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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940293


Malignant tumor is a serious threat to human life and health. The prevalence and mortality of malignancies in China are increasing year by year. Conquering cancer has become a difficult problem for human beings. Chemical drug therapy combined with molecular targeted therapy is a general and preferred anti-tumor clinical scheme, but the side effects and the drug resistance of cancer cells often hinder the efficacy. Therefore, it is of great significance to study the mechanism of drug resistance and the methods to reverse drug resistance. Chinese medicine has the characteristics of complex components, multiple targets, low toxicity, etc. A large number of experimental studies have demonstrated that the effective components or extracts of Chinese medicine can inhibit the proliferation, migration, and invasion of cancer cells, and induce apoptosis, autophagy, differentiation, and senescence. In clinical practice, Chinese medicine has been applied to the protection against ttumor, adjuvant treatment, and later consolidation. The research on Chinese medicine is expected to promote drug resistance reversal and cancer therapy. Studies have shown that the combination of Chinese medicine and chemotherapy can reverse drug resistance and increase efficacy, which has become the mainstream trend of cancer treatment. This study reviewed the mechanisms of the drug resistance of cancer cells induced by self-protective autophagy, gene mutation, high expression of enzymes, abnormal signaling pathways, and abnormal expression of RNA and protein, and summarized how compounds isolated from Chinese medicine, single drug and its extract, and classic anti-cancer prescription reversed the drug resistance to lay a solid foundation for the further investigation of the anti-tumor effect of Chinese medicine.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940292


ObjectiveTo investigate the effect of Draconis Sanguis petroleum ether fraction (DSPEF) on the proliferation, apoptosis, migration, and autophagy of human gastric cancer HGC-27 and MGC-803 cells, and preliminarily elucidate its molecular mechanism. MethodCell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay was used to detect the effect of DSPEF at different concentrations (0, 20, 40, 60, 80 mg·L-1) on the proliferation of HGC-27 and MGC-803 cells after 24, 48, 72 h. Hoechst staining and flow cytometry were used to explore the effects of DSPEF at different concentrations on the apoptosis and apoptosis rate of HGC-27 and MGC-803 cells after 48 h treatment, respectively. The wound healing assay and acridine orange staining were used to investigate the effects of DSPEF on the migration and autophagy of HGC-27 and MGC-803 cells, respectively. Western blot was used to detect the expression levels of signaling pathway-related proteins in HGC-27 and MGC-803 cells treated with DSPEF for 48 h. ResultCompared with the control group, DSPEF(30 mg·L-1) inhibited the proliferation and migration of HGC-27 and MGC-803 cells in a concentration- and time-dependent manner (P<0.05), and induced the apoptosis (P<0.01) and autophagy of HGC-27 and MGC-803 cells. DSPEF (60 mg·L-1) down-regulated the protein levels of phosphorylated mammalian target of rapamycin (p-mTOR) (P<0.05, P<0.01) and down-regulated phospho-signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (p-STAT3) in HGC-27 and MGC-803 cells (P<0.01), suggesting that DSPEF presumedly inhibited the proliferation and migration of human gastric cancer HGC-27 and MGC-803 cells and induced their apoptosis and autophagy by inhibiting the mTOR/STAT3 signaling pathway. ConclusionThe down-regulation of the mTOR/STAT3 signaling pathway may be involved in the anti-gastric cancer effect of DSPEF. This study is expected to provide a reference for the investigation of the anti-tumor effect of Draconis Sanguis.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940291


