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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881500

ABSTRACT

The epidemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) since December 2019 is a severe public health emergency, which seriously affected the daily life of the public at home and abroad. This review summarized the public knowledge, behavior and psychological status in public health emergencies, analyzed the possible influence factors and mechanisms, and suggested some possible intervention strategies.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876332

ABSTRACT

Objective Based on the Health Shanghai Action 2019-2030, combined with the monitoring results of Shanghai residents′ health literacy, we analyzed the data, looked for the existing problems and the possible causes in the improvement of health literacy, and put forward corresponding suggestions and strategies. Methods Using the monitoring data and results of Shanghai residents′ health literacy from 2008 to 2018, we made aggregate analysis of residents′ health literacy and comparative analysis of different years, different ages and different regions in this regard. Results The health literacy level of Shanghai residents was 28.38% in 2018.The absolute value of growth is 21.41% and the average annual growth rate was 13.61% compared with 2008.The literacy levels of infectious disease prevention, healthy behavior, and basic medical treatment were relatively low.There had been a big gap between urban and rural residents in literacy levels of health information, health knowledge, and health skill. Conclusion The health literacy level of Shanghai residents has been improved significantly.In future, we should strengthen the health education of infectious disease prevention, healthy behavior, and basic medical treatment, using different health education methods for different age groups or different education level people.Moreover, we need to establish and strengthen the authoritative health information release platform, so the residents especially rural ones, can get the reliable health education information in time.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876315

ABSTRACT

Objective Based on the Health Shanghai Action 2019-2030, combined with the monitoring results of Shanghai residents′ health literacy, we analyzed the data, looked for the existing problems and the possible causes in the improvement of health literacy, and put forward corresponding suggestions and strategies. Methods Using the monitoring data and results of Shanghai residents′ health literacy from 2008 to 2018, we made aggregate analysis of residents′ health literacy and comparative analysis of different years, different ages and different regions in this regard. Results The health literacy level of Shanghai residents was 28.38% in 2018.The absolute value of growth is 21.41% and the average annual growth rate was 13.61% compared with 2008.The literacy levels of infectious disease prevention, healthy behavior, and basic medical treatment were relatively low.There had been a big gap between urban and rural residents in literacy levels of health information, health knowledge, and health skill. Conclusion The health literacy level of Shanghai residents has been improved significantly.In future, we should strengthen the health education of infectious disease prevention, healthy behavior, and basic medical treatment, using different health education methods for different age groups or different education level people.Moreover, we need to establish and strengthen the authoritative health information release platform, so the residents especially rural ones, can get the reliable health education information in time.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-24553

ABSTRACT

Chronic enteritis can produce an excess of reactive oxygen species resulting in cellular damage. Stanniocalcin-1(STC-1) reportedly possesses anti-oxidative activity, the aim of this study was to define more clearly the direct contribution of STC-1 to anti-oxidative stress in cattle. In this study, primary intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) were exposed to hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) for different time intervals to mimic chronic enteritis-induced cellular damage. Prior to treatment with 200 microM H2O2, the cells were transfected with a recombinant plasmid for 48 h to over-express STC-1. Acridine orange/ethidium bromide (AO/EB) double staining and trypan blue exclusion assays were then performed to measure cell viability and apoptosis of the cells, respectively. The expression of STC-1 and apoptosis-related proteins in the cells was monitored by real-time PCR and Western blotting. The results indicated that both STC-1 mRNA and protein expression levels positively correlated with the duration of H2O2 treatment. H2O2 damaged the bovine IECs in a time-dependent manner, and this effect was attenuated by STC-1 over-expression. Furthermore, over-expression of STC-1 up-regulated Bcl-2 protein expression and slightly down-regulated caspase-3 production in the damaged cells. Findings from this study suggested that STC-1 plays a protective role in intestinal cells through an antioxidant mechanism.


