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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921793

ABSTRACT

This paper reviewed the traditional use of Paris polyphylla and its active components, aiming to provide reference for the development and utilization of this plant. It was found that P. polyphylla has been used as a medicinal plant by eight ethnic minorities. A total of 62 experiential effective recipes, including 29 simple recipes and 33 compound recipes, were analyzed for their indications, traditional processing methods, medicinal compatibilities, and administration doses. The top three in the eight ethnic minorities sorted by the quantity of folk recipes were the Yi nationality(18), Naxi nationality(13) and Bai nationality(12). P. polyphylla has been widely employed for the treatment of nine categories of diseases, especially the dermatologic diseases, trauma, and toxicosis currently. The collating of material basis for its traditional functions revealed 26 active components, among which 19 were steroidal saponins capable of resisting cancer, furuncles, carbuncles, abscesses, bacteria, inflammation and stopping bleeding. This study preliminarily proved the efficacy of P. polyphylla in treating cancer and respiratory system, digestive system, and genitourinary system diseases, which has provided clues for related basic research of P. polyphylla and development of new preparations.


Subject(s)
Liliaceae , Melanthiaceae , Plants, Medicinal , Saponins
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872712

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the volatile oil of Notopterygium inchum and N. franchetii by using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Method:Ten batches of N. inchum and N. franchetii were harvested from Sichuan and Gansu,including eight batches of wild samples, one batch of cultivated N. inchum and one batch of cultivated N. franchetii. Volatile oil was extracted according to the methods in Chinese Pharmacopeia, and the chemical constituents were analyzed with GC-MS technology. Result:Ninety-seven chemical compounds were identified,including monoterpenes,sesquiterpenes and non-terpenes. The calculation results of the relative content of chemical components showed that α-pinene(25.39%-41.68%),β-pinene(19.34%-40.95%) and limonene(4.59%-11.99%) were main compounds in volatile oil of N. inchum and N. franchetii. Relative content of α-pinene was higher than that of β-pinene in wild N. inchum and cultivated N. franchetii, while relative content of β-pinene was higher than that of α-pinene in wild N. franchetii. Relative content of β-pinene in samples stored for one year was lower than that of newly harvested ones. The partial least squares discriminant analysis with SIMCA-P+11.5 software showed that the samples from Gansu and Sichuan provinces had no significant differences, and additionally,one-year-stored samples and newly-harvested samples were clustered into two groups. Conclusion:This study showed that the storage had influence on the chemical constituents of volatile oil in N. inchum, and it also revealed the differences in volatile oil components of wild and cultivated Notopterygium. The above mentioned work provided chemical basis for the pharmacology comparison study of volatile oil from different kinds of N. inchum and N. franchetii.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828018

ABSTRACT

UHPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap-MS was developed for the identification of chemical constituents in Qingfei Paidu Decoction, which will clarify its material basis. ACQUITY UHPLC HSS T3 chromatography column(2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.8 μm) was used with 0.1% formic acid(B)-acetonitrile(A) as the mobile phase in gradient elution. The decoction was detected by high-resolution liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry equipped with an ESI ion source in positive and negative mode. Based on the accurate mass measurements, retention time, mass fragmentation patterns combined with comparison of reference and literature reports, a total of 87 major compounds including 43 flavonoids, 9 alkaloids, 4 triterpenoid saponins, 1 sesquiterpene, 2 coumarins, 10 phenolic acids and 18 other compounds were tentatively screened and characterized. UHPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap-MS was employed to comprehensively elucidate the chemical components in Qingfei Paidu Decoction, which basically covered 20 Chinese medicines except gypsum in Qingfei Paidu Decoction. These collective results provide a scientific basis for further research on the quality control standard of Qingfei Paidu Decoction.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Coumarins , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Flavonoids , Mass Spectrometry
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774514

ABSTRACT

In order to improve the quality control level of Ligustri Lucidi Fructus(LLF) and to explore the changes of chemical components after processing,the HPLC method for fingerprint and simultaneous determination of the major polar components in LLF were established. The octadecylsilane bonded silica gel was used as the stationary phase,with acetonitrile as the mobile phase A and0. 2% formic acid as the mobile phase B in a gradient elution procedure at a flow rate of 1. 0 m L·min-1. The detection wavelength was set at 280 nm and the column temperature was 25 ℃. There were 22 common peaks,20 of which were selected from the fingerprint of LLF and its wine-steamed product,respectively,and 14 chromatographic peaks were identified with reference substances. With the same chromatographic conditions,seven components were quantitatively analyzed and the results of system adaptability and methodology investigation all met the requirements of content determination. Compared with the crude LLF,the content of 5-hydroxymethyl furfural and salidroside significantly increased in wine-steamed LLF,while the contents of iridoid glycosides generally decreased. The method provided a basis for quality control of LLF and its processed products as well as the related preparations.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Fruit , Chemistry , Furaldehyde , Glucosides , Iridoid Glycosides , Ligustrum , Chemistry , Phenols , Phytochemicals
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773186

ABSTRACT

Due to lack of reference substances,the content of triterpenoid saponins in traditional Chinese medicines is usually characterized by colorimetric determination of total saponins. However,the specificity of colorimetric method is poor,and the determination result is not accurate enough. So,in this paper,the content determination method of total triterpenoid saponins was studied by taking Akebiae Caulis saponins as an example. The contents of three main saponin aglycones,including arjunolic acid,hederagenin and oleanolic acid,were determined by HPLC method. Referring to the content determination method of total flavonol glycosides in Ginkgo biloba leaves in the 2015 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia,the content of Akebiae Caulis saponins was obtained by multiplying the total content of the three above-mentioned aglycones with conversion coefficient. LC-MS/MS analysis results showed that mutongsaponin C and aponin PJIwere the two main triterpene saponins in Akebiae Caulis,and they shared the same molecular formula. So,the average value of the ratios of the molecular weight between mutongsaponin C and the three aglycones was defined as the conversion coefficient.The three aglycones were separated on an ACE Excel 3 C18-AR column( 4. 6 mm×150 mm,3 μm),and methanol-water( containing0. 04% glacial acetic acid and 0. 02% triethylamine) was used as mobile phase with gradient elution. The detection wavelength was set at 210 nm,and the flow rate was 0. 5 m L·min-1. The results showed that there was a good linearity among the ranges of 1. 053-16. 84,0. 200-3. 200 and 1. 515-24. 24 μg for arjunolic acid,hederagenin and oleanolic acid,respectively. Their average recoveries were97. 90%,97. 50% and 100. 5%,with RSD of 2. 0%,2. 9% and 2. 9%,respectively. The results of methodological investigation met the requirements of content determination. The conversion coefficient was 2. 31. This method is simple and reliable,and can be used for the determination of total triterpenoid saponins in Akebiae Caulis. The assay strategy can be used for the determination of total triterpenoid saponins in other traditional Chinese medicines.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Chromatography, Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Phytochemicals , Ranunculales , Chemistry , Saponins , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Triterpenes
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773151

ABSTRACT

To search for the active diuretic fractions of Clematidis Armandii Caulis( CAC) and determine its main active chemical components by using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry( LC-MS) and diuretic activity evaluation. CAC 75% ethanol extracts and extracts from different polar solvents were orally administered to saline-loaded rats at different doses. 6 h urinary volume,p H and contents of electrolyte Na+,K+and Cl-were measured. The chemical components of the active fractions were separated and identified by ultra performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-quadrupole time of flight-mass spectrometry( UPLC-ESI-Q-TOF-MS/MS) method. As compared with the control group,the urine volume was increased by 44%( P< 0. 01) and 34%( P < 0. 05) in CAC75% ethanol extract 57. 74 and 28. 8 mg·kg-1 groups respectively; the Na+excretion was increased by 52%( P< 0. 01) and 45%( P<0. 05),respectively; while the Cl-excretion was increased by 101%( P<0. 01) and 85%( P<0. 05),respectively. The urine volume,Na+excretion and Cl-excretion were increased by 50%( P< 0. 01),58%( P< 0. 05),and 65%( P< 0. 05) respectively in petroleum ether extract 70. 98 mg·kg-1 group as compared with the control group. While for the n-butanol extract 194. 18 mg·kg-1 group,the urine volume,Na+and Cl-excretion were increased by 42%( P<0. 01),41%( P<0. 05) and 97%( P<0. 01),respectively. The diuretic activity of other fractions was not obvious. There was no statistical difference in K+excretion in all groups. The results of LC-MS analysis showed that six compounds,including two sterols,one chromogen and three fatty acids,were identified from petroleum ether extract.Fourteen compounds,including six triterpenoid saponins,six lignin glycosides,one sterol glycoside and one phenolic glycoside,were identified from the n-butanol extract. All the results suggested that the ethanol extract of CAC had remarkable diuretic activity and its main effective components included sterol,triterpenoid saponin and lignin glycosides.


Subject(s)
Animals , Ascomycota , Chemistry , Diuretics , Pharmacology , Materia Medica , Pharmacology , Rats , Solvents , Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776412

ABSTRACT

A quantitative nuclear magnetic resonance method(qNMR) was established for determination of the absolute content of febrifugine. Proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy of febrifugine was obtained in DMSO-d₆ with hydroquinone as the internal standard substance on a Bruker Ascend 600 MHz superconducting nuclear resonance spectrometer at 298 K. The specific parameters were as follows: the observing frequency was 600 MHz,spectra width was 7 211 Hz, pulse width was 9.70 μs, pulse sequence was zg30,scan times was 32 and relaxation time was 2 s. The proton signal peaked at δ 7.71 for febrifugine and δ 6.55 for hydroquinone were selected as the quantification peaks. Linear regression of quantitative peak area ratio of febrifugine-hydroquinone versus their mass ratio yielded a correlation coefficient of 0.999 6 and a regression equation of +0.008 6.The linear range of febrifugine was 2.17-17.07 g·L⁻¹,the precision RSD was 0.78%(=6),the repeatability RSD was 1.2%(=6),and the contents of three batches of febrifugine sample were 94.91%,95.09% and 95.52%,respectively. The content of febrifugine was 96.44% determined by high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC). The relative error of the content of febrigugine determinted by qNMR and HPLC methods was 1.27%. The results showed that the internal standard method of proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy could be used to determine the absolute content of febrifugine.


Subject(s)
Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Piperidines , Protons , Quinazolines
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771559

ABSTRACT

To investigate the dynamic change law of the main components in Ligustri Lucidi Fructus during the wine-steaming process and attempt to establish the characteristic quality standard of wine-steamed Ligustri Lucidi Fructus by determining the content of salidroside and specnuezhenide using Ultra Performance Liquid Chromatography (UPLC) technology at different processing time points (12, 15, 18, 21, 24 h). The chromatographic separation was performed on Waters Acquity UPLC®BEH C₁₈ column (2.1 mm×50 mm, 1.7 μm) with acetonitrile and 0.2% formic acid aqueous solution as the mobile phase for gradient elution; and the detection wavelength was set at 280 nm; the flow rate was 0.5 mL·min⁻¹, and the column temperature was set at 40 °C. The results showed that the two components were well separated in the above conditions. The salidroside and specnuezhenide showed a good linear relationship within the range of 10.19-326 ng and 49.53-1 585 ng, respectively. Their average recovery was 103.4% and 101.7% with RSD of 0.81% and 0.79%, respectively. With the extension of processing time, the content of specnuezhenide was decreased, while salidroside was gradually increased. For the 27 batches of Ligustri Lucidi Fructus, the content of salidroside was between 0.042 5% and 0.192 4%, and that of specnuezhenide was between 0.829 7% and 5.218 0%. While for the 25 batches of wine-steamed Ligustri Lucidi Fructus, the content of the first one was between 0.229 2% and 1.045 8%, and the latter one was between 0.743 8% and 3.645 4%. As compared with Ligustri Lucidi Fructus, the ratio of specnuezhenide to salidroside was significantly decreased in the wine-steamed Ligustri Lucidi Fructus. According to the experimental results, the quality standard of Ligustri Lucidi Fructus is tentatively fixed as follows: the content of specnuezhenide shall not be less than 0.80%, and the ratio of specnuezhenide content/salidroside content (Sp/Sa) should not be smaller than 15. As for the wine-steamed ones, the content of salidroside should not be less than 0.20%, and specnuezhenide content should not be less than 0.70%; Sp/Sa should not be greater than 8. The method established in this study is simple and reliable, which could be used for the content detection of salidroside and specnuezhenide in Ligustri Lucidi Fructus samples. The characteristic quality standard established in this study could be used to distinguish the Ligustri Lucidi Fructus and wine-steamed Ligustri Lucidi Fructus.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Fruit , Ligustrum , Wine
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-350123

ABSTRACT

To develop the HPLC method for simultaneous determination of febrifugine and isofebrifugine in Dichroa febrifuga root, and on the basis of this, the feasibility of quantitative analysis of multi-component by a single-marker (QAMS) model for the determination of the two alkaloids was investigated. The chromatographic separation was performed on an octadecyl bonded silica gel column with mixed solvent consisting of acetonitrile-water-glacial acetic acid-triethylamine (9∶91∶0.36∶0.745) as mobile phase at a flow rate of 1.0 mL•min⁻¹. The detection wavelength was set at 225 nm, and the column temperature was set at 30 ℃. The linear range of febrifugine and isofebrifugine were 10.7-426 ng and 10.6-424 ng, respectively. Their average recovery were 98.33% (RSD 2.7%) and 100.4% (RSD 1.8%), respectively. On the basis of this established method, febrifugine was used as the internal reference substance to calculate the relative correction factors (RCF) and the relative retention values (RRV) of isofebrifugine to febrifugine. Through a series of methodology evaluations, the two alkaloids were simultaneously assayed only by quantitative determination of febrifugine. This result played the part of demonstration role for the application of QAMS model in the determination of isomers.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335877

ABSTRACT

To investigate the stability and degradation kinetics of febrifugine. The results showed that within 24 hours, febrifugine content was decreased by only 1% in mobile phase solvent, but its content was decreased to be 90% of the initial content in the water, methanol, 50% methanol and 10% acetonitrile solution. When the pH value of the solution was between 3 and 7, the retention rate of febrifugine in 24 hours was over 98%, but its content was decreased by about 12% in alkaline solution (pH 9.0). The higher the temperature, the worse the stability of febrifugine. At 40-80 ℃, the content of febrifugine was decreased to be 60% of its initial content in 10 hours, but the content was decreased by only 5% in 10 h at 20 ℃.However, no matter 40 ℃or 60 ℃, febrifugine was mainly transformed into isofebrifugine, and the total content of febrifugine and isofebrifugine was equal to their initial total content in 10 hours, while incase of 80 ℃, the total content was decreased to be 83.33% in 10 h, which suggested that the structure of febrifugine was absolutely changed, not just isomerized to be isofebrigugine at high temperature. Light had a significant impact on the stability of febrifugine. Under bright light, the content of febrifugine was reduced by about 23% in 108 h, but it only decreased by about 10% in the natural light or darkness. In artificial gastric fluid (pH 1.4) and artificial intestinal fluid (pH 6.8), the content of febrifugine was decreased by less than 5% in 10 h. After storage at high temperature(60 ℃), high humidity [(75±1)%] and strong light (3 000 lx) conditions for 10 d, the content of solid febrifugine was decreased by 0.27%, 7.6% and 5.39%, respectively. The degradation of febrifugine basically complied with the first-order reaction kinetic process in the following conditions: in water, methanol, 50%methanol and 10% acetonitrile solvents, alkaline solution (pH>7), different light intensity and different temperatures (20,40 ℃). Therefore, no matter the isolation and purification of febrifugine or the production of the related preparations, it should be done fast in the acidic solution, low temperature and dark conditions, while the febrifugine solid should be kept in dry and dark conditions.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335758

ABSTRACT

An UPLC method was developed for the studies of fingerprint and quantification of multi-components for Evodiae Fructus. The chromatographic separation was performed on a C₁₈ column (2.1 mm×50 mm,1.7 μm) with mobile phase of 0.2% formic acid-acetonitrile and 0.2% formic acid-water in gradient mode, and the detection wavelength was set at 320 nm.Dehydroevodiamine was used as the reference peak, there were 24 common peaks in the fingerprint of 29 samples were detected, and among them 10 chromatographic peaks were identified with the reference substance and they were neochlorogenic acid, chlorogenic acid, cryptochlorogenic acid, hyperin, isorhamnetin-3-O-β-D-rutinoside, dehydroevodiamine, evodiamine, rutaecarpine, evocarpine and dihydroevocarpine. The fingerprint data was evaluated with similarity evaluation system for chromatographic fingerprint of traditional Chinese medicine (Version 2008A), and the similarity of 19 batches of Evodiae Fructus was greater than 0.9 in the 29 samples. In addition, 9 components including neochlorogenic acid, chlorogenic acid, hyperin, isorhamnetin-3-O-β-D-rutinoside, dehydroevodiamine, evodiamine, rutaecarpine, evocarpine and dihydroevocarpine were simultaneously determined at the same chromatographic conditions, whose peak area integral values showed good linear relationship at the range of 0.000 46-0.138, 0.000 146-0.175, 0.000 412-0.124, 0.000 448-0.134, 0.000 452-0.136, 0.003 38-0.169, 0.000 44-0.132, 0.001 07-0.128, 0.001 71-0.128, respectively. Their average recoveries were 100.3%, 100.4%, 101.6%, 97.51%, 102.9%, 101.4%, 103.8%, 104.0%, 95.99%, and RSD were 2.4%, 2.0%, 3.0%, 0.80%, 1.9%, 2.1%, 1.1%, 2.2%, 2.4%, respectively. The established UPLC method not only realized the full separation of all chemical constituents of Evodiae Fructus within 20 minutes, but also achieved the chromatographic fingerprint determination and simultaneous multi-components determination of Evodiae Fructus at the same chromatographic conditions. Compared with other methods in literatures, the method has the following characteristics of strong specificity, good separation, high purity of chromatographic peaks, simplity and feasibility, which provides better means for the simultaneous qualitative and quantitative analysis of Evodiae Fructus.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-258452

ABSTRACT

Through a series of methodology investigations, we established a new method for simultaneous analysis of epimedins A, B, C, icariin and baohuoside I in Epimedii Folium by using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Meanwhile, using Icariin as an internal reference substance to establish the relative correct factors and relative retention values of Epimedins A, B, C and Baohuoside I to Icariin, then using the quantitative analysis of multi-components by single-marker (QAMS) model, the five analytes can be quantitatively determined in Epimedii Folium and its processed products as well as Kanggu Zengsheng capsule only by measuring the content of icariin in the corresponding samples. All these analysis are completed in the same chromatorgraphic conditions. This paper played the part of demonstration role in the popularization and application of QAMS method established in a single herb to the proprietary Chinese medicines containing this herb.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-275188

ABSTRACT

This paper aims to investigate the correlation between the antioxidant activity of Prunella vulgaris and its total phenolic acids content by measuring the antioxidant activity of different sources and different organs of P. vulgaris and the total contents of protocatechuic acid, protocatechuic aldehyde, caffeic acid, salviaflaside and rosmarinic acid in these samples. Using the 50% methanol extract of P. vulgaris samples as the research object, DPPH method and HPLC method were used respectively to determine the antioxidant activities and the total contents of the above-mentioned five analytes in P. vulgaris samples. 0.5 mL of 50% methanol extract of P. vulgaris reacts with 0.1 mmol•L⁻¹ DPPH ethanol solution for 60 min, then the absorbance of the reaction solution was measured at 517 nm, scavenging rate and IC₅₀ values were calculated by the absorbance and the sample concentration for evaluating the antioxidant activity. HPLC analysis was made on a C₁₈ Epic column, with acetonitrile-0.1% formic acid aqueous solution as mobile phase (gradient elution), and the detection wavelength was set at 280 nm. The correlation between the antioxidant capacity of different habitats and different organs of P. vulgaris and the total contents of five kinds of phenolic acids was analyzed by partial least squares method. The reaction dose-response range of 50% methanol extract of P. vulgaris with 0.1 mmol•L⁻¹ DPPH ethanol solution was 0.300-1.65 g•L⁻¹. When the quantities of potocatechuic acid, protocatechuic aldehyde, caffeic acid, salviaflaside and rosmarinic acid were respectively in 0.007 84-0.980, 0.011 5-1.44, 0.008 64-1.08, 0.080 0-1.00 and 0.079 8-0.998 μg range, their quantities were in good linear relationship with the corresponding peak areas. The average recovery of 5 components were 97.76%, 96.88%, 100.3%, 102.1%, 104.5%, with RSD of 1.8%, 1.6%, 1.7%, 1.6% and 1.7%, respectively. In a certain range of crude drug quantity, the antioxidant activity of each organ of P. vulgaris and total phenolic acids content inside has a good linear correlation. Therefore, in certain quality range of crude drug, DPPH bioassay combined with HPLC content determination can be used for the quality control of P. vulgaris, as is a new method for the quality control of P. vulgaris.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-279194

ABSTRACT

To establish and analyze the HPLC specific chromatograms of Xingnaojing injection manufactured by different factories. The separation was performed on a Thermo BDS Hypersil C₁₈ column (4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 μm), with the mobile phase consisting of acetonitrile-0.02% formic acid aqueous solution for gradient elution. The flow rate was 1.0 mL•min⁻¹, and the column temperature was 35 ℃. The detection wavelength was set at 254 nm, and the sample size was 20 μL. Eleven chromatographic peaks were identified as characteristic peaks of HPLC specific chromatograms of Xingnaojing injection, after analyzing 29 batches of Xingnaojing injection samples. Compared with the reference substances, seven of them were identified as eucarvone, camphor, curcumenone, curcumenol, curdione, curzerenone and germacrone, respectively. HPLC specific chromatograms of Xingnaojing injection manufactured by three factories could be easily classified into three categories after investigation with computer-aided similarity evaluation system combined with principal component analysis. The established HPLC specific chromatograms provide a basis for scientific evaluation and effective control of the quality of Xingnaojing injection.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-307147

ABSTRACT

Using reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography, nine ginsenosides were simultaneously separated on an UltimateC₁₈ column with high-resolution and high purity of each chromatographic peak. Adopting the QAMS quality evaluation model for traditional Chinese medicines, ginsenoside Rb₁ was used as the internal reference substance, and the relative correction factors (RCFs) and the relative retention values (RTRs) of ginsenosides Rg₁, Re, Rf, Rb₁, Rc, Rb₂, Rb₃, Rd and 20 (S)-ginsenoside Rg₃ to ginsenoside Rb₁ were calculated individually. Through a series of methodology evaluations, and positioned by the red ginseng reference chromatograph and RTVs, nine ginsenosides in red ginseng were simultaneously assayed only by quantitative determined ginsenoside Rb₁.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-307084

ABSTRACT

This study is to establish the UPLC fingerprint of red ginseng. The separation was performed on a Waters Acquity BEH C₁₈ column (2.1 mm × 50 mm,1.7 μm), with the mobile phase consisting of acetonitrile and water for gradient elution. The detection wavelength was set at 203 nm. The UPLC fingerprint of red ginseng was established by using sample chromatography of 22 different purchase areas and 26 common peaks were found. Compared with the reference substances, 11 of the common peaks were identified as ginsenosides Rg₁, ginsenoside Re, ginsenoside Rf, ginsenoside Rh₁, ginsenoside Rg₂, ginsenoside Rb₁, 20(S)-ginsenoside F₁, ginsenoside Rb₂, ginsenoside Rb3, 20(S)-ginsenoside Rg₃ and 20(R)-ginsenoside Rg₃, respectively. It is worth noting that 20(S)-ginsenoside Rg₃ and 20(R)-ginsenoside Rg₃ are the characteristic ingredients of red ginseng, and they could be used not only for distinguishing red ginseng and ginseng, but also for process controlling of the preparation of red ginseng. The similarity was analyzed with' Similarity Evaluation System for Chromatographic Fingerprint of Chinese Materia Medica, and the similarity of 18 batches samples is up to 0.9. Compared to the literature methods, the method is simple, time-saving,specific for the separation of ginsenosides from red ginseng. So, this method could be used for the species identification and quality control of ginseng, red ginseng and American ginseng, and it will alsoprovide a theoretical basis of raising quality standards of the above mentioned Chinese herb medicines.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-237723

ABSTRACT

This paper established a near-infrared spectroscopy quantitative model for simultaneous quantitative analysis of coptisine hydrochloride, dehydrocorydaline, tetrahydropalmatine, corydaline and glaucine in Corydalis Rhizoma. Firstly, the chemical values of the five components in Corydalis Rhizoma were determined by the reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) with UV detection. Then, the quantitative calibration model was established and optimized by fourier transformation near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) combined with partial least square (PLS) regression. The calibration model was evaluated by correlation coefficient (r), the root-mean-square error of calibration (RMSEC) and the root mean square of cross-validation (RMSECV) of the calibration model, as well as the correlation coefficient (r) and the root mean square of prediction (RMSEP) of prediction model. For the quantitative calibration model, the r, RMSEC and RMSECV of coptisine hydrochloride, dehydrocorydaline, tetrahydropalmatine, corydaline and glaucine were 0.941 0, 0.972 7, 0.964 3, 0.978 1, 0.979 9; 0.006 7, 0.003 5, 0.005 9, 0.002 8, 0.005 9; and 0.015, 0.011, 0.020, 0.010 and 0.022, respectively. For the prediction model, the r and RMSEP of the five components were 0.916 6, 0.942 9, 0.943 6, 0.916 7, 0.914 5; and 0.009, 0.006 6, 0.007 5, 0.006 9 and 0.011, respectively. The established near-infrared spectroscopy quantitative model is relatively stable, accurate and reliable for the simultaneous quantitative analysis of the five alkaloids, and is expected to be used for the rapid determination of the five components in crude drug of Corydalis Rhizoma.


Subject(s)
Alkaloids , Chemistry , Corydalis , Chemistry , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Quality Control , Rhizome , Chemistry , Spectroscopy, Near-Infrared , Methods
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-327912

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the technical feasibility of QAMS to determine different structural types of ingredients in Zhizi Jinhua pill, a Chinese patent medicine.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Emodin was chosen as the internal reference substance. The relative correction factors (RCF) of berberine, baicalin, wogonoside, baicalein, aloe-emodin, wogonin, rhein, chrysophanol and physcion to emodin were calculated with the peak areas determined at 254 nm. The ruggedness of these RCFs was validated. The contents of emodin in the samples of Zhizi Jinhua pill were determined by using the external standard method, and the contents of the other nine ingredients were calculated by their RCFs. The contents of these ten ingredients in all samples were also determined by the external standard method.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>No significant differences were observed between the quantitative results of the two methods. The obtained RCFs were credible.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The established QAMS method can be used for quantitative determination of different structural types of multi-compounds in Zhizi Jinhua pill. It can provide reference for the quality control of Chinese patent medicine.</p>


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Methods , Dosage Forms , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Quality Control
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-321345

ABSTRACT

Nineteen compounds were isolated from the whole plants of Aconitum tanguticum by various of chromatographic techniques and their structures were determined through spectral analysis (1D, 2D-NMR and MS) and comparison with the literature data. These compounds were identified as 5-hydroxymethy furfural (1), 5-acetoxymethyl furfural (2), pyrrolezanthine [5-hydroxymethyl-1-[2-(4-hydroxyphenyl) -ethyl] -1H-pyrrole-2-carbaldehyde] (3), lichiol B (4), phthalic acid dibutyl ester (5), 3, 4-dihydroxy phenylethanol (6), 3, 4-dihydroxy phenylethanol glucoside (7), salidroside (8), p-hydroxy phenylethanol (9), p-hydroxybenzoie acid glucoside (10), p-hydroxybenzoic acid (11), gastrodin (12), 1-(3, 4-dimethoxyphenyl) -1, 2-ethanediol (13), p-hydroxy benzaldehyde (14), p-hydroxy acetophenone (15), 3, 4-dihydroxy phenyl ethyl acetate (16), syringic aldehyde (17), ethyl beta-D-fructopyranoside (18), and p-hydroxybenzoic acid methyl ester (19). Compounds 3 and 4 were isolated from the Ranunculaceae family for the first time, and compounds 2, 6 and 9-19 were isolated from the Aconitum genus for the first time, and compounds 1 and 5 were isolated from the species for the first time.


Subject(s)
Aconitum , Chemistry , Benzyl Alcohols , Chemistry , Furaldehyde , Chemistry , Glucosides , Chemistry , Molecular Structure , Phenols , Chemistry , Plant Extracts , Chemistry , Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-300253

ABSTRACT

In this study, superfine comminution technique was applied to destroy the cell wall of the Panax notoginseng, and then the influence of the particle sizes and the content of effective composition of the P. notoginseng powders were learned, comparing with the common powders. Superfine comminution technique was used for 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2 h, respectively and the particle sizes, unifirmity were regarded as the evaluation index. Then, the sizes of the powders was measured that were crashed with different time by Malvern Mastersizer 2000 + Scricco 2000 and the total content of ginsenoside Rg1, ginsenoside Rb1, notoginsenoside R1 in the superfine powder of P. notoginseng were determined by HPLC-ELSD. Finally, the powder that crashed for two hours possess the more uniform in sizes that is at cell level, D50 is about 9.599 microm, the size distribution was presented as one peak, the other three samples were two peaks. The total content of the three saponins in the four samples that crashed for 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2 h by superfine comminution technique were 7.7%, 7.5%, 7.5%, 8.3%. However, the total content of the three ingredients in the common powder was 5.0%. This investigation indicated that superfine comminution technique has remarkable effect on particle size and uniformity of the common powder of P. notoginseng. By comparing the superfine powder and common powder, it was found that the method obviously improved the total content of the saponins and provided a basis for reducing dosage of notoginseng in clinical application, but the content and the crashed time were not the linear relationship. The crashed time can be chosen by combining with the demand partical sizes in the production.


Subject(s)
Chemistry, Pharmaceutical , Methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Panax notoginseng , Chemistry , Particle Size , Powders , Chemistry
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