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1.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5041-5048, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008674

ABSTRACT

To investigate the intervention effect and mechanism of Zhenwu Decoction on diabetic nephropathy(DN) mice of spleen-kidney Yang deficiency syndrome based on the Rho-associated coiled-coil kinase(ROCK)/IκB kinase(IKK)/nuclear factor-κB(NF-κB) pathway. Ninety-five 7-week-old db/db male mice and 25 7-week-old db/m male mice were fed adaptively for one week. The DN model of spleen-kidney Yang deficiency syndrome was induced by Dahuang Decoction combined with hydrocortisone by gavage, and then the model was evaluated. After modeling, they were randomly divided into a model group, high-dose, medium-dose, and low-dose Zhenwu Decoction groups(33.8, 16.9, and 8.45 g·kg~(-1)·d~(-1)), and an irbesartan group(25 mg·kg~(-1)·d~(-1)), with at least 15 animals in each group. The intervention lasted for eight weeks. After the intervention, body weight and food intake were measured. Serum crea-tinine(Scr), blood urea nitrogen(BUN), fasting blood glucose(FBG), urinary albumin(uALb), and urine creatinine(Ucr) were determined. The uALb/Ucr ratio(ACR) and 24 h urinary protein(UTP) were calculated. Renal pathological morphology was evaluated by HE staining and Masson staining. The levels of key molecular proteins in the ROCK/IKK/NF-κB pathway were detected by Western blot. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) was used to detect interleukin-1β(IL-1β), interleukin-6(IL-6), interleukin-8(IL-8), interleukin-10(IL-10), and tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α). Compared with the blank group, the model group showed increased content of BUN, uALb, and SCr, increased values of 24 h UTP and ACR, decreased content of Ucr(P<0.05), enlarged glomeruli, thickened basement membrane, mesangial matrix proliferation, inflammatory cell infiltration, and collagen fiber deposition. The protein expression of ROCK1, ROCK2, IKK, NF-κB, phosphorylated IKK(p-IKK), phosphorylated NF-κB(p-NF-κB), and phosphorylated inhibitor of NF-κB(p-IκB) increased(P<0.05), while the protein expression of inhibitor of NF-κB(IκB) decreased(P<0.05). The levels of inflammatory factors IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8, and TNF-α increased(P<0.05), while the level of IL-10 decreased(P<0.05). Compared with the model group, the groups with drug treatment showed decreased levels of BUN, uALb, SCr, 24 h UTP, and ACR, increased level of Ucr(P<0.05), and improved renal pathological status to varying degrees. The high-and medium-dose Zhenwu Decoction groups and the irbesartan group showed reduced protein expression of ROCK1, ROCK2, IKK, NF-κB, p-IKK, p-NF-κB, and p-IκB in the kidneys(P<0.05), increased protein expression of IκB(P<0.05), decreased levels of serum inflammatory factors IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8, and TNF-α(P<0.05), and increased level of IL-10(P<0.05). Zhenwu Decoction can significantly improve renal function and renal pathological damage in DN mice of spleen-kidney Yang deficiency syndrome, and its specific mechanism may be related to the inhibition of inflammatory response by down-regulating the expression of key molecules in the ROCK/IKK/NF-κB pathway in the kidney.


Subject(s)
Mice , Male , Animals , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Interleukin-8 , Interleukin-10 , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , Interleukin-6 , I-kappa B Kinase , Spleen , Irbesartan , Uridine Triphosphate , Yang Deficiency/drug therapy , Kidney/pathology
2.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1062-1069, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007443

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effects of different suspension moxibustion methods on the syndrome characteristics and inflammatory factors of rats with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) of heat bi syndrome and to prove the concept of "moxibustion can be used for heat syndrome".@*METHODS@#Among seventy Wistar rats, 12 rats were randomly selected as a normal group, and the remaining rats were induced by collagen combined with wind, dampness, and heat environmental stimulation to establish the RA model of heat bi syndrome. Forty-eight rats with successful model establishment were further randomly divided into a model group and three moxibustion groups (mild moxibustion group, rotating moxibustion group and sparrow-pecking moxibustion group), with 12 rats in each group. The acupoints "Quchi" (LI 11), "Dazhui" (GV 14) and ashi point were used in all moxibustion groups, with mild moxibustion, rotating moxibustion, and sparrow-pecking moxibustion intervention given respectively, each acupoint was treated with moxibustion for 10 min a day, and 6 days were considered one course of treatment, with a total of three courses. After the intervention, the arthritis index (AI), the Evans blue (EB) extravasated volume in the soft tissue of the right hind paw, and the levels of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and interleukin (IL)-10 in the serum were measured by ELISA in each group. The volume of the bilateral hind paw was measured; the infrared thermal imaging was collected to analyze the temperature of the plantar area of the bilateral foot pads, and the reaction time of plantar heat pain was calculated before and after modeling, as well as after the 1st, 2nd and 3rd courses of interrention. The ankle dorsiflexion angle of the right hind foot was also measured before and after modeling, as well as after the intervention.@*RESULTS@#After modeling, compared with the normal group, the rats in the model group had more high-temperature areas in the bilateral hind limbs, abnormal AI score, abnormal bilateral hind paw volume, abnormal temperature of the plantar area of the bilateral foot pads, abnormal foot pain response time, abnormal right hind ankle dorsiflexion angle, abnormal right hind paw soft tissue EB extravasation, and abnormal serum TNF-α and IL-10 levels (P<0.01, P<0.05). After the intervention, compared with the model group, the rats in each moxibustion group had decreased or disappeared high-temperature areas in the bilateral hind limbs, EB extravasated volume in the soft tissue of the right hind paw was reduced (P<0.05), and the right ankle dorsiflexion angle was increased (P<0.05), serum level of TNF-α was reduced, and level of IL-10 increased (P<0.05); the AI scores in the mild moxibustion group and the sparrow-pecking moxibustion group was decreased (P<0.01, P<0.05). After the 1st, 2nd and 3rd courses of intervention, compared with the model group, the bilateral hind paw volume of rats in each moxibustion group was decreased (P<0.05, P<0.01), and plantar heat pain reaction time was increased (P<0.05). After the 2nd course and the 3rd course of intervention, the temperature of the right hind paw pad area was decreased in each moribustion group (P<0.05); after the 3rd courses of intervention, the temperature of the left hind paw pad area was decreased in the mild moxibustion group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Suspension moxibustion could adjust the serum levels of TNF-α and IL-10 to improve the syndrome characteristics of RA rats of heat bi syndrome, such as joint redness, swelling, heat, pain and activity restriction. The effect of mild moxibustion is the most prominent. The findings could provide scientific basis for "moxibustion can be used for heat syndrome".


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/therapy , Evans Blue , Hot Temperature , Interleukin-10/genetics , Moxibustion , Rats, Wistar , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/genetics
3.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 1255-1260, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012402

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical pathology and gene mutation characteristics of patients with glycogen storage disease type Ⅳ (GSD Ⅳ). Methods: The clinical data, liver histopathology and ultrastructural morphology, and gene sequencing results of 5 GSD Ⅳ cases diagnosed in the Children's Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine and the Children's Hospital of Fudan University from January 2015 to February 2022 were collected and analyzed retrospectively. Results: Among the 5 cases, 3 were male and 2 were female, ranging in age from 4 months to 1 year and 9 months. The clinical manifestations included fever, hepatosplenomegaly, liver insufficiency, growth retardation and hypotonia. Four cases had liver biopsy showing ground-glass-like changes in hepatocytes with intracytoplasmic inclusion bodies and varying degrees of fibrosis. Liver electron microscopy in 2 cases showed that the level of glycogen increased to varying degrees, and the cytoplasm was filled with low electron density substances. Genetic testing revealed that 3 cases had compound heterozygous variants in GBE1 gene; 1 case had a single pathogenic variant in GBE1 gene; and 1 case was deceased with no genetic testing, but each parent was tested for a heterozygous variant in the GBE1 gene. A total of 9 GBE1 gene mutations were detected, 3 of which were reported mutations and 6 novel mutations. One case died of liver cirrhosis, and 1 case underwent autologous liver transplantation. After transplantation, the liver function basically returned to normal, and the growth and development improved; the other 3 cases were managed through diet control and symptomatic treatment. Conclusions: CSD Ⅳ is an extremely rare inherited metabolic disease caused by GBE1 gene mutation, often presenting with hepatic and neuromuscular disorders, with heterogeneous clinical manifestations. The diagnosis mainly depends on histopathology and a pedigree gene analysis.


Subject(s)
Infant , Child , Humans , Male , Female , Glycogen Storage Disease Type IV/pathology , Retrospective Studies , China , Mutation , Genetic Testing/methods
4.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 489-494, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985668

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the maternal and fetal outcomes of expectant treatment and early termination of pregnancy in pregnant women with suspected invasive placenta accreta spectrum disorders (PAS) in the second trimester. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was performed on 51 pregnant women with suspected invasive PAS (ultrasound score ≥10) evaluated by ultrasound with gestational age <26 weeks and confirmed as invasive PAS by intraoperative findings or postoperative pathology in Peking University Third Hospital from January 2015 to January 2022. According to the informed choice of pregnant women and their families, they were divided into expectant treatment group (37 cases) and mid-term termination group (14 cases). The general clinical data and outcome indexes of the two groups were analyzed by χ2 test, Mann-Whitney U rank sum test, logistic regression and linear regression. Results: (1) General clinical data: among 51 pregnant women who were assessed as suspected invasive PAS by ultrasonography in the second trimester, invasive PAS was finally diagnosed by intraoperative findings and postoperative pathology, among which 46 cases (90%) were placenta percreta and 5 cases (10%) were placenta increta. (2) Outcome indicators: univariate analysis showed that there were no statistically significant differences in the intraoperative blood loss (median: 2 200 vs 2 150 ml), the proportion of blood loss >1 500 ml [73% (27/37) vs 9/14], the hysterectomy rate [62% (23/37) vs 8/14], the rate of intensive care unit (ICU) admission [78% (29/37) vs 9/14] between the expectant treatment group and the mid-term termination group (all P>0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that the rate of intraoperative blood loss >1 500 ml (aOR=0.481, 95%CI: 0.017-13.958; P=0.670), hysterectomy (aOR=0.264, 95%CI: 0.011-6.569, P=0.417) and ICU admission (aOR=1.327, 95%CI: 0.048-36.882, P=0.867) between the two groups showed no statistical differences. (3) Outcome analysis: all 37 cases in the expectant treatment group had live births and no early neonatal death. Five pregnant women (14%, 5/37) in the expectant treatment group underwent emergency cesarean section in the course of expectant treatment. In the mid-term termination group, all pregnancies were terminated by operation, including 9 cases of hysterectomy and 5 cases of placental hysterectomy. There was 1 fetal survival (gestational age of termination: 27+4 weeks) and 13 fetal death in the mid-term termination group. Conclusions: Pregnant women who are diagnosed as suspected invasive PAS, especially those with placenta percreta, have the risk of uterine rupture and emergency surgery in the course of expectant treatment. However, early termination of pregnancy does not reduce the risk of intraoperative blood loss and hysterectomy.


Subject(s)
Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Female , Humans , Infant , Placenta Accreta/surgery , Pregnancy Trimester, Second , Pregnant Women , Cesarean Section , Retrospective Studies , Blood Loss, Surgical , Placenta , Abortion, Induced , Hysterectomy
5.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 486-493, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935174

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the prevalence, awareness, treatment and control status of dyslipidemia among females aged ≥35 years old across China. Methods: Participants were selected by stratified multistage random sampling method in the "Twelfth Five-Year Plan" National Science and Technology Support Project "Survey on the Prevalence of Important Cardiovascular Diseases and Key Technology Research in China" project. This study is a retrospective, cross-sectional study. A total of 17 418 females aged 35 years and over were included in the current study. The basic information such as age, medical history and menopause was collected by questionnaire. The blood lipid parameters were derived from clinical laboratory examinations. The prevalence of dyslipidemia and the rate of awareness, treatment, and control of dyslipidemia were analyzed in females aged 35 years and over. Results: The age of participants was (56.2±13.0) years old, and the prevalence of dyslipidemia was 33.1% (5 765/17 418). The prevalence rates of high total cholesterol, hypertriglyceridemia, low HDL-C and high LDL-C were 9.7% (1 695/17 418), 11.1% (1 925/17 418), 10.9% (1 889/17 418) and 7.3% (1 262/17 418), respectively. The prevalence of dyslipidemia increased with age and the prevalence of dyslipidemia in women who were not married, Han, menarche age>16 years, obesity, central obesity, alcohol consumption, diabetes, hypertension and family history of cardiovascular disease were higher than those without such characteristics (P<0.05). There were 10 432 (59.9%) menopausal females in this cohort and prevalence of dyslipidemia of these participants was 38.8% (4 048/10 432), which was higher than that of non-postmenopausal females (24.6%, 1 717/6 986) (P<0.05). The awareness rates, treatment rates and control rates of dyslipidemia were 33.9% (1 953/5 765), 15.1% (870/5 765) and 2.5% (143/5 765) respectively among females aged 35 years and over in China. Conclusion: The prevalence of dyslipidemia in Chinese females aged 35 years and over is high, and its awareness, treatment, and control rates need to be optimized.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Cardiovascular Diseases , China/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Dyslipidemias/epidemiology , Obesity/epidemiology , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
6.
International Eye Science ; (12): 76-78, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906734

ABSTRACT

@#Pachydrusen is found in pachychoroid diseases such as polypoid choroidal vasculopathy disease, central serous chorioretinopathy, pachychoroid pigment epitheliopathy and pachychoroid neovasculopathy. The typical choroidal changes of the spectrum are abnormally dilated pachyvessels, choroidal thickening with overlying retinal pigmentary epithelium changes. In this paper, we summarized the clinical manifestations, epidemiology, genetics, and histopathology of the newly named type of drusen, in order to provide the direction for diagnosis and treatment in clinical ophthalmic diseases.

7.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 439-442, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958093

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the factors influencing pH value in umbilical arterial blood gas (UABG) analysis in preterm infants.Methods:A retrospective study was conducted on live singleton preterm infants ( n=573) who received UABG analysis in Peking University Third Hospital from January 2017 to February 2019. Analysis of variance, independent sample t-test, Spearman's or Pearson's correlation analysis, or linear regression analysis was used to analyze the influencing factors. Results:There was no significant difference in UABG pH value between preterm infants of different gestational ages (F=1.74, P=0.077). Spearman's correlation analysis found no correlation between gestational age and UABG pH value in premature infants ( r=0.003, P=0.940), and neither did Pearson's correlation between birth weight and pH value ( r=0.025, P=0.548). UABG pH value in preterm infants was linearly correlated with vaginal delivery ( t=-5.72, P<0.001), gestational hypertension ( t=-3.99, P<0.001) and placental abruption ( t=-4.52, P<0.001). Conclusions:Preterm infants at different gestational ages show a similar pH value in UABG. For those born to mothers with gestational hypertension or placental abruption, when vaginal delivery is pending, close monitoring and full preparation for resuscitation are necessary.

8.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 433-436, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923146

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the change in intestinal flora in Mongolian students with anxiety,so as to provide basis for exploring the relationship between flora and secretion expression in vivo.@*Methods@#The Self rating Anxiety Scale(SAS)was used to assess anxiety in medical college students; then a semi structured interview was administered. Fecal samples that met the inclusion criteria were collected and divided into anxiety (SAS score≥50) and control groups (no anxiety, SAS score<50) according to the standard score of SAS. Samples provided by Mongolian female students were selected from each group. The total bacterial DNA was extracted from the fecal samples for PCR amplification and NovaSeq 2x250bp high throughput sequencing was performed for the V3- V4 region of 16S rDNA gene to obtain the biological information of the intestinal flora. The intergroup OTU, structural diversity, significant difference, and LEfSe analyses were performed with information mining of the literature think tanks.@*Results@#Anxiety existed in 23.86% of the Mongolian students,and 16.96% of the Han people. A Chi square test showed no significant difference in detection of anxiety between Mongolian and Han college students ( P =0.07). Analysis of the alpha diversity index showed that the Shannon index, Simpson index, Chao1 index, and Observed species did not differed significantly between the two groups( t =8.0, 9.0 ,6.0,6.5). The difference in abundance of some bacteria was significant at the Class, Order, Family, and Genus levels between the two groups( t =-2.26-2.57,-5.08-3.58,-2.65-2.09, P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#The alpha diversity index showed that there was no significant difference in the abundance and diversity of intestinal flora between the two groups. While there were significant differences at different classification levels, the results suggest that the structure of intestinal flora can change in students with anxiety.

9.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 326-331, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935534

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological and molecular characteristics of hepatic fibrinogen storage disease (FSD) in children. Methods: The clinical, histopathologic, immunophenotypic, ultrastructural and gene sequencing data of 4 FSD cases were collected from September 2019 to January 2021 in the Children's Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai, China. Retrospective analysis and literature review were conducted. Results: There were 4 cases of FSD, 3 males and 1 female, aged 3 years and 3 months to 6 years (median age, 3 years and 4 months). The clinical manifestations were abnormal liver function and abnormal blood coagulation function, for which 2 cases had family genetic history. Liver biopsies revealed that, besides liver steatosis, fibrosis and inflammation, there were single or multiple eosinophilic inclusion bodies of various sizes and surrounding transparent pale halo in hepatocytes. Immunohistochemistry showed that the inclusion bodies were positive for anti-fibrinogen. Under the electron microscope, they corresponded to the dilated cisternae of the rough endoplasmic reticulum, which were occupied by compactly packed tubular structures and arranged into a fingerprint-like pattern with curved bundles. Gene sequencing revealed that the 2 cases of FGG mutation were located in exon 8 c.1106A>G (p.His369Arg) and c.905T>C (p.Leu302Pro), and 1 case was located in exon 9 c.1201C>T (p.Arg401Trp). No pathogenic variant was detected in the other case. Conclusions: FSD is a rare genetic metabolic disease and clinically manifests as abnormal liver function with hypofibrinogenemia. In the background of liver steatosis, fibrosis and inflammation, there are eosinophilic inclusions with pale halo in the hepatocytic cytoplasm, which can be identified by anti-fibrinogen immunohistochemical staining. The fingerprint-like structures under electron microscope are helpful for the diagnosis, while FGG sequencing detects the pathogenic mutation of exon 8 or 9 that can clearly explain the phenotype. However, the diagnosis of FSD cannot be completely ruled out if the relevant mutations are not detected.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , China , Fibrinogen/chemistry , Liver/pathology , Liver Diseases/pathology , Metabolic Diseases/pathology , Retrospective Studies
10.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 319-325, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935533

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological features of pediatric diffuse midline glioma with H3K27 alteration and to analyze their relationship with prognosis. Methods: Forty-one cases of childhood diffuse midline glioma with H3K27 alteration were collected at Children's Hospital of Fudan University (39 cases) and Xi'an Children's Hospital (2 cases), from July 2016 to July 2020. The clinical manifestations, imaging data, histopathology, immunohistochemical phenotype and molecular genetics features, tumor size, site and histological grading were evaluated. Results: Among the 41 cases, 21 were males and 20 females, the age of onset was 3-14 years, the average and median age was 7.6 years and 7.0 years, respectively. The tumor sites were brain stem (n=36) and other locations (n=5). The clinical manifestations were dizziness, gait disturbance, and limb weakness, etc. The MRI features were variable. The histology varied from low-grade to high-grade glioma with neuron differentiation. Immunohistochemistry showed that the tumor cells expressed H3K27M, GFAP, and Olig2. Genetic study showed that 76% (16/21) of tumors had H3F3A gene mutation, mostly accompanied by TP53 (62%, 13/21) missense mutation; five tumors (24%, 5/21) had HIST1H3B gene mutation, accompanied by missense mutations in ACVR1 and PI3K pathway-related gene PIK3CA (4/5) and PIK3R1 (1/5) mutations. The prognosis was dismal with only one alive and others died. The average and median overall survival time was 7 months and 4 months, respectively. Cox multivariate regression analysis showed that age, tumor location, radiologically maximum tumor diameter, histologic grading, and surgical methods were not significantly associated with overall survival rate (P>0.05). Conclusions: Pediatric diffuse midline gliomas with H3K27 alteration have unique clinicopathological and genetic characteristics. The prognosis is poor. The tumor location and histopathologic grading are not related to prognosis. New specific drugs and comprehensive treatment are needed to improve the prognosis.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Brain Neoplasms/genetics , Glioma/pathology , Histones/genetics , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/genetics , Prognosis
11.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 202-209, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929252

ABSTRACT

Two cardenolide glycosides, corotoxigenin 3-O-[β-D-glucopyranosyl-(1→4)-6-deoxy-β-D-glucopyranoside] (1) and coroglaucigenin 3-O-[β-D-glucopyranosyl-(1→4)-6-deoxy-β-D-glucopyranoside] (2), were isolated from the seed fairs of Asclepias curassavica. The structures of 1-2 were determined based on the combination of the analysis of their MS, NMR spectroscopic data and acid hydrolysis. The inhibitory effects of compounds 1 and 2 on human colorectal carcinoma cells (HCT116), non-small cell lung carcinoma cells (A549) and hepatic cancer cells (SMMC-7721) were evaluated. The results showed that both compounds 1 and 2 significantly inhibited the viability, proliferation, and migration of A549, HCT116 and SMMC-7721 cells, suggesting that compounds 1 and 2 can be applied in the treatment of lung, colon and liver cancers in clinical practice. This study may not only provide a scientific basis for clarifying the active ingredients in A. curassavica, but also help to understand its antitumor activity, which can promote the application of A. curassavica in clinical treatment of various cancers.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antineoplastic Agents/pharmacology , Asclepias/chemistry , Cardenolides/pharmacology , Glycosides/pharmacology , Seeds
12.
Chinese Journal of Ocular Fundus Diseases ; (6): 702-708, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912394

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the efficacy of conbercept in the treatment of different types of diabetic macular edema (DME).Methods:A retrospective clinical study. From March 2019 to March 2021, 136 eyes of 136 patients with DME diagnosed in Department of Ophthalmology of Xi'an No.3 Hospital were included in the study. Among them, there were 65 males and 71 females; the average age was 56.65±8.65 years. All patients underwent best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), optical coherence tomography (OCT) examination, and glycosylated hemoglobin level (HbA1c) examination. Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study visual acuity chart was used for BCVA examination, which was converted into the logarithmic minimum angle of resolution (logMAR) visual acuity during statistics. An OCT instrument was used to measure the central retinal thickness (CRT) of the macula. According to the characteristics of OCT, DME was divided into diffuse retinal thickening (DRT) type, cystoid macular edema (CME) type, serous retinal detachment (SRD) type, mixed type, and grouped accordingly, respectively, about 30, 38, 33, 35 eyes. There was no significant difference in age ( F=1.189), sex ratio ( χ2=1.331), and HbA1c level ( F=3.164) of the four groups of patients ( P>0.05). All eyes were treated with intravitreal injection of 10 mg/ml conbercept 0.05 ml (including conbercept 0.5 mg) once a month for 3 consecutive times, and then treated as needed after evaluation. BCVA and OCT examinations were performed 1, 3, and 6 months after treatment with the same equipment and methods as before treatment. The changes of BCVA and CRT before and after treatment were compared and observed. For measurement data subject to normal distribution, one-way analysis of variance was performed for comparison between groups; χ2 test was performed for comparison of count data. Results:Before treatment, the logMAR BCVA of the eyes in the DRT group, CME group, SRD group, and mixed group were 0.68±0.11, 0.69±0.15, 0.71±0.12, 0.73±0.14, and CRT was 631.4±50.7, 640.6±55.7, 652.3±63.4, 660.4±61.8 μm. Compared with before treatment, 1, 3, 6 months after treatment, DRT group (BCVA: t=8.139, 11.552, 11.672; CRT: t=16.163, 21.653, 25.855), CME group (BCVA: t=8.923, 9.995, 13.842; CRT: t=16.163, 21.653, 25.855), SRD type group (BCVA: t=5.171, 7.315, 6.051; CRT: t=9.099, 13.731, 21.306), mixed type group (BCVA: t=5.072, 6.939, 7.142; CRT: t=6.920, 15.352, 17.538) The BCVA of the affected eyes was significantly increased, and the CRT was significantly decreased, and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). At 6 months after treatment, the differences in logMAR BCVA and CRT of the 4 groups of eyes were statistically significant ( χ2=58.478, 64.228; P<0.05). The average number of injections in the eyes of the DRT group, CME group, SRD group, and mixed group were 3.37±1.35, 3.68±1.38, 4.18±1.40, 4.13±1.50 times, respectively. Compared with the average number of injections in the eye, the difference was statistically significant ( χ2=9.139, P=0.028). Conclusions:Conbercept can effectively reduce CRT and increase BCVA in eyes with different types of DME. Compared with SRD type and mixed type, DRT and CME type eye are more effective in improving vision, CRT reduction degree is greater, and the number of injections is less.

13.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 451-457, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910157

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the incidence and trend of severe postpartum hemorrhage (sPPH) in China, and to provide basic data for the development and evaluation of sPPH prevention and control strategy.Methods:Obstetric data was extracted from annual national representative sampling surveys based on the National Clinical Improvement System. From 2016 to 2019, 2 978, 3 400, 4 576 and 4 594 maternity hospitals with sPPH cases were included for statistics. The annual incidence of sPPH was calculated according to province and type of medical institutions and generalized linear model was emplyed to identify the determinants affecting sPPH incidence.Results:In China, sPPH incidence increased from 0.62% in 2016 to 0.93% in 2018, and was 0.92% in 2019. Eighteen provinces had an inverted U-shaped trend of sPPH over time and most of them had the highest incidence in 2018; ten provinces had an upward trend of sPPH and 3 provinces had a U-shaped trend. In 2019, the top five provinces with the highest sPPH incidence were Yunnan (1.88%), Beijing (1.45%), Jiangsu (1.31%), Guizhou (1.26%), and Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region (1.22%); the top five provinces with the lowest incidence were Henan (0.55%), Jiangxi (0.60%), Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region (0.64%), Liaoning (0.64%) and Gansu (0.69%). In 2019, the sPPH incidence in different types of medical institutions were as follows: tertiary public general hospital (1.15%), tertiary public specialized hospital (1.02%), secondary public general hospital (0.81%), private hospital (0.61%) and secondary public specialized hospital (0.58%). sPPH incidence was positively associated with proportion of twin pregnancies, macrosomia, primipara, and puerpera aged ≥35 years in maternity hospitals ( P<0.05). Conclusions:sPPH incidence generally showes an increasing trend from 2016 and is stable at a high level in recent two years in China. It is warranted to further strengthen the monitoring of postpartum hemorrhage, and improve the capability of hierarchical management and treatment in maternity institutions and regions, in order to reduce sPPH incidence and maternal mortality.

14.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 163-169, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878333

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study aims to investigate the correlation of an ultrasonic scoring system with intraoperative blood loss (IBL) in placenta accreta spectrum (PAS) disorders.@*Methods@#A retrospective cohort study was conducted between January 2015 and November 2019. Clinical data for patients with PAS have been obtained from medical records. Generalized additive models were used to explore the nonlinear relationships between ultrasonic scores and IBL. Logistic regressions were used to determine the differences in the risk of IBL ≥ 1,500 mL among groups with different ultrasonic scores.@*Results@#A total of 332 patients participated in the analysis. Generalized additive models showed a significant positive correlation between score and blood loss. The amount of IBL was increased due to the rise in the ultrasonic score. All cases were divided into three groups according to the scores (low score group: ≤ 6 points, @*Conclusions@#The risk of blood loss equal to or greater than 1,500 mL increases further when ultrasonic score greater than or equal to 10 points, the preparation for transfusion and referral mechanism should be considered.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Blood Loss, Surgical/statistics & numerical data , Gestational Age , Logistic Models , Placenta Accreta/surgery , Predictive Value of Tests , Retrospective Studies , Risk , Ultrasonography, Prenatal/statistics & numerical data
15.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3633-3642, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888016

ABSTRACT

This article is to explore the antidepressant mechanism of Shugan Lipi recipe in regulating tryptophan metabolism,and to find out their common pharmacodynamic substances. UPLC-Q-TOF-MS technology was used to establish fingerprints of Shugan Lipi recipe,and 124 components were identified. The depressed mouse model was replicated by triple-one multiple stress method. Chaihu Shugan Powder,Sini Powder and Xiaoyao Powder were administered in groups to observe the changes in body weight and behavior of the mice. The results showed that compared with the model group,the body weight,sucrose preference percentage and autonomous activity behavior of each administration group were improved. Among them,the effect of Chaihu Shugan Powder was better than that of Sini Powder and Xiaoyao Powder. LC-MS/MS method was used to determine the contents of 5-hydroxytryptamine( 5-HT),kynurenine( KYN) and tryptophan( TPP) in blood,liver,brain,colon and other tissues,as well as TDO enzyme activity in liver. Western blot and RT-PCR were used to detect the protein and gene expression of TDO enzyme,respectively. It was found that the three prescriptions increased the ratio of 5-HT/KYN in different degrees,decreased the ratio of KYN/TRP in liver,colon and brain,and decreased the expression level and activity of TDO enzyme in liver. The order of their ability to regulate tryptophan metabolism was Chaihu Shugan Powder>Sini Powder>Xiaoyao Powder. In addition,the correlation between the chromatographic peaks in the fingerprints of Shugan Lipi recipes and the pharmacodynamic indexes of tryptophan metabolism was analyzed by the grey relation analysis. The grey relation analysis found that the chemical components with the highest correlation with tryptophan metabolism were mainly from Paeoniae Radix Alba,Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium,Aurantii Fructus Immaturus and Aurantii Fructus. UPLC-Q-TOF-MS was used to analyze the migration components in the plasma of mice after administration of Shugan Lipi recipe,and to verify the common pharmacodynamic substances of Shugan Lipi recipe. The migration of these detected components in plasma was studied,and a total of 18 prototype components and 36 metabolites were identified. Therefore,it was believed that Chaihu Shugan Powder,Sini Powder and Xiaoyao Powder could play an antidepressant role by reducing the expression of TDO enzyme in the liver and regulating the metabolism of tryptophan.The components contained in Paeoniae Radix Alba,Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium,Aurantii Fructus Immaturus and Aurantii Fructus were the common pharmacodynamic substances of Shugan Lipi recipe,which played an important role in regulating tryptophan metabolism.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Antidepressive Agents , Chromatography, Liquid , Paeonia , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Tryptophan
16.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 32-39, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885515

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the predictive value of a scoring model based on MRI images for diagnosing invasive placenta accreta and associated adverse clinical outcomes.Methods:This retrospective cohort study involved 260 patients delivered at Peking University Third Hospital from January 2015 to December 2018, who were suspected to be placenta accreta with two or more ultrasound image findings and underwent MRI examination. Placenta accreta was finally diagnosed and classified based on the intraoperative clinical findings or pathological examination. Adverse clinical outcomes were defined as intraoperative bleeding ≥1 500 ml and/or having hysterectomy. Quantitative and qualitative interpretation of five MRI signs were performed, including intraplacental low-intensity band on T2 weighted imaging, abnormal intraplacental vascularization, vascularization of uterovesical interface, uterine bulging and cervical involvement. Chi-square and t test were used for univariate analysis of the five MRI signs and the receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curve of each MRI sign for predicting invasive placenta accreta and adverse clinical outcomes were drawn. The predictive value was assigned as 1 when ≥ the cutoffs that matched to the maximum Yoden index values, and was assigned as 0 when below the cutoffs. A scoring model based on the five MRI signs was established, ROC curves of the model for predicting invasive placenta accreta and adverse clinical outcomes were drawn and the area under the curve (AUC), sensitivity, specificity and Youden index were calculated. Results:(1) Univariate analysis showed that all five MRI signs were significantly associated with invasive placenta accreta and adverse clinical outcomes. Except for cervical involvement, the other four signs had an AUC value of greater than 0.5 in predicting invasive placenta accreta and adverse clinical outcomes. (2) The predictive cut-off values of abnormal intraplacental vascularization image and intraplacental dark band area on T2 weighted imaging were 2.0 cm 2 and 0.6 cm 2, respectively, and were all 1.0 for the other three signs. The AUC value of MRI signs-based scoring model for predicting invasive placenta accreta was 0.863. When the score was ≥ 2 points, the diagnostic sensitivity was 0.836 and the specificity was 0.726. The scoring model predicted adverse clinical outcomes with an AUC of 0.841. When the score was ≥3 points, the predictive sensitivity was 0.707 and the specificity was 0.818. Conclusions:The scoring model based on MRI signs is of good value for the diagnosis of invasive placenta accreta and the prediction of adverse clinical outcomes.

17.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 101-104, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885051

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of paclitaxel on the mast cell-CCL2-macrophage axis in rats with pulmonary hypertension.Methods:Thirty SPF-grade healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats, aged 8-10 weeks, weighing 180-220 g, were divided into 3 groups ( n=10 each) using a random number table method: control group (group C), pulmonary hypertension group (group PH), and paclitaxel group (group PTX). The model of pulmonary hypertension was established by subcutaneous injection of monocrotaline 60 mg/kg in rats.At 25 days after establishing the models, paclitaxel 2 mg/kg was injected via the tail vein once every four days, for 4 times in total in group PTX.The equal volume of normal saline was injected in the remaining 2 groups.The mean pulmonary artery pressure (mPAP) was performed at 40 days after establishing the model.The heart was removed and dried, the right ventricle (RV) and left ventricle plus ventricular septum (LV+ S) was weighed, and the Fulton index [RV/(LV+ S)] was calculated.The inferior lobe of left lung was taken, the ratio of media wall thickness of pulmonary vessels was calculated by HE staining, the number of Tryptase + , CD68 + , CD163 + , and Ki67 + cells was recorded by immunohistochemistry, the mean value was calculated, the percentage of Ki67-positive cells in blood vessels was recorded, and the proportion of muscularized blood vessels was calculated.The content of CCL2 was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and the expression of cleaved caspase-3 and Cyclin D1 was detected by Western blot. Results:Compared with group C, the mPAP, Fulton index, ratio of media wall thickness, proportion of muscularized blood vessels, the number of Tryptase + , CD68 + and CD163 + cells and percentage of Ki67 + cells were significantly increased, and the expression of cleaved caspase-3 was down-regulated in PH and PTX groups ( P<0.05), the expression of Cyclin D1 was significantly up-regulated in group PH ( P<0.05), and no significant change was found in group PTX ( P>0.05). Compared with group PH, the mPAP, Fulton index, ratio of media wall thickness, percentage of muscularized blood vessels, the number of Tryptase + , CD68 + and CD163 + cells and percentage of Ki67 + cells were significantly decreased, the expression of CCL2 and Cyclin D1 was down-regulated, and the expression of cleaved caspase-3 was up-regulated in group PTX ( P<0.05). Conclusion:The mechanism by which paclitaxel alleviates pulmonary hypertension is related to inhibiting the mast cell-CCL2-macrophage axis in rats.

18.
Chinese Journal of Ocular Fundus Diseases ; (6): 714-717, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871808

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the correlation between obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) and central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC).Methods:From October 2016 to December 2018, 50 cases of CSC patients (CSC group) and 50 healthy people (control group) matched by age and sex who were diagnosed in the ophthalmological examination of Xi’an No.3 Hospital were included in the study. According to the course of the disease, CSC was divided into acute phase and chronic phase, with 20 and 30 cases respectively. The average age ( Z=1.125) and body mass index (BMI) ( Z=0.937) of the two groups were compared, and the difference was not statistically significant ( P>0.05); the age of patients with different courses of CSC ( Z=1.525) and gender composition ratio ( χ2=0.397) and BMI ( Z=1.781) were compared, the difference was not statistically significant ( P>0.05). The Berlin questionnaire was used to assess the OSAS risk of subjects in the CSC group and the control group; polysomnography was used to monitor the apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) and minimum blood oxygen saturation (MOS) during night sleep. OSAS diagnostic criteria: typical sleep snoring, daytime sleepiness, AHI (times/h) value ≥ 5. The severity of OSAS was classified as mild OSAS: 5≤AHI<15; moderate OSAS: 15≤AHI <30; severe OSAS: AHI≥30. Non-normally distributed measurement data were compared by rank sum test; count data were compared by χ2 test. Spearman correlation analysis was performed on the correlation between OSAS and CSC. Results:The AHI data in the CSC group and the control group were 17.46±3.18 and 15.72±4.48 times/h, respectively; the MOS were (83.48±4.68)% and (87.40±3.82)%, respectively; those diagnosed with OSAS were respectively 36 (72.00%, 36/50) and 13 (26.00%, 13/50) cases. AHI ( Z=0.312), MOS ( Z=0.145), and OSAS incidence ( χ2=21.17) were compared between the two groups of subjects, and the differences were statistically significant ( P=0.028, 0.001,<0.001). The AHI of acute and chronic CSC patients were 15.95±3.02 and 18.47±2.92 times/h; the MOS were (86.10±11.07)% and (81.73±4.58)%, respectively. There were statistically significant differences in AHI ( Z=0.134) and MOS ( Z=0.112) in patients with different course of disease ( P=0.005, 0.001). The results of Spearman correlation analysis showed that OSAS and CSC were positively correlated ( r=0.312, P=0.031). Conclusion:OSAS may be a risk factor for the onset of CSC.

19.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 415-419, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871083

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship of umbilical arterial blood pH with Apgar score and its perinatal influencing factors as well as effects on short-term neonatal outcomes.Methods:This study retrospectively collected the clinical data of 7 183 singleton newborns who were born at ≥35 gestational weeks with umbilical artery blood gas analysis in Peking University Third Hospital from January 2017 to February 2019. All cases were divided into two groups according to their Apgar scores at 1 min: low Apgar group (≤7 scores, n=42) and normal Apgar group (>7 scores, n=7 141). Moreover, according to the pH value of umbilical artery blood they were also allocated into acidosis group (pH<7.2, n=379 ) and normal pH group (pH≥7.2, n=6 804). Independent sample t test, Chi-square test, Fisher's exact test, Pearson's correlation analysis and multivariate logistic regression analysis were used to analyze the correlation between umbilical arterial blood pH and Apgar score, effects of perinatal complications on umbilical arterial blood pH, and influences of acidosis on early neonatal outcomes. Results:The umbilical arterial blood pH in the low Apgar group was significantly lower than that in the normal Apgar group (7.19±0.13 vs 7.32±0.07, t=-6.011, P<0.001). There was a positive correlation between the umbilical arterial blood pH and Apgar score at 1 min ( r=0.217, P<0.001). Fetal distress was an independent risk factor for low Apgar score ( OR=20.553, 95% CI: 4.380-96.443, P<0.001). Premature rupture of membranes was an independent risk factor for acidosis ( OR=1.316, 95% CI: 1.035-1.673, P=0.025). The incidence of low Apgar score [6.33% (24/379) vs 0.26% (18/6 804), χ2=217.075], respiratory distress [6.60% (25/379) vs 2.62% (178/6 804), χ2=21.205] and intracranial hemorrhage [1.06% (4/379) vs 0.04% (3/6 804), Fisher's exact test] was significantly higher in the acidosis group than in the normal pH group (all P<0.001). Conclusions:Neonates with lower umbilical arterial blood pH value should be closely monitored after birth as they are more likely to have respiratory distress and intracranial hemorrhage. Umbilical arterial blood pH value may be effective and is recommended in predicting neonatal early outcome.

20.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 414-419, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942018

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the infection prevention and control strategy of bedside blood purification treatment in corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) isolation ward, and to evaluate the effect of infection prevention and control management measures.@*METHODS@#We summarized and analyzed the clinical features, infection status, outcome and infection prevention and control measures of bedside blood purification treatment patients in COVID-19 isolation ward from February 8, 2020 to March 31, 2020, analyzed the COVID-19 cross-infection between the patients and medical staffs, and the blood-borne pathogens cross-infection situation between the patients, and analyzed the effect of bundle prevention and control measures in controlling the occurrence and spread of cross-infection.@*RESULTS@#A total of 101 COVID-19 patients were hospitalized in this COVID-19 isolation ward, of whom 10 patients (9.90%) received bedside blood purification treatment and the blood purification treatment method was continuous hemodialysis filtration (CVVHDF), and the 10 patients received 79 times of blood purification treatment in total. The prevention and control management measures adopted included divisional isolation, patient behavior isolation and patient placement, operator personal protection and hand hygiene, dialysis waste fluid disposal, isolation room air purification, object surfaces, medical devices and medical fabrics dis-infection management. There were no occurrence and spread of COVID-19 in the medical healthcare workers and blood-borne pathogens cross-infection in the patients. And all the twice throat swabs (two sampling interval > 1 day) of the medical staffs in COVID-19 virus nucleic acid test were negative. The 2 suspected COVID-19 patients' throat swab virus nucleic acid test and the COVID-19 IgG, IgM were always both negative, the chest CT showed no viral pneumonia.@*CONCLUSION@#Bedside blood purification treatment in the COVID-19 isolation ward, the occurrence and spread of healthcare associated infection can be effectively controlled through effective infection prevention and control management, including divisional isolation, patient behavior isolation and patient placement, operator personal protection and hand hygiene, dialysis waste fluid disposal, isolation room's air purification, object surfaces, medical devices and medical fabrics disinfection, which can provide experience for diagnosis, treatment and prevention and control of patients in the respiratory infectious disease ward.


Subject(s)
Humans , Betacoronavirus , COVID-19 , Coronavirus Infections/therapy , Infection Control/statistics & numerical data , Pandemics/prevention & control , Pneumonia, Viral/therapy , SARS-CoV-2
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