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1.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1831-1836, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879979

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the consistency between FCM and PCR on the detecting of MRD in TCF3-PBX1@*METHODS@#55 cases of paediatric TCF3-PBX1@*RESULTS@#Among the 55 children with TCF3-PBX1@*CONCLUSION@#The detection result of MRD in TCF3-PBX1 detect by FCM and PCR shows better consistency. MRD positivity detected by FCM at the end of induction therapy (day 33) predicts a high risk of relapse in TCF3-PBX1 ALL patients.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Bone Marrow , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Neoplasm, Residual , Oncogene Proteins, Fusion/genetics , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Prognosis , Recurrence
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879771

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the pharmacokinetic characteristics, clinical effect, and safety of pegylated recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (PEG-rhG-CSF) in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).@*METHODS@#A prospective study was performed on children with ALL who cyclophosphamide, cytarabine, and 6-mercaptopurine were used for consolidation therapy. PEG-rhG-CSF (PEG-rhG-CSF group) or rhG-CSF (rhG-CSF group) was injected after chemotherapy. The plasma concentration of PEG-rhG-CSF was measured, and clinical outcome and safety were observed for both groups.@*RESULTS@#A total of 17 children with ALL were enrolled, with 9 children in the PEG-rhG-CSF group and 8 children in the rhG-CSF group. In the PEG-rhG-CSF group, the peak concentration of PEG-rhG-CSF was 348.2 ng/mL (range 114.7-552.0 ng/mL), the time to peak was 48 hours (range 12-72 hours), and the half life was 14.1 hours (range 11.1-18.1 hours). The plasma concentration curve of PEG-rhG-CSF was consistent with the mechanism of neutrophil-mediated clearance. Compared with the rhG-CSF group, the PEG-rhG-CSF group had a significantly shorter median time to absolute neutrophil count (ANC) recovery (P0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The pharmacokinetic characteristics of PEG-rhG-CSF in children with ALL receiving consolidation chemotherapy are consistent with the mechanism of neutrophil-mediated clearance, with a short half life and fast recovery of ANC, and there are no significant differences in safety between PEG-rhG-CSF and rhG-CSF.


Subject(s)
Child , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor/therapeutic use , Humans , Neutropenia , Polyethylene Glycols , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/drug therapy , Prospective Studies , Recombinant Proteins
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828722

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the clinical features and genetic mutations of children with Shwachman-Diamond syndrome (SDS) and malignant myeloid transformation.@*METHODS@#Next-generation sequencing was used to analyze the gene mutations in 11 SDS children with malignant myeloid transformation, and their clinical features and genetic mutations were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Of the 11 children with SDS, 9 (82%) presented with refractory cytopenia of childhood (RCC), 1 (9%) had myelodysplastic syndrome with excess blasts (MDS-EB), and 1 (9%) had acute myeloid leukemia with myelodysplasia-related changes (AML-MRC). The median age of onset of malignant myeloid transformation was 48 months (ranged 7 months to 14 years). Of the 11 children, 45% had abnormalities in the hematological system alone. Mutations of the SBDS gene were detected in all 11 children, among whom 5 (45%) had c.258+2T>C homozygous mutation and 3 (27%) had c.184A>T+c.258+2T>C compound heterozygous mutation. The new mutations of the SBDS gene, c.634_635insAACATACCTGT+c.637_638delGA and c.8T>C, were rated as "pathogenic" and "possibly pathogenic" respectively. The 3-year predicted overall survival rates of children transformed to RCC and MDS-EB/AML-MRC were 100% and 0% respectively (P=0.001).@*CONCLUSIONS@#SDS children may have hematological system symptoms as the only manifestation, which needs to be taken seriously in clinical practice. The type of malignant transformation is associated with prognosis.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency , Humans , Infant , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Mutation , Myelodysplastic Syndromes , Shwachman-Diamond Syndrome
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774051

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the clinical features of Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome (WAS) in children.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 13 children with WAS.@*RESULTS@#All 13 children were boys, with a median age of onset of 3 months (range 1-48 months) and a median age of 24 months (range 1-60 months) at the time of diagnosis. Of the 13 children, only 3 had typical WAS and the remaining 10 children had X-linked thrombocytopenia (XLT). The mean WAS score was 2 (range 1-3), the mean platelet count was 20.5×10/L [range (13-46)×10/L], and the mean platelet volume was 8.1 fl (range 6.7-12.1 fl). Lymphocyte subsets and immunoglobulins were measured for 4 children, among whom 1 (25%) had a reduction in both the percentage of CD3T cells per lymphocyte and lymphocyte per nuclear cells, 1(25%) had a reduction in CD3CD56 NK cells. Among these 4 children, 1 (25%) had an increase in IgG, 2 (50%) had a reduction in IgM, 1 (25%) had a reduction in IgA, and 4 (100%) had an increase in IgE. A total of 14 gene mutations belonging to 13 types were found in 13 children, among which there were 9 missense mutations (65%), 2 splicing mutations (14%), 2 nonsense mutation (14%), and 1 frameshift mutation (7%). The median follow-up time was 39 months (range 3-62 months), and all 13 children survived.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Children with WAS often have a young age of onset, and most of them are boys. Major clinical features include thrombocytopenia with a reduction in platelet volume. Missense mutation is the main type of gene mutation.


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Humans , Infant , Male , Mutation , Retrospective Studies , Thrombocytopenia , Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome , Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome Protein
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690935

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the HER22 expression in children with ETV6/RUNX1 (E/R)-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia(ALL) and to investigate the relationship between the HER2 expression and clinical features.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty-seven newly diagnosed E/R-positive ALL children and 6 controls (4 cases of ITP and 2 healthy children) were selected in Institute of hematology and blood disease hospital. The 37 patients were divided into standard risk (SR), intermediate risk(IR), high risk(HR) groups according to risk stratification; and they were divided into relapse and non-relapse groups according to follow-up result. The CD10CD19 cells were sorted by flow cytometry. The mRNA was extracted from these cells. Real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR was used to detect the expression level of HER2.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among the 37 cases, 51.35% (n=19) were boys and 48.65% (n=18) were girls and their median age was 4.72 (1.72-11.99) years old. Among the 6 controls, 50% (n=3) were boys and 50% (n=3) were girls and the median age was 5.24 (1.53-13.17) years old. The expression level of HER2 in E/R-positive ALL patients were lower than that in controls (P<0.05). Although the difference of HER2 expression level between the 2 groups failed to achieve statistical significance, the expression level of HER2 in relapse patients were significantly lower than that in non-relapse patients, and the HER2 expression in HR group patients were lower than that in SR and IR groups. In addition, there was no significant correlation between the expression level of HER2 and the sex, age, initial white blood cell count, blast cell percentage and the level of LDH (P>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The expression level of HER2 in E/R ALL patients is lower than that in controls, and in relapse group lower than that in non-relapse patient. Thus, HER2 may play important roles in the pathogenesis and relapse mechanism of pediatric E/R-positive ALL patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit , Female , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Infant , Male , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Prognosis , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-ets , Receptor, ErbB-2 , Recurrence , Repressor Proteins
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690084

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the value of multiparameter flow cytometry (MFC) and flow cytometric scoring system (FCSS) in the diagnosis and prognostic evaluation of childhood myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 42 children who were diagnosed with MDS. MFC was performed to investigate the phenotype and proportion of each lineage of bone marrow cells. The correlations of FCSS score with MDS type, International Prognostic Scoring System (IPSS) score, and revised IPSS (IPSS-R) score were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Of all the 42 children, 20 (48%) had an increase in abnormal marrow blasts, 19 (45%) had a lymphoid/myeloid ratio of >1, 14 (33%) had abnormal cross-lineage expression of lymphoid antigens in myeloid cells, 8 (19%) had abnormal CD13/CD16 differentiation antigens, 5 (12%) had abnormal expression of CD56, 3 (7%) had reduced or increased side scatter of granulocytes, 3 (7%) had reduced expression of CD36 in nucleated red blood cells, 2 (5%) had reduced expression of CD71 in nucleated red blood cells, 1 (2%) had absent expression of CD33 in myeloid cells, 1 (2%) had reduced or absent expression of CD11b in granulocytes, and 1 (2%) had absent expression of CD56 and CD14 in monocytes. There were significant differences in the median overall survival time and event-free survival time among the low-, medium-, and high-risk FCSS groups (P<0.05). Among the low-, medium-, and high-risk FCSS groups, the low-risk FCSS group had the highest 2-year overall survival rate, while there was no significant difference between the medium- and high-risk FCSS groups (P>0.05). The three groups had a 2-year event-free survival rate of 95%, 60%, and 46% respectively (P<0.05). FCSS score was positively correlated with MDS type, IPSS score, and IPSS-R score (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>MFC and FCSS help with the diagnosis and prognostic evaluation of childhood MDS.</p>

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-351407

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the clinical characteristics and risk factors of clonal evolution after immunosuppressive therapy (IST) in children with severe/very severe aplastic anemia (SAA/VSAA).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data of 231 children with newly-diagnosed SAA/VSAA who received IST were retrospectively studied. The incidence and risk factors of clonal evolution after IST were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The 5-year overall survival rate of the 231 patients was 82.7%. Except for 18 cases of early deaths, 213 patients were evaluated for IST efficacy. Among the 231 patients, cytogenetic abnormalities for at least two chromosome metaphase were detectable in 14 (7.4%) patients, and PNH clones were detectable in either peripheral red blood cells or neutrophils for 95 patients. Among the 213 patients evaluated for IST efficacy, 15 patients experienced clonal evolution after IST. Five patients had PNH and trisomy 8 which were defined as favorable progressions, and ten patients experienced monosomy 7 and MDS/AML as unfavorable progressions. The 5-year accumulative incidence of favorable and unfavorable progression were (2.2±2.2)% and (4.8±3.3)%, respectively. Until the last follow-up, 100% (5/5) of patients with favorable progressions and 50% (5/10) of patients with unfavorable progressions survived. WBC>3.5×10/L, CD3T cell percentage>80%, dosage of antithymocyte globulin >3.0 mg/(kg·d) and no response to IST were related to unfavorable progressions by univariate analysis. Cox multivariate analysis revealed that an increased CD3T cell percentage (>80%) and no response to IST were independent risk factors for unfavorable progressions.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The children with SAA/VSAA who have an increased CD3T cell percentage at diagnosis or have no response to IST are in high risks of unfavorable progressions.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Anemia, Aplastic , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Mortality , Child , Child, Preschool , Chromosome Aberrations , Clonal Evolution , Female , Humans , Immunosuppressive Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Infant , Male , Proportional Hazards Models , Retrospective Studies
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-279901

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the application of multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) in the detection of copy number variations (CNVs) in pediatric ETV6/RUNX1-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), to compare this method with conventional karyotype analysis and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), and to evaluate the value of MLPA.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data of 95 children with ETV6/RUNX1-positive ALL who were treated from January 2006 to November 2012 were analyzed retrospectively, including clinical features, results of karyotype analysis, and results of FISH. CNVs were detected with MLPA.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>CNVs were detected in 73 (77%), and the median number of CNVs was 1 (range 0-6). The CNVs of EBF1, CDKN2A/2B, PAX5, ETV6, RB1, and BTG1 were detected in more than 10% of all the patients. The changes in the chromosome segments carrying the genes with CNVs detected by MLPA were not detected by conventional karyotype analysis. The coincidence rate between the CNVs in ETV6 gene detected by FISH and those detected by MLPA was 66%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>MLPA is an efficient and convenient method to detect CNVs in children with ETV6/RUNX1-positive ALL.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit , DNA Copy Number Variations , Female , Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Infant , Male , Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction , Methods , Oncogene Proteins, Fusion , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Genetics
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-261155

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the association between clinical outcome and gene mutations in children with Fanconi anemia (FA).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of six children with the same severity of FA and receiving the same treatment. At first, single cell gel electrophoresis and chromosome breakage induced by mitomycin C were performed for diagnosis. Then the gene detection kit for congenital bone marrow failure diseases or complementation test was used for genotyping of FA. Finally the association between the clinical outcome at 3, 6, 9, or 12 months after treatment and gene mutation was analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Of all the six FA children, five had FANCA type disease, and one had FANCM type disease; four children carried two or more FA gene mutations. Among the children with the same severity of FA, those with more FA mutations had a younger age of onset and poorer response to medication, and tended to progress to a severe type.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Children carrying more than two FA mutations have a poor clinical outcome, and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation should be performed as soon as possible.</p>


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Fanconi Anemia , Genetics , Female , Humans , Male , Mutation , Retrospective Studies
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-259612

