Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 88
Filter
1.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 877-886, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007797

ABSTRACT

The imbalance of redox homeostasis is a major characteristic of aging and contributes to the pathogenesis of various aging-related diseases. As a regulatory hub of redox homeostasis, nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (NRF2) can attenuate oxidative stress by activating the transcription of many antioxidant enzymes. China is the birthplace of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) which has been wildly used as medicine for thousands of years. Recently, TCM as anti-aging medicine has attracted enormous attention. Focusing on the NRF2 signaling pathway, this paper summarizes the correlation between various anti-aging TCM and the NRF2 signaling, and discusses the common key mechanisms by which TCM slows the aging process by targeting the NRF2 signaling network.


Subject(s)
Medicine, Chinese Traditional , NF-E2-Related Factor 2/metabolism , Oxidative Stress , Signal Transduction
2.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 511-515, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969936

ABSTRACT

Childhood obesity is a global public health problem, which can not only endangers children's health, but also might be an important cause of chronic diseases in adulthood. In recent years, with the in-depth development of precision medicine research, more and more research evidences have shown that there are interactions between environmental factors, such as early intrauterine environment, children's diet, physical activity and children's gene factor on the incidence of childhood obesity, which can result in or inhibit the incidence and development of childhood obesity. This paper summarizes the progress in research in this field to reveal the effects and potential mechanisms of genetic factors and environmental factors on the incidence of childhood obesity in order to provide reference for the precise prevention and control of childhood obesity under different genetic backgrounds.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Pediatric Obesity/genetics , Diet , Causality , Exercise , Public Health
3.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 250-258, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940576

ABSTRACT

Malignant tumors are currently seriously endangering human health and life, which has become one of the main causes of death in China. In modern Western medicine, they are mainly tackled by surgery, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy, but the death toll continues to rise year by year. At present, most of the anti-tumor chemotherapeutics used in clinical practice have toxic and side effects, affecting the anti-tumor efficacy and the conditions after treatment. Long-term medication will also induce drug resistance, making the good anti-tumor effect difficult to be achieved. With the vigorous development of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), it has played a crucial role in the fight against tumors. It is believed in TCM that "heat toxin" is one of the important causes of tumors. Therefore, the methods of clearing away heat and removing toxin are often emphasized in the treatment of tumors, and the resulting outcomes are satisfactory. There are many Chinese herbs and Chinese herbal compounds classified into the heat-clearing and toxin-removing type. Xihuangwan, a classic heat-clearing prescription, is composed of Calculus Bovis, Moschus, Olibanum, and Myrrh and has the effects of clearing away heat, removing toxin, eliminating edema, and dissipating mass, which is mainly used to treat carbuncle, pustule, scrofula, multiple abscess, and cancer caused by heat-toxin obstruction. In modern clinical practice, it has been employed in patients with lung cancer, breast cancer, gastric cancer, liver cancer, colorectal cancer, and other malignant tumors, especially during the advanced stage, as a routine or adjuvant treatment for alleviating their clinical symptoms and improving their quality of life. The main active components of Xihuangwan are pentacyclic triterpenoids (such as masticinic acids), volatile oils, steroids (like porcine deoxycholic acid), and bilirubin, which have been proved effective in anti-tumor. This paper reviewed the prescription source, pharmaceutical research, clinical anti-tumor research, and pharmacological mechanisms of Xihuangwan, which has provided reference for further expanding the anti-tumor applications of Xihuangwan and enhancing its secondary development.

4.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 1-4, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862717

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of the novel coronavirus pneumonia epidemic in Hebei Province, and to provide a scientific basis for the prevention and control of the novel coronavirus pneumonia epidemic. Methods Descriptive epidemiological methods were used to analyze the epidemiological characteristics of all COVID-19 cases reported in Hebei Province from January 22, 2020 to September 22, 2020. Results As of September 22, 2020, a total of 365 confirmed cases had been reported in Hubei Province, including 339 local confirmed cases and 26 imported cases, of which 18 were critical cases, 34 severe cases, and 6 deaths. Among the confirmed cases, 198 were males and 167 were females, with a male to female ratio of 1.19:1. The epidemic situation in Hebei Province can be divided into three stages: The first stage (January 22 to April 6) was dominated by imported cases from Hubei Province, with 318 reported cases, accounting for 87.12% of the total cases, and the mortality rate was 1.89%; The second stage (June 14 - July 25) was the spread caused by cases in Beijing Xinfadi market, with 21 cases reported, accounting for 5.75% of the total cases, and the mortality rate was 0%; The third stage (July 26 - September 22) was mainly imported cases from abroad, with 26 cases reported, accounting for 7.12% of the total cases, and the mortality rate was 0%. Conclusion The COVID-19 epidemic situation in Hebei Province has been under control. In view of the continuous spread of the epidemic situation in foreign countries, it is extremely important to strictly prevent the import of overseas epidemics and prevent the outbreak from rebounding.

5.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 270-275, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886047

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression of microRNA-324-5p (miR-324-5p) and transcription factor forkhead box C1 (FOXC1) in glioma and their relationship with the prognosis of patients.Methods:From March 2012 to March 2015, a total of 72 cases of glioma tissues were collected from glioma patients who were admitted to Chongqing Hygeia Tumor Hospital and the People's Hospital of Nanchuan in Chongqing, and 28 cases of normal human brain tissues resected in craniocerebral surgery were also collected. The expressions of miR-324-5p and FOXC1 mRNA were detected by real-time fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), and the expression of FOXC1 protein was detected by immunohistochemistry. Pearson method was used to analyze the correlation between the expressions of miR-324-5p and FOXC1 in glioma tissues; Kaplan-Meier method was used to analyze the survival of patients with glioma; Cox regression analysis was used to analyze the risk factors affecting the prognosis of patients with glioma.Results:FOXC1 protein was mainly located in the cytoplasm of glioma, and its positive expression rate in glioma tissues was 81.94% (59/72), which was significantly higher than that in normal brain tissues [17.86% (5/28)], and the difference was statistically significant ( χ2 = 35.938, P<0.01). Compared with normal brain tissues, the expression of miR-324-5p was down-regulated in glioma tissues (0.62±0.19 vs. 0.98±0.02, t = 9.974, P < 0.05), and the expression of FOXC1 mRNA was up-regulated (1.41±0.29 vs. 0.99±0.02, t = 7.633, P < 0.05). The expressions of miR-324-5p and FOXC1 protein were correlated with the number of primary lesions, differentiation degree, TNM stage and lymph node metastasis of glioma (all P<0.05). Pearson analysis showed that the expressions of miR-324-5p and FOXC1 mRNA were negatively correlated ( r = -0.550, P<0.01). The 5-year overall survival rate of patients in miR-324-5p high-expression group was significantly higher than that of patients in miR-324-5p low-expression group (45.71% vs. 24.33%, χ2 = 6.531, P = 0.011), and the 5-year overall survival rate of patients in FOXC1 protein high-expression group was significantly lower than that of patients in FOXC1 protein low-expression group (30.41% vs. 42.34%, χ2 = 3.631, P = 0.047). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that low differentiation, TNM stage Ⅲ-Ⅳ, lymph node metastasis, low expression of miR-324-5p and high expression of FOXC1 protein were independent risk factors for prognosis of glioma patients (all P < 0.05). Conclusions:The expression of miR-324-5p is low and the expression of FOXC1 is high in glioma. They may be involved in the regulation of tumor differentiation and metastasis, and related to the poor prognosis of patients. They may be potential therapeutic targets for glioma.

6.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3790-3796, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828384

ABSTRACT

Forskolin is a complex labdane plant diterpenoid, which has been used in the treatment of a variety of diseases based on its activity as an activator of adenosine monophosphate(cAMP) cyclase. Natural forskolin exists only in the cork layer of the root of Coleus forskohlii. Due to the complexity of the extraction and chemical synthesis processes, the yield and purity of forskolin cannot meet commercial requirements. In recent years, with the rapid development of synthetic biology and the analysis and interpretation of many diterpene biosynthetic pathways, a new approach has been provided for the green production of forskolin. In this paper, the structure, activity, biosynthetic pathway and the heterologous biosynthesis of forskolin were reviewed. The problems and solutions in the heterologous biosynthesis of forskolin were also discussed and summarized, which will provide references for the construction of high-yielding forskolin engineering strains.


Subject(s)
Biosynthetic Pathways , Colforsin
7.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 360-365, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867711

ABSTRACT

Skull defect is commonly seen after traumatic brain injury and is often caused by decompressive craniectomy. Despite from pressure induced deformation or translocation, traumatic skull defect can also lead to multiple pathological influences to the brain, including cerebral blood flow or metabolism reduction, cerebrospinal fluid circulation disturbance, contralateral hematoma or effusion, and cerebral electrical activity changes. Cranioplasty can improve cerebral perfusion and metabolism as well as to support the rectification of cerebrospinal fluid circulation. Currently, early cranioplasty has been well accepted by neurosurgeons for the treatment of skull defect after decompressive surgery for traumatic brain injury, but the exact time point is still under debate and requires further clinical evidence. Therefore, the authors review the research progress of timing and material choices for cranioplasty of patients with skull defect after traumatic current researches, so as to provide possible inspiration for clinical practice.

