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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880109

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the impact of early relapse (ER) after autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplan-tation (AHSCT) on overall survival (OS) for multiple myeloma (MM) patients.@*METHODS@#Clinical data of 37 patients with MM undergoing AHSCT in department of hematology of Shanxi Bethune Hospital from January 2012 to December 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. The effect of ER on OS of patients was analyzed. The effects of international staging system (ISS) staging, cytogenetics, pre-transplant efficacy, minimal residual disease, and age on OS of the patients were also analyzed respectively.@*RESULTS@#Among the 37 patients, 13 cases (35.1%) had ER, and 24 cases (64.9%) had non-ER. 3 patients with ER had extramedullary disease, but none with non-ER showed extramedullary disease. More than or equal to very good partial rate (VGPR) in patients with ER and without ER were 3 cases (23.1%) and 15 cases (62.5%), respectively, and the curative effect of the former was significantly lower than that of the latter (P<0.05). The median follow-up time was 31 (12-96) months, and median OS time was 93 months in all the patients. The median survival time of patients with ER was 17 months, and the median progression free survival was 7 months, both were significantly shorter than 93 months and 38 months of patients with non-ER (P<0.05). Univariate analysis showed that the OS was affected by ER, cytogenetic abnormalities (FISH), and ≥VGPR before transplantation. Multivariate analysis showed that ER was an independent prognostic factor.@*CONCLUSION@#The prognosis of patients with ER after AHSCT in newly diagnosed MM is poor. ER is an independent prognostic factor of survival.


Subject(s)
Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Multiple Myeloma , Prognosis , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Transplantation, Autologous , Treatment Outcome
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828306

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the molecular basis for two brothers affected with globozoospermia.@*METHODS@#Whole exome sequencing was carried out for both patients. Candidate variant was verified by Sanger sequencing and quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR).@*RESULTS@#Whole exome sequencing, Sanger sequencing and qRT-PCR verification revealed a heterozygous c.384dup (p.Glu129*) variant in the DPY19L2 gene in the two brothers and their mother. A large heterozygous deletion, spanning approximately 164.5 kb and encompassing the entire DPY19L2 gene, was detected on chromosome 12 of the two patients and their father.@*CONCLUSION@#The c.384dup (p.Glu129*) variant and deletion of the DPY19L2 gene probably underlie the pathogenesis of globozoospermia in the two patients, which was in keeping with the autosomal recessive inheritance of disease in this pedigree.


Subject(s)
Gene Deletion , Genetic Variation , Humans , Infertility, Male , Genetics , Male , Membrane Proteins , Genetics , Pedigree , Siblings , Teratozoospermia , Genetics , Whole Exome Sequencing
3.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1245-1250, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827132

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the value of serum free light chain (sFLC) κ/λ ratio (sFLCR) on the diagnosis and prognosis of patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma(MM), and explore the effect of sFLCR normalization on the prognosis of patients after 4 courses of induction therapy.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 43 newly diagnosed MM patients from January 2014 to January 2019 were analyzed retrospectively. Immunoturbidimetry was used to detect the expression levels of sFLC κ and λ. According to the ratio of involved and uninvolved sFLC, using 100 as a boundary, the MM patients were divided into the high ratio group (sFLCR≥100 or ≤0.01) and the low ratio group (0.010.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Patients in the high ratio group at the initial diagnosis have worse renal function, later stage of disease, lower deep remission rate, earlier disease progression, shorter survival time, and worse clinical prognosis.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Humans , Immunoglobulin Light Chains , Multiple Myeloma , Drug Therapy , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1823-1829, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825164

ABSTRACT

The protective effects of cyclosporin A (CsA), an inhibitor of mitochondrial permeability transition pore (MPTP), on vascular permeability in sepsis rats were investigated. Cecal ligation and puncture (CLP)-induced sepsis rats were used for in vivo studies, and the effects of CsA (1 and 5 mg·kg-1) on vascular permeability of lung, kidney, and intestine, mitochondrial respiratory control ratio, and the survival of the sepsis rats were observed. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was used for stimulating vascular endothelial cells (VECs) in vitro, and the effects of CsA on leakage of microvascular, immunofluorescence of zonula occludes-1 (ZO-1), and transendothelial electrical resistance (TER) were observed. All the animal welfare and experimental procedures are in accordance with the regulations of the Animal Ethics Committee of the Army Medical University. Compared with sham-operated group, the vascular permeability of lung, kidney, and intestine in sepsis rats increased significantly (P<0.05). Compared with conventional treatment group, CsA could significantly decrease the vascular permeability of lung, kidney, and intestine (P<0.05 or P<0.01), and prolong the survival period. The results of microcirculation also showed that CsA could significantly reduce the permeability of mesenteric venules in sepsis rats. At the cellular level, LPS stimulation significantly increased the permeability of vascular endothelial cells, including the decrease of transmembrane resistance and protein expression of ZO-1 (P<0.05). CsA can significantly reduce the increase of permeability of vascular endothelial cells induced by LPS stimulation (P<0.01). The function of mitochondria in the kidneys and intestines of sepsis rats was obviously impaired, and the respiratory control ratio of mitochondria was decreased. LPS significantly increased MPTP opening of VECs, while CsA significantly inhibited MPTP opening and improved mitochondrial function. CsA may protect mitochondrial function by inhibiting the opening of MPTP and play a protective role in the vascular permeability of sepsis rats. This study will provide an insight for the treatment of sepsis vascular leakage.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871255

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the epidemiological and molecular biological characteristics of heterogeneous vancomycin-intermediate Staphylococcus aureus (hVISA) in blood culture. Methods:hVISA was detected using Mueller-Hinton agar containing 5 μg/ml of teicoplanin (MHA5T) and Populats profiles/area under the curve (PAP/AUC). Staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec ( SCCmec), Staphylococcus aureus protein A ( spa) and accessory gene regulator ( agr) typing and multilocus-sequence typing (MLST) were analyzed using PCR. Difference in autolysis between hVISA and vancomycin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus (VSSA) isolates were evaluated with Triton X-100-inducd autolysis. Expression of vraR, mgrA, icaA, icaR, pbp4 and agr genes in hVISA and VSSA strains were detected by real-time PCR. Results:The positive detection rate of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in blood culture was 39.5% (136/344) in our hospital. Among the MRSA strains, there were 31 strains of hVISA (22.8%). The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) of vancomycin were mainly 1.5 μg/ml (54.8%) and 2 μg/ml(25.8%)against hVISA isolates, and 0.5 μg/ml (46.7%) and 0.75 μg/ml (39.0%) against VSSA isolates. The predominant clone of hVISA was ST239- SCCmecⅢ-t030- agrⅠ accounting for 71.0% (22/31). The autolysis of hVISA isolates decreased significantly as compared with that of VSSA isolates ( χ2=13.583, P=0.032). Compared with VSSA strains, the expression of vraR, mgrA and icaA genes in hVISA strains increased by 1.58, 1.53 and 1.06 times ( P<0.01), while the expression of icaR, agr and pbp4 genes decreased by 0.85, 0.61 and 1.03 times ( P<0.05). Conclusions:The prevalence rate of hVISA in our hospital reached 22.8% and the main epidemic clone was ST239- SCCmecⅢ-t030- agrⅠ, which should be paid great attention to clinically. Rational use of antibiotics, strengthening the prevention and control of nosocomial infection, and avoiding the spread of hVISA strains and the emergence of VISA and VRSA (vancomycin-resistance Staphylococcus aureus) were also necessary.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-849881

ABSTRACT

[Abstract] Objective To discuss the effect and the corresponding mechanism of transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1) in promoting the bronchial epithelia synthesis and the expression of thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP), so seek out a potential therapeutic target for asthma. Methods Human bronchial epithelia cells (HBEc) were cultured in vitro, and then divided into 0h group, 3h group, 6h group, 12h group, 24h group and 48h group to evaluate the effect of TGF-β1 stimulation in different time points; and divided into 0ng/ml group, 0.1ng/ml group, 1ng/ml group and 10ng/ml group to evaluate the effect of TGF-β1 stimulation in different concentrations. SB431542, a TGF-β1 antagonist, was used to block the effect of TGF-β1, HBEc were divided into negative control group, TGF-β1 group (1ng/ml TGF-β1) and TGF-β1+SB431542 group (1ng/ml TGF-β1+10μmol/L SB431542). Western blotting was performed to detect the protein expression level of TSLP, p-Smad3 and Smad3, while qRT-PCR was performed to determine the mRNA transcription level of TSLP. Concentrations of TSLP in HBEc culture supernatants were measured by ELISA. Results As the co-culture time with TGF-β1 prolonged, the expression of TSLP in HBEc increased. The relative expression of TSLP protein was significantly higher in 24h group (0.803±0.022) than in 0h group (0.350±0.032, P<0.05), and the relative expression of TSLP mRNA also increased (4.957±0.391 vs. 1.002±0.086, P<0.05). The levels of TSLP mRNA transcription and protein expression were significantly higher in 1ng/ml TGF-β1 group (7.954±2.004; 1.522±0.003) than in 0ng/ml TGF-β1 group (1.008±0.152; 0.758±0.014, P<0.05). The concentrations of TSLP in HBEc culture supernatants were markedly higher in 1ng/ml TGF-β1 group than in 0ng/ml TGF-β1 group (160.157±7.050 vs. 138.817±1.940, P<0.05). The ratio of p-Smad3/Smad3 declined obviously in TGF-β1+SB431542 group than in TGF-β1 group (0.808±0.063 vs. 1.116±0.049, P<0.05). Meanwhile, the relative expression of TSLP protein was significantly lower in TGF-β1+SB431542 group than in TGF-β1 group (1.016±0.030 vs. 1.186±0.045, P<0.05). Conclusion TGF-β1 may induce the expression of TSLP in HBEc by up-regulating Smad3 phosphorylation, which may be a novel method in curing asthma.

7.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2517-2522, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-751307

ABSTRACT

@#ObjectiveTo investigate the association between fasting blood glucose and the risk of cholelithiasis. MethodsA total of 87513 individuals who underwent fasting blood glucose test and liver/biliary ultrasound in health examination in Kailuan from 2006 to 2007 were enrolled as subjects, and according to the results of blood glucose test, the subjects were divided into normal blood glucose group with 73456 subjects, impaired fasting blood glucose group with 7165 subjects, and diabetic group with 6892 subjects. The log-rank test was used to compare the cumulative incidence rate of cholelithiasis between groups; the Cox proportional hazards model was used to analyze the influence of different levels of fasting blood glucose on new-onset cholelithiasis and calculate hazard ratio (HR) and 95% confidence interval (CI); a stratified analysis was used to compare the risk of cholelithiasis between the individuals with different levels of fasting blood glucose in the groups with different sexes, blood lipid levels, and levels of body mass index (BMI). A one-way analysis of variance was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between multiple groups, and the Kruskal-Wallis H test was used for comparison of continuous data with skewed distribution between multiple groups. The chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between groups. ResultsThere was a significant difference in the cumulative incidence rate of cholelithiasis between the normal blood glucose group, the impaired fasting blood glucose group, and the diabetic group (10.91% vs 12.17% vs 18.86%, χ2=27.94, P<0.05). After the continuous adjustment for the other factors in the Cox proportional hazards model analysis, compared with the normal blood glucose group, the impaired fasting blood glucose group had a risk of new-onset cholelithiasis of 0.97(95%CI: 0.85-1.11, P=0.587), and the diabetic group had a risk of new-onset cholelithiasis of 1.15(95%CI: 1.01-1.30, P=0.019). The stratified analysis showed that diabetes was a risk factor for new-onset cholelithiasis in male individuals (HR=1.16, 95%CI: 1.01-1.33, P=0.043), individuals with normal blood lipids (HR=1.22, 95%CI: 1.01-1.49, P=0.044), and individuals with overweight based on BMI (HR=1.16, 95%CI: 1.01-1.35, P=0.048). ConclusionDiabetes can increase the risk of cholelithiasis. Diabetes is an independent risk factor for cholelithiasis in men, individuals with normal blood lipids, and individuals with overweight based on BMI.

8.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1088-1093, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775759

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of inhibiting proliferation and inducing apoptosis of low-dose triptolide and sorafenib alone or in combination on FLT3-ITD acute myeloid leukemia cell line MV4-11 and STAT5 pathway.@*METHODS@#The MV4-11 cells were treated with low dose triptolide(IC) and sorafenib(IC) alone or in combination for 48 hours. The cell proliferation and inhibition were detected by using CCK-8 kit, the cell apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry, the expression of FLT3,STAT5 in mRNA and protein levels was detected by RT-PCR and Western blot respectively.@*RESULTS@#The treatment of MV4-11 cells with low dose triptolide and sorafenib alone and in combination for 48 hours could inhibit cell proliferation and induce cell apoptosis, moreover the inhibitory rate and apoptotic rate of MV4-11 cells in drug-combination group both were higher than those in single drug group. The mRNA expression and protein expression of FLT3,STAT5 signaling pathway in drug combination group were significantly lower than those in single drug group.@*CONCLUSION@#Low-dose triptolide combined with sorafenib can synergistically inhibit the proliferation and induce the apoptosis of MV4-11 cells, which may be related with the inhibition of FLT3 and STAT5 pathway.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Diterpenes , Epoxy Compounds , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Phenanthrenes , STAT5 Transcription Factor , Sorafenib , fms-Like Tyrosine Kinase 3
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791842

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize the experiences of diagnosing and treating acute pancreatitis (AP) after kidney transplantation .Methods From September 2007 to December 2017 , clinical data were retrospectively analyzed for 12 AP patients after kidney transplantation .Results They were diagnosed as AP within 72 h after an onset of abdominal pain .Among 4 recurrent cases within 1 week post-transplantation ,the curative interventions included non-operative therapy (n=2) and peripancreatic puncture & drainage (n=2) .AP occurred at 1 year post-transplantation (n=8) . Three cases were cured non-surgically while another 5 cases underwent surgery . The procedures included laparoscopic cholecystectomy ( n = 1 ) , endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) for cholelithiasis (n=1) and peripancreatic puncture & drainage (n= 2) .One patient died after surgical debridement for adjacent pancreatic tissue .Conclusions After kidney transplantation , the occurrence of AP may be associated with immunosuppressants interfering with triglyceride metabolism and pancreatic microcirculation .For those with cholelithiasis-related pancreatitis ,surgical removal of precipitating factor is required .Mini-invasive puncture and drainage are preferred for severe non-gallstone pancreatitis while surgery is performed whenever necessary .

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815830

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To study the effects of serum and its components on biofilm formation of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. @*Methods@#96 well microplates combined with crystal violet staining was used to detect the effects of serum, albumin and transferrin on biofilm formation of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. And confocal laser scanning microscope was used to observe the morphology of the biofilm. @*Results@#The biofilm of PAO1 was significantly enhanced from 2.26±0.42 to 3.42±0.08(t=4.71, p<0.01)with horse serum and but reduced to 0.807±0.10(t=4.71,p<0.01) by human serum; And the total biofilm biomass was significantly increased and clump-changed with horse serum, but decreased and scattered in distribution by human serum. Besides, horse serum could also enhance the biofilm formation of part of the clinical isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, however, human serum could inhibit the biofilm formation of all of the clinical isolates. And 2.5g/L albumin could significantly enhance the biofilm of PAO1 from 1.96±0.22 to 2.54±0.18(t=3.55,p<0.05), but 5 g/L could reduce the biofilm of PAO1 from 1.85±0.36 to 0.84±0.24(t=4.03,p<0.05).@*Conclusion@#Horse serum and albumin could significantly promote the biofilm formation of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, but human serum and transferrin could decrease its biofilm formation.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702501

ABSTRACT

Acute spinal cord injury(ASCI)can be divided into primary injury and secondary injury.Spinal cord edema is important for the development of secondary injury after ASCI.Spinal cord edema can be mainly divided into cytotoxic edema and angioedema.The application of dehydrating agents in the treatment of acute spinal cord injury is obvious.This article de-scribed the application of mannitol,hypertonic saline,glycerol fructose,furosemide,human serum albumin,resveratrol and other dehydrating agents in the treatment of ASCI.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701075

ABSTRACT

AIM:To observe the cyclic adenosine monophosphate(cAMP)transfer across myoendothelial gap junctions(MEGJ)in the regulatory effect of angiopoietin-2(Ang2)on hyporeactivity after hypoxia in vascular smooth mus-cle cells(VSMCs ).METHODS:The double-sided cell co-culture model of vascular endothelial cells(VECs )and VSMCs was set up.The protein expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase(iNOS)was determined by Western blot.The contraction of VSMCs was detected via the leakage of FITC-labeled bovine serum albumin.Alexa Fluor 488-cAMP was used as the tracer to observe the cAMP transfer across MEGJ from VECs to VSMCs.RESULTS:In cultured VECs and VSMCs alone ,the cAMP concentrations were both significantly increased after exogenous Ang 2 treatment and hypoxia ,and more in VECs than that in VSMCs(P<0.05).In the double-sided cell co-culture model,the difference was weakened,and the increase in cAMP concentration in VSMCs after exogenous Ang 2 treatment and hypoxia was antagonized by connexin 43(Cx43)small interfering RNA(siRNA)(P<0.05).Alexa Fluor 488-cAMP in VECs transfered into VSMCs after exoge-nous Ang2 treatment and hypoxia,which was also antagonized by Cx43 siRNA(P<0.05).The cAMP antagonist inhibited the protein expression of iNOS in the VSMCs and the hyporeactivity of the VSMCs after exogenous Ang 2 treatment and hy-poxia(P<0.05).CONCLUSION:Ang2 may regulate the protein expression of iNOS in VSMCs and the hyporeactivity of VSMCs after hypoxia through the cAMP transfer across MEGJ.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-695717

ABSTRACT

Objective·To amplify the interferon regulator factor 3 (IRF3) short hairpin RNA (shRNA) virus and investigate the effect of the virus on the nuclear expression of Irak1bp1 protein in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated Raw 264.7 cells. Methods?·?Adenovirus was amplified in HEK293T cells and the virus titer was detected by TCID 50 assay. The Raw 264.7 cells were randomly divided into four groups including adenovirus (-) LPS (-) group, adenovirus (-) LPS (+) group, adenovirus (+) LPS (-) group and adenovirus (+) LPS (+) group. The expression of intracellular IRF3 mRNA was detected by real-time PCR, and the nuclear expression of IRF3 and Irak1bp1 protein were detected by Western blotting. Results?·?The titer of adenovirus was 2.2×1011PFU/mL and the best MOI was 300. The expression of IRF3 mRNA and nuclear IRF3 protein in LPS-stimulated Raw 264.7 cells were significantly higher than those of the control group. The cellular constitutive expression of IRF3 at mRNA level and the LPS-induced expression of IRF3 were significantly inhibited after transfection of Raw 264.7 cells with adenovirus strains carrying IRF3 shRNA. However, the nuclear constitutive expression of IRF3 protein was not affected by IRF3 shRNA in the unstimulated state. The expression of nuclear Irak1bp1 protein was significantly higher than that of the control group. The nuclear constitutive expression and the LPS-induced expression of Irak1bp1 protein were not affected by IRF3 shRNA. Conclusion?·?Transfection of LPS-stimulated Raw 264.7 cells with adenovirus strains carrying IRF3 shRNA could effectively inhibit the expression of IRF3, but not affect the nuclear expression of Irak1bp1 protein.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694492

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effect of Carthamin Yellow (CY) on cell proliferation, apoptosis, migration and invasion ability of breast cancer and its related molecular mechanisms. Methods CCK-8 assay was used to detect cell viability of MDA-MB-231 human breast cancer cells by different concentrations of CY at different time;flow cytometry was used to test the apoptosis rate of MDA-MB-231 cells treated by different concentrations of CY and transwell assay was used to investigate the effect of various concentrations of CY on MDA-MB-231 cell migration and invasion.After the intervention of different concentrations of CY on MDA-MB-231 cells, apoptosis-related protein Cleaved-Caspase-3, survival protein p-Akt and metastasis-related protein MMP2 were detected by western blot. Results (1) CY could inhibit the proliferation of MDA-MB-231 cells in a dose-and-time-dependent manner. (2) CY significantly promoted the apoptosis of breast cancer cells ( <0.01) . (3) CY could decrease the expression of p-Akt and increase the expression of Cleaved-Caspase-3. (4) CY impaired migration and invasion of MDA-MB-231 cells ( <0.01), and can inhibit the expression of MMP2. Conclusion CY could promote the apoptosis of breast cancer cells through activation of apoptosis signaling, and can inhibit breast cancer cell metastasis by suppressing MMP2. And CY may be a potential therapeutic drug for human breast cancer.

15.
JCPSP-Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan. 2017; 27 (9): 582-583
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-190360

ABSTRACT

Pulmonary papillary adenoma is a rare tumor. Two cases without any clinical symptoms were enrolled in our hospital. Both cases were incidentally detected in pulmonary area by imaging. Pathological examination revealed well-circumscribed nodules consisting of papillary growth of cuboidal to low columnar epithelial cells lining the surface of the fibrovascular stroma. Immunohistochemistry [IHC] staining showed that the lining cells were diffusely positive for TTF-1, CK, p63, CK7, and Napsin A. The Ki-67 proliferation index was approximately 2%. The morphological features and the IHC profile of the tumor were in agreement with that of pulmonary papillary adenoma. Both patients are doing well without recurrence or metastasis of the tumor

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-256513

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the changes of peripheral blood neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet- lymphocyte ratio (PLR) in patients in acute stage of bronchial asthma and their clinical significance.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 262 patients with acute asthma, including 97 critical and 175 non-critical patients, were recruited from our hospital between January, 2013 and May, 2016, with 130 healthy individuals as the control group. The absolute neutrophil count, absolute lymphocyte count, platelet, NLR and PLR were compared among different groups, and their diagnostic values were evaluated using the area under the receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The absolute neutrophil count, absolute lymphocyte count, PLR and NLR (P<0.0001), but not platelet count (P=0.971), differed significantly among the 3 groups. The absolute lymphocyte count was significantly lower while the absolute neutrophil count, NLR and PLR were significantly higher in asthmatic patients in critical condition than in patients in non-critical condition and the control subjects (P<0.0001), and these parameters showed no significant differences between latter two groups (P>0.05). The areas under the curve of absolute neutrophil count, absolute lymphocyte count, NLR and PLR for the diagnosis of acute exacerbation of bronchial asthma were 0.802, 0.784, 0.873 and 0.795, respectively (all P<0.01); the optimal cut-off value of NLR was 2.58 for the diagnosis with a sensitivity of 82.8% and a specificity of 81.1%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Peripheral blood NLR and PLR are increased in asthmatic patients, and their variations offer assistance in the diagnosis and assessment of bronchial asthma.</p>

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-513645

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate mechanisms underlying the prevention of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) in mice by intraperitoneal infusion of myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein 35-55 (MOG35-55) (MOG i.p.).Methods C57BL/6 mice were immunized with MOG35-55 to establish the model of EAE and then were intraperitoneally injected daily with MOG35-55 or ovalbumin (OVA, served as control) from day 6 to day 16.EAE was evaluated daily using a general clinical scoring system and histological analysis.Numbers of lymphocytes in peripheral blood and central nervous system (CNS) were detected at different time points.Effects of MOG i.p.on the migration of MOG-T cells in vivo were analyzed by an adoptive transfer experiment.Maturation of splenic antigen-presenting cells (APCs) and migration of MOG-T cells in vitro were examined by fluorescence activated cell sorting (FACS) and a Transwell system, respectively.Results MOG i.p.protected the mice from development of EAE by blocking the lymphocyte recruitment to CNS.More effector T cells were trapped in the periphery of EAE and naive mice in adoptive transfer experiment after MOG i.p.treatment.MOG i.p.induced the maturation of splenic APCs and enhanced the expression of CD80, CD86 and major histocompatibility complex class Ⅱ (MHCⅡ) molecules.Mature APCs blocked the recruitment of effector T cells to CNS.Conclusion MOG i.p.protects mice from EAE by inducing the maturation of splenic APCs.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-668202

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (UC-MSCs) are a kind of pluripotent stem cells capable of relieving inflammation and edema in injured areas, promoting microvascular regeneration and improving wound healing. OBJECTIVE: To explore the therapeutic effects of UC-MSCs transplantation on acute traumatic brain injury (TBI) in rats and the effect on microvessel density of the rat brain tissue. METHODS: Thirty Sprague Dawley rats were randomly divided into three groups, control group, TBI model group and UC-MSCs treatment group (n=10 per group). TBI models were made in the rats by free fall method. US-MSCs (1.5×106) were infused through the cerebral ventricle in the rats. Neurological severity scores were assessed at 24 hours after cell transplantation. The microvessel density in the injured brain tissue was detected using immunohistochemistry method at 14 days after cell transplantation. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Compared with the TBI model group, the microvessel density value was significantly increased after UC-MSCs transplantation (P < 0.05), and the neurological severity score also became better in the UC-MSCs treatment group (P < 0.05). In summary, UC-MSCs transplantation can effectively improve became vascular remodeling and have a good neuroprotection in acute TBI rats.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-667823

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the correlation between residual strength of neck and shoulder muscles and respiratory function in patients with cervical spinal cord injury.Methods From January,2015 to June,2016,the muscle strength of sternocleidomastoid,trapezius and deltoid was tested in 30 patients with cervical spinal cord injury five and 24 weeks after injury.Meanwhile,their neurological and pul-monary function was evaluated.Results There was correlation between the vital capacity and muscle strength of deltoid both five and 24 weeks after injury(r>0.806,P<0.05)in the patients intermittent without ventilation,and it was found in sense score five weeks after injury (r=0.914,P<0.01),motor score(r=0.979,P<0.001)and the muscle strength of trapezius(r=0.894,P<0.01)24 weeks after injury.Conclu-sion The residual strength of neck and shoulder muscles,especially of deltoid,plays an important role in the respiratory function in patients with cervical spinal cord injury.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-666669

ABSTRACT

The bevacizumab and its glycoforms were analyzed by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight-time of flight-mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS), sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis ( SDS-PAGE) and short-gun strategy, with the sequence of unique peptide and seventeen glycoforms being characterized. The bevacizumab and its glycopeptides concentrations in mice plasma with different intravenous injection doses of bevacizumab were detected and the concentration-time curves were obtained by parallel reaction monitoring ( PRM) method based on liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS / MS) technique. First, standard curves were created for quantification of mAb in mice plasma, which showed good linearity, with the correlation coefficient (R2 ) value of 0. 998 and the lower limit of quantification of 66 fmol. Detection results of high and low doses of the drug in the mice plasma samples showed that the drug concentration-time curve trend was consistent, e. g. the concentration was decreasing. However, the results of quantitation of seventeen glycoforms demonstrated that the metabolism of different glycoforms was different. The concentrations of most glycoforms increased first, whereas the metabolism afterwards differed by different glycoforms.

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