Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 43
Filter
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879597

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To carry out genetic testing and prenatal diagnosis for 29 Chinese pedigrees affected with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) and assess efficacy of combined next generation sequencing (NGS) and multiple ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) for the diagnosis.@*METHODS@#NGS and MLPA were used in conjunct to detect variants of TSC1 and TSC2 genes among the probands of the pedigrees. Paternity test was carried out to exclude maternal DNA contamination. Prenatal diagnosis was provided to 14 couples based on the discoveries in the probands.@*RESULTS@#Twenty-seven variants were identified in the TSC1 and TSC2 genes among the 29 pedigrees, which yielded a detection rate of 93.1%. Respectively, 5 (18.5%) and 22 (81.5%) variants were identified in the TSC1 and TSC2 genes. Twelve variants were unreported previously. Prenatal diagnosis showed that five fetuses were affected with TSC, whilst the remaining nine were unaffected.@*CONCLUSION@#Above finding has expanded the spectrum of TSC1 and TSC2 gene variants. Combined NGS and MLPA has enabled diagnosis of TSC with efficiency and accuracy.


Subject(s)
DNA Mutational Analysis , Female , Genetic Testing , Humans , Mutation , Pregnancy , Prenatal Diagnosis , Tuberous Sclerosis/genetics , Tuberous Sclerosis Complex 1 Protein/genetics , Tuberous Sclerosis Complex 2 Protein/genetics
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879595

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To summarize the result of genetic testing and therapeutic prospect of 2042 unrelated Chinese pedigrees affected with Duchenne/Becker muscular dystrophy (DMD/BMD) from a single center from 2005 to 2019.@*METHODS@#Peripheral blood samples of the pedigrees were collected for the detection of DMD gene variants with combined multiple ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA), next generation sequencing (NGS) and Sanger sequencing.@*RESULTS@#DMD and BMD have respectively accounted for 78.60% and 21.40% of the pedigrees, which included 33 female probands. Variants of the DMD gene were detected in 1986 pedigrees (97.26%). Large deletions, duplications and small-scale mutations have respectively accounted for 71.85%, 8.76% and 19.39%. Common deletions and duplications have included deletion of exons 45-50 and duplications of exon 2, while no hot spot was found with small-scale mutations. For 1595 pedigrees affected with DMD, 935 (58.62%) were hereditary and 660 (41.38%) were de novo in origin. 34.28% (700/2042) of the patients had symptoms which could be relieved by gene therapy.@*CONCLUSION@#This has been the largest single-center study of DMD pedigrees, which has attained definite diagnosis in 97.26% of the patients. The results have enabled genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis for the affected families upon their subsequent pregnancies, enriched the spectrum of DMD gene variants, as well as facilitated study of the mechanism of DMD gene mutations and exploration of clinical treatment.


Subject(s)
China , Dystrophin/genetics , Exons/genetics , Female , Gene Deletion , Genetic Testing , Humans , Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne/therapy , Mutation , Pedigree , Pregnancy
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879576

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the value of non-invasive prenatal testing based on cfDNA barcode-enabled single-molecule test (cfBEST) for the prenatal diagnosis of oculocutaneous albinism type I in a family.@*METHODS@#Prenatal genetic diagnosis was carried out by using the cfBEST-based method as well as invasive prenatal diagnosis through amniocentesis. The outcome of the pregnancy was followed up.@*RESULTS@#Non-invasive prenatal testing based on cfBEST showed a fetal DNA concentration of 6.6%, with the proportion of c.929_930insC (p.Arg311Lysfs*7) and c.1037-7T>A mutations being 45.7% and 0%, respectively. The posterior frequency of the negative results was 1, suggesting that the fetus carried neither of the two mutations. The result was consistent with that of invasive prenatal diagnosis, and the follow-up found that the fetus was normal.@*CONCLUSION@#Non-invasive prenatal testing based on cfBEST can be used to detect maternal and fetal genotypes in maternal cell-free DNA, which is clinically feasible.


Subject(s)
Albinism , Albinism, Oculocutaneous/genetics , Amniocentesis , Cell-Free Nucleic Acids , Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Prenatal Diagnosis
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888146

ABSTRACT

This study aims to develop a UPLC-MS/MS method for simultaneous determination of six pyrrolizidine alkaloids(PAs)--intermedine N-oxide(ImNO), lycopsamine N-oxide(LyNO), seneciphylline(Sp), seneciphylline N-oxide(SpNO), senecionine N-oxide(SnNO), and senkirkine(Sk) in different parts of Emilia sonchifolia. UPLC conditions are as follows: ACQUITY UPLC HSS T3 column(2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.8 μm), mobile phase consisting of 0.05% formic acid and 2.5 mmol·L~(-1) ammonium formate in water(A)-0.05% formic acid and 2.5 mmol·L~(-1) ammonium formate in acetonitrile(B) for gradient elution. MS conditions are as below: electrospray ionization(ESI) in the positive ion mode, multiple reaction monitoring(MRM), and the content of the six PAs was calculated with the external standard method. The results suggested the differences in the six PAs among different parts of E. sonchifolia. Sk was detected in all the four parts, with similar content. SnNO also existed in all the four parts, but the content in roots was significantly higher than that in other parts. Sp and SpNO were found in both roots and flowers, with the content higher in the former than in the later. ImNO and LyNO were only found in leaves, and the content was low. Among the six components detected, ImNO, LyNO, and SpNO were found and determined for the first time, which enriched the toxic components and laid a scientific basis for the quality and safety evaluation of E. sonchifolia.


Subject(s)
Asteraceae , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Chromatography, Liquid , Pyrrolizidine Alkaloids , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905076

ABSTRACT

Objective:To conduct quality evaluation of Ginkgo Folium preparations by analyzing the national evaluation sampling test results, analyze the quality differences, and put forward suggestions for the improvement of quality standards and market supervision. Method:The contents of total flavonol glycosides and terpene lactones in Ginkgo Folium tablets and Ginkgo Folium capsules were determined according to the methods of determination in the 2015 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia (the first volume), and the contents of free flavonoids (quercetin, kaempferide and isorhamnetin) and sophoricoside in Ginkgo Folium preparations were determined according to related supplementary testing method of Ginkgo Folium tablets and Ginkgo Folium capsules issued by National Medical Products Administration. The quality differences of Ginkgo Folium preparations from different batches and different manufacturers were compared according to the contents of total flavonol glycosides, terpene lactones, free flavonoids and sophoricoside in 328 batches of Ginkgo Folium tablets and Ginkgo Folium capsules manufactured by 48 enterprises. Result:Quality of 328 batches of Ginkgo Folium tablets and Ginkgo Folium capsules was in accordance with the standard, but the contents of terpene lactones and total flavonol glycosides were all distributed in a wide range, and the quality of samples varied greatly among different enterprises. Conclusion:It is recommended that each enterprise should optimize the production process and strictly control the raw materials to ensure the consistency between different batches of samples.

6.
International Eye Science ; (12): 599-602, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815732

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To investigate the temperary changes in the refraction, axial length, and choroidal thickness after a Chinese herb(Zhujing formula)feeding or injection of ranibizumab in a guinea pig myopia model.<p>METHODS: A Guinea pigs model of form-deprived(FD)myopia were randomly divided into 3 groups: Zhujing formula group, ranibizumab group and saline group(<i>n</i>=20 for each group). Zhujing formula group were fed daily with Zhujing formula solution 3.285g/(kg·d)(1.5mL/d)for 1wk. Ranibizumab group were treated with(intravitreal injections of 0.02mg)ranibizumab at the first day. Saline group were fed with 1.5mL 0.9% saline at the first day. The refraction(Diopter), axial length and choroidal thickness were measured before and at day 1, 3 and 7d postoperative. <p>RESULTS: The spherical equivalent(SE), axial length and choroidal thickness in ranibizumab group showed no significant trend after intravitreal injection(<i>P</i>>0.05). However, SE and axial length showed trendency to greater myopic shift in the Zhujing formula group and the saline group(<i>P</i><0.05). The effect began to appear on the first day after administration, achieved the maximum effect after 3d, and faded completely until 7d. On the first day after administration, the diopter and the axial length in ranibizumab group showed the lowest among three groups(<i>P</i><0.05), and choroid thickness showed the thickest among three groups(<i>P</i><0.05). At 3d after administration, the diopter and the axial length in the saline group showed the lowest among three groups, and choroid thickness showed the thickest among three groups(<i>P</i><0.05). There was no significant difference in the parameters among the three groups at 1wk after administration(<i>P</i>>0.05).<p>CONCLUSION: There is a temperary choroidal thickening of the form deprivation myopia recovery period. The ranibizumab inhibited the thickening of the choroid in the whole recovery period of form deprivation myopia, Zhujing formula slight inhibited the thickening at 3d, and the all change persisted only for 1wk.