ObjectiveTo investigate effect of aqueous extract of Trametes robiniophila (TRM,Huaier) on autophagy of human prostate cancer VCaP cells and Lamin B1 expression, so as to uncover its role in the proliferation of VCaP cells. MethodThe inhibitory effect of 0, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10 g·L-1 TRM aqueous extract on the proliferation of human prostate cancer VCaP cells at different time points were determined by cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay. Acridine orange staining was conducted for analyzing the effect of TRM aqueous extract on the formation of autolysosomes in VCaP cells. After medication, the expression of microtubule-associated protein Ⅰ light chain 3 (LC3), autophagy-related protein 3 (Atg3), autophagy-related protein 5 (Atg5), and autophagy-related protein 7 (Atg7) in VCaP cells were detected by Western blot. The effect of TRM aqueous extract alone and its combination with autophagy inhibitor bafilomycin A1 on the proliferation of VCaP cells were assayed by CCK-8 assay. RNA interference technology was used to explore the role of Lamin B1 in anti-proliferation of VCaP cells by TRM. ResultCompared with the blank group, TRM aqueous extract inhibited the proliferation of human prostate cancer VCaP cells in a time- and concentration-dependent manner (P<0.01). Acridine orange staining showed that TRM aqueous extract promoted the formation of autolysosomes in VCaP cells. As revealed by Western blotting, TRM aqueous extract up-regulated the expression levels of LC3-Ⅱ, Atg3, Atg5, and Atg7 in contrast to those in the blank group (P<0.05). All these indicated that TRM aqueous extract induced the autophagy of VCaP cells. In addition, autophagy inhibition impaired the sensitivity of VCaP cells to TRM aqueous extract (P<0.05). The comparison with the blank group showed that TRM aqueous extract inhibited Lamin B1 protein expression in VCaP cells (P<0.01), which in turns weakened the sensitivity of VCaP cells to TRM aqueous extract. ConclusionTRM aqueous extract inhibited the proliferation of human prostate cancer VCaP cells possibly by inducing autography and down-regulating Lamin B1 expression. This study has provided a theoretical basis for the clinical application of TRM.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940290


ObjectiveProteoglycan TPG-1 isolated from Trametes robiniophila(Huaier) has proved to have anti-hepatoma activity, and this paper aims to explore the molecular mechanism. MethodHuman hepatoma SK-HEP-1 cells were treated with TPG-1 (0, 0.05, 0.1, 0.25, 0.5, 1 g·L-1). Then cell survival was detected by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) and apoptosis by flow cytometry. In addition, expression of genes in SK-HEP-1 cells treated with or without TPG-1 was examined by DNA microarray to preliminarily explore the anti-hepatoma molecular mechanism of TPG-1. ResultTPG-1 inhibited the proliferation of SK-HEP-1 cells as compared with the blank group (P<0.01). After treatment with 1 g·L-1 TPG-1 for 48 h, the apoptosis rate of SK-HEP-1 cells increased (P<0.01), and TPG-1 promoted the cleavage of cysteinyl aspartate specific proteinase (Caspase)-3 and Caspase-7, the key mediators of apoptosis (P<0.01). Additionally, TPG-1 (1 g·L-1) suppressed the migration of SK-HEP-1 cells (P<0.05). A total of 971 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified in SK-HEP-1 cells after treatment with TPG-1, with 486 up-regulated and 485 down-regulated. These DEGs were mainly involved in the Gene Ontology (GO) terms of interleukin-6 (IL-6) biosynthesis, antigen processing and presentation, superoxide dismutase activity, positive regulation of mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase kinase (MAPKKK) cascade, nature killer (NK) cell chemotaxis, and chemokine biosynthesis, and the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathways of nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain (NOD)-like receptor signaling pathway, apoptosis, Toll-like receptor signaling pathway, retinoic acid-inducible gene-Ⅰ (RIG-Ⅰ)-like receptor signaling pathway, T-cell receptor signaling pathway, and chemokine signaling pathway. Western blot results showed that TPG-1 (1 g·L-1) activated mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway in SK-HEP-1 cells (P<0.01). ConclusionProteoglycan TPG-1 inhibited the proliferation and migration, and induced apoptosis of human hepatoma SK-HEP-1 cells. Up-regulation of MAPK signaling pathway may be responsible for the growth inhibition of human hepatoma SK-HEP-1 cells by TPG-1.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879127


As a traditional Chinese medicine, Chinese dragon's blood has multiple effects, such as activating blood to remove blood stasis, softening and dispelling stagnation, astringent and hemostasis, clearing swelling and relieving pain, regulating menstruation and rectifying the blood, so it is called "an effective medicine of promoting blood circulation". It has been widely used clinically to treat a variety of diseases. With the further research on Chinese dragon's blood, its anti-tumor medicinal value is gradually emerging. Modern pharmacological studies have shown that Chinese dragon's blood exerts anti-tumor effects mainly by inhibiting cell proliferation, inducing apoptosis, inducing DNA damage and cell cycle arrest, inducing senescence and autophagy of tumor cells, inhibiting metastasis and angiogenesis, as well as reversing multidrug resistance. This article focuses on the research progress on anti-tumor effects of Chinese dragon's blood extract and its chemical components, with a view to provide new references for the in-depth research and reasonable utilization of Chinese dragon's blood.

Female , China , Dracaena , Plant Extracts , Resins, Plant