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1.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 410-415, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981284

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the clinical effects of three treatment methods including systemic thrombolysis(ST),catheter-directed thrombolysis(CDT),and AngioJet percutaneous mechanical thrombectomy(PMT)in acute lower extremity deep venous thrombosis(LEDVT). Methods The data of 82 patients diagnosed with LEDVT in the Department of Vascular and Gland Surgery of the First Affiliated Hospital of Hebei North University from January 2017 to December 2020 were collected.The patients were assigned into a ST group(n=50),a CDT group(n=16),and a PMT group(n=16)according to different treatment methods.The efficacy and safety were compared among the three groups. Results Compared with that before treatment,the circumferential diameter difference of both lower limbs on days 1,2,and 3 of treatment in the ST,CDT,and PMT groups reduced(all P<0.001).The PMT group showed smaller circumferential diameter difference of lower limbs on days 1,2,and 3 of treatment than the ST group(all P<0.001)and smaller circumferential diameter difference of the lower patellar margin on day 1 of treatment than the CDT group(P<0.001).The PMT group showed higher diminution rate for swelling of the affected limb at the upper and lower edges of the patella than the ST group(P<0.001)and higher diminution rate for swelling at the upper edge of the patella than the CDT group(P=0.026).The incidence of complications after treatment showed no significant differences among the three groups(all P>0.05).The median of hospital stay in the PMT group was shorter than that in the ST and CDT groups(P=0.002,P=0.001).The PMT group had higher thrombus clearance rate than the ST group(P=0.002)and no significant difference in the thrombus clearance rate from the CDT group(P=0.361).The vascular recanalization rates in the PMT(all P<0.001)and CDT(P<0.001,P=0.002,P=0.009)groups 3,6,and 12 months after treatment were higher than those in ST group,and there were no significant differences between PMT and CDT groups(P=0.341,P=0.210,P=0.341). Conclusions ST,CDT,and PMT demonstrated significant efficacy in the treatment of LEDVT,and PMT was superior to ST and CDT in terms of circumferential diameter difference of the lower limbs,diminution rate for swelling of the affected limb,thrombus clearance rate,length of hospital stay,and long-term vascular recanalization.There was no obvious difference in safety among the three therapies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Thrombolytic Therapy/methods , Fibrinolytic Agents/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome , Thrombectomy/methods , Venous Thrombosis/drug therapy , Lower Extremity/blood supply , Catheters , Retrospective Studies
2.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 680-688, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986837

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the prognostic value of preoperative inflammatory and nutritional condition detection in the postoperative survival, and establish a prognostic model for predicting the survival of patients with gastric cancer. Methods: The clinicopathological data of 1123 patients with gastric cancer who had undergone radical gastrectomy in Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute & Hospital from January 2005 to December 2014 were retrospectively analyzed. Patients with history of other malignancy, with history of gastrectomy, who had received preoperative treatment, who died during the initial hospital stay or first postoperative month, and missing clinical and pathological information were excluded. Cox univariate and multivariate analyses were used to identify independent clinicopathological factors associated with the survival of these gastric cancer patients. Cox univariate analysis was used to identify preoperative inflammatory and nutritional indexes related to the survival of patients with gastric cancer after radical gastrectomy. Moreover, the Cox proportional regression model for multivariate survival analysis (forward stepwise regression method based on maximum likelihood estimation) was used. The independent clinicopathological factors that affect survival were incorporated into the following three new prognostic models: (1) an inflammatory model: significant preoperative inflammatory indexes identified through clinical and univariate analysis; (2) a nutritional model: significant preoperative nutritional indexes identified through clinical and univariate analysis; and (3) combined inflammatory/nutritional model: significant preoperative inflammatory and nutritional indexes identified through clinical and univariate analysis. A model that comprised only pT and pN stages in tumor TNM staging was used as a control model. The integrated area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (iAUC) and C-index were used to evaluate the discrimination of the model. Model fitting was evaluated by Akaike information criterion analysis. Calibration curves were used to assess agreement between the predicted probabilities and actual probabilities at 3-year or 5-year overall survival (OS). Results: The study cohort comprised 1 123 patients with gastric cancer. The mean age was 58.9±11.6 years, and 783 were males. According to univariate analysis, age, surgical procedure, extent of lymph node dissection, tumor location, maximum tumor size, number of examined lymph nodes, pT stage, pN stage, and nerve invasion were associated with 5-year OS after radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer (all P<0.050). Multivariate analysis further identified age (HR: 1.18, 95%CI: 1.03-1.36, P=0.019), maximum tumor size (HR: 1.19, 95%CI: 1.03-1.38, P=0.022), number of examined lymph nodes (HR: 0.79, 95%CI: 0.68-0.92, P=0.003), pT stage (HR: 1.40, 95%CI: 1.26-1.55, P<0.001) and pN stage (HR: 1.28, 95%CI: 1.21-1.35, P<0.001) as independent prognostic factors for OS of gastric cancer patients. Additionally, according to univariate survival analysis, the preoperative inflammatory markers of neutrophil count, percentage of neutrophils, neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio, platelet/neutrophil ratio and preoperative nutritional indicators of serum albumin and body mass index were potential prognostic factors for gastric cancer (all P<0.05). On the basis of the above results, three models for prediction of prognosis were constructed. Variables included in the three models are as follows. (1) Inflammatory model: age, maximum tumor size, number of examined lymph nodes, pT stage, pN stage, percentage of neutrophils, and neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio; (2) nutritional model: age, maximum tumor size, number of examined lymph nodes, pT stage, pN stage, and serum albumin; and (3) combined inflammatory/nutritional model: age, maximum tumor size, number of examined lymph nodes, pT stage, pN stage, percentage of neutrophils, neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio, and serum albumin. We found that the predictive accuracy of the combined inflammatory/nutritional model, which incorporates both inflammatory indicators and nutrition indicators (iAUC: 0.676, 95% CI: 0.650-0.719, C-index: 0.698),was superior to that of the inflammation model (iAUC: 0.662, 95% CI: 0.673-0.706;C-index: 0.675), nutritional model (iAUC: 0.666, 95% CI: 0.642-0.698, C-index: 0.672), and TNM staging control model (iAUC: 0.676, 95% CI: 0.650-0.719, C-index: 0.658). Furthermore, the combined inflammatory/nutritional model had better fitting performance (AIC: 10 762) than the inflammatory model (AIC: 10 834), nutritional model (AIC: 10 810), and TNM staging control model (AIC: 10 974). Conclusions: Preoperative percentage of neutrophils, NLR, and BMI have predictive value for the prognosis of gastric cancer patients. The inflammatory / nutritional model can be used to predict the survival and prognosis of gastric cancer patients on an individualized basis.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Female , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , Neoplasm Staging , Gastrectomy , Serum Albumin
3.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 422-426, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986089