8.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 847-850, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905401

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the changes of electroencephalogram (EEG) before and after treatment in patients with post-stroke cognitive impairment (PSCI). Methods:From October, 2018 to April, 2019, twelve PSCI patients received cognitive training and repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation for six weeks. They were assessed with Mini-Mental State Examination, Montreal Cognitive Assessment and modified Barthel Index before and after treatment, while their closed-eye resting EEG were collected. Results:The scores of all the assessments improved after treatment (|t| > 3.507, P < 0.01); while alpha absolute power and alpha relative power increased (|t| > 2.522, P < 0.05), and brain symmetry index and DTABR decreased (t > 2.435, P < 0.05). Conclusion:The characteristics of EEG of PSCI patients changes with the recovery of cognitive function. Further research is needed about the relationship between EEG and cognitive function.

9.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 125-130, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799378

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To discuss the surgical technique of lateral unicondylar knee replacement (UKR) for patients with lateral compartment osteoarthritis and evaluate its recent clinical efficacy.@*Methods@#A retrospective analysis was conducted on 22 cases of lateral compartment osteoarthritis patients receiving lateral UKR at Orthopedic Department, Beijing Chao Yang Hospital, Capital Medical University from January 2016 to January 2019.There were 8 males (8 knees) and 14 females (14 knees), aged 65.7 years(range: 54 to 83 years).All patients completed preoperative imaging examination and excluded extra-articular deformity.Lateral parapelatellar approach was used for the operation and the tibial osteotomy was performed by extramedullary positioning.The residual cartilage of the external condyle was removed by pendulum saw to subchondral bone.Appropriate prosthesis were selected, and the tightness of the gap and the stability of the joints were repeatedly confirmed during the operation.The postoperative complications and the results of physical and imaging examinations were collected.The preoperative and postoperative Oxford knee Score (OKS) and knee society score (KSS) of patients were recorded and compared by paired t test.@*Results@#All patients were followed up for 24.6 months (range: 8 to 40 months).No complications such as incision exudation, skin necrosis and deep venous thrombosis of lower limbs were found after the operation.No cases of prosthesis loosening, excessive wear of pads, dislocation and postoperative infection were found at the last follow-up.The OKS decreased from 46.5±3.1 preoperative to 22.4±3.3 postoperative(t=13.4, P=0.00) and KSS improved from 69.5±8.7 preoperative to 90.2±7.4 postoperative (t=16.9, P=0.00) .@*Conclusions@#For the treatment of lateral compartment osteoarthritis, UKR has the advantages of rapid recovery of knee function, less complications and less trauma.The short-term efficacy is satisfactory, but the long-term efficacy remains to be observed.

10.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 125-130, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799377

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To discuss the surgical technique of lateral unicondylar knee replacement (UKR) for patients with lateral compartment osteoarthritis and evaluate its recent clinical efficacy.@*Methods@#A retrospective analysis was conducted on 22 cases of lateral compartment osteoarthritis patients receiving lateral UKR at Orthopedic Department, Beijing Chao Yang Hospital, Capital Medical University from January 2016 to January 2019.There were 8 males (8 knees) and 14 females (14 knees), aged 65.7 years(range: 54 to 83 years). All patients completed preoperative imaging examination and excluded extra-articular deformity. Lateral parapelatellar approach was used for the operation and the tibial osteotomy was performed by extramedullary positioning.The residual cartilage of the external condyle was removed by pendulum saw to subchondral bone.Appropriate prosthesis were selected, and the tightness of the gap and the stability of the joints were repeatedly confirmed during the operation. The postoperative complications and the results of physical and imaging examinations were collected. The preoperative and postoperative Oxford knee Score (OKS) and knee society score (KSS) of patients were recorded and compared by paired t test.@*Results@#All patients were followed up for 24.6 months (range: 8 to 40 months). No complications such as incision exudation, skin necrosis and deep venous thrombosis of lower limbs were found after the operation.No cases of prosthesis loosening, excessive wear of pads, dislocation and postoperative infection were found at the last follow-up.The OKS decreased from 46.5±3.1 preoperative to 22.4±3.3 postoperative(t=13.4, P=0.00) and KSS improved from 69.5±8.7 preoperative to 90.2±7.4 postoperative (t=16.9, P=0.00).@*Conclusions@#For the treatment of lateral compartment osteoarthritis, UKR has the advantages of rapid recovery of knee function, less complications and less trauma.The short-term efficacy is satisfactory, but the long-term efficacy remains to be observed.

11.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 125-130, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787665

ABSTRACT

To discuss the surgical technique of lateral unicondylar knee replacement (UKR) for patients with lateral compartment osteoarthritis and evaluate its recent clinical efficacy. A retrospective analysis was conducted on 22 cases of lateral compartment osteoarthritis patients receiving lateral UKR at Orthopedic Department, Beijing Chao Yang Hospital, Capital Medical University from January 2016 to January 2019.There were 8 males (8 knees) and 14 females (14 knees), aged 65.7 years(range: 54 to 83 years). All patients completed preoperative imaging examination and excluded extra-articular deformity. Lateral parapelatellar approach was used for the operation and the tibial osteotomy was performed by extramedullary positioning.The residual cartilage of the external condyle was removed by pendulum saw to subchondral bone.Appropriate prosthesis were selected, and the tightness of the gap and the stability of the joints were repeatedly confirmed during the operation. The postoperative complications and the results of physical and imaging examinations were collected. The preoperative and postoperative Oxford knee Score (OKS) and knee society score (KSS) of patients were recorded and compared by paired test. All patients were followed up for 24.6 months (range: 8 to 40 months). No complications such as incision exudation, skin necrosis and deep venous thrombosis of lower limbs were found after the operation.No cases of prosthesis loosening, excessive wear of pads, dislocation and postoperative infection were found at the last follow-up.The OKS decreased from 46.5±3.1 preoperative to 22.4±3.3 postoperative(13.4, 0.00) and KSS improved from 69.5±8.7 preoperative to 90.2±7.4 postoperative (16.9, 0.00). For the treatment of lateral compartment osteoarthritis, UKR has the advantages of rapid recovery of knee function, less complications and less trauma.The short-term efficacy is satisfactory, but the long-term efficacy remains to be observed.

12.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1179-1187, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771238

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Antibiotics are frequently used to treat critically ill patients, and its use is often accompanied by intestinal dysbiosis that might further lead to bacterial translocation (BT). Nevertheless, studies on the relationship between antibiotic therapy and BT are rare. In the present study, we investigated the effect of broad-spectrum antibiotics on BT in an experimental rat model of burn or sepsis injury.@*METHODS@#The septic rat model was simulated by a second insult with lipopolysaccharides after burn injury. Ninety-two male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into control, burn, and sepsis groups (n = 8 or 9, each group), and the latter two groups were then treated with imipenem or ceftriaxone for 3 or 9 days. The mesenteric lymph nodes, liver, lungs, and blood were collected at each time point under sterile conditions for quantitative bacterial culture and strain identification. The differences between the groups were compared by Fisher exact test or Mann-Whitney U test.@*RESULTS@#Only minimal Escherichia coli translocation to the mesenteric lymph nodes was observed in the normal control group, in which the BT rate was 12.5%. Burn injury did not affect the BT rate (Burn group vs. Control group, 12.5% vs. 12.5%, P = 1.000), whereas the BT rate showed an increased trend after the second insult with lipopolysaccharide (Sepsis group vs. Control group, 44.4% vs. 12.5%, P = 0.294), and many strains of Enterobacteria spp. were detected in distant organs (liver, lung, and blood) [Sepsis group vs. Control group, 0 (0,3) vs. 0 (0,0), U = 20, P = 0.045]. After the antibiotic treatment, BT to the distant organs was increased in burned rats [Burn IT3 group vs. Burn group, 0 (0,2) vs. 0 (0,0); Burn IT9 group vs. Burn group, 0 (0,1) vs. 0 (0,0); Burn CT9 group vs. Burn group, 0 (0,2) vs. 0 (0,0); all U = 20 and P = 0.076] but decreased in septic rats [Sepsis CT3 group vs. Sepsis group, 0 (0,0) vs. 0 (0,3), U = 20, P = 0.045]. The total amount of translocated bacteria, regardless of which antibiotic was used, was increased in burned rats [Burn IT9 group vs. Burn group, 2.389 (0,2.845) vs. 0 (0,2.301) Log10 colony-forming units (CFU)/g, U = 14, P = 0.034; Burn CT3 group vs. Burn group, 2.602 (0,3.633) vs. 0 (0,2.301) Log10 CFU/g, U = 10.5, P = 0.009], but there was a slightly decreased trend in septic rats [Sepsis IT9 group vs. Sepsis group, 2.301 (2,3.146) vs. 0 (0,4.185) Log10 CFU/g, U = 36, P = 0.721; Sepsis CT9 group vs. Sepsis group, 2 (0,3.279) vs. 0 (0,4.185) Log10 CFU/g, U = 32.5, P = 0.760]. Remarkably, the quantity of Enterococci spp. dramatically increased after broad-spectrum antibiotic treatment in both the burned and septic groups [Burn IT3 group vs. Burn group, 1 (0,5.164) vs. 0 (0,0) Log10 CFU/g, U = 16; Burn IT9 group vs. Burn group, 1 (0,2.845) vs. 0 (0,0) Log10 CFU/g, U = 16; Burn CT3 group vs. Burn group, 2.602 (0,3.633) vs. 0 (0,0) Log10 CFU/g, U = 8; Burn CT9 group vs. Burn group, 1 (0,4.326) vs. 0 (0,0) Log10 CFU/g, U = 16; Sepsis IT3 group vs. Sepsis group, 2.477 (0,2.903) vs. 0 (0,0) Log10 CFU/g, U = 4.5; Sepsis IT9 group vs. Sepsis group, 2 (0,3.146) vs. 0 (0,0) Log10 CFU/g, U = 9; Sepsis CT3 group vs. Sepsis group, 1.151 (0,2.477) vs. 0 (0,0) Log10 CFU/g, U = 18; Sepsis CT9 group vs. Sepsis group, 2 (0,3) vs. 0 (0,0) Log10 CFU/g, U = 13.5; all P < 0.05].@*CONCLUSIONS@#Broad-spectrum antibiotics promote BT in burned rats but prevent BT in septic rats, especially preventing BT to distant organs, such as the liver and lung. Moreover, Enterococci spp. with high drug resistance and high pathogenicity translocated most after antibiotic treatment.

13.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1188-1193, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771237

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#It is important to modulate the expression of glucocorticoids receptor (GR) in tress and maintain the immunity homeostasis in sepsis process. Rhubarb have been shown to have potential effects on anti-inflammatory and immune modulation. The present study was designed to investigate the effects of rhubarb on the expression of GR and cellular immunity in burn-induced septic rats.@*METHODS@#Sixty-six healthy male Sprague Dawley (SD) rats were randomized into sepsis group (n = 24), rhubarb group (n = 24), and control group (n = 18); each group were further randomized into 12, 24, and 72 h subgroups according to different time points. During onset of the sepsis model, the rats in the rhubarb group were infused with 50 mg/kg rhubarb powder dissolved into 1 mL saline through gastric tube, while sepsis and control groups were treated with saline. The binding activity of GR in liver cytosol and binding capacity of GR in peripheral blood leucocyte were analyzed by radiation ligands binding assay. The percentages of CD4,CD8,CD4CD25T cells, CD19B cells as well as natural killer (NK) cells in the lymphocytes in peripheral blood were detected by flow cytometer. For assessing the differences among groups, one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) with Scheffe multi-comparison techniques were employed. Comparisons between time-based measurements within each group were performed with ANOVA repeated measurement.@*RESULTS@#The binding activity of GR in liver cytosol and binding capacity of GR in peripheral blood leucocyte were significantly decreased in a time-dependent manner in sepsis group (t = 23.045, P < 0.01; t = 24.395, P < 0.05, respectively), which were increased in a time-dependent manner after rhubarb administration (t = 19.965, P < 0.05; t = 17.140, P < 0.05, respectively). Twelve hours after sepsis, the percentages of CD4 T cells, CD4/CD25 T cell ratio, and CD19 B cells in the peripheral blood were significantly increased in the sepsis group (t = -3.395, P < 0.01; t = 2.568, P < 0.05; t = 2.993, P < 0.05, vs. control mice, respectively). However, the percentage of NK cells in the peripheral blood were significantly decreased in the sepsis group (t = -2.022, P < 0.05, vs. control mice). Twelve hours after sepsis, the percentage of CD8 T cells were significantly decreased in the peripheral blood in the sepsis group (t = -2.191, P < 0.05, vs. control mice) and were significantly increased in the rhubarb group (t = 2.953, P < 0.05, vs. sepsis mice). Seventy-two hours after sepsis, the ratio of CD4/CD25 T cell in peripheral blood were significantly increased in the sepsis group (t = 2.508, P < 0.05, vs. control mice) while were significantly decreased in the rhubarb group (t = 3.378, P < 0.05, vs. control mice). Furthermore, the percentages of CD19 B cell in peripheral blood were significantly decreased at 72 h in the rhubarb group (t = 2.041, P < 0.05 vs. sepsis group).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Rhubarb might play potential anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory roles in the sepsis processes.

14.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 824-828, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800961

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate clinical treatment efficacy of double-row fixation with bridging suture anchors for chronic, severe patellar tendinopathy.@*Methods@#A retrospective study of 18 patients suffered from severe patellar tendinopathy and underwent surgical treatment during January 2009 and June 2014 at Department of Orthopedic, Beijing Chao Yang Hospital, Capital Medical University was conducted. All patients had received conservative therapy for more than 6 months(range: 6-30 months) but the effect was unsatisfactory. There were 10 males (12 knees) and 8 females (12 knees)with age of 47.2 years(range: 32-63 years). Seven cases on the left and 17 cases on the right. The surgical treatment included a midline incision at patellar tendon, complete debridement, and double-row fixation with bridging suture anchors. Visual analogue scale(VAS), Lysholm score were collected preoperatively and postoperatively, and compared by paired-t test. The postoperative complications was recorded.@*Results@#All patients were followed up for 35.7 months (range:24-64 months) without any dropout.VAS decreased from 7.5±1.6 preoperative to 1.4±1.0 (t=4.45, P=0.00) postoperative, Lysholm score increased from 48.3±5.2 to 89.6±5.4 (t=-4.88,P=0.00).The Lysholm score was excellent in 3 cases and good in 15 cases.No patellar tendon rupture or suture fixation failure was recorded during the follow-up period.@*Conclusions@#The effect of double-row fixation with bridging suture anchors is satisfactory with few postoperative complications.It can not only improve clinical symptoms of patients, but also restore knee joint function.

