Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 12 de 12
Filter
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877663

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the clinical effect of acupuncture for the improvements in various dyspeptic symptoms of postprandial distress syndrome.@*METHODS@#The secondary analysis on the data of a multi-center randomized controlled trial (RCT) was conducted. 278 patients with postprandial distress syndrome were randomized into an acupuncture group (138 cases) and a sham-acupuncture group (140 cases). In the acupuncture group, acupuncture was applied to Baihui (GV 20), Danzhong (CV 17), Zhongwan (CV 12), Qihai (CV 6), Neiguan (PC 6), Zusanli (ST 36), etc. In the sham-acupuncture group, 6 sites, neither located on meridians nor belonged to meridian acupoints, were selected and punctured shallowly. The duration of treatment was 20 min each time, 3 times a week, for 4 weeks totally in the two groups. The follow-up visit lasted for 12 weeks. The scores of dyspeptic symptoms were compared between the two groups before treatment, during treatment (in week 1, 2, 3 and 4) and during follow-up (in week 8, 12 and 16) separately.@*RESULTS@#Besides the scores of early satiety and vomiting in the sham-acupuncture group in week 1, the scores of the other dyspepsia symptoms during treatment and follow-up were all reduced in the two groups as compared with those before treatment (@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture remarkably relieves postprandial fullness, early satiety, upper abdominal bloating and belching in patients with postprandial distress syndrome.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Dyspepsia/therapy , Humans , Meridians , Treatment Outcome
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877614

ABSTRACT

Pilot study is essential prerequisite for large-scale research. Acupuncture is a complex intervention measure. The factors of its clinical effect and effect mechanism are complicated. Hence, the resource waste is easily induced in research if the large-scale clinical research is rashly carried out before scientific verification. Currently, there is still a lack of high-quality evidence of clinical research, which affects the promotion and application of the curative effect of acupuncture. The pilot study of acupuncture can evaluate the feasibility and the process coordination of trial, optimize program and process and provide the basis of sample size calculation prior to launching a full-scale trial. Thereby, the methodological quality of acupuncture research and the reliability of trial results can be improved. In the paper, the arguments focus on the definition, design and report of pilot study so as to provide the approaches and references for the design and implementation of pilot study of clinical research of acupuncture.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Pilot Projects , Reproducibility of Results , Research Design , Treatment Outcome
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877544

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To verify the clinical effect of acupuncture on knee osteoarthritis (KOA).@*METHODS@#Forty-two patients with KOA were randomly divided into an acupuncture group (21 cases, 1 case dropped off) and a sham acupuncture group (21 cases, 1 case dropped off). The patients in the acupuncture group were treated with routine acupuncture at 5-6 local acupoints [Dubi (ST 35), Neixiyan (EX-LE 4), Heding (EX-LE 2), Yinlingquan (SP 9), Xuehai (SP 10), Zusanli (ST 36), etc.] and 3-4 distal acupoints [Fengshi (GB 31), Waiqiu (GB 36), Xuanzhong (GB 39), Zulinqi (GB 41), etc.]. The patients in the sham acupuncture group were treated with shallow needling technique at non-acupoint. The needles were retained for 30 min in both groups. All the treatment was given three times a week for 8 weeks. Knee injury and osteoarthritis outcome score (KOOS) were recorded before and after treatment and 18-week follow-up.@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the scores of 5 dimensions of KOOS [pain, symptoms (except pain), daily activities, sports and entertainment, and quality of life] were increased after treatment and during follow-up in the two groups (@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture can reduce the pain symptoms and improve daily activities in patients with KOA.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Humans , Knee Injuries , Osteoarthritis, Knee/therapy , Quality of Life , Treatment Outcome
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905349

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effects of ultrashort wave (USW) on lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induced acute lung injury (ALI) and nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) signaling pathway in rats. Methods:Twenty-four three-month-old male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into control group (n = 8), ALI group (n = 8) and USW group (n = 8). The ALI and USW groups were instilled with LPS to induce ALI, and the USW group was treated with ultrashort wave 0, four and eight hours after instillation, 15 minutes a time. Twenty-four hours after instillation, the lung tissue of the rats was measured the wet/dry mass ratio (W/D), and observed under HE staining. Serum levels of interleukin (IL)-1β and IL-18 were detected with ELISA. The mRNA and protein expression of NLRP3, caspase-1 and IL-1β in the lung tissue were detected with reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting, respectively. Results:W/D increased in ALI group compared with that of the control group (P < 0.05), and it decreased in USW group without significance compared with that of ALI group (P > 0.05). Lung injury score increased in ALI group compared with that of the control group (P < 0.05), and it decreased in USW group compared with that of ALI group (P < 0.05); as well as the serum IL-1β and IL-18, and mRNA and protein expression of NLRP3, caspase-1 and IL-1β. Conclusion:USW can alleviate the inflammatory of acute lung injury, which may associate with inhibiting of NLRP3 signaling pathway.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826676

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To systematically review the effect of acupuncture on emotional disorder in the patients with migraine and knee osteoarthritis and its effect time limit.@*METHODS@#The randomized controlled trials of acupuncture for migraine or knee osteoarthritis were retrieved from the databases, starting from the time of establishment through to December, 2018, i.e. the Cochrane Library, PubMed, EMbase, CNKI, SinoMed, VIP and Wanfang. The bias risk assessment tool of Cochrane Review Manual 5.1.0 was adopted to evaluate the quality of trials in methodology. RevMan 5.3 software was used for the Meta-analysis.@*RESULTS@#A total of 12 articles were included, with 2450 cases. Regarding the immediate effect, the score of the emotional function subscale of migraine-specific quality-of-life questionnaire (MSQ) in the acupuncture group was higher than the control group (6.38[2.78,9.98], =25%). In view of the emotional function subscale of the short-form of health survey (SF-36/SF-12), and the scores of the mental function and negative mode scale in Spain's index of quality of life (PQLC), there were no significant differences in the scores between the acupuncture group and the control group. In 3 months of treatment, the score of the emotional function subscale of MSQ in the acupuncture group was higher than the control group (9.66 [3.06,16.25], =44%). The difference in the score of the mental health subscale of SF-36 and SF-12 was not significant between the acupuncture group and the control group. In 3 to 6 months of treatment, as well as in over 6 months of treatment, the score of every scale was not different statistically between the acupuncture group and the control group.@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture effectively maintains the healthy emotion in the patients with migraine and the effect is sustainable for 3 months after treatment. But the improvement of acupuncture is not remarkable in emotional disorder induced by knee osteoarthritis.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Chronic Pain , Psychology , Therapeutics , Emotions , Humans , Migraine Disorders , Psychology , Therapeutics , Osteoarthritis, Knee , Psychology , Therapeutics , Quality of Life , Treatment Outcome
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826633

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the reporting quality of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of acupuncture for vascular dementia.@*METHODS@#The RCTs of acupuncture for vascular dementia were systematically retrieved from the Cochrane Library, PubMed, EMbase, CNKI, SinoMed, VIP and Wanfang databases from the date of establishment to October 31, 2018. The reporting quality of RCT was evaluated based on the internationally-recognized Consolidated Standards for Reporting of Trials (CONSORT) statement and Standards for Reporting Interventions in Controlled Trials of Acupuncture (STRICTA).@*RESULTS@#A total of 33 RCTs were included. According to the CONSORT statement, 12 items had a reporting rate of 0%, including important changes to methods after trial commencement, sample size, blind method, trial registry, etc.; 5 items had a reporting rate of below 10%, including trial design, type of randomization, random allocation sequence, randomization implementation and participant flow. The reporting rate was 36.36% for baseline data and 57.58% for randomization sequence generation. According to the STRICTA statement, the reporting rate was 21.21% for description of acupuncture depth, 60.61% for description of acupuncture response, 27.27% for description of additional intervention details and 0% for qualification of acupuncturists, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#At present, the reporting quality of RCTs of acupuncture for vascular dementia is generally low. In the future, the RCTs of acupuncture for vascular dementia should be normatively reported according to the CONSORT statement and STRICTA statement.

7.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1165-1168, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776195

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical effect of acupuncture at "experienced ten acupoints" for postprandial distress syndrome.@*METHODS@#A total of 62 patients with postprandial distress syndrome were randomly divided into an observation group (31 cases, 5 cases dropping off) and a control group (31 cases, 6 cases dropping off ). Acupuncture was applied at Baihui (GV 20), Zhongwan (CV 12), Qihai (CV 6), Tianshu (ST 25), Neiguan (PC 6), Zusanli (ST 36), Gongsun (SP 4), Danzhong (CV 17) in the observation group. In the control group, 6 non-acupoint points were intervened with shallow puncture. The treatment was given 20 min each time, once every other day, 3 times a week for a total of 4 weeks in the two groups. Symptom index of dyspepsia (SID) and Nepean dyspepsia index (NDI) scores were compared before and after treatment, and the efficacy was evaluated in the two groups.@*RESULTS@#The effective rate in the observation group was 76.9% (20/26), which was higher than 28.0% in the control group (7/25, <0.01). After treatment, the SID and NDI scores in the two groups were lower than those before treatment (<0.01, <0.05), and the SID and NDI scores in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (<0.01, <0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture at "experienced ten acupoints" can significantly reduce the symptoms of dyspepsia and improve the quality of life in patients with postprandial distress syndrome.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Methods , Dyspepsia , Therapeutics , Humans , Quality of Life , Syndrome , Treatment Outcome
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776062

ABSTRACT

Subjective cognitive decline(SCD),a clinical condition in the early stage of Alzheimer's disease,manifests as a continuous decrease in the individual's self-conscious cognitive function but with normal objective cognitive indicators. Research on SCD helps to identify individuals at high risk of senile dementia and explore the effective prevention and intervention strategies. This article reviews the recent research advances in SCD,with an attempt to provide evidence for early intervention in patients with SCD.


Subject(s)
Alzheimer Disease , Cognition , Cognitive Dysfunction , Humans
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775866

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To summarize the research status and influencing factors of the time-effect of acupuncture and to explain and analyze the optimal effect timing of acupuncture, and provide reference for obtaining the best clinical therapeutic effect.@*METHODS@#Literature regarding the studies of the time-effect of acupuncture published from January 2000 to August 2018 was searched, concluded and analyzed in CNKI, WANFANG, VIP and PubMed databases.@*RESULTS@#A total of 43 papers were included. The time-effect relationship of acupuncture was studied from various aspects: immediate effect, post-effect and total time-effect. The influencing factors of time-effect of acupuncture included needle retention time, acupoint types, number of acupoints and frequency of acupuncture treatment.@*CONCLUSION@#Even though preliminary achievements have been made in the study of the time-effect of acupuncture, there are many limitations and deficiency. These studies are mostly isolated and unsystematic, and the observation time of needle retention time and post-effect is not long enough to observe the exact best induction period, half-life period and residual effect period of acupuncture.In the future, we should combine the existing research experience and achievements to formulate a more reasonable research plan and observe the entire period of acupuncture in a longitudinal direction.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Needles , PubMed
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691369

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the efficacy and safety of Tongxinluo Capsule (, TXL) for patients with cardiac syndrome X (CSX).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) regarding TXL in the treatment of CSX were searched in Chinese Biomedicine Literature Database, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Chinese Scientific Journal Database, Wanfang Database, PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trial, websites of the Chinese and International Clinical Trial Registry platform up to June 30, 2015. The intervention was either TXL alone or TXL combined with conventional treatment, while the control intervention was conventional treatment with or without placebo. Data extraction, methodological quality assessment and data analyses were performed according to the Cochrane criteria. The primary outcome was a composite event of death, acute myocardial infarction (AMI), angina requiring hospitalization, revascularization, and heart failure. The secondary outcome measures were angina symptom improvement, electrocardiograph (ECG) improvement, and serum endothelin-1 (ET-1) level. The adverse events were also recorded. RevMan 5.3 software was applied for data analyses.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Twelve RCTs (696 patients) were included. Compared with conventional treatment, the addition of TXL to conventional treatment showed some benefits on relieving angina symptoms [risk ratio (RR): 1.46, 95% confidence interval (CI) (1.25, 1.71), P<0.01], and improving ECG [RR: 1.45, 95% CI (1.21, 1.74), P<0.01]. The pooled result did not support a benefit of TXL on reducing the incidence of primary outcome [RR: 0.20, 95% CI (0.02, 1.61), P=0.13]. In addition, TXL decreased serum ET-1 concentration of CSX patients [standardized mean number:-1.63, 95% CI (-2.29,-0.96), P<0.01]. No serious adverse events were reported.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>TXL documents potential benefits on attenuating angina symptoms, improving ECG and decreasing serum ET-1 level for CSX patients. However, more rigorous RCTs with high quality are needed to confirm its efficacy and safety.</p>


Subject(s)
Capsules , Cardiovascular Diseases , Diagnostic Imaging , Drug Therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Electrocardiography , Endothelin-1 , Blood , Humans , Middle Aged , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Publication Bias , Syndrome
11.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 336-339, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-262007

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the correlation between ER-a in the liver and cytokines of T lymphocytes subsets and serum signatures in PBC patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The research is performed with cross-sectional study. 80 PBC women patients without treatment were enrolled in PBC group, 10 healthy women as baseline-matched in healthy-control group, and 20 patients with non-autoimmune liver disease in non-PBC control group. The expression of IL-6, IL-8, IL-22, TNFa, IFNgamma, AMA-M2, Sp100 and gp210 were analyzed in Peripheral Blood using ELISA in all groups, and ER-a of patients were performed on tissues from liver biopsies in PBC group and non-PBC control group with immunohistochemistry. Spearman correlation test were performed on the indices to identified the association of all Parameters. numerical data were compared with Wilcoxon rank-sum test.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with healthy-control group, expression of serum cytokines are significantly higher in PBC and non-PBC groups (P less than 0.01), while no significant difference were observed between PBC and non-PBC groups. The positive rate of ER-a in PBC patients liver tissues in PBC group is higher than that in non-PBC group (Z=4.82, P less than 0.01). Expression of ER-a is positively correlated with positive rates of AMA-M2 antibody, Sp100 and gP210 of tissues of PBC patients ( r=0.898, 0.819, 0.814, P less than 0.01). ER-a is positive correlated with the expression of cytokines, among which the coefficient of correlation of IL-22, TNFa, IFNgamma is more than 0.7 (r=0.71, 0.89, 0.82, P less than 0.01), AMA-M2, Sp100, gp210 is negative in serum of non-PBC control group. No obviously correlations were indicated between the expression of ER-a and cytokines.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>A high level of expression of cytokines in the serum might be one of the factors of etiopathogenesis of PBC.</p>


Subject(s)
Autoantibodies , Blood , Biomarkers , Blood , Case-Control Studies , Estrogen Receptor alpha , Metabolism , Female , Humans , Interleukin-6 , Blood , Interleukin-8 , Blood , Interleukins , Blood , Liver , Metabolism , Liver Cirrhosis, Biliary , Blood , Allergy and Immunology , Middle Aged
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-236236

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the quality of life (QOL) in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) and analyze its correlation with traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndrome types.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>With cross-sectional investigation adopted, the QOL of 335 CHB patients was studied by the World Health Organization Quality of Life BREF Questionnaire (WHOQOL-BREF) and the chronic liver disease questionnaire (CLDQ). The results was compared with that of 30 healthy persons.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The QOL of the patients with chronic hepatitis B was lower than the healthy persons with signififi cant difference between them (P<0.01). Also it was different in patients of different TCM syndrome types (P<0.05 or P<0.01). The lowest QOL was shown in patients of the blood-stasis blocking vessel type and Gan ()-stagnation with Pi ()-defificiency type (P<0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The QOL of CHB patients is lower than of healthy persons and closely correlated with TCM syndrome types.</p>


Subject(s)
Case-Control Studies , Health , Hepatitis B, Chronic , Pathology , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Quality of Life , Surveys and Questionnaires , Syndrome , World Health Organization
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL