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1.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 29: e2022_0614, 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1423507

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: The training should be performed according to the characteristics of basketball by establishing a scientific evaluation index system to fully exploit the potential of its players. Objective: Evaluate the index system for measuring physical training specific to basketball players. Methods: The physical training evaluation indexes of athletes were studied by checking the scientific literature and mathematical statistics, and an evaluation index for the physical training of young basketball players was designed and experimented. Results: The highest proportion of the special fitness score in athletic average was 46.25%; the proportion of the players' general fitness score represented 15% above and 13.75% below. The specific fitness level of basketball players is mainly at the average level. Conclusion: The effects of training can be effectively evaluated by the experienced index system, and it is useful for athletes to find deficiencies, make full use of their potential, improve skills and adapt basketball tactics. It may also provide more reserve talent for professional basketball. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment outcomes.


RESUMO Introdução: O treinamento deve ser realizado de acordo com as características do basquetebol estabelecendo um sistema de índice de avaliação científica para explorar plenamente o potencial de seus jogadores. Objetivo: Avaliar o sistema de índices de medição do treinamento físico específico para os jogadores de basquetebol. Métodos: Os índices de avaliação do treinamento físico dos atletas foram estudados verificando a literatura científica e estatísticas matemáticas, um índice de avaliação para o treinamento físico de jovens jogadores de basquetebol foi projetado e experimentado. Resultados: A maior proporção da pontuação da aptidão física especial na média atlética foi de 46,25%; a proporção da pontuação da aptidão física geral dos jogadores representou 15% acima e 13,75% abaixo, o nível de aptidão física específica dos jogadores de basquetebol está principalmente no nível mediano. Conclusão: Os efeitos do treinamento podem ser efetivamente avaliados pelo sistema de índice experimentado, sendo útil para que os atletas possam encontrar deficiências, aproveitar plenamente seu próprio potencial, melhorar as habilidades e adaptar as táticas do basquetebol. Também poderá fornecer mais talentos de reserva para o basquetebol profissional. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción: El entrenamiento debe realizarse de acuerdo con las características del baloncesto estableciendo un sistema de índices de evaluación científica para explotar plenamente el potencial de sus jugadores. Objetivo: Evaluar el sistema de índices de medición del entrenamiento físico específico para jugadores de baloncesto. Métodos: Se estudiaron los índices de evaluación del entrenamiento físico de los deportistas mediante la comprobación de la literatura científica y la estadística matemática, y se diseñó y experimentó un índice de evaluación del entrenamiento físico de los jóvenes jugadores de baloncesto. Resultados: La proporción más alta de la puntuación de la aptitud física especial en la media atlética fue del 46,25%; la proporción de la puntuación de la aptitud física general de los jugadores representó un 15% por encima y un 13,75% por debajo, el nivel de aptitud física específica de los jugadores de baloncesto está principalmente en el nivel medio. Conclusión: Los efectos del entrenamiento pueden evaluarse eficazmente mediante el sistema de índice de experiencia, y es útil para que los deportistas encuentren las deficiencias, aprovechen al máximo su propio potencial, mejoren las habilidades y adapten las tácticas de baloncesto. También puede proporcionar más talentos de reserva para el baloncesto profesional. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.

2.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Health ; (6): 418-421, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988215

ABSTRACT

Objective To primarily investigate the indoor radon concentrations in the urban and rural dwellings in Yinchuan, China, and to estimate the effective dose. Methods A total of 67 dwellings, which included 49 urban households and 18 rural households in Yinchuan, were selected to cumulatively measure the indoor radon concentrations for more than 3 months using solid state nuclear track detection. Results The arithmetic mean, geometric mean, median, and range of indoor radon concentrations in urban and rural areas in Yinchuan were 64 Bq/m3, 59 Bq/m3, 57 Bq/m3, and 25-172 Bq/m3, respectively. Surveillance sites with an indoor radon concentration higher than 100 Bq/m3 accounted for 7.5%. Indoor radon concentrations in rural areas were higher than those in urban areas. Indoor radon concentrations were highest in winter and lowest in summer. The effective dose of indoor radon exposure among residents in Yinchuan was 1.86 mSv/a. Conclusion The results of indoor radon concentrations measured in this investigation in Yinchuan are significantly higher than those measured in the 1990s. The annual effective dose is higher than the mean levels in the world and China.

3.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 483-489, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986220

ABSTRACT

Objective To construct a nomogram prediction model for the treatment effect of anlotinib with the participation of traditional Chinese medicine syndrome elements on the patients with extensive-stage small cell lung cancer (ES-SCLC) who previously received multiple lines of chemotherapy. Methods The clinical data of 127 patients with ES-SCLC who received at least two cycles of anlotinib treatment were retrospectively studied. Kaplan-Meier method was used to analyze the relationship between each factor and the overall survival time. Cox regression analysis was applied to screen the independent influencing factors of the prognosis of patients with ES-SCLC. R language was employed to build a nomogram prediction model, C-index was used to evaluate the model, and calibration curve was adopted to verify the accuracy of the model. Results Age, PS score, brain metastases, qi deficiency syndrome, yin deficiency syndrome, and blood stasis syndrome were related risk factors for ES-SCLC treated with anlotinib. PS score, brain metastasis, and blood stasis syndrome were independent prognostic factors. On the basis of these three independent influencing factors, a nomogram model was established to predict the prognosis of patients with ES-SCLC treated with anlotinib. The predicted risk was close to the actual risk, showing a high degree of coincidence. Conclusion The nomogram model established with PS score, blood stasis syndrome elements, and brain metastasis as independent factors can predict the prognosis of patients with ES-SCLC receiving second- and third-line treatment of anlotinib.

4.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 179-183, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971024

ABSTRACT

Management and treatment of terminal metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) remains heavily debated. We sought to investigate the efficacy of programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) inhibitor plus anlotinib as a potential solution for terminal mCRPC and further evaluate the association of genomic characteristics with efficacy outcomes. We conducted a retrospective real-world study of 25 mCRPC patients who received PD-1 inhibitor plus anlotinib after the progression to standard treatments. The clinical information was extracted from the electronic medical records and 22 patients had targeted circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) next-generation sequencing. Statistical analysis showed that 6 (24.0%) patients experienced prostate-specific antigen (PSA) response and 11 (44.0%) patients experienced PSA reduction. The relationship between ctDNA findings and outcomes was also analyzed. DNA-damage repair (DDR) pathways and homologous recombination repair (HRR) pathway defects indicated a comparatively longer PSA-progression-free survival (PSA-PFS; 2.5 months vs 1.2 months, P = 0.027; 3.3 months vs 1.2 months, P = 0.017; respectively). This study introduces the PD-1 inhibitor plus anlotinib as a late-line therapeutic strategy for terminal mCRPC. PD-1 inhibitor plus anlotinib may be a new treatment choice for terminal mCRPC patients with DDR or HRR pathway defects and requires further investigation.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Prostate-Specific Antigen , Treatment Outcome , Prostatic Neoplasms, Castration-Resistant/drug therapy , Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies
5.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 960-967, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-997687

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate predictive factors affecting the short-term efficacy of PD-1 inhibitors in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and to construct a prediction model. Methods From October 2019 to November 2021, 221 patients with advanced NSCLC who met the inclusion criteria and were treated with PD-1 inhibitors were prospectively enrolled. Patients who were enrolled before May 1st, 2021 were included inthe modeling group (n=149), whereas those who enrolled thereafter were included in the validation group (n=72). The general clinical data of patients, information of the four TCM diagnoses were collected, and TCM syndrome elements were identified. R software version 4.0.4 was used in constructing a nomogram clinical prediction model of objective response rate. The predictive ability and discrimination of the model were evaluated and externally validated by using a validation group. Results After two to four cycles of PD-1 inhibitor therapy in 221 patients, the overall objective response rate was 44.80%. Multivariate logistic regression analysis of the modeling group showed that the TPS score (OR=0.261, P=0.001), number of treatment lines (OR=3.749, P=0.002), treatment mode (OR=2.796, P=0.019), qi deficiency disease syndrome elements (OR=2.296, P=0.043), and syndrome elements of yin deficiency disease (OR=3.228, P=0.005) were the independent predictors of the short-term efficacy of PD-1 inhibitors. Based on the above five independent predictors, a nomogram prediction model for the short-term efficacy of PD-1 inhibitors was constructed. The AUC values of the modeling and validation groups were 0.8317 and 0.7535, respectively. The calibration curves of the two groups showed good agreement between the predicted and true values. The mean absolute errors were 0.053 and 0.039, indicating that the model has good predictive performance. Conclusion The nomogram model constructed on the basis of the syndrome elements of Qi-deficiency disease and Yin-deficiency syndrome of TCM, as well as TPS score, number of treatment lines and treatment mode, is a stable and effective tool for predicting the short-term efficacy of PD-1 inhibitors in advanced non-small cell lung cancer.

6.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Infectious Diseases ; (6): 10-20, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993716

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 is caused by a novel coronavirus-severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus type 2 (SARS-CoV-2), which has being spreading around the world, posing a serious threat to human health and lives. Neutralizing antibodies and small molecule inhibitors for virus replication cycle are the main antiviral treatment for novel coronavirus recommended in China. To further promote the rational use of antiviral therapy in clinical practice, the National Center for Infectious Diseases (Beijing Ditan Hospital Capital Medical University and the First Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine) invited experts in fields of infectious diseases, respiratory and intensive care to develop an Expert Consensus on Antiviral Therapy of COVID-19 based on the Diagnosis and Treatment Guideline for COVID-19 ( trial version 10) and experiences in the diagnosis and treatment of COVID-19 in China. The consensus is concise, practical and highly operable, hopefully it would improve the understanding of antiviral therapy for clinicians and provide suggestions for standardized medication in treatment of COVID-19.

7.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 28(1): 40-42, Jan.-Mar. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357114

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Overtraining in football is caused by an imbalance between body load, stress, and recovery. High-volume non-scientific physical training and continuous high-intensity football matches are often the main reasons for the overtraining of athletes. Objective: This article explores the characteristics of the changes in physical function of football players during a complete training cycle. Methods: We use experimental methods to analyze the changes in the physical load characteristics of football players during high-intensity training. Results: Creatine kinase, urea nitrogen, and oxygen transport indicators did not change significantly during football training. Testosterone and cortisol will gradually increase with an increase of exercise load. Conclusion: In football training, we need to reasonably arrange the total exercise volume, exercise intensity, and exercise interval time of the athletes according to the trainer's physical adaptability and athletic ability, supplemented with nutrition and enthusiasm recovery measures. These methods can improve or enhance the physical function of football players. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment results.


RESUMO Introdução: O treino excessivo no futebol é causado por um desequilíbrio entre a carga corporal, o estresse e a recuperação. O treinamento físico não científico de alto volume e as partidas contínuas de futebol de alta intensidade costumam ser as principais razões do treinamento excessivo dos atletas. Objetivo: Este artigo explora as características das mudanças de função física dos jogadores de futebol durante um ciclo completo de treinamento. Métodos: Usamos métodos experimentais para analisar as mudanças nas características de carga física de jogadores de futebol durante o treinamento de alta intensidade. Resultados: Os indicadores de creatina quinase, nitrogênio da ureia sanguínea e transporte de oxigênio não significativamente durante o treinamento de futebol. A testosterona e o cortisol aumentam gradualmente com o aumento da carga dos exercícios. Conclusões: No treinamento de futebol, precisamos organizar razoavelmente o volume total do exercício, sua intensidade e o tempo de intervalo dos atletas, de acordo com a adaptabilidade física e habilidade atlética do treinador, e com medidas de recuperação nutricional e de entusiasmo. Esses métodos podem melhorar ou aprimorar a função física dos jogadores de futebol. Nível de Evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - Investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción: El sobreentrenamiento en el fútbol es causado por un desequilibrio entre la carga corporal, el estrés y la recuperación. El entrenamiento físico de alto volumen no científico y los partidos de fútbol continuos de alta intensidad suelen ser las principales razones del sobreentrenamiento de los atletas. Objetivo: Este artículo explora las características de los cambios en la función física de los jugadores de fútbol durante un ciclo completo de entrenamiento. Métodos: Utilizamos métodos experimentales para analizar los cambios en las características de la carga física de los jugadores de fútbol durante el entrenamiento de alta intensidad. Resultados: Los indicadores de creatina quinasa, nitrógeno ureico en la sangre y transporte de oxígeno no fueron significativos durante el entrenamiento. La testosterona y el cortisol aumentan gradualmente con el aumento de la carga de ejercicios. Conclusiones: En el entrenamiento de fútbol, se debe organizar razonablemente el volumen total de ejercicios, la intensidad y el tiempo de intervalo de los atletas en función del acondicionamiento físico y la capacidad atlética del entrenador, y con medidas de recuperación nutricional y de entusiasmo. Estos métodos pueden mejorar o potenciar la función física de los jugadores de fútbol. Nivel de Evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - Investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.

8.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 147-151, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928876

ABSTRACT

A novel and portable device is proposed to monitor motor rehabilitation equipment, which can be mounted on most equipment with rotor shaft. The software of the device, whose main functions include equipment configuration, monitoring and statistical computation, is developed based on available sensor. The data collected by the device serve both department managers to learn the efficiency of the equipment, and physicians and therapists to understand the physical conditions of the patients who perform training exercises with the monitored rehabilitation equipment. About 2000 hours' monitoring has been carried out, and the experimental result indicates that the monitoring device is applicable to many types of motor rehabilitation equipment and achieves good monitoring accuracy. The data aggregated by the device can be used to evaluate the motor functions of the patients and make rehabilitation training plan. Besides, it is agreed by physicians and therapists that the device is easy-to-use, robust and has good real-time performance. The monitoring device thus holds the promise of boosting the development of digitalized rehabilitation medicine.


Subject(s)
Humans , Equipment Design , Exercise Therapy , Monitoring, Physiologic
9.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 586-590, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935431

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the suitable teaching mode of epidemiology for postgraduates, so as to provide techniques for improving and enhancing the teaching quality. Methods: The course was divided into three stages according to the teaching progress, which was, traditional teaching, traditional teaching and case discussion, online learning and case discussion. The test scores in three stages were compared respectively, and the students' willingness to teaching methods was investigated by questionnaire. Results: The scores of 214 students showed an upward trend in three stages, and the differences were statistically significant (P<0.001). Most students paid more attention to the knowledge systematization and important knowledge. Most students proposed that the teaching time between theoretical knowledge and case discussion should be evenly distributed. More students chose Chinese literature related to their major as teaching cases. Most students believed that case discussion improved the skills of self-study and communication. Conclusion: The epidemiology course for postgraduate should integrate the traditional teaching and case discussion, with online learning as a supplementary, and take effective methods to evaluate, so as to improve the teaching quality of postgraduate.


Subject(s)
Humans , Students , Surveys and Questionnaires , Teaching
10.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 206-211, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932044

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the therapeutic effect of quercetin (QUE) on triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells (TREM-1) activated macrophage inflammation and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induced acute lung injury (ALI) in mice, and explore its possible mechanism.Methods:In vitro cell experiment: The primary peritoneal macrophages of mice were collected by intraperitoneal injection of 3% calcium mercaptan acetate. The collected cells were divided into blank control group, dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) vehicle group, TREM-1 agonist group (10 μg/ml), QUE group (10 μmol/L) and TREM-1 agonist + QUE group (cells were pretreated with 10 μmol/L QUE for 30 min before adding agonist). Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect the secretion of interleukin (IL)-1β, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and IL-6 in the culture supernatant of primary macrophages; To observe the effect of QUE on LPS-induced TREM-1 protein levels, macrophages were divided into: normal control group, LPS group (100 ng/ml) and LPS+ QUE treatment group [macrophages were pretreated with 10 μmol/L QUE for 2 hours, and then incubated with LPS (100 ng/ml) for 16 hours]. Western blot was used to detect the expression of TREM-1 protein. In animal experiments: 80 male C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into 4 groups (20 in each group): normal control group, ALI model group, QUE group and QUE treatment group (LPS+ QUE). In the ALI model group, the ALI model was established by intratracheal injection of 5 mg/kg LPS; The mouse ALI model was established by intratracheal injection of LPS 5 mg/kg in the QUE treatment group, and then intraperitoneal injection of 15 mg/kg QUE. The control group was given the same amount of normal saline intratracheal followed by intraperitoneal injection of DMSO, and the QUE group was given the same amount of normal saline intratracheal followed by intraperitoneal injection of 15 mg/kg QUE. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was used to observe the pathological changes of lung tissue in each group; Inflammatory cells including IL-1β, TNF- α and IL-6 in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BLAF) of mice in each group were counted ; The expression of TREM-1 mRNA and protein in lung tissue of mice in each group was detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and Western blot. Results:In vitro cell experiment: the secretion of IL-1β, TNF-α and IL-6 in the supernatant of primary macrophages in TREM-1 agonist group was higher than those in DMSO vehicle group, while the secretion of IL-1β, TNF-αand IL-6 in the supernatant of primary macrophages in TREM-1 agonist + QUE group were lower than that of TREM-1 agonist group (all P<0.001). The expression of TREM-1 protein in LPS group was higher than that in control group ( P<0.05), while the expression of TREM-1 protein in LPS + QUE group was lower than that in LPS group ( P<0.05). Animal experiments showed that compared with the control group, the ALI model group had higher lung pathological injury score, more total cells, macrophages and neutrophils in BALF and increased TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1β content (all P<0.001). The above indexes in QUE group were lower than those in ALI model group (all P<0.001). The results of qRT-PCR and Western blot showed that compared with the control group, the expression of TREM-1 mRNA and protein in the lung tissue of ALI model group was increased, while the expression of TREM-1 mRNA and protein in the lung tissue of QUE group was lower than that of ALI model group (all P<0.05). Conclusions:Quercetin can inhibit TREM-1 activation, reduce macrophage inflammatory response and LPS induced acute lung injury in mice.

11.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 201-211, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-943102

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo systematically review the intervention effect of Chinese medicine on the structure and function of testicular Sertoli cells in animal models of impaired spermatogenesis. MethodThe databases, such as China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI),VIP,Wanfang Data,EMbase,and Pubmed,were searched for experimental studies on the effect of Chinese medicine on the structure and function of testicular Sertoli cells in animal models with impaired spermatogenesis. The included studies were evaluated for risks of bias,and the outcome indicators were analyzed with RevMan and Stata software. ResultThirty studies were included,involving 37 randomized controlled trials (RCTs). As indicated by the Meta-analysis results, compared with the model group,Chinese medicine increased sperm density(SMD=2.42,95% confidence interval(CI)[1.47,3.37],P<0.000 01), promoted sperm motility(SMD=2.35,95%CI [1.70, 2.99],P<0.000 01), up-regulated the protein and mRNA levels of Vimentin (related to Sertoli cell cytoskeleton), elevated the levels of Occludin and Claudin-11 (related to tight junction of blood-testis barrier), boosted the levels of β-catenin and N-cadherin (related to adherens junction of blood-testis barrier), raised the level of connexin 43 (Cx43, related to gap junction of blood-testis barrier), improved the function of Sertoli cells, increased the serum content of Inhibin B (INHB), and up-regulated the levels of testicular follicle-stimulating hormone receptor (FSHR), INHB mRNA, androgen-binding protein (ABP) mRNA, transferrin(TF),stem cell factor(SCF),SCF mRNA,glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF),GDNF mRNA,bone morphogenetic protein 4(BMP4),and BMP4 mRNA (P<0.05). ConclusionChinese medicine can effectively increase sperm density and motility of animal models of impaired spermatogenesis,and improve the structure and function of testicular Sertoli cells. However,affected by the quality of the included studies,the above conclusion needs to be further verified by relevant high-quality studies.

12.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 453-459, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922914

ABSTRACT

Based on near infrared spectroscopy and high performance liquid chromatography, this paper established the regression relationship between near infrared spectroscopy and index component content of Huoxiang Zhengqi oral liquid, so as to realize the rapid detection of index component content based on near infrared spectroscopy. Magnolol, honokiol and hesperidin were used as the quality indexes of Huoxiang Zhengqi oral liquid. After using the first derivative and normalization pretreatment method, characteristic variables were screened by CARS, and the correction model was finally established by partial least-squares regression (PLSR) method. The method accuracy was evaluated with the external validation, and the prediction results were tested for significance. The results indicated that when the near infrared spectrum was scanned through the bottle, the model's correlation coefficients of prediction (Rp) were higher than 0.99, the root mean square errors of the prediction models (RMSEP) were all less than 0.008 4, and the relative standard errors of prediction set (RSEP) were all less than 2.83%. There was no significant difference in the predicted results between these two kinds of model. The models established in the non-destructive way have good performance and high prediction accuracy. The rapid and nondestructive way has application value in the quality control of Huoxiang Zhengqi oral liquid.

13.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2778-2784, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904783

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To systematically e valuate the efficacy and safety of expectorant/antioxidants in the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD),and to provide evidence-based reference for clinical use. METHODS :Retrieved from PubMed ,Embase,Cochrane Library ,Web of Science ,CBM,CNKI,VIP,Wanfang database ,etc.,randomized controlled trials(RCTs)about expectorant/antioxidants (trial group )versus placebo (control group )in the treatment of COPD were collected during the inception to May 2021. After literature screening and data extraction ,the quality of included literatures were evaluated with risk bias evaluation tool recommended by Cochrane systematic evaluator manual 5.1.0. The consistency check was performed by using Gemtc 14.3 software;network Meta-analysis ,clustering and hierarchical sorting were performed with Stata 15.1 software. The publication bias was analyzed by inverted funnel plot. RESULTS :A total of 12 RCTs,involving 4 637 patients,were included. Five interventions measures were involved ,such as low-dose N-acetylcysteine (NAC),high-dose NAC ,carbo- cisteine, erdosteine and placebo. The results of network Meta-analysis showed that in terms of annual acute aggrava- tion rate ,the patients receiving high-do se NAC [MD =-0.45, 163.com 95%CI(-0.74,-0.17),P<0.05],carbocisteine [MD =-0.59,95%CI(-0.86,-0.32),P<0.05] and erdosteine [MD =-0.26,95%CI(-0.51,-0.01),P<0.05] in trial group were significantly lower than those in control group ;the annual acute aggravation rate of patients receiving high-dose NAC[MD =-0.55, 95%CI(-0.98,-0.11),P<0.05] and carbocisteine [MD =-0.69,95%CI(-1.11,-0.26),P<0.05] in trial group were significantly lower than those receiving low-dose of NAC ,there was no statistical significance among other groups (P>0.05); probability cumulative ranking results (calculated by the area under the curve )of its network Meta-analysis was carbocisteine > high-dose NAC >erdosteine>placebo>low-dose NAC. In terms of the incidence of ADR ,there was no statistical significance among groups (P>0.05);probability cumulative ranking results (calculated by the area under the curve ) of its network Meta-analysis was erdosteine >high-dose NAC >low-dose NAC >placebo>carbocisteine. The results of clustering and hierarchical ranking showed that the efficacy and safety of the five interventions could be grouped into three categories ,including placebo and low-dose NAC with low efficacy and safety ,carbocisteine with good efficacy but low safety ,and high-dose NAC and erdosteine with good efficacy and safety. The results of publication bias showed that taking the annual acute exacerbation rate as the index , there was a greater possibility of publication bias in this study ;taking the incidence of adverse event as index ,there was little possibility of publication bias in this study. CONCLUSIONS :NAC,carbocisteine and erdosteine all can reduce the annual acute aggravation rate and have low incidence of ADR. Carbocisteine is the best in terms of annual acute aggravation rate ,erdosteine is the best in terms of safety. High-dose NAC and erdosteine are both better in term of efficacy and safety.

14.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 73-79, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906114

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical efficacy of modified Chushi Juanbitang combined with pedicle vertebrotomy on kyphosis of ankylosing spondylitis due to syndrome of dampness-heat obstruction. Method:The 90 cases were randomly divided into control group and observation group, 45 cases in each group. The patients in control group received pedicle vertebrotomy + <italic>Tripterygium</italic> glycosides, and the patients in observation group received pedicle vertebrotomy + modified Chushi Juanbitang. The treatment course was 6 months in both groups. Their bath ankylosing spondylitis disease activity index (BASDAI), bath ankylosing spondylitis measure index (BASMI), imaging index, traditional Chinese medicine syndromes, serum proinflammatory factor, anti-inflammatory factor, bone metabolism index [bone-specific alkaline phosphatase (BALP), tartrate resistant acid phosphatase isomer-5b (TRACP-5 b), bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2), osteocalcin (BGP)], ossification related proteins [bone morphogenetic protein-7 (BMP-7), dickkopf-related protein-1 (DKK-1), and tissue inhibitor matrix metalloproteinase-2 (TIMP-2), sclerostin(SOST)] were observed and detected. The clinical efficacy, recurrence rate and safety indexes were followed up for 12 months and compared. Result:The total effective rate was 97.73% (43/44) in the observation group, higher than 80.95% (34/42) in the control group (<italic>χ</italic><sup>2</sup>=5.172, <italic>P</italic><0.05). In the comparison with control group after treatment, the BASDAI, BASMI, imaging index, traditional Chinese medicine syndromes, proinflammatory factors, TRACP-5b, BMP-7 and TIMP-2 were lower in observation group (<italic>P</italic><0.05), and the anti-inflammatory factors, BALP, BMP-2, BGP, DKK-1 and SOST were higher in observation group (<italic>P</italic><0.05). During the follow-up for at least 12 months, the recurrence rate was 4.65% (2/43) in observation group, lower than 26.47% (9/34) in control group (<italic>χ</italic><sup>2</sup>=4.261, <italic>P</italic><0.05). There was no significant difference in the incidence of postoperative complications between the two groups. The incidence of adverse reactions was 2.27% (1/44) in observation group, lower than 38.64% (17/44) in control group (<italic>χ</italic><sup>2</sup>=5.763, <italic>P</italic><0.05). Conclusion:Modified Chushi Juanbitang combined with pedicle vertebrotomy is effective in the treatment of kyphosis of ankylosing spondylitis due to syndrome of dampness-heat obstruction.

15.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 467-474, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873488

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To study t he effects of bro mophenylcurcumin(GL63)on the apoptosis ,migration and invasion of human cholangiocarcinoma RBE cells ,and to investigate its mechanism based on JAK/STAT signaling pathway. METHODS :MTT assay was used to detect the effects of different concentrations of GL 63 [0(blank control ,similarly hereinafter ),1.25,2.5,5,10, 20,40 μ mol/L] on the proliferation of RBE cells after 48 h treatment ;the IC 50 was calculated. The effects of different concentrations of GL 63(0,5,10,20 μmol/L)on colony formation were detected by crystal violet staining after 48 h treatment. Flow cytometry ,Hoechst 33342 staining,cell scratch test and Transwell chamber invasion test were used to detect the effects of different concentrations of GL 63(0,5,10,20 μmol/L)on cell cycle distribution ,apoptosis,migration and invasion ability after 24 h treatment. Western blotting assay was adopted to detect the effects of different concentration of GL 63(0,5,10,20 μmol/L) on the expression of JAK 2/STAT3 signal pathway associated proteins. RESULTS :The proliferation inhibition rates of RBE cells in different concentrations of GL 63 groups(1.25-40 μmol/L)were significantly increase d,compared with blank control group (P< 0.01),and showed a dose-dependent trend ,with IC 50 of (8.46±1.30)μmol/L. Compared with blank control group, 85917439。E-mail:zhaoji-an-88@163.com inhibition rates of RBE cell colony formation were significantly decreased in different concentrations (5,10,20 μmol/L)of GL 63 groups(P<0.01). The percentage of RBE cells at G 0/G1 phase increased significantly ,while that at S phase decreased significantly (P<0.01). The apoptotic rate increased significantly(P<0.01),and the nucleus showed dense pyknosis and apoptotic bodies. The rate of cell migration and healing was significantly decreased (P<0.01),and the number of invasive cells through basement membrane was significantly decreased (P< 0.01). The protein expression of p-JAK 2, p-STAT3, Bcl-2, MMP-2, MMP-9, Pro-caspase-9 and P ro-caspase-3 were down-regulated significantly while the expression of Bax ,Cyt-c,Cleaved-caspase-9 and Cleaved-caspase- 3 were up-regulated significantly(P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS :GL63 may inhibit the proliferation ,migration and invasion of RBE cells and promote its apoptosis by inhibiting JAK 2/STAT3 signal pathway.

16.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 305-322, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880262

ABSTRACT

"The Expert Group on Tumor Ablation Therapy of Chinese Medical Doctor Association, The Tumor Ablation Committee of Chinese College of Interventionalists, The Society of Tumor Ablation Therapy of Chinese Anti-Cancer Association and The Ablation Expert Committee of the Chinese Society of Clinical Oncology" have organized multidisciplinary experts to formulate the consensus for thermal ablation of pulmonary subsolid nodules or ground-glass nodule (GGN). The expert consensus reviews current literatures and provides clinical practices for thermal ablation of GGN. The main contents include: (1) clinical evaluation of GGN, (2) procedures, indications, contraindications, outcomes evaluation and related complications of thermal ablation for GGN and (3) future development directions.
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17.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5639-5644, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878823

ABSTRACT

To provide the ancient literary evidence support for the clinical application and development of classical prescription based on systematical collection and analysis of the ancient Chinese medical literature containing Jinshui Liujun Jian, including its origin and development. Bibliometric analysis was used and information of Jinshui Liujun Jian in ancient Chinese medical literature was then collected for statistical analysis of formula compositions, main indications, dosage, preparation methods, etc. A total of 151 valid items of data were obtained from 48 ancient Chinese medicine books. Jinshui Liujun Jian was first recorded in Jingyue Quanshu written by ZHANG Jiebin. This prescription consisted of Rehmanniae Radix Praeparata, Angelicae Sinensis Radix, Pinelliae Rhizome, Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium, Poria and Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizome Praeparata cum Melle, and it was mainly used to treat the deficiency of lung and kidney, edema and excess production of phlegm, or Yin deficiency in the old, insufficient blood-qi, wind-cold evil, cough and disgusting, asthma and excessive phlegm. Doctors in later dynasties mostly followed the prescription compositions, dosages and indications in Jingyue Quanshu, and extended the clinical application of this prescription.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Prescriptions , Rhizome
18.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 223-227, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867521

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the relationship between cardiac radiation dose and prognosis of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).Methods:From August 2015 to September 2018, the clinical data and cardiac dose parameters of 180 patients with locally advanced NSCLC who received radiotherapy in Tangshan people′s Hospital of Hebei Province were analyzed retrospectively.The relationship between cardiac dose parameters and overall survival rate was analyzed by K-M analysis, and the prognostic factors of NSCLC patients were identified by multivariate Cox regression.Results:The median survival time of NSCLC patients was 33.4 months.Univariate analysis indicated prescription dose≥56Gy ( HR 1.54, 95% CI1.28-2.86, P=0.011), hypertension ( HR 1.42, 95% CI1.34-1.89, P=0.012), mean cardiac dose≥13.9Gy ( HR 1.12, 95% CI1.05-2.61, P=0.031), V5≥70% ( HR 1.08, 95% CI1.01-2.16, P=0.044), and V30≥40% ( HR 1.16, 95% CI1.04-3.01, P=0.041), V50≥20% ( HR 1.23, 95% CI1.11-2.81, P<0.001), and V60≥5% ( HR 1.03, 95% CI1.00-1.89, P=0.037) were the prognostic factors of NSCLC patients.After multi-factor adjustments, receiving chemotherapy was a favorable factor for the prognosis of NSCLC patients ( HR 0.711, 95% CI0.35-0.89, P=0.005); hypertension was a factor of poor prognosis ( HR 1.641, 95% CI1.56-1.86, P=0.034); V50≥20% in cardiac dose ( HR 1.161, 95% CI1.13-3.82, P=0.002) was a poor prognostic factor in NSCLC patients. Conclusion:The cardiac dose V50 is an independent predictor of prognosis in patients with advanced NSCLC.The increase of cardiac radiation dose may increase the potential risk of death.In clinical practice, the prognosis of patients may be improved by reducing the cardiac radiation dose.

19.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2741-2750, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829976

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To compare the an ti-hepatocarcinoma effects of curcumin (CUR)and its derivative hydrazincurcumin (HZC),and to explore the mechanism. METHODS :MTT assay was used to detect the effects of CUR or HZC (2.5,5,10,20, 40,80 μmol/L)on the proliferation of HepG 2 cells. Flow cytometry was used to detect the effects of CUR or HZC (10,20,40 μmol/L)on cell cycle distribution and apoptosis of HepG 2 cells. Western blotting assay was used to detect the effects of CUR or HZC(10,20,40 μmol/L)on the expression of apoptosis-related protein in HepG 2 cells. The male SD rats were randomly divided into normal control group (n=10),CUR control group (n=10),HZC control group (n=10),model group (n=30),CUR protection group (n=30)and HZC protection group (n=30). CUR control group and HZC control group were given CUR 85917439。E-mail:zhaoji-an-88@163.com or HZC (80 mg/kg) intraperitoneally. Model group ,CUR protection group and HZC protection group were given diethylnitrosamine (50 mg/kg)intraperitoneally to establish hepatocarcinoma model ;at the same time ,2 protection groups were given CUR or HZC (80 mg/kg)intraperitoneally,twice a day,for consecutive 12 weeks. During medication ,the change of body weight and death of rats were recorded. Twenty four weeks later,liver index of rats was calculated and appearance was observed ;the number of cancer nodules was counted ;HE staining was used to observe the pathological changes of liver tissue and calculate the nuclear division index of hepatocarcinoma ;the proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA)index was detected by immunohistochemistry. RESULTS :CUR and HZC could increase the inhibitory rate of HepG 2 cells(P<0.05),and increased the percentage at G 0/G1 phase and apoptotic rate of HepG 2 cells(P< 0.05). CUR and HZC could significantly decrease the protein expression of p-JAK 2,p-STAT3,Bcl-2 and Bcl-xl ,while increased the protein expression of Bax ,Cyt-c,Caspase-9,Caspase-3 and PAPR (P<0.05). Above effects of HZC were significantly better than those of CUR (P<0.05). The results of animal experiment showed that there was no death ,no liver canceration and no pathological changes in liver appearance and tissue section of the three control groups ;there was no statistical significance in body weight and its increased weight ,liver index ,nuclear division index of carcinoma or PCNA index (P>0.05). Compared with model group, survival rate of rats were increased significantly in CUR protection group and HZC protection group , while hepatocarcinoma incidence and the number of cancer nodules were decreased significantly (P<0.05);body weight and its increased weight were increased significantly ,while liver index ,nuclear division index of carcinoma and PCNA index were decreased significantly (P<0.05). There were some pathological changes in liver appearance and tissue section ;cancerous lesions with focal necrosis or cancerous lesions with patchy necrosis were observed. There was no statistical significance in the improvement of above indexes in 2 protection groups (P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS :HZC could inhibit the proliferation and induce apoptosis of HepG 2 cells by inhibiting JAK 2/STAT3 signaling pathway and regulating the activation of mitochondrial endogenous pathway,which shows stronger anti-hepatocarcinoma effect in vitro than CUR. On the other hand ,there was no significant difference in the improvement of liver caner indexes in hepatic cancer model rats between HZC and CUR.

20.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 204-211, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872940

ABSTRACT

Traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) has the characteristics of multiple ingredients, multiple targets, and complex action pathways. Under the guidance of the holistic view and syndrome differentiation treatment, TCM and its compound have great advantages in the treatment of diseases, and its material basis and molecular mechanism of action is not clear, so there are great challenges in the research of TCM. Network pharmacology has become a new research method and technical means for the modernization of TCM. It is a research discipline derived from the study of the mechanism of TCM treatment of diseases with multi-component drugs and multiple targets under the guidance of system biology theory. It conforms to the systematic and holistic thinking mode of Chinese medicine. At present, there have been many researches on the application of Internet pharmacology in Chinese medicine, including the research on the basis and mechanism of the Chinese medicine single drug, drug pair and compound pharmacodynamics, the methods and applications of Internet pharmacology for Chinese medicine research application of combining pharmacology with other technologies. However, the rapid data update, the emergence of new databases, the types of algorithms and the use of tools have made the development of network pharmacology too fast. People have neglected to update the databases, tools and algorithms and compare the advantages of each database. This article summarizes and compares the database, tools and algorithms of the network pharmacology in the past three years, and describes the network through the substance basis of TCM, the pharmacological mechanism of TCM, the development of new drugs, the quality control of TCM, and the formulating rules of TCM. The application and problems of pharmacology in the field of TCM are expected to provide a reference for the research and application of network pharmacology in TCM.

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