ABSTRACT

Objective: To measure and analyze the shoulder circumferences of adults' permanent teeth crown preparations based on data collected through the intraoral scanning, so as to provide dental anatomy data for clinical diagnosis and analysis. Methods: Intraoral scanning data of 840 complete crown preparations were collected, and were entrusted to the World Dental Laboratory Co., Ltd. in Fuzhou between March 2021 and June 2022. Except the data of the third molar, the rest data were categorized in terms of 14 tooth positions in the upper and lower jaw (each category involved 30 samples from male group and 30 samples from female group). Image measurement software was used to measure the shoulder circumferences of permanent teeth crown preparations. And analysis was conducted to reveal the difference of shoulder circumference diameters between male and female groups. And then they were grouped according to the mean value at each tooth position, on the premise that the difference between the maximum and minimum values and the mean value of the entire group was≤±1.00 mm. Analysis were further conducted to determine the differences of shoulder circumference diameters between each dental position and the differences between male and female in the same groups. Results: Bivariate analysis of variance showed that gender had no effect on the shoulder circumference of full crown preparations (F=0.55, P=1.457), while tooth position had a significant impact on the shoulder circumference of full crown preparations (F=273.15, P<0.001). The samples were classified into 5 groups according to the mean values of shoulder circumference diameters relating to each tooth position. Statistical analysis showed that Group 1, covering maxillary lateral incisor, mandibular central incisor and mandibular lateral incisor, had shoulder circumference with diameters of (16.62±2.21) mm; Group 2, consisting of maxillary central incisor, maxillary cusp, mandibular cusp, mandibular first premolar and mandibular second premolar, had diameters of (20.78±2.48) mm; Group 3, consisting of maxillary first premolar and maxillary second premolar, had diamerters of (22.09±2.72) mm; Group 4, covering maxillary first molar, maxillary second molar and mandibular first molar, had diamerters of (30.21±2.67) mm; while group 5, with mandibular second molar alone its member, had diamerters of (31.34±3.18) mm. The difference among the 5 groups was statistically significant (P<0.05). Conclusions: Significant differences of shoulder circumference diameters could be found between different tooth positions, while at the same tooth position, the differences between male and female are not significant. The 14 tooth positions could be grouped into 5 groups according to their shoulder circumference diameters. Future research could take the grouping as reference.

