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1.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 203-206,210, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884032

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of extracorporeal shock wave combined with meloxicam tablets on joint function and serum matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) and resistin levels in elderly patients with osteoarthritis.Methods:80 cases of elderly patients with osteoarthritis in Nanchong Central Hospital from May 2016 to March 2019 were selected as the research objects, and they were randomly divided into two groups, 40 cases in each group. The control group was given conventional oral medicine (meloxicam + potassium glucosamine sulfate tablets), and the observation group was given meloxicam tablets combined with extracorporeal shock wave therapy. The total effective rate, incidence of adverse reactions, and the scores of osteoarthritis symptoms (WOMCA), joint function (Lysholm), serum MMP-9 and resistin before and after 8 weeks' treatment were compared between the two groups.Results:After treatment, the WOMCA score of the observation group was lower than that of the control group, and Lysholm score was higher than that of the control group ( P<0.05); the total effective rate of the observation group (95.00%) was higher than of the control group (77.50%) ( P<0.05); the serum resistin and MMP-9 levels of the observation group were lower than those of the control group after treatment ( P<0.05); there was no significant difference in the incidence of adverse reactions between the observation group (15.00%) and the control group (17.50%) ( P>0.05). Conclusions:Extracorporeal shock wave combined with meloxicam tablets in the treatment of elderly patients with osteoarthritis can significantly improve the clinical symptoms, promote the recovery of joint function, reduce the levels of serum resistin and MMP-9, and further improve the treatment effect with high safety.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882654

ABSTRACT

Objectives:To investigate the risk factors for acute liver injury (ALI) in patients after resuscitation from cardiac arrest and their influence on prognosis.Methods:The clinical data of patients after cardiopulmonary resuscitation in our department from January 2015 to January 2018 were analyzed. According to whether ALI occurred, the selected patients were divided into the ALI group and non-ALI group. The basic situation of the two groups of patients and the occurrence of shock and cardiac insufficiency after cardiac arrest were investigated. Kaplan-Meier method was used to analyze the effect of ALI on the 1-year survival of patients. The 28-day mortality and neurological recovery were observed in patients in the ALI group. Multivariate logistic regression was used to analyze the risk factors for ALI.Results::There were 54 patients in the ALI group and 158 patients in the non-ALI group. The patients in the ALI group needed a longer time to recover spontaneous circulation [19 (10-27) min, P=0.015], and the overall condition (SOFA score, acidosis, and lactic acid) were more serious. The incidences of shock and heart failure after cardiac arrest in the ALI and non-ALI groups were 74% and 55%, and 89% and 70%, respectively. The 1-year cumulative survival rate of patients in the non-ALI group was significantly higher than that of the ALI group ( P=0.043). The longer the duration of ALI, the higher the incidence of poor prognosis. The time to resume spontaneous circulation ( OR=3.762; 95% CI: 2.347-5.098) and heart failure ( OR=4.272; 95% CI: 2.943-5.932) after cardiac arrest were associated with ALI in patients after cardiopulmonary resuscitation (both P<0.05). Conclusions:The time to resume spontaneous circulation after cardiac arrest and heart failure after cardiopulmonary resuscitation are risk factors for ALI, and the occurrence of ALI increases patient’s mortality.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 394-405, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881143

ABSTRACT

Recent studies have shown that programmed cell death 4 (PDCD4) modulates distinct signal transduction pathways in different pathological conditions. Despite acute and chronic immune responses elicited by ischemia contributing to the functional deterioration of the kidney, the contributions and mechanisms of PDCD4 in acute kidney injury (AKI) have remained unclear. Using two murine AKI models including renal ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI) and cisplatin-induced AKI, we found that PDCD4 deficiency markedly ameliorated renal dysfunction and inflammatory responses in AKI mice. Consistently, upregulation of PDCD4 was also confirmed in the kidneys from patients with biopsy confirmed acute tubular necrosis from a retrospective cohort study. Moreover, we found that overexpression of

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880097

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of domestic imatinib (made in China) in patients with newly diagnosed chronic myeloid leukemia chronic phase(CML-CP).@*METHODS@#Fifty-seven newly diagnosed CML-CP patients who did not receive any other anti-CML treatment were treated by domestic imatinib 400 mg once a day. The hematological, cytogenetic and molecular reactions and safety were observed and evaluated after 3, 6 and 12 months of treatment.@*RESULTS@#Fifty-six patients were treated for ≥3 and 6 months, among which 50 patients were treated for ≥12 months. After 3 months of treatment, 49 patients underwent hematological examination, 47 patients (95.9%) achieved complete hematological response (CHR), 49 patients underwent cytogenetic examination, 39 patients (79.6%) achieved major cytogenetic response (MCyR), and 12 patients (24.5%) achieved complete cytogenetic response (CCyR). 49 patients underwent the level of BCR-ABL test, including 41 patients (83.7%) with BCR-ABL@*CONCLUSION@#In the real world, Domestics imatinib mesylate is effective and safe in the treatment of newly diagnosed CML-CP patients, but long-term follow-up data are still necessary to verify its long-term efficacy.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , Benzamides/therapeutic use , China , Fusion Proteins, bcr-abl/genetics , Humans , Imatinib Mesylate/therapeutic use , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive/drug therapy , Piperazines , Pyrimidines/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome
5.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 163-169, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879747

ABSTRACT

Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status and Gleason score are commonly investigated factors for overall survival (OS) in men with castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). However, there is a lack of consistency regarding their prognostic or predictive value for OS. Therefore, we performed this meta-analysis to assess the associations of ECOG performance status and Gleason score with OS in CRPC patients and compare the two markers in patients under different treatment regimens or with different chemotherapy histories. A systematic literature review of monotherapy studies in CRPC patients was conducted in the PubMed database until May 2019. The data from 8247 patients in 34 studies, including clinical trials and real-world data, were included in our meta-analysis. Of these, twenty studies reported multivariate results and were included in our main analysis. CRPC patients with higher ECOG performance statuses (≥ 2) had a significantly increased mortality risk than those with lower ECOG performance statuses (<2), hazard ratio (HR): 2.10, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.68-2.62, and P < 0.001. The synthesized HR of OS stratified by Gleason score was 1.01, with a 95% CI of 0.62-1.67 (Gleason score ≥ 8 vs <8). Subgroup analysis showed that there was no significant difference in pooled HRs for patients administered taxane chemotherapy (docetaxel and cabazitaxel) and androgen-targeting therapy (abiraterone acetate and enzalutamide) or for patients with different chemotherapy histories. ECOG performance status was identified as a significant prognostic factor in CRPC patients, while Gleason score showed a weak prognostic value for OS based on the available data in our meta-analysis.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877570

ABSTRACT

The feasibility and prospect of viral tracers and mediating functional components are explored in study on brain effect of acupuncture. In the paper, proceeding with viral tracers, the viral tracers used to analyze the structure of specific neural circuits are introduced, as well as their mediated probes, optical/chemical genetics techniques, Cre-LoxP systems, etc. The viral tracers and their functional components can not only mark specifically nerve cells or neural circuits, but also interfere with the function of specific types of neurons or nuclei. They solve some disadvantage of traditional nerve tracing method that only describes the morphology of neurons of one brain region and the simple projection among brain regions, and the indirect and non-specific absorption. The viral tracers and their functional components play the important approach to decoding the mechanism on brain effect of acupuncture when introduced in experimental acupuncture so as to provide an in vivo, real-time and intuitive novel method for a further analysis of neurobiological mechanism on brain effect of acupuncture.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Brain , Neurons
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874807

ABSTRACT

Objective@#: To retrospectively analyze the clinical characteristics and surgical experience of 10 adults with spinal extradural meningeal cysts (SEMCs) in the thoracolumbar spine which may further provide evidence for surgical decision-making. @*Methods@#: Ten adults with SEMCs in the thoracolumbar spine were surgically treated and enrolled in this study. Clinical manifestations, imaging data, intraoperative findings and postoperative outcome were recorded. @*Results@#: Clinical manifestations of SEMCs included motor and sensory dysfunction of the lower limbs and urination and defecation disturbance. The cysts presented as intraspinal occupying lesions dorsal to the spine, ranging from the T8 to L3 level. Defects of eight cases were found on preoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Selective hemilaminectomy or laminectomy were used to reveal the defect within the cyst, which was further sutured with microscopic technique. The final outcome was excellent or good in seven cases and fair in three cases. No recurrence was observed during follow-up. @*Conclusion@#: SEMCs are rare intraspinal cystic lesions. Radiography and MRI are clinically practical methods to assess defects within SEMCs. Selective hemilaminectomy or laminectomy may reduce surgical trauma. Detection and microscopic suturing of the defects are the key steps to adequately decompress the nervous tissue and prevent postoperative recurrence.

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879305

ABSTRACT

Objective This study aimed to determine the association of hyperlipidemia with clinical endpoints among hospitalized patients with COVID-19, especially those with pre-existing cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) and diabetes. Methods This multicenter retrospective cohort study included all patients who were hospitalized due to COVID-19 from 21 hospitals in Hubei province, China between December 31, 2019 and April 21, 2020. Patients who were aged < 18 or ≥ 85 years old, in pregnancy, with acute lethal organ injury (e.g., acute myocardial infarction, severe acute pancreatitis, acute stroke), hypothyroidism, malignant diseases, severe malnutrition, and those with normal lipid profile under lipid-lowering medicines (e.g., statin, niacin, fenofibrate, gemfibrozil, and ezetimibe) were excluded. Propensity score matching (PSM) analysis at 1:1 ratio was performed to minimize baseline differences between patient groups of hyperlipidemia and non-hyperlipidemia. PSM analyses with the same strategies were further conducted for the parameters of hyperlipidemia in patients with increased triglyceride (TG), increased low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and decreased high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C). Mixed-effect Cox model analysis was performed to investigate the associations of the 28-days all-cause deaths of COVID-19 patients with hyperlipidemia and the abnormalities of lipid parameters. The results were verified in male, female patients, and in patients with pre-existing CVDs and type 2 diabetes. Results Of 10 945 inpatients confirmed as COVID-19, there were 9822 inpatients included in the study, comprising 3513 (35.8%) cases without hyperlipidemia and 6309 (64.2%) cases with hyperlipidemia. Based on a mixed-effect Cox model after PSM at 1:1 ratio, hyperlipidemia was not associated with increased or decreased 28-day all-cause death [adjusted hazard ratio (


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , COVID-19/therapy , Cardiovascular Diseases/complications , Case-Control Studies , Cause of Death , China/epidemiology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Female , Hospitalization , Humans , Hyperlipidemias/complications , Male , Middle Aged , Propensity Score , Proportional Hazards Models , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781472

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the value of red blood cell distribution width (RDW) and fibrinogen (Fib) level for the evaluation of therapeutic efficacy and prognosis in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL).@*METHODS@#The relationship between RDW/Fib at initial diagnosis and efficacy and the clinical outcome was retro-spectively analyzed based on the study of 105 patients with DLBCL. The patients were divided into two groups: low RDW group (≤15%) and high RDW group (>15%), low Fib group (Fib≤4 g/L) and high Fib group (Fib>4 g/L) according to the normal values of RDW and Fib. Therapeutic efficacy, overall survival (OS) time and progression free survival (PFS) time were compared between two groups. The correlation between each factors and efficacy, prognosis was analyzed by univariate and multivariate regression.@*RESULTS@#The therapeutic efficacy (P<0.001), OS time(P=0.004), and PFS time(P=0.007) were poorer in the high RDW group as compared with the low RDW group. The efficacy (P=0.015) and PFS time(P=0.04) were poorer in the high Fib group as compared with the low Fib group. Multivariate analysis showed that high RDW was the independent risk factor for efficacy of DLBCL patients (OR=3.394, 95% CI 1.093-10.539, P=0.035).@*CONCLUSION@#High RDW and high Fib associate with poor efficacy in DLBCL patients.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868505

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of chemotherapy combined with postoperative adjuvant radiotherapy on the overall survival (OS) of early and advanced (Ⅰ-Ⅱ A and Ⅱ B-Ⅳ) small cell neuroendocrine carcinoma of the cervix (SCNEC)patients and analyze the prognostic factors. Methods:The Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Result (SEER) database was used to search and screen out 269 SCNEC patients who received chemotherapy from 2004 to 2016. These patients were divided into four groups according to different treatment regimens: chemotherapy + postoperative radiotherapy group, chemotherapy + surgery group, chemotherapy + radiotherapy group and chemotherapy-alone group. Kaplan-Meier curve was utilized to compare the OS of SCNEC patients with stage Ⅰ-Ⅱ A and Ⅱ B-Ⅳ with different treatment regimens. Log-rank test and Cox regression analysis were used to evaluate significant clinicopathological factors on prognosis. Results:For patients with stage Ⅰ-Ⅱ A, the 5-year OS rate of chemotherapy + postoperative radiotherapy group, chemotherapy + surgery group, chemotherapy + radiotherapy group and chemotherapy-alone group were 39.9%, 71.7%, 24.5% and 0, respectively. Among patients with stage Ⅰ-Ⅱ A, chemotherapy + surgery group had a better prognosis ( HR 0.403, 95% CI: 0.112-1.112, P=0.047) than chemotherapy + postoperative radiotherapy group. For stage Ⅱ B-Ⅳ patients, the 5-year OS rate of the chemotherapy + postoperative radiotherapy group, chemotherapy + surgery group, chemotherapy + radiotherapy group and chemotherapy-alone group were 35.2%, 24.3%, 17.7% and 0, respectively. Among patients with stage Ⅱ B-Ⅳ, chemotherapy + surgery group, chemotherapy + radiotherapy group and chemotherapy-alone group all had worse prognosis ( HR 1.726, 95% CI: 0.944-3.157; HR 1.605, 95% CI: 0.968-2.661; HR 5.632, 95% CI: 3.143-10.093, P<0.05) than chemotherapy + postoperative radiotherapy group, respectively. In addition, the patients whose age ≤60 years old and tumor diameter<4 cm had a worse prognosis compared to those older than 60 years old ( HR 7.868, 95% CI: 3.032-20.415; HR 1.465, 95% CI: 1.006-2.435, P<0.05)and tumor diameter≥4 cm ( HR 2.576, 95% CI: 1.056-6.287; HR 1.965, 95% CI: 1.026-3.766, P<0.05). Conclusions:Chemotherapy combined with postoperative adjuvant radiotherapy can′t improve the OS of patients with early (Ⅰ-Ⅱ A) SCNEC, but can significantly improve the OS of advanced (Ⅱ B-Ⅳ) patients. Age, tumor size and treatment regimens are independent risk factors.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868448

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of low-dose CT in pregnancy with COVID-19.Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed on the clinical characteristics, laboratory tests, and chest CT findings of 12 pregnant women with COVID-19 diagnosed by nucleic acid testing in the Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University from January 20, 2020 to February 16, 2020. Two radiologists blinded to the reconstruction algorithm independently scored subjective image quality on a 5-point Likert scale. Image quality score ≥ 3 was acceptable in clinics. The CT radiation doses were recorded, including CT volume dose index (CTDI vol), dose length product (DLP), and effective radiation dose ( E). Two radiologists observed the distribution, shape, density, and other characteristics of lung lesions, and they also decided whether hilar, mediastinal lymphadenopathy, and pleural changed. Results:A total of 12 pregnant women with COVID-19, 8 had cough, 4 had fever, 2 had chest tightness, and 1 had dyspnea and diarrhea each. The CT image quality score of all patients was 3-4, with an average of 3.46, which fully met the clinical diagnosis requirements. The CTDI vol value was 1.13-4.31 mGy, with an average of 3.02 mGy. The DLP value was 34.48-75.29 mGy·cm, with an average of 55.48 mGy·cm. The Evalue was 0.48-1.05 mSv, with an average of 0.78 mSv. In all cases, chest CT examination showed abnormal manifestations after clinical symptoms, including unilateral lung lesions in 5 cases and bilateral lung lesions in 7 cases, 1 case of ground-glass opacity, 1 case of solidification, 7 cases of ground-glass and consolidation, 1 case of strip opacity, ground-glass, and consolidation and strip cable shadow coexisted in 2 cases. Conclusions:The application of low-dose CT scan in pregnant women with COVID-19 is completely feasible. CT mainly manifested as bilateral lung patchy and flaky ground-glass opacity with consolidation. Active and effective treatment can help recover and improve prognosis.

12.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 296-299, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868283

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the clinical and high resolution CT(HRCT) characteristics of 141 patients with COVID-19.Methods:From January 20 to 28, 2020, 141 COVID-19 patients, 77 males and 64 females, with a median age of 49 (9, 87), were enrolled in the study. The clinical features, laboratory test results and HRCT findings of all patients were analyzed retrospectively.Results:In all of the patients, the decreasing leukocyte countin 38 (26.95%) and lymphocyte ratio in 71 (50.35%), a fever over 37.5 ℃ in 139 (98.58%), coughing in 106 (75.18%), headache in 11 (7.80%), expectoration in 41 (29.08%), chest distress in 93 (65.96%), and diarrhea in 4 (2.84%) were found. The HRCT of all patients were abnormal, including ground glass opacity (GGO) with patchy opacity in 52 (36.88%) mainly distributed along subpleural area, GGO with focal consolidation in 23 (16.31%),small patchy opacity in 27 (19.15%),large patchy consolidation in 20 (14.18%),thickened bronchovascular bundleing and blood vessel crossing the lesion in 48 (34.04%), air bronchus sign in 5 (3.55%), small nodule in 7 (4.96%),fibrous stripes and reticular opacities in 5 (3.55%), bilateral pleural effusion in 7 (4.96%), and mediastinal or bilateral hilar lymphadenopathy in 4 (2.84%).Conclusions:The clinical and HRCT manifestations of COVID-19 are various. Under the specific epidemiological background of COVID-19, chest HRCT scan should be carried out as soon as possible for early warning of this disease.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868067

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish the ultrasonic classification criteria of adhesive intestinal obstruction (AIO) and to discuss its clinical value.Methods:The data of 124 cases of AIO confirmed by surgery and pathology in Tianjin Nankai Hospital from January 2014 to October 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. The ultrasonic image features of AIO were summarized. According to the severity of ultrasound images it can be divided into three different types: simple (mild) AIO, complex (moderate) AIO and critical (severe) AIO. The surgery plan was simulated according to the ultrasonic classification results and compared with the actual surgery results.Results:①The ultrasonic classification results of 124 cases of AIO were as follows: simple (mild) AIO in 73 cases (58.9%), complex (moderate) AIO in 16 cases (12.9%), critical (severe) AIO in 35 cases (28.2%). ②The characteristic ultrasonic images of simple (mild) AIO were adhesion of the intestinal wall to the intestinal wall and the intestinal wall to the abdominal wall; the characteristic ultrasonic images of complex (moderate) AIO were adhesive band and adhesive mass; the characteristic ultrasonic images of critical (severe) AIO were internal hernia, volvulus, intussusception, intestinal ischemia and necrosis, and bloody ascites. ③According to the results of ultrasound classification, 124 cases of AIO were treated with simulated surgical procedures, and the coincidence rate with the surgical results was high (87.9%).Conclusions:US classification of AIO is helpful for clinical evaluation of the severity of AIO and can provide imaging basis for clinicians to make the correct treatment plan.

14.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 797-803, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867790

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the effect of robot navigation system (Tian Ji robot system) plus 3D printing and traditional C-arm X-ray fluoroscopy in assisting percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) or percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) for treatment of Kümmell disease.Methods:A retrospective case-control study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 40 patients with Kümmell disease treated at Honghui Hospital Affiliated to Xi'an Jiaotong University School of Medicine from December 2017 to February 2019, including 12 males and 28 females, with an average age of 56.4 years (range, 42-71 years). In observation group, 20 patients underwent PKP or PVP assisted by the robot navigation system and 3D printing. In control group, 20 patients underwent PKP or PVP assisted by the traditional C-arm X-ray fluoroscopy. The operation time and incidence of complications were observed. The visual analogue scale (VAS), Oswestry disability index (ODI), Cobb angle and anterior vertebral height were compared before operation, 1 day and 3 months after operation.Results:All patients were followed up for 3.5-8.6 months (mean, 6.7 months). The operation time in control group was (32.2±5.8)minutes, compared with (26.7±3.6)minutes in observation group ( P<0.05). The incidence of cement leakage was 0% (0/20) in the observation group and 5% (1/20) in control group ( P>0.05). One day after operation, in observation group and control group, the VAS was (2.1±0.3)points and (3.7±0.8)points, the ODI was 14.3±1.8 and 25.5±5.7, the Cobb angle was (20.6±1.2)° and (22.4±0.6)°, and the anterior height of vertebral body was (21.2±0.8)mm and (17.6±0.7)mm, respectively, showing significant improvement compared with those before operation ( P<0.01). Three months after operation, in observation group and control group, the VAS was (1.8±0.4)points and (2.8±0.8)points, the ODI was 12.3±1.5 and 21.6±2.3, the Cobb angle was (18.1±0.8) ° and (20.5±1.6)°, and the anterior height of vertebral body was (20.1±1.8)mm and (16.8±1.3)mm, showing no significant difference compared with those at day 1 after operation ( P>0.05). There were significant differences in the VAS, ODI, Cobb angle and anterior vertebral height between the two groups 1 day and 3 months after operation ( P<0.01). Conclusion:For Kümmell disease, with assistance with the robot navigation system combined with 3D printing, PKP or PVP can more effectively reduce the pain of patients, improve the quality of life, restore the anterior height of vertebral body, and realize the individualized treatment in comparison with the traditional C-arm X-ray fluoroscopy.

15.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 367-370, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866833

ABSTRACT

Objective:To discuss the feasibility of offering specialized courses of critical care medicine in undergraduate clinical medicine education, so as to alleviate the shortage of critical care medicine staffs and lay a foundation for improving the success rate for the treatment of critical cases.Methods:The undergraduates majoring in clinical medicine from 2008 to 2011 in Guizhou Medical University (the former Guiyang Medical College) were enrolled. After they had been enrolled in the undergraduate education for 3 years and were ready for Grade four, which meant basic medicine teaching had been completed and clinical medicine teaching was about to start, they were introduced and preached to each discipline, including critical care medicine. The undergraduates were free to choose professional direction of clinical training in Grade four. Students majoring in clinical medicine from 2012 to 2014 were free to choose their major direction when they entered the school.Results:From September 2011 to July 2019, the university had cultivated 246 undergraduates majoring in clinical critical care medicine from 2008 to 2014, and the critical care medicine professional team of affiliated hospital had undertaken 540 teaching hours. By July 2019, all students had graduated on time, with an employment rate of 100%. Forty students took postgraduate programs in our school and other schools, accounting for 16.3%.Conclusions:Professional education of critical care medicine in the undergraduate course of clinical medicine can mobilize students' interest in learning and subjective initiative, which is conducive to career selection. During the clinical training, the students can identify and timely cure critical care cases in the early stage, and partly alleviate the current shortage of critical care medical staffs.

16.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): E008-E008, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866780

ABSTRACT

Noval coronavirus-infected pneumonia is an acute respiratory infectious diease caused by an noval coronavirus, and it is highly contagious. The first confirmed coronavirus-infected pneumonia in Guizhou was admitted to the department of Critical Care Medicine, Affiliated Hospital of Guizhou Medical University. After has been given isolation, anti-viral therapy, oxygen therapy, maintaining internal environment stability, organ functions protection and psychological comfort for 8 days, the patient successfully recovered from the disease. It is suggested that early recognition, early isolation, timely antiviral treatment, organ function protection and psychological intervention are effective methods for patient with noval coronavirus-infected pneumonia.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866565

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical value of different MRI sequences in the diagnosis of elbow trauma in children.Methods:From March 2015 to March 2019, 78 children with elbow joint injury were studied.All patients were examined by X-ray and MRI, including 3D-DESS, TSETIWI, T1-TIRM and FS-PDWI.The differences between the two methods were analyzed.Results:A total of 62 cases of epiphyseal fracture were confirmed by MRI.According to the distribution of Salter Harris fracture: 23 cases of type Ⅱ (37.10%)>17 cases of type Ⅲ (27.42%)>12 cases of type Ⅳ (19.35%)>10 cases of type Ⅰ (16.13%)>0 case of type Ⅴ (0.00%), the difference was statistically significant (χ 2=6.126, P=0.025). Among 78 children of elbow joint injury, 73 cases had bone marrow edema, of which 62 cases were within 1 cm from epiphyseal plate, 11 cases were outside 1 cm from epiphyseal plate, 5 cases were without bone marrow edema, and there was a correlation between bone marrow edema and epiphyseal fracture ( r=0.174, P=0.006). Type Ⅰ-Ⅳ epiphysis injury of elbow joint in children could be accompanied with articular cartilage injury, and 3D-DESS had good effect on articular cartilage injury. Conclusion:Different sequences of MRI have high accuracy in the diagnosis of elbow joint injury in children, which is of great significance in reducing misdiagnosis and missed diagnosis rate of epiphyseal fracture, bone marrow edema and articular cartilage injury in children.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866396

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the psychosocial factors of women with menopausal depression and to study their preventive measures.Methods:From July 2016 to December 2018, 150 patients with climacteric depression who admitted to the Third People's Hospital of Huzhou were selected as the study group, and 150 healthy women during the same period were selected as the control group.The psychosocial factors of the two groups were investigated and compared, and the preventive measures were studied.Results:The total scores of the Symptom Checklist (SCL-90), the number of positive items and their average scores in the study group[(174.41±38.32)points, (38.94±18.21)points, (3.22±0.49)points] were significantly higher than those in the control group[(155.09±48.50)points, (30.08±20.20)points, (2.92±0.56)points], the scores of the 9 factors in the study group were significantly higher than those in the control group, and the differences were statistically significant ( t=2.271, 2.212, 2.290, 2.133, 2.112, 1.970, 3.602, 3.425, 2.104, 1.951, 2.093, 2.146; P=0.038, 0.030, 0.022, 0.017, 0.017, 0.018, 0.006, 0.004, 0.015, 0.015, 0.013, 0.012). The neurotic (P) and internal and external (E) dimension scores of the study group[(6.83±2.36)points, (9.53±5.64)points] were significantly lower than those in the control group[(7.78±3.27)points, (14.21±5.31)points], the differences were statistically significant ( t=1.203, 4.313; P=0.021, 0.002). The emotional stability (N) and occlusion (L) dimension scores of the study group[(13.39±6.01)points, (10.80±4.31)points] were significantly higher than those of the control group[(7.20±2.11)points, (6.39±2.69)points], the differences were statistically significant ( t=6.896, 6.210; P=0.007, 0.004). The total score of social support[(31.66±4.61)points] in the study group was significantly lower than that in the control group[(36.75±4.79)points], the difference was statistically significant ( t=4.97; P=0.003). The scores of total life events and negative events in the study group [(60.61±14.68)points, (39.02±15.27)points] were significantly higher than those in the control group[(32.09±9.20)points, (9.21±4.53)points], the differences were statistically significant ( t=11.396, 12.510; P=0.006, 0.008). Conclusion:Female patients with menopausal depression are closely related to their psychosocial factors, and their mental status is poor, and they are in a sub-health state for a long time.Active and effective psychological interventions for menopausal women can effectively prevent the occurrence of menopausal depression, and thus improve the quality of life and level of menopausal women.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865685

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of long-chain non coding RNA (lncRNA) XIST on the proliferation and migration of pancreatic cancer PANC1 cells, and clarify the targeting relationship between lncRNA XIST and miR-101/enhancer of zeste homologz(EZH2).Methods:Ninety cases of pancreatic cancer surgically resected and pathologically confirmed in the first hospital of Jiaxing city from July 2010 to September 2018 and its corresponding paracarcinoma normal tissue were collected. PANC1 cells were divided into sh-XIST group, SH control group, MiR control group and miR-101 group. The expression of LncRNA XIST and miR-101 in pancreatic cancer tissue and PANC1 cells in each group were detected by fluorescence quantitative PCR. The relationship between the expression of LncRNA XIST and miR-101 and the clinicopathological parameters of tumor was analyzed. The proliferation and migration ability of PANC1 cells in each group were analyzed by CCK8 method and transwell chamber test. The EZH2 expression level of PANC1 cells in each group were analyzed by western blot. PANC1 cells in each group was inoculated into BALB/C nude mice with a cell density of 3×10 6 cells/100 μl and the tumor volume was measured. The relationship between LncRNA XIST and its miR-101 and targeting gene EZH2 were analyzed by bioinformatics and double luciferase reporter genes. Results:Compared with the paracancerous tissues, the level of LncRNA XIST in pancreatic cancer tissue was significantly increased 2.89±0.42 vs (1.12±0.22, P<0.05), and the level of miR-101 was significantly decreased 0.32±0.12 vs (1.25±0.22, P<0.05), and the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). LncRNA XIST expression in pancreatic cancer tissue was obviously increased along with higher differentiation degree, advanced TNM stage and lymph node metastasis, while miR-101 was greatly decreased. Compared with the cells in the sh-control group, the expression level of LncRNA XIST in the sh-XIST group was significantly decreased (0.34±0.18 vs 1.21±0.27). Compared with miR-control cells, the level of miR-101 cells in miR-101 group significantly increased (2.94±0.31 vs 1.54±0.29 ), and the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). After 72 h cell culture, the light absorption value at 450 nm in sh-control group, sh-XIST group, miR-control group and miR-101 group was 1.98±0.24, 1.21±0.20, 1.87±0.21 and 1.11±0.17; the number of transmembrane cells were (74.25±6.79 ), (29.11±5.17), (61.27±5.19) and (20.47±4.58)per 200 times visual field; the cell proliferation activity and migration ability in sh-XIST group were significantly decreased than sh-control group, miR-101 group and miR-control group and the xenograft tumor grew obviously slowly, all the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). Conclusions:LncRNA XIST can target miR-101/EZH2, regulating the proliferation and migration of pancreatic cancer cells, which promotes the occurrence and development of pancreatic cancer.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-861923

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the effect of Cook retrieval group set to retrieve super long time window OptEase inferior vena cava (IVC) filter. Methods: Clinical data of 289 patients who underwent retrieval OptEase recoverable IVC filter were retrospectively analyzed. IVC filters were retrieved in normal time window (the time of filter placement ≤14 days) in 242 cases, including 127 using OptEase retrieval sets (group A) and 115 using Cook retrieval sets (group B).Meanwhile, IVC filters of 47 cases were retrieved in the ultra-long time window (the time of filter placement >28 days), including 22 using OptEase retrieval sets (group C) and 25 using Cook retrieval sets (group D). The filter retrieval success rates, retrieval time and complication rates were compared between group A and B, group C and D. Results: IVC filters were successfully retrieved in group A and B. There was no significant difference of retrieval time nor complication rate between group A and B (both P>0.05). The success rate of filter retrieval in group D was higher than that in group C (P<0.05), while the retrieval time and complication rate of group D were both lower than those in group C (both P<0.05).No serious complication occurred. Conclusion: The retrieval effect of Cook filter retrieval set is good for ultra long-term time window OptEase venous filter.

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