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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928952

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the efficacy and safety of Zhuang medicine medicated thread moxibustion (ZMTM) on psoriasis vulgaris.@*METHODS@#A multicenter, randomized, parallel controlled clinical trial was designed. A total of 241 outpatients with psoriasis vulgaris were randomly divided into a control group (120 cases) and a treatment group (121 cases) using a central block randomization from June 2015 to May 2018. The control group was treated with Western medicines alone including pidotimod dispersible tablets, vitamin B compound tablets, and compound cod liver oil-zinc oxide ointment. The treatment group was treated with ZMTM every 2 days combined with Western medicines. The two groups received continuous intervention for 30 days. The primary outcome was Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI), and the secondary outcomes included Itch Rating Scale, Dermatology Quality of Life Index (DLQI), Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAMA), as well as PASI response rate. Meanwhile, adverse events were evaluated during the whole clinical trial. Follow-up was carried out 30 days after treatment.@*RESULTS@#There were 5 cases of shedding in this trial. In intention-to-treat analysis, 236 cases were included and each group contained 118 cases. On the 30th and 60th days, PASI scores of patients in each group were significantly lower than that at baseline (P<0.01) and the PASI score reduction of the treatment group was greater than that of the control group (P<0.01). Itch Rating Scale, DLQI, and HAMA scale were decreased in both groups after treatment, and the treatment group showed a better therapeutic effect (P<0.01). The response rates of PASI 50 and 75 were significantly higher than those in the control group [81.4% (96/118), 43.2% (51/118) vs. 41.5% (49/118), 11.0% (13/118), respectively, P<0.05]. During follow-up, the improvements in scores of PASI, Itch Rating Scale, DLQI, and HAMA of the treatment group were significantly greater than those of the control group (P<0.01). The response rates of PASI 50 and 75 in the treatment group were significantly higher than those in the control group, respectively (both P<0.05). No obvious adverse reaction was found in either group.@*CONCLUSION@#ZMTM combined with Western medicines showed a better therapeutic effect in the treatment of psoriasis vulgaris without obvious adverse reaction. (Trial Registration No. ChiCTR-IOR-16008159).


Subject(s)
Humans , Moxibustion/adverse effects , Psoriasis/drug therapy , Quality of Life , Severity of Illness Index , Treatment Outcome
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878907

ABSTRACT

Berberine is the main extract of Coptis chinensis, and its anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antibacterial and immunomodulatory effects have been confirmed by modern studies. Ulcerative colitis(UC) is a chronic, idiopathic inflammatory bowel disease with unknown etiology. Its causes involve genetics, intestinal microecology and mucosal immune system disorders. In this paper, literatures on relevant pathways and mechanism of berberine on ulcerative colitis in recent years were consulted and summarized to provide me-thods and ideas for developing berberine in the treatment of UC and exploring the mechanisms. The results showed that berberine protects the intestinal mucosal barrier, restores the body's normal immune response, and improves oxidative stress by regulating multiple signaling pathways, such as JAK-STAT, NK-κB, PI3 K-AKT, MAPK, Nrf2, ERS, and MLCK-MLC, so as to treat UC.


Subject(s)
Berberine/pharmacology , Colitis , Colitis, Ulcerative/genetics , Humans , Intestinal Mucosa , Signal Transduction
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872986

ABSTRACT

Objective::The effects of three different doses of borneol on acute myocardial infarction (AMI) model rats and the effects on oxidative stress factors were compared to provide reference for elucidation of the dose-effect relationship and mechanism of anti-myocardial infarction. Method::Healthy adult male SPF SD rats were randomly divided into sham operation group, model group, solvation model group, nitroglycerin group, Borneolum high, medium and low dose(0.6, 0.3, 0.15 g·kg-1) group, l-Borneolum and Borneolum syntheticum high, medium, low dose(0.2, 0.1, 0.05 g·kg-1) group, a total of 13 groups, 20 in each group. Gavage was performed at 20 mL·kg-1 once a day for 3 days of continuous preventive administration. The sham operation group and the model group were given the same volume of distilled water, and the solvation model group was given the same volume of 5% polysorbate 80.On the third day of the pre-administration, 30 minutes after the last dose, the left anterior descending coronary artery was ligated to make a model, and the successful rats were treated for 3 days. BL-420N biological system analyzer was used to record the ST-segment amplitude and hemodynamic changes. Rat body weight and cardiac weight were weighed to calculate cardiac viscera coefficients, 2, 3, 5-triphenyl tetrazolium chloride (TTC) staining was used to calculate the myocardial infarction rate. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was used to evaluate the degree of myocardial pathological damage. According to the kit requirements, serum levels of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), aspartate amino-transaminase (AST), creatine kinase isoenzyme (CK-MB) and oxidative stress factors superoxide dismutase (SOD), malondialdehyde (MDA) were detected. Result::Compared with the sham operation group, the ST segment amplitude of the model group significantly increased after 5 minutes, the left ventricular diastolic blood pressure (LVDP) value increased significantly, and the measured maximum shortening velocity (Vpm) value of the left ventricular myocardial contraction component significantly decreased. The organ coefficient and myocardial infarction rate were extremely significantly increased, and the myocardial pathological tissue was severely damaged. The serum CK-MB, AST, LDH, and MDA contents were significantly increased (P<0.05, P<0.01). Compared with the solvation model group, the Borneolum and l-Borneolum in the middle and low, and the Borneolum syntheticum high dose groups could significantly inhibited the abnormal elevation of ST segments at different time points. The Borneolum and l-Borneolum high, medium, low, and Borneolum syntheticum high dose groups significantly increased the left ventricular systolic blood pressure (LVSP) value and decrease the LVDP value (P<0.01). The Borneolum medium, low, and l-Borneolum high, medium, Borneolum syntheticum high dose groups significantly increased the maximum rate of left ventricular pressure rise (dp/dt max) and Vpm value (P<0.05, P<0.01). The Borneolum and l-Borneolum medium, low dose groups significantly reduced rat cardiac organ coefficients. The Borneolum high, medium, low and l-Borneolum, Borneolum syntheticum medium, low dose groups significantly improved myocardial infarction in rats (P< 0.05, P<0.01). The Borneolum low, l-Borneolum high, medium, and Borneolum syntheticum high groups also significantly improved the degree of pathological damage (P<0.01). High dose of l-Borneolum significantly reduced CK-MB content, medium and low dose of l-Borneolum significantly reduced AST activity, medium and low dose of l-Borneolum, high, medium and low dose of Borneolum syntheticum significantly reduced LDH activity (P<0.05, P<0.01). Serum SOD activity of rats in l-Borneolum high, medium, and Borneolum syntheticum high dose groups increased significantly (P<0.05, P<0.01). Serum MDA levels in Borneolum high, medium, low, and l-Borneolum high, middle dose groups significantly decreased (P<0.01). Conclusion::Three kinds of borneol in different dose groups can play different degrees of myocardial protection. Under the experimental conditions, there was a trend of l-Borneolum>Borneolum>Borneolum syntheticum in improving the efficacy of myocardial infarction, the dose-effect of Borneolum was negatively correlated, Borneolum syntheticum was positively correlated, and no significant dose-effect relationship between l-Borneolum.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872702

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the protective effect of different doses of single-flavored Coptis, Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex, and their compatibility on ulcerative colitis (UC) model rats and the colonic B lymphoblastoma-2 associated X protein (Bax) and cysteine-containing aspartame-3(Caspase-3) protein, inflammatory cytokines, and other expressions. Method:The 120 healthy adult SD rats were randomly divided into blank group, model group, sulfasalazine group, Coptidis Rhizoma 2.00, 1.00, 0.50 g·kg-1 group, Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex 2.00, 1.00, 0.50 g·kg-1 group, Coptidis Rhizoma combine with Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex 4.00, 2.00, 1.00 g·kg-1 group, 12 groups with 10 rats in each group. The UC model was prepared by 2,4, 6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid/ethanol (TNBS/ethanol). After 24 h of modeling, the rats were gavaged at 10 mL·kg-1 for one time/d. After modeling, the mental state, activity state, hair luster, stool characteristics, and blood in the stool of each group were observed. After continuous administration for 6 days, colon tissues and spleen were taken after the last administration for 24 h. The ratio of colonic weight to length and spleen index was calculated. The degree of colonic injury was evaluated according to the colonic mucosal injury index (CMDI) score criteria. the histopathological observation was performed using hematoxylin-eosin staining (HE). The expression levels of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-10 (IL-10), and myeloperoxidase (MPO) in the serum of Coptidis Rhizoma 2.00 g·kg-1 group, Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex 2.00 g·kg-1 group, Coptidis Rhizoma combine with Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex 4.00 g·kg-1 were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) in blank group and model group. Western blot was used to detect the expression of Bax and Caspase-3 proteins in the colon of rats. Result:Compared with blank group, rats in model group were sluggish and less active. The colon weight-length ratio, spleen index, CMDI, and colon tissue pathological damage increased significantly, and the expression of serum TNF-α, IL-6, and MPO increased significantly. Serum IL-10 expression levels were extremely significantly reduced (P<0.01). Compared with model group, the sulfasalazine group, the Coptidis Rhizoma 2.00, 1.00 g·kg-1 group, the Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex 2.00 g·kg-1 group, and the three-dose groups of Coptidis Rhizoma combine with Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex, their colon weight-length ratio and CMDI were significantly reduced (P<0.05,P<0.01). The colon weight length ratio and CMDI index of the Coptidis Rhizoma 0.50 g·kg-1 group, Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex 0.50 and 1.00 g·kg-1 group were not significantly different from the model group but compared with Coptidis Rhizoma and Magnolia 0.50 g·kg-1 group, the ratio of colon weight to length in the group of Coptidis Rhizoma combine with Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex 1.00 g·kg-1 group was significantly reduced (P<0.01). Compared with model group, the spleen index of the sulfasalazine group, the Coptidis Rhizoma 2.00 g·kg-1, and the Coptidis Rhizoma combine with Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex 4.00 g·kg-1 group were significantly lower (P<0.05), compared with model group, the sulfasalazine group, Coptidis Rhizoma 2.00, 1.00 g·kg-1 and Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex 2.00 g·kg-1, thre dose groups of Coptidis Rhizoma combine with Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex can significantly improve the depth and scope of histopathological damage and tissue necrosis. Compared with the model group, the preferred Coptidis Rhizoma 2.00 g·kg-1 group, Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex 2.00 g·kg-1 group, Coptidis Rhizoma combine with Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex 4.00 g·kg-1 group serum TNF-α, IL-6, MPO expression levels are extremely significantly reduced, the level of IL-10 increased significantly (P<0.01).Compared with blank group, the expression of  Bax and Caspase-3 protein in the colon of model group was significantly increased (P<0.01). Compared with model group, the expression of Bax and Caspase-3 protein in preferred Coptidis Rhizoma 2.00 g·kg-1 group and Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex 2.00 g·kg-1 group, Coptidis Rhizoma combine with Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex 4.00 g·kg-1 group were significantly reduced (P<0.01). Conclusion:The compatibility of single-flavored Coptidis Rhizoma, Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex, and Coptidis Rhizoma combine with Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex may improve the pathology of UC model rats induced by TNBS/ethanol by down-regulating the expression of Bax and Caspase-3 protein, inhibiting the release of inflammatory cytokines and promoting the release of anti-inflammatory factors injury, it plays a role in protecting colonic mucosa. The compatibility effect of Coptidis Rhizoma and Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex is better than that of single medicine, and Coptidis Rhizoma has a tendency to be better than Magnoliae Officinalis Cortex.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827457

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical effects of thick-needle therapy (TNT) and acupuncture therapy (AT) on patients with Bell's palsy (BP) at the recovery stage.@*METHODS@#A total of 146 eligible participants from 3 hospitals in China were randomized into the TNT group (73 cases) and the AT group (73 cases) using a central randomization. Both groups received Western medicine thrice a day for 4 weeks. Moreover, patients in the TNT group received subcutaneous insertion of a thick needle into Shendao (GV 11) acupoint, while patients in the AT group received AT at acupoints of Cuanzhu (BL 2), Yangbai (GB 14), Dicang (ST 4), Xiaguan (ST 7), Jiache (ST 6), Yingxiang (LI 20) and Hegu (LI 4), 4 times a week, for 4 weeks. Both groups received 2 follow-up visits, which were arranged at 1 month and 3 months after treatment, respectively. The primary outcome measure was House-Brackmann Facial Nerve Grading System (HBFNGS) grade. And the clinical recovery rates of both groups were evaluated according to the HBFNGS grades after treatment. The secondary outcome measures included the facial disability index (FDI) and electroneurogram (EnoG). The adverse events were observed and recorded in both groups.@*RESULTS@#Three cases withdrew from the trial, 2 in the TNT group and 1 in the AT group. There was no signifificant difference in the clinical recovery rates between the TNT and AT groups after 4-week treatment [40.85% (29/71) vs. 34.72% (25/72), P>0.05]. At the 2nd follow-up visit, more patients in the TNT group showed reduced HBFNGS grades than those in the AT group (P0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The clinical effect of TNT was equivalent to that of AT in patients with BP at recovery stage, while the post-treatment effect of TNT was superior to that of AT. (Registration No. ChiCTR-INR-16008409).

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-847045

ABSTRACT

The development of low-frequency ultrasound imaging technology and the improvement of ultrasound contrast agent production technology mean that they play an increasingly important role in tumor therapy. The interaction between ultrasound and microbubbles and their biological effects can transfer and release microbubbles carrying genes and drugs to target tissues, mediate the apoptosis of tumor cells, and block the embolization of tumor microvasculature. With the optimization of ultrasound parameters, the development of targeted microbubbles, and the emergence of various composite probes with both diagnostic and therapeutic functions, low-frequency ultrasound combined with microbubble contrast agents will bring new hope for clinical tumor treatment.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777506

ABSTRACT

As a rare endangered medical plant that newly cultivated,little experimental information is available for growth and metabolites of Tetrastigma hemsleyanum in response to nitrogen( N). The effects of different levels of N on growth of T. hemsleyanum and the content of phytochemicals( polysaccharide,total flavonoids and phenolics) and antioxidant activity( ABTS and FRAP) in stems and leaves were investigated in this study. A certain amount of N had positive effects on most of biological traits,and excessive dose of N went against growth of T. hemsleyanum. With N levels decreased,the polysaccharide content in stems and leaves had no significant change,while the total flavonoid and phenolic content,and antioxidant activities increased steadily. Antioxidant activities and total flavonoid and phenolic content had significant positive correlation. Excessive N fertilizer should be avoided by cultivation.


Subject(s)
Antioxidants , Flavonoids , Nitrogen , Phenols , Phytochemicals , Plant Extracts , Plant Leaves , Vitaceae
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772772

ABSTRACT

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most prevalent malignant tumors worldwide. Liver transplantation (LT) is known as a curative and therapeutic modality. However, the survival rates of recipients after LT are still not good enough because of tumor recurrence. To improve the survival rates of recipients after LT, identifying predictive factors for prognosis after LT and establishing a model assessing prognosis are very important to HCC patients. There has recently been a lot of clinical and basic research on recurrence and prognosis after LT. Progress has been made, especially in selection criteria for LT recipients and risk factors for predicting prognosis after LT. Hangzhou criteria, in line with China's high current incidence rate of primary liver, are first proposed by Chinese scholars of LT, and are accepted world-wide, and make an important contribution to the development of LT.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Mortality , General Surgery , China , Epidemiology , Humans , Liver Neoplasms , Mortality , General Surgery , Liver Transplantation , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Mortality , Patient Selection , Prognosis , Risk Factors , Survival Rate
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335868

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the applicability and clinical applications of Guidelines for Diagnosis and Treatment of Internal Diseases in Traditional Chinese Medicine, so as to provide the basis for the revision of the guidelines. This study was completed by the research and promotion base for traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) standard. The methods of applicability evaluation and application evaluation were used in the study. The questionnaires were filled out to evaluate applicability of the guideline, including doctor's familiarity with the guideline,the quality of the guideline, applicable conditions and clinical applications. The prospective case study analysis method was used to evaluate application of the guideline, including evaluation of clinical application compliance and application results(such as clinical effects, safety and economy). There were two parts in the guideline, which were TCM guideline and Western medicine guideline. The results of applicability evaluation showed that there were no obvious differences between TCM guideline and Western medicine guideline in doctor's familiarity with guideline(85.43%, 84.57%) and the use of the guideline(52.10%, 54.47%); the guidelines with good quality, and higher scores in the scope of application and the use of the term rationality(91.94%, 93.35%); the rationality scores of relevant contents in syndrome differentiation and treatment were more than 75%; the applicable conditions were better, and the safety score was the the highest. The comprehensive applicability evaluation showed that the proportion of the application of TCM guideline and Western medicine guideline were 77.73%, 75.46%, respectively. The results of application evaluation showed that there was high degree coincidence between the guideline with its clinical application; except for "other treatment" and "recuperation and prevention" in TCM, other items got high scores which were more than 90%; in the evaluation of application effects, safety of the guideline was best, economy of the guideline was better, and clincal effect was good. The comprehensive application evaluation showed that 75%~80% doctors were satisfied with the guideline. The Guidelines for Diagnosis and Treatment of Internal Diseases in Traditional Chinese Medicine has been widely used in clinical practice, which is of high quality, high degree of clinical application,good safety and economy. But there were some disadvantages of the guideline such as lack of evidence-based medicine and innovation, which is need to be improved constantly in the guideline revision.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335867

ABSTRACT

Clinical application evaluation research of Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Common Diseases of Pediatrics in Traditional Chinese Medicine intends to evaluate the quality level and clinical application of the guideline. A questionnaire and prospective case survey methods were used to evaluate the applicability evaluation based on the clinician questionnaire and the application evaluation based on clinical case observation. The applicability evaluation, familiarity and utilization rate of doctors' guidelines were 85.06%, 62.76%; Sort by technical grade, intermediate grade doctors have a higher familiarity rate and utilization rate, while the junior grade doctor's is lower; Guide quality level of applicability evaluation, other items' rational percentage are better than 96% except the items of health preserving and prevention and other treatment is relatively low; Items' applicable percentage of applicability evaluation are more than 91% except the item of guide simplicity. Comprehensive applicability evaluation, The percentage of the guideline applicable to clinical practice accounted for 94.94%. The consistency rate of syndrome differentiation and clinical application is more than 96% in addition to prescription medication, other treatments and health preserving and prevention of the guidelines apply consistency of application evaluation. The percentage of good treatment effect accounted for 92.96% of application effect evaluation. The safety percentage is 99.89% and economy is 97.45%. The research shows that of Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Common Diseases of Pediatrics in Traditional Chinese Medicine quality level is good and is basically applicable to pediatric clinical practice which can be used as a standardized recommendation of pediatric common diseases' treatment specification. A small part of the guidelines are not applicable and need to be further consummated. Health preserving and prevention and other treatment of the guideline need to be revised.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335866

ABSTRACT

This study is to assess the Guidelines for Diagnosis and Treatment of Common Diseases of Otolaryngology in Traditional Chinese Medicine in clinical application and provide evidence for further guideline revision. The assessment was divided into applicability assessment and practicability assessment. The applicability assessment based on questionnaire survey and the traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) practitioners were asked to independently fill the Questionnaire for Applicability Assessment on the Guidelines for Diagnosis and Treatment in Traditional Chinese Medicine. The practicability assessment was based on prospective case investigation and analysis method and the TCM practitioners-in-charge filled the Case Investigation Questionnaire for Practicability Assessment on the Guidelines for Diagnosis and Treatment in Traditional Chinese Medicine. The data were analyzed in descriptive statistics. 151 questionnaires were investigated for applicability assessment and 1 016 patients were included for practicability assessment. The results showed that 88.74% of them were familiar with the guidelines and 45.70% used them. The guidelines quality and related items were similar in applicability assessment and practicability assessment, and scored highly as more than 85.00% except the "recuperating and prevention". The results suggested that the quality of Guidelines for Diagnosis and Treatment of Common Diseases of Otolaryngology in Traditional Chinese Medicine was high and could better guide the clinical practice. The "recuperating and prevention" part should be improved and the evidence data should be included in future guideline revision, so that the clinical utilization rate could be increased.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335865

ABSTRACT

This study aims to evaluate the adaptability and applicability of Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Cancer in Traditional Chinese Medicine. The assessment methods included adaptability assessment and applicability assessment. The adaptability assessment was based on the questionnaire survey to evaluate the familiarity, utilization, quality, and clinical application of the Guidelines; applicability assessment was based on the prospective observation of 853 clinical cases to investigate the applicability and effect of the Guidelines, including effectiveness, economy and safety. Statistical analysis for basic description, construction of different comparison groups for cross or hierarchical statistical test, multi-factor analysis, and confounding factors were used in the study. Adaptability assessment results showed that 63.03% of TCM doctors considered guidelines as good or very good applicability and 4.24% of TCM doctors considered guidelines with very poor applicability in clinical practice. For the applicability evaluation, TCM doctors considered that the "overall efficacy and technology level", "satisfactory degree" and "adaptability in clinical practice" of the guideline were 85.46%, 80.43% and 69.40% respectively. The results showed that guideline was well known among TCM doctors, especially junior TCM doctors. Adaptability and applicability of Guidelines were totally good but the quality and adaptability of the intervention schemes were still week, so the quality of Guidelines should be improved by revision.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335864

ABSTRACT

To provide reference for revising the Guidelines for Diagnosis and Treatment of Common Diseases of Coloproctology in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) through clinical research. 9 TCM hospitals worldwide have conducted a survey and questionnaires for 7 CPGs have been received. 263 cases clinical doctors accepted the applicability survey of guidelines. 89.35% is more familiar to the guidelines and 36.12% have been used the guidelines. In syndrome differentiation and treatment related contents, diagnostic point, treatment and syndrome differentiation are higher, accounted for 96.96%, 88.59%, 96.20%, respectively. Rationality of prevention is lower, accounted for 65.02%.88.21% clinical doctors believe that the Guidelines for Diagnosis and Treatment of Common Diseases of Coloproctology in Traditional Chinese Medicine is applicable. The application of the guidelines is evaluated by prospective observation of 1 309 cases. The higher consistency between guidelines and clinical practice is Western medicine disease diagnosis and traditional Chinese medicine disease diagnosis, accounted for 98.70%, 90.76%, respectively. The lower is rationality of prevention, accounted for 49.27%. The safety and economy of the guidelines are better, accounted for 97.02%, 95.11%, respectively. The comprehensive evaluation results showed that the overall treatment effect and technical level, satisfaction degree, applicability in clinical practice which were 7-9 points is 81.52%, 80.60%, 79.30%.The complex evaluation of diagnosis and treatment of common diseases of coloproctology in TCM guidelines is good, and suitable for clinical application with increase the content of rationality of prevention.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335863

ABSTRACT

To assess the quality and application effect of Guidelines for Diagnosis and Treatment of Common Diseases of Dermatology in Traditional Chinese Medicine(Guidelines) through the applicability and applicability evaluation respectively. The questionnaire survey was adopted to evaluate the applicability of the Guidelines, including the utilization, quality, and clinical application conditions. The results showed that the familiarity rate and utilization rate of the Guidelines were 85.37%, 48.78%, respectively. The data showed that the familiarity and the utilization rates were different in the working staff with different professional titles. The evaluation level was the lowest given by the staff with junior professional title (70.97%, 29.03%) in comparison. The assessment showed the overall quality of the Guideline was good and slightly low level for the rationality scores of the other therapeutic methods as well as for the recuperation and prevention (80.49%, 85.37%), which was in line with the clinical compliance of the Guideline. The perspective observation of clinical cases was used for the applicability evaluation, including clinical compliance of the Guideline, effect evaluation, and comprehensive assessment, et al. The results showed that the safety score was the highest, followed by the economic issue and efficacy. For the comprehensive evaluation of the applicability, complete applicability accounted for 29.27%, and the general applicability accounted for 87.80%. It was showed in the three index scores of the applicability evaluation that the accumulative score 7-9 scores were 75.65%, 73.89%, 71.12%. Through the applicability and applicability evaluation, the Guideline was satisfactory in the overall quality, high in the safety of clinical application and good in efficacy and economic issues. There are some limits on the development method and technical issues in the Guideline, which is required to be supplemented in the revision. Additionally, the strategy study on the promotion of the Guideline should be enhanced so as to expedite the recognition and utilization of the Guideline.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335862

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the clinical applicability and application of Guidelines for Diagnosis and Treatment of Common Diseases of Gynecology in Traditional Chinese Medicine, 11 diseases from Guidelines for Diagnosis and Treatment of Common Diseases of Gynecology in Traditional Chinese Medicine were evaluated by methods of questionnaire and prospective case study at 16 construction units for traditional Chinese medicine standards research and extension. Results showed that 361 clinical doctors accepted the applicability survey of guidelines, and 87.26% of them were more familiar to the guideline and 25.21% of them used the guideline. In syndrome differentiation and treatment related contents, rationality of prescription medication and syndrome classification was higher, accounted for 91.69% and 86.98% respectively, but the rationality of recuperation prevention was lower, accounted for 44.6%. 75.62% clinical doctors believed that the Guidelines for Diagnosis and Treatment of Common Diseases of Gynecology in Traditional Chinese Medicine was applicable. The application of the guidelines is evaluated by prospective observation of 2 935 cases. The higher compliance between the guideline and clinical practice was present in TCM (traditional Chinese medicine) disease diagnosis and WM (western medicine) disease diagnosis, accounted for 98.30% and 94.11% respectively. The lower compliance was present in recuperation prevention, accounted for 59.39%. The safety and economy of the guideline was higher, accounting for 95.64%, 94.75%, respectively. The comprehensive evaluation results showed that the rate of the overall treatment effect with technical level, satisfaction degree or applicability in clinical practice which were 7-9 points is 77.38%, 74.00%, 76.90% respectively. This guideline has a high clinical compliance and can be used as a standard for common diseases of gynecology, but there are also some conditions with poor applicability, which does not conform to the actual situation, and needs to be further revised.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-853577

ABSTRACT

Objective: To optimize the preparation process of gambogic acid (GA) liposomes and study the in vitro and in vivo release. Methods: The detection method of GA was established, using the Box-Behnken experiment design to optimize liposomes formula, GA liposomes were obtained with the highest encapsulation efficiency; Using scanning electron micrographs (SEM) to observe liposome surface morphology, using the dialysis method to study the liposome release in vitro, we also measured the stability of liposome in 15 d; Male Wistar rats were injected with GA or GA liposomes (1 mg/mL) via tail vein, UPLC-MS/MS method was used to determine the drug concentration, and differences in pharmacokinetic parameters of the two drugs were compared. Results: After Box-Behnken optimization, the encapsulation efficiency of liposomes was 92.3%, and the optimized liposomes formula is cholesterol of 440 mg, egg phosphatidylcholine of 1823 mg,,and istearoyl phosphoethanolamine-PEG 2000 of 705 mg, liposomes had uniform particle size and smooth surface; In vitro release results showed that the liposomes could be gentle and slowly release and had a long- term effect. The liposomes were stable keeping in 4 ℃ within 15 d; In in vivo study, the half-life of GA liposome was 9.97 h, 4.43 times of GA; AUC0-24 h of GA liposome was 22.55 μg∙h/mL, 4.73 times of GA. Conclusion: Compared with GA, GA liposome has the characteristics of long-circulating, high blood drug concentration, and could release smoothly.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-286341

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the effectiveness and safety of external applying Compound Tripterygium wilfordii Hook F. (TwHF) in relieving joint pain in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>In this double-blinded, randomized multicenter trial, a total of 174 moderately active RA patients were enrolled and randomly assigned to the treatment group (treated with Compound TwHF, 87 cases) and the placebo control group (87 cases). Compound TwHF or placebo was externally applied in painful joints, 20 g each time, once per day for 8 weeks. Self-reported joint pain relief was taken as a primary effective indicator. Visual analogue scale for pain (VAS), disease activity score of 28 joints (DAS28), VAS for general health (GH) were evaluated before treatment, at week 4 and after treatment. Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and hypersensitive C reactive protein (hs-CRP) were tested before and after treatment. Menstrual changes in females were observed during treatment. Skin irritation occurred during the recording process was assessed using skin irritation strength. Intention to treat (ITT) was statistically analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The joint pain relief rate in the treatment group was 90.8% (79/87 cases), higher than that in the placebo control group (69.0%, 60/87 cases; P = 0.001). VAS pain score, DAS28, VAS for GH score were significantly improved in the two groups at week 4 of treatment and after treatment, as compared with before treatment (P < 0.01). ESR and hs-CRP levels significantly decreased in the treatment group after treatment (P < 0.05, P < 0.01). No difference was found in post-treatment VAS pain score, DAS28, VAS for GH score, ESR, or hs-CRP between the two groups (P > 0.05). Eight adverse events occurred in the treatment group (5 skin allergy, 1 intolerance of medical odor, and 2 mild liver injury), while 3 adverse events occurred in the placebo control group (2 skin allergy, 1 mild liver injury). There was no statistical difference in adverse event between the two groups (P > 0.05). No menstrual change occurred in the treatment group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>External applying Compound TwHF was an effective and safe way to relieve-joint pain of RA patients, which could be taken as an adjuvant therapy.</p>


Subject(s)
Arthralgia , Drug Therapy , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Drug Therapy , Blood Sedimentation , C-Reactive Protein , Drug Therapy, Combination , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Female , Humans , Phytotherapy , Treatment Outcome , Tripterygium
18.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2281-2286, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-307422

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Diabetes mellitus (DM) remains a major health problem worldwide. Several clinical trials have shown the superiority of the Traditional Chinese Medicine in delaying or reversing the development and progression of DM. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of Jinlida (JLD) granule, a Chinese herbal recipe, in the treatment of impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and its effect on the prevention of DM.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sixty-five IGT patients were randomized to receive one bag of JLD granules three times daily (JLD group, n = 34) or no drug intervention (control group, n = 31) for 12 weeks. Oral glucose tolerance test, glycated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), body mass index, blood lipids levels, fasting insulin, and insulin resistance calculated using homeostatic model assessment (HOMA-IR) of all the patients were observed and compared before and after the treatment.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Sixty-one participants completed the trial (32 in JLD group and 29 in the control group). There were statistically significant decreases in HbA1c (P < 0.001), 2-h plasma glucose (P < 0.001), and HOMA-IR (P = 0.029) in JLD group compared with the control group after 12 weeks of treatment. After 12 weeks of treatment, two (6.9%) patients returned to normal blood glucose, and five (17.2%) patients turned into DM in control group, while in the JLD group, 14 (43.8%) returned to normal blood glucose and 2 (6.2%) turned into DM. There was a significant difference in the number of subjects who had normal glucose at the end of the study between two groups (P = 0.001).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>JLD granule effectively improved glucose control, increased the conversion of IGT to normal glucose, and improved the insulin resistance in patients with IGT. This Chinese herbal medicine may have a clinical value for IGT.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Blood Glucose , Body Mass Index , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Female , Glucose Intolerance , Blood , Drug Therapy , Glucose Tolerance Test , Glycated Hemoglobin A , Metabolism , Humans , Hypoglycemic Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Insulin , Blood , Insulin Resistance , Male , Middle Aged
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-854844

ABSTRACT

Objective: In this study, we specifically deleted apigenin (AP) from the active fraction of Clinopodium chinense (CCE), and aimed at identifying the effect of AP on how CCE exerted its amelioration on high glucose-induced injury in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (EA.hy926). Methods: By using Sephadex LH-20 gel column chromatography, AP was specifically deleted from CCE, and the apigenin-depleted sample of CCE (CCEAP-)was obtained. The cultured endothelial cells were divided into five groups: normal control group, high glucose model group, CCE group, CCEAP- group, and AP group. The cell viability was assayed by MTT assay. Flow cytometry was used to measure the intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS). Morphology of cell apoptosis was determined by fluorescence microscopy with Hoechst staining. The rate of apoptosis was measured by flow cytometry staining with AnnexinV-FITC. Caspase-3 activity was measured using caspase-3 colorimetric assay kit. The expression of Bax was detected by Western blotting. Results: CCE and AP could significantly improve the cell viability, reduce the generation of intracellular ROS in EA.hy926 induced by high glucose. Meanwhile, CCE and AP can reduce the ratio of apoptosis, activity of caspase-3, and expression of Bax, while CCE knocked out apigenin (CCEAP-) had a slight improvement on the high glucose-induced endothelial cell injury. Conclusion: AP is one of the principal components improving the high glucose-induced endothelial cell injury, and its anti-apoptosis effect may be related to anti-oxidative stress.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-850568

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prevalence of functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) in the rural population. Methods A questionnaire survey was carried out in six villages of Lankao county in Henan Province, using the Rome III criteria, to assess the prevalence of FGIDs, and to analyze the FGID-related risk factors, using self-rating anxiety scale (SAS) and self-rating depression scale (SDS) to assess their risk factors. Results A total of 3032 residents (male 1531, female 1501) were investigated with mean age of 42.5±16.8 years. Among the residents surveyed, 282(9.30%) were diagnosed with FGIDs. The prevalence of the complaints showed that functional heartburn (1.99%), functional dyspepsia (1.85%), non-specific functional gastrointestinal disorders (1.76%) and irritable bowel syndrome (1.58%) ranked the highest in above order. There was no significant difference in the prevalence of FGIDs between female (10.26%) and male (8.36%, P>0.05). The prevalence rate of FGID increased with the increase of age, and reached the peak in the people with age over 60 years (18.58%, P<0.001). Statistical analysis indicated that smoking might be associated with FGIDs, accounting 12.76% in smoking people and 8.79% in non-smoking people (P<0.05). Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that FGIDs might involve the following risk factors, including advanced age, irregular eating habit, with a preference of eating raw or cold foods, cold drinking, anxiety and depression (P<0.05). Conclusions The prevalence rate of FGIDs in these areas is lower than that reported elsewhere. Age and unhealthy life style might be the risk factors of FGIDs. The psychologic disorders such as anxiety and depression were also associated with people suffering from FGIDs.

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