4.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 127-134, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970300

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This study was aimed at investigating the carrier rate of, and molecular variation in, α- and β-globin gene mutations in Hunan Province.@*METHODS@#We recruited 25,946 individuals attending premarital screening from 42 districts and counties in all 14 cities of Hunan Province. Hematological screening was performed, and molecular parameters were assessed.@*RESULTS@#The overall carrier rate of thalassemia was 7.1%, including 4.83% for α-thalassemia, 2.15% for β-thalassemia, and 0.12% for both α- and β-thalassemia. The highest carrier rate of thalassemia was in Yongzhou (14.57%). The most abundant genotype of α-thalassemia and β-thalassemia was -α 3.7/αα (50.23%) and β IVS-II-654/β N (28.23%), respectively. Four α-globin mutations [CD108 (ACC>AAC), CAP +29 (G>C), Hb Agrinio and Hb Cervantes] and six β-globin mutations [CAP +8 (C>T), IVS-II-848 (C>T), -56 (G>C), beta nt-77 (G>C), codon 20/21 (-TGGA) and Hb Knossos] had not previously been identified in China. Furthermore, this study provides the first report of the carrier rates of abnormal hemoglobin variants and α-globin triplication in Hunan Province, which were 0.49% and 1.99%, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#Our study demonstrates the high complexity and diversity of thalassemia gene mutations in the Hunan population. The results should facilitate genetic counselling and the prevention of severe thalassemia in this region.


Subject(s)
Humans , beta-Thalassemia/genetics , alpha-Thalassemia/genetics , Hemoglobinopathies/genetics , China/epidemiology , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing
5.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 337-340, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982241

ABSTRACT

To change the traditional hospital medical supplies rough management mode, the hospitals build an information material management platform which combines suppliers and hospitals, information systems and smart devices, clinical needs and professional operations innovatively. Finally, a lean management system called SPD is formed under the guidance of supply chain integration and supported by supply chain management theory and information technology. It has realized the whole process of consumables circulation information traceability, intelligent service in the hospital, and refined management of consumption settlement. The application of SPD in hospitals effectively improves the informatization level and overall operation efficiency of medical consumables management which is an important part of hospital information construction.


Subject(s)
Hospital Administration , Hospitals , Allografts
6.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 389-395, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984734

ABSTRACT

Objective: To construct a new co-cultured liver cancer research model composed of activated hepatic stellate cells (aHSC) and liver cancer cells, explore the efficacy difference between it and traditional model, so as to establish a liver cancer research model in vitro and in vivo that can reflect the real clinical efficacy. Methods: A new co-culture model of liver cancer consisting of aHSC and liver cancer cells was constructed. The differences in efficacy between the new co-culture model and the traditional single cell model were compared by cytotoxicity test, cell migration test, drug retention test and in vivo tumor inhibition test. Western blot was used to detect the drug-resistant protein P-gp and epithelial-mesenchymal transition-related proteins. Masson staining was used to observe the deposition of collagen fibers in tumor tissues of tumor-bearing mice. CD31 immunohistochemical staining was used to observe the microvessel density in tumor tissues of tumor-bearing mice. Results: The cytotoxicity of single cell model and co-culture model was dose-dependent. With the increase of curcumin (CUR) concentration, the cell viability decreased, but the cell viability of single cell model decreased faster than that of co-culture model. When the concentration of CUR was 10 μg/ml, the cell viability of the co-culture model was 62.3% and the migration rate was (28.05±3.68)%, which were higher than those of the single cell model [38.5% and (14.91±5.92)%, both P<0.05]. Western blot analysis showed that the expressions of P-gp and vimentin were up-regulated in the co-culture model, which were 1.55 and 2.04 fold changes of the single cell model, respectively. The expression of E-cadherin was down-regulated, and the expression level of E-cadherin in the single cell model was 1.17 fold changes of the co-culture model. Drug retention experiment showed that the co-culture model could promote drug efflux and reduce drug retention. In vivo tumor inhibition experiment showed that the m-HSC+ H22 co-transplantation model had faster tumor growth and larger tumor volume than those of the H22 single cell transplantation model. After CUR treatment, the tumor growths of m-HSC+ H22 co-transplantation model and H22 single cell transplantation model were inhibited. Masson staining showed that the deposition of collagen fibers in tumor tissues of m-HSC+ H22 co-transplantation model mice was more than that of H22 single cell transplantation model. CD31 immunohistochemical staining showed that the microvessel density in tumor tissue of m-HSC+ H22 co-transplantation model was higher than that of H22 single cell transplantation model. Conclusions: The aHSC+ liver cancer cell co-culture model has strong proliferation and metastasis ability and is easy to be resistant to drugs. It is a new type of liver cancer treatment research model superior to the traditional single cell model.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Tumor Microenvironment , Coculture Techniques , Liver Neoplasms/pathology , Cadherins , Curcumin/pharmacology , Collagen , Cell Line, Tumor
7.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 265-270, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971524