7.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1040-1043, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876808

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To observe the changes of binocular eye accommodation function in correcting anisometropia by monocular orthokeratology in anisometropic children, and to explore the mechanism of regulation in the progression of myopia control by orthokeratology.<p>METHODS: It was a prospective self-control study. A total of 22 anisometropic children(44 eyes), aged 8-13 years, who wore an orthokeratology lens in only one eye were enrolled in the outpatient clinic of Hainan Provincial Eye Hospital from September 2016 to September 2018. The eyes with an orthokeratology lens had a mean spherical equivalent refraction of -2.751±1.16 diopter(D), and fellow eyes without a lens had a refraction of -0.10±0.32D. The eyes wearing orthokeratology lens were used as the lens wearing group, and the fellow eyes without a lens were used as non-wearing lens group. During the follow-up period,we measured changes of diopter difference, monocular accommodative amplitude(MAA), monocular accommodative facility(MAF)and accommodative response(AR)before wearing the lens and wearing the lens for 12mo.<p>RESULTS: The monocular accommodative amplitude and monocular accommodative facility of the wearing group before wearing the lens were lower than those of the non-wear group(<i>P</i><0.01), and the accommodative lag were higher than that of the non-wear group(<i>P</i><0.05). The monocular accommodative amplitude 15.63±1.66D after wearing the lens for 12mo was higher than that before wearing the lens 11.25±3.15D(<i>t</i>=3.63, <i>P</i><0.01), and the difference was not statistically significant(<i>t</i>=0.75, <i>P</i>=0.46)compared with the non-wearing group. The monocular accommodative facility 14.63±1.58 cyc/min after wearing the lens for 12mo was higher than that before wearing the lens 9.25±3.38cyc/min(<i>t</i>=2.83, <i>P</i>=0.01), and the difference was not statistically significant(<i>t</i>=0.38, <i>P</i>=0.71)compared with the non-wearing group. The accommodative lag 0.62±0.29D of the wearing group after 12mo was reduced compared with that before wearing the lens 1.35±0.26D(<i>t</i>=2.57, <i>P</i>=0.02),and compared with the non-wearing group, the difference was not statistical significance(<i>t</i>=0.61, <i>P</i>=0.55). The mean equivalent diopter of the non-lens group was -0.75±0.35D after 12mo, and the number of diopter group increased by -0.65±0.39D(<i>t</i>=4.24, <i>P</i><0.01). The diopter of the wearing group increased by -0.15±0.22D(<i>t</i>=2.90, <i>P</i><0.001), there was a statistically significant difference in the change of diopter between the two groups(<i>t</i>=5.30, <i>P</i><0.01). There was no statistically significant difference in the change of the accommodation before and after 12mo in the non-wear group(<i>P</i>>0.05).<p>CONCLUSION: The accommodation function of anisometropic children in correcting anisometropia by monocular orthokeratology was significantly improved compared with that before wearing the lens and was consistent with the contralateral eyes without lens group. The refractive state of the group wearing orthokeratology lens was more stable, and the contralateral eyes without lens gradually showed mild myopia refractive state, but the accommodation did not change significantly.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837765

ABSTRACT

Analgesia for battlefield war wound is the beginning of the war wound analgesia management system, and effective analgesia for battlefield war wound plays a significant role in keeping the fighting capacity. Special combat is characterized by the complexity and diversity of combat tasks, small scale of combat units, and limited medical service, resulting in a high incidence of war trauma. Therefore, the battlefield war wound analgesia for special combat personnel has prominent demands. In this paper, we analyzed the characteristics and current situation of battlefield war wound analgesia for special combat personnel, and discussed how to effectively carry out battlefield war wound analgesia, so as to provide reference for improving the fighting capacity of special combat personnel.

9.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1040-1043, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821583

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To observe the changes of binocular eye accommodation function in correcting anisometropia by monocular orthokeratology in anisometropic children, and to explore the mechanism of regulation in the progression of myopia control by orthokeratology.<p>METHODS: It was a prospective self-control study. A total of 22 anisometropic children(44 eyes), aged 8-13 years, who wore an orthokeratology lens in only one eye were enrolled in the outpatient clinic of Hainan Provincial Eye Hospital from September 2016 to September 2018. The eyes with an orthokeratology lens had a mean spherical equivalent refraction of -2.751±1.16 diopter(D), and fellow eyes without a lens had a refraction of -0.10±0.32D. The eyes wearing orthokeratology lens were used as the lens wearing group, and the fellow eyes without a lens were used as non-wearing lens group. During the follow-up period,we measured changes of diopter difference, monocular accommodative amplitude(MAA), monocular accommodative facility(MAF)and accommodative response(AR)before wearing the lens and wearing the lens for 12mo.<p>RESULTS: The monocular accommodative amplitude and monocular accommodative facility of the wearing group before wearing the lens were lower than those of the non-wear group(<i>P</i><0.01), and the accommodative lag were higher than that of the non-wear group(<i>P</i><0.05). The monocular accommodative amplitude 15.63±1.66D after wearing the lens for 12mo was higher than that before wearing the lens 11.25±3.15D(<i>t</i>=3.63, <i>P</i><0.01), and the difference was not statistically significant(<i>t</i>=0.75, <i>P</i>=0.46)compared with the non-wearing group. The monocular accommodative facility 14.63±1.58 cyc/min after wearing the lens for 12mo was higher than that before wearing the lens 9.25±3.38cyc/min(<i>t</i>=2.83, <i>P</i>=0.01), and the difference was not statistically significant(<i>t</i>=0.38, <i>P</i>=0.71)compared with the non-wearing group. The accommodative lag 0.62±0.29D of the wearing group after 12mo was reduced compared with that before wearing the lens 1.35±0.26D(<i>t</i>=2.57, <i>P</i>=0.02),and compared with the non-wearing group, the difference was not statistical significance(<i>t</i>=0.61, <i>P</i>=0.55). The mean equivalent diopter of the non-lens group was -0.75±0.35D after 12mo, and the number of diopter group increased by -0.65±0.39D(<i>t</i>=4.24, <i>P</i><0.01). The diopter of the wearing group increased by -0.15±0.22D(<i>t</i>=2.90, <i>P</i><0.001), there was a statistically significant difference in the change of diopter between the two groups(<i>t</i>=5.30, <i>P</i><0.01). There was no statistically significant difference in the change of the accommodation before and after 12mo in the non-wear group(<i>P</i>>0.05).<p>CONCLUSION: The accommodation function of anisometropic children in correcting anisometropia by monocular orthokeratology was significantly improved compared with that before wearing the lens and was consistent with the contralateral eyes without lens group. The refractive state of the group wearing orthokeratology lens was more stable, and the contralateral eyes without lens gradually showed mild myopia refractive state, but the accommodation did not change significantly.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873260

ABSTRACT

Objective::To establish the quality control method for multi-index content determination and fingerprint of salvianolic acids. Method::Agilent ZORBAX SB-C18 (4.6 mm×250 mm, 5μm) column was adopted, with 0.1%formic acid-water as mobile phase A and 0.1%formic acid-acetonitrile as mobile phase B for gradient elution (0-30 min, 20%-21.5%B; 30-35 min, 21.5%-25%B; 35-45 min, 25%-40%B; 45-50 min, 40%-95%B). The column temperature was set at 30 ℃, the flow rate was set at 1 mL·min-1, and the detection wavelength was set at 288 nm. Relative correction factors of caffeic acid, salvianolic acid E, rosmarinic acid, lithosperic acid, salvianolic acid B and salvianolic acid Y were determined by the concentration method. The content of each indicator component of the reference extract of salvianolic acid polyphenolic acid was determined and compared with the results of the monomer reference substance by the external standard method. At the same time, the fingerprint method was established. and the similarity evaluation was carried out on 10 batches of extracts. Result::Caffeic acid, salvianolic acid E, rosmarinic acid, lithospermic acid, salvianolic acid B, and salvianolic acid Y had a good linear relationship within the respective detection mass concentration ranges (r>0.999 9). The injection precision RSD was 0.1%-1.2%, the reproducible RSD was 1.2%-1.6%, and the recovery of the six components was 82.03%-98.68%. The stability of each component in the sample solution was good within 36 h. The relative correction factors for each indicator component were determined to be caffeic acid (2.92), salvianolic acid E (1.10), rosmarinic acid (1.61), lithosperic acid (1.07), salvianolic acid B (1.00), salvianolic acid Y (0.83). The effects of different methods, concentrations, instruments, columns, wavelengths were investigated, and the measured relative correction factors were found to be suitable. The results of the calibration factor method and the monomer standard reference substance method were less different. The HPLC fingerprints of the reference extract of salvianolic acids were established, and five common characteristic peaks were determined. The chromatographic peaks were confirmed according to the reference substance. The similarity of the fingerprints of the 10 batches of extracts was higher, and the quality difference was smaller. Conclusion::The multi-index content determination method and the fingerprint method established in this study are simple, rapid, accurate and reproducible, and can be used for quality control of Salviae miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma polyphenolic acid reference extract.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873114

ABSTRACT

Objective::To investigate the effect of Xiaoyaosan (XYS) on hepatic lipid metabolism and steatohepatitis in ovariectomized (OVX) female SD rats and its mechanism. Method::Forty female SD rats were randomly divided into sham surgery group, OVX group, low-dose XYS group (3 g·kg-1), and high-dose XYS group (9 g·kg-1). Bilateral ovaries of rats were excised to replicate the obesity model of ovariectomized rat. After 6 weeks of intragastric administration, the change rate of body mass in each group, the levels of blood lipids and liver function of rats were detected. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining and oil red staining were used to observe the hepatocyte histomorphology and the intrahepatic fatty deposits. The expressions of hepatic proinflammatory cytokines and estrogen receptor beta (ERβ) were determined by quantitative real time polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR). Result::Compared with sham surgery group, the change rate of body mass of OVX group was significantly increased (2-6 weeks) with the changes in the course of drug administration and the levels of serum total cholesterol (TC), alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (P<0.05), aspartate amino transferase (AST) (P<0.01), low-density lipoprotein (LDL) (P<0.05) were markedly increased too (P<0.05, P<0.01). By histological method, in OVX group, the structure of hepatic cord became disordered, and there were new lipid droplets in hepatocyte cytoplasm, transcription levels of hepatic interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in OVX group were significantly increased (P<0.05). Compared with OVX group, the growth rate of body weight in low-dose and high-dose XYS group showed significant decreases with the increase of the cycle of drug administration (3-6 weeks). XYS significantly reduced levels of serum TC, ALT, AST, and LDL levels of OVX rats (P<0.05) in a dose-dependent manner, while serum triglyceride (TG), alkaline phosphatase (AKP) and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) levels in the four groups showed no statistical significance, XYS can improve hepatocyte structure and steatosis of OVX rats, XYS could reduce the transcription hepatic levels of IL-6 and IL-1β of OVX rats in a dose-dependent manner (P<0.05, P<0.01), but there was no significant difference in the transcription level of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) among groups, both low and high-dose XYS can increase the transcription hepatic level of ERβ in OVX group (P<0.05, P<0.01). Conclusion::XYS can improve the growth rate of body mass, the hepatic lipid metabolism abnormalities and steatohepatitis of OVX rats. The mechanism may be related to the elevated expression of hepatic ERβ by XYS, so as to inhibit the hepatic pro-inflammatory factors expressions.

12.
Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal ; (24): 637-642, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-857733

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To establish a high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC) method for determining chromone components in Saposhnikoviae Radix, and compare the similarities and differences between bolting and non-bolting samples. METHODS: Agilent Ecilpse Plus C18 column(4.6 mm×250 mm,5 μm) was used for chromatographic analysis, water and methanol were used as mobile phase for gradient elution at a flow rate of 1 mL•min-1. Detection was conducted at 254 nm. The column temperature was maitained at 35 ℃ and the injection volume was 10 μL. RESULTS: There were 10 common peaks in the HPLC fingerprints of 8 batches of Saposhnikoviae Radix,with similarity above 0.94 in six batches of bolting and non-bolting samples and below 0.90 in two batches of second-stubble samples.The HPLC assay had good linearity for the four chromone components. The average recoveries for prim-O-glucosylcimifugin,cimicifugin, 5-O-methylvisamidol glycoside and sec-O-glu cosylhamaudol were 95.05%, 98.62%, 98.3% and 99.02%,and the RSDs of repeatability test were 1.60%, 1.77%, 1.24% and 3.09%, respectively. When comparing the bolting and non-bolting Saposhnikoviae Radix, the content of cimicifugin increased after bolting, the other three components and the total amount of the four chromone components did not have significant variation. CONCLUSION: The establishment of HPLC fingerprint combined with simultaneous determination of four chromone components provides a more comprehensive reference for the quality control and quality evaluation of Saposhnikoviae Radix. There are no obvious differences in chromone components between bolting and non-bolting Saposhnikoviae Radix, but there is significant difference between second-stubble and first-stubble Saposhnikoviae Radix.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801887

ABSTRACT

The blood-brain barrier is located between blood vessels and brain parenchyma and is a composite tissue composed of brain capillary endothelial cell,astrocyte end foot,pericyte,basement membrane and their tight connections.The blood-brain barrier acts as an important barrier between the blood-brain. It strictly restricts the exchange of blood and brain tissue. On the one hand,it allows the nutrients required by the brain tissue to enter the barrier. On the other hand,the substance that damages the brain tissue is restricted from entering the barrier to maintain the stability of the neuron microenvironment. The barrier function of the blood-brain barrier also limits the concentration of drugs that treat certain diseases into the brain or reduces the concentration of drugs into the brain,affecting the treatment of certain diseases.Studies have found that Chinese medicine has the effect of regulating the permeability of the blood-brain barrier. For example, Chinese herbal medicines such as Moschus,borneol,Styorax,and Benzoinum can increase the permeability of the blood-brain barrier,and can help its medicine into the brain. Its role is mainly related to the reduction of the blood-brain barrier tight junction,the inhibition of the blood-brain barrier transporter,and the inhibition of the active transport of ion channels.Orifice-opening medicinal such as borneol and Moschus can reduce the permeability of the blood-brain barrier.Certain tonifying and replenishing medicinal such as Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma,Astragali Radix,and Paeoniae Radix Alba can also reduce the permeability of the blood-brain barrier to protect the blood-brain barrier and brain tissue.Its role is mainly related to the regulation of inflammatory reactions,increased expression of tight junction-associated proteins,and promotion of vascular endothelial proliferation.The two-way regulation of blood-brain barrier permeability by traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) may be the basis for the prevention and treatment of brain diseases by TCM.In this paper,we systematically sort out the relevant literatures on the study of the permeability of blood-brain barrier and its mechanism of action in Chinese medicine in recent years,and carry out in-depth combing and summary,in order to provide a scientific basis for the clinical application of TCM to prevent and treat brain diseases.

14.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 812-816, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801218

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To report a case of Carvajai syndrome caused by a spontaneous mutation in the desmoplakin (DSP) gene.@*Methods@#Clinical data were collected form a patient with Carvajal syndrome in Department of Dermatology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University. Peripheral blood samples were obtained from the proband, his parents and 100 unrelated healthy controls, and blood genomic DNA was extracted. The ion torrent PGM second-generation sequencing platform was used to detect sequence variations in coding regions of exons in skin disease-related genes in the proband and his parents, and the pathogenic variation was verified by PCR-Sanger sequencing.@*Results@#The proband clinically presented with woolly hair, diffuse palmoplantar keratoderma, onychodysplasia, hypodontia and sinus arrhythmia as shown by electrocardiogram. Gene sequencing revealed a heterozygous missense mutation c.1790C>T (p.Ser597Leu) in exon 14 of the DSP gene in the proband, resulting in the substitution of serine by leucine at amino acid position 597. No mutation was identified in the proband′s parents or the 100 healthy controls, so the mutation in the proband is spontaneous. The patient was finally diagnosed with Carvajal syndrome according to the clinical manifestations, gene detection and auxiliary examination results.@*Conclusion@#The heterozygous missense mutation C.1790C>T (p.Ser597Leu) of the DSP gene may be the pathogenic mutation for the clinical phenotype of the patient.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707098