15.
International Journal of Cerebrovascular Diseases ; (12): 881-885, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800689

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the predictive value of serum high-mobility group box-1 protein (HMGB1) for hemorrhage transformation (HT) after intravenous thrombolysis in patients with acute ischemic stroke.@*Methods@#From February 2017 to September 2019, patients with acute ischemic stroke underwent intravenous thrombolysis in Lixin County People's Hospital, Bozhou, Anhui Province were enrolled prospectively. In the morning of the day after admission, fasting blood was collected to detect the level of serum HMGB1. Twenty-four hours after intravenous thrombolysis, CT reexamination was performed to determine whether HT occurred. The demographic and baseline clinical data were compared between the HT group and the non-HT group. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to determine the independent risk factors for HT after thrombolysis. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to analyze the predictive value of serum HMGB1 level to HT.@*Results@#A total of 182 patients were enrolled in the study, including 22 in the HT group and 160 in the non-HT group. The age, fasting blood glucose, serum HMGB1 level, and the proportion of history of atrial fibrillation and regular antiplatelet medication before onset in the HT group was significantly higher than those in the non-HT group, and the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the increased serum HGMB1 level (odds ratio [OR] 2.145, 95% confidence interval[CI] 1.467-3.138; P=0.002), taking antiplatelet drugs regularly before onset (OR 5.496, 95% CI 1.700-17.768; P=0.004) and increased baseline fasting blood glucose level (OR 1.333, 95% CI 1.024-1.736; P=0.033) were the independent risk factors for HT after intravenous thrombolysis. ROC curve analysis showed that the area under the curve of serum HMGB1 level predicting HT after intravenous thrombolysis was 0.788 (95% CI 0.721-0.845; P<0.001). The sensitivity and specificity were 72.73% and 82.50%, respectively, when the best cutoff value was 7.97 μg/L.@*Conclusion@#The increased baseline HMGB1 level may predict the risk of HT after intravenous thrombolysis in patients with acute ischemic stroke.

16.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1188-1193, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796448

ABSTRACT

Background:@#It is important to modulate the expression of glucocorticoids receptor (GR) in tress and maintain the immunity homeostasis in sepsis process. Rhubarb have been shown to have potential effects on anti-inflammatory and immune modulation. The present study was designed to investigate the effects of rhubarb on the expression of GR and cellular immunity in burn-induced septic rats.@*Methods:@#Sixty-six healthy male Sprague Dawley (SD) rats were randomized into sepsis group (n = 24), rhubarb group (n = 24), and control group (n = 18); each group were further randomized into 12, 24, and 72 h subgroups according to different time points. During onset of the sepsis model, the rats in the rhubarb group were infused with 50 mg/kg rhubarb powder dissolved into 1 mL saline through gastric tube, while sepsis and control groups were treated with saline. The binding activity of GR in liver cytosol and binding capacity of GR in peripheral blood leucocyte were analyzed by radiation ligands binding assay. The percentages of CD4+, CD8+,CD4+CD25+T cells, CD19+B cells as well as natural killer (NK) cells in the lymphocytes in peripheral blood were detected by flow cytometer. For assessing the differences among groups, one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) with Scheffe multi-comparison techniques were employed. Comparisons between time-based measurements within each group were performed with ANOVA repeated measurement.@*Results:@#The binding activity of GR in liver cytosol and binding capacity of GR in peripheral blood leucocyte were significantly decreased in a time-dependent manner in sepsis group (t = 23.045, P < 0.01; t = 24.395, P < 0.05, respectively), which were increased in a time-dependent manner after rhubarb administration (t = 19.965, P < 0.05; t = 17.140, P < 0.05, respectively). Twelve hours after sepsis, the percentages of CD4+ T cells, CD4+/CD25+ T cell ratio, and CD19+ B cells in the peripheral blood were significantly increased in the sepsis group (t = -3.395, P < 0.01; t = 2.568, P < 0.05; t = 2.993, P < 0.05, vs. control mice, respectively). However, the percentage of NK cells in the peripheral blood were significantly decreased in the sepsis group (t = -2.022, P < 0.05, vs. control mice). Twelve hours after sepsis, the percentage of CD8+ T cells were significantly decreased in the peripheral blood in the sepsis group (t = -2.191, P < 0.05, vs. control mice) and were significantly increased in the rhubarb group (t = 2.953, P < 0.05, vs. sepsis mice). Seventy-two hours after sepsis, the ratio of CD4+/CD25+ T cell in peripheral blood were significantly increased in the sepsis group (t = 2.508, P < 0.05, vs. control mice) while were significantly decreased in the rhubarb group (t = 3.378, P < 0.05, vs. control mice). Furthermore, the percentages of CD19+ B cell in peripheral blood were significantly decreased at 72 h in the rhubarb group (t = 2.041, P < 0.05 vs. sepsis group).@*Conclusions:@#Rhubarb might play potential anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory roles in the sepsis processes.

17.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1179-1187, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796447

ABSTRACT

Background:@#Antibiotics are frequently used to treat critically ill patients, and its use is often accompanied by intestinal dysbiosis that might further lead to bacterial translocation (BT). Nevertheless, studies on the relationship between antibiotic therapy and BT are rare. In the present study, we investigated the effect of broad-spectrum antibiotics on BT in an experimental rat model of burn or sepsis injury.@*Methods:@#The septic rat model was simulated by a second insult with lipopolysaccharides after burn injury. Ninety-two male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into control, burn, and sepsis groups (n = 8 or 9, each group), and the latter two groups were then treated with imipenem or ceftriaxone for 3 or 9 days. The mesenteric lymph nodes, liver, lungs, and blood were collected at each time point under sterile conditions for quantitative bacterial culture and strain identification. The differences between the groups were compared by Fisher exact test or Mann-Whitney U test.@*Results:@#Only minimal Escherichia coli translocation to the mesenteric lymph nodes was observed in the normal control group, in which the BT rate was 12.5%. Burn injury did not affect the BT rate (Burn group vs. Control group, 12.5% vs. 12.5%, P = 1.000), whereas the BT rate showed an increased trend after the second insult with lipopolysaccharide (Sepsis group vs. Control group, 44.4% vs. 12.5%, P = 0.294), and many strains of Enterobacteria spp. were detected in distant organs (liver, lung, and blood) [Sepsis group vs. Control group, 0 (0,3) vs. 0 (0,0), U = 20, P = 0.045]. After the antibiotic treatment, BT to the distant organs was increased in burned rats [Burn IT3 group vs. Burn group, 0 (0,2) vs. 0 (0,0); Burn IT9 group vs. Burn group, 0 (0,1) vs. 0 (0,0); Burn CT9 group vs. Burn group, 0 (0,2) vs. 0 (0,0); all U = 20 and P = 0.076] but decreased in septic rats [Sepsis CT3 group vs. Sepsis group, 0 (0,0) vs. 0 (0,3), U = 20, P = 0.045]. The total amount of translocated bacteria, regardless of which antibiotic was used, was increased in burned rats [Burn IT9 group vs. Burn group, 2.389 (0,2.845) vs. 0 (0,2.301) Log10 colony-forming units (CFU)/g, U = 14, P = 0.034; Burn CT3 group vs. Burn group, 2.602 (0,3.633) vs. 0 (0,2.301) Log10 CFU/g, U = 10.5, P = 0.009], but there was a slightly decreased trend in septic rats [Sepsis IT9 group vs. Sepsis group, 2.301 (2,3.146) vs. 0 (0,4.185) Log10 CFU/g, U = 36, P = 0.721; Sepsis CT9 group vs. Sepsis group, 2 (0,3.279) vs. 0 (0,4.185) Log10 CFU/g, U = 32.5, P = 0.760]. Remarkably, the quantity of Enterococci spp. dramatically increased after broad-spectrum antibiotic treatment in both the burned and septic groups [Burn IT3 group vs. Burn group, 1 (0,5.164) vs. 0 (0,0) Log10 CFU/g, U = 16; Burn IT9 group vs. Burn group, 1 (0,2.845) vs. 0 (0,0) Log10 CFU/g, U = 16; Burn CT3 group vs. Burn group, 2.602 (0,3.633) vs. 0 (0,0) Log10 CFU/g, U = 8; Burn CT9 group vs. Burn group, 1 (0,4.326) vs. 0 (0,0) Log10 CFU/g, U = 16; Sepsis IT3 group vs. Sepsis group, 2.477 (0,2.903) vs. 0 (0,0) Log10 CFU/g, U = 4.5; Sepsis IT9 group vs. Sepsis group, 2 (0,3.146) vs. 0 (0,0) Log10 CFU/g, U = 9; Sepsis CT3 group vs. Sepsis group, 1.151 (0,2.477) vs. 0 (0,0) Log10 CFU/g, U = 18; Sepsis CT9 group vs. Sepsis group, 2 (0,3) vs. 0 (0,0) Log10 CFU/g, U = 13.5; all P < 0.05].@*Conclusions:@#Broad-spectrum antibiotics promote BT in burned rats but prevent BT in septic rats, especially preventing BT to distant organs, such as the liver and lung. Moreover, Enterococci spp. with high drug resistance and high pathogenicity translocated most after antibiotic treatment.

18.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2085-2092, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780091

ABSTRACT

Curcumin, a polyphenolic compound from the plant Curcuma longa L., has shown a wide-spectrum of anti-inflammatory and antitumor activities. Despite the promising biological effects of curcumin, its poor solubility has restricted its use in the management of human ailments. To improve its water-solubility, curcumin succinate prodrugs were designed and synthesized and their aqueous solubility, stability, metabolism in rats and anti-inflammatory activity were evaluated (experiments had been approved by the ethics committee and carried out in accordance with the relevant guidelines and regulations; rats were provided by Beijing courtyard experimental animal center of Academy of Military Medical Sciences). The results showed that curcumin succinate prodrugs are very soluble in water and more stable than curcumin in water and in phosphate buffer solution. They released curcumin rapidly and quantitatively after intravenous administration. In phlogogen-induced paw edema in rats, curcumin succinate prodrugs showed anti-inflammatory activity as potent as dexamethasone.

19.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 935-947, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010434

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#As one of the most popular designs used in genetic research, family-based design has been well recognized for its advantages, such as robustness against population stratification and admixture. With vast amounts of genetic data collected from family-based studies, there is a great interest in studying the role of genetic markers from the aspect of risk prediction. This study aims to develop a new statistical approach for family-based risk prediction analysis with an improved prediction accuracy compared with existing methods based on family history.@*METHODS@#In this study, we propose an ensemble-based likelihood ratio (ELR) approach, Fam-ELR, for family-based genomic risk prediction. Fam-ELR incorporates a clustered receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve method to consider correlations among family samples, and uses a computationally efficient tree-assembling procedure for variable selection and model building.@*RESULTS@#Through simulations, Fam-ELR shows its robustness in various underlying disease models and pedigree structures, and attains better performance than two existing family-based risk prediction methods. In a real-data application to a family-based genome-wide dataset of conduct disorder, Fam-ELR demonstrates its ability to integrate potential risk predictors and interactions into the model for improved accuracy, especially on a genome-wide level.@*CONCLUSIONS@#By comparing existing approaches, such as genetic risk-score approach, Fam-ELR has the capacity of incorporating genetic variants with small or moderate marginal effects and their interactions into an improved risk prediction model. Therefore, it is a robust and useful approach for high-dimensional family-based risk prediction, especially on complex disease with unknown or less known disease etiology.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Area Under Curve , Computer Simulation , Conduct Disorder/physiopathology , Family Health , Genetic Markers , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genetic Variation , Genome, Human , Genome-Wide Association Study , Genomics , Likelihood Functions , Models, Genetic , Odds Ratio , Pedigree , ROC Curve , Reproducibility of Results , Risk Factors
20.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 433-441, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708558

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the anatomical differences of tibia osteotomy between Han and Uygur populations and to analysis their compatibility with imported prosthesis component.Methods Two hundred patients (400 knees) were selected from the outpatients and healthy volunteers of the non-knee joint disease from September 1,2012 to December 1,2014,with 86 men (172 knees) and 114 women (228 knees).The average age is 44.64-10.8 years (range 21-68 years old).According to the populations,the subjects were divided into Han group and Uygur group.Furthermore,each group was divided into male subgroup and female subgroup.A full-length CT scan of the lower limb was conducted to reconstruct the knee joint in the workstation.The tibial osteotomy was simulated in total knee arthroplasty.The transverse diameter of the tibial cross section,the longitudinal depth of the medial platform and the depth of the lateral platform were measured.The front and back diameter and aspect ratio of the osteotomy were calculated.There parameters were compared between the Han and Uygur groups.Five mm tolerance range method was used to analysis the cover rate of the following three kinds of commercially imported prosthesis,namely Depuy,Link and Zimmer.Results The mean value of the tibial cross section were 72.3±4.3 mm,50.7±3.1 mm,47.8±3.0 mm,49.3±2.9 mm and 0.682±0.021 in Han group,while those were 74.5±4.8 mm,51.4±3.0 mm,48.6±2.8 mm,50.0±2.9 mm and 0.672±0.020 in Uygur group,respectively.Except the aspect ratio,the average value of each parameter in Uygur group was greater than that in the Han group with statistically significant differences between the two populations.The cover rate of the three kinds of prosthesis tibial component were 53.0%,37.0% and 40.0% for Han group,but 61.0%,43.0% and 42.5% for Uygur group.Depuy prosthesis was fit for the Uygur population better.Conclusion The geometry and anatomy of proximal tibia in Chinese showed significant difference between Han and Uygur populations.The mean covering rates of the imported tibial components were low in the dimensions of the resected surface.We can improve the prosthesis and the matching degree by adjusting the parameters or increasing the model set.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL