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1.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 1004-1008, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818364

ABSTRACT

Gut microbiota plays an important role in maintaining intestinal barrier function and keeping body health. Changes of its structure and function are related to many common human diseases. As a class of non-coding single-stranded molecules, numerous studies have shown that the regulatory effect of microRNAs (miRNAs) at the gene level, can affect almost all biological processes in the body. In addition, gut microbiota can interact with miRNAs, and play a regulatory role in maintaining intestinal homeostasis and preventing metabolic diseases(diabetes) together. In this paper, we review the regulation of gut microbiota-miRNAs interaction, and how to regulate the occurrence and development of diabetes mellitus through this interaction.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777534

ABSTRACT

To research the correlation between accumulation of triterpenoids and expression of key enzymes genes in triterpenoid biosynthesis of Alisma orientale,the study utilized UPLC-MS/MS method to detect eight triterpenoids content in the tuber of A. orientale from different growth stages,including alisol A,alisol A 24 acetate,alisol B,alisol B 23 acetate,alisol C 23 acetate,alisol F,alisol F 24 acetate and alisol G,and then the Real time quantitative PCR was used to analyze the expression of key enzymes genes HMGR and FPPS in triterpenoid biosynthesis. Correlation analysis showed that there was a significant positive relation between the total growth of these eight triterpenoids and the average relative expression of HMGR and FPPS(HMGR: r = 0. 998,P<0. 01; FPPS: r = 0. 957,P<0. 05),respectively. Therefore,the study preliminarily determined that HMGR and FPPS genes could regulate the biosynthesis of triterpenoids in A. orientale,which laid a foundation for further research on the biosynthesis and regulation mechanism of triterpenoids in A. orientale.


Subject(s)
Alisma , Chemistry , Genetics , Chromatography, Liquid , Geranyltranstransferase , Genetics , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA-Reductases, NADP-dependent , Genetics , Phytochemicals , Plant Extracts , Plant Proteins , Genetics , Plant Tubers , Chemistry , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Triterpenes
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-845420

ABSTRACT

Agioedema, as a clinical symptom, is often combined with wheals and diagnosed as urticaria. As to angioedema without wheals, it is considered an independent disease. According to the causes, angioedema is divided into 2 types: hereditary angioedema and acquired angioedema. As a rare disease, hereditary angioedema is often misdiagnosed and mistreated, mistreated, although it is severe and life-threatening sometimes. It is therefore necessary to introduce how to identify and treat hereditary angioededa patients.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-299352

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To elucidate the mechanisms of up regulated expression of cytoplasmic phospholipase A2 (CPLA2) induced by one lung ventilation (OLV) by investigating the interactions between nuclear factor kappaB (NF-κB) and C-PLA2.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Forty-eight healthy Japanese white rabbits were randomized into control group, solvent treatment group (group S), NF-κB inhibitor (PDTC)/solvent treatment group ( group PS), C-PLA2 inhibitor (AACOCF3)/solvent treatment group (group AS), OLV group (group O), solvent treatment plus OLV group (SO group), NFκB inhibitor (PDTC)/solvent treatment plus OLV group (group PSO) and CPLA2 inhibitor (AACOCF3)/solvent treatment plus OLV group (group ASO). ELISA was used to detect arachidonic acid (AA) content in the lung tissues, and NFκB and CPLA2 expressions were detected by Western blotting and quantitative PCR. Lung injuries were assessed based on the lung histological score, and the polymorphonuclear leukocyte count in the bronchial alveolar lavage fluid, myeloperoxidase (MPO) content in the lung tissues, and lung wet/dry weight (W/D) raito were determined.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Treatment of the rabbits with the solvent did not produce any adverse effects. OLV caused obvious lung injury in the rabbits and up regulated the expressions of CPLA2 and NFκB in the lung tissues (P<0.05). In rabbits without OLV, treatment with AACOCF3 or PDTC significantly down regulated both CPLA2 and NFκB expressions without affecting the other parameters. In rabbits with OLV, treatment with AACOCF3 or PDTC obviously lowered CPLA2 and NFκB expressions and lessened the OLV-induced lung injuries.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Both C-PLA2 and NF-κB play important roles and show interactions in OLV-induced lung injury in rabbits.</p>

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-299321

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To elucidate the pathogenic role of leukotriene B4 (LTB4) in increased pulmonary microvascular endothelial cell permeability induced by one lung ventilation (OLV) in rabbits.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Forty-eight healthy Japanese white rabbits were randomly divided into control group (group C), saline pretreatment group (group S), bestatin (a leukotriene A4 hydrolase (LTA4H) inhibitor) plus saline pretreatment group (group B), OLV group (group O), saline pretreatment plus OLV group (group SO) and bestatin plus saline pretreatment with OLV group (group BO). ELISA was used to detect LTB4 content in the lung tissues, and LTA4H and phospholipase Cεl (PLCEl) expressions were examined by Western blotting and quantitative PCR. The wet/dry weight (W/D) ratio of the lung, lung permeability index and the expressions of myosin light chain kinase (MLCK) protein and mRNA in the lung tissues were determined to evaluate the permeability of the pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells (PMVECs). The severities of lung injury were evaluated by lung histomorphological scores.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>No significant differences were found among groups C, S and B except that LTA4H expressions was significantly lower in group B than in groups C and S (P<0.05). OLV significantly increased the expressions of LTA4H (P<0.05) and resulted in LTB4 overproduction in the lungs (P<0.05) accompanied by significantly enhanced PLCE1 expression and PMVEC permeability (P<0.05). Pretreatment with bestatin, significantly reduced the expression of LTA4H and LTB4 production (P<0.05) and down-regulated the expression of PLCE1 in the lungs of the rabbits receiving OLV (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Bestatin plays a protective role in OLV-induced rabbit lung injury by downregulating LTA4H to reduce the production of LTB4 in the lungs. LTB4 can increase PMVEC permeability by up-regulating PLCE1 expression in rabbits with OLV-induced lung injury.</p>

6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2091-2095, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-307462

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Venom allergy is significantly underestimated in China. Venom-specific IgE may not provide accurate clinical reactions. Our conducted retrospective analysis observes alternative diagnostic considerations in assessing confirmation and severity of honeybee venom allergy.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Retrospective review of honeybee venom allergy versus nonallergy patients presented with positive honeybee venom (i1) sIgE results. According to clinically observed reactions caused by a honeybee sting, patients were divided into three groups. Patient residence and exposure types were analyzed. The sIgE/T-IgE among allergy and control groups was compared.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Gender ratio male:female was 32:22; median age was 39 years (31, 50). 48% (26/54) of patients live in urban areas, 52% (28/54) in rural areas. Based on bee sting reactions, patients were divided into common localized reactions (32/54), large localized reactions (7/54), and systemic reactions (15/54). In the systemic reaction group, patients presented as Type II (6/15), Type III (6/15). There is significant difference (P < 0.001) between the three groups in regards to exposure types. In the systemic reaction group, 8.7% (13/15) of patients are beekeepers. A significant difference (P < 0.001) was observed between allergic and control groups based on sIgE/T-IgE results. As well as significant difference observed between the systemic reaction group to the other two reaction groups in regards to sIgE/T-IgE results. Six systemic reaction patients presented with large localized reactions before onset of system symptoms 1 month to 1 year of being stung.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Occupational exposure is the most common cause in honeybee venom allergy induced systemic reactions. The use of sIgE/T-IgE results is a useful diagnostic parameter in determining honeybee venom allergy.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Bee Venoms , Allergy and Immunology , Beekeeping , China , Female , Humans , Hypersensitivity , Blood , Allergy and Immunology , Immunoglobulin E , Blood , Allergy and Immunology , Insect Bites and Stings , Allergy and Immunology , Male , Middle Aged , Occupational Diseases , Occupational Exposure , Retrospective Studies
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-634861

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the critical thinking ability of medical students and its related factors in order to provide evidence for higher medical education reform. Methods A total of 325 medical students were selected by cluster sampling method, and Critical Thinking Disposition Inventory-Chinese Version (CTDI-CV) was adopted for survery. Results The average total score of critical thinking ability of medical students was above 280, and 51.08% of students showed positive critical thinking ability. Among all the seven critical thinking dispositions, average scores of each item were all positive (>40) except that the significance of truth seeking (37.23) and systematicity (39.05) were indefinite. There were significant differences in critical thinking ability between medical students with different gender and academic years (P<0.05). Conclusion The critical thinking ability of medical students is positive, however, there still exist some shortages. An equal relationship between teachers and students should be established, the traditional course system be continuously reformed, a good environment for clinical training be created, and a variety of teaching methods be implemented to further strengthen the critical thinking ability of medical students.

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