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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920791

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine the current disinfection quality and understand existing problems in clinical institutions in Yangpu District, and provide scientific evidence for improving hospital infection control. Methods From 2018 to 2020, the specimens were collected from medical instruments, disinfectant in use, dialysis water in hemodialysis rooms, air, surface of objects, sterilization equipment, hands of medical staff, dental therapy water and sewage in clinical institutions in Yangpu District, and then examined for disinfection quality. Results A total of 1 420 samples were collected consecutively in 3 years, in which the total qualified rate was determined to be 88.52%. The qualified rates in secondary and tertiary hospitals, primary health centers, and private clinics were 94.86%, 90.22% and 75.74%, respectively, with a significant difference (χ2=95.01, P<0.01). The qualified rates in sterilization equipment, air, and dialysis water were all 100.00%; in contrast, the rates in medical instruments, surface of objects, hands of medical staff, disinfectants in use, dental therapy water, and sewage were 98.28%, 97.63%, 95.05%, 93.39%, 54.71% and 50.00%, respectively. Conclusion Overall disinfection quality remains good in clinical institutions in Yangpu District of Shanghai, whereas the quality in private clinics is low. In addition, dental therapy water and hospital sewage might be susceptible to contamination, which warrants further improvement in the disinfection and monitoring.

2.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 466-469, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907200

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical features and prognosis of patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with DEK-CAN-positive.Methods:The clinical data of 6 AML patients with DEK-CAN-positive admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from August 2014 to January 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. Their clinical features, treatment and outcomes were summarized.Results:All 6 patients were female with a median age of 29 years (4-64 years). Among 6 cases, 5 cases were primary granulocytic leukemia partially differentiated (M 2) and 1 case was acute monocyte leukemia (M 5). There were 5 patients with elevated count of white blood cells in peripheral blood, and 1 patient had bone marrow dysplasia, and 2 patients had basophilia. Immunophenotypic analysis showed that all 6 patients were positive for CD34, CD13, CD38 and CD33. Fusion gene detection showed that DEK-CAN was positive and NPM1 mutations were negative in 6 patients; FLT3-ITD mutation was detected in 3 patients and WT1 mutation was detected in 2 patients. Chromosomal karyotyping showed that 2 cases had no split phase and 4 cases carried t(6;9). Follow-up details were available for 6 patients, only 1 patient achieved complete remission after the first course of induction chemotherapy, and the remaining 5 patients had no complete remission after the first course of chemotherapy, and died of complications in a short time. Conclusion:AML patients with DEK-CAN-positive have a very poor prognosis, low primary induced remission rate and high mortality.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888177

ABSTRACT

In this study, we studied the solubility and permeability of matrine, oxymatrine, sophoridine, and oxysophocarpine, four alkaloids in the Mongolian herbal medicine Sophorae Flavescentis Radix, and evaluated the absorption mechanism with the Caco-2 cell model, so as to provide a basis for the new drug development and efficacy evaluation of Sophorae Flavescentis Radix. The results showed that all the four alkaloids had high solubility and high permeability and can be well absorbed, belonging to the class-I drugs of Biopharmaceutical Classification System(BCS). The absorption(AP→BL) and excretion(BL→AP) of matrine and oxymatrine were not affected by the concentration while the absorption depended on P-gp protein. The absorption(AP→BL) and excretion(BL→AP) of sophoridine and oxysophocarpine were positively related to the concentration and time, and the absorption process was independent from P-gp protein. The results provide scientific reference and an experimental basis for the development of Mongolian medical prescriptions containing Sophorae Flavescentis Radix.


Subject(s)
Alkaloids , Biological Products , Caco-2 Cells , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Herbal Medicine , Humans , Sophora
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787596

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@# Stent failure is more likely in the lipid rich and thrombus laden culprit lesions underlying ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). This study assessed the effectiveness of post-dilatation in primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI) for acute STEMI.@*METHODS@# The multi-center POST-STEMI trial enrolled 41 consecutive STEMI patients with symptom onset <12 hours undergoing manual thrombus aspiration and Promus Element stent implantation. Patients were randomly assigned to control group (n=20) or post-dilatation group (n=21) in which a non-compliant balloon was inflated to >16 atm pressure. Strut apposition and coverage were evaluated by optical coherence tomography (OCT) after intracoronary verapamil administration via thrombus aspiration catheter, post pPCI and at 7-month follow-up. The primary endpoint was rate of incomplete strut apposition (ISA) at 7 months after pPCI.@*RESULTS@# There were similar baseline characteristics except for stent length (21.9 [SD 6.5] mm vs. 26.0 [SD 5.8] mm, respectively, P=0.03). In post-dilatation vs. control group, ISA rate was lower (2.5% vs. 4.5%, P=0.04) immediately after pPCI without affecting final TIMI flow 3 rate (95.2% vs. 95.0%, P>0.05) or corrected TIMI frame counts (22.6±9.4 vs. 22.0±9.7, P>0.05); and at 7-month follow-up (0.7% vs. 1.8%, P<0.0001), the primary study endpoint, with similar strut coverage (98.5% vs. 98.4%, P=0.63) and 1-year rate of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE).@*CONCLUSION@# In STEMI patients, post-dilatation after stent implantation and thrombus aspiration improved strut apposition up to 7 months without affecting coronary blood flow or 1-year MACE rate. Larger and longer term studies are warranted to further assess safety (ClinicalTrials.gov identifi er: NCT02121223).

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752260

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical features of hemophagocytic syndrome in children and the signifi﹣cance of gene detection. Methods TWenty-tWo pediatric patients diagnosed as hemophagocytic syndrome since 2004 clinical and laboratory criteria Were enrolled in Children's Hospital Affiliated to Zhengzhou University from January 2014 to January 2016. The clinical data of patients Were analyzed,and the genes associated With hemophagocytic syn﹣drome Were detected. The clinical biochemical indicators Were compared betWeen mutation group and non -mutation group. Results TWenty-tWo cases of patients(3 months to 12 years)Were enrolled,including 10 males and 12 fe﹣males,and the proportion of children over 5 years old accounted for the highest proportion,accounting for 50%,and all of them had fever,liver,spleen and lymph node enlargement. The main test results Were as folloWs:peripheral blood cells decreased in 6 cases( 27. 27%),hemophagocytic phenomena presented in bone marroW smears in 12 cases (54. 55%),abnormal liver function in 18 cases(81. 82%),and loW serum albumin in 22 cases(100. 00%). High serum ferritin levels Were detected in 20 cases(90. 91%);the detection of natural killer(NK)cell activity shoWed nor﹣mal activity( active > 15%) in 7 cases( 31. 82%),and decreased activity( activity ≤ 15%) in 15 cases (68. 18%). The genes associated With hemophagocytic syndrome Were detected in 22 cases of patients,and 12 of them Were associated With mutations related to hemophagocytic syndrome,accounting for 54. 55%. LYST,ITK and UNC13D gene Were common. There Was no statistical difference in Which ages of onset,symptoms of the nervous system,and labo﹣ratory data of leukocyte count,red blood cell count,hemoglobin,platelet count,NK cell activities,prognosis,hemophago﹣cytic phenomena shoWed in bone marroW smears,alanine aminotransferase,albumin,triglyceride,ferritin and fibrinogen betWeen mutation group and non-mutation group(all P>0. 05). Conclusions Pediatric hemophagocytic syndrome is mostly accompanied by fever,liver,spleen and lymph node enlargement,and most of them are accompanied by gene mu﹣tations. LYST,ITK and UNC13D gene are commonly seen. But there is no significant correlation betWeen gene mutation and general condition,biochemical index and severity of the disease.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816533

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the therapeutic effect of fecal microbiota transplantation(FMT) combined with enteral nutrition on patients with refractory diarrhea and severe malnutrition.METHODS: Seventy-one patients with refractory diarrhea complicated with severe malnutrition in Department of Colorectal Disease,the Tenth People ' s Hospital of Tongji University and Department of General Surgery,General Hospital of Eastern Theater Command from June 2014 to October 2018 were prospectively collected for basic information,symptoms and signs,number of bowel movements,Bristol stool scores,and nutritional indicators,which were followed up after bacterial transplantation combined with enteral nutrition.RESULTS: After following up for 6 month,FMT combined with enteral nutrition in the treatment of severe diarrhea with severe malnutrition,the effective rate of treatment of diarrhea was 95.8%,of which the cure rate was 74.7%,and the remission rate was 21.1%.3 cases(4.2%) were ineffective,6 cases(8.5%) recurred.The frequency of bowel movements decreased from(8.3±2.2) before treatment to(5.3±1.3) after 1 month,(3.2±0.8)after 3 months,and(1.9±0.6) after 6 months.The Bristol score was reduced from(6.6±0.3) points before treatment to(4.8±0.7) points 1 month after treatment,(4.6±0.8)points after 3 months,and(4.3±0.8) points after 6 months.The body mass index(BMI) of the patients before treatment was 15.3±1.3,the BMI increased to 17.4±2.4 after 1 month of treatment,increased to 19.0±3.2 after 3 months,and 19.3±3.8 after 6 months.The total protein was increased from(48.6±4.7)g/L before treatment to(55.4±5.7)g/L after1 month of treatment,increased to(60.3±5.4) g/L after 3 months,and(68.4±6.9)g after 6 months.Albumin increased from(22.4±1.7)g/L before treatment to(31.7±2.4)g/L after 1 month of treatment,increased to(35.8±2.7)g/L after 3 months,and(37.5±3.7)g/L after 6 months.Fibrinogen increased from(1.6±0.4)g/L before treatment to(2.0±0.7)g/L after 1 month of treatment,increased to(2.4±0.8) g/L after 3 months,and(2.4±0.7) g/L after 6 months.Prealbumin increased from(82.0±18.6)mg/L before treatment to(178.3±25.3)mg/L after 1 month of treatment,increased to(235.7±28.2) mg/L after 3 months,and(259.6±33.5) mg/L after 6 months.The were significant differences before and after treatment(All P<0.05) CONCLUSION: After 6 months of follow-up,FMT combined with enteral nutrition can effectively reduce the number of diarrhea,improve stool characteristics,and improve nutritional indicators such as BMI,total protein,albumin,fibrinogen and prealbumin.

7.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1367-1373, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775712

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effects of miR-221 on the biological activity of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia cells and its mechanism.@*METHODS@#Bone marrow mononuclear cells (BMNC) were isolated from bone marrow samples of ALL children diagnosed in our hospital from May 2018 to November 2018. The cells were divided into control group, miR-221-NC group and miR-221 group. After transfection according to the instructions of Lipofectamine 2000 kit, the levels of miR-221 in each group were detected by RT-PCR. Flow cytometry was used to detect the effects of miR-221 on cell cycle and apoptosis. Transwell assay was used to detect cell migration and invasion. Western blot was used to detect the effects of miR-221 on proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), Caspase 3, Cyclin D1 and MMP-9 proteins in BMNC. Luciferase reporter gene assay was used to detect the targeting relationship between miR-221 and Wnt gene.@*RESULT@#The expression level of miR-221 in the miR-221 group was significantly higher than that in the control group and the miR-221-NC group (P<0.05). MTT assay showed that, after transfection for 2, 3, 4 and 5 days, the cell proliferation level in miR-221 group was significantly lower than that in the control group and the miR-221-NC group (P<0.05). The cell ratio of G/G phase was (73.25±8.1)% in the miR-221 group, which was significantly higher than that in the control group and the miR-221-NC group (P<0.05); moreover, the cell ratio of S phase in the miR-221 group was (12.37±1.6)%,which was significantly lower than that in the control group and the miR-221-NC group (P<0.05). The percentage of apoptotic cells in the miR-221 group was (24.68±3.87)%, which was significantly higher than that in the control group and the miR-221-NC group (P<0.05). Transwell cell invasion experiment showed that the number of invasive cells in the miR-221 group was 23.42±3.62, which was significantly lower than that in the control group and the miR-221-NC group (P<0.05). Transwell cell migration assay showed that the number of migrating cells in the miR-221 group was 34.86±5.32, which was significantly lower than that in the control group and the miR-221-NC group (P<0.05). The relative level of PCNA, Cyclin D1 and MMP-9 in the miR-221 group was 0.26±0.03, 0.17±3.61 and 0.14±0.02, respectively, which was significantly lower than those in the control group and the miR-221-NC group (P<0.05), while the relative level of Caspase-3 in the miR-221 group was 0.37±0.05, which was significantly higher than that in the control group and the miR-221-NC group (P<0.05). Luciferase reporter assay showed that the activity of luciferase in Wnt wild type plasmid was significantly inhibited by miR-221 (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#miR-221 can inhibit the proliferation, migration and invasion of BMNC, moreover can promote cell apoptosis, which may be related with the inhibition of Wnt/β- catenin signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Catenins , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Child , Humans , MicroRNAs , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Wnt Signaling Pathway
8.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1449-1454, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775700

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze and investigate the expression levels of HES1, C-MYC and NF-kB in peripheral blood of patients with T cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) and their significance.@*METHODS@#Sixty patients with T-ALL and 60 patients with acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) diagnosed in our hospital from June 2012 to March 2015 were enrolled in T-ALL group and AML group, respectively. Another 30 healthy people were enrolled in the control group. Peripheral blood was collected to detect the expression levels of HES1, C-MYC and NF-kB by RT-PCR. The general data and the expression of HES1, C-MYC and NF-kB in peripheral blood were compared among the patients with different type of leukemia, cytogenetical types and different prognosis.@*RESULTS@#There was no significant difference in baseline data, such as age and sex among the 3 groups (P>0.05). The Hb level, WBC and Plt count, BM blast cell ratio in T-ALL and AML groups all were significantly higher than those in control group (P<0.01), but there were no statistical difference in above-mentioned indicators between T-ALL and AML groups (P>0.05). The expression levels of HES1, C-MYC and NF-kB in peripheral blood among 3 groups were significantly differenct (P<0.01), the expressions levels of HES1, C-MYC and NF-kB in T-ALL and AML groups were significantly higher than those in control were significantly group (P<0.01), moreover, the expression levels of above-mentional indicators in T-ALL groups were significantly higher than than those in AML group (P<0.01). The expression levels of HES1, C-MYC and NF-kB iin T-ALL patients with poor prognosis were significantly higher than those in T-ALL patients with favorable prognosis (P<0.01); the expression levels of HES1, C-MYC and NF-kB in peripheral blood of patients with different theraptic efficacy were follow: complete remission group<partial remission group<no remission group (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#The HES1, C-MYC and NF-kB are highly expressed in peripheral blood of the patients with T-ALL, moreover, the expression levels maybe different, because of the cytogenetic, and theraptic efficacy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , NF-kappa B , Precursor T-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Remission Induction , T-Lymphocytes , Transcription Factor HES-1
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690412

ABSTRACT

Selenium polysaccharides (Se polysaccharides) are a kind of organic selenium compounds which obtain the activities from Se and polysaccharides. Comparing to Se or polysaccharides, Se polysaccharides exhibit improved biological activities and are more prone to be absorbed by human bodies, therefore, they have been widely used in medical applications, such as immunomodulation, anti-tumor, anti-oxidation, anti-aging. Due to their unique pharmacological activities, Se polysaccharides from medicinal plants have gradually become a research hotspot. However, only a few of Se polysaccharides have been separated and purified in recent years. The structure of polysaccharides is also very complex, therefore, determination of the chemical structure and mechanism of bioactivity of Se polysaccharide in vivo remain to be further studied. This article systematically introduced the main source and biological activities of Se polysaccharides from medicinal plants. The purpose of this review is to provide a basis for the further research of Se polysaccharides.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-238173

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the differences in the clinical therapeutic effects on juvenile myopia between's stunt needling technique and traditional even needling technique.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 166 cases of mild juvenile myopia (diopter <-3.00D) were randomized into an observation group ('s stunt needling technique) and a control group (traditional even needling technique), 83 cases in each one (166 affected eyes). Taiyang (EX-HN 5), Fengchi (GB 20), Cuanzhu (BL 2), Hegu (LI 4) and Guangming (GB 37) were used in the two groups. In the observation group, theneedling technique was adopted at Taiyang (EX-HN 5), theneedling technique at Fengchi (GB 20) andneedling technique at Cuanzhu (BL 2). The traditional needling technique was used at Hegu (LI 4) and Guangming (GB 37). In the control group, traditional even needling technique was applied at all the acupoints. The treatment was given once every day, continuously for 6 times as one course. There was 1 day at interval. After treatment for 4 courses, the changes in visual acuity, diopter and axial length were observed before and after treatment. The therapeutic effects were evaluated.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After treatment, the visual acuity of the naked eyes, and diopter were remarkably improved in the patients of the two groups (all<0.05). The improvements in the observation group were better than those in the control group (both<0.05). The axial length did not change in the two groups (both>0.05). The total effective rate was 78.3% (130/166) in the observation group, which was better than 57.8% (96/166) in the control group (<0.05). .</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b> 's stunt needling technique effectively improves the vision, rectifies the refractive error and delays the progression of myopia. The therapeutic effects of it are better than traditional even needling technique.</p>

11.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1023-1029, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-686988

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Background</b>The relationship between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and platelet reactivity in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has not been defined. The present prospective, single-center study explored the relationship between platelet reactivity and OSA in patients with PCI.</p><p><b>Methods</b>A total of 242 patients were finally included in the study. OSA was screened overnight by polysomnography. Platelet reactivity was assessed with a sequential platelet counting method, and the platelet maximum aggregation ratio (MAR) and average aggregation ratio were calculated. All patients were assigned per apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) to non-OSA (n = 128) and OSA (n = 114) groups. The receiver operating characteristic curve analysis was used to evaluate the accuracy of AHI for high platelet reactivity (HPR) on aspirin and clopidogrel, and multivariable logistic regression was used to determine the independent predictors of HPR on aspirin and clopidogrel.</p><p><b>Results</b>Median AHI was significantly higher in the OSA group than in the non-OSA group (34.5 events/h vs. 8.1 events/h, Z = -13.422, P < 0.001). Likewise, median arachidonic acid- and adenosine diphosphate-induced maximum aggregation rate (MAR) in the OSA group was significantly higher than those in the non-OSA group (21.1% vs. 17.7%, Z = -3.525, P < 0.001 and 45.8% vs. 32.2%, Z = -5.708, P < 0.001, respectively). Multivariable logistic regression showed that OSA was the only independent predictor for HPR on aspirin (odds ratio [OR]: 1.055, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.033-1.077, P < 0.001) and clopidogrel (OR: 1.036, 95% CI: 1.017-1.056, P < 0.001). The cutoff value of AHI for HPR on aspirin was 45.2 events/h (sensitivity 47.1% and specificity 91.3%), whereas cutoff value of AHI for HPR on clopidogrel was 21.3 events/h (sensitivity 68.3% and specificity 67.7%).</p><p><b>Conclusion</b>Platelet reactivity appeared to be higher in OSA patients with PCI despite having received a loading dose of aspirin and clopidogrel, and OSA might be an independent predictor of HPR on aspirin and clopidogrel.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Blood Platelets , Physiology , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Multivariate Analysis , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Prospective Studies , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive , General Surgery
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707029

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish the quality standard for Yiwei Xiaoyu Granules.Methods TLC was used for the qualitative analyses of Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma, Angelicae Sinensis Radix and Dendrobii Caulis; HPLC was applied to determine the contents of notoginsenoside R1, ginsenoside Rg1, ginsenoside Rb1and ginsenoside Re. Results The TLC spots were clear and free from negative interference. Notoginsenoside R1, ginsenoside Rg1, ginsenoside Rb1and ginsenoside Re showed good linear relationships within the ranges of 0.067 2–0.672 μg (r=0.999 6), 0.501 2–5.012 μg (r=0.999 6), 0.326 5–3.265 μg (r=0.999 6), 0.098 3–0.983 μg (r=0.999 7), whose average recoveries were 96.32% (RSD=1.3%), 96.45% (RSD=1.5%), 101.23% (RSD=1.7%), and 97.89% (RSD=1.7%), respectively. Conclusion This method is accurate, reliable, and reproducible, which can be used for the quality control of Yiwei Xiaoyu Granules.

13.
China Pharmacist ; (12): 797-801, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705595

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of sinomenine hydrochloride on dextran sulfate sodium(DSS) induced experimental colitis in mice. Methods:The colitis model of BALB/c mice was established with DSS. The mice were randomly divided into six groups (n = 6):the normal control group and the model group(giving normal saline,0.2 ml),salicylazosulfapyridine treatment group (100 mg·kg-1) and sinomenine treatment groups (30,90,270 mg·kg-1). After continuous administration for 10 d,the disease activity index (DAI) and the tissue damage index in each group were evaluated. The mouse colons of TLR4 and Myd88 were detected using Western-blotting, and the expression of NF-κB in the colon tissues was detected using immunohistochemical method. Results:The DAI and the tissue damage index, and the expressions of TLR4, Myd88 and NF-κB in the colon tissues were significantly higher in the model group than those in the normal group (P < 0.01). Sulfasalazine treatment group and sinomenine at low,medium and high dose groups could reduce the DAI and the tissue damage score,and the expressions of TLR4, Myd88 and NF-κB in the colon tissues (P < 0.01) in a concentration-dependent manner. There was no significant difference between salicylazosulfapyridine treatment group and sinomenine at medium/high dose groups. Conclusion:Sinomenine reduces the expression of TLR4,Myd88 and NF-κB in mice with experimental colitis by regulating the TLR4/NF-k B signaling pathway to play a therapeutic role.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-509154

ABSTRACT

Objective To measure the endogenous metabolites in synovial tissues of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) rabbits with cold syndrome;To investigate the specificity mechanisms of heat-reinforcing needling for RA. Methods A total of forty healthy purple blue rabbits were randomly allocated to normal group, model group, reinforcing-reducing needling group (RRN), twirling-reinforcing needling group (TRN) and heat-reinforcing needling group (HRN) 8 rabbits in each group. Arthritis rabbits cold model was made with ovalbumin and freezing. Except for normal groupand model group, RRN was given acupuncture of reinforcing-reducing needling at Zusanli (ST36), TRN was given acupuncture of twirling-reinforcing needling at Zusanli (ST36), HRN was administrated acupuncture of heat-reinforcing needling at Zusanli (ST36), once a day and retaining 30 min, a total of seven days. Fresh synovial tissues of rabbits knee joints were extracted after the intervention, then GC-Q/TOF-MS technology were employed to evaluate metabolic profiles. Results The synovial tissues metabolites of TCA cycle, carbohydrate and fatty acid metabolism in model group mainly increased compared with normal group (P<0.05); The synovial tissues metabolites of various kinds above-mentioned decreased compared with model group in all intervention of acupuncture group (P<0.05), and the metabolites of TCA cycle and carbohydrate metabolism in HRN were obviously less than that of RRN and TRN (P<0.05). Conclusion The specificity of heat-reinforcing needling for RA manifests in regulation of TCA cycle and carbohydrate metabolism.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-350186

ABSTRACT

The supply deficiency of crude medicinal plant of Paris polyphylla var. chinensis has become a bottleneck for related medicinal industry. An important approach to increase herbal production is to breed high-yield cultivated variety, which characterized ideal plant morphology. In the present study, we collected 99 wild germplasm resources of P. polyphylla and then measured their 12 main agronomic traits and contents of polyphyllin Ⅶ,Ⅵ,Ⅱ,Ⅰ. Followed analyses were used to characterize those traits and explore the potential connection with herbal yield or quality. The results showed that: ①There was ample morphological diversity in wild P. polyphylla, whose variation of agronomic traits reduced according to followed order: content of polyphyllin, weight of dry rhizome, petiole length, stem length, petal length, pedicel length, sepal length, leaf width, leaf length, sepal width, leaf number, stamen number, petal number. ② Most of those traits were significantly correlated to each other and generally represented the characterization of photosynthetic organs or reproductive organ. ③The total content of polyphyllin Ⅶ,Ⅵ,Ⅱ,Ⅰvaried between 0.02% and 0.87% and averagedat 0.13%, which showed no significant correlation with any agronomic trait. ④Plant breeders should play more attention on those germplasm resources with large leaves, large sepals and high stem.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-311542

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the mRNA expression of Aurora-A,B,C(AUR-A,B,C) in acute leukemia(AL) and their correlations with the clinical indications.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The mRNA expression levels of AUR-A,B,C in 73 cases of newly diagnosed AL (untreated group), 20 cases of AL with remission (remission group) and 14 healthy volunteers as control (healthy group) were detected by QRT-PCR, and the difference of expression levels in difference groups, their correlations with clinical indicators and the correlation between the AUR-A,B,C mRNA expression levels themselves were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The mRNA expression levels of AUR-A,B,C in untreated group were all higher than those in healthy group and remission group(P<0.01), but there was not significant difference between healthy group and remission group(P>0.05); the mRNA expressions of AUR-A,B,C in acute lymphoblastic leukemia(ALL) group were all significantly higher than that in AML group(P<0.01). The mRNA expression of AUR-A,B,C in high risk group was higher than that in low risk group(P<0.05), but there was no difference in mRNA expression of AUR-A,B,C between high risk group and middle risk group as well as between middle risk group and low risk group(P>0.05). The mRNA expression of AUR-A, B, C in CD34, CD71 and CD56 negative group was not statistically different from that in CD34,CD71 and CD56 positive group(P>0.05). In 73 cases of newly diagnosed AL, the mRNA expression levels of AUR-A, B significantly were positively correlated with lactate dehydrogenase(LDH) level and risk stratification (r=0.279, P=0.017; r=0.314, P=0.007 and r=0.277, P=0.018; r=0.349, P=0.002), while the mRNA expression levels of AUR-A, B were not significantly correlated with age, WBC count, blast ratio in bone marrow at initial diagnosis and remission or no-remission after 1 cours of chemotherapy; the mRNA expression level of AUR-C was significantly positively correlated with WBC count (r=0.263, P=0.025), and LDH level (r=0.348, P=0.003) at initial diagnosis and risk stratificantion(r=0.376, P=0.001), and negatively correlated with age (r=-0.241, P=0.040), and was not significantly correlated with blast ratio in bone marrow at initial diagnosis and remission or noremission after 1 course of chemotherapy. There were significant positive correlations in the mRNA expression between AUR-A and B (r=0.444, P=0.000), AUR-B and C (r=0.763, P=0.000) as well as AUR-A and C (r=0.616, P=0.000).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Aur-A, B, C mRNA were highly expressed in patients with newly diagnosed AL, moreover the mRNA expression levels of Aur-A,B,C were positively correlated with each other, the high expression of Aur-A, B, C are associated with leukemia types, risk stratification, WBC count and LDH level at initial diagnosis, so they all maybe used as the prognostic markers and potential therapeutic targets.</p>

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-323711

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the effects of different acupuncture methods on urine metabolites in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) rabbits, and to explore the specificity mechanism of heat-reinforcing acupuncture for RA.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 40 clean purple-blue rabbits were randomly allocated to a normal group, a model group, a mild reinforcing-reducing needling (MRRN) group, a twirling-reinforcing needling (TRN) group and a heat-reinforcing needling (HRN) group, 8 rabbits in each one. Except the normal group, the rabbits in the remaining groups were treated with ovalbumin and freezing to establish RA model. The rabbits in the MRRN group, TRN group and HRN group were treated with MRRN, TRN and HRN at "Zusanli" (ST 36), respectively, 30 min per treatment, once a day for seven days. After treatment, 24-h urine was collected. The rabbits were sacrificed to collect synovial tissues of knee to perform morphology observation; the liquid chromatography quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (LC-Q/TOF-MS) was applied to measure urine metabolites. All the data were analyzed by principal component analysis (PCA) and partial least squares discriminant analysis (PLS-DA).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the normal group, the leucine-related metabolites, as main urine metabolites, were decreased in the model group (<0.05), while the purine-related metabolites and tryptophane-related metabolites were increased (<0.05). Compared with the model group, the leucine-related metabolites, as main urine metabolites, were increased in the three needling groups after treatment (<0.05), while the tryptophan-related metabolites andpurine-related metabolites were decreased (<0.05), moreover, the leucine-related metabolites in the HRN group were obviously higher than those in the MRRN group and TRN gruop (<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>MRRN, TRN and HRN can regulate the pathway of leucine metabolism (energy metabolism), purine metabolism (oxidative damage) and tryptophane metabolism (immune regulation) for RA, The specificity of HRN for RA focuses on regulation of leucine metabolism (energy metabolism).</p>

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-247767

ABSTRACT

's acupuncture school in Gansu,represented byand,is of great influence in China.'s acupuncture school originated from(Inner Canon of Yellow Emperor) and(Classic of Questioning),and shaped aroundDynasty andDynasty. Professorhas formed a unique "'s acupuncture" diagnosis and treatment system by inheritance and innovation. He clinically paid attention to basic training,obtainingand keeping spirit,as well as syndrome differentiation,reinforcing and reducing. Also,he took the priority the pressing hand with bilaterally needle manipulation. Besides,he thought important simplicity,innovation and acupoints selecting according to time. We inherited's acupuncture from his family,teachers'techniques,international communication,college and university education and scientific research. In this article we prescribe the development,the inheritance and the protection measures of's acupuncture school in terms of its origination,academic thought,and inheritance research,etc.,so as to provide references for further study and inheritance.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-329082

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the difference in the clinical efficacy on post-stroke upper limb spasmodic hemiplegia between the combined therapy ofneedling technique and Bobath technology and simple Bobath technology.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sixty patients were randomized into an observation group and a control group, 30 cases in each one. The usual medication of neurological internal medicine was used in the two groups. In the control group, Bobath facilitation technology was applied to the rehabilitation training. In the observation group, on the basis of the treatment as the control group,needling technique was used to stimulate Zhongfu (LU 1), Tianfu (LU 3), Chize (LU 5), Quchi (LI 11), Jianshi (PC 5) and Daling (PC 7). The treatment was given once a day; 5 treatments made one session and totally 4-week treatment was required in the two groups. The modified Ashworth scale, the modified Fugle-Meyer assessment (FMA) and the Barthel index (BI) were adopted to evaluate the muscular tension, the upper limb motor function and the activities of daily living (ADL) before and after treatment in the two groups. The clinical efficacy was compared between the two groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with those before treatment, the modified Ashworth scale, Fugl-Meyer score and BI score were all improved after treatment in the two groups (all<0.01). The results in the observation group were better than those in the control group (all<0.01). The total clinical effective rate was 93.3% (28/30) in the observation group and was 80.0% (24/30) in the control group. The efficacy in the observation group was better than that in the control group (<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Theneedling technique combined with Bobath therapy achieve the superior efficacy on post-stroke upper limb spasmodic hemiplegia as compared with the simple application Bobath therapy. This combined treatment effectively relieve spasmodic state and improve the upper limb motor function and the activities of daily living.</p>

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-329035

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore heat-reinforcing needling for the metabolite profiling changes in serum of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) rabbits with liquid chromatograph-mass spectrometer (LC-MS) technique, and to investigate its mechanisms.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Forty clean purple blue rabbits were randomized into a normal group, a model group, a reinforcing-reducing needling (RRN) group, a twirling-reinforcing needling (TRN) group, and a heat-reinforcing needling (HRN) group, 8 cases in each group. RA rabbits with cold syndrome were made with ovalbumin and freezing except those in the normal group. No treatment was given in the normal and model groups. The corresponding manipulations for 7 days were applied at "Zusanli" (ST 36) in the three acupuncture groups, 30 min a time, once a day. After intervention the pain threshold and the local skin temperature of each group were observed. Fresh serum from heart was collected for metabonomics detection. Principal component analysis (PCA) and partial least squares-discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) were adopted. Several metabolites were screened by the variable importance in the projection values (VIP>1) andvalue (<0.05).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The pain threshold and the local skin temperature in the model group were lower than those in the normal group (both<0.05). The pain threshold and the local skin temperature in the three acupuncture groups were higher than those in the model group after intervention (all<0.05), which were better in the HRN group than those in the RRN and TRN groups (all<0.05). The serum metabolites of carnitine, LysoPC (14∶0), LysoPC (18∶3), LysoPE (0∶0/20∶5), LysoPE (0∶0/22∶1), decylic acid, stearic acid and lactic acid in the model group increased compared with those in the normal group, and other metabolites decreased, including leucine, valine, glutamine, pyroglutamic acid, α-ketoglutaric acid, succinic acid, fumaric acid, malic acid, galactose, mannose. Those metabolites were correlated fatty acid, amino acid, citric acid cycle, and glucose metabolism. The metabolites above-mentioned in the three acupuncture groups were regulated in various degrees (all<0.05). Lactic acid decreased and succinic acid, fumaric acid, malic acid, galactose, mannose increased more obviously in the HRN group than those in the RRN and TRN groups.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The specificity of heat-reinforcing needling for RA presents the regulation for citric acid cycle and glucose metabolism.</p>

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