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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-298687

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effects of 11, 12-epoxyeicosatrienoic acid (11, 12-EET) preconditioning and postconditioning on Ca(2+)-handling proteins in myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (IR) injury in rats and reveal the effects and mechanism of 11, 12-EET on cardioprotection. METHODS The IR injury model was built by stopping perfusion for 40 minutes followed by reperfusion for 30 minutes. The isolated Langendorff-perfused rat hearts were divided into 4 groups: control group, IR group, EET preconditioning (Pre-EET) group and EET postconditioning (Post-EET) group. The computer-based electrophysiological recorder system was used to measure the changes of the maximal rate of pressure increased in the contraction phase (+dp/dt(max)), the maximal rate of pressure decreased in the diastole phase (-dp/dt(max)), the left ventricular end diastolic pressure (LVEDP) and the difference of left ventricular pressure (delta LVP). The activity of Ca(2+)-ATPase in sarcoplasmic reticulum was measured with colorimetric method. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction was used to assess the gene expression of C(a2+)-handling protein [sarcoplasic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase (SERCA), phospholamban (PLB), ryanodine receptor type 2 (RyR,), and 1, 4, 5-trisphosphate inositol receptor type 2 (IP3 R2) ] mRNAs level.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with IR group, the myocardial functions, the value of Ca(2+)-ATPase, and the expressions of IP3 R2 mRNA were significantly increased and the expression of PLB mRNA was significantly decreased in both Pre-EET group and Post-EET group (P < 0.05, P < 0.01). And the expression of SERCA mRNA was significantly increased in Pre-EET group (P < 0. 05). However, no significant differences were detected between Pre-EET and Post-EET groups. Moreover, the expression of RyR2 mRNA was not significantly different among all groups.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>11, 12-EET preconditioning and post-conditioning can protect myocardium from IR injury by elevating the activity of Ca(2+)-ATPase in sarcoplasmic reticulum, up-regulating the expression of IP3 R2 mRNA, and down-regulating the expression of PLB mRNA. Moreover, up-regulating the expression of SERCA mRNA maybe one of mechanisms of 11, 12-EET preconditioning on cardio protection against IR injury.</p>


Subject(s)
8,11,14-Eicosatrienoic Acid , Pharmacology , Animals , Calcium-Binding Proteins , Metabolism , Inositol 1,4,5-Trisphosphate Receptors , Metabolism , Ischemic Preconditioning, Myocardial , Methods , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury , Metabolism , Rats , Ryanodine Receptor Calcium Release Channel , Metabolism , Sarcoplasmic Reticulum Calcium-Transporting ATPases , Metabolism
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-313680

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effects of 11, 12-epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (11, 12-EET) on the degree of hypoxia/reoxygenation injury in human umbilical vein endothelial cells ( HUVECs), and reveal the possible pathway of EET on protection.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Primary cultured HUVECs were randomly divided into control group, hypoxia/reoxygenation group, 11, 12-EET control group, 11, 12- EET hypoxia/reoxygenation group, inhibition of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERKI/2) group, and inhibition of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) group. Hypoxia/reoxygenation injury model in HUVECs was established by exposure to hypoxia (2% O2, 5% CO2 and 93% N2) for 3 hours, followed by reoxygenation (95% air and 5% CO2) for 1 hour. The evaluation of the endothelial cells were made by immunohistochemistry. The cell viability was monitored by MTT assay. Colorimetry method was used to assay the lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) , malondialdehyde (MDA) and activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD) in culture medium. Western blot was used to detect the expressions of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and phosphorylated ERK1/2 in HUVECs.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>11, 12-EET caused minor injury in normal oxygen incubated HUVECs; however, in hypoxia/reoxygenation HUVECs, it raised the cell viability markedly, decreased the LDH release and MDA content, and increased the activity of SOD and the expressions of eNOS and phosphorylated ERK1/2.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>11, 12-EET may prevent against endothelial cell hypoxia/reoxygenation injury. The mechanism may be related to the increased activity of SOD, elimination of oxygen-derived free radicals, and reduction of eNOS and phosphorylated ERK1/2 lesion caused by hypoxia/reoxygenation.</p>


Subject(s)
8,11,14-Eicosatrienoic Acid , Pharmacology , Cell Hypoxia , Physiology , Cell Survival , Cells, Cultured , Endothelial Cells , Humans , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase , Metabolism , Malondialdehyde , Metabolism , Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 3 , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III , Reperfusion Injury , Superoxide Dismutase , Metabolism , Umbilical Veins , Cell Biology
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