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the efficacy of Bushen Huoxue Fang (BSHXF, a traditional Chinese medicine formula) for improving recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA) in mice and the role of tyrosine kinase (JAK2) and transcriptional activator (STAT3) signaling pathway in its therapeutic mechanism.@*METHODS@#Female CBA/J mice were caged with male DBA/2 mice to establish RSA mouse models, which were randomly divided into model group, dydrogesterone group and BSHXF group, with the female mice caged with male BALB/c mice as the control group (n=6). From the first day of pregnancy, the mice were subjected to daily intragastric administration of BSHXF, dydrogesterone, or distilled water (in control and model groups) for 12 days. After the treatments, serum levels of antithrombin III (AT-III), activated protein C (APC), tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA), progesterone, human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG), and estradiol (E2) were detected in each group using ELISA. HE staining was used to observe the morphological changes of the endometrium of the mice. Western blotting was performed to determine the expressions of p-JAK2, p-Stat3 and Bcl-2 in the placenta of the mice.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control mice, the mouse models of RSA showed a significantly increased embryo loss rate with decreased serum levels of AT-III, T-PA, progesterone, APC and HCG, increased placental expressions of p-JAK2, p-STAT3 and Bax, and decreased expression of Bcl-2 (P < 0.05). Treatments with BSHXF and dydrogesterone both increased serum levels of AT-III, t-PA and HCG in the mouse models; Serum APC level was significantly reduced in BSHXF group and serum progesterone level was significantly increased in dydrogesterone group (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#BSHXF can improve the prethrombotic state and inhibit cell apoptosis by downregulating the JAK2/STAT3 pathway to increase the pregnancy rate in mouse models of RSA.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Abortion, Habitual/prevention & control , Signal Transduction , Down-Regulation , Disease Models, Animal
8.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 144-148, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971287

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate whether 3D-printed artificial vertebral body can reduce prosthesis subsidence rate for patients with cervical chordomas, through comparing the rates of prosthesis subsidence between 3D printing artificial vertebral body and titanium mesh for anterior spinal reconstruction after total spondylectomy.@*METHODS@#This was a retrospective analysis of patients who underwent surgical treatment for cervical chordoma at our hospital from March 2005 to September 2019. There were nine patients in the group of 3D artificial vertebral body (3D group), and 15 patients in the group of titanium mesh cage (Mesh group). The patients' characteristics and treatment data were extracted from the medical records, including age, gender, CT hounsfield unit of cervical vertebra and surgical information, such as the surgical segments, time and blood loss of surgery, frequency and degree of prosthesis subsidence after surgery. Radiographic observations of prosthesis subsidence during the follow-up, including X-rays, CT, and magnetic resonance imaging were also collected. SPSS 22.0 was used to analysis the data.@*RESULTS@#There was no significant difference between the two groups in gender, age, CT hounsfield unit, surgical segments, time of surgery, blood loss of posterior surgery and total blood loss. Blood loss of anterior surgery was 700 (300, 825) mL in 3D group and 1 500 (750, 2 800) mL in Mesh group (P < 0.05). The prosthesis subsidence during the follow-up, 3 months after surgery, there was significant difference between the two groups in mild prosthesis subsidence (P < 0.05). The vertebral height of the 3D group decreased less than 1 mm in eight cases (no prosthesis subsidence) and more than 1 mm in one case (mild prosthesis subsidence). The vertebral height of the Mesh group decreased less than 1 mm in five cases (no prosthesis subsidence), and more than 1 mm in eight cases (mild prosthesis subsidence). Two patients did not have X-rays in 3 months after surgery. There was a statistically significant difference between the two groups in the prosthesis subsidence rate at the end of 12 months (P < 0.01). The vertebral height of eight cases in the 3D group decreased less than 1 mm (no prosthesis subsidence) and one case more than 3 mm (severe prosthesis subsidence). Four of the 15 cases in the Mesh group decreased less than 1 mm (no prosthesis subsidence), two cases more than 1 mm (mild prosthesis subsidence), and nine cases more than 3 mm (severe prosthesis subsidence). There was a statistically significant difference between the two groups in the prosthesis subsidence rate at the end of 24 months (P < 0.01). The vertebral height of seven cases in the 3D group decreased less than 1 mm (no prosthesis subsidence), one case more than 3 mm (severe prosthesis subsidence), and one case died with tumor. One case in the Mesh group decreased less than 1 mm (no prosthesis subsidence), one case more than 1 mm (mild prosthesis subsidence), 11 case more than 3 mm (severe prosthesis subsidence), one case died with tumor and one lost the follow-up. Moreover, at the end of 12 months and 24 months, there was significant difference between the two groups in severe prosthesis subsidence rate (P < 0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#3D-printed artificial vertebral body for anterior spinal reconstruction after total spondylectomy for patients with cervical chordoma can provide reliable spinal stability, and reduce the incidence of prosthesis subsidence after 2-year follow-up.


Subject(s)
Humans , Chordoma/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Vertebral Body , Titanium , Cervical Vertebrae/surgery , Printing, Three-Dimensional , Spinal Fusion/methods , Treatment Outcome
9.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 251-255, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920609

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effects of major family structure changes on depression, anxiety and stress symptoms of college students, and to provide theoretical basis for mental health promotion and prevention.@*Methods@#A questionnaire survey was conducted among 9 779 college students from 6 universities, including Jiangxi University of Finance and Economics, Shangrao Normal University, Gannan Normal University, Fujian Polytechnic Normal University, and Changjiang University, by using the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale 21 Items (DASS 21).@*Results@#The prevalence rates of depression, anxiety and stress symptoms among college students were 27.4%, 42.0% and 17.4%, respectively. Univariate analysis showed that family structure was associated with anxiety and stress symptoms ( χ 2=8.40,13.08, P <0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that specific family structure other than single or two parent family was positively correlated with anxiety( OR =1.89,95% CI =1.05- 3.42 ) and stress symptoms ( OR =2.48, 95% CI =1.36-4.50), family structure changes due to parental divorce was positively correlated with stress symptoms ( OR =1.53,95% CI =1.05-2.20)( P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#The occurrence of depression, anxiety and stress symptoms of college students is related to the type of family structure and the changing factors. Colleges should pay more attention to the mental condition of college students with family structure changes, and deliver various mental health promotion services including psychological counseling and health education.

10.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 242-246, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920606

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the relationship and gender difference between family rearing styles with emotional and behavior problems in preschool children aged 3-6 years, so as to provide reference for early prevention and intervention of children s emotional and behavior problems.@*Methods@#Using the method of stratified cluster sampling, 9 647 children aged 3-6 years old from 36 kindergartens in Wuhu, Lu an and Fuyang of Anhui Province were selected in June 2021. Primary caregivers were investigated with self designed questionnaire, Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (parents version) and Parental Rearing Style Scale.@*Results@#The detection rate of elevated SDQ total difficulty score was 6.5%, with boys (7.1%) higher than that of girls (5.8%). The detection rate of abnormal emotional behavior were significantly higher in children with high scores on doting, laissez faire, autocracy and inconsistency of family rearing style, compared with those in the low score group ( χ 2=210.32, 203.87, 102.70, 212.69, P <0.01 ), and the detection rate increased with the increase of score. However, the detection rate of abnormal emotional behavior in the high score group of democracy was significantly lower than that in the low score group ( χ 2=156.24, P <0.01), and the detection rate decreased with the increase of score. Logistic regression analysis showed that high level doting ( OR =4.31), laissez faire ( OR = 4.16), autocracy ( OR =3.36) and inconsistency ( OR =4.76) of family rearing style were associated with high risk of children s emotional behavior problems, while high level of democracy ( OR =0.34) in family rearing style was associated with low risk of emotional behavior problems. The comparison between boys and girls showed that the risk of emotional and behavioral problems in the indulgent rearing style of boys was significantly higher than that of girls ( OR =1.90, 2.13) ( P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#Family rearing styles are associated with emotional and behavioral problems among preschool children. Boys are sensitive to the negative impact of doting rearing style. Good rearing styles is beneficial to the prevention and control of children s emotional and behavioral problems.

11.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1139-1142, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940041

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the relationship of maternal adverse childhood experiences(ACEs) with mother child relationship, so as to provide reference for parent child relationship and child health promotion.@*Methods@#In June 2021, children aged 3-6 years old of 36 kindergartens in three areas in Anhui Province were selected by stratified cluster sampling method, follow up data were collected in December 2021, and a total of 6 111 children were included in the study. Maternal ACEs and mother child relationship were respectively assessed using the Adverse Childhood Experiences International Questionnaire(ACEs-IQ)and the Child Parent Relationship Scale (CPRS). A multiple linear regression model was established to analyze the association of maternal ACEs and mother child relationship in preschool children.@*Results@#History of maternal childhood sexual abuse, physical neglect and peer bullying were negatively associated with mother child intimacy ( r =-0.03, -0.03, -0.03, P <0.05). Maternal emotional abuse, physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional neglect, physical neglect, peer bullying, community violence, and total family dysfunction were positively associated with mother child dependence and mother child conflict ( r =0.09, 0.08, 0.05, 0.14, 0.06, 0.11, 0.08, 0.04; 0.18, 0.17, 0.07, 0.20, 0.11, 0.16, 0.12, 0.10, P <0.01). There was no statistically significant between all types of maternal ACEs and mother child intimacy in boys( P >0.05). Mothers with a history of physical abuse, sexual abuse and peer bullying had a statistically significant relationship between mother child intimacy in girls( β =-0.17, -0.62, -0.19, P <0.05). All types of maternal ACEs were positive predictors of mother child conflict between boys and girls( β =0.37-1.96, P <0.05). There was statistical significance between maternal childhood sexual abuse and mother child dependence of boys( β =0.53, P <0.05), but no statistical significance between maternal childhood sexual abuse and mother child dependence of girls( P >0.05). All other types of maternal ACEs were positive predictors of mother child dependence( β =0.09-0.41, P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#Maternal ACEs are associated with poor mother child relationship among preschool children, and maternal ACEs should be actively followed, which is of great significance for improving the parent child relationship and promoting child healthy development.

