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Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 898-906, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821681


Stroke has been harmful to human health for a long time, and there is no satisfactory treatment strategy because of its complex pathogenesis. Taohechengqi decoction has been effective in the treatment of stroke. In this study, the components were collected by TCMSP, TCMIP, BATMAN-TCM and TCMID databases, the targets were predicted and screened by PharmMapper and BATMAN-TCM databases, and the functional enrichment analysis of the targets was carried out by using R language package clusterProfiler. Finally, the key targets are verified by GEO database and molecular docking. The results showed that 51 active components of Taohechengqi decoction may regulate 15 key targets such as nitric oxide synthase, endothelial (NOS3), prostaglandin G/H synthase 2 (PTGS2), matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP9), affecting vascular endothelial growth factor signaling pathway and other pathways to play a role in the prevention of stroke, affecting tumor necrosis factor signaling pathway and other pathways to play a role in the treatment of stroke. GEO data analysis showed that androgen receptor (AR), caspase-8 (CASP8), intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM1), interleukin-1 beta (IL1B), mitogen-activated protein kinase 14 (MAPK14), MMP9, myeloperoxidase (MPO), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARG), PTGS2 and cellular tumor antigen p53 (TP53) were up-regulated genes, while serum albumin (ALB), estrogen receptor 1 (ESR1), NOS3, transcription factor p65 (RELA) and proto-oncogene tyrosine-protein kinase Src (SRC) were down-regulated genes. GEO analysis explained that Taohechengqi decoction may prevent stroke by down-regulating ESR1, NOS3, and treat stroke by up-regulating ICAM1, IL1B, MAPK14, MMP9, PPARG, PTGS2, TP53, and down-regulating RELA and SRC. The study found that in the process of prevention and treatment of stroke, Taohechengqi decoction played a two-way regulation role through multi-genes and multiple ways, which provided a new strategy for the treatment of stroke.

Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1588-1596, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780252


Stroke is a common disease with complex and diverse clinical manifestations. Fufang Longmai Ningfang has been found to exhibit therapeutic effect on stroke, but its molecular mechanism for treating stroke remains unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the molecular mechanism of Fufang Longmai Ningfang in the treatment of ischemic stroke by using the method of network pharmacology to define the active ingredients, target and molecular pathway of Fufang Longmai Ningfang. The TCMSP database was used to obtain the potential active components of Fufang Longmai Ningfang in the treatment of stroke. The CNKI database was used to verify the literature. The target was predicted and screened by PharmMapper and UniProt database. The target protein group was collected by TTD database. The Cytoscape software was used to construct a "component-target" network map, "component-target-disease" network map, and "target protein interaction" network map. The EAGLE algorithm was used for cluster analysis, the KEGG database was used for pathway analysis, and the SYBYL software was used for molecular docking for bioactivity verification. We found 39 potential active ingredients and 17 potential effective targets related to stroke. The representative active ingredients were ligustrazine, dioscin, and puerarin, and the related targets were MMP9, NOS3, NOS2, KDR, ALB, IL2, TGFB2, and CPB among others. The study found that carbon metabolism and HIF-1 signaling pathway are the main molecular pathways for treatment of stroke by Fufang Longmai Ningfang. The treatment of ischemic stroke by Fufang Longmai Ningfang may involve reduction of inflammatory response, enhancement of vascular permeability and inhibition of cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury, providing a theoretical basis for their clinical use.

Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1834-1842, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780064


Forsythia suspensa is a herbal medicine that widely used for heat-clearing and detoxification in clinical practice. However, the molecular mechanism of its heat-clearing and detoxifying effect is still unclear. Based on the theory and methods of network pharmacology, the efficacy of the heat-clearing and detoxification of Forsythia suspensa was analyzed in this study. A total of 114 of compounds in Forsythia suspensa were collected, and 15 of effective compounds were obtained by analyzing the bioavailability (OB) and drug-like properties (DL). Then 26 corresponding targets were obtained using reverse pharmacophore-docking method. Using the BioGPS database, the organ location of the target initially was revealed. The compound-targetdisease network model of Forsythia suspensa was constructed by using the Cytoscape, which showed that the material basis of the heat-clearing and detoxification of Forsythia suspensa was to synthesize and synergize the effects by combining various active ingredients of multiple targets, simultaneously. This study explains the scientific mechanism of the heat-clearing and detoxification of Forsythia suspensa, and provides a theoretical foundation for clinical rational usage of Forsythia suspensa.