Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 132
Filter
1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-890410

ABSTRACT

Background@#Autophagy maintains muscle mass and healthy skeletal muscles. Several recent studies have associated sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption with diseases. We investigated whether muscle dysfunction due to obesity could be restored by SSB restriction (SR) alone or in combination with exercise (EX) training. @*Methods@#Obese mice were subjected to SR combined with treadmill EX. Intraperitoneal glucose tolerance test, grip strength test, hanging time test, and body composition analysis were performed. Triglyceride (TG) and total cholesterol (TC) serum concentrations and TG concentrations in quadriceps muscles were analyzed. Western blot and reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction helped analyze autophagy-related protein and mRNA expression, respectively. @*Results@#SR alone had no significant effect on fasting blood glucose levels, glucose tolerance, and muscle function. However, it had effect on serum TC, serum TG, and BCL2 interacting protein 3 expression. SR+EX improved glucose tolerance and muscle function and increased serum TC utilization than SR alone. SR+EX reduced P62 levels, increased glucose transporter type 4 and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ coactivator-1α protein expression, and improved grip strength relative to the high-fat and high-sucrose liquid (HFHS) group, and this was not observed in the HFHS+EX group. @*Conclusion@#SR induced mitophagy-related protein expression in quadriceps, without affecting muscle function. And, the combination of SR and EX activated mitophagy-related proteins and improved muscle function.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929918

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the imaging characteristics of chest CT angiography in patients with active pulmonary tuberculosis complicated with pulmonary embolism, so as to improve the detection rate of active pulmonary tuberculosis complicated with pulmonary embolism.Methods:The clinical data of 103 patients with active pulmonary tuberculosis treated in Tianjin Haihe Hospital from January 2013 to January 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, including general conditions, symptoms and complications. According to the occurrence of pulmonary embolism, the patients were divided into active pulmonary tuberculosis complicated with pulmonary embolism group (study group, n=43) and active pulmonary tuberculosis without pulmonary embolism group (control group, n=60). The time between the onset of pulmonary embolism and the onset of tuberculosis of the patients in the study group was collected. The chest CT imaging characteristics of the patients of two groups were analyzed. The imaging characteristics, embolism distribution and secondary changes of the patients in the study group were summarized. Results:Time from onset of tuberculosis to pulmonary embolism of the patients in the study group was about 60 days (14 days to 75 days). The incidence of chest tightness and dyspnea of the patients in the study group was significantly higher than that in the control group (all P<0.05). The number of lung lobes involved in lung lesions of the patients in the study group was significantly higher than that in the control group ( P<0.05). The incidence of lesions in the middle lobe of the right lung, the tongue lobe of the left lung and the lower lobes of both lungs of the patients in the study group was higher than that in the control group (all P<0.05). The incidence of peripheral pulmonary embolism was significantly higher than that of central pulmonary embolism ( P<0.05). However, the incidence of atelectasis, pulmonary artery widening, and right heart enlargement in the patients with central pulmonary embolism was significantly higher than that in the patients with central pulmonary embolism (all P<0.05). Conclusions:Multi-slice spiral CT chest angiography can show some important imaging manifestations of patients with active pulmonary tuberculosis and pulmonary embolism, which is helpful for the early detection of the disease and the improvement of its prognosis. Multi slice spiral CT chest angiography can show some important imaging manifestations of patients with active pulmonary tuberculosis complicated with pulmonary embolism, and timely detection is helpful to improve the prognosis of patients with active pulmonary tuberculosis complicated with pulmonary embolism.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908397

