - 65, providing evidence for early OSA management, especially in OSA patients with concomitant hypertension.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Blood Pressure , Physiology , China , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive , Pathology
13.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 868-870, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-361045

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the operation points of manual reduction for treatment of capitellum fractures of type I and analyze the characteristics of fixation with paper splint.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From April 2000 to February 2008, 27 cases with capitellum fractures of type I were treated by manual reduction of 90 degrees bending elbow and external fixation with paper splint, included 23 males and 4 females aged from 5 to 14 years old (means 8.9 years) with the course from 1 to 23 hours (averaged 5.4 hours). Before treatment all the wounded elbows were swollen and malfunctioned, the X-ray film showed that the fracture fragments of capitellum were separated and upside down displaced in varying degrees. During reduction, the correct restoration point was found and the reduction was correct, continuous and steady, and coordinated the passive movement of forearm and elbow joint, and the 90 degrees bending elbow was fixed by paper splint. All the patients were assessed according to JOA elbow joint function assessment method.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All 27 patients were followed-up for from 6 months to 2 years (averaged 17 months). All the elbow joints were painless, the movement and functions were normal, the elbow joints were stable. After reduction, no complication was found. There were 25 cases with the fracture site reaches or nearly reaches healing of anatomical counterparts, only 2 cases with slight cubitus valgus deformity. According to JOA score 25 cases gained 100 scores and 2 cases gained 97 scores.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>This method has advantage of strong stability, high success rate, firm and easy fixation, without pressure sore and necrosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Elbow , Fracture Fixation , Humeral Fractures , Diagnostic Imaging , General Surgery , Therapeutics , Musculoskeletal Manipulations , Paper , Splints , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
14.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 930-932, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-361020

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the control of instability of paper splints for the treatment of Barton fractures.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From 1998 to 2007, 30 patients with Barton fractures were treated with manual reduction and external fixation with paper splints. Among the patients, 20 patients were male and 10 patients were female, ranging in age from 20 to 68 years, averaged 45.3 years. The course of the disease ranged from 1 to 15 hours, with a mean of 4.2 h. All the patients had a history of trauma. The X-rays showed palm-side distal radius fractures, fractured fragments displacing toward proximal palm and the radius bone sudislocating toward the palm. Anderson assessment method was adopted.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All the patients were followed up ranging from 0.5 to 2 years (12.3 months on average). When clinical healing, the X-ray showed good position in 26 cases, and the fractured fragments on the palm side displaced 1 to 2.5 mm toward palm in 4 cases. Final results : the motion range and function of wrist and forearm recovered completely in 24 patients; the motion range and function of wrist and forearm were limited slightly without hindering daily life in 6 patients. According to Anderson assessment method, 24 patients got an excellent result and 6 good.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>This fixation method possesed such advantages as improving hematoma absorption, reinforcing fixation on the basis of original fixation at any time without pressure sore and necrosis, safe and effective.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , External Fixators , Fracture Fixation , Methods , Fracture Healing , Physiology , Radiography , Radius Fractures , Diagnostic Imaging , General Surgery , Treatment Outcome
15.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 831-833, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-258197

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study and compare the difference on the therapeutical effectiveness between paper splint adduction fixation and plaster abduction fixation in Bennett fracture.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>In the study, seventy outpatient were selected from October 2005 to April 2007, and devided into two groups randomly involving experiment group (35 cases with paper splint adduction fixation) and control group (35 cases with plaster abduction fixation). After the fracture clinical healed and removed fixation, the patients had been followed up 6 months. At the 6th, 8th, 12th, 16th, 20th, 24th week after fracture, the fracture hand had been scored and compared according to Gabriele's score system.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>At the 8th, 12th, 16th and 20th week, the excellent rate of experiment group was higher than control group, there was significant difference (P<0.05) At 6th week and 24th week there was no significant difference (P>0.05). At 8th, 12th, 16th, 20th and 24th week, the functional score of experiment group was higher than control group, there was significant difference (P<0.05); At 6th week there was no significant difference (P>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The paper splint adduction fixation could promote recovery of the hand function in Bennett fracture. In addition, the paper splint adduction fixation is comfortable to recipient. It could be spreaded in clinic as a effective fixation method.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Casts, Surgical , External Fixators , Fracture Fixation , Fracture Healing , Fractures, Bone , Therapeutics , Metacarpal Bones , Wounds and Injuries , Splints , Treatment Outcome
16.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 691-695, 2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-325280

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To review the experience of different surgical construction methods for hypopharyngeal cancer with cervical esophageal invasion.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From 1989 to 2000,forty-eight patients with advanced hypopharyngeal cancer and cervical esophageal invasion were retrospectively reviewed, including 38 males and 10 females. The median age was 54. 3 years old, ranged from 26 to 71 years old. According to UICC 1997 criteria, all the tumors were T4 stage and originated from the pyriform sinus (33), posterior pharyngeal wall (14), postcricoid area (1), there were 28 patients in cN0, 15 in cN1, 5 in cN2 and no distant metastasis. Precise preoperative evaluation was performed with computed tomography scan, barium swallow perspective and biopsy. All the patients received modified neck dissection, including both unilateral (38 patients) and bilateral (10 patients). Pharyngoesophageal defect reconstruction methods were: laryngotracheal flap in 11 patients, pectoralis major musculocutaneous flap in 13, laryngotracheal flap combined with pectoralis major musculocutaneous flap in 6, pectoralis major musculocutaneous flap combined with the split graft in 10, stomach pulling-up in 3, colon interposition in 5 patients. Total laryngectomy was carried out in 8 patients. All patients received radiotherapy postoperatively (dose 55 - 75 Gy).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The cervical lymph node metastasis was found in 20 patients. Pathologic findings showed that well, moderately and lower differentiated squamous cell carcinomas were 18, 24, 6 cases, respectively. The overall 3 and 5 year survival rates were 52.1% (25/48) and 27.3% (12/44), respectively. The 3 and 5 year survival rates in functionally preserved group were 65.2% (15/23) and 33.3% (7/21), while in non functionally preserved group were 40.0% (10/25) and 21.7% (5/23), respectively. Fifteen patients laryngeal functions (voice, respiration and deglutition) were completely restored and 8 patients partially restored (voice and deglutition). The decannulation rate was 65% (15/23). The complication included pharyngeal fistulas in 10 cases and splitting of chest wall in 1 cases.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Combined therapy was the best choice for hypopharyngeal cancer with cervical esophageal invasion. The laryngeal function is preserved as far as possible. The continuity of the pharyngoesophagus was restored by pectoralis major musculocutaneous flap, laryngotracheal flap, or combined with the split graft. Stomach transposition or colon interposition was used while the defect of the esophagus was greater.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Mortality , Pathology , General Surgery , Esophageal Neoplasms , Mortality , General Surgery , Esophagus , Pathology , Hypopharyngeal Neoplasms , Mortality , Pathology , General Surgery , Lymphatic Metastasis , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate
17.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 212-216, 2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-288913

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the feasibility and the related surgical techniques of laryngeal function preservation in surgical treatment of pyriform sinus cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Two hundred and thirty cases (stage I, 6; stage II, 10; stage III, 91; stage IV, 123) with pyriform sinus cancer were treated surgically from 1978 to 1996 in the Department of Otorhinolaryngology of Qilu Hospital of Shandong University. The methods of removing tumor and repairing surgical defects were depended on the extension of lesions. The laryngeal and pharyngeal functions were rebuilt by normal tissue preserved with lesions entirely removed. One hundred and fifty-eight cases were surgically treated with laryngeal functions preserved and 72 cases total laryngectomy. The most of the cases received postoperative radiotherapy.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The overall 3 and 5 year survival rates were 67.4% (155/230) and 48.3% (111/230) respectively. For stage I, the survival rate was 5/6; stage 11, 70.0% (7/10); stage III, 57.1% (52/91) and stage IV, 38.2% (47/123); the 3 and 5 year survival rates in functionally preserved group were 67.7% (107/158) and 50.0% (79/158), while in none functional group were 66.7% (48/72) and 43.1% (31/72), respectively. 75.3% (119/158) patients have laryngeal functions (voice,respiration and deglutition) completely restored and 24.7% (39/ 158) partially restored(voice and deglutition).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The preservative surgery is feasible for the selected pyriform sinus cancer cases. Choosing and following optimum surgical methods is a prerequisite for improving the quality of life of the cases.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , General Surgery , Hypopharyngeal Neoplasms , General Surgery , Larynx , General Surgery , Pharyngectomy , Methods , Survival Rate , Treatment Outcome
18.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 427-430, 2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-288864

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the surgical techniques in surgical treatment of postcricoid carcinoma.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twenty-one cases with postcricoid carcinoma were treated surgically. The TNM stage were as follows: T3NOM0 5 cases, T3N1M0 1 case, T3N2M0 2 cases, T4NOM0 7 cases, T4N1M0 4 cases, T4N2M0 1 case, T4N3M0 1 case. The laryngeal and pharyngeal functions were rebuilt by the remaining tissue when the lesions entirely removed. Ten cases were surgically treated with laryngeal functions preserved and 11 cases with total laryngectomy. Eight cases were received unilateral neck dissection, and 3 cases were received bilateral neck dissection. All the cases received postoperative radiotherapy.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The follow-up interval varied from 60 to 276 months with average interval 96 months. Four cases died of cervical metastasis,3 died of local recurrence, 1 died of cardiopulmonary failure, 2 died of unknown reasons. The overall 3 and 5 year survival rates were 61.9% (13/21) and 52.4% (11/21), respectively. Among 10 cases having laryngeal functions partially restored (voice and deglutition), the postoperative complications included 5 cases of pharyngeal fistula, 3 hypopharyngeal stenosis and 1 severe aspiration.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The preservative surgery is feasible for the selected cases with postcricoid carcinoma. The laryngeal function can be partially restored with lesions entirely removed. The patients can gain satisfied survival rate and quality of life.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Mortality , General Surgery , Cricoid Cartilage , Laryngeal Neoplasms , Mortality , General Surgery , Laryngectomy , Neck Dissection , Survival Rate
19.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 181-182, 2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-271023

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the feasibility and effect of substituting esophagus with stomach or colon without thoracotomy in the treatment of cervical esophageal carcinoma with laryngeal function preserved.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twenty-four patients with cervical esophageal carcinoma were retrospectively reviewed. The esophagus was resected and substituted with 19 gastric pull-up and 5 colon interposition. Nineteen patients received radiotherapy postoperatively (dose 50 - 70 Gy).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Twenty two patients were follow up over 3 years. The 3- and 5-year survival rates for T2 were 3 and 1, for T3, T4 8 and 3, respectively. The laryngeal function preservation rate was 77% (17/24) and the decannulation rate was 75% (12/16). The complication rate was 29%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Surgical resection of cervical esophageal carcinoma with removal of the extraesophageal invaded tissues while preserving the laryngeal function is possible. The continuity of the esophagus is restored by stomach transposition and colon interposition. Combined with radiotherapy, the survival rate and life quality of the patient might be improved.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Esophageal Neoplasms , Mortality , General Surgery , Esophagoplasty , Methods , Follow-Up Studies , Larynx , Quality of Life , Survival Rate , Thoracotomy
20.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 596-598, 2003.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-271070

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the surgical treatment of tonsillar cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twenty-four patients with tonsillar cancer were treated with surgery and postoperative radiotherapy. The choice of surgical procedure was decided on the condition of the lesion. The tumor was resected through the transoral approach, mandibular swing approach, mandibular resection approach or hyoid approach. Surgical defect was repaired by pectoralis major myocutaneous flap, sternohyoid myofascial flap, tongue flap or soft palate flap.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The 3- and 5-year survival rates were 76.0% and 60.8%. Function of chewing, deglutition, respiration and speech was restored well.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Method of total resection of the tonsillar carcinoma through the optimum approach is best chosen according to the condition of the lesion, while preserving the oropharyngeal function. When combined with postoperative radiotherapy, the survival rate and quality of life of patients can be improved.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Palate, Soft , General Surgery , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Survival Rate , Tongue , General Surgery , Tonsillar Neoplasms , Mortality , General Surgery
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL