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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877640

ABSTRACT

To introduce the historical origin of five element acupuncture and its development after returning to China, including the domestic inheritance mode, the clinical application, the establishment and operation of the Society of Five Element Acupuncture. This paper analyzed the challenges and opportunities faced by the development of five element acupuncture in China, which provides reference for the further development and expansion of the five element acupuncture.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , China , Moxibustion
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873256

ABSTRACT

Objective::To study on the content change and transformation rule of eight main characteristic components in stir-frying process of Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma. Method::The contents of liquiritin apioside, liquiritin, isoliquiritin apioside, isoliquiritin, liquiritigenin, isoliquiritigenin, glycyrrhizic acid and glycyrrhetinic acid in Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma were determined simultaneously by HPLC. The chromatographic conditions were Waters Symmetry® C18 column (4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 μm), and the mobile phase of acetonitrile (A)-0.05%phosphoric acid solution (B) for gradient elution (0-9 min, 19%-25%A; 9-18 min, 25%-34%A; 18-38 min, 34%-51%A; 38-58 min, 51%-89%A), the flow rate of 1 mL·min-1, the detection wavelengths at 320 nm (0-16 min), 276 nm (16-25 min), 370 nm (25-28 min), 254 nm (28-58 min), the injection volume of 10 μL and the column temperature at 30 ℃. Result::After stir-frying, the total content of three components with dihydroflavone as mother nucleus was decreased, while the total content of three components with chalcone as mother nucleus showed an upward trend, the content change of glycyrrhizic acid was not obvious, but glycyrrhetinic acid content showed a slight upward trend. When the monomer heating temperature reached 130 ℃, dihydroflavones and chalcones could be isomerized with each other, and with the increase of temperature, the isomerization became more obvious. When the heating temperature rose to 180 ℃ (isoliquiritin apioside was 130 ℃), in addition to the isomerization, the glucosidic bond of flavonoid glycosides began to break and gradually transformed into the corresponding secondary glycosides or aglycones. Glucosidic bond of glycyrrhizic acid could also be broken to form glycyrrhetinic acid, which was detected at 150 ℃. Conclusion::The change of chemical composition is complex during stir-frying process of Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, in addition to the isomerization and glucosidic bonds breaking observed in this experiment, there may be other complex reactions. The content of one compound in the herb is affected by many factors during its processing, such as the time and temperature of frying, the stability of the compound itself and so on.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802175

ABSTRACT

Objective:HPLC for the determination of five components in Descurainiae Semen was established to investigate the change rule of contents of five components in the herb before and after being processed. Method:The contents of quercetin-3-O-β-D-glucose-7-O-β-D-gentiobioside(QGG),sinapic acid,quercetin-3-O-β-D-glucopyranoside(QG),isorhamnetin-3-O-β-D-glucopyranoside(IG) and 1,2-di-O-sinapoyl-β-D-glucopyranose(SG) was determined simultaneously by HPLC,the change rule of contents of these components before and after processing and its reasons were analyzed.Waters Symmetry® C18 column(4.6 mm×250 mm,5 μm) was employed,and the mobile phase was acetonitrile(A)-1% acetic acid aqueous solution(B) for gradient elution(0-5 min,5%-10%A;5-15 min,10%-13%A;15-23 min,13%-20%A;23-43 min,20%-25%A;43-46 min,25%A;46-55 min,25%-40%A;55-60 min,40%A).The flow rate was 1 mL·min-1.The detection wavelength was set at 265 nm,the injection volume was 10 μL,and the column temperature was 30℃. Result:Contents of the above five components before processing were 0.114 3%,0.041 6%,0.036 2%,0.022 6% and 0.097 6%;after processing,the contents of these five components turn into 0.107 4%,0.011 3%,0.034 2%,0.021 9% and 0.058 9%;among them,the contents of these five components decreased by 6.04%,72.84%,5.52%,3.10% and 39.65%,respectively. Conclusion:The contents of these five components in Descurainiae Semen is reduced to varying degrees after processing.The contents of phenylpropanoids decrease significantly,while the contents of flavonoid glycosides do not change significantly.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801717

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analysis and identify the chemical components in Trichosanthis Fructus by UPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap-MS. Method: Samples of Trichosanthis Fructus were extracted by ultrasonic with 70% methanol after smashing and sifting by 40 mesh sieve. Thermo ScientificTM DionexTM UltiMateTM 3000 Rapid Separation LC system performed UPLC separations with Waters HSS T3-C18(2.1 mm×100 mm,1.8 μm) column. The mobile phase was 0.1% formic acid water(A)-methanol(B) with a gradient elution. The volume flow was 0.3 mL ·min-1. A Thermo ScientificTM LTQ-Orbitrap mass spectrometer equipped with a ESI probe was employed. The samples were respectively scanned in MS1 and MS2 mode of positive and negative ions. According to the chromatographic peak separation,mass signal intensity,and the number of molecular ions in MS1 model,the extraction condition,chromatogram and mass spectrum parameters were optimized. The chemical compounds were identified by the accurate mass measurement of molecular ions and fragment ion and comparation with reference substance. Result: 91 chemical compositions in Trichosanthis Fructus were totally identified,including 14 amino acids,5 monoterpenoids,5 tetracyclic triterpenoids,1 pentacyclic triterpene,14 flavonoids, 17 organic acids,3 polysaccharides,7 nucleotides,7 alkaloids and nitrogen compounds,2 volatile components,1 phytosterol,5 other compositions. Conclusion: The established UPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap-MS method can be used to quickly analyze and identify the main chemical constituents of Trichosanthis Fructus. The chemical information concerning the constituents in Trichosanthis Fructus could be helpful to the quality control and further studies of Trichosanthis Fructus.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801715

ABSTRACT

Objective: Taking electronic-eye (visual analyzer) technique,based on the powder color of Andrographis Herba,to investigate the applicability of electronic-eye technique and evaluate the quality of Andrographis Herba with different commercial specifications. Method: HPLC was employed to determine contents of andrographolide,dehydroandrographolide,14-deoxyandrographolide,neoandrographolide in 50 batches of Andrographis Herba with different commercial specifications(stems,leaves and aerial parts).Color of these samples were measured by electronic-eye technique.The data were analyzed by principal component analysis(PCA) and Pearson correlation analysis.The ability of electronic-eye to distinguish the different commercial specifications of Andrographis Herba was investigated and the correlation of chroma space system parameters (L*,a*,b*) with active components was investigated. Result: There was remarkable difference in contents of 4 diterpenoids in Andrographis Herba from different parts,their contents in leaves was the highest,followed by the aerial parts(mixture of stems and leaves),and their contents in stems was the lowest.The results of PCA was divided into two classes,namely the stem part,leaf and aerial parts,indicating that electronic-eye could be used to distinguish the quality of Andrographis Herba.The correlation results showed that there were significant negative correlation(PL*(lightness value) and the contents of andrographolide,dehydroandrographolide,14-deoxyandrographolide,neoandrographolide and the total content of these 4 components.In addition,L* of samples that did not conform to the lower limit of determination in the 2015 edition of Chinese Pharmacopeia was ≥ 69.5,and the L* of more than 90% of the samples in accordance with the requirements was Conclusion: Electronic-eye technique provides a new method and idea for the quality evaluation of Andrographis Herba.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773120

ABSTRACT

Chemical constituents of the Fufang Huangbai Ye( FFHB) were analyzed and identified by UPLC-ESI-LTQ-OrbitrapMS. The analysis was performed on an Waters HSS T3 reverse phase column( 2. 1 mm×100 mm,1. 8 μm). The mobile phase consisting of 0. 1% aqueous formic acid( A) and acetonitrile( B) was used with gradient elution,and the flow rate was 0. 3 mL·min~(-1).Based on the information of the accurate mass,the multistage fragment ions,the mass spectrometric data of the standard substance and the relative reference literature,the structure of the chemical constituents in FFHB were identified. Based on the identified compounds,network pharmacology study,including target prediction,functional enrichment,and molecular docking was applied to screen out the main active substances for treatment of diabetes foot and explore the potential mechanism. The results showed that a total of 138 compounds were identified,including 28 alkaloids,16 flavonoids,11 phenylethanoid glycosides,9 cycloolefins,11 cyclohexylethanol derivatives,28 phenolic acids and derivatives,3 lignans,4 terpenes,28 volatile oils and the others. Further,36 active substances for diabetes foot were screened out,and the functional enrichment showed the potential mechanism of FFHB were mainly seven functional items including inflammatory response,growth factor activity. This study combining the UPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap-MS technology and the network pharmacology provide a useful reference and basis for active compounds,quality control markers and the pharmacological mechanism of FFHB for diabetic foot treatment.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Diabetic Foot , Drug Therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Humans , Mass Spectrometry , Molecular Docking Simulation , Phytochemicals , Pharmacology
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687276

ABSTRACT

A new flavonoid glycoside, named complanatoside C (1), and 19 known compounds (2-20) were isolated from an 95% ethanol extract of Astragali Semen by various chromatographic methods. Their structures were identified on the basis of UV, IR, NMR, MS spectroscopic data analysis, and comparison with those in literature, including fifteen flavonoid glycoside (1-15), and six other constituents (16-20), among which compounds 16-19 were isolated from this plant for the first time.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690404

ABSTRACT

References and our previous experiment showed that the contents of glycosides were significantly decreased,while the contents of aglycones were significantly increased after processing of Cassiae Semen.It may be related to its glycosidases or the heating process. In order to investigate the reasons, high performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) was used to study the effects of these two factors on contents of Cassiae Semen's main chemical components in processing. The results showed that glycoside hydrolases was present in Cassiae Semen and could rapidly hydrolyze glycosides from Cassiae Semen into aglycones in suitable temperature with sufficient water.However,it didn't show effect on contents change of main constituents in the procedure of Cassiae Semen processing.The reason for content decrease of glycosides and content increase of aglycones in processed Cassiae Semen was glycoside bond cracking to produce corresponding aglycone at high temperature.This study further provides basis for further revealing of the processing mechanism of Cassiae Semen.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-305309

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To discriminate Descurainiae Semen and Pantagirus Semen.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>A high-performance liquid chromatographic method was developed to establish the fingerprint of Descurainiae Semen, and hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA) and partial least squares discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) were applied to study HPLC fingerprinting and chemical recognition.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>There exists large difference of chromatographic peaks and its relative peak area of HPLC fingerprints between Descurainiae Semen and Pantagirus Semen, and after conducting statistical analysis, the result demonstrated that all samples were classified into three categories: Descurainiae Semen, Pantagirus Semen and their mixtures.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The developed HPLC fingerprint combined with chemometrics can be utilized to discriminate between Descurainiae Semen and Pantagirus Semen, which was quick, simple, accurate and reliable an can provide the basis for the characterization and quality assess of Descurainiae Semen and Pantagirus Semen.</p>


Subject(s)
Brassicaceae , Chemistry , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Methods , Cluster Analysis , Least-Squares Analysis , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-341830

ABSTRACT

"Tinglizi", the ripe seed of Descurainia sophia and Lepidium apetalum, is a member of Brassicaceae (Cruciferae). Traditionally, the former is called "Nantinglizi" (Descurainiae Semen) while the latter is called "Beitinglizi" (Lepidii Semen). In the theory of traditional Chinese medicine, it has the power to purge lung-fire, relieve dyspnea, promote diuresis and reduce edema, and it is mainly indicated in a case with phlegm-fluid accumulation, cough with excessive sputum, dyspnea with being unable to lie, and general swelling. In view of its wide-spread application in clinic, a comprehensive review of Lepidii Semen and Descurainiae Semen was conducted from the following aspects: herbalogical study, variety identification, historical evolution of processing, chemical constituents, pharmacological effects, quantitative determination and toxicity which could provide reference for further research and development of "Tinglizi".


Subject(s)
Brassicaceae , Chemistry , Diuresis , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Dyspnea , Drug Therapy , Edema , Drug Therapy , Humans , Lepidium , Chemistry , Lung , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Molecular Structure , Plant Components, Aerial , Chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Seeds , Chemistry
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-324284

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To establish a method for determining the content of primary chemical constituents in the leaves of Cassia angustifolia.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The HPLC with Diamonsil C18 (4.6 mm x 250 mm, 5 microm) column was used , acetonitrile-1% acetic acid (10:90-15: 85-18: 82-20: 80-25: 75) in a gradient manner was used as a mobile phase, with flow rate of 1 mL x min(-1), column temperature at 40 degrees C and detection wavelength at 270 nm.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The results showed that 5 effective components all separated well and showed good linearity.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The method was proved to be rapid, sensitive, accurate, credible and repeatable. It can be applied to quality control of Folium Sennae.</p>


Subject(s)
Anthraquinones , Chemistry , Apigenin , Chemistry , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Methods , Glucosides , Chemistry , Naphthalenes , Chemistry , Reproducibility of Results , Senna Extract , Senna Plant , Chemistry , Temperature
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-324283

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To establish a method for determining the content of rubrofusarin gentiobioside in Cassia obtusifolia.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The HPLC with Diamonsil C18 (4.6 mm x 250 mm, 5 microm) column was used, acetonitrile-THF-1% acetic acid (18: 3:79) was used as a mobile phase, with flow rate of 1 mL x min(-1), column temperature at 40 degrees 2 and detection wavelength at 278 nm.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>A good linearity was obtained from 0.1-0.5 microg with r = 0.999 9 for rubrofusarin gentiobioside. The average recovery was 101.1%, and RSD was 2.23% (n = 5).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The method was proved to be simple, rapid, sensitive, precise, reliable and repeatable. It can be applied to the quality control of Semen Cassia.</p>


Subject(s)
Cassia , Chemistry , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Methods , Chromones , Chemistry , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Glucosides , Chemistry , Reproducibility of Results
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-235264

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the utility of chromatographic data for quality control of Paeonia suffruticosa, a Chinese herbal medicine.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Chromatographic fingerprints of Paeonia suffruticosa were determined by HPLC, the clustering analysis was used for data processing.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The quantitative differences among different growing areas were found and could be used to classify herbals from different growing areas, while there seemed to be no quantitative differences for processing factor.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The method could be used in quality control for monitoring herbal quality control, and the result also suggested that different growing areas may greatly affected the herbal qualities.</p>


Subject(s)
China , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Methods , Cluster Analysis , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Reference Standards , Ecosystem , Paeonia , Chemistry , Plant Roots , Chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Quality Control , Reproducibility of Results
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-235245

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the utility of Principal Factor Analysis (PFA) in chromatographic data for quality control.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Chromatographic fingerprints of processed root pieces of Paeonia lactiflora were determined by HPLC, the PFA was used for data processing.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The quantitative differences among different growing areas and different processing batches were found with the method.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The method could be used in quality control for monitoring between-batch products of traditional Chinese pharmaceutical process.</p>


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Methods , Ecosystem , Factor Analysis, Statistical , Hot Temperature , Pinellia , Chemistry , Plant Preparations , Chemistry , Reference Standards , Plant Roots , Chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Quality Control , Reproducibility of Results , Technology, Pharmaceutical , Methods , Wine
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-351824

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To provide experimental data for the quality control of processed Paeonia lactiflora, a Chinese herbal medicine.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Traditional processing of P. lactiflora was simulated, content of paeoniflorin and water extracts among different preparations were assayed by HPLC; The quantitative correlations among different processing conditions were analyzed, the effects of processing parameters on the contents of paeoniflorin and water extracts were assayed a nanalysed.</p><p><b>RESULT AND CONCLUSION</b>The controlled processing parameters were correlated with covariables which showed that processing procedures was controllable, and the heating temperature was a factor impacting the content of paeoniflorin.</p>


Subject(s)
Benzoates , Bridged-Ring Compounds , Glucosides , Hot Temperature , Monoterpenes , Paeonia , Chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Quality Control , Technology, Pharmaceutical , Methods , Temperature
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-356697

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To provide the experimental data for the quality control of Paeonia lactiflora a prepared Chinese medicinal herb.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The contents paeoniflorin among different growing areas and different processing methods methods were assayed by HPLC.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The quantitative differences of paeoniflorin content among different growing areas and different processing methods wereanalyzed quantitatively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The quantitative differences among different growing areas were not significant and the quantitative differences among different processing methods within 10%.</p>


Subject(s)
Benzoates , Bridged-Ring Compounds , China , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Ecosystem , Glucosides , Hot Temperature , Monoterpenes , Paeonia , Chemistry , Plant Roots , Chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Quality Control , Technology, Pharmaceutical , Methods , Wine
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-272781

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the chemical constituents of the dried buds of Lonicera confusa.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Chromatography and spectral analysis were respectively used to isolate and identify the constituents.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Seven compounds were isolated from the dried buds of L. confusa, and identified as rutin, quercetin, luteilin-7-O-beta-D-galactoside, lonicerin, chlorogenic acid, beta-sitosterol and tetratriacontane.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Rutin was isolated from the genus for the first time, and the others were isolated from the species for the first time.</p>


Subject(s)
Chlorogenic Acid , Chemistry , Flowers , Chemistry , Lonicera , Chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Quercetin , Chemistry , Rutin , Chemistry , Sitosterols , Chemistry
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