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the neurodevelopmental status of very/extremely low birth weight preterm infants with gestational age less than 32 weeks at the corrected age of 1 year.Methods:Preterm infants admitted to the Neonatology Department after birth at Guangzhou Women and Children′s Medical Center from January 2015 to December 2018 and followed up regularly to the high-risk infants clinic for at least 1 year after discharge were selected as the research subjects.According to the birth weight(BW), preterm infants were divided into very/extremely low birth weight group(BW<1 500 g), low birth weight group(1 500 g<BW<2 500 g)and normal birth weight group(2 500 g≤BW<4 000 g). The neurodevelopment of preterm infants with different BW at the corrected age of 1 year were compared and the influence of perinatal risk factors on neurodevelopment of very/extremely low birth weight preterm infants were analyzed.Results:A total of 270 preterm infants were included in the study, including 95 in the very/extremely low birth weight group, 124 in the low birth weight group, and 51 in the normal birth weight group.At the corrected age of 1 year, adaptability, gross motor, fine motor, language, individual sociability and development quotient(DQ) in the very/extremely low birth weight group were lower than those in the other two groups( P<0.05). The incidence of neurodevelopmental abnormality(DQ<85)in very/extremely low birth weight preterm infants was 42.1%(40/95) at the corrected age of 1 year.The incidence of intracranial hemorrhage in neurodevelopmental abnormality group(85.0%, 34/40) was higher than that in the control group(29.1%, 16/55)( P<0.05). Conclusion:Very/extremely low birth weight preterm infants are at high risk of neurodevelopmental abnormality at the age of 1 year, and intracranial hemorrhage may be a related potential risk factor.Perinatal follow-up care and early intervention should be emphasized to strengthen neurodevelopmental monitoring.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-898114

ABSTRACT

Background@#Autophagy maintains muscle mass and healthy skeletal muscles. Several recent studies have associated sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption with diseases. We investigated whether muscle dysfunction due to obesity could be restored by SSB restriction (SR) alone or in combination with exercise (EX) training. @*Methods@#Obese mice were subjected to SR combined with treadmill EX. Intraperitoneal glucose tolerance test, grip strength test, hanging time test, and body composition analysis were performed. Triglyceride (TG) and total cholesterol (TC) serum concentrations and TG concentrations in quadriceps muscles were analyzed. Western blot and reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction helped analyze autophagy-related protein and mRNA expression, respectively. @*Results@#SR alone had no significant effect on fasting blood glucose levels, glucose tolerance, and muscle function. However, it had effect on serum TC, serum TG, and BCL2 interacting protein 3 expression. SR+EX improved glucose tolerance and muscle function and increased serum TC utilization than SR alone. SR+EX reduced P62 levels, increased glucose transporter type 4 and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ coactivator-1α protein expression, and improved grip strength relative to the high-fat and high-sucrose liquid (HFHS) group, and this was not observed in the HFHS+EX group. @*Conclusion@#SR induced mitophagy-related protein expression in quadriceps, without affecting muscle function. And, the combination of SR and EX activated mitophagy-related proteins and improved muscle function.

5.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 115-119, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862555

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the clinical features of patients with hepatic myelopathy (HM) in China. MethodsThe articles on HM, published in China from January 2009 to December 2018, were collected to analyze the clinical features, laboratory examination results, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of HM patients. ResultsA total of 94 articles were included, with 562 patients in total, among whom there were 489 male patients and 73 female patients. Their age ranged from 17-81 years, with a mean age of 46.3±17.5 years. Hepatitis B cirrhosis was the most common etiology (64.4%), followed by alcoholic cirrhosis (10.3%) and hepatitis C cirrhosis (9.2%). The clinical manifestations of HM mainly included decline of muscle strength (89.50%), tendon hyperreflexia (76.87%), ataxia, and movement disorder (76.51%). Laboratory examination showed an increase in blood ammonia by 92.31% and a reduction in albumin by 88.96%. Imaging diagnosis mainly depended on electromyography (64.92%) and spinal cord MRI (22.82%), and abdominal color Doppler ultrasound, CT, or MRI alone has limited clinical value. After comprehensive medical treatment, no patient (0%) was cured, 106 patients (18.86%) were improved, 211 patients (37.54%) had no response, 31 patients (5.52%) worsened, 129 patients (22.95%) died, and 53 patients (9.43%) were not explained. A total of 39 patients underwent liver transplantation, with an improvement rate of 5641%. ConclusionHM is a rare complication of end-stage liver disease and is mainly observed in middle-aged men. It has the main manifestation of chronic and progressive spastic paraplegia of both lower limbs. Currently, there is no effective treatment method, and liver transplantation is feasible for some patients, with poor treatment response and poor prognosis.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821523

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To study the effect of miR-340-5p on the proliferation of laryngeal cancer Hep2 cells and explore its intrinsic molecular mechanism, so as to screen potential biomarkers and targets for the diagnosis and treatment of laryngeal cancer. @*Method@#The expression of miR-340-5p in laryngeal cancer tissues, paracancerous tissues, laryngeal cancer cell lines Hep2 and normal bronchial HBE cell lines was quantitatively analyzed by qRT-PCR; The double luciferase reporter vector was constructed to verify whether STAT3 was a potential target gene of microRNA-340-5p; The miR-340-5p mimics/inhibitor was transfected into Hep2 cells by liposome and verified by qRT-PCR; The CCK-8 method and Annexin V/PI method were used to analyze the proliferation and apoptosis of transfected cells; and Western Blot was used to detect the expression of STAT3 and Wnt/β-catenin pathway-related proteins after transfection. @*Result@#The results of qRT-PCR showed that the level of miR-340-5p in laryngeal cancer tissues and Hep2 cells was significantly lower than that in adjacent tissues and HBE cells, and the expression of miR-340-5p was significantly increased or decreased after overexpression or inhibition; Luciferase activity showed that miR-340-5p directly interacted with target gene STAT3 3'-UTR and negatively regulated its expression; Cell proliferation and apoptosis analysis showed that up-regulation of microRNA-340-5p could significantly inhibit the proliferation and induce apoptosis of Hep2 cells in vitro, and vice versa; Western Blot results showed that the levels of STAT3 and β-catenin, c-Myc, TCF-4, CyclinD1 and ROCK1 in Hep2 cells were significantly lower than those in the control group after over-expression of miR-340-5p, and vice versa. @*Conclusion@#The expression of miR-340-5p is abnormally low in laryngeal cancer tissues and Hep2 cells. It can be used as a potential biological target for diagnosis and treatment of laryngeal cancer by targeting STAT3 gene to negatively regulate Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865701

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze and summarize the clinical characteristics of autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) patients in China from 2009 to 2018.Methods:Studies published from January 2009 to December 2018 were searched in CNKI, Wanfang and VIP databases by using " autoimmune pancreatitis" , " immune pancreatitis" and " IgG related pancreatitis" as search items, respectively. One hundred and ten articles were finally included, and a total of 2 364 AIP patients were involved. The gender, age, clinical manifestations, laboratory tests, radiological examination, treatment and prognosis of these AIP patients were analyzed and summarized.Results:Among the 2 364 AIP patients, there were 1 777 males and 587 females, with an average age of 58 years. The main clinical manifestations were jaundice(61.31%), abdominal pain(52.45%), abdominal discomfort(34.78%) and body weight loss(22.62%). 50.13% of the patients suffered from extrapancreatic manifestations. Serological examination detected significantly increased levels of IgG4 (74.14%), CRP (73.68%), IgG (71.41%), erythrocyte sedimentation (67.34%), total bilirubin (62.44%), ALT/AST(50.83%), CA19-9(43.85%) and positive rheumatoid factor (42.04%). Pancreatic diffuse (46.87%) and regional enlargement (21.87%) was found in AIP patients by imaging examination. The pancreatic pathological manifestations mainly included lymphoplasmic cell infiltration, pancreatic acinar destruction and atrophy, fibrous tissue proliferation, and positive IgG4 deposition by immunohistochemistry. 282 patients (11.92%) were misdiagnosed, while 70.12% of AIP patients were attenuated by hormones therapies.Conclusions:AIP, which is more common in male in China, is often accompanied by extrapancreatic manifestations. Although imaging examinations were helpful for diagnosis, the misdiagnosis rate remains high. Clinicians need to raise awareness, enhance the ability to diagnose and treat AIP, thus reducing misdiagnosis.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864980

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the difference of physical growth and neurodevelopmen between small for gestational age (SGA) preterm infants and appropriate for gestational age (AGA) preterm infants, and to promote follow-up management and early intervention in SGA preterm infants after discharge.Methods:Preterm infants, who were born at Guangzhou Women and Children′s Medical Center and received regular follow-up management after discharge in high-risk infants outpatient, were enrolled in this study from January 2015 to December 2018.According to gestational age and birth weight, the participants were divided into SGA group and AGA group.Height, weight, head circumference and Gesell outcomes of infants were observed at 6 months and 12 months of corrected age.Results:A total of 144 preterm infants were included in the study, including 63 cases in SGA group and 81 cases in AGA group. Height, weight and head circumference of the SGA group at 6 months and 12 months of corrected age were all lower than the AGA group ( P<0.05). In addition, adaptability, great movement, language, personal social interaction and development quotient in the SGA group were all lower than those in the AGA group at 6 months of corrected age ( P<0.05), while fine movement was not statistically significant ( P>0.05). At 12 months of corrected age, there were no statistically significant differences in adaptability, macro motor, fine motor, language, social interaction and development quotient between the two groups ( P>0.05). Conclusion:The physical growth of SGA preterm infants falls for behind that of AGA preterm infants.It is still unable for SGA preterm infants to achieve catch-up growth at 12 months of corrected age, their catch-up period may take longer, but the neurodevelopment can reach the same level of preterm AGA.The clinician should pay more attention to the follow-up management and early intervention after discharge.

9.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 467-471, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941065

ABSTRACT

Objective: To identify the characteristics including clinical features and pulmonary computed tomography (CT) features of heart failure and COVID-19. Methods: This study was a retrospective study. A total of 7 patients with heart failure and 12 patients with COVID-19 in the Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University between December 1, 2019 and February 15, 2020 were enrolled. The baseline clinical and imaging features of the two groups were statistically analyzed. Results: There was no significant difference in age and sex between the two groups(both P>0.05), but the incidence of epidemiological contact history, fever or respiratory symptoms in the COVID-19 group was significantly higher than that in the heart failure group (12/12 vs. 0, P<0.001; 12/12 vs. 4/7, P=0.013). While the proportion of cardiovascular diseases and impaired cardiac function was significantly less than that of the heart failure group(2/12 vs.7/7, P<0.001;0 vs.7/7, P<0.001). For imaging features, both groups had ground-glass opacity and thickening of interlobular septum, but the ratio of central and gradient distribution was higher in patients with heart failure than that in patients with COVID-19 (4/7 vs. 1/12, P=0.04). In heart failure group, the ratio of the expansion of pulmonary veins was also higher (3/7 vs. 0,P=0.013), and the lung lesions can be significantly improved after effective anti-heart failure treatment. Besides, there were more cases with rounded morphology in COVID-19 group(9/12 vs. 2/7, P=0.048). Conclusions: More patients with COVID-19 have epidemiological history and fever or respiratory symptoms. There are significant differences in chest CT features, such as enlargement of pulmonary veins, lesions distribution and morphology between heart failure and COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Betacoronavirus , COVID-19 , Coronavirus Infections/diagnostic imaging , Heart Failure/etiology , Humans , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral/diagnostic imaging , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2 , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799290

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the causes of ineffective platelet transfusion in patients with hematologic malignancies during myelosuppression and the therapeutic effect of rituximab.@*Methods@#A total of 180 patients with different hematologic malignancies in the First People's Hospital of Changzhou from January 2017 to December 2018 were selected. And the incidence of ineffective platelet transfusion during myelosuppression was observed. The changes of T and B lymphocyte subgroups and platelet counts before and after rituximab therapy in acute leukemia patients with platelet antibody-positive were compared, and the incidence of ineffective platelet transfusion with different platelet suspensions was analyzed.@*Results@#The ineffective platelet transfusion was observed in 45 of 180 patients (25.0%) during myelosuppression, including 30 (27.8%) of 108 patients with acute leukemia, 10 (23.3%) of 43 patients with myelodysplastic syndrome, 2 (13.3%) of 15 patients with malignant lymphoma, and 3 (21.4%) of 14 patients with multiple myeloma. The incidence of ineffective platelet transfusion in patients transfused with irradiated leukocyte depleted apheresis platelets (17.0%, 16/94) was lower than that in those with apheresis platelets (33.7%, 29/86), and the difference was statistically significant (χ2 = 6.68, P = 0.01). In 8 acute leukemia patients with platelet antibody-positive and the ineffective platelet transfusion after rituximab therapy, the increase of platelet count was observed in 5 patients. The differences of levels of CD19, CD20, CD4 and platelet count before and after treatment with rituximab were statistically significant (all P < 0.05).@*Conclusions@#The incidence of ineffective platelet transfusion is the highest in acute leukemia patients. Transfusion of human leukocyte antigen-matched platelets can improve the effect of platelet transfusion. Rituximab is effective in the ineffective platelets transfusion caused by immune factors. The incidence of ineffective platelet transfusion in irradiated leukocyte depleted apheresis platelets is lower compared with that in apheresis platelets.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862793

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the causes of ineffective platelet transfusion in patients with hematologic malignancies during myelosuppression and the therapeutic effect of rituximab.Methods:A total of 180 patients with different hematologic malignancies in the First People's Hospital of Changzhou from January 2017 to December 2018 were selected. And the incidence of ineffective platelet transfusion during myelosuppression was observed. The changes of T and B lymphocyte subgroups and platelet counts before and after rituximab therapy in acute leukemia patients with platelet antibody-positive were compared, and the incidence of ineffective platelet transfusion with different platelet suspensions was analyzed.Results:The ineffective platelet transfusion was observed in 45 of 180 patients (25.0%) during myelosuppression, including 30 (27.8%) of 108 patients with acute leukemia, 10 (23.3%) of 43 patients with myelodysplastic syndrome, 2 (13.3%) of 15 patients with malignant lymphoma, and 3 (21.4%) of 14 patients with multiple myeloma. The incidence of ineffective platelet transfusion in patients transfused with irradiated leukocyte depleted apheresis platelets (17.0%, 16/94) was lower than that in those with apheresis platelets (33.7%, 29/86), and the difference was statistically significant (χ 2 = 6.68, P = 0.01). In 8 acute leukemia patients with platelet antibody-positive and the ineffective platelet transfusion after rituximab therapy, the increase of platelet count was observed in 5 patients. The differences of levels of CD19, CD20, CD4 and platelet count before and after treatment with rituximab were statistically significant (all P < 0.05). Conclusions:The incidence of ineffective platelet transfusion is the highest in acute leukemia patients. Transfusion of human leukocyte antigen-matched platelets can improve the effect of platelet transfusion. Rituximab is effective in the ineffective platelets transfusion caused by immune factors. The incidence of ineffective platelet transfusion in irradiated leukocyte depleted apheresis platelets is lower compared with that in apheresis platelets.

12.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): E007-E007, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811598

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To identify the characteristics including clinical features and pulmonary computed tomography (CT) features of heart failure and novel coronavirus pneumonia(COVID-19).@*Methods@#This study was a retrospective study. A total of 7 patients with Heart failure and 12 patients with COVID-19 in the Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University between December 1, 2019 and February 15, 2020 were enrolled. The baseline clinical and imaging features of the two groups were statistically analyzed.@*Results@#There was no significant difference in age and sex between the two groups, but the incidence of epidemiological contact history, fever or respiratory symptoms in the COVID-19 group was significantly higher than that in the heart failure group (12/12 vs. 2/7, P=0.001; 12/12 vs. 4/7, P<0.001). While the proportion of cardiovascular diseases and impaired cardiac function was significantly less than that of the heart failure group(2/12 vs.7/7, P<0.001; 0/12 vs.7/7, P<0.001). For imaging features, both groups had ground-glass opacity and thickening of interlobular septum, but the ratio of central and gradient distribution was higher in patients with heart failure than that in patients with COVID-19 (4/7 vs. 1/12, P=0.04). In heart failure group, the ratio of the expansion of small pulmonary veins was also higher (3/7 vs. 0, P=0.013), and the lung lesions can be significantly improved after effective anti-heart failure treatment. Besides, there are more disease with rounded morphology in COVID-19 (9/12 vs. 2/7, P=0.048) .@*Conclusions@#More patients with COVID-19 have epidemiological history and fever or respiratory symptoms. There are significant differences in chest CT features, such as enlargement of pulmonary veins, lesions distribution and morphology between heart failure and COVID-19.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787727

ABSTRACT

To study the effect of miR-340-5p on the proliferation of laryngeal cancer Hep2 cells and explore its intrinsic molecular mechanism, so as to screen potential biomarkers and targets for the diagnosis and treatment of laryngeal cancer. The expression of miR-340-5p in laryngeal cancer tissues, paracancerous tissues, laryngeal cancer cell lines Hep2 and normal bronchial HBE cell lines was quantitatively analyzed by qRT-PCR; The double luciferase reporter vector was constructed to verify whether STAT3 was a potential target gene of microRNA-340-5p; The miR-340-5p mimics/inhibitor was transfected into Hep2 cells by liposome and verified by qRT-PCR; The CCK-8 method and Annexin V/PI method were used to analyze the proliferation and apoptosis of transfected cells; and Western Blot was used to detect the expression of STAT3 and Wnt/β-catenin pathway-related proteins after transfection. The results of qRT-PCR showed that the level of miR-340-5p in laryngeal cancer tissues and Hep2 cells was significantly lower than that in adjacent tissues and HBE cells, and the expression of miR-340-5p was significantly increased or decreased after overexpression or inhibition; Luciferase activity showed that miR-340-5p directly interacted with target gene STAT3 3'-UTR and negatively regulated its expression; Cell proliferation and apoptosis analysis showed that up-regulation of microRNA-340-5p could significantly inhibit the proliferation and induce apoptosis of Hep2 cells in vitro, and vice versa; Western Blot results showed that the levels of STAT3 and β-catenin, c-Myc, TCF-4, CyclinD1 and ROCK1 in Hep2 cells were significantly lower than those in the control group after over-expression of miR-340-5p, and vice versa. The expression of miR-340-5p is abnormally low in laryngeal cancer tissues and Hep2 cells. It can be used as a potential biological target for diagnosis and treatment of laryngeal cancer by targeting STAT3 gene to negatively regulate Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway.

14.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 100-108, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787684

ABSTRACT

Bombyx mori is a lepidopteran insect with important economic value. Bombyx mori nucleopolyhedrovirus (BmNPV) causes huge economic loss to silkworm industry in China every year. The objective of this study is to determine the anti-BmNPV mechanism of Bombyx mori strain NC99R, and to provide a basis for understanding the molecular mechanism of the silkworm resistance strain. The normal control Dazao (DZ) strain and the NC99R resistant strain were fed with occlusion bodies (OB). The median lethal dose (LD50) analysis of the DZ and NC99R showed that the LD50 of DZ was 1.2×10⁵ OBs/larva, while NC99R was 1.8×10⁶ OBs/larva. The LD50 of the NC99R was about 15 times higher than the DZ. The mortality of DZ and NC99R were analyzed, which were fed with 1×10⁶ OBs/larva and injection with 1×10⁶ BVs/larva. The results showed that the death peak of DZ was concentrated in the 4th to 6th day. And the death peak of NC99R was concentrated in the 6th to 8th day, with a delay of 1-2 days compared with the control. The BmNPV DNA copy number showed that the BmNPV genome in DZ proliferated rapidly. The copy number of BmNPV DNA in NC99R were increased slowly after oral infection and body injection. HE staining showed that midgut tissue has no significant difference between DZ and NC99R in the early stage of oral infection. At 96 h p.i., the nucleus of DZ midgut became larger and shedding. The NC99R had enlarged nuclei, but the cells were still arranged neatly. Finally, the expression of virus genes in different periods were analyzed by RT-PCR. The results indicated that the immediate early gene ie-1 expression levels began to down-regulate after 24 h p.i.. The early, late, and extremely late genes were also down-regulated, and finally maintained at a lower expression level.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755911

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the role of cerebrospinal fluid chimerism in central nervous relapse surveillance for patients of acute leukemia after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT).Methods The follow-up data were retrospectively collected and analyzed in 104 patients with acute leukemia after allo-HSCT.Comparisons were made between patients with complete chimerism and mixed chimerism in cerebrospinal fluid.The role of recipient DNA percentage and its changing trend in predicting central nervous relapse were also explored.Analysis was conducted for determining the risk factors of central nervous relapse.And the effectiveness of prophylaxis with intrathecal injection was also examined.Results The incidence of relapse was higher in patients with mixed chimerism (P<0.001),high percentage of recipient DNA (P<0.05) and higher mixed chimerism (P<0.001).Hyperleukocytosis at an initial diagnosis was a risk factor of central nervous relapse.Whether or not intrathecal injection prophylaxis was applied showed no significant difference in relapsing rate.Conclusions Monitoring cerebrospinal fluid chimerism can effectively help predict central nervous relapse among patients of acute leukemia after allo-HSCT.Yet intrathecal injection prophylaxis failed to benefit recipients.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800837

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the quality of final exam papers of Surgery and Field Surgery for five-year medical students from comprehensive class of Grade 2014, so as to check the mastery of different students, perfect the construction of item banking, verify the quality of teaching and learning, and thus provide references to further teaching reform.@*Methods@#SPSS 21.0 was used for statistical analysis of 133 Surgery and Field Surgery papers of students from comprehensive class of Grade 2014.@*Results@#The highest score was 93.5, the lowest score was 52.0, and the average score was (70.60±9.00). Among those 133 students, six students were failed, occupying 4.51%. The overall difficulty coefficient of examination paper (P) was 0.71, and P value of multiple choice questions and blank-filling questions was 0.4-0.7. Difference degrees (D) of question types were more than 0.600 and the overall reliability was 0.764. Scores of examination paper were generally in normal distribution. The average scores of students form anesthesiology major were higher than those of students from navigation medicine major, but the average scores of students from above two majors were higher than those of students from psychology major, with statistically significant differences (P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#Question types of this paper are comprehensive and reasonable. The overall difficulty is not high, the difference degree is good, the reliability is good and the score distribution is reasonable. However, the question should be further improved, focusing on the reasonable distribution of difficulty of question. In addition, we should strengthen the teaching of the course in students from psychology major.

17.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1316-1320, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798091

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the role of Yes-associated protein 1 (YAP1)-JUN in promoting the proliferation and epithelial mesenchymal transitions (EMT) transformation of laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma.@*Methods@#The expression and subcellular localization of YAP1 were detected by tissue immunofluorescence assay. The effects of YAP1 on the proliferation of laryngeal squamous cell were examined by cell clone formation experiment. Western blot and quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) were used to detect the effect of YAP1 on the expression and transcriptional level of EMT-related molecular markers. The interaction between YAP1 and JUN was detected by immunocoprecipitation (CoIP) and Western blot assay, which regulated the expression of downstream genes to control the EMT process.@*Results@#The expression of YAP1 in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma tissue increased and transferred from cytoplasm to nucleus. The number of clones increased significantly after YAP1 up regulation (P<0.01). The expression level of key gene E-cadherin in epithelial cells was significantly inhibited after YAP1 up (P<0.01), while the expression level of the key genes of interstitial cells, β-catenin, vimentin and N-cadherin was significantly up (P<0.01). YAP1 was interacted with nuclear transcription factor JUN, and the proliferation ability of YAP1 decreased significantly (P<0.01) after the inhibition of JUN expression (P<0.01), and the expression of EMT related molecular markers decreased significantly (P<0.01).@*Conclusions@#YAP1 combined with JUN gene promotes the proliferation and EMT transformation of human laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma cells.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797510

ABSTRACT

Venous thromboembolism(VTE)is an important etiology for unexpected deaths and perioperative deaths of inpatients. Early diagnose and early prevention are main measures to reduce the incidence and mortality of VTE. Herein, we have established a comprehensive management system of VTE prevention, treatment and research. On one hand, we implemented the in-hospital VTE prevention management and improved the implementation status of VTE prevention and treatment. As a result, the number of diagnosed VTE cases and related medical disputes decreased by years. On the other hand, we have built up the VTE monitoring platform, providing useful statistical data for the clinical use of anticoagulants and further reducing the incidence of VTE. The VTE monitoring platform also revealed some significant differences of the VTE incidence between the medical patients and the surgical patients, which could provide reference for further revision of VTE guidelines.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792206

ABSTRACT

Venous thromboembolism ( VTE) is an important etiology for unexpected deaths and perioperative deaths of inpatients. Early diagnose and early prevention are main measures to reduce the incidence and mortality of VTE. Herein, we have established a comprehensive management system of VTE prevention, treatment and research. On one hand, we implemented the in-hospital VTE prevention management and improved the implementation status of VTE prevention and treatment. As a result, the number of diagnosed VTE cases and related medical disputes decreased by years. On the other hand, we have built up the VTE monitoring platform, providing useful statistical data for the clinical use of anticoagulants and further reducing the incidence of VTE. The VTE monitoring platform also revealed some significant differences of the VTE incidence between the medical patients and the surgical patients, which could provide reference for further revision of VTE guidelines.

20.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1316-1320, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791141

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the role of Yes-associated protein 1 (YAP1)-JUN in promoting the proliferation and epithelial mesenchymal transitions (EMT) transformation of laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma.Methods The expression and subcellular localization of YAP1 were detected by tissue immunofluorescence assay.The effects of YAP1 on the proliferation of laryngeal squamous cell were examined by cell clone formation experiment.Western blot and quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) were used to detect the effect of YAP1 on the expression and transcriptional level of EMT-related molecular markers.The interaction between YAP1 and JUN was detected by immunocoprecipitation (CoIP) and Western blot assay,which regulated the expression of downstream genes to control the EMT process.Results The expression of YAP1 in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma tissue increased and transferred from cytoplasm to nucleus.The number of clones increased significantly after YAP1 up regulation (P <0.01).The expression level of key gene E-cadherin in epithelial cells was significantly inhibited after YAP1 up (P <0.01),while the expression level of the key genes of interstitial cells,β-catenin,vimentin and N-cadherin was significantly up (P < 0.01).YAP1 was interacted with nuclear transcription factor JUN,and the proliferation ability of YAP1 decreased significantly (P <0.01) after the inhibition of JUN expression (P < 0.01),and the expression of EMT related molecular markers decreased significantly (P <0.01).Conclusions YAP1 combined with JUN gene promotes the proliferation and EMT transformation of human laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma cells.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL