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1.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2295-2301, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826593

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Coronary atherosclerotic plaque could go through rapid progression and induce adverse cardiac events. This study aimed to evaluate the impacts of smoking status on clinical outcomes of coronary non-target lesions.@*METHODS@#Consecutive patients with coronary heart disease who underwent two serial coronary angiographies were included. All coronary non-target lesions were recorded at first coronary angiography and analyzed using quantitative coronary angiography at both procedures. Patients were grouped into non-smokers, quitters, and smokers according to their smoking status. Clinical outcomes including rapid lesion progression, lesion re-vascularization, and myocardial infarction were recorded at second coronary angiography. Multivariable Cox regression analysis was used to investigate the association between smoking status and clinical outcomes.@*RESULTS@#A total of 1255 patients and 1670 lesions were included. Smokers were younger and more likely to be male compared with non-smokers. Increase in percent diameter stenosis was significantly lower (2.7 [0.6, 7.1] % vs. 3.5 [0.9, 8.9]%) and 3.4 [1.1, 7.7]%, P = 0.020) in quitters than those in smokers and non-smokers. Quitters tended to have a decreased incidence of rapid lesions progression (15.8% [76/482] vs. 21.6% [74/342] and 20.6% [89/431], P = 0.062), lesion re-vascularization (13.1% [63/482] vs. 15.5% [53/432] and 15.5% [67/431], P = 0.448), lesion-related myocardial infarction (0.8% [4/482] vs. 2.6% [9/342] and 1.4% [6/431], P = 0.110) and all-cause myocardial infarction (1.9% [9/482] vs. 4.1% [14/342] and 2.3% [10/431], P = 0.128) compared with smokers and non-smokers. In multivariable analysis, smoking status was not an independent predictor for rapid lesion progression, lesion re-vascularization, and lesion-related myocardial infarction except that a higher risk of all-cause myocardial infarction was observed in smokers than non-smokers (hazards ratio: 3.00, 95% confidence interval: 1.04-8.62, P = 0.042).@*CONCLUSION@#Smoking cessation mitigates the increase in percent diameter stenosis of coronary non-target lesions, meanwhile, smokers are associated with increased risk for all-cause myocardial infarction compared with non-smokers.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801341

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the prevalence, diagnosis and treatment of chronic critical illness (CCI) in China.@*Methods@#The clinical data of 472 adult patients admitted to ICU in 53 hospitals, including basic information, disease-related data, nutrition program, etc., were collected on May 10, 2019, by means of multi-center cross-sectional study. If surgical intervention was needed or the occurrence of the disease was directly related to the surgery, ICU patients were regarded as surgical ICU cases (n=211). In this study, the diagnostic criteria for CCI were: (1) admission to ICU >14 days;(2) combined with persistent organ dysfunction. The prevalence,distribution and treatment of CCI and surgery-related CCI were recorded and analyzed. The Mann-Whitney U test, chi-square test or Fisher exact test were used for comparative analysis.@*Results@#Among the 472 ICU patients from 53 hospitals, 326 were male (69.1%) and 146 were female (30.9%). The prevalence of CCI was 30.7% (145/472). Among 211 surgery-related ICU patients, 57 developed CCI with a prevalence of 27.0%. As compared to non-CCI patients, higher APACHE II score [median (IQR) 13.5 (10.0, 18.3) vs. 11.0 (7.0, 16.0), U=2970.000, P=0.007], higher Charlson comorbidity index [median (IQR) 4.0 (2.0, 7.0) vs. 3.0 (1.0, 5.0), U= 3570.000, P=0.036] and higher ratio of breath dysfunction [68.4% (39/57) vs. 48.1% (74/154), χ2=6.939, P=0.008] and renal dysfunction [42.1% (24/57) vs. 18.2% (28/154), χ2=12.821, P<0.001] were found in surgery-related CCI patients. While SOFA score, Glasgow coma score and other visceral function were not significantly different between surgery-related CCI and non-CCI patients (all P>0.05). NUTRIC score showed that surgery-related CCI patients had higher nutritional risk [43.9% (25/57) vs. 26.6%(41/154), U=5.750, P=0.016] and higher ratio of mechanical ventilation [66.7% (38/57) vs. 52.3% (79/154), χ2=3.977, P=0.046] than non-CCI patients. On the survey day, the daily caloric requirements of 50.2% (106/211) of surgery-related ICU patients were calculated according to the standard adult caloric intake index (104.6 to 125.5 kJ·kg-1·d-1, 1 kJ=0.239 kcal), and the daily caloric requirements of 46.4% (98/211) of patients were calculated by physicians according to the severity of the patient′s condition. 60.2% (127/211) of nutritional support therapy was enteral nutrition (including a combination of enteral and parenteral nutrition), while the remaining patients received parenteral nutrition (24.6%, 52/211), simple glucose infusion (9.0%, 19/211), or oral diet (6.2%, 13/211). The target calorie of CCI group was 104.6 (87.9, 125.5) kJ·kg-1·d-1, and the actual calorie intake accounted for 0.98 (0.80, 1.00) of the target calory. In the non-CCI group, the target calorie was 104.6 (87.9, 125.5) kJ·kg-1·d-1, and the actual calorie consumed accounted for 0.91 (0.66, 1.00) of the target calorie. There was no statistically significant difference between two groups (P=0.248, P=0.150).@*Conclusion@#The prevalence of CCI and surgery-related CCI in ICU is high, along with severe complications, respiratory and renal dysfunction and mechanical ventilation. Surgical patients admitted to ICU are at high nutritional risk, and active and correct nutritional support is essential for such patients.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-803560

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the effect of distance education in the teaching mode of medical clinical skills, and to provide theoretical and practical basis for finding a better teaching mode to promote the combination of theory and practice.@*Methods@#A total of 172 trainees of clinical skill training in the training center were divided into the control group and the observation group (the observation group was divided into pre-class long-distance group, in-class long-distance group, after-class long-distance group). There were 43 trainees in each group. The control group adopted traditional teaching methods in clinical basic skills courses, and the observation group adopted mixed teaching mode under long-distance education. The satisfaction of teachers and students under the two teaching modes were investigated, and the performance of each group of students in skills, human-computer dialogue, and team first aid comprehensive test were compared.@*Results@#There were significant differences in teacher satisfaction between the control group and the pre-class and in-class distance groups (χ2 = 15.315, P = 0.000). There were significant differences in student satisfaction between the control group and the pre-class and in-class distance groups in terms of interactive participation, liveliness, interesting training skills and teaching level (χ2=4.497-17.153, P = 0.000-0.034). The results of each group reached the expected teaching goals. There were significant differences between the skill test score control group and the pre-class and in-class remote groups (t=25.357, 14.712, all P =0.000). There were significant differences between the human-machine dialogue test control group and the three observation groups (t=14.561, 19.420, 3.821, all P =0.000). There were significant differences between the team emergency comprehensive test control group and the three observation groups (t=14.561, 19.420, 3.821, all P=0.000).@*Conclusions@#Distance education has flexible in the mixed teaching mode of clinical skills, especially in pre-class and in-class. It can rapidly improve the basic clinical skills, theoretical knowledge and team mobilization ability of students. It is one of the best bridges to communicate their clinical theory and practice.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-737209

ABSTRACT

In this study,we aimed to study the pattern visual evoked potentials (P-VEPs) in two eyes with varying visual acuity in one eye and to provide an objective estimation of visual acuity by comparing P-VEPs in one and two eyes.Thirty subjects were chosen,who had one eye with an acuity of 5.0,4.85,4.6,4.0,or scieropia and obstructed vision and the other eye with an acuity of 5.0,respectively.P-VEPs were detected under the large grating stimuli at 3×4 spatial frequency,moderate grating stimuli (12× 16 spatial frequency) and small grating stimuli (48×64 spatial frequency).Under large grating stimuli,there was no significant difference in P100 peak latency between the groups,nor was there a significant difference between the amplitude of two eyes and the amplitude of one normal-vision eye.Under moderate and small grating stimuli,there was a significant difference in P100 peak latency between the group with both eyes having an acuity of 5.0 and the group with visual acuity below 4.0 in one eye.There was a significant difference in P100 amplitude between the group with visual acuity of 5.0 in both eyes and the group with one normal-vision eye.There was no significant difference in the amplitude of two eyes and the amplitude of one normal-vision eye between any other two groups.In forensic identification,characteristics and variability of P-VEPs in one and two eyes can be used to identify malingering or decline in visual acuity.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-735741

ABSTRACT

In this study,we aimed to study the pattern visual evoked potentials (P-VEPs) in two eyes with varying visual acuity in one eye and to provide an objective estimation of visual acuity by comparing P-VEPs in one and two eyes.Thirty subjects were chosen,who had one eye with an acuity of 5.0,4.85,4.6,4.0,or scieropia and obstructed vision and the other eye with an acuity of 5.0,respectively.P-VEPs were detected under the large grating stimuli at 3×4 spatial frequency,moderate grating stimuli (12× 16 spatial frequency) and small grating stimuli (48×64 spatial frequency).Under large grating stimuli,there was no significant difference in P100 peak latency between the groups,nor was there a significant difference between the amplitude of two eyes and the amplitude of one normal-vision eye.Under moderate and small grating stimuli,there was a significant difference in P100 peak latency between the group with both eyes having an acuity of 5.0 and the group with visual acuity below 4.0 in one eye.There was a significant difference in P100 amplitude between the group with visual acuity of 5.0 in both eyes and the group with one normal-vision eye.There was no significant difference in the amplitude of two eyes and the amplitude of one normal-vision eye between any other two groups.In forensic identification,characteristics and variability of P-VEPs in one and two eyes can be used to identify malingering or decline in visual acuity.

6.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 535-538, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703891

ABSTRACT

Objectives:To investigate the predictive value of IABP-SHOCKⅡ risk score for 30-day mortality in Chinese patients with cardiogenic shock after acute myocardial infarction. Methods:A total of 212 hospitalized Chinese patients with cardiogenic shock after acute myocardial infarction were enrolled from June 2014 to July 2017. The IABP-SHOCKⅡrisk score was calculated at admission. The endpoint of this study was all-cause 30-day death. The predictive value of IABP-SHOCKⅡ risk score for these patients was assessed by calculating the area under receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Results:According to the IABP-SHOCKⅡrisk score at admission, the patients were divided into 3 groups:score 0-2 group, n=106; score 3-4 group, n=56 and score 5-9 group, n=50. Patients were older, incidence of cerebral stroke, lactic acid, glucose at admission and creatinine levels were higher. while incidence of TIMI grade 3 was lower in score 3-4 group and score 5-9 group than in score 0-2 group (all P<0.05). Percent of male patients was lower in score 5-9 group than in score 0-2 group (P<0.05). Incidence of cerebral stroke, lactic acid, and creatinine levels were higher. while incidence of TIMI grade 3 was lower in score 5-9 group than in score 3-4 group (all P<0.05). Sixty-eight patients died during the 30 days follow-up, mortality was 6.6%, 37.5% and 80% in the score 0-2 group, score 3-4 group, and score 5-9 group, respectively (P<0.05). The ROC curve analysis showed that AUC was 0.853, and 95%CI was 0.796-0.911. Conclusions:IABP-SHOCKⅡ risk score is suitable for risk stratification and assessment of 30-day mortality in Chinese patients with cardiogenic shock after acute myocardial infarction and may facilitate the clinical decision making to improve the outcome of these patients.

7.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 360-365, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703865

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To study serum level of M2-muscarinic receptor autoantibody (M2-AAb) in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) patients with its relationship to relevant clinical parameters. Methods: Our research included in 2 groups: HCM group, 133 patients and they were divided into 3 subgroups:Obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HOCM) subgroup, 72, Latent obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (LHOCM) subgroup, 22 and Non-obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (NOCM) subgroup, 39; since there was no obstruction of left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) in LHOCM and NOCM patients at resting, LHOCM and NOCM patients were combined as LHOCM+NOCM subgroup, 61 in comparison with HOCM subgroup. And Control group, 40 subjects had no organic heart disease and autoimmune diseases which were confirmed by 12 lead ECG, transthoracic echocardiography and routine hematological tests, they were not using β-blockers, glucocorticoids and immune-suppressants. Serum levels of M2-AAb were examined by ELISA, the relationship between M2-AAb and relevant clinical parameters were studied. Results: Compared with Control group, HCM group had increased serum level of M2-AAb [22.91 (17.21, 29.64) ng/ml] vs (17.14±5.66) ng/ml, P<0.01; M2-AAb was similar among HOCM, LHOCM and NOCM subgroups; M2-AAb in female patients were higher than male, P=0.001. Further investigation presented that the patients with family history of sudden death had the higher M2-AAb, P<0.05; patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) or left atrial diameter (LAD)≥50 mm or moderate to severe mitral regurgitation (MR) had the higher M2-AAb than those without such problems, all P<0.05. In HCM group, log M2-AAb was positively related to resting LVOT gradient (r=0.178, P=0.040); in HOCM subgroup, log M2-AAb was marginal positively related to resting LVOT gradient (r=0.224, P=0.058). Conclusions: Serum M2-AAb was elevated in HCM patients; gender, family history of sudden death may affect M2-AAb level; patients combining AF or LAD≥50 mm or moderate-severe MR had the higher M2-AAb and it was related to resting LVOT gradient.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-697265

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of micro-lectures withadvanced simulation man in improving the practical skills teaching of nursing students, so as to promote the students' post competency. Methods Totally the 186 nursing internswere divided into control group and observation group by random number method with 93 people in each group. The control group used the traditional teaching modein the teaching of practical skills.The observation group used the micro-lectures with high simulation teaching.Comparing the two groups of nursing students comprehensive assessment test simulation results in the theory, skills, scenarios, and nursing students the evaluation of the curriculum. Results The scores of the two groups were all above the qualification line, but the scores of the observation group were significantly higher than those of the control group (P<0.05). The theoretical examinations and the situation simulation comprehensive testswas(77.89 ± 7.79), (75.60 ± 7.92)points in control group, and (93.87 ± 3.90),(92.87 ± 4.08)points in observation group, there was significant difference between two groups (t=17.67, 18.70,all P=0.000). The curriculum evaluation results of improving learning initiative, active curriculum atmosphere, clear operation demonstration, exercise clinical thinking, improve the clinical interest were 81.72%(76/93), 72.04%(67/93), 93.55%(87/93), 60.22%(56/93), 67.74%(63/93)in control group, and 96.77%(90/93), 95.70%(89/93), 100.00%(93/93), 92.47%(86/93), 98.92%(92/93)in observation group, there was significant difference between two groups(χ2=20.39, P=0.016).Conclusions The effect is significant of micro-lectures combined with high simulation of human using in clinical skills teaching. Thismold can conducive to the cultivation of clinical thinking of nursing students, and improve clinical comprehensive ability, and promote the promotion of nursing students post competency.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-230935

ABSTRACT

Cycloartenol, a phytosterol compound, also one of the key precusor substances for biosynthesis of numerous sterol compounds, has a variety of pharmacological activities such as anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor, antioxidant, antibiosis and anti-alzheimer's disease. Furthermore, cycloartenol also plays an important role in the process of plant growth and development. This article reviewed the research progress on cycloartenol pharmacological activity in domestic and foreign articles, and summarized the effect of cycloartenol and "cycloartenol pathway" on the plant growth and development, laying foundation for the its further study, development and utilization.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-357520

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>This study aims to investigate the possible role and significance of soluble programmed death-1 (sPD-1)  /soluble programmed death ligand 1 (sPD-L1) in the immune pathogeneses of recurrent aphthous ulcer (RAU).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 30 RAU cases (18 cases of minor RAU, 5 cases of major RAU, and 7 cases of herpetiform ulcers) were enrolled in this study. A total of 18 healthy people served as controls. Lymphocyte subsets (CD3⁺, CD4⁺, CD8⁺, CD19⁺, and CD16⁺+56⁺) were investigated by flow cytometric analysis. Humoral immunity (IgG, IgA, IgM, C3, and C4) was explored by nephelometry immunoassay. The sPD-1 and sPD-L1 protein levels in the sera of RAU patients were investigated by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The correlations of the sPD-1 and sPD-L1 protein levels with the immune status and clinical characteristics of the RAU patients were analyzed by SPSS 19.0.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The number of CD4+ T cells decreased and the levels of IgM antibodies increased in the RAU patients relative to those in the normal controls (P<0.05). The sPD-1 and sPD-L1 protein levels in the RAU patients were significantly higher than those in the control group (P<0.05). Meanwhile, the sPD-1 and sPD-L1 protein levels in the patients with minor and major RAU were significantly higher than those in the control group (P<0.05). By contrast, no significant difference was found in the patients with herpetiform RAU (P>0.05). Positive correlations were noted between the sPD-1 protein level and the CD19+ cell frequency or C4 level (r₁=0.389, P₁=0.034; r₂=0.382, P₂=0.037).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Cellular immune hypofunction and humoral immunity disorders were found in the RAU patients. The PD-1/PD-L1 signaling pathway, which might be influenced by the involvement of sPD-1 and sPD-L1 proteins to a certain extent, may play some roles in the immune pathogenesis of RAU.</p>


