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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879876

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the epidemiological features of children with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection in Shijiazhuang, China.@*METHODS@#Based on the information officially announced on the official website of the Health Commission of Hebei Province, epidemiological data were collected from 133 children, aged 0-18 years, who were diagnosed with SARS-CoV-2 infection in Shijiazhuang from January 2 to January 30, 2021. A statistical analysis was performed for general status, regional distribution, presence or absence of clusters, and results of SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid tests.@*RESULTS@#Among the 133 children with SARS-CoV-2 infection, there were 65 boys and 68 girls, with a male/female ratio of 0.96:1. The youngest age of onset was 3 months and 7 days, and the mean age of onset was (9±5) years. Of all the 133 children, 90(67.7%) were the first confirmed case of SARS-CoV-2 infection among their family members. Of all the children, 108(81.2%) came from the Gaocheng District in Shijiazhuang, among whom 38(28.6%) were from Xiaoguozhuang Village where the first patient with a confirmed diagnosis lived. SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid test at week 2 after the outbreak showed positive results in 88 children (66.2%), and only 5 children had clinical symptoms before positive SARS-CoV-2 results were obtained. Of all the 133 children, 19(14.3%) were found positive in the first SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid test after the outbreak, and 70(52.6%) had positive results for ≥4 times. There were 98 school students with infection, among whom 74(75.5%) were the first confirmed case in their family, and among 35 non-school students, 16(45.7%) were the first confirmed case in their family (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Among the children confirmed with SARS-CoV-2 infection in Shijiazhuang, there is a high proportion of children who are the first confirmed case in their family, and the children are mainly distributed in the rural areas of Gaocheng. Most of these children are students, so the prevention and control of cluster infection in schools should be taken seriously. There are often no symptoms before SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid test, with a low positive rate of the first nucleic acid test, which increases the difficulty of early discovery of the epidemic.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , COVID-19 , Child , Child, Preschool , China/epidemiology , Disease Outbreaks , Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , SARS-CoV-2 , Schools
2.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1666-1672, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771175

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The detection of polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, M-protein, and skin changes (POEMS) syndrome at early stage is challenging for neurologists. Since polyneuropathy could be the first manifestation, it could be misdiagnosed as chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP). The present study aimed to determine the clinical and electrophysiological features of POEMS syndrome to distinguish from CIDP.@*METHODS@#The data of a group of patients with POEMS (n = 17) and patients with CIDP (n = 17) in Zhongshan Hospital Fudan University from January 2015 to September 2017 were analyzed in this retrospective study. The clinical features, neurological symptoms, and electrophysiological findings were compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#Clinically, patients with POEMS demonstrated significantly more neuropathic pain in the lower extremities than patients with CIDP (58.8% vs. 11.8%, P = 0.01). Multisystem features like edema, skin change, organomegaly, and thrombocytosis were also pointed towards the diagnosis of POEMS syndrome. Electrophysiologically, terminal latency index (TLI) was significantly higher in patients with POEMS than that in patients with CIDP (median nerve: 0.39 [0.17-0.52] vs. 0.30 (0.07-0.69), Z = -2.413, P = 0.016; ulnar nerve: 0.55 [0.23-0.78] vs. 0.42 [0.12-0.70], Z = -2.034, P = 0.042). Patients with POEMS demonstrated a higher frequency of absent compound muscle action potential of the tibial nerve (52.9% vs. 17.6%, P = 0.031), less conduction block (ulnar nerve: 0 vs. 35.3%, P = 0.018), and less temporal dispersion (median nerve: 17.6% vs. 58.8%, P = 0.032) than CIDP group. The combination of positive serum monoclonal protein and high TLI (if either one or both were present) discriminated POEMS from CIDP with a sensitivity of 94.1% and 47.1% and specificity of 76.5% and 100.0%, respectively.@*CONCLUSIONS@#POEMS syndrome could be distinguished from CIDP through typical clinical and electrophysiological characteristics in practice. The combination of serum monoclonal protein and high TLI might raise the sensitivity of detecting POEMS syndrome.

3.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1666-1672, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802624

ABSTRACT

Background@#The detection of polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, M-protein, and skin changes (POEMS) syndrome at early stage is challenging for neurologists. Since polyneuropathy could be the first manifestation, it could be misdiagnosed as chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP). The present study aimed to determine the clinical and electrophysiological features of POEMS syndrome to distinguish from CIDP.@*Methods@#The data of a group of patients with POEMS (n = 17) and patients with CIDP (n = 17) in Zhongshan Hospital Fudan University from January 2015 to September 2017 were analyzed in this retrospective study. The clinical features, neurological symptoms, and electrophysiological findings were compared between the two groups.@*Results@#Clinically, patients with POEMS demonstrated significantly more neuropathic pain in the lower extremities than patients with CIDP (58.8% vs. 11.8%, P = 0.01). Multisystem features like edema, skin change, organomegaly, and thrombocytosis were also pointed towards the diagnosis of POEMS syndrome. Electrophysiologically, terminal latency index (TLI) was significantly higher in patients with POEMS than that in patients with CIDP (median nerve: 0.39 [0.17–0.52] vs. 0.30 (0.07–0.69), Z = –2.413, P = 0.016; ulnar nerve: 0.55 [0.23–0.78] vs. 0.42 [0.12–0.70], Z = –2.034, P = 0.042). Patients with POEMS demonstrated a higher frequency of absent compound muscle action potential of the tibial nerve (52.9% vs. 17.6%, P = 0.031), less conduction block (ulnar nerve: 0 vs. 35.3%, P = 0.018), and less temporal dispersion (median nerve: 17.6% vs. 58.8%, P = 0.032) than CIDP group. The combination of positive serum monoclonal protein and high TLI (if either one or both were present) discriminated POEMS from CIDP with a sensitivity of 94.1% and 47.1% and specificity of 76.5% and 100.0%, respectively.@*Conclusions@#POEMS syndrome could be distinguished from CIDP through typical clinical and electrophysiological characteristics in practice. The combination of serum monoclonal protein and high TLI might raise the sensitivity of detecting POEMS syndrome.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802428

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the effect of phosphoinositide-3-kinase (PI3K)-mediated nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) phosphorylated activation in quercetin (Quer) in prohibiting clivorine (Cliv)-induced cytotoxicity in L-02 cells. Method: Human normal liver L-02 cells were pre-incubated with Quer (1, 10, 25, 50 μmol·L-1) for 15 min, and then incubated with Cliv (50 μmol·L-1) for 48 h. The cell viability was evaluated by thiazolam blue(MTT) assay. Cellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) and reduced glutathione (GSH) were detected. The transcriptional activation of Nrf2 was measured by dual-luciferase reporter assay. The phosphorylation of Nrf2 and PI3K was measured by Western blot, and downstream genes, including heme oxygenase 1 (Hmox1), NADPH:quinone oxidoreductase 1 (Nqo1), catalytic subunit of glutamate-cysteine ligase (Gclc), modifier subunit of glutamate-cysteine ligase (Gclm), were measured by Real-time PCR. Result: Quer (10, 25, 50 μmol·L-1) reversed Cliv-induced decreased cell viability (PPPPPPPConclusion: Quer alleviates Cliv-induced hepatotoxicity by inducing Nrf2 phosphorylated activation, and PI3K plays an important role in regulating Quer-induced Nrf2 phosphorylated activation.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-301028

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) treatment on the expression of cyclooxygenase (COX) 2 and microglia in spinal cord by using rat model of neuropathic pain, and to probe into the relationship between COX 2 and microglia.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The rats were randomly divided into 6 groups, including normal control group, model group, sham group, EA 1 group (distant acupoints + local acupoints), EA 2 group (local acupoints), and EA 3 group (distant acupoints). Thermal withdrawal latencies were evaluated at 1 day preoperatively and 3, 5 and 7 days postoperatively. At 7 days postoperatively, the spinal COX 2 mRNA was detected by reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction. Double immunofluorescent staining technology was applied to screen and verify the relationship between altered COX 2 and microglia.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the model group, thermal withdrawal latencies increased after EA treatment (P<0.01). The expressions of COX 2 mRNA were up-regulated in spinal cord of rat on day 7 after surgery (P<0.05). Compared with the model group, EA stimulation (EA 1 and EA 2 groups) reversed the up-regulation of COX 2 mRNA expression (P<0.05). EA 1 and EA 2 groups might have better treatment effect compared with the EA 3 group. Fluorescent images displayed COX 2 and microglia expressed at common areas.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>EA was effective in analgesic and anti-inflammatory. EA has decreased the expression of spinal COX 2 mRNA in the trend of the therapeutic effect of "distant acupoints + local acupoints", and "local acupoints" intervention may be superior to that of "distant acupoints" intervention. Microglia may be related to the formation of COX 2.</p>

6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 373-2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779179

ABSTRACT

This study was conducted to test the protective activity of ethanol extract of Herba Scutellariae Barbatae (SE) against hepatotoxicity induced by Rhizoma Dioscoreae Bulbiferae in mice and its mechanism. SE was orally given to mice at various doses, and ethyl acetate fraction of Rhizoma Dioscoreae Bulbiferae (EF, 450 mg·kg-1) was also orally given at the same time. After 11 days, serum levels of alanine/aspartate aminotransferase (ALT/AST), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), total protein (TP) and albumin (ALB) were measured, and liver histological examination was conducted. Liver glutathione (GSH) amount, myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity and serum tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and interferon-γ (IFN-γ) levels were measured. The expression of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), inhibitor of kappa B (IκB) and nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) p65 were determined by Western blot. The results showed that SE (200 mg·kg-1) reversed EF-induced changes of serum ALT, AST, ALP, TP and ALB. Liver histology also suggests the protection of SE against EF-induced liver injury. SE reduced the increased MPO activity in liver and TNF-α, IL-6, IFN-γ contents in serum, and blocked the decrease in IκB expression and subsequent increase in phosphorylation and nuclear translocation of p65 induced by EF. EF increased liver GSH amount and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) protein expression in mice. SE increased liver GSH amount, but decreased the expression of HO-1. All those results suggest that SE alleviates liver injury induced by consecutive administration of EF by alleviating inflammatory injury via inhibiting NF-κB signaling pathway and elevating antioxidant capacity.

7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 337-342, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-235663

ABSTRACT

Bibenzyl is a type of active compounds abundant in Dendrobium. In the present study, we investigated the inhibitory effects of six bibenzyls isolated from Dendrobium species on vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-induced tube formation in human umbilical vascular endothelial cells (HUVECs). All those bibenzyls inhibited VEGF-induced tube formation at 10 micromol x L(-1) except tristin, and of which moscatilin was found to have the strongest activity at the same concentration. The lowest effective concentration of moscatilin was 1 micromol x L(-1). Further results showed that moscatilin inhibited VEGF-induced capillary-like tube formation on HUVECs in a concentration-dependent manner. Western blotting results showed that moscatilin also inhibited VEGF-induced phosphorylation of VEGFR2 (Flk-1/KDR) and extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2). Further results showed that moscatilin inhibited VEGF-induced activation of c-Raf and MEK1/2, which are both upstream signals of ERK1/2. Taken together, results presented here demonstrated that moscatilin inhibited angiogenesis via blocking the activation of VEGFR2 (Flk-1/KDR) and c-Raf-MEK1/2-ERK1/2 signals.


Subject(s)
Angiogenesis Inhibitors , Pharmacology , Animals , Benzyl Compounds , Pharmacology , Bibenzyls , Pharmacology , Cell Count , Cells, Cultured , Dendrobium , Chemistry , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells , Humans , MAP Kinase Kinase 1 , Metabolism , MAP Kinase Kinase 2 , Metabolism , MAP Kinase Signaling System , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Neovascularization, Physiologic , Phosphorylation , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-raf , Metabolism , Signal Transduction , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor-2 , Metabolism
8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1253-1258, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-259486

ABSTRACT

The present study was designed to observe the protection of Grateloupia filicina polysaccharide (GFP) against hepatotoxicity induced by Dioscorea bulbifera L in mice and its underlying mechanism. GFP was intragastrically (ig) given to mice at various doses. After 6 days, the mice were treated with ethyl acetate extract of Dioscorea bulbifera L (EF, ig). Serum levels of alanine/aspartate aminotransferase (ALT/AST), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), total bilirubin (TB) were measured, and liver histological evaluation was conducted. Furthermore, reductions of liver glutathione (GSH) amount and glutamate cysteine ligase (GCL) activity were tested. The expressions of GCL-c, GCL-m, and HO-1 (heme oxygenase-1) in liver were observed by Western-blot. The results showed that GFP (600 mg x kg(-1)) decreased EF-induced the increase of serum ALT, AST and TB, and GFP (400, 600 mg x kg(-1)) inhibited EF-induced the increase of serum ALP. Liver histological evaluation showed that the liver injury induced by EF was relieved after treated with GFP. GFP further increased liver GSH amount and reversed EF-induced the decrease of GCL activity. The Western-blot result showed that GFP augmented EF-induced the increase of HO-1, and reversed EF-induced the decrease of GCL-c. In conclusion, GFP can act against the oxidative stress liver injury induced by Dioscorea bulbifera L in mice.


Subject(s)
Alanine Transaminase , Blood , Alkaline Phosphatase , Blood , Animals , Aspartate Aminotransferases , Blood , Bilirubin , Blood , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury , Blood , Metabolism , Dioscorea , Toxicity , Glutamate-Cysteine Ligase , Metabolism , Glutathione , Metabolism , Heme Oxygenase-1 , Metabolism , Heterocyclic Compounds, 4 or More Rings , Toxicity , Liver , Metabolism , Pathology , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred ICR , Oxidative Stress , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Polysaccharides , Pharmacology , Random Allocation , Rhodophyta , Chemistry
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-789640

ABSTRACT

@#BACKGROUND: Intravenous transplantation has been regarded as a most safe method in stem cell therapies. There is evidence showing the homing of bone marrow stem cells (BMSCs) into the injured sites, and thus these cells can be used in the treatment of acute myocardial infarction (MI). This study aimed to investigate the effect of intravenous and epicardial transplantion of BMSCs on myocardial infarction size in a rabbit model. METHODS: A total of 60 New Zealand rabbits were randomly divided into three groups: control group, epicardium group (group I) and ear vein group (group II). The BMSCs were collected from the tibial plateau in group I and group II, cultured and labeled. In the three groups, rabbits underwent thoracotomy and ligation of the middle left anterior descending artery. The elevation of ST segment>0.2 mV lasting for 30 minutes on the lead II and III of electrocardiogram suggested successful introduction of myocardial infarction. Two weeks after myocardial infarction, rabbits in group I were treated with autogenous BMSCs at the infarct region and those in group II received intravenous transplantation of BMSCs. In the control group, rabbits were treated with PBS following thoracotomy. Four weeks after myocardial infarction, the heart was collected from all rabbits and the infarct size was calculated. The heart was cut into sections followed by HE staining and calculation of infarct size with an image system. RESULTS: In groups I and II, the infarct size was significantly reduced after transplantation with BMSCs when compared with the control group (P<0.05). However, there was no significant difference in the infarct size between groups I and II (P>0.05). CONCLUSION: Transplantation of BMSCs has therapeutic effect on MI. Moreover, epicardial and intravenous transplantation of BMSCs has comparable therapeutic efficacy on myocardial infarction.

10.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 1028-1032, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-323498

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the number of peripheral blood CD5(+) B cells and their ability of secreting IL-10 in patients with immune thrombocytopenia (ITP).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Peripheral blood lymphocytes were isolated from 57 pre-treated, 40 post-treated ITP patients and 25 controls using Ficoll-Hypaque density centrifugation and then stained with PE-CD5/FITC-CD19 for flow cytometric analysis. After 24-hour culture, lymphocytes were stained with APC-IL-10 for intracellular cytokine detection. ELISA assay was employed to determine IL-10 concentration in supernatants.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The percentage and absolute number of CD5(+) B cells in peripheral blood from pre-treated ITP patients were significantly higher than that from normal controls (3.75 ± 2.37)% vs (2.10 ± 1.08)%, P < 0.01; (6.29 ± 5.77)× 10(7)/L vs (3.06 ± 1.90)× 10(7)/L, P < 0.01. CD5(+) B cells expressed more intracellular IL-10 than other lymphocyte subsets both in ITP patients and normal controls. The percentages of IL-10(+) cells within CD5(+) B cells in pre-treated ITP patients and normal controls were (29.51 ± 20.73)% and(15.90 ± 9.58)%, respectively(P < 0.01). Intracellular mean fluorescence intensity (MFI) of IL-10 in CD5(+) B cells was 27.95 ± 13.99 in pre-treated patients, which was significantly higher than that in controls (P < 0.01). In contrast, IL-10 concentration in supernatants was (173.05 ± 102.50) ng/L in pre-treated ITP group, which was lower than that (230.61 ± 76.96) ng/L in controls. In patients who achieved remission, the number of CD5(+) B cells decreased to level comparable to normal controls. While intracellular IL-10 MFI of CD5(+) B cells in post-treated ITP patients remained as high as in pre-treated ones, the IL-10 concentration in supernatants increased to level similar to controls.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The significantly increased number of CD5(+) B cells and accumulated IL-10 in CD5(+) B cells suggested impaired IL-10 secretion in ITP patients. The number and the ability of secreting IL-10 of CD5(+) B cells could be restored after effective treatments in patients with ITP.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , B-Lymphocytes , Allergy and Immunology , Metabolism , CD5 Antigens , Metabolism , Case-Control Studies , Female , Humans , Interleukin-10 , Blood , Male , Middle Aged , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic , Blood , Allergy and Immunology , Young Adult
11.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 39-44, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-353332

ABSTRACT

Metabolic profile of bile acids was used to evaluate hepatotoxicity of mice caused by ethanol extraction of Dioscorea bulbifera L. (ethanol extraction, ET) and diosbulbin B (DB), separately. Ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS) was applied to determine the contents of all kinds of endogenous bile acids including free bile acids, taurine conjugates and glycine conjugates. Obvious liver injuries could be observed in mice after administrated with ET and DB. Based on the analysis using principle components analysis (PCA), toxic groups could be distinguished from their control groups, which suggested that the variance of the contents of bile acids could evaluate hepatotoxicity caused by ET and DB. Meanwhile, ET and DB toxic groups were classified in the same trends comparing to control groups in the loading plot, and difference between the two toxic groups could also be observed. DB proved to be one of the toxic components in Dioscorea bulbifera L. Bile acids of tauroursodeoxycholic acid (TUDCA), taurochenodeoxycholic acid (TCDCA), taurocholic acid (TCA), taurodeoxycholic acid (TDCA), cholic acid (CA) and others proved to be important corresponds to ET and DB induced liver injury according to analysis of partial least square-discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) and the statistical analysis showed that there were significant differences between the control groups and toxic groups (P < 0.01). Furthermore, good correlation could be revealed between the foregoing bile acids and ALT, AST. It indicated that taurine conjugated bile acids as TUDCA, TCDCA, TCA and TDCA along with CA could be considered as sensitive biomarkers of ET and DB induced liver injury. This work can provide the base for the further research on the evaluation and mechanism of hepatotoxicity caused by Dioscorea bulbifera L.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bile Acids and Salts , Metabolism , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury , Metabolism , Cholic Acid , Metabolism , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Methods , Dioscorea , Toxicity , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Toxicity , Heterocyclic Compounds, 4 or More Rings , Toxicity , Least-Squares Analysis , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred ICR , Plants, Medicinal , Toxicity , Principal Component Analysis , Rhizome , Toxicity , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Methods , Taurochenodeoxycholic Acid , Metabolism , Taurocholic Acid , Metabolism , Taurodeoxycholic Acid , Metabolism
12.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (6): 158-161, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-643187

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the control effect of the policy sustainable elimination of iodine deficiency disorders on the disease status after 15 years salt iodization, and to provide a scientific basis for the relevant policy adjustments. Methods Probability sampling method (PPS) was used to select 30 counties in Jiangsu province(except those iodine excess areas), of each county 40 children aged 8 - 10 were selected as the investigation objects, their thyroids were examined by palpation and B ultrasound, urinary iodine(UI), household salt iodine, and intelligence quotient(IQ) were also investigated. A questionnaire-based health education survey of children and women was also conducted. Results A total of 1200 salt samples were detected and the coverage and qualified rates of iodized salt were 97.5%(1170/1200) and 94.5%(1134/1200), respectively. Five hundred and ninety eight urinary samples of children aged 8 to 10 were detected. The median urinary iodine was 325.3 μg/L. Of 1200 children aged 8 to 10 examined, goiter was 1.70% (20/1200) by palpation and 1.00% (12/1200) by B ultrasound. Average IQ of those 598 children was 112.4 ± 13.2, and the proportion of mental retardation was 0.5% (3/598). The health education awareness were 95.9%(1830/1908) and 96.4%(431/447) for 636 students and 149 family women, respectively. Conclusions The control effect of iodine deficiency disorders is significant in Jiangsu province. Salt iodine concentration should be adapted to people's iodine nutritional status. Iodine nutrition needs of special population such as pregnant, lactation women and infants should be taking into account, and should also be combined with salt iodization status surveillance at county level.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-316095

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effect of soy isoflavones (SI) on ATP binding cassette A1 (ABCA1) expression in rats without ovary with atherosclerosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>After they were raised for a week by given basic feed, the ovaries of 50 12-week old SPF rats were removed. The rats were randomly divided into groups by weight. Ten rats were selected as the basic control group (A) that basic feed was given all through the research. The other 40 rats were given high-fat diets and at the end of 4 weeks, these rats were randomly divided into four groups by blood lipid level: atherosclerotic model group (B) that was given high-fat diets through the research, low isoflavones group (C) that was given high-fat diets plus 30 mg/kg SI, middle isoflavones group (D) that was given high-fat diets plus 90 mg/kg SI, and high isoflavones group (E) that was given high-fat diets plus 270 mg/kg SI. After 22 weeks, all rats were executed to measure morphological change on the aorta wall, assessing the ABCA1 gene expression in aorta wall by real-time PCR and protein expression by Western blotting in aorta wall, small intestine and liver.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Serum lipid level of A, B, C, D, E groups: TC levels were (6.82 +/- 0.22), (15.73 +/- 1.51), (10.77 +/- 1.12), (9.95 +/- 1.18), (9.11 +/- 1.12) mmol/L respectively (F = 72.882, P < 0.01); TG levels were: (2.49 +/- 0.24), (0.78 +/- 0.13), (0.39 +/- 0.08), (0.29 +/- 0.09), (0.24 +/- 0.09) mmol/L respectively (F = 378.515, P < 0.01); LDL-C levels were (1.29 +/- 0.08), (14.76 +/- 1.23), (8.18 +/- 0.80), (7.85 +/- 0.72), (7.16 +/- 0.64)mmol/L respectively (F = 320.936, P < 0.01); HDL-C levels were (1.94 +/- 0.18), (1.04 +/- 0.10), (1.55 +/- 0.14), (1.88 +/- 0.17), (2.11 +/- 0.22) mmol/L respectively (F = 49.450, P < 0.01). ABCA1 protein expression in intestine, liver and aorta: for A, B, C, E groups in intestine were 96.577 +/- 9.743, 5.218 +/- 2.048, 18.060 +/- 5.179, 54.725 +/- 8.960, respectively (F = 172.272, P < 0.01); ABCA1 protein expression in liver of groups of A, B, C, E were: 13.657 +/- 2.397, 1.361 +/- 0.266, 7.069 +/- 2.264, 11.793 +/- 2.515 respectively (F = 37.383, P < 0.01); ABCA1 protein expression in aorta of groups A, B, C, E were: 6.756 +/- 1.310, 0.027 +/- 0.006, 0.035 +/- 0.002 and 7.479 +/- 1.520 respectively (F = 91.999, P < 0.01). Compared to basic control group, atherosclerotic plaque could be observed in atherosclerotic model group, and it could be partially reversed by isoflavones addition.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Soy isoflavones treatment might inhibit atherosclerotic progression by lowering the level of blood lipid and increasing ABCA1 expression.</p>


Subject(s)
ATP Binding Cassette Transporter 1 , ATP-Binding Cassette Transporters , Genetics , Animals , Atherosclerosis , Blood , Genetics , Female , Gene Expression , Isoflavones , Pharmacology , Lipids , Blood , Ovariectomy , Ovary , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Soybeans , Chemistry
14.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 973-979, 2009.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-354609

ABSTRACT

The present study is aimed to investigate the toxic effects of andrographolide (Andro) on hepatoma cells and elucidate its preliminary mechanisms. After cells were treated with different concentrations of Andro (0-50 micromol x L(-1)) for 24 h, cell viability was evaluated with 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl) 2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. Furthermore, after hepatoma cells (Hep3B and HepG2) were treated with different concentrations of Andro (0-30 micromol x L(-1)) for 14 d, the number of colony formation was accounted under microscope. Cell cycle related proteins such as Cdc-2, phosphorylated-Cdc-2, Cyclin B and Cyclin D1 were detected with Western blotting assay and the cell cycle was analyzed by flow cytometry using propidium iodide staining. MTT results showed that Andro induced growth inhibition of hepatoma cells in a concentration-dependent manner but had no significant effects on human normal liver L-02 cells. Andro dramatically decreased the colony formation of hepatoma cells in the concentration-dependent manner. Moreover, Andro induced a decrease of Hep3B cells at the G0-G1 phase and a concomitant accumulation of cells at G2-M phase. At the molecular level, Western blotting results showed that Andro decreased the expression of Cdc-2, phosphorylated-Cdc-2, Cyclin D1 and Cyclin B proteins in a time-dependent manner, which are all cell cycle related proteins. Taken together, the results demonstrated that Andro specifically inhibited the growth of hepatoma cells and cellular cell cycle related proteins were possibly involved in this process.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Metabolism , Cell Cycle Proteins , Metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Survival , Diterpenes , Pharmacology , Humans , Liver Neoplasms , Metabolism
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