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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940571

ABSTRACT

Atractylodis Rhizoma is a kind of commonly used clinical Chinese medicine (TCM), which was first recorded in Shennong Bencaojing (《神农本草经》). At that time, it was called "Zhu", which is the general name of Atractylodis Rhizoma and Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma. After Song dynasty, Atractylodis Rhizoma and Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma were separated. Atractylodis Rhizoma can be divided into Atractylodes lancea and A. chinensis. In history, A. lancea as authentic, that its quality is better than A. chinensis. However, the quality of Atractylodis Rhizoma was evaluated by the index component atractylodin in the 2020 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia. The general results showed that the content of atractylodin in A. lancea was low, even failed to meet the specified standard, and its content in A. chinensis was significantly higher than that in A. lancea. The results were inconsistent with the records of ancient books and documents, and the quality theory of "genuine medicine is the best". It could not reflect the quality advantage of genuine Atractylodis Rhizoma, and may even affect the clinical application and development momentum of genuine medicine. In short, the quality standard of TCM should not only conform to the historical experience, but also have the connotation of modern science and technology, which can stand the test of practice. Based on this, the author intends to sort out relevant laws and regulations, sort out the literature related to the authenticity, composition and efficacy of Atractylodis Rhizoma, and analyze the rationality of the current standard of Atractylodis Rhizoma by integrating the relevant records of historical classics and modern research results, so as to provide a basis for the improvement of the quality standard of Atractylodis Rhizoma.

2.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1446-1450, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940001

ABSTRACT

AIM: To explore the expression and significance of forkhead box class O3(FOXO3)and interleukin-2(IL-2)in conjunctival epithelial cells and tears of patients with dry eye(DE).METHODS:A perspective study. A total of 106 DE patients who accepted from March 2019 to March 2021 were prospectively gathered, and 85 healthy subjects in the same period were selected as the control group. The level of FOXO3 in the conjunctival epithelial cells and tear fluid was measured by real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR(qRT-PCR)method; The level of IL-2 in the sample was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent(ELISA)method; The changes in clinical indicators of the ocular surface such as break-up time(BUT), Schirmer Ⅰtest(SⅠt), cornea fluorescein staining(CFS)in DE patients before and after treatment were analyzed; The correlation between the levels of FOXO3 and IL-2 in the conjunctival epithelial cells and tears of DE patients and the relationship between the two and clinical indicators were analyzed by Pearson correlation analysis.RESULTS:Compared with the control group, the level of FOXO3 in conjunctival epithelial cells and tear fluid in the DE group was obviously reduced, and the level of IL-2 was obviously increased(all P<0.01). Compared with before treatment, the level of FOXO3 in conjunctival epithelial cells and tear fluid of DE patients was obviously up-regulated, and the level of IL-2 was obviously down-regulated(all P<0.05). Pearson correlation analysis showed that the levels of FOXO3 and IL-2 in conjunctival epithelial cells and tear fluid were obviously inversely correlated(r=-0.531, -0.469, all P<0.01). After treatment, BUT and SⅠt indexes of DE patients increased compared with before treatment, while CFS decreased(all P<0.01). The level of FOXO3 in conjunctival epithelial cells of DE patients was obviously directly correlated with BUT and SⅠt(r=0.431, 0.457, all P<0.01), and it was obviously inversely correlated with CFS(r=-0.469, P<0.01), and the level of IL-2 was obviously inversely correlated with BUT and SⅠt(r=-0.416, -0.447, all P<0.01), and it was obviously directly correlated with CFS(r=0.424, P<0.01); tear FOXO3 was positively correlated with BUT and SⅠt(r=0.421, 0.443, all P<0.01), and it was negatively correlated with CFS(r=-0.474, P<0.01), and IL-2 was negatively correlated with BUT and SⅠt(r=-0.408, -0.429, all P<0.01), and it was positively correlated with CFS(r=0.419, P<0.01).CONCLUSION: the level of FOXO3 in conjunctival epithelial cells and tears of DE patients is decreased, and the level of IL-2 is increased. The two of which are closely related to the ocular surface indicators of patients. They are expected to become laboratory auxiliary indicators for clinical monitoring and prognostic evaluation of DE.

