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1.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 478-483, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884444

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the safety and feasibility of endovascular recanalization for non-acute internal carotid artery occlusion (NA-ICAO), and to propose a new angiographic classification.Methods:From April 2015 to October 2019, 95 consecutive patients with symptomatic NA-ICAO who received endovascular recanalization were retrospectively analyzed in Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University. All the patients were divided into four groups according to DSA: type Ⅰ, petrous segments were distally reconstituted by collateral vessels; type Ⅱ, cavernous segments were distally reconstituted by collateral vessels; type Ⅲ, ophthalmic segments were distally reconstituted by collateral vessels; type Ⅳ, communicating segments were distally reconstituted by collateral vessels. Study data including clinical characteristics, surgical details, lesion classification, recanalization rate and perioperative complications. For the counting data, the χ 2 test was used to compare between groups. For the quantitative data, the ANOVA was used for the normal distribution data, otherwise the Kruskal-Wallis H test was used. The primary safety outcome was any stroke or death within 30 days. Results:Among the 95 patients, 67 (70.53%) had successful recanalization. The recanalization rates of type Ⅰ-Ⅳ were 92.31% (36/39), 81.82% (18/22), 47.83% (11/23) and 18.18% (2/11) respectively (χ2=29.557, P<0.001). And the complication rates of the four types were 5.13% (2/39), 13.64% (3/22), 21.74% (5/23) and 9.10% (1/11) respectively. The incidence of perioperative ischemic stroke was 2.11% (2/95). No other serious stroke and death occurred. Conclusions:Endovascular recanalization may be feasible and safe for carefully selected patients with NA-ICAO and therefore represents an alternative treatment. The patients with type Ⅰ and Ⅱ lesions had higher recanalization rates, while the patients with type Ⅳ lesions had significantly lower recalculation rate. The new angiographic classification is conducive to the selection of suitable patients and difficulty in grading.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883790

ABSTRACT

Objective:To provide scientific evidence for infection prevention and control by analyzing the risk factors of surgical site infection, which can move forward the gateway of infection prevention and control.Methods:The surgery-related information of patients admitted to the Department of General Surgery and Department of Orthopedics, People's Hospital of Guangnan Hospital of Yunnan province from November 2016 to August 2019 was retrospectively analyzed. According to whether postoperative surgical site infection occurred, the patients were divided into an infection group and a non-infection group. Logistic regression model was used to analyze the risk factors of surgical site infection.Results:A total of 9 346 patients, consisting of 117 patients in the infection group and 9 229 patients in the non-infection group, were included for final analysis. In the infection group, the incidence of surgical site infection was 1.25%. Multivariate analysis showed that hypoproteinemia ( OR = 2.585), unclean incision ( OR = 3.243 and 5.125), and operation duration more than 3 hours ( OR = 2.315), blood transfusion ( OR = 2.239), drainage tube placement ( OR = 2.133) and indwelling catheter placement ( OR = 1.973) were the independent risk factors for surgical site infection, while prophylactic use of antibiotics was a protective factor ( OR = 0.383). Conclusion:Individual factors, operation-related factors, and treatment-related factors are closely related to the occurrence of surgical site infection. Much attention should be paid to the clinical issues like preoperative hypoproteinemia, perioperative prophylactic use of antibiotics and postoperative drainage tube and indwelling catheter placement.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879115

ABSTRACT

Aspalathus linearis is a needle-shaped shrub that grows in the Cedarberg mountains in southern South Africa, with an extremely high medicinal value. In 2014, China has approved A. linearis as a new food material. Through retrieval in CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, Web of Science, PubMed and Scopus databases, the literatures were excluded, classified and summarized.On the basis of Chinese medicine theory, the traditional Chinese medicine properties were deducted. Finally, 264 relevant li-teratures were included and classified into 6 categories: review, planting, chemical composition, clinical study, pharmacological effects and safety. The traditional Chinese medicinal properties were deducted as sweet flavor and neutral property. It enters kidney, spleen, heart and liver channels. The major functions are to tonify the kidney and benefit the essence, nourish Qi and spleen, nourish Yin and prompt the production of body fluid, tranquilize mind, and relieve pain. It can be used for soreness of the waist and fatigue, sexual disinterest, limbs heaviness, thirst due to insufficiency of fluid and internal heat, irritability and insomnia, forget fulness, stomachache, joint pain, dysmenorrhea, headache. Preparation for external use can treat eczema itching. Water decoction(2-15 g) can also be used as tea directly. This paper defined the traditional Chinese medicine properties of A. linearis, so as to provide the theoretical basis for further clinical application.


Subject(s)
Aspalathus , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Female , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879113

ABSTRACT

Based on the research literatures of Passiflora incarnata and the theory of traditional Chinese medicine, the paper discussed the traditional Chinese medicinal properties of P. incarnate, so as to provide a theoretical basis for the compatibility and application of P. incarnata. The literature databases of CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, Web of Science, PubMed and Scopus were selected, and the literatures relating to P. incarnata were reviewed to screen out the scientific research literatures with a high credibility, rational design and reliable conclusions. Foreign pharmacopoeia was consulted, and the listed products were summarized. The traditional Chinese medicine properties of P. incarnata were studied based on 32 clinical trials, 66 pharmacological researches, 64 chemical constituents researches as well as the theory of traditional Chinese medicine. It was preliminarily concluded that the medicinal properties of P. incarnata are sweet, cool, and enter heart, liver channels. The function is mainly to calm the heart and tranquilizing the mind, and calm the liver wind. It is used for hyperactivity of liver-Yang, stagnation of liver-Qi, restlessness of mind, depression, nervousness, insomnia. This paper summarized the source, characteristics of natures, tastes and channel tropism, usage and dosage, function indications of P. incarnata, and defined its clear traditional Chinese medicine property, which lays a theoretical foundation for the compatibility and clinical application of P. incarnata and Chinese medicine.


Subject(s)
Anti-Anxiety Agents , Anxiety , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Passiflora , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders/drug therapy
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879112

ABSTRACT

Myrtus communis is a traditional medicinal aromatic plant in the Mediterranean. At present, the plant has been introduced and cultivated in the southern part of China, and it is mostly used for ornamental or cosmetic purposes. Based on literature analysis and the theory of Chinese medicine, we discussed the medicinal parts and properties of M. communis in this paper to provide a theoretical basis for exploring the medicinal value of M. communis and its compatibility with traditional Chinese medicines. Literatures were searched from Web of Science(core collection), PubMed, CNKI, VIP and Wanfang by using the set conditions as key words. Then the obtained literatures were screened and classified. Finally, a total of 376 articles were included, consisting of 44 reviews, 54 germplasm resources, 78 chemical researches, 48 studies on application, extraction, or quality, 18 human trials, 132 pharmacological studies, and 2 safety studies. Based on literature analysis and theories of Chinese medicine, the leaves of M. communis were finally selected as the medicinal part of Chinese medicine, and the traditional Chinese medicine properties of M. communis leaves were deduced as pungent, bitter, and cool. The channel tropisms of M. communis leaves included lung, liver, and large intestine, with functions of detoxifying, resolving a mass, and insecticide. It was used for mouth sores, vaginal itching, hemorrhoids and warts, etc.; appropriate amount shall be applied for external use, and the decoction form shall be used for washing the affected parts; 3-12 g equivalent product shall be used in decoction, and this herb shall be put into the decoction in a later stage. The clarification of the medicinal parts of M. communis, and the determination of the Chinese medicine properties of M. communis leaves would lay a theoretical foundation for its compatibility and application with Chinese medicines, and can do more contribution to the medical and healthcare industry in our country.


Subject(s)
China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Myrtus , Plant Leaves , Plants, Medicinal
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877622

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the curative effect on diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-D) between acupuncture for regulating @*METHODS@#A total of 231 patients with IBS-D were randomized into an acupuncture group (154 cases) and a western medication group (77 cases) at the ratio of 2 to 1. In the acupuncture group, acupuncture was applied to acupoint regimen for regulating @*RESULTS@#After treatment and in follow-up, the total scores of IBS-SSS in the patients of the two groups were all reduced as compared with those before treatment (@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture for regulating


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Diarrhea/therapy , Humans , Irritable Bowel Syndrome/therapy , Quality of Life , Serotonin Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins/genetics , Spleen , Treatment Outcome
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879785

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the safety and efficacy of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-compatible incubator in cranial MRI examination for neonates.@*METHODS@#A total of 120 neonates who were hospitalized in three hospitals and needed to undergo MRI examination were randomly divided into a control group and an experimental group, with 60 neonates in each group. The neonates in the experimental group were transferred with MRI-compatible incubator and underwent cranial MRI examination inside the MRI-compatible incubator, and those in the control group were transferred using a conventional neonatal transfer incubator and then underwent MRI examination outside the incubator. The two groups were compared in terms of the primary efficacy index (total examination time), secondary efficacy indices (times of examination, MRI completion rate on the first day of use), and safety indices (incidence rate of adverse events and vital signs).@*RESULTS@#There were no significant differences in total examination time, times of examination, and MRI completion rate on the first day of use between the two groups (@*CONCLUSIONS@#The use of MRI-compatible incubator does not significantly shorten the examination time of cranial MRI, but it does provide a relatively stable environment for examination with acceptable safety. There is a need for further studies with a larger population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Incubators, Infant , Infant, Newborn , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/instrumentation , Prospective Studies , Skull/diagnostic imaging
8.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 441-448, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827043

ABSTRACT

The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of chemokine CCL2 in angiogenesis of primary adult rat cardiac microvascular endothelial cells (CMEC). The rat CMECs were isolated and identified through morphology examination and immunostaining with CD31 and factor VIII antibodies. The angiogenesis of CMEC on Matrigel was evaluated at different time points. The expression and secretion of CCL2 during the process of angiogenesis was detected by real-time RT-PCR and ELISA, respectively. The results showed that, the primary rat CMEC was isolated successfully, and the angiogenesis of CMEC was significantly induced after Matrigel treatment for 4 h. The expression of CCL2 and CCR2 were increased during angiogenesis, and the secretion of CCL2 was detected after 2 h of angiogenesis and reached the peak concentration of 1 588.1 pg/mL after 4 h. Either CCL2 blocking antibody or CCR2 antagonist significantly reduced the angiogenesis of CMEC. These results suggest that CCL2 is secreted during the process of angiogenesis of CMEC, and CCL2/CCR2 signaling pathway may play an important role in promoting angiogenesis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Chemokine CCL2 , Endothelial Cells , Endothelium, Vascular , Heart , Neovascularization, Pathologic , Rats , Signal Transduction
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873268

ABSTRACT

The safety of traditional Chinese medicine is affected by many factors, and the influence of exogenous harmful substances has been concerned and become a hot spot in recent years, especially heavy metals, pesticide residues and some other harmful substances. In order to explore the effects of non-soil and non-pesticide treatment on residues of these two harmful substances, the heavy metals and agricultural residues of Lilii Bulbus were detected, and the correlation of the data was analyzed. In this experiment, heavy metals and pesticide residues of Scrophulariae Radix were detected, and correlation analysis was conducted for their data. The mechanism of transport phase was interpreted with statistical moment similarity tool of total fingerprint by supramolecular chemistry theory. A large number of experimental data in this paper showed that heavy metals and pesticide contents in Lilii Bulbus basaltifolia had a positive correlation, which was closely related to supramolecular phenomena. Moreover, the similarity of fingerprints between Lilii Bulbus and Scrophulariae Radix suggested that Lilii Bulbus and Scrophulariae Radixa had a high selectivity in absorption of agricultural residues, which proved that the absorption of pesticides in Lilii Bulbus and Scrophulariae Radix from different habitats had the function of supramolecular imprinting template. It was considered that medicinal plant was a giant complex supramolecule with various levels of " imprinted template" . Heavy metals and agricultural residues were also involved in plant growth, forming an " imprinted template" for the formation of supramolecules between agricultural residues and heavy metals. After heavy metals and agricultural residues formed supramolecules, their liposolubility and permeability changed in varying degrees, and their transport in medicinal plants was promoted. Finally, the heavy metal supramolecules of pesticides were absorbed, distributed, aggregated and accumulated in plants. The purpose of the study was to reveal the mechanism of heavy metal and pesticide supramolecule transport, provide a new direction for the treatment of heavy metals and pesticide residues, and ensure the safety of traditional Chinese medicine.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869969

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the role of hippocampal histone deacetylases (HDACs) in perioperative neurocognitive disorders (PND) and the relationship with postsynaptic dense protein 95 (PSD95) in rats.Methods:Sixty clean-grade healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats, aged 10-14 weeks, weighing 250-280 g, were divided into 3 groups ( n=20 each) using a random number table method: control group (group C), surgery group (group S) and HDAC inhibitor MS-275 group (group MS-275). Exploratory laparotomy was performed under 3% sevoflurane anesthesia in group S. MS-275 10 mg/kg was intraperitoneally injected at 0.5 h before exploratory laparotomy in group MS-275.Morris water maze tests were performed on 1 day before surgery and 1, 3 and 7 days after surgery.Ten rats were sacrificed on 1 day after surgery, and hippocampal tissues were obtained for determination of the expression of HDAC1-3 and PSD95 protein and mRNA by Western blot and real-time polymerase chain reaction, respectively.The density of hippocampal neurons was determined by the Nissl staining. Results:Compared with group C, the postoperative escape latency was significantly prolonged, the number of crossing the original platform was decreased, the density of hippocampal neurons was decreased, the expression of HDAC2 protein and mRNA was up-regulated, and the expression of PSD95 protein and mRNA was down-regulated in group S ( P<0.05 or 0.01). Compared with group S, the postoperative escape latency was significantly shortened, the number of crossing the original platform was increased, the density of hippocampal neurons was increased, the expression of HDAC2 protein and mRNA was down-regulated, and the expression of PSD95 protein and mRNA was up-regulated in group MS-275 ( P<0.05 or 0.01). There was no significant difference in the expression of HDAC1 and HDAC3 protein and mRNA among the three groups ( P>0.05). Conclusion:HDAC2 is involved in the pathophysiological mechanism of PND by down-regulating the expression of PSD95 in rats.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869829

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the role of B/glycogen synthase kinase-3β (Akt/GSK-3β) signaling pathway in interleukin-4 (IL-4)-induced reduction of cerebral ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury in mice and the relationship with autophagy.Methods:Forty clean-grade healthy male Balb/c mice, aged 10-12 weeks, weighing 20-25 g, were divided into 4 groups ( n=10 each) using a random number table method: sham operation group (group S), cerebral I/R group (group IR), IR plus IL-4 group, and IR plus IL-4 plus Akt inhibitor LY294002 group (IR+ IL-4+ LY group). Cerebral I/R was induced by 60 min middle cerebral artery occlusion followed by 24 reperfusion in anesthetized mice.IL-4 compound solution 0.2 ml was intraperitoneally given at 30 min before establishing the model in group IL-4.IL-4 compound solution 0.2 ml was intraperitoneally given at 30 min before establishing the model, and LY294002 15 nmol/kg was simultaneously injected via the tail vein in group IR+ IL-4+ LY.Neurological function was assessed and scored at 24 h of reperfusion, and then animals were sacrificed and brains removed for determination of cerebral infarct size (by TTC assay), cell apoptosis, autophagosome count (with transmission electron microscope), levels of superoxide dismutase (SOD), malondialdehyde (MDA) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) (using colorimetric assay), phosphorylation of Akt and GSK-3β, expression of LC3 and Beclin-1 (by Western blot). The apoptosis index and LC3Ⅱ/LC3Ⅰ ratio were calculated. Results:Compared with Sham group, the neurological scores, cerebral infarct size and apoptosis index were significantly increased, the SOD activity in brain tissues was decreased, levels of MDA and ROS were increased, phosphorylation of Akt and GSK-3β was decreased, and LC3Ⅱ/LC3Ⅰ ratio, Beclin-1 expression and autophagosome count were increased in the other three groups ( P<0.05). Compared with IR group, the neurological scores, cerebral infarct size and apoptosis index were significantly decreased, the SOD activity in brain tissues was increased, levels of MDA and ROS were decreased, phosphorylation of Akt and GSK-3β was increased, and LC3Ⅱ/LC3Ⅰ ratio, Beclin-1 expression and autophagosome count were decreased in IR+ IL-4 group ( P<0.05), and no significant change was found in the parameters mentioned above in IR+ IL-4+ LY group ( P>0.05). Compared with IR+ IL-4 group, the neurological scores, cerebral infarct size and apoptosis index were significantly increased, the SOD activity in brain tissues was decreased, levels of MDA and ROS were increased, phosphorylation of Akt and GSK-3β was decreased, and LC3Ⅱ/LC3Ⅰ ratio, Beclin-1 expression and autophagosome count were increased in IR+ IL-4+ LY group ( P<0.05). Conclusion:IL-4 can inhibit cell autophagy through activating Akt/GSK-3β signaling pathway and thus reduces cerebral I/R injury in mice.

12.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1137-1141, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869543

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the safety and therapeutic effect of bridging therapy versus direct endovascular treatment in patients with acute ischemic stroke(AIS)aged 80 years and over, who received the therapy within 4.5 h of onset.Methods:A total of 89 AIS patients aged 80 years and over receiving the endovascular therapy at our hospital from January 2016 to June 2019 were studied with versus without intravenous thrombolysis before endovascular therapy(the former as bridging therapy group, n=49; the latter as the direct endovascular treatment group, n=40). Baseline information including gender, the modified Rankin scale(mRS)score, medical history, smoking history, preoperative national institute of health stroke scale(NIHSS)score were collected.Clinical data related to the operation including the times from onset to hospital, door-to-puncture and door-to-recanalization, complications(symptomatic cerebral hemorrhage, mortality)and mRS at 90 d after treatment were compared between the two groups.Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to determine whether or not bridging therapy with intravenous thrombolysis was a prognostic factor.Results:There was no significant difference in baseline information between the two groups( P>0.05). The times from onset to hospital, door-to-puncture, door-to-recanalization had no significant difference between the two groups( P>0.05). There was no significant difference in the incidence of symptomatic cerebral hemorrhage and mortality within 90 d between the two groups(26.5% or 13 cases vs. 17.5% or 7 cases, 14.3% or 7 cases vs.7.5% or 3 cases, χ2=1.031 and 1.017, P=0.310 and 0.313). With different clinical outcomes as dependent variables, after adjusting factors such as gender, admission NIHSS and medical history, Logistic regression analysis showed that the bridging therapy with intravenous thrombolysis was not a prognostic factor( OR=0.795, 95% CI: 0.280~2.258, P=0.666). Conclusions:The bridging therapy is as safe and effective as the direct intravascular therapy for AIS patients aged 80 and over within 4.5 hours of onset.The intravenous thrombolysis should be given as soon as possible within time window.

13.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 171-176, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866806

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish a model that can predict weaning failure from ventilation through hemodynamic and fluid balance parameters.Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted. The patients who underwent invasive mechanical ventilation for more than 24 hours and having spontaneous breathing test admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) of Tianjin Third Central Hospital from January 1st, 2017 to December 31st, 2018 were enrolled. The information was collected, which included the baseline data, hemodynamic parameters by pulse indicator continuous cardiac output (PiCCO) monitoring, B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP), urinary output, fluid balance in first 24 hours when patients admitted to ICU, and hemodynamic parameters by PiCCO monitoring, BNP, urinary output, fluid balance, diuretic usage, noradrenalin usage within 24 hours before weaning as well as usage of continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) during mechanical ventilation. According to weaning success or failure, the patients were divided into weaning success group and weaning failure group, and the statistical differences between the two groups were calculated. Variables with statistical significance within 24 hours before weaning were included in the multivariate Logistic regression analysis to establish weaning failure prediction model and find out the possible risk factors of weaning failure.Results:A total of 159 patients were included in this study, which included 138 patients in the weaning success group and 21 patients in the weaning failure group. There were no statistical differences in all hemodynamic parameters by PiCCO monitoring, BNP, urinary output, fluid balance within 24 hours into ICU between two groups. There were statistical differences in BNP ( χ2 = 9.262, P = 0.026), central venous pressure (CVP; χ2 = 7.948, P = 0.047), maximum rate of the increase in pressure (dPmx; χ2 = 10.486, P = 0.015), urinary output ( χ2 = 8.921, P = 0.030), fluid balance ( χ2 = 9.172, P = 0.027) within 24 hours before weaning between two groups. In addition, variable about cardiac index (CI; χ2 = 7.789, P = 0.051) was included into multivariate Logistic regression model to improve the prediction model and enhance the accuracy of model. Finally, variables included in the multivariate Logistic regression model were BNP, CVP, CI, dPmx, urinary output, fluid balance volume, and the accuracy of the weaning failure prediction model was 92.9%, the sensitivity was 100%, and the specificity was 76.8%. When the model was adjusted by variables of age and noradrenalin usage, the accuracy of model to predict failure of weaning was 94.2%, the sensitivity was 100%, the specificity was 81.2%. Conclusion:Weaning failure prediction model based on hemodynamic parameters by PiCCO monitoring and variables about liquid balance has high accuracy and can guide clinical weaning.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866606

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the efficacy and safety of methimazole combined with levothyroxine in the treatment of patients with Graves disease (GD), and provide theoretical basis for clinical practice.Methods:Sixty-eight patients with confirmed GD who admitted to the 903rd Hospital of PLA from January 2013 to January 2018 were selected and divided into control group and observation group by random number table method.The control group was given propylthiouracil combined with levothyroxine.The observation group was treated with methimazole and levothyroxine.The clinical features of hyperthyroidism, changes in hormone levels, and bone metabolism were compared between the two groups before and after treatment.Results:After treatment, the incidence of exophthalmos, goiter and thyrotropin receptor antibody (TRAb) positive rate were significantly reduced in the two groups (the control group changed from 10 cases to 2 cases, and the observation group changed from 10 cases to 0 case), the differences were statistically significant (χ 2=27.1, 16.2, all P<0.05). The differences in TSH, FT 3, and FT 4 before and after treatment were statistically significant [the control group: TSH changed from (0.02±0.02)mU/L to (3.01±0.94)mU/L, FT 3 from (16.92±2.25)pmol/L to (10.29±1.68)pmol/L, FT 4 from (52.61±10.22)pmol/L to (19.82±4.11)pmol/L; the observation group: TSH from (0.02±0.01)mU/L to (1.97±1.27)mU/L, FT 3 from (17.09±2.72)pmol/L to (3.95±0.84)pmol/L, and FT 4 from (53.82±10.11)pmol/L to (12.65±3.31)pmol/L], and the improvement of TSH, FT 3 and FT 4 in the observation group were better than those in the control group ( t=3.24, 9.51, 16.31, all P<0.05). After treatment, the levels of PTH, CT, blood calcium, blood phosphorus were increased [the control group: PTH changed from (38.32±11.41)ng/L to (42.83±14.22)ng/L, CT changed from (8.66±2.22)ng/mL to (8.01±4.55)ng/mL, blood calcium level changed from (2.01±0.12)pmol/L to (2.53±0.20)pmol/L, blood phosphorus level changed from (1.12±0.08)pmol/L to (1.37±0.09)pmol/L; the observation group: PTH changed from (38.31±12.52)ng/L to (46.33±15.03)ng/L, CT changed from (8.45±2.21)ng/mL to (11.49±7.33)ng/mL, the calcium level changed from (2.02±0.98)pmol/L to (2.82±0.87)pmol/L, the blood phosphorus level changed from (1.10±0.07)pmol/L to (1.42±0.16)pmol/L]. The improvement of PTH and CT in the observation group was better than those in the control group ( t=6.51, 7.31, all P<0.05). Conclusion:Methimazole combined with levothyroxine in the treatment of GD has good therapeutic effect on the clinical characteristics of hyperthyroidism, changes in hormone levels, and bone metabolism.The clinical efficacy is reliable and there are few adverse reactions, which deserves clinical reference.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864501

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the clinical nursing experience of oxygenation (ECMO) adjuvant therapy in children with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) caused by severe adenovirus pneumonia.Method:The clinical data of 20 children with severe adenovirus pneumonia complicated with ARDS who received ECMO in our hospital from April 2017 to May 2019, including general conditions, pre-treatment, complications and prognosis, were retrospectively analyzed.Results:The primary disease of 20 patients was severe adenovirus pneumonia, and the average duration of ECMO treatment was [247.50(152.00,296.75)] hours. After treatment, 12 (12/20) patients successfully escaped from ECMO, 11 (11/20) patients died, and 9 (9/20) died. Complications occurred in 17 (17/20) patients with ECMO treatment. After discharge from the hospital for six months to two years, 9 patients with good quality of life, social function, normal mental development, 2 patients with ischemia and hypoxia brain damage, in the hospital or family continued rehabilitation exercise.Conclusions:Children with severe adenovirus pneumonia combined with ARDS are critically ill. When other treatments are ineffective, ECMO treatment can provide cardiopulmonary support for children with reversible cardiopulmonary failure, but the complications are numerous and serious. Prevention and reduction of related complications are the key to the success of ECMO.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863638

ABSTRACT

TCM attaches great importance to the symptoms of patients in the process of diagnosis, treatment and medication. While discussing and describing the etiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis and treatment, TCM makes the symptoms as the minimum unit, summarizes the syndrome group as certain syndrome, and takes the syndrome as the guilding principle based on syndrome differentiation. This is the characteristic of TCM and the embodiment of TCM focusing on the mankind. It is of great significance to establish a quantitative system of "symptom-syndrome type-TCM-prescription evaluation" based on symptoms to guide the treatment and solve the difficulty of "no evidence" so as to promote the inheritance and development of traditional Chinese medicine.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862715

ABSTRACT

Zhenwutang is the classic formula of Wenyang Lishui in " <italic>Treatise on Febrile Diseases</italic>" . It consists of five kinds of medicines, namely Aconiti Lateralis Radix Praeparata, Zingiberis Rhizoma Recens, Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma, Poria, Paeoniae Radix Alba or Paeoniae Radix Rubra. It has been included in the <italic>Catalogue of Ancient Classics</italic> (<italic>The First Batch</italic>) issued by the State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine in 2018.There are two articles in the " <italic>Treatise on Febrile Disease</italic>s" about the syndromes of Zhenwutang. On the basis of Article 82 of the Chapter of Taiyang disease, the Taiyang disease is demonstrated by sweating, but after that the patient still suffers from fever, epigastric throb, dizziness and shiver, this shall be treated with Zhenwutang. According to Article 316 of the chapter of Shaoyin disease, Shaoyin disease lasts for two or three days, until the fourth and fifth days, and is demonstrated by abdominal pain, difficult urination, severe pain in the limbs and diarrhea, the patient have a cough, diuresis, diarrhea and vomit, this shall be treated with Zhenwutang. The original texts discuss the basic pathogenesis is edema syndrome due to Yin and Yang deficiency, with symptoms of unfavorable urination, heavy limbs or edema, pale tongue, white moss and heavy pulse as dialectical points. In terms of the compatibility of prescriptions, usage and dosage, and the interpretation of prescriptions, this paper examines Zhenwutang syndromes in " Treatise on Febrilediseases" , summarizes the material basic research of Zhenwutang, and provides the basis for the quality control of its compound pharmacodynamics. This study summarizes the progress of pharmacological research for Zhenwutang in recent years, finds that Zhenwutang has many efficacies, such as cardiotonic, diuretic, lowering lipid, anti-oxidation, improving renal function and balancing of water and liquid metabolism, lists traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) syndromes treated with Zhenwutang, such as heart palpitations, edema, cough, abdominal pain, sipping, dizziness, and Western medicine diseases, like congestive heart failure, pulmonary heart disease, bronchial asthma, chronic colitis, cirrhosis, ascites, chronic glomerulonephritis, chronic renal failure, benign prostatic hyperplasia and Meniere's syndrome, expounds the principle of Zhenwutang for " treating different diseases with the same therapy" , in order to provide useful reference for the research and development and clinical application of Zhenwutang and more classic prescriptions.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862691

ABSTRACT

<b>Objective::To investigate the mechanism of Buyang Huanwu Tang (BYHWT) in improving synaptic structural plasticity after cerebral ischemia-reperfusion in rats. <b>Method::Middle cerebral artery occlusion and reperfusion model was established. SD rats were randomly divided into sham-operated group, model group, BYHWT group, BYHWT+ Gap26(connexin43 inhibitor)groups. BYHWT was given twice a day(16 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>), Gap26 was intraperitoneally injected once a day since the third day after surgery (25 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>). Brain was taken out at the 7<sup>th</sup> day. The changes of neuronal synaptic and gap junction ultrastructure were observed by transmission electron microscopy. Synaptophysin (SYN) and growth-associated protein-43 (GAP-43) protein expression were detected by Western blot and immunofluorescence. <b>Result::The structure of synapses was integrated, and the gap junctions were clear in sham-operated group. In the hippocampus of model group, the structure was destroyed, and the gap junctions disappeared. Compared with the sham-operated group, model group up-regulated the expressions of SYN and GAP-43 (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). In the hippocampus of BYHWT group, the structure was close to the normal. Furthermore, BYHWT up-regulated the expressions of SYN and GAP-43 (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). However, after the combined administration with Cx43 inhibitor (Gap26), the damage of synaptic structural decreased, only a small number of gap junctions with the structural integrity can be seen, and the effect of BYHWT on SYN and GAP-43 was inhibited (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). <b>Conclusion::BYHWT could improve the hippocampal synaptic structural plasticity obviously after the CIRI. The mechanism may be related to the increase of the expression of Cx43 and the promotion of the intervention of SYN and GAP-43.

19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827471

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To summarize and elucidate the characteristics and evolvement of Chinese medicine (CM) patterns reflecting the physical and mental conditions of participants in the Mars 500 long-term closed environment.@*METHODS@#The DS01-T Digital TCM Four-Diagnostic Instrument and CM Inquiring Diagnostic Questionnaire were used to collect information from 6 participants in the Mars 500 International Joint Research Project, through diagnostic methods of observation, palpation and inquiry according to CM theory. During the 520 days of the experiment, data collection was performed 37 times; a total of over 400 digital images of tongues and facial complexion and over 20,000 data were collected. These data were then analyzed by a team of experts in CM, statistics, and data mining.@*RESULTS@#The CM pattern evolvement of participants in the long-term closed environment followed some common trends. Qi deficiency was the main CM pattern observed, with individual features depending on constitutional differences [manifested in varying degrees of accompanying patterns of Gan (Liver) qi stagnation, Pi (Spleen) deficiency, dampness encumbering, or yin deficiency].@*CONCLUSION@#The research has verified the effectiveness of CM syndrome differentiation based on the four diagnostic methods, which should serve as a solid foundation for observation, monitoring, and intervention in regard to the health conditions of astronauts in long-term space flights in the future.

20.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 117-121, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818386

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveAnimal model is an important means to study the pathogenesis and drug therapy of diabetic nephropathy. In this paper, the techniques of bioinformatics were used to analyze the common susceptibility genes and pathways in the kidneys of three diabetic nephropathy animal models of BKS db/db, BKS eNOS-/db/db and DBA-STZ3, so as to discover new and important genes and pathways, thus providing new ideas for the study of the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy.MethodsThe GSE33744 dataset was downloaded from the GEO database, and the differential genes of three animal models of diabetic nephropathy were analyzed by Limma package in R language. The genes differentially expressed in all models were obtained by intersection, and were then analyzed by GO, KEGG and PPI networks and screened for key genes and pathways.Results144 genes were differentially expressed in three animal models of diabetic nephropathy. GO analysis showed that these genes were enriched in the cell membrane and extracellular regions; in biological processes such as innate immune response, oxidation-reduction process and immune system process; and in molecular functions such as oxidoreductase activity, carbohydrate binding and heme binding. KEGG analysis indicated that the differential genes were enriched in signaling pathways such as PPAR signaling pathway, arachidonic acid metabolism, butyric acid metabolism and circadian rhythm. PPI network analysis suggested that Cd68, Ccl6, Fcer1g, Tyrobp, Clec4n, Lyz2, Ms4a6d, Ly86, Ctss, Cfp and Mpeg1 may be the key genes in the development of diabetic nephropathy.ConclusionSome genes and signaling pathways are altered in multiple kidneys of the diabetic animal models, suggesting that these genes and pathways play an important role in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy.

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