Subject(s)
B7-H1 Antigen , Cell Count , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Programmed Cell Death 1 Receptor , Signal Transduction , Stomatitis, Aphthous
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-852569

ABSTRACT

Objective To provide experimental basis for the identification of Vitex negundo var. cannabifolia fruits and V. negundo fruits by comparative study. Methods The original plant identification, morphological identification, microscopic identification, TLC and HPLC identification were adopted to distinguish the two kinds of materials. Results It is difficult to tell the difference of these two medicinal fruits in term of original plant identification and morphological identification to their similarity, while microscopic identification, TLC and HPLC identification revealed that the characteristics of sclereid could be used to distinguish these two fruits. Conclusion Microscopic identification on the sclereid characteristics of fruits powder, combined with TLC and HPLC identification can be the feasible method that used to distinguish V. negundo fruits and V. negundo var. cannabifolia fruits.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-617410

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the clinical efficacy of electroacupuncture (EA) on Alzheimer's disease (AD). Methods: A total of 50 AD patients were randomly allocated into a Western medication (WM) group (n=25) and an acupuncture plus medication (APM) group (n=25). Patients in the WM group took oral huperzine A capsules. In addition to huperzine A capsules, patients in the APM group also received EA at Shenting (GV 24), Baihui (GV 20), Dazhui (GV 14), Fengfu (GV 16), Mingmen (GV 4) and Yongquan (KI 1). The needles on the above points were connected to G6805-Ⅱelectric stimulator [3 pairs: Shenting (GV 24) and Baihui (GV 20); Dazhui (GV 14) and Fengfu (GV 16); and bilateral Yongquan (KI 1)]. The needles were retained 25 min. The treatment was done once a day, and 10 times made up a course of treatment. The patients received a total of 3 treatment courses. There was a 3-day interval between two courses. The mini-mental state examination (MMSE) and Hasegawa dementia scale revised (HDS-R) were conducted before and after treatment. The clinical efficacies were evaluated when the treatment was completed. Results: Before treatment, there were no between-group statistical differences in MMSE and HDS-R scores (both P>0.05). After treatment, the MMSE and HDS-R scores in the APM group were significantly higher than those in the WM group (both P<0.05). The total effective rate in the APM group was 88.0%, versus 76.0% in the WM group, showing a statistical difference (P<0.05). Conclusion: EA is effective for AD and can improve clinical symptoms in AD patients.

13.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1363-1370, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-614895

ABSTRACT

Aim To establish the rat model of Spleen-Qi deficiency, analyse the metabolic pathways and investigate the connection between the changed urinary metabolites and Spleen-Qi deficiency, in order to explore the potential mechanisms of Spleen-Qi deficiency.Methods With the binding methods of diarrhea induced by bitter and cold, abnormal of starvation and excessive tiredness, the rat Spleen-Qi deficiency model was established.Then the activity of creatine phosphokinase(CPK) was detected.The endogenous metabolites in the urine were detected by NMR, and the data were analyzed with multivariate and statistical methods.Then the metabolites were selected that could be clearly distinct in the two groups with the fold change value(>1.2) and the P<0.05 of Student′s t-test.Both the pathway analysis and enrichment analysis were performed with Metabo Analyst 3.0.Results Compared with the normal rats, the activity of CPK decreased significantly in model rats(P<0.05).A significant separation appeared in the principal components analysis(PCA) score plot when the control group and the model group were compared, indicating that the Spleen-Qi deficiency model was successfully duplicated.The 33 differential metabolites, which mainly involved in the metabolic pathways, were distinguished from the comparision of Spleen-Qi deficiency model group and control group.The metabolic pathways was related to energy metabolism, amino acid metabolism, nucleotide metabolism and disturbance of gut microbes.Conclusions The main energy metabolic pathways (tricarboxylic acid cycle, glycolysis and liquid oxidation) may be disturbed in Spleen-Qi deficiency rats.The energy supply function is suppressed, which leads to the fatigue and weight loss in rats.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-609856

ABSTRACT

Objective:The application of a combined ultrasound and pneumatic lithotripter for cholelithiasis was investigated.Methods:A total of 59 cases of cholelithiasis diagnosed by ultrasonography and CT were included in the study.All the patients had surgical treatment from January 2013 to December 2015,in which 30 patients were treated with a combined ultrasound and pneumatic lithotripter protocol (EMS group),and 29 patients were treated with traditional choledochoscope protocol(control group).All the patients were followed up for 3 months postoperation.The outcomes of patients in EMS group and control group were compared.Results:The postoperative stone free rate after the first operation is higher in EMS group than in control group(P<0.05).The operation time and total lengths of hospital stay were shorter in EMS group than in control group(P<0.05).There was no significant difference in intraoperative hematobilia rate,intraoperative bile duct injury rate,postoperative biliary tract infection rate,hepatic biochemical index and mortality between two groups(P>0.05).Conclusion:The combined ultrasound and pneumatic lithotripter is useful for treatment of cholelithiasis.

15.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 827-831, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-495536

ABSTRACT

Objective The purpose of study was to investigate the differences in the value of urine acute kidney injury ( AKI) biomarkers in the diagnosis and prognosis of AKI in patients with or without acute respiratory distress syndrome ( ARDS ) . Methods We collected the clinical data about 304 ICU patients, in-cluding 105 ARDS (49 in the lungs and 48 outside the lungs) and 199 non-ARDS cases.Using ELISA, we determined the levels of uN-GAL, uL-FABP, uKIM-1, and uIL-18 in the first 48 hours, compared the clinical data and AKI biomarkers between different groups of patients.We analyzed the differences in the diagnostic value of the AKI biomarkers using the ROC curve and their value in predicting hospital mortality by logistic regression analysis. Results Compared with the patients without AKI, the AKI cases exhibited a signif-icantly increased level of uKIM-1 (1.02 [0.57, 3.01] vs 4.68 [54.74, 270.54], P=0.000) in the ARDS group and that of uL-FABP in the non-ARDS group (102.69 [37.98, 348.09] vs 53.52 [10.86, 141.39], P=0.009).In the ARDS group, the area under the ROC curve (AUC) for the combined efficiency of the four AKI biomarkers was 0.81 (95% CI 0.70-0.92), markedly higher than that of uNGAL (0.57 [95%CI 0.43-0.70]), uL-FABP (0.55 [95%CI 0.39-0.71]), and uIL-18 (0.56 [95%CI 0.40-0.72]) alone (P<0.05), so was the AUC for the combined efficiency of the four biomarkers than that of each biomarker alone in the patients with ARDS in or outside the lungs (P<0.05).The OR value of uKIM-1 for predicting hospital mortality was 1.529 (95%CI 1.148-2.036) in the ARDS group, 1.593 (95%CI 1.070-2.369) in the patients with ARDS in the lungs, and 1.512 (95%CI 1.005-2.274) in those with ARDS outside the lungs. Conclusion There were differences of diagnostic and predictive value of Urine AKI biomarkers have different values in the diagnosis and prognosis of AKI in ARDS and non-ARDS patients and in those with ARDS in or outside the lungs.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-495309

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the expression of PD-1 mRNA and PD-L1 mRNA in peripheral blood mononuclear cells(PBMCs)of OLP patients.Methods:The peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets (CD3 +,CD4 +,CD8 +,CD1 9 +,CD1 6 ++56 +)and humoral immunity indexes (lgG,lgA,lgM,C3,C4)were detected in 36 patients with OLP by flow cytometry and nephelometry respectively.The expres-sions of PD-1 mRNA and PD-L1 mRNA in PBMCs of 36 patients with OLP and 1 8 healthy individuals(the controls)were detected by fluorescence quantitative PCR,the correlation of PD-1 mRNA or PD-L1 mRNA with the immune function of OLP patients was analysed. Results:In OLP patients the percentages of peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets (CD3 +,CD4 +,CD8 +,CD1 9 +,CD1 6 + +56 +)as well as the complement of C3 and C4 were lower(P <0.05),the percentages of CD1 9 +(B)and the level of lgMwere higher(P <0.05),the expression levels of PD-1 mRNA and PD-L1 mRNA in rPBMCs were higher(P <0.05)than in the controls.There was positive correla-tion between PD-1 mRNA and PD-L1 mRNA expression level.The expression level of PD-1 mRNA was negatively correlated with CD4 +,but positively with lgG,the expression level of PD-L1 mRNA was positively correlated with CD1 9 +.Conclusion:The up-regu-lation of PD-1 mRNA and PD-L1 mRNA in PBMCs is correlated with the immunity of OLP patients.PD-1 /PD-L1 pathway may play an important role in immune pathogenesis of OLP.

17.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 370-375, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-277067

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effects of culture supernatant of human amnion mesenchymal stem cells (hAMSCs-CS) on biological characteristics of human fibroblasts.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>(1) hAMSCs were isolated from deprecated human fresh amnion tissue of placenta and then sub-cultured. The morphology of hAMSCs on culture day 3 and hAMSCs of the third passage were observed with inverted phase contrast microscope. (2) Two batches of hAMSCs of the third passage were obtained, then the expression of vimentin of cells was observed with immunofluorescence method, and the expression of cell surface marker CD90, CD73, CD105, and CD45 was detected by flow cytometer. (3) hAMSCs-CS of the third passage at culture hour 72 were collected, and the content of insulin-like growth factor Ⅰ (IGF-Ⅰ), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), epidermal growth factor (EGF), and basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. (4) Human fibroblasts were isolated from deprecated human fresh prepuce tissue of circumcision and then sub-cultured. Human fibroblasts of the third passage were used in the following experiments. Cells were divided into blank control group and 10%, 30%, 50%, and 70% hAMSCs-CS groups according to the random number table (the same grouping method below), with 48 wells in each group. Cells in blank control group were cultured with DMEM/F12 medium containing 2% fetal bovine serum (FBS), while cells in the latter 4 groups were cultured with DMEM/F12 medium containing corresponding volume fraction of hAMSCs-CS and 2% FBS. The proliferation activity of cells was detected by cell counting kit 8 and microplate reader at culture hour 12, 24, 48, and 72, respectively, and corresponding volume fraction of hAMSCs-CS which causing the best proliferation activity of human fibroblasts was used in the following experiments. (5) Human fibroblasts were divided into blank control group and 50% hAMSCs-CS group and treated as in (4), with 4 wells in each group, at post scratch hour (PSH) 0 (immediately after scratch), 12, 24, 48, and 72, the migration distance of cells was observed and measured with inverted phase contrast microscope. (6) Human fibroblasts were grouped and treated as in (5), with 3 battles in each group, and apoptosis rate of cells was detected by flow cytometer. Data were processed with analysis of variance of factorial design, analysis of variance for repeated measurement, one-way analysis of variance, LSD test, and t test.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) On culture day 3, most hAMSCs were in large form, and spindle-shaped with much prominences like fibroblasts or in flat polygonal shape. hAMSCs of the third passage were spindle-shaped. The expression of vimentin of hAMSCs of the third passage was strongly positive, and the expressions of surface markers CD90, CD73, and CD105 of the cells were positive, while the expression of CD45 of the cells was negative. (2) The content of IGF-Ⅰ, VEGF, EGF, and bFGF in hAMSCs-CS were respectively (11.7±1.0), (316±68), (6.1±0.4), and (1.49±0.05) pg/mL. (3) At culture hour 12-72, the proliferation activity of human fibroblasts in each hAMSCs-CS group was significantly higher than that in blank control group (with P values below 0.01), and the proliferation activity of human fibroblasts in 50% hAMSCs-CS group was the highest. (4) The width of scratch in two groups was nearly the same at PSH 0. The migration distance of cells in 50% hAMSCs-CS group was significantly longer than that in blank control group at PSH 12-72 (with P values below 0.01). (5) The apoptosis rate of human fibroblasts in blank control group was (16.2±2.4)%, which was significantly higher than that in 50% hAMSCs-CS group [(7.4±3.6)%, t=6.710, P<0.01].</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>hAMSCs-CS can promote proliferation and migration of human fibroblasts and inhibit the apoptosis of human fibroblasts.</p>


Subject(s)
Amnion , Cell Biology , Apoptosis , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Cells, Cultured , Culture Media, Conditioned , Chemistry , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Epidermal Growth Factor , Metabolism , Female , Fibroblast Growth Factor 2 , Metabolism , Fibroblasts , Cell Biology , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Insulin-Like Growth Factor I , Metabolism , Male , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Chemistry , Pregnancy , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Metabolism
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-853535

ABSTRACT

Triterpene saponin is one of the important plant secondary metabolities, with anticancer, antivirus, and cholesterol lowering activities. However, the chemical structure of triterpen saponins and biosynthetic pathway are complicated. The content in plants is low and the cost of extract is high. So it is important to explore the biosynthetic pathway and the synthetic biology has become a hot spot for producing triterpene saponins. Synthetic biology has the broad application prospects on the scale production of triterpene saponins and their precursors. In this paper, the research progress in the biosynthetic pathway, synthetic biology, and its application on triterpene saponins are reviewed. The problems faced by synthetic biology are discussed and the great potential of synthetic biology in medicine fields is predicted.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-232559

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the role of miR-181c in glycolysis of cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) and explore the mechanism.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Human lung CAFs and normal fibroblasts (NFs), isolated from fresh human lung adenocarcinoma tissue specimens by primary culture of tissue explants, were transfected with a miR -181c mimics, a miR-181c inhibitor, a siRNA siRNA-HK2 or the vector HK2-vector via Lipofectamine(TM) 2000. Quantitative real-time PCR was used to analyze the changes in miR-125b expression in the transfected cells; hexokinase-2 (HK2) protein expression in the cells was detected using Western blotting, and the cellular glucose uptake was assessed with 2-NBDG. Lactate production in the cells was examined and expression of HK2 mRNA was detected with dual luciferase reporter gene assay.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>No obvious difference was found in the cell morphology between CAFs and NFs. Compared with the NFs, the CAFs showed obviously increased glucose uptake, lactate production and HK2 protein expression with decreased expressions of the miR-181 family (P<0.05). Transfection with the miR-181 inhibito- rsignificantly increased glucose uptake, lactate production and HK2 protein expression in the NFs. In CAFs, transfection with the miR-181 mimics caused significantly lowered glucose uptake, lactate production and HK2 protein expression of. Knockdown of endogenous HK2 by siRNA abolished miR-181 mimics-mediated decrease of glucose uptake and lactate production in CAFs, while transfection with miR-181 mimics suppressed HK2 overexpression-induced enhancement of glucose uptake and lactate production in NFs.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Transfection with miR-181 mimics can suppress glycolysis in CAFs by inhibiting HK2 expression.</p>


Subject(s)
4-Chloro-7-nitrobenzofurazan , Adenocarcinoma , Pathology , Deoxyglucose , Fibroblasts , Glycolysis , Hexokinase , Humans , Lung Neoplasms , Pathology , MicroRNAs , Pharmacology , RNA, Messenger , RNA, Small Interfering , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Transfection , Tumor Cells, Cultured
20.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 1724-1728, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-479279

ABSTRACT

AIM:To explore a more accurate and reliable pathological model of the chronic bronchitis , which has improved from the former single-factor modeling method of the disease .METHODS:The mice in complex group were treated with lipopolysaccharide ( LPS) by tracheal injection on the 1st day and nasal drops on the 14th day, and from the 2nd day to 30th day, the animals were given passive smoking and sulfur dioxide ( SO2 ) inhalation ( except on the 14th day).The mice in SO2 group were exposed to SO2 2 min per day, while in smoking group, the mice were exposed to smoke for about 1 h per day (4 cigarettes each time until one pack of cigarettes were burning up ).In LPS group, the mice had tracheal injection of LPS on the 1st day and nasal drops of LPS on the 14th day and 30th day.Every modeling process las-ted for 30 days.After modeling, the improvement of chronic bronchitis model was evaluated by testing the general condi-tions of the mice , analyzing leukocyte count in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid ( BALF ) , and observing the morphological changes of the bronchial and lung tissues .RESULTS:After modeling, the mice in every model group experienced symp-toms including wet nose, cough, dry and lusterless hair, arched back and curled-up body, showing inactive, and slow down in response .The mice in complex group gained the lowest weight compared to other groups .From each model group , the inflammatory cells infiltrated evidently around the bronchial walls , especially in the bronchial cavity , and the mucilage secretion in the airway increased .The total number of leukocytes in BALF increased significantly in complex group .The in-flammatory cell count in the lung tissue indicated that the mice in complex group had significantly higher levels of inflamma -tory cell infiltration.Besides, the comparison between smoke group and LPS group was statistically significant .CONCLU-SION:Smoking, SO2 inhalation and LPS injection induce bronchial lung disease in mice , and the complex chronic bron-chitis mouse model is a better model with the pathological changes of bronchus , lung tissue and BALF , and pathogenesis of chronic bronchitis .

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