3.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 476-480, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923222

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the abnormal results and their causes of personal dose monitoring on medical radiation workers.METHODS: The medical radiation workers monitored from 2016 to 2019 in the personal dose monitoring room of Guangdong Province Hospital for Occupational Disease Prevention and Treatment were selected as the study subjects using convenient sampling method. The abnormal results and their causes of the medical radiation workers with personal dose equivalent ≥1.25 mSv(investigation level) in a single period were analyzed. RESULTS: The rate of abnormal results of personal dose monitoring was 0.26%(263/102 284). The false result rate was 0.19%(194/102 284), and that of the true result rate was 0.07%(69/102 284). A total of 73.38%(193/263) of medical radiation workers had abnormal results with an personal dose equivalent less than 5.00 mSv. Among different occupational groups, the abnormal results and false results in personal dose monitoring in interventional radiology group were the highest(all P<0.01). The abnormal result rate and false result rate were higher in the Pearl River Delta area than that in the non-Pearl River Delta area(0.27% vs 0.17%, 0.20% vs 0.12%, all P<0.05). The rate of false result of personal dose monitoring in the tertiary hospitals was lower than that in the non-tertiary hospitals(0.18% vs 0.30%, P<0.05). The main reason for the true results of personal dose monitoring was the increase of workload(43.48%), and the main reason for the false results was that the dosimeter was left in the workplace(57.73%). CONCLUSION: The rate of abnormal results of personal dose monitoring in the medical radiation workers is high. Radiological protection should be strengthened with emphasis on medical radiation workers in interventional radiology, Pearl River Delta area hospitals and non-tertiary hospitals.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877622

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the curative effect on diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-D) between acupuncture for regulating @*METHODS@#A total of 231 patients with IBS-D were randomized into an acupuncture group (154 cases) and a western medication group (77 cases) at the ratio of 2 to 1. In the acupuncture group, acupuncture was applied to acupoint regimen for regulating @*RESULTS@#After treatment and in follow-up, the total scores of IBS-SSS in the patients of the two groups were all reduced as compared with those before treatment (@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture for regulating


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Diarrhea/therapy , Humans , Irritable Bowel Syndrome/therapy , Quality of Life , Serotonin Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins/genetics , Spleen , Treatment Outcome
5.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1892-1895, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907086

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore effect of intensive intervention for improving the referral rate of children with visual refractive disorders, and to provide a reference for myopia prevention and control of children and adolescents.@*Methods@#A total of 4 464 preschool children were selected from Zhuanqiao county, Minghang district in Shanghai for the eyesight investigation during April to June in 2019. Stratified random cluster sampling method was used to divide 1 724 children into intervention group and (896) control group (828) depending on the type of kindergartens. The intervention group was provied with an intensive intervention, including children s vision health assessment, parental self management guidance for children s eye care, and community based eye care services, while the control group carried out routine intervention measures.@*Results@#In 2019, the incidence of visual and primary refractive screen abnormalities in preschoolers of Zhuanqiao community was 38.62%. The incidence of naked eye vision abnormalities was 4.40%, the incidence of myopia risk group, hyperopia risk group and astigmatism risk group was 37.10%, 2.20%, and 6.10 %, respectively. After the intervention, the referral rate of the intervention group (68.75%) was significantly higher than that of the control group (17.15%)( χ 2=465.09, P <0.01). The differences between two groups were statistically significant in choosing the hospital for treatment ( χ 2=10.01, 51.51, 15.40, 27.79, 19.96, 24.24, P <0.01).@*Conclusion@#The vision and refractive status of preschoolers worths further attention. Intensive intervention can improve the referral rate for children with screened vision abnormalities, which facilitates the prevention and early diagnosis of vision problems among preschoolers.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906013

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the role of formyl peptide receptor 2 (FPR2) in the inhibitory effects of Buyang Huanwutang (BYHWT) on the oxidative stress and its protective effects on cerebral ischemia-reperfusion in rats. Method:Forty-eight male SD rats were randomly divided into sham group, model group, BYHWT group and BYHWT combined with FPR2 inhibitor (Boc-2) group. In the sham group, only the vessels were isolated. In other groups, the middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) model was constructed using the modified Longa method and reperfused after 2 h of ischemia. BYHWT (16 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) was given by gavaged twice daily after reperfusion in BYHWT group and BYHWT+Boc-2 group. Boc-2 (0.4 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>) was injected intraperitoneally 30 min before surgery. Equal volume of saline were given instead in sham and model group. After 24 h of reperfusion, Fluoro-Jade C (FJC) staining was performed to observe the changes in the number of FJC-positive cells. Western blot was performed to detect the expression of apoptosis-related B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2), Bcl-2 associated X (Bax), and cleaved aspartic acid cysteine proteolytic enzyme-3(Caspase-3). Besides, superoxide dismutase (SOD), malondialdehyde (MDA), glutathione (GSH), and nitric oxide (NO) was measured. The mean fluorescence intensity of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate Ⅱ(NADPH) oxidase 2 (NOX2) was examined by immunofluorescence. Result:Compared with sham group, the model group showed increased number of FJC-positive cells (<italic>P</italic><0.01), decreased Bcl-2 expression (<italic>P</italic><0.01), increased Bax and cleaved Caspase-3 expression (<italic>P</italic><0.01), increased NO and MDA content (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01), decreased GSH and SOD activities (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01), and increased NOX2 expression (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with model group, there were decreased FJC-positive cells (<italic>P</italic><0.01), up-regulated Bcl-2 expression (<italic>P</italic><0.01) with down-regulated cleaved Caspase-3 and Bax (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01), decreased NO and MDA (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01) with increased GSH and SOD (<italic>P</italic><0.01), and decreased NOX2 expression (<italic>P</italic><0.01) in the BYHWT group. All the above effects were partially blocked by Boc-2. Conclusion:BYHWT can reduce oxidative stress injury and inhibit apoptosis in cerebral ischemia/reperfusion rats, which may be related with the down-regulation of NOX2 expression by FPR2.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904355

ABSTRACT

Hot spring is a kind of precious natural water resource formed under specific geological conditions and obtained by natural gushing or artificial drilling, and is rich in minerals and trace elements peculiar to deep strata. Hot spring bathing is a physical therapy with a long history. An increasing number of studies have shown the positive effects of hot spring bathing in maintaining health and the auxiliary treatment and rehabilitation of chronic diseases. This paper reviews the distribution, classification and application history of hot springs, and further explores the research on the effect of hot springs on the improvement of sub-health status and the adjuvant treatment of chronic diseases such as skin diseases, cardiovascular diseases and joint diseases, so as to provide reference for further understanding of the physiotherapy value of hot spring bathing and boost its role in the development of big health industries.

8.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1318-1324, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888559

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the serological characteristics and molecular biological basis of 8 individuals with Para-Bombay phenotypes in Guangxi area.@*METHODS@#Serological tests were used to identify the blood groups of red cells. Molecular biological methods, including PCR-SSP for ABO genotyping and DNA sequencing for FUT1, were used to detect the genotypes of ABO and FUT1 which determined the expression of H antigen.@*RESULTS@#Eight individuals in the study were all the Para-Bombay phenotypes, including 4 cases of B@*CONCLUSION@#There are varieties of molecular genetic mechanisms for Para-Bombay phenotypes. In this study, the FUT1 mutations that cause Para-Bombay phenotypes in Guangxi area are mainly h3, h


Subject(s)
ABO Blood-Group System/genetics , Alleles , China , Fucosyltransferases/genetics , Genotype , Humans , Mutation , Phenotype
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887970

ABSTRACT

The present study analyzed the current Chinese medicinal health products and Chinese patent medicines effective in boosting memory,aiming at providing references for the formulation and development of memory-boosting health products. The information on memory-boosting health products published by the Department of Special Food Safety Supervision and Management,the State Administration for Market Regulation( SAMR) was collected and the Chinese patent medicines on DRUGDATAEXPY were searched. Microsoft Excel and the TCMISS were used to statistically analyze the characteristics of formulations. A total of 212 memory-boosting health products were obtained from SAMR,including 83 ones containing Chinese medicinal materials. Twelve Chinese herbal medicines showed a usage frequency ≥ 8,with 151 times in use. In DRUGDATAEXPY,258 similar Chinese patent medicines were collected.Twelve Chinese herbal medicines showed a usage frequency ≥ 58,with 907 times in use. Through unsupervised hierarchical entropybased clustering of the above-mentioned Chinese medicinal health products and Chinese patent medicines separately,5 and 12 new formulas were obtained. The selection of Chinese herbal medicines for the new formulas was consistent with the principles of traditional Chinese medicine( TCM) theories,i. e.,tonifying kidney and marrow,benefiting Qi,nourishing Yin,resolving phlegm,and eliminating stasis. According to TCM theories,syndrome differentiation of the users was conducted,and the formulas were designed following the correspondence of syndromes with formulas and Chinese herbal medicines. This study is expected to provide new ideas and methods for the development of Chinese medicinal health products and accurately guide practical applications to exert the advantages of TCM in health care based on syndrome differentiation and improve the effect of Chinese medicinal health products.


Subject(s)
China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Nonprescription Drugs , Syndrome
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887494

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the bidirectional regulation of acupuncture based on a subgroup analysis of multicenter randomized controlled trial of acupuncture with @*METHODS@#A total of 519 patients were included in the analysis, including 137 patients with constipation type irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-C) (92 cases in the acupuncture group and 45 cases in the polyethylene glycol [PEG] group), and 382 patients with diarrhea type irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-D) (252 cases in the acupuncture group and 130 cases in the pinaverium group). The patients in the acupuncture group were given acupuncture at Baihui (GV 20), Yintang (GV 29), Tianshu (ST 25), Shangjuxu (ST 37), Zusanli (ST 36), Sanyinjiao (SP 6) and Taichong (LR 3) once every other day, 3 times a week. The patients in the PEG group received polyethylene glycol 4000 powder orally, and the pinaverium group received pinaverium bromide tablets orally. All were treated for 6 weeks. The IBS symptom severity score (IBS-SSS) was assessed at baseline, treatment period (2, 4, 6 weeks of treatment) and 12 weeks of follow-up, and the IBS quality of life (IBS-QOL) score was evaluated at the baseline period, 6 weeks of treatment and 12 weeks of follow-up.@*RESULTS@#The total IBS-SSS scores of the two groups of IBS-C patients at 2, 4, 6 weeks of treatment and follow-up of 12 weeks were lower than those in the baseline period (@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture with


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Diarrhea , Humans , Irritable Bowel Syndrome/therapy , Quality of Life , Treatment Outcome
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921743

ABSTRACT

Scutellariae Radix is a commonly used Chinese medicinal first recorded in the Shennong's Classic of Materia Medica. In the ancient books of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM), Scutellariae Radix is used in two specifications, solid one(Ziqin) and hollow one(Kuqin). In the current rules and regulations of Chinese medicine, Scutellariae Radix is used without the specific requirements for the specifications applied. To clarify the evolution of Scutellariae Radix specifications and analyze the current specifications of Scutellariae Radix pieces, the present study reviews the Scutellariae Radix from ancient literature, modern rules and regulations, and differences between Ziqin and Kuqin in composition, efficacy, and transformation mechanism. According to the research on ancient books, Kuqin is effective in clearing the fire of the upper energizer, and Ziqin in purging the heat of the lower energizer. Modern studies have revealed that Kuqin and Ziqin are significantly different in chemical components, and Ziqin and Kuqin target the colon and lung, respectively, which are consistent with the relevant records in ancient books. The review study suggests that the two specifications of Scutellariae Radix are reasonable since they can facilitate the precise treatment of Scutellariae Radix.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Literature, Modern , Materia Medica , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Scutellaria baicalensis
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879115

ABSTRACT

Aspalathus linearis is a needle-shaped shrub that grows in the Cedarberg mountains in southern South Africa, with an extremely high medicinal value. In 2014, China has approved A. linearis as a new food material. Through retrieval in CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, Web of Science, PubMed and Scopus databases, the literatures were excluded, classified and summarized.On the basis of Chinese medicine theory, the traditional Chinese medicine properties were deducted. Finally, 264 relevant li-teratures were included and classified into 6 categories: review, planting, chemical composition, clinical study, pharmacological effects and safety. The traditional Chinese medicinal properties were deducted as sweet flavor and neutral property. It enters kidney, spleen, heart and liver channels. The major functions are to tonify the kidney and benefit the essence, nourish Qi and spleen, nourish Yin and prompt the production of body fluid, tranquilize mind, and relieve pain. It can be used for soreness of the waist and fatigue, sexual disinterest, limbs heaviness, thirst due to insufficiency of fluid and internal heat, irritability and insomnia, forget fulness, stomachache, joint pain, dysmenorrhea, headache. Preparation for external use can treat eczema itching. Water decoction(2-15 g) can also be used as tea directly. This paper defined the traditional Chinese medicine properties of A. linearis, so as to provide the theoretical basis for further clinical application.


Subject(s)
Aspalathus , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Female , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879113

ABSTRACT

Based on the research literatures of Passiflora incarnata and the theory of traditional Chinese medicine, the paper discussed the traditional Chinese medicinal properties of P. incarnate, so as to provide a theoretical basis for the compatibility and application of P. incarnata. The literature databases of CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, Web of Science, PubMed and Scopus were selected, and the literatures relating to P. incarnata were reviewed to screen out the scientific research literatures with a high credibility, rational design and reliable conclusions. Foreign pharmacopoeia was consulted, and the listed products were summarized. The traditional Chinese medicine properties of P. incarnata were studied based on 32 clinical trials, 66 pharmacological researches, 64 chemical constituents researches as well as the theory of traditional Chinese medicine. It was preliminarily concluded that the medicinal properties of P. incarnata are sweet, cool, and enter heart, liver channels. The function is mainly to calm the heart and tranquilizing the mind, and calm the liver wind. It is used for hyperactivity of liver-Yang, stagnation of liver-Qi, restlessness of mind, depression, nervousness, insomnia. This paper summarized the source, characteristics of natures, tastes and channel tropism, usage and dosage, function indications of P. incarnata, and defined its clear traditional Chinese medicine property, which lays a theoretical foundation for the compatibility and clinical application of P. incarnata and Chinese medicine.


Subject(s)
Anti-Anxiety Agents , Anxiety , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Passiflora , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders/drug therapy
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879112

ABSTRACT

Myrtus communis is a traditional medicinal aromatic plant in the Mediterranean. At present, the plant has been introduced and cultivated in the southern part of China, and it is mostly used for ornamental or cosmetic purposes. Based on literature analysis and the theory of Chinese medicine, we discussed the medicinal parts and properties of M. communis in this paper to provide a theoretical basis for exploring the medicinal value of M. communis and its compatibility with traditional Chinese medicines. Literatures were searched from Web of Science(core collection), PubMed, CNKI, VIP and Wanfang by using the set conditions as key words. Then the obtained literatures were screened and classified. Finally, a total of 376 articles were included, consisting of 44 reviews, 54 germplasm resources, 78 chemical researches, 48 studies on application, extraction, or quality, 18 human trials, 132 pharmacological studies, and 2 safety studies. Based on literature analysis and theories of Chinese medicine, the leaves of M. communis were finally selected as the medicinal part of Chinese medicine, and the traditional Chinese medicine properties of M. communis leaves were deduced as pungent, bitter, and cool. The channel tropisms of M. communis leaves included lung, liver, and large intestine, with functions of detoxifying, resolving a mass, and insecticide. It was used for mouth sores, vaginal itching, hemorrhoids and warts, etc.; appropriate amount shall be applied for external use, and the decoction form shall be used for washing the affected parts; 3-12 g equivalent product shall be used in decoction, and this herb shall be put into the decoction in a later stage. The clarification of the medicinal parts of M. communis, and the determination of the Chinese medicine properties of M. communis leaves would lay a theoretical foundation for its compatibility and application with Chinese medicines, and can do more contribution to the medical and healthcare industry in our country.


Subject(s)
China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Myrtus , Plant Leaves , Plants, Medicinal
15.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 478-483, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884444

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the safety and feasibility of endovascular recanalization for non-acute internal carotid artery occlusion (NA-ICAO), and to propose a new angiographic classification.Methods:From April 2015 to October 2019, 95 consecutive patients with symptomatic NA-ICAO who received endovascular recanalization were retrospectively analyzed in Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University. All the patients were divided into four groups according to DSA: type Ⅰ, petrous segments were distally reconstituted by collateral vessels; type Ⅱ, cavernous segments were distally reconstituted by collateral vessels; type Ⅲ, ophthalmic segments were distally reconstituted by collateral vessels; type Ⅳ, communicating segments were distally reconstituted by collateral vessels. Study data including clinical characteristics, surgical details, lesion classification, recanalization rate and perioperative complications. For the counting data, the χ 2 test was used to compare between groups. For the quantitative data, the ANOVA was used for the normal distribution data, otherwise the Kruskal-Wallis H test was used. The primary safety outcome was any stroke or death within 30 days. Results:Among the 95 patients, 67 (70.53%) had successful recanalization. The recanalization rates of type Ⅰ-Ⅳ were 92.31% (36/39), 81.82% (18/22), 47.83% (11/23) and 18.18% (2/11) respectively (χ2=29.557, P<0.001). And the complication rates of the four types were 5.13% (2/39), 13.64% (3/22), 21.74% (5/23) and 9.10% (1/11) respectively. The incidence of perioperative ischemic stroke was 2.11% (2/95). No other serious stroke and death occurred. Conclusions:Endovascular recanalization may be feasible and safe for carefully selected patients with NA-ICAO and therefore represents an alternative treatment. The patients with type Ⅰ and Ⅱ lesions had higher recanalization rates, while the patients with type Ⅳ lesions had significantly lower recalculation rate. The new angiographic classification is conducive to the selection of suitable patients and difficulty in grading.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883790

ABSTRACT

Objective:To provide scientific evidence for infection prevention and control by analyzing the risk factors of surgical site infection, which can move forward the gateway of infection prevention and control.Methods:The surgery-related information of patients admitted to the Department of General Surgery and Department of Orthopedics, People's Hospital of Guangnan Hospital of Yunnan province from November 2016 to August 2019 was retrospectively analyzed. According to whether postoperative surgical site infection occurred, the patients were divided into an infection group and a non-infection group. Logistic regression model was used to analyze the risk factors of surgical site infection.Results:A total of 9 346 patients, consisting of 117 patients in the infection group and 9 229 patients in the non-infection group, were included for final analysis. In the infection group, the incidence of surgical site infection was 1.25%. Multivariate analysis showed that hypoproteinemia ( OR = 2.585), unclean incision ( OR = 3.243 and 5.125), and operation duration more than 3 hours ( OR = 2.315), blood transfusion ( OR = 2.239), drainage tube placement ( OR = 2.133) and indwelling catheter placement ( OR = 1.973) were the independent risk factors for surgical site infection, while prophylactic use of antibiotics was a protective factor ( OR = 0.383). Conclusion:Individual factors, operation-related factors, and treatment-related factors are closely related to the occurrence of surgical site infection. Much attention should be paid to the clinical issues like preoperative hypoproteinemia, perioperative prophylactic use of antibiotics and postoperative drainage tube and indwelling catheter placement.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911248

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of sirtuin 3 (SIRT3) overexpression on hypoxia-reoxygenation (H/R) injury to hippocampal neurons of mice exposed to high glucose and its relationship with SOD2.Methods:The normally cultured HT22 neurons at the logarithmic phase were selected and divided into 3 groups ( n=12 each) using a random number table method: high-glucose normoxia group (HG group), high glucose+ H/R group (HHR group) and high glucose+ H/R+ SIRT3 overexpression group (HHR+ SIRT3 group). To establish high glucose model, the neurons in 3 groups were cultured in high-glucose culture medium (glucose concentration of 50 mmol/L) for 8 h. In HHR and HHR+ SIRT3 groups, the cells were exposed to glucose-free and hypoxia for 6 h and then cultured in the high-glucose normoxic environment for 24 h to establish the high glucose and HR injury model.In HHR+ SIRT3 group, the neurons were transfected with SIRT3 overexpressed lentivirus.The cell viability was recorded by the cell counting kit-8 assay, reactive oxygen species (ROS) content was detected by flow cytometry, mitochondrial malonaldehyde (MDA) content, superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity, catalase (CAT) activity and adenosine triphosphate (ATP) content were determined by colorimetry, mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) was detected by JC-1 probe, and the expression of nuclear respiratory factor 1 (NRF1), mitochondrial transcription factor A (TFAM), SIRT3, SOD2 and acetylated SOD2 (ac-SOD2) was detected by Western blot. Results:Compared with HG group, cell viability, SOD activity, CAT activity, ATP content, MMP, NRF1 and the expression of TFAM and SIRT3 were significantly decreased, and ROS content, MDA content and ac-SOD2/SOD2 ratio were increased in group HHR and group HHR+ SIRT3 ( P<0.05). Compared with HHR group, cell viability, SOD activity, CAT activity, ATP content, MMP, NRF1 and the expression of TFAM and SIRT3 were significantly increased, and ROS content, MDA content and ac-SOD2 /SOD2 ratio were decreased in HHR+ SIRT3 group ( P<0.05). Conclusion:SIRT3 overexpression can alleviate hypoxia-reoxygenation (H/R) injury to hippocampal neurons of mice incubated in high glucose medium, and the mechanism is related to activation of SOD2 deacetylation.

18.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 3553-3566, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922424

ABSTRACT

Rescuing cells from stress damage emerges a potential therapeutic strategy to combat myocardial infarction. Protocatechuic aldehyde (PCA) is a major phenolic acid in Chinese herb Danshen (

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942012

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the changes of extracellular space (ECS) structure and local drug distribution in adult brain and aged brain at different drug delivery rates in minimally invasive treatment of encephalopathy by convection enhanced delivery (CED) via ECS pathway.@*METHODS@#Thirty-six SD male rats were divided into adult rats group (2-8 months, n=18) and aged rats group (18-24 months, n=18) according to the age of the month. According to the drug rates (0.1 μL/min, 0.2 μL/min, and 0.3 μL/min), they were randomly divided into 3 subgroups, 6 in each subgroup. Gadolinium-diethylene triamine pentaacetic acid (Gd-DTPA) with a concentration of 10 mmol/L were introduced into the caudate nucleus of each group of rats by stereotactic injection. Tracer-based magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was used to dynamically monitor the diffusion and distribution images of the Gd-DTPA in the brain interstitial system (ISS). Using the self-developed MRI image measurement and analysis system software to process and analyze the obtained images, the diffusion coefficient, clearance rate, volume fraction, and half-life of each group of rats in the caudate nucleus ECS could be acquired. The effects and differences of drug clearance and ECS structural function in the brain of aged rats and adult rats were compared and analyzed at different drug delivery rates. Magnetic tracer DECS-mapping technique was used to observe the distribution and drainage of tracer in caudate nucleus.@*RESULTS@#At the injection rate of 0.1 μL/min, the volume fraction in the aged rats was increased compared with that in the adult rats (18.20%±0.04% vs. 17.20%±0.03%, t=3.752, P=0.004), and the degree of tortuosity was decreased (1.63±0.04 vs. 1.78±0.09, t=-3.680, P=0.004), the drug clearance rate was decreased [(1.94±0.68) mm2/s vs. (3.25±0.43) mm2/s, t=-3.971, P=0.003], and the molecular diffusion in ECS was increased [(3.99±0.21)×10-4 mm2/s vs. (3.36±0.37)×10-4 mm2/s, t=3.663, P=0.004]. When the rate of injection increased to 0.2 μL/min, the drug clearance in ECS of the aged rats was slowed down [(2.53±0.45) mmol/L vs. (3.37±0.72) mmol/L, t=-1.828, P=0.021]. However, there were no significant differences in volume fraction, molecular diffusion in ECS and macroscopic drug metabolism parameters. When the rate of injection increased to 0.3 μL/min, the volume fraction in the aged rats was decreased (17.20%±0.03% vs. 18.20%±0.05%, t=-0.869, P=0.045), and the drug clearance rate in ECS was significantly accelerated [(4.04±0.76) mmol/L vs. (3.26±0.55) mmol/L, t=1.786, P=0.014], and there was no significant difference in tortuosity and the rate of molecular diffusion in the ECS.@*CONCLUSION@#The drug clearance and ECS structural parameters of brain ECS in aged brain with CED administration were changed at different rates, and it has the least effect on ECS in the aged brain at the injection rate of 0.2 μL/min. For the application of CED for the treatment of encephalopathy, we should consider the influence of factors such as age and injection rate, and provide reference for the development of individualized clinical treatment plan for minimally invasive treatment of encephalopathy via ECS pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Brain , Convection , Extracellular Space , Gadolinium DTPA , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873268

ABSTRACT

The safety of traditional Chinese medicine is affected by many factors, and the influence of exogenous harmful substances has been concerned and become a hot spot in recent years, especially heavy metals, pesticide residues and some other harmful substances. In order to explore the effects of non-soil and non-pesticide treatment on residues of these two harmful substances, the heavy metals and agricultural residues of Lilii Bulbus were detected, and the correlation of the data was analyzed. In this experiment, heavy metals and pesticide residues of Scrophulariae Radix were detected, and correlation analysis was conducted for their data. The mechanism of transport phase was interpreted with statistical moment similarity tool of total fingerprint by supramolecular chemistry theory. A large number of experimental data in this paper showed that heavy metals and pesticide contents in Lilii Bulbus basaltifolia had a positive correlation, which was closely related to supramolecular phenomena. Moreover, the similarity of fingerprints between Lilii Bulbus and Scrophulariae Radix suggested that Lilii Bulbus and Scrophulariae Radixa had a high selectivity in absorption of agricultural residues, which proved that the absorption of pesticides in Lilii Bulbus and Scrophulariae Radix from different habitats had the function of supramolecular imprinting template. It was considered that medicinal plant was a giant complex supramolecule with various levels of " imprinted template" . Heavy metals and agricultural residues were also involved in plant growth, forming an " imprinted template" for the formation of supramolecules between agricultural residues and heavy metals. After heavy metals and agricultural residues formed supramolecules, their liposolubility and permeability changed in varying degrees, and their transport in medicinal plants was promoted. Finally, the heavy metal supramolecules of pesticides were absorbed, distributed, aggregated and accumulated in plants. The purpose of the study was to reveal the mechanism of heavy metal and pesticide supramolecule transport, provide a new direction for the treatment of heavy metals and pesticide residues, and ensure the safety of traditional Chinese medicine.

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