Subject(s)
Animals , Animals, Newborn , Blotting, Western/veterinary , Caspase 3/genetics , Cattle , Cattle Diseases/etiology , Duodenum/metabolism , Enteritis/etiology , Epithelial Cells/metabolism , Gene Expression Regulation , Glycoproteins/genetics , Hydrogen Peroxide/pharmacology , Male , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/genetics , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction/veterinary
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-243358

ABSTRACT

This study was purposed to investigate the expression of RPL36A (ribosomal protein 36a) in the newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells and its mechanism at the molecular level. The RPL36A mRNA expression in the newly diagnosed AML cells, U937 cells and normal MNCs was determined by RT-PCR. Small interfering RNA (siRNA) targeting to RPL36A was transfected into U937 cells by Lipofectamine 2000 system. Proliferation, cell cycle, apoptosis of U937 were observed through MTT assay, flow cytometry, acridine orange/ethidium bromide (AO/EB) double staining, TUNEL and Annexin V/FITC respectively. RPL36A mRNA and protein expression levels were detected by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Western blot analysis respectively. The results showed that RPL36A expression in the newly diagnosed AML cells and U937 cells was significantly upregulated. The average OD value of U937 cells transfected with RPL36A siRNA was significantly lower as compared with 3 control groups. The cell percentage in G2-and S-phase increased, which indicated the inhibition effect of RPL36A siRNA on cell proliferation. Remarkable cell apoptosis in U937 cells treated with RPL36A siRNA was observed by AO/EB, TUNEL analysis and Annexin V/FITC assay; RPL36A mRNA and protein expression level of U937 cells treated with siRNA were significantly declined in a time-dependent manner (r=0.9813 and 0.9537). It is concluded that the RPL36A expression in the AML cells is significantly enhanced and the RPL36A gene may be involved in regulation of cell cycle and cell apoptosis of AML, which promotes proliferation of AML cells and inhibits apoptosis of cells.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Apoptosis , Cell Proliferation , Female , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Pathology , Male , Middle Aged , RNA Interference , RNA, Small Interfering , Genetics , Pharmacology , Ribosomal Proteins , Genetics , Pharmacology , U937 Cells , Young Adult
6.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 814-818, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-244139

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>to investigate the combined effect of rosuvastatin (RSV) and ischemic postconditioning (PC) on myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury in a type 2 diabetic rat model.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>type 2 diabetic (induced by streptozotocin plus nicotinamide) rats, undergoing 30 min ischemia and 120 min reperfusion, were divided into six groups (n = 10 each): Sham, I/R without other interventions, RSV before reperfusion, PC with 3 cycles of 10 s reperfusion and 10 s ischemia, RSV + PC and RSV + PC + PI3-K inhibitor LY294002. Myocardial infarct size (IS), ultrastructural change and myocardial expression of phosphorylated eNOS/total eNOS were determined.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>IS and ultrastructural damages were all significantly reduced and myocardial eNOS phosphorylation was significantly increased in RSV and PC groups compared with the I/R group (all P < 0.05) these beneficial effects were further enhanced by RSV + PC (all P < 0.05 vs. RSV and PC, respectively). The beneficial effects were significantly attenuated by PI3K inhibitor LY294002.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>the results indicate that RSV + PC could alleviate myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury in this type 2 diabetic model by activating PI3K/AKT/eNOS signaling pathway.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Fluorobenzenes , Pharmacology , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors , Pharmacology , Ischemic Postconditioning , Male , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury , Myocardium , Pathology , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III , Metabolism , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Metabolism , Phosphorylation , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Metabolism , Pyrimidines , Pharmacology , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Rosuvastatin Calcium , Signal Transduction , Sulfonamides , Pharmacology
7.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1123-1127, 2009.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-279768

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Transcatheter Amplatzer occlusion of patent ductus artertiosus (PDA) has emerged as a minimally invasive alternative to surgical closure. The goal of this study was to compare long-term clinical outcomes between two procedures, especially on chronic residual shunt, late or very late procedure-related complications, and regression of pulmonary hypertension and left ventricular dilation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total 255 patients having isolated PDA with a minimal diameter of >or= 4 mm treated from January 2000 to July 2003 were included in this study and have been followed up until July 2008. The patients were assigned to either the device or surgical closure group according to the patients' and/or their parents' preference. Baseline physical exams, chest roentgenography, electrocardiography, and echocardiography were performed preprocedure and at each follow-up.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Seventy-two patients accepted the transcatheter procedure (Group-TC) and 183 underwent surgical operation (Group-SO) for PDA closure, both groups were similar in their demographics and preoperative clinical characteristics. There were no cardiac deaths and late complications such as infectious endocarditis and Amplatzer duct occluder (ADO) dislodge in either group. More acute procedure-related complications were recorded in Group-SO (13.7%) compared with Group-TC (1.4%) (P = 0.004). The recovery time was (8.7 +/- 2.3) days for the Group-SO and (1.3 +/- 0.5) days for the Group-TC (P < 0.001). The survival freedom from persistent residual shunt, defined as residual shunt that can not resolve automatically, was 91.3% for Group-SO and 98.6% for Group-TC (P = 0.037 by Log-rank test). There was no significant difference in regression of pulmonary hypertension and left ventricular dilation; neither survival freedom from pulmonary hypertension nor abnormal left ventricular end-diastolic volume index were significantly different between the surgical group and the Amplatzer group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Our study confirmed the long-term safety and efficacy of transcatheter Amplatzer occlusion. In comparison to the time-proven surgical closure, transcatheter Amplatzer occlusion was less invasive and associated with fewer complications and residual shunt, and as effective in the regression of pulmonary hypertension and left ventricular dilation.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Cardiac Catheterization , Methods , Child , Child, Preschool , Ductus Arteriosus, Patent , Diagnostic Imaging , General Surgery , Echocardiography , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Middle Aged , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
8.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 440-442, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-310065

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the effect of Chai Shao Liu Jun Tang in combination with Lamivudine for the treatment chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>405 CHB patients in Guangdong Provincial Hospital were randomly divided into 2 groups, 220 in the treated group, and 185 in the control group. The control group was treated with Lamivudine for 18 months. The treated group was treated with Lamivudine in combination with Chai Shao Liu Jun Tang for 18months. At the 3rd, 6th, 9th, 12th and 18th month during the treatment, the clinical symptoms, ALT normalization rate, HBeAg seroconversion rate, the proportion of patients with undetectable serum HBV DNA, and YMDD mutation rate were observed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>ALT normalization rates at the 3rd, 6th, 12th, 18th month of the treatment group (69.5%, 85.9%, 90.5%, 82.7%) were higher than those in the control group (50.3%, 65.4%, 78.4%, 69.7%; P < 0.01). HBeAg seroconversion rate, rate of HBV DNA undetectable, and YMDD mutation rate at he 12th and18th month are 77.7%, 57.7%, 25.5%, 6.8%; 86.8%, 74.1%, 33.2%, 8.6% in the treatment group, and 54.6%, 36.8%, 13.0%, 14.6%; 69.2%, 37.3%, 19.5%, 20.5% in the control group (P < 0.01, or P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Compared to lamivudine alone, Cai Shao Liu Ju Tang in combination with lamivudine is more effective and induces less YMDD mutation rate in CHB patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Alanine Transaminase , Blood , DNA, Viral , Blood , Genetics , Drug Combinations , Drug Resistance, Viral , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Female , Genes, Viral , Hepatitis B e Antigens , Blood , Hepatitis B virus , Genetics , Hepatitis B, Chronic , Blood , Drug Therapy , Virology , Humans , Lamivudine , Therapeutic Uses , Liver Function Tests , Male , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Mutation , Phytotherapy , Treatment Outcome , Virus Replication
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-674175

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression of NF-k B and c-myc in keratinocytes of HPV infected condyloma acuminata (CA) lesions.Methods Fifty cases of HPV 6/11 positive CA were diagnosed by in situ hybridization.The expression and distribution of NF-k B and c-myc were detected by immunohistochemistry technique (EnVision) with CA lesions and 25 normal human skins (foreskins). Results②The expression of NF-k B and c-myc was significantly higher in keratinocytes of CA lesions than those of normal controls (P<0.01 ).NF-k B was mainly expressed in spinous layers of CA lesions, and most positive signals located significantly in the cytoplasm.C-myc was mainly expressed in the whole epidermis or in spinous and basal layers in CA lesions,and positive signals located in the nuclei.②There was a positive correlation between the expression of NF-k B and c-myc in CA lesions (r=0.89,P<0.01).Conclusions The study demonstrates that the expression of both NF-k B and c-myc is significant- ly higher in HPV 6/11 positive CA than in normal skin.The data suggest that transcriptional factor NF-k B and c-myc may play a role in the regulation of proliferation of HPV 6/11 infected cells.

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