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish fingerprint of Jinsangqi Kangdu Dropping Pills by HPLC; To control the quality of the preparation. Methods Waters XSELECT CSH-C18 chromatographic column (4.6 mm × 150 mm, 5 μm) was used and eluted with acetonitrile - 0.1% phosphoric acid solution gradient at the flow rate of 1.0 mL/min. The detection wavelength was 260 nm with column temperature of 30 ℃. Using calycosin-7-O-β-D-glucopyranoside, rutin, liquiritin, hyperoside, quercetin and ammonium glycyrrhizinate as the object references, ten batches of Jinsangqi Kangdu Dropping Pills were tested and analyzed by similarity comparison.Results Fringerprint spectrum of Jinsangqi Kangdu Dropping Pills had 24 common peaks in total, and characteristic spectrums of Hypericum Perforatum, Mori Cortex, Astragali Radix and Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma had been found, while similarity of HPLC fingerprint was more than 0.9 among those batches of samples. Conclusion Using HPLC fingerprint can evaluate the Jinsangqi Kangdu Dropping Pills quality totality,which can provide references for improving the quality control of the preparation.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-751919

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of stratified chain nursing model on the efficacy, symptom improvement and nursing satisfaction in pediatric pneumonia nursing. Me thods 58 cases of pediatric pneumonia in our hospital from March 2015 to March 2016 were selected as the control group. 58 cases of pediatric pneumonia in our hospital from April to April 2017 were selected as observation group. After 2 weeks of care, the two groups were compared in the curative effect, the symptoms improved and the nursing satisfaction. Re s ults The total effective rate of the two groups was significantly higher than that of the control group (P<0.05). The disappearance time of fever, the time of disappearance of cough, the time of disappearance of lung rales and the time of hospitalization were shorter than those of the control group, the difference was statistically significant (P <0.05). The observation group had higher evaluation scores in ward environment, nursing technology, sense of responsibility, health education, psychological care, and service attitude than the control group, the difference was statistically significant (P <0.05). Conclus ion Hierarchical chain nursing model is effective in the treatment of pediatric pneumonia, which can effectively improve the curative effect and nursing satisfaction, which is beneficial to the improvement of symptoms.

17.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1890-1892, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-688618

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To investigate the central corneal thickness(CCT)distribution of the children with ametropia in the non-contact tonometry(NCT), and the different intraocular pressure(IOP)measurements with Goldmann applanation tonometry(GAT)and the OCULUS Corvis ST(CST)corneal biomechanical analyzer, meanwhile, to evaluate the correlation between IOP and CCT. <p>METHODS: NCT was used to measure 39 children(78 eyes)of non-glaucomatous ametropia with single eye or binocular IOP higher than 21 mmHg. The IOP was measured again with CST and GAT. The two instruments were measured in random order and the CCT was measured by CST and corrected the IOP according to the CCT. The eyes were divided into the normal group and the thicker group according to the CCT. The three IOP values were analyzed by the ANOVA, and the IOP and CCT was analyzed by the Pearson correlation coefficient. <p>RESULTS: In the normal CCT group, the IOP by CST was lower than that the GAT and NCT measurements and the difference was statistically significant(<i>F</i>=5.12, <i>P</i>=0.01). In the thicker group, the comparison of the three intraocular pressure measurement methods was statistically significant(<i>F</i>=15.72, <i>P</i><0.001). IOP by NCT and GAT were significantly correlated with CCT(<i>r</i><sub>NCT</sub>=0.298, <i>P</i><sub>NCT</sub>=0.04; <i>r</i><sub>GAT</sub>=0.408, <i>P</i><sub>GAT</sub>=0.01). There was no significant correlation between CST corrected intraocular pressure and CCT(<i>r</i><sub>CST</sub>=0.062, <i>P</i><sub>CST</sub>=0.593). <p>CONCLUSION: The CCT of ametropia children with high IOP by Topcon tonometry were thicker. The corrected intraocular pressure of CST is lower than NCT and GAT. NCT and GAT were positively correlated with CCT. For children with thicker CCT, CST corrects intraocular pressure was closer to the real intraocular pressure value than NCT and GAT.

18.
China Pharmacist ; (12): 1993-1996, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705408

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the preparation and in vitro release and transdermal absorption of compound film forming gel. Methods:The compound film forming gel was made from new types of film-forming materials. The in vitro release rate was determined by Franz diffusion cells. Results:The in vitro release rate of mupirocin and dyclonine from the compound film forming gel was 81.34% and 88.46%,the transdermal cumulative release amount was(192.73 ± 0.45) μg·cm-2and(103.58 ± 0.66) μg·cm-2,and the skin retention was (419.81 ± 1.48) μg·cm-2and (212.07 ± 1.81) μg·cm-2, respectively. Conclusion: The release of drug is nearly complete. The transdermal absorption test shows that about 30.26% mupirocin and 32.53% dyclonine can pass through skin, and about 65.91% mupirocin and 66.59% dyclonine are stored in skin. The preparation not only plays the role of bacteriostasis,but also promotes wound healing and analgesia.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710126

ABSTRACT

AIM To prepare the matrine nanoparticles and their wheat germ agglutinin-modified product.METHODS Double emulsification-solvent evaporation method was employed to prepare matrine nanoparticles.In consideration of influencing factors of ratio of poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid) to matrine,rotational speed and polyvinyl alcohol concentration,as well as the evaluation indices of particle size,potential,encapsulation efficiency and drug load,the preparation was optimized by central composite design.Wheat germ agglutinin-modified matrine nanoparticles were prepared by carbodiimide method.In addition to the influencing factors of ratio of carbodiimide to N-hydroxysuccinimide,wheat germ agglutinin addition and incubation time,evaluation indices of particle size,potential and modification rate were also taken into account in the preparation optimization by uniform design.RESULTS The optimal conditions for matrine nanoparticles were determined to be 0.594 ∶ 1 for ratio of poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid) to matrine,815 r/min for rotational speed,and 0.46% for polyvinyl alcohol concentration.The average particle size,potential,encapsulation efficiency and drug loading were 112.04 nm,-15.38 mV,90.05% and 27.14%,respectively.The optimal conditions for their wheat germ agglutinin-modified product were found to be 2.8 ∶ 0.12 for ratio of carbodiimide to N-hydroxysuccinimide,3 mg for wheat germ agglutinin consumption,and 14 h for incubation time.The average particle size,potential and modification rate were 474.7 nm,-5.2 mV and 69.51%,respectively.CONCLUSION The preparation techniques are reliable,and the matrine nanoparticles and their wheat germ agglutinin-modified product show their stable properties.

20.
China Pharmacist ; (12): 982-985, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-686706

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the rheological properties of octoxynol-9 vaginal thermosensitive in situ gel [(O-9)-VTG] for predicting the gelation behavior in vivo, and evaluate the retention ability in vagina.Methods: The rheological parameters of (O-9)-VTG and (O-9)-VTG diluted by stimulant vaginal fluid (SVF) were measured by a Haake Rheomix to characterize the rheological properties.The vaginal samples after the administration of self-made (O-9)-VTG and O-9 gel were withdrawn, and then the concentration of octoxynol-9 in the samples was determined to evaluate the retention ability.Results: (O-9)-VTG was Newtonian fluid with low viscoelasticity under room temperature and converted to gel at 32.6℃.The formula could still transform into gel at body temperature after diluted by SVF, and resided in the vagina of mice above 8 h.Conclusion: (O-9)-VTG has suitable gelation temperature and rheological properties.Compared with the self-made octoxynol-9 gel, (O-9)-VTG has satisfactory retention in vagina, which meets the requirements for vaginal topical use.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL