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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881081

ABSTRACT

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is regarded as the most common liver disease with no approved therapeutic drug currently. Silymarin, an extract from the seeds of Silybum marianum, has been used for centuries for the treatment of various liver diseases. Although the hepatoprotective effect of silybin against NAFLD is widely accepted, the underlying mechanism and therapeutic target remain unclear. In this study, NAFLD mice caused by methionine-choline deficient (MCD) diet were orally administrated with silybin to explore the possible mechanism and target. To clarify the contribution of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α (PPARα), PPARα antagonist GW6471 was co-administrated with silybin to NAFLD mice. Since silybin was proven as a PPARα partial agonist, the combined effect of silybin with PPARα agonist, fenofibrate, was then evaluated in NAFLD mice. Serum and liver samples were collected to analyze the pharmacological efficacy and expression of PPARα and its targets. As expected, silybin significantly protected mice from MCD-induced NAFLD. Furthermore, silybin reduced lipid accumulation via activating PPARα, inducing the expression of liver cytosolic fatty acid-binding protein, carnitine palmitoyltransferase (Cpt)-1a, Cpt-2, medium chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase and stearoyl-CoA desaturase-1, and suppressing fatty acid synthase and acetyl-CoA carboxylase α. GW6471 abolished the effect of silybin on PPARα signal and hepatoprotective effect against NAFLD. Moreover, as a partial agonist for PPARα, silybin impaired the powerful lipid-lowering effect of fenofibrate when used together. Taken together, silybin protected mice against NAFLD via activating PPARα to diminish lipid accumulation and it is not suggested to simultaneously take silybin and classical PPARα agonists for NAFLD therapy.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874814

ABSTRACT

Objective@#: This study aims to investigate the relationship between aneurysm wall enhancement and clinical rupture risks based on the magnetic resonance vessel wall imaging (MR-VWI) quantitative methods. @*Methods@#: One hundred and eight patients with 127 unruptured aneurysms were prospectively enrolled from Feburary 2016 to October 2017. Aneurysms were divided into high risk (≥10) and intermediate-low risk group (<10) according to the PHASES (Population, Hypertension, Age, Size of aneurysm, Earlier SAH history from another aneurysm, Site of aneurysm) scores. Clinical risk factors, aneurysm morphology, and wall enhancement index (WEI) calculated using 3D MR-VWI were analyzed and compared. @*Results@#: In comparison of high-risk and intermediated-low risk groups, univariate analysis showed that neck width (4.5±3.3 mm vs. 3.4±1.7 mm, p=0.002), the presence of wall enhancement (100.0% vs. 62.9%, p<0.001), and WEI (1.6±0.6 vs. 0.8±0.8, p<0.001) were significantly associated with high rupture risk. Multivariate regression analysis revealed that WEI was the most important factor in predicting high rupture risk (odds ratio, 2.6; 95% confidence interval, 1.4–4.9; p=0.002). The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis can efficiently differentiate higher risk aneurysms (area under the curve, 0.780; p<0.001) which have a reliable WEI cutoff value (1.04; sensitivity, 0.833; specificity, 0.67) predictive of high rupture risk. @*Conclusion@#: Aneurysms with higher rupture risk based on PHASES score demonstrate increased neck width, wall enhancement, and the enhancement intensity. Higher WEI in unruptured aneurysms has a predictive value for increased rupture risk.

3.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 274-281, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870803

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the incidence, risk factors of malignant brain edema (MBE) and the influence of MBE on outcomes after early successful recanalization of acute large vascular occlusion stroke (ALVOS).Methods:A total of 149 patients (age (68±11) years, male 85 (57.0%)) with ALVOS who underwent early endovascular treatment and achieved successful recanalization at the First Affiliated Hospital of Wannan Medical College from July 2014 to February 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. Baseline data, perioperative data, and 90-day prognostic information were collected from patients enrolled in the study. Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to explore the relationship between MBE and outcomes, and the risk factors of MBE.Results:Among the 149 patients, baseline National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score was 16 (13, 20), baseline Alberta Stroke Project early CT score was 9 (8, 10), the time of onset-to-puncture was (248.3±61.3) minutes, and the onset-to-recanalization time was (312.4±69.7) minutes. MBE occurred in 23 patients (15.4%, 23/149). The 90-day favorable outcome (90-day modified Rankin Scale score≤ 2) in patients with MBE was significantly lower than those without MBE (17.4% (4/23) vs 61.1% (77/126), χ 2=14.985, P<0.001), and the 90-day mortality in patients with MBE was significantly higher than those without MBE (43.5% (10/23) vs14.3% (18/126), χ 2=10.861, P=0.003). MBE was shown to be an independent predictor of 90-day poor outcome (adjusted OR=12.078, 95 %CI 1.934-75.443, P=0.008) and death (adjusted OR=4.146, 95 %CI 1.060-16.216, P=0.041). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that the collateral circulation status was related to the incidence of MBE in patients with ALVOS after successful recanalization (level 2 vs level 0, adjusted OR=0.109, 95 %CI 0.021-0.563, P=0.008). Conclusions:MBE is an independent risk factor of ALVOS patients with poor outcome or death in 90 days. For patients with ALVOS, even if the occlusive vessels have been successfully recanalized after early endovascular treatment, MBE is still not uncommon. The collateral circulation state is an independent predictive factor of the development of MBE after recanalization by early endovascular treatment in patients with ALVOS.

4.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 705-711, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711009

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the value of stroke prognostication using age and National Institute of Health Stroke Scale index (SPAN) for outcome after early endovascular treatment for anterior circulation large vessel occlusion.Methods The patients who underwent early endovascular treatment were prospectively,sequentially collected in Yijishan Hospital of Wannan Medical College from December 2014 to September 2017 and Jinling Hospital from March 2014 to March 2017.Individuals whose age in years plus NIHSS score was greater than or equal to 100 were designated as SPAN-100-positive patients,while those with a score less than 100 were designated as SPAN-100-negative patients.We compared the baseline data and perioperative data between the two groups.The 90 days modified Rankin Scale score≤2 was regarded as favorable outcome.Single factor and multivariable Logistic regression analyses were used to determine the association between SPAN-100 and outcomes.Results One hundred and ninety patients were enrolled,20 (10.5%) of which were SPAN-100 positive,and 170(89.5%) were SPAN-100 negative.There were no significant differences between the two groups on postoperative intracerebral hemorrhage and 90 days mortality.Ninety days independence rates were higher in SPAN-100-negative patients (77/170,45.3%) than in SPAN-100 positive patients (4/20,20.0%;x2 =4.681,P =0.030).Multi-factor Logistic regression analysis showed that the higher preoperation systolic pressure (OR =1.030,95% CI 1.008-1.052,P =0.007),the lower Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score (OR =1.609,95% CI 1.056-2.453,P =0.027) and poor collateral circulation(OR =5.714,95% CI 1.668-19.570,P =0.006) were the independent risk factors of outcomes.Conclusion SPAN-100 is not an independent predictor of favorable outcome after adjusting for factors of outcomes in patients with anterior circulation large vessel occlusion.

5.
International Eye Science ; (12): 2193-2196, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-669424

ABSTRACT

·AIMS:To investigate the etiological factors and various effects of severe vitreous hemorrhage ( VH ) in Northern China.·METHODS:Files on patients presenting with VH treated with vitrectomy between January 2011 and January 2014 were retrieved from medical records.·RESULTS:A total of 1335 eyes of 1275 patients ( 735 males, 540 females) presenting with VH were included in this study. Proliferative diabetic retinopathy ( PDR ) , retinal vein occlusion ( RVO) , either retinal detachment or retinal hole (RD/RH), ocular trauma, Eales disease, and either age- related macular degeneration or polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy ( AMD/PCV ) constituted the etiology of VH in more than 90% of the patients. The most common causes of VH were ocular trauma ( 40%) , PDR (19. 5%), and Eales disease (19. 1%) in the youth group, PDR (34. 4%), RVO (30. 8%), and RD/RH (12. 2%) in the middle-aged group, and RVO ( 35. 7%) , PDR ( 26. 6%) , RD/RH (14. 6%), and AMD/PCV (8%) in the elder group.· CONCLUSION: PDR, RVO, and ocular trauma are usually the main causes of VH. Within each group, the most common causes of VH were ocular trauma and Eales disease in the youth group, PDR, RVO, and RD/RH in the middle-aged group, and RVO, PDR, RD/RH, and AMD/PCV in the elder group. In addition, we found that males with ocular trauma are at high risk for VH, PDR and Eales disease often present bilateral VHs, and PDR and RVO have a high risk of recurrence.

6.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 547-550, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-486304

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the correlations of clinical characteristics,CT and pathology features of peripheral primitive neuroectrodermal tumors (pPNET)in abdomen-pelvis region,and to improve the understanding of the disease.Methods The clinical information,CT and pathological features of 23 confirmed pPNET patients in abdomen-pelvis region were analyzed retrospectively.Results (1)All patients had preoperative clinical and imaging data integrallty.(2)23 cases showed soft tissue masses with fuzzy boundary and the average diameter were 10.72 cm.Among all,9 cases showed with varying degrees of sac necrosis,while 2 cases showed with platelet hemorrhage and 4 cases with speckled calcifications.Most showed slight-to-moderate heterogeneous enhancement and the necrosis and cystic are-as showed more obvious.12 cases showed with different degree of recurrence,invasion or distant metastasis.5 cases combined with tumor emboli and 4 cases with tumor feeding vessels.(3)Immunohistochemical examination showed CD99 expressed in 1 9 patients, CD56 in 11,vimentin(Vim)in 12,synaptophysin(Syn)in 11,neuron specific enolase(NSE)in 4,FLI-1 in 4 and epithelial membrane antigen (EMA)in 4 patients.Conclusion pPNET is common among young patients with a high degree of malignancy.CT features include large mass with invasive growth,commonly combined heterogenous density,necrosis and cystic changes.Persistent enhancement is observed during nephrographic phase.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-486701

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigated the effect of the risk factors for stroke on the development of leptomeningeal colateral circulation in patients with middle cerebral artery occlusion. Methods Patients with acute ischemic stroke confirmed as middle cerebral artery occlusion by imaging were extracted from the Nanjing Stroke Registry Program between June 2006 and December 2011. The baseline clinical data were colected. Leptomeningeal colateral circulation was assessed by angiography. Results A total of 137 patients were enroled, including 100 males and 37 females; mean age 55. 26 ± 11. 71 years. The colateral circulation of 65 patients (47. 4% ) was good. Univariate analysis showed that the ages (52. 3 ± 13. 2 years vs. 57. 9 ± 9. 5 years; t = 2. 866, P = 0. 005) and the proportion of hypertension (52. 3% vs. 70. 8% ; χ2 = 4. 978, P =0. 026) in the good colateral circulation group were significantly lower than those in the poor colateral circulation group. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that age was an independent risk factor for affecting the leptomeningeal colateral circulation in patients with acute middle cerebral artery occlusion (odds ratio, 0. 965, 95% confidence interval 0. 934-0. 997, P = 0. 034). Conclusions Age is an independent risk factor for affecting the leptomeningeal colateral circulation in patients with middle cerebral artery occlusion.

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812475

ABSTRACT

The present study was aimed at determining the effects of Tongqiao Huoxue Decoction (TQHXD) on the Ca(2+)-CaMKII-CREB pathway and the memory and learning capacities of rats with vascular dementia (VD). The rat VD model was established by using an improved bilateral carotid artery ligation method. The Morris water maze experiment was used to evaluate the ethology of the VD rats following treatments with TQHXD at 3.01, 6.02, and 12.04 g·kg(-1) per day for 31 days. At the end of experiment, the hippocampus were harvested and analyzed. Western blotting and RT-PCR were used to measure the expression levels of calmodulin-binding protein kinase II(CaMKII), protein kinase A(PKA), cAMP-response element binding protein(CREB), and three N-methyl-D-aspartic acid receptor subunits (NR1, NR2A, and NR2B). Our results revealed that TQHXD could alleviate the loss of learning abilities and increase the memory capacity (P < 0.05 and P < 0.01 vs the model group, respectively). The treatment with 6.02 and 12.04 g·kg(-1) of TQHXD significantly up-regulated the Ca(2+)-CaMKII-CREB pathway in the hippocampus. In conclusion, TQHXD showed therapeutic effects on a bilateral carotid artery ligation-induced vascular dementia model, through the up-regulation of calcium signalling pathways.


Subject(s)
Animals , Calcium , Metabolism , Calcium-Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinase Type 2 , Metabolism , Cyclic AMP Response Element-Binding Protein , Metabolism , Dementia, Vascular , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Psychology , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Female , Hippocampus , Metabolism , Learning Disabilities , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Male , Maze Learning , Memory , Memory Disorders , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Phytotherapy , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Signal Transduction , Up-Regulation
9.
Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal ; (24): 671-675, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-859457

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To study activity of tongqiao huoxue decoction (TQHXD) on memory and learning ability of rats with vascular dementia (VD) and its influence on fluorescence intensity of intracellular calcium concentration of hippocampal neurons. METHODS: Vascular dementia model was established by using improved bilateral carotid artery ligation method. The Morris water maze experiment was adopted to evaluate the ethology of VD rats. The fluorescence intensity of hippocampus intracellular calcium was detected by flow cytometry. RESULTS: Compared with the model group, high, middle and low dose group of TQHXD significantly reduce the time of escape latency and the distance of climbing on the platform (P < 0.01). The entries in the second quadrant, the times in the second quadrant and the distance in the second quadrant in relation to high, middle and low dose groups of TQHXD were increasing significantly (P < 0.05) and the latency to first entry in the second quadrant was shorten (P < 0.05). The fluorescence intensity of intracellular calcium in hippocampal neurons of the high, middle and low dose groups of TQHXD was lower than that of the model group (P < 0.01, P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: TQHXD can improve the memory and learning ability of rats with VD significantly. The mechanism may be related to reduce the intracellular calcium concentration in the hippocampus, thereby the damage of nerve cells is reduced.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-475533

ABSTRACT

Objective Explore the combined effects of Ibuprofen and Cimetidine on the inhibition of penile erection postoperative penis after circumcision.Methods Reviewed 557 circumcision cases,patients were divided into 3 groups according to the drugs:Diethylstilbestrol group(D group),Ketoconazole group(K group)and the group combined Ibuprofen with Cimetidine(F&C group).D group(n =156)were treated by Diethylstilbestrol for 5 days from the day of operation.K group(n =188)were treated by Ketoconazole for 5 days from the day of operation.F&C group (n =213) were treated by Ibuprofen and Cimetidine for 5 days from the day of operation.6 postoperative indices were compared for evaluating the effects of different drugs on the inhibition of penile erection postoperative penis,including the incidences of secondary hemorrhage,drug adverse reaction,morning erection,the pain frequency,pain degree and holding time of duration of nocturnal penile erection.Results The 4 indices of D group were 6.4%,96.8%,(4.8 ± 2.18) times,(13.6 ± 6.39) minutes,including the incidences rate of secondary hemorrhage and morning erection,the pain frequency and holding time of duration of nocturnal penile erection.These 4 indices of K group and F&C group were 1.6%,91.0%,(4.2 ± 2.21) times,(10.5 ± 5.35) minutes and 1.4%,89.7%,(4.1 ± 2.20) times,(10.4 ± 5.67) minutes.These 4 indices of F&C group were significant less or lower than D group(P < 0.05),but were no significant differences than K group(P > 0.05).It is listed in lighting the penile pain degree,D group,K group,F&C group(P <0.05).While the difference of adverse drug reaction rates had no statistically significant among 3 groups (P > 0.05).Conclusion Though the adverse drug reaction rate of the medication combined Ibuprofen with Cimetidine is similar to Ketoconazole and Diethylstilbestrol, most of adverse drug reactions of the former in routine dose were stomach discomforts that could be lower risk than drug hepatitis,and there is no altercation or dispute on transnormal drug dose.The combined effects of Ibuprofen and Cimetidine in routine dose is very similar to Ketoconazole on the inhibition of penile erection postoperative penis,and is signifcantly better than Diethylstilbestrol.The medication combined Ibuprofen with Cimetidine is the best efficacity in the relief of pain among 3 kinds of medication,which is worth popularizing and applying.

11.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 722-726, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-469042

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the most sensitive methods for diagnosing spontaneous internal carotid artery dissection (sICAD) and spontaneous vertebral artery dissection (sVAD) respectively,for the sake of earlier and more accurate diagnosis.Methods Consecutive patients with sICAD and sVAD who visited the Department of Neurology and Radiology,Huashan Hospital Affiliated to Fudan University during 2008-2013 were retrospectively reviewed and the sensitivity of CT angiography (CTA),magnetic resonance T1-weighted fat-suppressed images (MR T1-FS) and digital subtraction angiography (DSA) for the diagnosis of sICAD and sVAD was compared.Results Eighty patients (62 male,18 female; mean age (45.7 ± 11.9) years) were included in the study.There were 99 arterial dissections in total,45 cases of sICAD,52 cases of sVAD and 2 cases of spontaneous middle cerebral artery dissections.The sensitivity of CTA,DSA and MR T1-FS for diagnosing sICAD was 97.5% (39/40),90.0% (36/40) and 69.6% (16/23) respectively,while for sVAD was 89.8% (44/49),84.6% (44/52) and 100.0% (27/27) respectively.Conclusions sICAD and sVAD have significant differences in many aspects including diagnostic strategies.CTA and MR T1-FS seem to be the most sensitive methods for the diagnosis of sICAD and sVAD respectively.Although DSA has been considered as the gold standard for the diagnosis of artery dissection,this imaging technique does not allow analysis of artery wall thickness,thus also has limitations.It is likely that the diagnostic sensitivity will be improved by combining CTA and MR T1-FS.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-447579

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the possible formation mechanism and imaging features of the hyperintense vessel sign (HVS) on fluid attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) in patients with ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA).Methods The baseline data of the patients with middle cerebral artery (MCA) ischemic stroke or TIA with digital subtraction angiography (DSA) showing the lesions of MCA M1 segment in clinical practice were retrospectively retrieved from Nanjing Stroke Registry Program from January 2010 to July 2011.FLAIR was used to observe HVS,and DSA was used to evaluate the degree of vascular stenosis and cerebral collateral circulation.Results A total of 101 patients were enrolled,76 (75.2%) were males,and their mean age was 53.94 ± 13.47 years; 90 patients (89.1%) with ischemic stroke and 11 patients (10.9%) with TIA; 55 patients (54.5%) were HVS negative and 46 (45.5%) were HVS positive.Among the patients whose MCA stenosis <50%,50%-70%,70%-90% and ≥90%,the positive rates were 0% (0/8),25.0% (3/12),17.6% (3/17),and 62.5% (40/64),respectively.There were significant differences (Z=-4.479,P< 0.001).The leptomeningeal collateral circulation of the HVS positive group was significantly more than that of the HVS negative group (Z =-6.196,P < 0.001).Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the degree of MCA stenosis was an independent risk factor for influencing the formation of HVS (odds ratio 3.943,95% confidence interval 2.03-7.659; P <0.001).Conclusions The formed intracranial leptomeningeal colhteral circulation after severe intracranial vascular stenosis or occlusion is a major pathophysiological basis of HVS formation on FLAIR sequences in patients with ischemic stroke or TIA.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-446811

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effects of dexmedetomidine on the activity of cAMP response element binding protein (CREB) and c-fos in the spinal dorsal horn in a rat model of neuropathic pain.Methods Fifty-four adult male Wistar rats,aged 6-8 weeks,weighing 180-220 g,were randomly divided into 3 groups (n =18 each):sham operation group (group S),chronic neuropathic pain group (group C) and dexmedetomidine group (group D).The animals were anesthetized with intraperitoneal 10% chloral hydrate 350 mg/kg.The sciatic nerve was exposed and 4 ligatures were placed on the right sciatic nerve at 1 mm intervals with 4-0 silk thread in C and D groups.In group D,dexmedetomidine 50 μg/kg was injected intraperitoneally once a day starting from the end of operation until 1 day before the animals were sacrificed,while the equal volme of normal saline was injected instead of dexmedetomidine in S and C groups.Paw withdrawal threshold to mechanical stimulation with yon Frey filament (MWT) and paw withdrawal latency to thermal stimulation (TWL) were measured on 1 day before operation and 3,7 and 14 days after operation.The animals were sacrificed after measurement of MWT and TWL.Their lumbar segments (L4-6) of the spinal cord were removed for measurement of the expression of phosphorylated CREB (pCREB) and c-fos by immunohistochemistry.Results Compared with group S,MWT was significantly decreased,TWL was shortened,and the expression of pCREB and c-fos was up-regulated on 3,7 and 14 days after operation in C and D groups (P < 0.05).Compared with group C,MWT was significantly increased,TWL was prolonged,and the expression of pCREB and c-fos was down-regulated on 3,7 and 14 days after operation in group D (P < 0.05).MWT was significantly lower,and TWL was shorter on 3,7 and 14 days after operation than on 1 day before operation in C and D groups (P < 0.05).MWT was significantly lower,TWL was shorter,and the expression of pCREB and c-fos was higher on 7 and 14 days after operation than on 3 days after operation in C and D groups (P < 0.05).MWT was significantly higher,TWL was longer,and the expression of pCREB and c-fos was lower on 14 days after operation than on 7 days after operation in C and D groups (P < 0.05).Conclusion The mechanism by which dexmedetomidine reduces neuropathic pain is related to inhibition of the activity of CREB and c-fos in the spinal dorsal horn of rats.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-443990

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the relevance between the point-of-care testing (POCT) and routine test in BNP testing .Meth-ods The whole blood samples or plasma samples from 40 inpatients were detected brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) by the Alere Triage? MeterPro fluorescence immunoassay analyzer (POCT ) or the Beckman Coulter Access ?2 chemiluminescence analyzer (routine test) ,respectively .The acquired data were subjected to comparative analysis according to the CLCS EP 9-A2 .Results The linear regression of the BNP content in the blood samples detected by POCT and the routine test was good ,the correlation coeffi-cient(r) was 0 .999 7 .Conclusion POCT and the routine test have good correlation in BNP testing .POCT for BNP testing has higher reliability and is applicable for clinical detection .

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-437999

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the possibility of transfection of adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADMSCs) into the insulin-secreting cells in vitro,and assay the secretion of insulin of ADMSCs in high and low glucose environment.Methods The ADMSCs that untransfected were in the control group,the ADMSCs that contained PcDNA3.1 were in the vacant vector group,and the ADMSCs that contained PcDNA3.1-hINS were in the recombinant vector group.After transfection,the recombinant vector group were sub-divided into the 1,6,12,18 days groups.According to the concentrations of glucose,the recombinant vector 18 days group were divided into the high glucose group and low glucose group.Human insulin gene was amplified by RT-PCR,and the eukaryotic expression recombinant vector PcDNA3.1-hINS that contained the human insulin gene was constructed.The ADMSCs were obtained by digestion and centrifugation,and then underwent flow cytometry for identification.The transcription of insulin DNA was assayed by RT-PCR,and the levels of insulin were assayed by ELISA.Glucose test was done in the recombinant vector 18 days group.The measurement data was shown in the format of (x) ± s,the measurement data in multiple groups were compared by randomized analysis of variance,and the comparison among groups was performed by the t test.ResuIts The expressions of CD44,CD90,CD106 were positive,and the expressions of CD34,CD45 and CD11b were negative.No insulin DNA transcription was detected in the control group and vacant vector group.The levels of insulin secreted were (4.7 ± 0.8) mIU/L,(8.8 ± 0.5) mIU/L,(8.9 ± 0.8)mIU/L,(8.6 ± 0.6)mIU/L in the recombinant vector 1,6,12,18 days group,which were significantly higher than (1.3 ± 0.6) mIU/L in the control group and (1.7 ± 0.8) mIU/L in the vacant vector group (t =10.09,32.64,22.20,55.53 ; 9.23,27.56,19.43,51.25,P < 0.05).There were significant differences in the levels of insulin secreted between the recombinant vector 1 day group and the recombinant vector 6,12,18 days groups (t =12.77,12.26,13.93,P <0.05).There were no significant difference in the levels of insulin secreted between the recombinant vector 6,12,18 days groups (F =45.67,P > 0.05).There was a significant difference in the level of insulin secreted between the high glucose group and the low glucose group (t =2.03,P < 0.05).The result of the glucose stimulation test was negative.Conclusion The ADMSCs are transfected into insulinsecreting cells in vitro successfully,and the secretion of insulin is stable.Although the secretion of insulin can't change in line with the concentration of glucose,it is a new seed cell for the treatment of diabetes with stem cells.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-436963

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of dexmedetornidine on the expression of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) and nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) in the spinal cord in rats with neuropathic pain (NP).Methods One hundred and eight male Wistar rats,aged 6-8 weeks,weighing 180-220 g,were randomly assigned into 3 groups (n =36 each):sham operation group (group S),NP group and dexmedetomidine group (group D).NP was induced by chronic constrictive injury in anesthetized rats.Sciatic nerve was exposed and 4 loose ligatures were placed on the sciatic nerve at 1 mm intervals with 4-0 silk thread.In group S,the right sciatic nerves were exposed,but not ligated.Dexmedetomidine 50 μg/kg was injected intraperitoneally once a day from the onset of operation to one day before the rats were sacrificed in group D,while the equal volume of normal saline was injected in groups S and NP.Mechanical withdrawal threshold (MWT) and thermal pain threshold (TPT) were measured on the day before operation (T0) and 3,7,and 14 days after operation (T1-3).After measurement of pain threshold at T1,T2 and T3 after operation,the L4-6 segments of the spinal cord were removed for determination of the expres-sion of TLR4 and NF-κB mRNA (by RT-PCR) and the expression of TLR4 and NF-κB in spinal dorsal horn (by immuno-histochemistry).Results Compared with group S,MWT and TPT were significantly decreased and the expression of TLR4,NF-κB and TLR4 and NF-κB mRNA was up-regulated after operation in groups NP and D (P < 0.05).Compared with group NP,TPT and MWT were significantly increased and the expression of TLR4,NF-κB,TLR4 mRNA and NF-κB mRNA was significantly down-regulated after operation in group D (P < 0.05).Conclusion The mechanism by which dexmedetomidine attenuates NP in rats is related to inhibition of the expression of TLR4 and NF-κB in rat spinal cord.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-436299

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of Sulfotanshinone Sodium Injection (SSI) on neuropathic pain in rats.Methods One hundred and eight adult male Wistar rats,aged 6-8 weeks,weighing 180-220 g,were randomly divided into 3 groups (n =36 each):sham operation group (group S) ; chronic constrictive injury (CCI)group; group SSI.The animals were anesthetized with intraperitoneal 10% chloral hydrate 350 mg/kg.In groups CCI and SSI,4 ligatures were placed on the right sciatic nerve at 1 mm intervals with 4-0 silk thread according to the method described by Bennett et al.In group S,the right sciatic nerves were exposed,but not ligated.In group SSI,SSI 25 mg/kg was injected intraperitoneally once a day starting from the end of operation until one day before the animals were sacrificed,while the rats received the equal volume of normal saline (5 ml/kg) instead of SSI in groups S and CCI.Twelve animals in each group were chosen at 1 day before operation and 3,7 and 14 days after CCI (T1-4) to measure mechanical paw withdrawal threshold to yon Frey stimuli (MWT) and paw withdrawal latency to thermal nociceptive stimulus (TWL).Six rats in each group were sacrificed at T2-4 after measurement of pain threshold,and their lumbar segnents (L4-6) of the spinal cord were immediately removed for determination of Bcl2 and caspase-3 expression in spinal dorsal horn (by immune-histochemistry),and MDA content and SOD activity (by spectrophotometry) in spinal cord.Results Compared with group S,PWT was significantly decreased,PWL was shortened,the expression of Bcl-2 and caspase-3 was up-regulated,MDA content was increased and SOD activity was decreased at T2-4 in groups CCI and SSI (P < 0.05).Compared with group CNP,PWT was significantly increased,PWL was prolonged,the expression of Bcl-2 was up-regulated,the expression of caspase-3 was downregulated,MDA content was decreased and SOD activity was increased at T2-4 in group SSI (P < 0.05).Conclusion SSI can mitigate neuropathic pain in rats and inhibition of oxidative stress in spinal cord tissues and reduction of apoptosis in spinal dorsal horn neurons are involved in the mechanism.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-442848

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of dexmedetomidine and small dose of ketamine on the expression of P2X4 receptor (P2X4 R) mRNA and P2X7 receptor (P2X7R) mRNA in the dorsal root ganglion of rats with neuropathic pain.Methods Ninety male Sprague-Dawley rats,aged 6-9 weeks,weighing 180-220 g,were randomly divided into 5 groups (n =18 each):sham group (group S),chronic constrictive injury group (group CCI),dexmedetomidine group (group D),ketamine group (group K) and dexmedetomidine + ketamine group (group DK).The animals were anesthetized with intraperitoneal 10% chloral hydrate 400 mg/kg.Neuropathic pain was induced by CCI in CCI,D,K and DK groups.The sciatic nerve was exposed and 4 loose ligatures were placed on the sciatic nerve at 1mmintervals with 4-0 silk thread.In group S,the sciatic nerves were only exposed but not ligated.In D,K and DK groups,dexmedetomidine 50μg/kg,ketamine 10 mg/kg and dexmedetomidine 25μg/kg + ketamine 5 mg/kg were injected intraperitoneally,respectively,while the equal volume of normal saline was injected in S and CCI groups,once a day for 14 consecutive days after CCI.Mechanical paw withdrawal threshold (MWT) and thermal paw withdrawal latency (TWL) were measured at 1 day before CCI,and 3,7 and 14 days after CCI.Six animals were sacrificed after measurement of pain threshold at 3,7 and 14 days after CCI and the lumbar segments (L4-6) of the dorsal root ganglion were removed for determination of P2X4 R mRNA and P2X7 R mRNA expression by RT-PCR.Results Compared with group S,MWT and TWL were significantly decreased at 3,7 and 14 days after CCI in groups CCI,D,K and DK,the expression of P2X4R mRNA and P2X7R mRNA was up-regulated at 3,7 and 14 days after CCI in groups CCI,D and K,and the expression of P2X4 R mRNA and P2X7 R mRNA was up-regulated at 3 and 7 days after CCI in group DK (P < 0.05).Compared with group CCI,TWL and MWT were significantly increased and the expression of P2X4 R mRNA and P2X7 R mRNA was down-regulated at 3,7 and 14 days after CCI in groups D,K and DK (P < 0.05).Compared with D and K groups,TWL and MWT were significantly increased and the expression of P2X4 R mRNA and P2X7 R mRNA was down-regulated at 3,7 and 14 days after CCI in group DK (P < 0.05).Conclusion The mechanism by which the combination of dexmedetomidine and small dose of ketamine produces a synergistic antinociception in rats with neuropathic pain may be related to down-regulation of the expression of P2X4 R mRNA and P2X7 R mRNA.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-425239

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the clinical efficacy and angiographic outcomes of balloon dilation angioplasty,balloon-expandable stent implantation and self-expanding stent implantation in the treatment of intracranial arterial stenosis.Methods The patients with intracranial arterial stenosis who met the indications of surgical intervention treated with balloon dilatation angioplasty and stent placement were selected from Nanjing Stroke Registry Program.According to the different interventional procedures,the patients were divided into the balloon expandable stenting goup,the self-expanding stents group and the balloon dilatation angioplasty group.The success rate of surgery,the perioperative complication rate and the significant residual stenosis rate were compared among the three groups.The clinical and angiographic assessments were performed through 1-,3-,6-,12- and 24-month regular outpatient or inpatient follow-up after procedure.The incidences of ischemic stroke and/or death and restenosis within 2 years were compared.Multivariate Cox proportional hazards analysis was used to analyze the risk factors for recurrent ischemic stroke and/or death and restenosis.Results A total of 183 patients with 192 stenoses performed balloon dilatation angioplasty or stenting,in which 92 were in the balloon expandable stenting goup,42 were in the self-expanding stents goup and 49 in the balloon dilatation angioplasty group.Their preoperative stenosis rates were 80.2 ±12.8% 、76.3 ± 11.9% and 89.7 ± 10.2%,respectively (F =15.863,P =0.000).There were no significant differences in other baseline data.The success rates of surgery in the balloon expandable stenting group,self-expanding stents group and balloon dilatation angioplasty group were 96.7%,95.2% and 91.8%,respectively (x2 =1.646,P =0.439).The perioperative complication rates were 6.5%,14.3% and 10.2%,respectively (Fisher exact test,P=0.334).The imaging follow-up showed that the restenosis rate in the balloon dilatation angioplasty group was 48.5%.Although it was high than 27.7% in the balloon expandable stenting group and 34.8% in the self-expanding stents group,there were no significant differences (x2 =4.176,P =0.124).Multivariate Cox proportional hazards analysis showed that balloon dilatation angioplasty was an independent risk factor for restenosis after procedure (hazard ratio 2.490,95% confidence interval 1.247- 4.969,P=0.010).Conclusions Compared to the balloon expandable stenting,the balloon dilatation angioplasty is more likely to have restenosis,but it is not associated with the risks of postoperative recurrent ischemic stroke and/or death.

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Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal ; (24): 590-594, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-860755

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To study the activity of TQHXD on the learning and memory ability of rats with vascular dementia(VD) and its effects on the content of Ach in cerebral cortex. And to investigate the action mechanism of TQHXD on VD in rats. METHODS: VD model was made by common carotid artery injection of a co-thrombus inducer. The 8-arm radial maze experiment was adopted to evaluate the times of working memory errors and reference memory errors. The changes of the pathological area in hippocampus CA1 were observed by optical microscope. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to determine the concentration of Ach in rats cerebral cortex. RESULTS: High and middle dose of TQXHD significantly reduce the times of working memory errors and reference memory errors (P<0.01), definitely improved the anormalies of pathological area in hippocampal CA1, and significantly increased the content of Ach in cerebral cortex (P<0.01). CONCLUSION: TQHXD can significantly ameliorate the learning and memory ability of in VD rats. The mechanism may be related to the improvement of the vertebral body cells anomalies in the hippocampal CA1 region and increasing the content of the Ach in cerebral cortex. Copyright 2012 by the Chinese Pharmaceutical Association.

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