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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-258476

ABSTRACT

To investigate the effect of the combination of gastrodia and uncaria on the pharmacokinetics of gastrodin and rhynchophylline, and determine their pharmacokinetic parameters after administration of the combination of gastrodia and uncaria at the ratio of 12∶9. Compared with uncaria group or gastrodia group, Cmax and AUC of both gastrodin and rhynchophylline were significantly increased, and tmax was retroceded by 1.5 h for rhynchophylline and 0.25 h for gastrodin. The change of tmax resulted in a 1.25 h difference in the peak time between gastrodin and rhynchophylline , which was the same between them. Uncaria shows a more effect in suppressing hyperactive Yang, while gastrodia has a balancing effect by nourishing Yin and suppressing hyperactive Yang. As a result, gastrodia could exert the effect in nourishing Yin and suppressing effect of uncaria, which could avoid the deficiency of Yang affecting Yin due to mono-treatment of uncaria. On one hand, the enhanced AUC and Cmax of gastrodin could increase the average plasma drug concentration of gastrodin, and remedy the losing effect of uncaria at the early stage; On the other hand, the increased AUC and Cmax of rhynchophylline could make up the quick elimination of gastrodia in vivo at the late stage. Their combination could lead to an increased anti-hypertensive effect with the balance of Yin and Yang. They showed unique advantages compared with simple dosage increase of western medicines. The results were consistent with the principle of TCM treatment for the hypertension due to hyperactivity of the liver Yang. In short, this study gives a good pharmacokinetic explanation of the balance of Yin and Yang and TCM treatment for both symptoms and root cause.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-351247

ABSTRACT

In order to efficiently control the quality of the Tibetan medicine Gentianae Szechenyii Flos, the quality standard was established in this study. The tests of water content, total ash and ethanol-soluble extractives of the crude drugs were carried out based on the methods recorded in appendix of Chinese Pharmacopeia (2010 edition, volume 1). The TLC method was established by using reference drug and gentiournoside A as reference substance, and a mixture of ethyl acetate-methanol-water-formic acid (7: 1.5: 1: 0.2) as the developing solvent system on silica gel G TLC plate. The content of gentiournoside A was assayed by HPLC on a Ultimate XB-C18 (4.6 mm x 250 mm, 5 μm) column, using methanol-water (0.02% phosphoric acid) (52:48) as the mobile phase at a flow rate of 1.0 mL x min(-1). The column temperature is 25 degrees C and the detection wavelength is at 240 nm. As a result, gentiournoside A and the other constituents were separated and presented the same fluorescence light comparing with the reference substance on TLC detected under the UV light(366 nm). The methodology validation for the assay of gentiournoside A showed that it was in a good linear correlation in the range of 10.01-400.32 mg x L(-1) with the regression equation of Y = 1 539.5X - 33.339 (r = 0.999 7), and the average recovery was 99.68% (RSD 1.92%). The mass fractions of gentiournoside A, water content, ethanol-soluble extractives of 19 batches samples were varied in the ranges of 14.48-31.51 mg x g(-1), 11.25% -12.74% and 24.21% - 31.60%, respectively, and total ash was 4.64% - 6.12% detected from 10 batches samples. The recommended standards of quantitative indexes are that the mass fractions of gentiournoside A and extractives are not less than 15.0 mg x g(-1) (1.5%) and 21.0%, respectively; the water and total ash are not more than 13.0% and 6.0%, respectively.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Chromatography, Thin Layer , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Reference Standards , Flowers , Chemistry , Gentiana , Chemistry , Medicine, Tibetan Traditional , Quality Control
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-237715

ABSTRACT

Gentianae Urnulae Herba, dried whole herb of Gentiana urnula,is a commonly used Tibetan medicine. However, only the character identification is used as quality control standard officially at present. As a part of project for the Chinese Pharmacopoeia (2015 edition), the quality standard of this species was established in this study. The tests of water content, total ash, acid-insoluble ash and ethanol-soluble extractives of the crude drugs were carried out following the methods recorded in appendix of Chinese Pharmacopeia (2010 edition, volume 1). The TLC identification method was established by using gentiournoside A as reference substance, and a mixture of ethyl acetate-methanol-water-formic acid(7:1. 5:1: 0. 2) as the developing solvent system on silica gel G TLC plate. The content of gentiournoside A was assayed by HPLC on an Agilent Zorbax SB-C18 (4.6 mm x 250 mm,5 μm) column, using acetonitrile-water (0.1% phosphoric acid) (26:74) as the mobile phase at a flow rate of 1.0 mL x min(-1). The column temperature is at 30 degrees C and the detection wavelength is at 240 nm. As a result, gentiournoside A and the other constituents were separated and presented the same fluorescence light comparing with the reference substance on TLC detected under the UV light(366 nm). The methodology validation for the assay of gentiournoside A showed that it was in a good linear correlation in the range of 0.009 95-0.398 g x L(-1) with the regression equation of Y = 1 467.1X +41.407(r = 0.999 9), and the average recovery was 98. 3% (RSD 2.2%). The mass fractions of gentiournoside A, water content, ethanol-soluble extractives of 15 batches samples were varied in the ranges of 0.175% -1.83%, 8.60% - 9.93% and 29.2% - 35.2%, respectively. Total ash and acid-insoluble ash were 10.2% - 17.2% and 5.26% - 10.8% detected from 10 batches samples. The recommended standards of quantitative indexes are that the mass fractions of gentiournoside A and extractives are not less than 0.80% and 26.0%, respectively; the water, total ash and acid-insoluble ash are not more than 12.0%, 15.0% and 8.0%, respectively.


Subject(s)
China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Reference Standards , Humans , Medicine, Tibetan Traditional , Reference Standards , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Quality Control
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-321375

ABSTRACT

To establish a method for determination contents of schizandrin, tanshinone I, cryptotanshinone, tanshinone II (A) and schizandrin B in rongxin pills. The HPLC method was performed on an Agilent C18. The mobile phase was composed of methnol and water wish gradient elution. The flow rate was 1.0 mL x min(-1). The column temperature was 30 degrees C and the detection wavelength wash 240 nm. The linear of schizandrin, tanshinone I, cryptotanshinone, Tanshinone II (A) and schizandrin B were 3.000-48.00 (r = 1.000), 3.985-63.76 (r = 0.999 9), 6.370-101.9 (r = 1.000), 8.690-139.0 (r = 0.999 9), 1.700-27.20 mg x L(-1) (r = 0.999 9), respectively. The average recoveries were 98.44%, 100.3%, 99.29%, 99.07%, 98.42%, and RSDs were 0.61%, 1.1%, 0.52%, 0.72%, 0.97%. The method is convenient, accurate and has good precision. It can be used for determination of the preparation.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Cyclooctanes , Abietanes , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Lignans , Linear Models , Organic Chemicals , Phenanthrenes , Polycyclic Compounds , Quality Control , Reproducibility of Results
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-300162

ABSTRACT

This study aims to establish a new method for quality evaluation of Gentianae Macrophyllae Radix by simultaneous determination of five iridoids (loganic acid, 6'-O-beta-D-glucopyranosylgentiopicroside, swertiamarin, gentiopicroside, sweroside), and to detect five iridoids in the root of eight species (Gentiana macrophylla, G. straminea, G. crassicaulis, G. dahurica, G. robusta, G. waltonii, G. lhassica, and G. tibetica). The separation was carried out on a Shiseido SPOLAR C18 (4.6 mm x 250 mm, 5 microm) column eluted with mobile phase of water containing 0.04% formic acid (A) and acetonitrile (B) in a gradient program. The flow rate was 0.8 mL x min(-1). The detect wavelength was set at 240 nm. The column temperature was kept at 30 degrees C. The volume of injection was 5 microL. The five iridoids were well separated with ideal linear correlations. The average recoveries were 97.35% - 106.23%. All the five iridoids were detected in the root of eight species. The contents of same species changed in a somewhat wider range. The contents in root of G. dahurica were lower than that in other species.


Subject(s)
China , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Gentianella , Chemistry , Iridoid Glycosides
6.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1041-1045, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-341006

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the relationship between polymorphisms in interleukin-2gene at position-330 (IL-2-330) and the clinical outcome of hepatitis B virus (HBV) and/or hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Methods 277 subjects were recruited including 79 chronic HCV co-HBV infection, 55 chronic HCV infection, 69 chronic HBV infection and 74 controls. Single nucleotide polymorphisms of IL-2-330 was investigated by restricted fragment long polymorphism-PCR (RFLP-PCR). Hepatocellular injury, as revealed by alanine aminotransferase (ALT) was detected by Beckman LX-20 analyzer. The presence of hepatitis C viral particles in serum was determined by RT-nPCR. Results ( 1 ) IL-2-330 polymorphisms showed close association with persistent HBV and/or HCV infection. IL-2-330 TT was associated with an increased risk, but IL-2-330 GG with a reduced risk of persistent HBV and/or HCV infection (χ2=14.24, P=0.03 ) with ORs (95%CI) as 7.14(2.13-23.81 ), 3.46 (1.17-10.02) and 2.93 (1.15-7.46) respectively. However,IL-2-330 TT/GG did not significantly differ between patients with HBV and/or HCV infection (χ2=2.09, P=0.72). IL-2-330 T allele was associated with an increased risk, but the -330G allele was associated with a reduced risk of chronic HBV/HCV infection (χ2=12.33,P=0.01),with ORs (95% CI) as 2.26 (1.39-3.69) , 1.82 ( 1.09-3.03 ) and 1.73 ( 1.10-2.73 ) respectively. (2) IL-2-330polymorphisms showed significant association with the outcome of HBV and HCV infection ( χ2=13.52, P=0.04). IL-2-330 TT was associated with an increased risk, but-330 GG with a reduced risk of mild CH, moderate/severe CH, and cirrhosis. The ORs (95%CI) appeared to be 3.33(1.75-6.32), 3.31 (1.75-6.26), 11.23 (3.09-40.76) respectively. IL-2-330 T allele was associated with an increased risk, but the -330 G allele was associated with a reduced risk of mild CH, moderate/severe CH and cirrhosis (χ2= 12.32, P=0.01 ), with ORs as 1.86(1.32-2.63), 1.71 (1.27-2.31) and 2.77(1.57-4.89) respectively. (3) The polymorphisms of IL-2-330 showed no association with HCV RNA replication (χ2=0.83, P=0.66; χ2=0.20, P=0.66). The polymorphisms of IL-2-330 were not significantly associated with abnormal ALT ( χ2= 1.10, P=0.58; χ2=0.08, P=0.78). Conclusion These results suggested that IL-2-330 TT/T was associated with an increased risk, but IL-2-330GG/G was associated with reduced risk of persistent HBV and/or HCV infection, and with the development of mild CH,moderated/severe CH,and cirrhosis.

7.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 324-328, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-267376

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the association between polymorphisms of interferon-gamma gene intron 1 at position+874 (IFN-γ+874) gene and the susceptibility of HBV and/or HCV infection with different clinical outcomes. Methods IFN-γ+874 gene SNP were detected in 277 subjects including 79 chronic HBV/HCV coinfections,69 individuals only with HBV infection,55 individuals only with HCV infection and 74 controls,by sequence specific primers-PCR (SSP-PCR). Hepatocellular injury as suggested by alanine aminotransferase (ALT) was detected by Beckman LX-20. The status of viral particles in serum was determined by RT-nPCR. The possible association of the polymorphism of IFN-γ+874 with the susceptibility of HBV and/or HCV infection and the outcome of these infections were analyzed. Results (1) IFN-γ+874 AA frequency in individuals with chronic HBV,HCV,HBV/HCV coinfections were significant higher than that in controls (X~2=16.15,P=0.01); OR (95% CI) of IFNγ+874 AA in chronic infection with HBV,HCV,HBV/HCV coinfections appeared to be 2.70 (1.24-5.92),3.22 (1.43-7.25) and 4.02 (1.88-8.55) compared with + 874 TA. No significant differences were found among HBV,HCV,HBV/HCV coinfections (X~2=1.97,P=0.73). There were no significant association of IFN-γ +874 A/T allele frequency with HBV and/or with HCV infection (X~2=4.87,P=0.18). (2)The clinical outcomes of mild chronic hepatitis (CH),moderate/severe CH and cirrhosis with HBV and/or HCV infection were associated with IFN-γ+874 AA [X~2=14.17,P=0.03;OR=3.09(1.51-6.33),3.85 (1.70-8.70),3.14 (1.08-9.17)]. No significant relationships were found between IFN-γ+874 A/T allele frequency and the clinical outcome of HBV/HCV infection (X~2=6.07,P=0.11). (3)There were no significant associations of IFN-γ+874 genotype/allele frequency with HCV duplication (X~2=2.36,P=0.31). (4) There were no significant associations of IFN-γ+874 genotype/allele frequency with abnormal ALT (X~2=0.15,P=0.93). Conclusion These results suggested that polymorphisms in the IFN-γ +874 had some influence on chronic HCV and/or HBV infection,and on the outcome of HCV and/or HBV infections. IFN-γ+874 AA genotype and T allele were possible risk to chronic HBV and/or HCV infections and to the outcomes of HBV and/or HCV infection. However,IFN-γ+874 TA genotype might serve as possible protective factors to them.

8.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 588-591, 2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-331829

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the epidemiolgy of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection in children and its relations to climate factors in Hangzhou.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Monthly positive rate of RSV in pneumonia inpatients and climate factor including mean air temperature, mean relative humidity and rainy days per month were continuously observed for 3 years. Correlation analysis for RSV positive rate and these three climate factors were performed using partial correlation, and regression methods between the positive rate and significant factor was done.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>13 642 cases were detected and 25.8% showed positive of RSV. The positive rate of RSV in children < or =1 years old, 1-3 years old, > 3 years old were 33.1%, 19.7% and 5.1% respectively with significant difference (chi2 = 763.7, P = 0.000). Rate of RSV infection was increased from December and kept in high level until May or April next year, but were varied at different years. Partial correlations between positive rate and rainy days, mean relative humidity, and mean air temperature per month were 0.32 (P= 0.066), -0.27 (P = 0.117) and -0.83 (P = 0.000) respectively. The regression equation of RSV positive rate and mean air temperature was: RSV positive rate (%) = 52.933 - 1.914 x mean air temperature (degrees C).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>RSV was one of the main factors causing of pneumonia in children while the highest infectious rate was in children < or =1 year old and infectious rate reduced along with the increase of age. Low air temperature was the main factor affecting the epidemiology of RSV. RSV was prevalent both in spring and winter in Hangzhou area.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , China , Epidemiology , Climate , Female , Humans , Humidity , Infant , Logistic Models , Male , Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infections , Epidemiology , Seasons , Temperature
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-256364

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To establish an advanced purification techniques of the essential oils obtained from Pogostemon cablin.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Molecular distillation (MD) was applied.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Four distillates were obtained, chemical constituents of which were analyzed with GC-MS. Compared with those in original oils, the contents of active compounds (patchouli alcohol and pogostone) rose by 27%-47% in the distillates II and III.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Molecular distillation (MD) effectively raises the contents of patchouli alcohol and pogostone. The work is of great economic and scientific significance for the industrialization of P. cablin and the discovery of new drugs.</p>


Subject(s)
Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry , Lamiaceae , Chemistry , Oils, Volatile , Chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Sesquiterpenes , Technology, Pharmaceutical , Methods
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