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analysze genotype and measure telomere length in two Chinese patients with dyskeratosis congenita(DC).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The peripleral blood DNA was extracted in two patients characterized by mucocutaneous abnormalities (abnormal nails, lacy reticulated skin pigmentation, and oral leukoplakia), bone marrow failure, DC genes were amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR), including DKC1, TERT, TERC, TINF2, NOP10, NHP2, then DNA sequencing was performed for abnormal exons. Lymphocyte telomere length was measured by flow cytometry-fluorescence in situ hybridization(Flow-FISH).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Abnormal peaks were found in exon 6 of TINF2 gene of the two patients and a 811C→T transition in TINF2 gene in one patient. DNA sequencing showed a 848C→A transition in TINF2 gene in another patient. Relative telomere length was remarkable less than that of normal children with same age.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Physician should think about DC if the young patients with mucocutaneous abnormalities and marrow failure. Early detection of related genes and measurernant of tolomere length may contribute to avoid misdiagnosis. TINF2 c.811C→T (Q271X) and TINF2 c.848C→A (P283H) exist in the two patients, it is reported in China for the first time.</p>


Subject(s)
Base Sequence , Bone Marrow , China , Dyskeratosis Congenita , Exons , Genotype , Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Telomere , Telomere-Binding Proteins
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-289481

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study gene mutations and clinical features in children with juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data of 14 children who were diagnosed with JMML and were examined for the detection of common gene mutations were retrospectively analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Eleven (79%) out of 14 cases were male, and 3 (21%) were female. The median age at diagnosis was 2.0 years (age range: 0.6-6.0 years). Among 14 cases, there were 4 cases (29%) with PTPN11 mutation, 3 cases (21%) with N-RAS mutation, 1 case (7%) with PTPN11 mutation and K-RAS mutation, and 6 cases (43%) without any mutation. All four cases in the PTPN11 mutation group were male, and their median age was 2.5 years; interval from onset to diagnosis was 1.0 month; the white blood cell (WBC) count and absolute monocytes in peripheral blood were significantly higher, while the platelet (PLT) count was lower, as compared with the other three groups; they were followed up, and 3 cases died and 1 case had a progressive disease. In the N-RAS mutation group, there were two male cases and one female case, and their median age was 2.0 years; interval from onset to diagnosis was 13.7 months; after follow-up, 2 cases died and 1 case did not have an obviously progressive disease.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>PTPN11 mutation is the most common mutation in JMML. The cases with PTPN11 mutation often have higher WBC count and absolute monocytes in peripheral blood, a lower PLT count, and a rapid disease progression, and their clinical outcomes are poor. The cases with N-RAS mutation have a slow disease progression. The clinical characteristics of the patients with compound mutations are not sure because of the small number of cases, and further clinical observation is indispensable.</p>


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Genes, ras , Humans , Infant , Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Juvenile , Blood , Genetics , Male , Mutation , Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase, Non-Receptor Type 11 , Genetics , Retrospective Studies
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-289478

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the clinical features of patients with refractory cytopenia of childhood (RCC).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data of 1 420 children (0-14 years old) with an initial diagnosis of non-severe aplastic anemia between January 1990 and June 2013 were retrospectively analyzed. Bone marrow cell morphology and histopathology were re-evaluated, and the patients were re-classified using the criteria proposed in the 2008 edition of the World Health Organization classification of RCC in hematopoietic and lymphoid tumor tissues. The clinical outcomes were followed up every 3-6 months.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among all the 1 420 cases, 152 (10.7%) were reassessed as RCC. Patients with RCC had a lower level of hemoglobin and a higher percentage of fetal hemoglobin than those with non-severe aplastic anemia. Of the patients with RCC, 21.5% showed abnormal karyotypes at diagnosis. The median follow-up period for all patients was 36 months (ranging from 1 to 283 months). The rates of complete response, partial response, and no response to cyclosporine and androgen treatment in RCC patients were 19.0%, 26.7%, and 54.3%, respectively. The 5- and 10-year prospective overall survival rates of RCC patients were 87.9% and 72.4%, respectively. The 5- and 10-year prospective clonal evolution rates were 15.3% and 20.0%, respectively. The 2-year prospective incidence of newly diagnosed karyotype abnormality after the initial diagnosis was 3.6%. The 5- and 10-year prospective leukemia transformation rates were 10.0% and 20.0%, respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>RCC shows clinical features similar to adult myelodysplastic syndrome. Children with RCC have a poor prognosis, an increased risk of transformation to leukemia, and a low response rate to cyclosporine treatment.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Clonal Evolution , Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Myelodysplastic Syndromes , Drug Therapy , Mortality , Pancytopenia , Drug Therapy , Mortality , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-357299

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To ovaluate the prognostic value of prednisone response in treatment regimes of children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 598 newly diagnosed ALL patients were enrolled and received prednisone pre-treatment. Based on the peripheral lymphoblast count on day 8, these patients were divided into 2 groups: prednisone good response (PGR) and prednisone poor response (PPR). PPR patients were classified into high risk group immediately and then received intensed chemotherapy. The all enrolled patients were followed up and the clinical features and treatment outcomes of the two groups were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with PGR group, PPR group had different characteristics. They were older in age and had higher initial white blood cell count (P<0.05). T-cell ALL (T-ALL) and Philadelphia chromosome positive ALL (Ph+ ALL) were frequent in PPR group (P<0.05). Event-free survival (EFS) rate of PPR group was significantly lower than that of PGR group (P<0.05). 2 year event-free survival(EFS) rate of PGR group was (88.3±1.5)%, while the 2-year EFS rate of PPR group was (58.4±5.3)%. 5 year EFS rates of PGR and PPR were (80.8±2.1)% and (53.4±6.0)%, respectively. The EFS rate of PPR group was falling rapidly within 2 years. PPR group had higher relapse rate, and most relapses occurred within 18 months (P<0.05). PPR group had more high incidence of minimal residual disease (MRD) both on day 33 and on week 12 (P<0.05). No significant difference of EFS and relapse time was found between PPR and high risk PGR patients (P>0.05). In multi-variate regression analysis, the PPR, the presence of BCR-ABL1 and MLL were significantly unfavorable factors (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Prednisone response has been confirmed to be still great prognostic value and PPR children patients have poor outcomes generally. It is likely that the response to prednisone does not make much sense to high risk ALL patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Disease-Free Survival , Humans , Multivariate Analysis , Neoplasm, Residual , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Prednisone , Prognosis , Recurrence , Treatment Outcome
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-289543

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the long-term efficacy of CAMSBDH-ALL chemotherapy protocol for the treatment of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Three hundred and eighteen children who were newly diagnosed with ALL between January 1999 and December 2007 were enrolled in this study. Among the 318 children, 83 children who hospitalized before December 2002 were treated with CAMSBDH-ALL99 protocol, including 48 patients of standard risk and 35 patients of high risk. The patients (n=235; 131 in standard risk and 104 in high risk) who hospitalized after December 2002 were treated with CAMSBDH-ALL03 protocol. Patients in the CAMSBDH-ALL99 protocol group were treated with conventional chemotherapy. CAMSBDH-ALL03 protocol was modified based on the CAMSBDH-ALL99 protocol.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The long-term overall survival (OS) and event-free-survival (EFS) in the CAMSBDH-ALL03 group was significantly higher than in the CAMSBDH-ALL99 (P<0.01). The long-term OS and EFS of standard risk and high risk patients in the CAMSBDH-ALL03 protocol group were significantly higher than in the CAMSBDH-ALL99 protocol group (P<0.01). The CAMSBDH-ALL03 protocol group showed a significantly lower recurrence rate (28.9%) than in the CAMSBDH-ALL99 protocol group (50.6%) (P<0.05). The mortality rate in the CAMSBDH-ALL03 protocol group was 28.5% vs 56.6% in the CAMSBDH-ALL99 protocol group (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The therapeutic effect of the CAMSBDH-ALL03 protocol is supior to the CAMSBDH-ALL99 protocol group for childhood ALL, with a higher long-term survival rate.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Therapeutic Uses , Child , Child, Preschool , Clinical Protocols , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Drug Therapy , Mortality , Recurrence
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-332710

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to explore the pathogenesis of type III familial hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (FHL3) via susceptibility gene UNC13D involving in homologous recombination repair (HRR) of DNA double-strand break (DSB). By means of DNA homologous recombination repair, the change of homologous recombination repair rate of normal control cells and DR-U2OS cells after down-regulation of UNC13D was detected; the UNC13D gene related function was explored. The results showed that DR-U2OS cells displayed a significant reduction in homologous recombination repair of DNA DSB after siRNA knockdown of UNC13D, compared to its normal control cell counterparts (P < 0.05), suggesting that UNC13D was involved in DNA double-stranded breakage repair. It is concluded that UNC13D gene mutation may be involved in the pathogenesis of FHL3 via its dual effects of both the cytotoxic granule exocytosis and decrease of homologous recombination repair rate after the DNA double-strand break, therefore, providing a new theoretical basis to reveal the pathogenesis of FHL3.


Subject(s)
DNA Breaks, Double-Stranded , DNA-Binding Proteins , Genetics , Humans , Lymphohistiocytosis, Hemophagocytic , Classification , Genetics , Membrane Proteins , Genetics , Recombinational DNA Repair
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-284004

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to retrospectively analyse the prognosis of childhood myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS-RCC ) from China and Japan. Two hematologists and one pathologist from China and Japan constituted a diagnosis group. According to the criteria of 2008 WHO, 33 children with MDS-RCC from 50 chinese children diagnosed as acquired bone marrow failure syndrome from 2009 to 2011, and 74 Japanese children with MDS-RCC in a prospective registration group conducted by the Japanese Society of Pediatric Hematology were enrolled in this study. The outcome of total 107 childhood MDS-RCC treated with different treatment strategies was analyzed retrospectively. The results indicated that: (1) the 3 and 5-year overall survival rates (OS) for all patients were 93.8% and 79.7% respectively. (2) All 107 patients with MDS-RCC were further subclassified into 2 groups: transfusion dependent group and transfusion independent group. The 3 and 5-year overall survival rates (OS) for transfusion dependent group were 89.9% and for transfusion independent group were 70.6% respectively, the 5-year overall survival rate (OS) for transfusion independent group was 100.0%. (3) Treatment strategy: patients from transfusion dependent group were treated with immunosuppression therapy (IST), in which CsA combined with or without ATG and patients were treated with HSCT. The 5-year overall survival rate (OS) was 100% for IST group. The 3 and 5-year overall survival rates (OS) for HSCT patients were 82.9% and 30.6%, respectively. All the patients from transfusion independent group were alive till the last follow up. (4) Compared with patients from our hospital and Japan, the 5-year overall survival rate (OS) for patients in our hospital was 100.0%, the 3-and 5-year overall survival rates (OS) for patients in Japan were 93.7% and 75.0%, respectively. It is concluded that children with MDS-RCC are seldom progressive. The observation and wait strategy is applicable for patients with MDS-RCC who have no transfusion dependent. IST therapy is recommended to those who have transfusion-dependent.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , China , Female , Humans , Infant , Japan , Male , Myelodysplastic Syndromes , Diagnosis , Therapeutics , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
17.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 178-182, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-359775

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the clinical and laboratory characteristics of cases with warts, hypogammaglobulinemia, infections and myelokathexis (WHIM) syndrome.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>An 11-year-old boy was diagnosed as WHIM syndrome and CXCR4 gene mutation analysis was performed.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Since 3 years of age, the patient had recurrent fever and persistent cough. Since 6 years of age, he had warts on his fingers, the warts increased gradually. His complete blood count showed: white blood cell (WBC) 0.65×10(9)/L, neutrophil 0.15×10(9)/L, hemoglobin 116 g/L, platelet 200×10(9)/L, reticulocyte 0.62%. Results of serum biochemical tests: total protein (TP) 72.2 g/L (reference value 60 - 80 g/L), albumin 20.4 g/L (reference value 20 - 35 g/L), gammaglobulin 20.4 g/L (reference value 20 - 35 g/L). IgG 5.56 g/L (reference value 7.51 - 15.6 g/L), IgA 0.48 g/L (reference value 0.82 - 4.53 g/L), IgM 0.29 g/L (reference value 0.46 - 3.04 g/L). Peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets: CD3(+)T lymphocyte 43.6% (reference value 64.01% - 75.95%), CD19(+)B lymphocyte 1.00% (reference value 9.02% - 14.1%). Bone marrow smears showed that many of the neutrophils had a reactive appearance, with cytoplasmic vacuolation. Most neutrophils had hypersegmentation with four or five nuclear lobules. In some cells, the filaments connecting the nuclear lobes were long. CXCR4 mutation was detected.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>WHIM syndrome is a rare immunodeficiency disorder with an autosomal-dominant pattern of inheritance. The disease is less progressive, and may accompany the patients' whole life.</p>


Subject(s)
Agranulocytosis , Genetics , Pathology , Amino Acid Sequence , Child , Humans , Immunoglobulins , Blood , Immunohistochemistry , Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes , Genetics , Pathology , Leukocyte Count , Male , Mutation , Receptors, CXCR4 , Genetics , Warts , Genetics , Pathology
18.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1297-1301, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-278386

ABSTRACT

Within the past few years, the invention of next-generation sequencing has revealed several new genes associated with tumor formation and development, for example DNMT3a. This gene is an independent prognostic factor for acute myeloid leukemia (AML). The objective of this study was to analyze the DNMT3a mutation in childhood AML in a single center. PCR amplification of the entire coding region of DNMT3a was performed using 23 overlapping primer pairs in 57 patients who were diagnosed in Blood Disease Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, then the directly sequencing was underwent. The results showed that no DNMT3a mutation was found in these patients including the hotspot R882. But AML1/ETO mutation was found in 10 patients, CBFB/MYH11 mutation in 3 patients, PML/RARa mutation in 13 patients, FLT3/ITD mutation in 5 patients, FLT3/TKD mutation in 1 patient, PML/RARa and FLT3/TKD mutation coexisted in 2 patients. It is concluded that DNMT3a mutations are rare in childhood AML, and different mechanisms of myeloid leukemogenesis between childhood and adults maybe involved.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Base Sequence , Child , Child, Preschool , DNA (Cytosine-5-)-Methyltransferases , Genetics , DNA Mutational Analysis , Female , Humans , Infant , Karyotyping , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Genetics , Male , Mutation
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-243284

ABSTRACT

The study was aimed to examine the B cell activating factor promoter polymorphism of the TNF family (BAFF)-871 C/T in patients with immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) and to explore its correlation with ITP and the relationship between the blood platelet count of newly diagnosed patients with ITP and genotypes of BAFF-871 C/T polymorphisms. Alleles specific polymerase chain reaction (ASP-PCR) and agarose gel electrophoresis were used to identify polymorphisms -871 C/T of BAFF promotor in 133 ITP patients and 117 healthy controls, and determine the genotype of subjects. Meantime, the frequency of genotype and alleles were analyzed. The results indicated that out of 133 patients with ITP, 33.1% patients exhibited C/C, 42.1% patients were heterozygous C/T, and 24.8% patients were homozygous T/T. The corresponding frequencies in 117 healthy controls were 55.6% C/C, 33.3% C/T and 11.1% T/T. The allele frequency of T in ITP patients and healthy controls were 45.9% and 27.4% respectively. There was significant difference in the BAFF-871 C/T genotypic frequency between the ITP patients and healthy controls (p < 0.05). The allele frequency of T in ITP patients was higher than that in healthy controls. There was no significant difference in the blood platelet counts between the various genotype (p > 0.05). It is concluded that the polymorphism -871 C/T of BAFF promoter is correlated with the pathogenesis of ITP. However, there is no significant difference in blood platelet counts between the various genotype, so the polymorphism -871 C/T of BAFF promoter can not be referred as the analysis index for evaluating the severity of ITP.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Alleles , B-Cell Activating Factor , Genetics , Case-Control Studies , Child , Female , Gene Frequency , Genotype , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Polymorphism, Genetic , Promoter Regions, Genetic , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic , Genetics , Young Adult
20.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 586-589, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-353612

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the polymorphisms of B cell activating factor (BAFF) gene and the plasma levels of BAFF in patients with idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP), and to investigate their roles in the pathogenesis of ITP.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Alleles specific polymerase chain reaction (AS-PCR) and agarose gel electrophoresis were used to identify polymorphisms -871C/T of BAFF promotor in 133 ITP patients and 117 healthy controls. The plasma levels of BAFF were assayed by ELISA.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In ITP group, the frequency of C/C, C/T and T/T was 33.1%, 42.1% and 24.8%, respectively, the corresponding frequency in control group was 55.6%, 33.3% and 11.1%, respectively. The allele frequency of T in ITP and control groups was 45.9% and 27.4%, respectively. There was a significant difference in the BAFF -871C/T genotypic frequency between the ITP and control groups (P < 0.05). BAFF antigen in untreated ITP, treated patients and controls was 875.86 pg/ml, 502.59 pg/ml and 736.88 pg/ml, respectively, being also a significant difference among the three groups (P < 0.05). BAFF antigen in homozygous T/T was higher than that in homozygous C/C and heterozygous C/T, but the difference was not statistically significant (P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Over expression of BAFF may be a risk factor for ITP patients. There is a correlation of the BAFF promotor polymorphism -871C/T with ITP, but the polymorphism does not affect the expression of BAFF.</p>


Subject(s)
B-Cell Activating Factor , Genetics , Gene Frequency , Humans , Interleukin-4 , Polymorphism, Genetic , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic , Allergy and Immunology
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