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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940561

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveIn order to establish a systematic quality evaluation system for Fritillariae Cirrhosae Bulbus adulteration, portable near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy was used to identify Fritillariae Cirrhosae Bulbus and its adulterants and detect their adulteration quantity. MethodA total of 72 batches of Fritillariae Cirrhosae Bulbus samples were collected and 570 batches of adulterated products (dry bulbs of Fritillaria thunbergii, F. ussuriensis, F. pallidiflora and F. hupehensis, Bulbus Tulipae, flour) were prepared, NIR spectral data of samples were collected by the portable NIR spectrometer. Linear discriminant analysis (LDA) was used to establish the qualitative correction models of Fritillariae Cirrhosae Bulbus-adulterants and adulterants of different categories, partial least squares (PLS) was used to establish the quantitative correction models of adulteration quantity of different kinds of adulterants. ResultThe recognition rates of qualitative analysis model of Fritillariae Cirrhosae Bulbus and its adulterants were 99.49% (calibration set) and 100.00% (validation set), respectively. In different adulterant models, the recognition rates of calibration set and validation set were 70.47% and 73.68%, respectively. Moreover, the correlation coefficients of validation set (R2P) of the six quantitative models of adulteration ratio were 0.840 2 (Fritillariae Cirrhosae Bulbus adulterated with F. thunbergii dry bulbs), 0.960 2 (Fritillariae Cirrhosae Bulbus adulterated with F. ussuriensis dry bulbs), 0.765 7 (Fritillariae Cirrhosae Bulbus adulterated with F. pallidiflora dry bulbs), 0.902 5 (Fritillariae Cirrhosae Bulbus adulterated with F. hupehensis dry bulbs), 0.957 4 (Fritillariae Cirrhosae Bulbus adulterated with Bulbus Tulipae), 0.976 1 (Fritillariae Cirrhosae Bulbus adulterated with flour), the root mean square error of prediction (RMSEP) were 10.948 5, 5.463 9, 13.256 4, 8.549 2, 5.655 3, 4.235 6, respectively. The two qualitative models and six quantitative models showed good prediction performance. ConclusionThe portable NIR spectroscopy can be used to identify Fritillariae Cirrhosae Bulbus and its adulterants in real time, the method is rapid and accurate, which can meet the requirements of nondestructive identification of Fritillariae Cirrhosae Bulbus on site.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887962

ABSTRACT

The aim of this paper was to investigate the effect of Banxia Xiexin Decoction(BXD) on inflammatory factors and intestinal flora in a dextran sulfate sodium induced ulcerative colitis(DSS-UC) mouse model, and to explore the mechanism of BXD in treating ulcerative colitis from the perspective of flora disorder. Forty C57 BL/6 J mice were randomly divided into control group, model group and BXD group. A 2.5% DSS-induced ulcerative colitis model was established. On the 8 th day, normal saline, normal saline, and BXD were given daily for 14 days. After 14 days, HE staining was used to observe histopathological changes of the colon. Serum inflammatory factor content was detected by ELISA, and the change of intestinal flora in mice feces was detected by 16 S rRNA sequencing technology. Compared with control group, the colonic tissue of mice in model group was damaged seriously, and the contents of IL-6 and TNF-α in serum were significantly increased(P<0.05). Compared with model group, mice in BXD group had less colonic damage, and the contents of IL-6, TNF-α in serum were decreased significantly(P<0.05). After creation, the richness of Patescibacteria was increased significantly at the phylum level(P<0.05). At the same time, the richness of Faecalibaculum(P<0.01), norank_f_Muribaculaceae(P<0.01) were decreased significantly at the genus level, while the richness of Turicibacter(P<0.01), Romboutsia(P<0.01), Clostridium_sensu_stricto_1(P<0.01) were increased significantly. After the intervention with BXD, the content of Patescibacteria was significantly reduced at the phylum level(P<0.05), and the contents of Lactobacillus(P<0.01), Clostri-dium_sensu_stricto_1(P<0.01), Enterorhabdus(P<0.01), Candidatus_Saccharimonas(P<0.05), Eubacterium_fissicatena_group(P<0.05) were decreased significantly at the genus level, while the contents of Dubosiella, Bacteroides and Allobaculum were increased significantly. Therefore, BXD could significantly improve the symptoms of DSS-UC mice. It not only could reduce the contents of IL-6 and TNF-α, but also could reduce the richness of Patescibacteria at the phylum level, and those of Clostridium_sensu_stricto_1, Candidatus_Saccharimonas, Eubacterium_fissicatena_group at the genus level. Inaddition, BXD could increase the richness of Bacteroides and Bifidobacterium. It suggested that BXD could play a role in the treatment of ulcerative colitis partially through reducing inflammatory factors and regulating the structure of the gut microbiota.


Subject(s)
Animals , Colitis , Colitis, Ulcerative/drug therapy , Colon , Dextran Sulfate/toxicity , Disease Models, Animal , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Sulfates
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878881

ABSTRACT

In order to provide rationale for selection of good germplasm in Rubus chingii, main effective medicinal ingredients of green fruit such as gallic acid, ellagic acid, kaempferol-3-rutinoside, astragalin and tiliroside were measured using UPLC for the samples collected from Chun'an county of Zhejiang province, and such parameters as soluble solid contents of ripe fruit of some samples were also measured to study variation among individuals and correlation. It has been found that there were differences among individuals in the contents of gallic acid, ellagic acid, kaempferol-3-rutinoside, astragalin and tiliroside, which ranged from 0.010 2%-0.027 4%, 0.089 5%-0.291 1%, 0.010 5%-0.114 8%, 0.005 8%-0.041 2% and 0.010 9%-0.086 3%, respectively, with a CV of 18.60%, 27.02%, 44.23%, 44.17% and 47.29%, respectively. Gallic acid was positively correlated with ellagic acid, but negatively with kaempferol-3-rutinoside and astragalin significantly. Significantly positive correlation existed between kaempferol-3-rutinoside, astragalin and linden glycoside as well as between ellagic acid and fruit shape index of ripe fruit and between linden glycoside and the content of soluble solids. 51.35% of the individuals had a content of soluble solids more than 15%. Therefore, abundant variations have been found among individuals in effective medicinal ingredients in R. chingii, which shows great potential for selection, but only do 7.61% of the individuals meet the requirement of Chinese pharmacopoeia in terms of the contents of effective medicinal ingredients. Therefore, selection could be first performed in terms of fruit shape index of ripe red fruit, followed by the contents of ellagic acid and kaempferol-3-rutinoside measured. The individuals, in which the contents of effective medicinal ingredients don't meet the requirement of Chinese pharmacopoeia, could be considered for the selection in terms of edible fresh fruit.


Subject(s)
Ellagic Acid , Fruit , Glycosides , Humans , Plant Extracts , Rubus
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882650

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between caspase recruitment domain protein 9 (CARD9) level and inflammatory response in cerebral tissue of ischemic brain injury mice.Methods:Totally 24 SPF BALB/c male mice were randomly(random number) divided into 4 groups: sham operated group, ischemia 3 h group, ischemia 6 h group, and ischemia 12 h group, 6 mice in each group. The permanant middle cerebral artery occlusion (pMCAO) model in the ischemia groups was established by using line embolism to block blood flow. Mice in each group were sacrificed at the predetermined time point after operation. CARD9 and p-p65NF-κB levels were detected by Western blot, and the inflammatory factors mRNA and protein including TNF-ɑ, IL-lβ and IL-6 were detected by RT-PCR and ELISA, respectively. The data were analyzed by SPSS 21.0 software, the comparison of measurement data between each two groups was analyzed by independent sample t test, and the correlations between CARD9 and inflammatory factors were analyzed by Pearson analysis. Results:Compared with the sham operated group, the CARD9 levels in the ischemia 3 h, 6 h and 12 h groups were increased significantly [(0.325±0.011) vs. (0.462±0.019), P=0.036; (0.735±0.036), P=0.003; (0.903±0.024), P=0.001], the p-p65NF-κB levels in the ischemia 3 h, 6 h and 12 h groups were increased significantly [(0.227±0.016) vs. (0.316±0.017), P=0.041; (0.445±0.021), P=0.016; (0.671±0.039), P=0.008], the TNF-ɑ levels in the ischemia 3 h, 6 h and 12 h groups were significantly increased [(0.53±0.06) vs. (1.06±0.10), P=0.009; (1.47±0.15), P=0.004; (2.78±0.18), P=0.001], the IL-lβ levels in the ischemia 3 h, 6 h and 12 h groups were significantly increased [(0.55±0.07) vs. (1.01±0.11), P=0.009; (2.13±0.16), P=0.003; (3.09±0.18), P=0.001], and the IL-6 levels in the ischemia 3 h, 6 h and 12 h groups were significantly increased [(1.99±0.18) vs. (4.10±0.41), P=0.006; (8.54±0.84), P=0.002; (11.56±0.96), P=0.001]. Pearson analysis showed that CARD9 was positively correlated with the p-p65NF-κB and TNF-ɑ, IL-lβ, IL-6 ( r=0.894, P=0.001; r=0.747, P=0.008; r=0.810, P=0.001; r=0.773, P=0.007). Conclusions:A positive correlation exists between CARD9 and inflammatory responses in the early stage of ischemic brain injury in mice

5.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 361-365, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907185

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical features, diagnosis and differential diagnosis of splenic marginal zone lymphoma.Methods:The clinical diagnosis and differential diagnosis processes of 3 cases of CD5 - CD10 - B cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma with splenomegaly and cytopenia who were admitted to Tongji Hospital of Tongji Medical College of Huazhong University of Science and Technology in 2019 were retrospectively analyzed, and the relevant literature was reviewed. Results:The 3 cases were all elderly patients with varying degrees of splenomegaly and cytopenia. CD5 - CD10 - monoclonal B lymphocytes were found in the bone marrow or lymph nodes. Based on the patient's clinical characteristics, peripheral blood and bone marrow morphology, immunophenotype and genetic characteristics, 2 patients were diagnosed as splenic marginal zone lymphoma, and 1 patient was diagnosed as diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Conclusions:The diagnosis of splenic marginal zone lymphoma requires comprehensive analysis of clinical characteristics, peripheral blood and bone marrow morphology, immunophenotype and genetic characteristics. Careful differentiation from other CD5 - CD10 - small B-cell lymphomas is also needed. The next-generation gene mutation high-throughput sequencing and mutational spectrum analysis will help the accurate diagnosis of atypical and difficult cases.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905203

ABSTRACT

Objective:To systematically evaluate the effect of brain-computer interface (BCI) on upper-limb motor function after stroke, and compare the effects under different interfaces. Methods:Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) about BCI for upper-limb motor function after stroke were retrieved from databases of PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, CNKI, Wanfang Data and CBM, from inception to October, 2020. The quality of the trials was assessed and the data were extracted according to the Cochrane Handbook of Systematic Review. A meta-analysis was carried out with RevMan 5.3 and ADDIS 1.16.8. Results:Ultimately, 14 RCTs involving 504 patients were included. Meta-analysis showed that BCI could obviously improve the Fugl-Meyer Assessment-Upper Extremities (FMA-UE) score (MD = 6.81, 95%CI 1.51 to 12.11, P < 0.05), Action Research Arm Test score (MD = 7.68, 95%CI 0.49 to 14.88, P < 0.05) and modified Barthel Index score (MD = 8.91, 95%CI 5.57 to 12.25, P < 0.001) after stroke. Subgroup analysis showed that FMA-UE score could be improved by BCI for both more than four weeks (MD = 9.44, 95%CI 1.83 to 17.04, P < 0.05) and less than four weeks (MD = 5.18, 95%CI 2.84 to 7.51, P < 0.001). For the types of interface, the probabilities of the best effects from network meta-analysis ranked as electrical stimulator (P = 0.53), visual feedback (P = 0.41) and machine assistance (P = 0.06). Conclusion:BCI, especially with electrical stimulator interface, could obviously improve upper-limb motor function and activities of daily living for stroke patients.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904623

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the changes of mitochondrial metabolic functions of macrophages following Echinococcus multilocularis infections, so as to provide insights into the pathogenesis of alveolar echinococcosis. Methods Two groups were assigned according to different treatment methods. In the culture group, mouse leukemic monocyte macrophage RAW264.7 cells were cultured with 2 000 E. multilocularis at a ratio of 500∶1, while RAW264.7 cells in the control group were given no treatment. Then, both the culture and control groups were further divided into the 24 h and 72 h subgroups. Mitochondria were stained with MitoTracker® Deep Red FM and the mean fluorescence intensity of macrophage mitochondria was measured with the Cytation 5 Cell Imaging Multi-Mode Reader. The mitochondrial DNA copy number was quantified using the quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) assay, and the mitochondrial energy metabolism was monitored using the Seahorse XF assay. In addition, the mitochondrial reactive oxygen species and mitochondrial membrane potential were detected using flow cytometry. Results The mean fluorescence intensities of macrophage mitochondria were significantly lower in the 24 h (15 341 ± 2 532 vs. 17 823 ± 3 429; t = 6.379, P < 0.01) and 72 h (18 102 ± 3 505 vs. 21 511 ± 5 144; t = 17.680, P < 0.01) culture subgroups than in the corresponding control subgroups, and lower mitochondrial DNA copy numbers were measured in the 72 h culture subgroup than in the 72 h control group [(3.23 × 109 ± 1.78 × 107) vs. (4.39 × 109 ± 3.70 × 107); t = 8.85, P < 0.001]. The oxygen consumption rates were significantly greater in the 24 h [(241.70 ± 73.13) pmol/min vs. (69.05 ± 52.30) pmol/min; t = 7.89, P < 0.01] and 48 h culture groups [(249.50 ± 42.06) pmol/min vs. (60.28 ± 40.66) pmol/min; t = 8.64, P < 0.01] than in the corresponding control groups, and a higher extracellular acidification rate was seen in the 48 h culture group than in the 48 h control group ([ 111.6 ± 17.49) mpH/min vs. (35.05 ± 7.57) mpH/min; t = 16.90, P < 0.01]. In addition, flow cytometry detected higher mean fluorescence intensity of mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (58 264 ± 10 087 vs. 4 307 ± 97; t = 12.930, P < 0.01) and lower mitochondrial membrane potential (9.833% ± 2.285% vs. 2.667% ± 0.208%; t = 6.645, P < 0.01) in the 72 h culture group than in the control group. Conclusions E. multilocularis infection may impair mitochondrial functions and inhibit oxidative phosphorylation of macrophages, resulting in increased macrophage glycolysis. It is speculated that the alteration of macrophage metabolic states may contribute to the mechanisms underlying the development and progression of alveolar echinococcosis.

8.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 654-659, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912220

ABSTRACT

Objective:To verify the accuracy of the Kyoto classification score of gastritis for the endoscopic prediction of the Helicobacter pylori( H. pylori)infection in Chinese population. Methods:From June 2020 to January 2021, at the Digestive Endoscopy Center of the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang Chinese Medical University, the clinical data of 489 patients who underwent gastroscopy examination were collected and the gastric mucosal manifestations under white light endoscopy (including atrophy, intestinal metaplasia, widening of gastric fold, nodularity, diffuse redness, white sticky mucus, etc.) were recorded according to the Kyoto classification of gastritis. H. pylori infection of the patients was determined according to 13C-urea breath test, histopathological examination and anti- H. pylori antibody test. The Kyoto classification score of gastritis of each patient was calculated. The sensitivity, specificity and odds ratio( OR)(95% confidence interval(95% CI)) of various endoscopic appearances in prediction of H. pylori infection were analyzed. Chi-square test was used for statistical analysis. Results:Among the 489 patients, 246 patients had H. pylori infection and 243 patients did not have H. pylori infection. There were 242 patients with Kyoto gastritis score ≥ 2, among them 215 cases had H. pylori infection and 27 cases did not have H. pylori infection. The accuracy of Kyoto classification score of gastritis in predition of H. pylori infection was 88.14% (431/489). Among the five indexes of the Kyoto classification score of gastritis, there was no significant difference in the incidence of intestinal metaplasia between patients with H. pylori infection and patients without H. pylori infection ( P>0.05). The incidence rates of atrophy, widening of gastric fold, nodularity and diffuse redness were higher in patients with H. pylori infection than those in patients without H. pylori infection (68.3%, 140/205 vs. 31.7%, 65/205; 95.2%, 99/104 vs.4.8%, 5/104; 89.7%, 35/39, vs.10.3%, 4/39; 85.0%, 227/267 vs.15.0%, 40/267), and the differences were statistically significant ( χ2=45.68, 106.46, 26.37 and 283.48, all P<0.01). The sensitivity, specificity and OR (95% CI) of atrophy, widening of gastric fold, nodularity and diffuse redness in prediction of H. pylori infection were 56.91%, 73.25%, and 3.62 (2.47 to 5.29); 40.24%, 97.94% and 32.06 (12.76 to 80.57); 14.23%, 98.35%, 9.91 (3.47 to 28.35); and 92.28%, 83.54% and 60.63 (34.02 to 108.08), respectively. The sensitivity and specificity of atrophy in prediction of H. pylori infection were low, and the diagnostic efficacy was general. The incidence rates of white sticky mucus and spotty redness of the gastric fundus and body were higher in patients with H. pylori infection than those in patients without H. pylori infection (86.5%, 32/37 vs. 13.5%, 5/37; 86.9%, 146/168, vs. 13.1%, 22/168), and the differences were statistically significant ( χ2=20.96 and 137.12, both P<0.01). The sensitivity, specificity, and OR (95% CI) of the two indicators in prediction of H. pylori infection were 13.01%, 97.94% and 7.12 (2.72 to 18.60), and 59.35%, 90.95%and 14.67(8.84 to 24.34), respectively, and the diagnostic efficacy was ideal. Conclusions:The Kyoto classification score of gastritis used for the endoscopic prediction of H. pylori infection is suitable for Chinese population. However, from the perspective of individual indicator, the diagnostic efficiency of atrophy and intestinal metaplasia is unsatisfactory. At the same time, attention should be paid to whether there is sticky mucus or spotty redness of the gastric fundus and body.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912180

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy and safety of cold snare polypectomy (CSP) and hot snare polypectomy (HSP) for the removal of colorectal polyps of 10-15 mm.Methods:A total of 173 polyps of 154 patients with at least one polyp of 10-15 mm were resected under colonoscopy from December 2019 to December 2020. Based on Paris classification, the polyps were divided into Ⅰsp, Ⅰs and Ⅱa. According to random number table, the polyps were randomly divided into CSP group ( n=85) and HSP group ( n=88). The polyp size, location, morphology, histological classification, complete resection rate, incidence of complications, resection time and the number of prophylactic clips were compared between the two groups. Results:There were no significant differences in age, sex, indication of colonoscopy or the success rate of intubation at the end of ileum between the two groups. The polyps of the two groups were comparable in size, position, morphology and histological classification. There were no significant differences in the complete resection rate of polyps, rates of intraoperative bleeding and postoperative bleeding or perforation between the CSP group and the HSP group. The operation time in CSP group was significantly shorter than that in HSP group (63.5 ±23.6 s VS 184.3 ±62.4 s, P<0.05). The number of prophylactic clips used in CSP group was significantly less than that in HSP group (0.8±0.5 VS 1.4±0.7, P<0.05). Conclusion:CSP shows similar complete resection rate and complication incidence, and requires shorter operation time and fewer prophylactic clips, compared with HSP, in the resection of colorectal sessile polyps of 10-15 mm.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880410

ABSTRACT

With the continuous improvement of the difficulty of surgery, we need to investigate and analyze the current situation, to understand the structure and related attributes of medical consumables. Rely on the information construction of medical consumables; Improve the supervision method and further improve the refined management effect; Establish multi-modal procurement management; Improve management methods; Maximize the benefits of transformation structure and study the trace management of medical consumables in the key areas of the hospital's full life process at the same time. Provide data decision-making services for hospitals through the early warning management of medical consumables based on clinical quality management, and use tools such as HB-HTA to further construct a reasonable evaluation system for medical consumables.


Subject(s)
Equipment and Supplies, Hospital , Hospitals , Materials Management, Hospital
11.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1124-1131, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821505

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To systematically evaluate the safety of Chloral hydr ate(CH)oral solution for sedative and hypnotic in children,and to provide evidence-based reference for clinical use. METHODS :Retrieved from 9 electronic databases (PubMed, Cochrane Library ,Embase,CINAHL,International Pharmaceuticals ,CNKI,CBM,Wanfang Database ,VIP),3 clinical trial registry platforms (Clinical Trials ,Cochrane Clinical Trial Database ,WHO Clinical Trial Database )and 18 adverse drug reaction (ADR)monitoring systems (ADR monitoring websites of WHO ,USA,Switzerland,China and other countries/areas/international organizations),during the date of database establishment to March 2019,the reports of randomized controlled trials ,cohort studies,case-control studies ,case series studies ,case reports , cross-sectional studies and adverse reactions monitoring network of chloral hydrate versus other interventions (blank 85503205。E-mail:chenzhehx@163.com control,placebo or other sedative hypnotics )for children ’s sedative and hypnotic safety were collected. After data extraction of included literatures met inclusion criteria ,quality mail:zhanglingli@scu.edu.cn evaluation of included s tudies with Cochrane bias risk evaluation manual (RCT),Newcastle-Ottawa scale evaluation tool (Cohort study and case control study ),Australian JBI quality assessment tool (case series study and case report study ),Meta-analysis was performed by Rev Man 5.3 software,or descriptive analysis was conducted. RESULTS :A total of 54 studies were included ,among which there were 13 RCTs,9 cohort studies ,17 case series studies ,13 case reports ,and 2 reports from ADR monitoring network. Based on the results of RCT and cohort studies , the incidence of Chloral hydrate oral solution adverse events was 7.25%. There was no statistical significance in the incidence of digestive system [RR =0.87,95% CI(0.14,5.42),P=0.88],nervous system [RR =0.13,95% CI(0.01,2.41),P=0.17], cardiovascular system [RR =2.12,95% CI(0.08,56.57),P=0.65] adverse event between Chloral hydrate oral solution and midazolam. The incidence of respiratory system adverse events induced by Chloral hydrate oral solution was higher than that of midazolam [RR =3.07,95%CI(1.94,4.86),P<0.01]. There was no statistical significance in the incidence of digestive system adverse events between Chloral hydrate oral solution and diazepam [RR =0.71,95%CI(0.47,1.10),P=0.13]. There was no statistical significance in the incidence of digestive system ,nervous system and cardiovascular system adverse events between Chloral hydrate oral solution and barbiturates (P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS :Chloral hydrate oral solution is similar to midazolam , diazepam and barbiturates in terms of digestive ,nervous and cardiovascular systems adverse events ,but the incidence of respiratory system adverse events is higher than midazolam.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865966

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the demand and practical utility of simulation operations specialists (SOS) in simulation teaching modules during the standardized residency training.Methods:Based on the feedback for stimulated courses of standardized residency training, subjective evaluation of all residents, teachers and SOS who participated in simulation courses in 2017-2018 academic year were investigated and studied via the mobile phone online investigation. At the same time, the design data of teaching concept map of relevant curriculum were also included. The SPSS 13.0 was used to conduct the t test and chi-square test. Results:At present, only 26.3% of the preset functions were used in the medical simulation courses based on high-tech medical simulator. Tutors commanded less than 30% functions, while SOS participated in the whole process of the course preparation and commanded 63.6% of the course operations, which was higher than the requirement of teaching concept map (45.5%). Among them, ECG monitoring regulation, venous management and special effects makeup were in greatest needs and were items with the biggest gap between ideality and reality. Resident physicians required SOS to replace the tutors to operate teaching facilities, so as to reduce interruption (37.0%), implications (31.3%) during courses, and improvement of experience sense during the course (32.3%). Furthermore, specialists with clinical background needed more assistance from SOS than those without clinical background ( tQ3=3.204, tQ4=2.573, tQ5=2.660; P<0.05). Differences were found between the actual work content of SOS and their job requirement ( χ2=12.632, P<0.01). Conclusion:SOS plays a significant role in the simulation course of standardized residency training, especially in the course of clinical professional physicians. Auxiliary functions of simulated courses, such as teaching aids management, special effects makeup, course designing, qualified SP and others are the main necessities for SOS at present. Participation of tutors and SOS together is essential to ensure a good development and performance of medical simulation courses for standardized residency training.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865770

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the application of students as standardized patients in orthopedical practice teaching of foreign medical students.Methods:A total of 116 students who received Surgical practice teaching in Affiliated Renhe Hospital of China Three Gorges University from January 2014 to December 2017 were randomly divided into two groups. Bedside teaching model was adopted in the control group ( n=58) to help the interns manage the in-patients under the guidance of the teacher. Additional teaching using standardized patients was applied 1 to 2 times per week in the experimental group ( n=58) on the basis of control group. After the teaching, practical test and assessment survey were adopted to evaluate the effectiveness of teaching. SPSS 13.0 was used to analyze the data by t-test. Results:The scores of the practical test of the experimental group were significantly higher than those of control group, such as history taking [(15.23±3.15) vs. (13.56±3.54), P=0.008], physical examination [(17.24±4.23) vs. (10.32±3.75), P=0.000], and basic skill [(17.32±2.58) vs. (13.22±3.65), P=0.000]. The assessment survey showed that learning motivation [(8.25±1.04) vs. (4.82±0.93), P=0.000], and communication ability [(6.22±1.12) vs. (5.59±0.89), P=0.001] of the experimental group were effectively improved than those of the control group. Conclusion:The teaching mode using standardized patients can effectively improve the learning motivation and clinical practical skills of foreign medical students, as well as the teaching quality.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942749

ABSTRACT

Percutaneous laser ablation is a potential minimally invasive method for tumors. Before developing this technique, clinicians need a method that can easily understand and master the range of laser ablation. In response to clinical needs, we investigated the relationship between temperature and tissue damage during tissue ablation, and designed a temperature measurement device to help doctors grasp the laser ablation range simply and conveniently.


Subject(s)
Body Temperature , Humans , Laser Therapy , Temperature
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942740

ABSTRACT

This article researches how to allocate medical protective consumables in hospital and ensure the safety of emergency marketing procurement under the condition that people are easily susceptible to COVID-19. To inform medical staffs about the standard instruction, we establish the corresponding hierarchical control management system and standards of medical protective consumables. To reduce the stress of clinical medical staff and prevent excessive protection, we enhance the training mechanisms and promote the superior normative guidance. The aim is to fully play the effectiveness of the key departments of medical protective consumables, reduce the risk of infection of clinical medical staff and ensure the safety of medical staffs.


Subject(s)
Betacoronavirus , COVID-19 , Coronavirus Infections , Humans , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , SARS-CoV-2
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876181

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the epidemiological characteristics of COVID-19 epidemic in Huangpu District of Shanghai, and to provide scientific evidence for prevention and control of COVID-19. Methods Descriptive statistics were used to study the suspected and confirmed cases of COVID-19 reported from January 21 through March 10, 2020 in Huangpu District, Shanghai. Results A total of 120 suspected cases of COVID-19 were reported, of which 12 were diagnosed and 108 were excluded.The first confirmed case was reported on January 21, and the last case was on February 10; the majority (11/12) of the confirmed cases were reported from January 21 through February 1.The average duration of time from the symptom onset to the first medical visit was 2.6 days, whereas the average duration from the first medical visit to the hospital diagnosis was 2.2 days.There were 15 suspected cases with a confirmed history of residence or tourism in Wuhan, in which 6 were confirmed cases.Moreover, 5 suspected cases had a confirmed history of contact with other confirmed cases, in which 3 were confirmed cases.Thus, exposure in Wuhan and exposure to confirmed cases were the most significant risk factors at this stage of the epidemic. Conclusion The 12 cases identified in Huangpu District of Shanghai are all adults, half of whom had confirmed history of exposure in Wuhan.The first cluster of COVID-19 cases in Shanghai is documented in Huangpu District.Epidemiological investigation reveals that the confirmed cases might be infectious the day before the symptom onset.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872958

ABSTRACT

Objective::To establish the HPLC fingerprint of carbonized ginger and to determine the contents of zingerone, 6-gingerol, 6-shogaol, 10-gingerol, 8-shogaol and 10-shogaol with quantitative analysis of multi-components by single marker (QAMS). Method::The fingerprint of carbonized ginger was established by HPLC. All samples were analyzed by Waters SymmetryShield™ RP18 column (4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 μm) with gradient elution by acetonitrile(A)-water(B) (0-30 min, 25%-70%A; 30-50 min, 70%-90%A; 50-60 min, 90%A), the flow rate was 1.0 mL·min-1, the detection wavelength was set at 240 nm and the column temperature was 30 ℃. Zingerone, 6-gingerol, 8-gingerol, 6-shogaol, 10-gingerol, 8-shogaol and 10-shogaol was chosen as marker ingredients to establish HPLC fingerprint of carbonized ginger decoction pieces. Taking 6-gingerol as internal reference standard, the contents of zingerone, 6-shogaol, 10-gingerol, 8-shogaol and 10-shogaol were determined at the detection wavelength of 220 nm and 280 nm according to the relative correction factor. Result::The HPLC fingerprint of carbonized ginger was obtained and 10 common peaks were designated, and 7 of them were identified as zingerone, 6-gingerol, 8-gingerol, 6-shogaol, 10-gingerol, 8-shogaol and 10-shogaol, respectively. And there were no significant differences between the quantitative results of external standard method and QAMS. It is suggested that the content limits of carbonized ginger should be not less than 0.020%of zingerone (C11H14O3), 0.050%of 6-gingerol (C17H26O4), 0.120%of 6-shogaol (C17H24O3), 0.080%of 10-gingerol (C21H34O4), 0.030%of 8-shogaol (C19H28O3) and 0.050%of 10-shogaol (C21H32O3) calculated with reference to the dried products, respectively. Conclusion::The developed method is accurate and feasible, which can provide a simple and effective method for the quality control of carbonized ginger.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872777

ABSTRACT

Objective:To propose a new method for detecting and evaluating traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) by artificial intelligence and machine vision technology. Method:Taking Fritillariae Cirrhosae Bulbus, Crataegi Fructus and Pinelliae Rhizoma as the research objects, big data of pictures was collected by machine vision and the image database was established. Through the intelligent analysis of the external characteristics of TCM, the deep convolutional neural network model was established to realize the functions of location detection and variety identification by means of deep learning, so as to significantly improve the accuracy of rapid identification of TCM. Result:The classification accuracy of 11 kinds of Chinese herbal pieces (raw, fried, parched and charred products of Crataegi Fructus, Pinelliae Rhizoma, Pinelliae Rhizoma Praeparatum Cum Zingibere et Alumine, Pinelliae Rhizoma Praeparatum, Pinelliae Rhizoma Praeparatum Cum Alumine and three products of Fritillariae Cirrhosae Bulbus) could be more than 99%, and the average recognition accuracy of specific categories could reach more than 97%. Conclusion:The intelligent identification technology of TCM decoction pieces realized by deep learning algorithms has the advantages of simplicity, rapidity, high precision and quantifiable detection, which can provide technical support for the quality detection and evaluation of TCM, and enrich the research ideas of quality evaluation of TCM.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828189

ABSTRACT

This paper analyzes the causes and risks of common design and development changes of laser treatment equipment, studies the changes of key components and their corresponding control measures, forms the identification method of design changes of laser treatment equipment, and gives suggestions on how to deal with design and development changes, so as to provide references for inspectors during on-site inspection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Laser Therapy , Risk Factors
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827736

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical characteristics of congenital neutropenia caused by ELANE gene mutations.@*METHODS@#Clinical manifestations, absolute blood neutrophil count, high-throughput exome sequencing for mutation screening, suspected locus Sanger sequencing verification, processes of diagnosis and treatment of two patients with congenital neutropenia caused by ELANE gene mutation were retrospectively analyzed.@*RESULTS@#High-throughput sequencing has found that proband 1 has carried a heterozygous c.170C>T (p.Ala57Val) missense mutation in exon 2 of the ELANE gene, which was known to be pathological, and a heterozygous c.251T>G (p.Leu84Arg) mutation in exon 3 of proband 2, which was unreported previously. Sanger sequencing confirmed that neither mutation was inherited from their parents.@*CONCLUSION@#ELANE mutation is an important cause for congenital neutropenia. Detection of new pathogenic variants has enriched the mutation spectrum of the ELANE gene.

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