12.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1144-1147, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991931

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of high-flow oxygen therapy after weaning in successful extubation of critically ill patients with mechanical ventilation.Methods:A retrospective study was conducted. The weaned patients who were older than 18 years old and underwent mechanical ventilation for the first time due to cerebrovascular accidents, surgical operations, cardiovascular diseases, and pneumonia admitted to the department of critical care medicine of Zhejiang Hospital from January 2018 to June 2020 were enrolled. Among the patients, 40 cases received high-flow oxygen therapy after weaning, and 37 cases received Venturi combined with the humidifier. The patient's gender, age, primary disease, severity score, duration of mechanical ventilation before weaning, heart rate (HR), blood pressure, pulse oxygen saturation (SpO 2) at 0, 6, 12, 18, and 24 hours after weaning, and pH value, arterial partial pressure of oxygen (PaO 2), arterial partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PaCO 2) at 6, 12, 18, and 24 hours after weaning, the rate of performing mechanical ventilation after weaning, extubation time after weaning, and the rate of reintubation after extubation for 72 hours were collected. Results:There was no significant difference in baseline data such as gender, age, primary disease, severity score, and duration of mechanical ventilation before weaning between the two groups. After weaning, the vital signs of the two groups were stable, and there was no significant difference in HR, systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP) or SpO 2 at each time point between the two groups. After weaning, the pH of arterial blood gas analysis in the two groups and the fluctuations of PaO 2 and PaCO 2 in the high-flow group were not obvious. In the Venturi group, PaO 2 gradually decreased after weaning, PaCO 2 increased significantly at 12 hours, and slowly decreased after 12 hours. The PaO 2 from 6 hours and PaCO 2 from 12 hours in the high-flow group were significantly lower than those in the Venturi group, and continued to 24 hours [PaO 2 (mmHg, 1 mmHg≈0.133 kPa): 112.34±38.25 vs. 156.76±68.44 at 6 hours, 110.92±38.66 vs. 150.64±59.07 at 12 hours, 111.12±36.77 vs. 141.30±39.05 at 18 hours, 110.82±39.37 vs. 139.65±41.50 at 24 hours; PaCO 2 (mmHg): 41.30±7.51 vs. 47.42±7.54 at 12 hours, 40.97±6.98 vs. 45.83±8.63 at 18 hours, 40.10±7.06 vs. 46.14±9.15 at 24 hours, all P < 0.01]. The rate of performed mechanical ventilation after weaning and the rate of reintubation after extubation for 72 hours in the high-flow group were significantly lower than those in the Venturi group [17.5% (7/40) vs. 40.5% (15/37), 6.2% (2/32) vs. 31.8% (7/22), both P < 0.05], and the extubation time after weaning was significantly shorter than that in the Venturi group (hours: 22.43±11.72 vs. 28.07±10.42, P < 0.05). Conclusion:Using high-flow oxygen therapy to the extubation process of critically ill mechanical ventilation patients can reduce the incidence of carbon dioxide retention and the rate of performed mechanical ventilation after weaning, shorten the extubation time after weaning, and reduce the rate of reintubation after extubation for 72 hours.

13.
Rev. méd. Panamá ; 41(2): 23-25, oct. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1371912

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El hematoma subdural crónico calcificado o "cerebro blindado" es un hallazgo raro dentro de la práctica neuroquirúrgica, constituyendo el 0.3% al 2.7% de los hematomas subdurales. Aún se desconoce el mecanismo fisiopatológico por el cual se desarrolla, sin embargo, se ha propuesto que una pobre circulación en el espacio subdural y trombosis predispone a su formación. Caso Clínico: Se reporta el caso de una femenina de 30 años con antecedente de hidrocefalia con derivación ventrículo-peritoneal derecha desde los 3 años que acude con historia de cefalea que no mejoraba con analgésicos, sin otra alteración neurológica. Se le realizó una tomografía cerebral simple que evidenció una colección extra axial bilateral hipodensa con calcificación perilesional sugestivo de hematoma subdural crónico calcificado. Se lleva a cabo craneotomía temporo-parietal izquierda y trepano derecho para exploración y evacuación de ambos hematomas sin complicaciones. Conclusión: La calcificación de un hematoma subdural crónico es una entidad rara, por lo que es necesario considerarse dentro de los diagnósticos diferenciales ante hallazgos sugestivos de calcificaciones intracraneales. Su manejo aún es controversial. El tratamiento quirúrgico puede constituir una buena elección en pacientes con sintomatología de efecto de masa. Sin embargo, es posible brindar un manejo conservador en asintomáticos, por lo que es necesario un manejo individualizado para cada paciente. (provisto por Infomedic International)

14.
Clinics ; 76: e2358, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249574

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: In the present study, a novel single knot tenorrhaphy was developed by combining the modified Kessler flexor tendon suture (MK) with the loop lock technique. METHODS: A total of 48 porcine flexor digitorum profundus tendons were collected and randomly divided into six groups. The tendons were transversely cut and then repaired using six different techniques, the MK method, double knot Kessler-loop lock flexor tendon suture (DK), and single knot Kessler-loop lock flexor tendon suture (SK), each in combination with the epitendinous suture (P), and the same three techniques without P. Furthermore, by performing the load-to-failure tests, the biomechanical properties and the time taken to complete a repair, for each tenorrhaphy, were assessed. RESULTS: Compared to the MK+P method, DK+P was more improved, thereby enhancing the ultimate tensile strength. The SK+P method, which required fewer knots than DK+P, was easier to perform. Moreover, the SK+P repair increased the force at a 2-mm gap formation, while requiring lesser knots than DK+P. CONCLUSION: As opposed to the traditional MK+P method, the SK+P method was improved and exhibited better biomechanical properties, which may facilitate early mobilization after the repair.


Subject(s)
Animals , Sutures , Suture Techniques , Swine , Tendons/surgery , Tensile Strength , Biomechanical Phenomena
15.
Safety and Health at Work ; : 390-395, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-895674

ABSTRACT

Background@#Health-care providers typically undergo shift work and are subjected to increased stress. Night shift work may induce disturbed sleep cycles and circadian rhythm. The objective of this study was to explore if night shift workers (NSWs) show an increased risk of abnormal thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH). @*Methods@#We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 574 employees without thyroid disease and abnormal TSH at baseline who underwent annual check-ups between 2007 and 2016 in a medical center. NSWs were defined as those with working time schedules other than daytime hours. We calculated the incidence rate and estimated the adjusted hazard ratio (HR) for incident abnormal TSH and subclinical hypothyroidism compared with non-NSWs using a Cox regression model. @*Results@#A total of 56 incident abnormal TSH cases and 39 subclinical hypothyroidism cases in NSWs were identified during 3000 person-years of follow-up. In models adjusted for age, sex, obesity, and working departments, we found no increased relative risk for incident abnormal TSH (HR: 0.72, 95% confidence interval: 0.33–1.60) or subclinical hypothyroidism (HR: 0.52, 95% confidence interval: 0.19–1.45) when comparing NSWs to non-NSWs; nor were incidence rates significantly different among exclusively medical employees after excluding administrative staff. @*Conclusion@#In this hospital-based nine-year follow-up retrospective cohort study, NSWs were not associated with increased relative risk of incident abnormal TSH and subclinical hypothyroidism, in contrast to previous cross-sectional studies.

16.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 991-994, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921571

ABSTRACT

We reported a case of irreducible indirect inguinal hernia caused by sigmoid colon cancer entering the right groin.The patient complained about a right groin mass for more than 60 years with progressive enlargement for 3 years and pain for half a month.Abdominal CT examination at admission showed rectum and sigmoid colon hernia in the right inguinal area and thickening of sigmoid colon wall.Electronic colonoscopy and pathological diagnosis showed sigmoid colon cancer.Therefore,the result of preliminary diagnosis was irreducible indirect inguinal hernia caused by sigmoid colon cancer entering the right groin.We converted laparoscopic exploration to laparotomy followed by radical sigmoidectomy and employed end-to-end anastomosis of descending colon and rectum in combination with repair of right inguinal hernia.The patient recovered well after operation and was discharged.


Subject(s)
Humans , Colon, Sigmoid/surgery , Groin , Hernia, Inguinal/surgery , Laparoscopy , Sigmoid Neoplasms/surgery
17.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 856-864, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921550

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression and correlation of Runt-related transcription factor 3(RUNX3)and enhancer of zeste homolog 2(EZH2)in rectal cancer,and to reveal the relationship between the expression of RUNX3 and EZH2 and the sensitivity of XELOX regimen to neoadjuvant chemotherapy in locally advanced rectal cancer patients. Methods The carcinoma and paracancerous tissues of 31 patients with rectal adenocarcinoma and no preoperative antitumor therapy were selected as cancer group and paracancer group,respectively.The relative mRNA levels of RUNX3 and EZH2 in the two groups were measured by real-time quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction,and the protein levels were determined by immunohistochemical assay.The expression of RUNX3 and EZH2 was compared between cancer tissue and paracancerous tissue.The pre-treatment wax blocks of 26 patients with locally advanced rectal cancer who received 3 cycles of XELOX regimen as neoadjuvant chemotherapy before surgery were selected as the pre-neoadjuvant therapy group,and the postoperative pathological wax blocks were selected as the post-neoadjuvant treatment group.Tumor regression grade(TRG)was determined to evaluate the efficacy of neoadjuvant therapy.Immunohistochemical assay was used to detect the protein levels of RUNX3 and EZH2 in the two groups,and then the relationship between the expression patterns of the two proteins and the efficacy of neoadjuvant chemotherapy was analyzed. Results Compared with paracancerous tissue,the cancer tissue showed down-regulated mRNA level and reduced positive protein expression rate of RUNX3,while up-regulated mRNA level(


Subject(s)
Humans , Core Binding Factor Alpha 3 Subunit/genetics , Enhancer of Zeste Homolog 2 Protein/genetics , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Rectal Neoplasms/drug therapy , Transcription Factor 3
18.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 706-715, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921529

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a human colon cancer cell line HCT-116/5-FU resistant to 5-fluorouracil(5-FU)and explore the relationship between runt-related transcription factor 3(RUNX3)and drug resistance of colorectal cancer.Methods The human colon cancer cell line HCT-116/5-FU with resistance to 5-FU was established by low concentration gradient increment combined with high-dose intermittent shock.CCK-8 method was used to determine the half maximal inhibitory concentration(IC


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Line, Tumor , Colonic Neoplasms/genetics , Core Binding Factor Alpha 3 Subunit , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Fluorouracil/pharmacology , Transcription Factor 3
19.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 697-703, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942239

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate urinary continence recovery time and risk factors of urinary continence recovery after robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RARP).@*METHODS@#From January 2019 to January 2021, a consecutive series of patients with localized prostate cancer (cT1-T3, cN0, cM0) were prospectively collected. RARP with total anatomical reconstruction was performed in all the cases by an experienced surgeon. Lymph node dissection was performed if the patient was in high-risk group according to the D'Amico risk classification. The primary endpoint was urinary continence recovery time after catheter removal. Postoperative and pathological variables were analyzed. Continence was rigo-rously analyzed 48 hours, 1 week, 4 weeks, 12 weeks, and 24 weeks after catheter removal. Continence was evaluated by recording diaper pads used per day, and all the patients were instructed to perform the 24-hour pad weight test until full recovery of urinary continence. The patient was defined as continent if no more than one safety pad were needed per day, or no more than 20-gram urine leakage on the 24-hour pad weight test. Time from catheter removal to full recovery of urinary continence was recorded, and risk factors influencing continence recovery time evaluated.@*RESULTS@#In total, 166 patients were analyzed. The mean age of the enrolled patients was 66.2 years, and the median prostate specific antigen (PSA) was 8.51 μg/L. A total of 59 patients (35.5%) had bilateral lymphatic dissection, and 28 (16.9%) underwent neurovascular bundle (NVB) preservation surgery. Postoperative pathology results showed that stage pT1 in 1 case (0.6%), stage pT2 in 77 cases (46.4%), stage pT3 in 86 cases (51.8%), and positive margins in 28 patients (16.9%). Among patients who underwent lymph node dissection, lymph node metastasis was found in 7 cases (11.9%). Median continence recovery time was one week. The number of the continent patients at the end of 48 hours, 1 week, 4 weeks, 12 weeks, and 24 weeks were 65 (39.2%), 32 (19.3%), 34 (20.5%), 24 (14.5%), and 9 (5.4%). Two patients remained incontinent 24 weeks after catheter removal. The continence rates after catheter removal at the end of 48 hours, 1 week, 4 weeks, 12 weeks, and 24 weeks were 39.2%, 58.4%, 78.9%, 93.4%, and 98.8%, respectively. Univariate COX analysis revealed that diabetes appeared to influence continence recovery time (OR=1.589, 95%CI: 1.025-2.462, P=0.038). At the end of 48 hours, 4 weeks, 12 weeks, and 24 weeks after catheter removal, the mean OABSS score of the continent group was significantly lower than that of the incontinent group.@*CONCLUSION@#RARP showed promising results in the recovery of urinary continence. Diabetes was a risk factor influencing continence recovery time. Bladder overactive symptoms play an important role in the recovery of continence after RARP.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Male , Prostatectomy , Prostatic Neoplasms/surgery , Recovery of Function , Robotics , Treatment Outcome , Urinary Incontinence/etiology
20.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 675-679, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942235

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the prognostic factors affecting the failure of transvaginal repair of vesicovaginal fistula (VVF).@*METHODS@#A retrospective nested case-control study was conducted. A total of 15 patients who underwent unsuccessful transvaginal vesicovaginal fistula repair in the Department of Urology, Peking University First Hospital from January 2014 to December 2020 were enrolled as the case group. A total of 60 patients receiving transvaginal vesicovaginal fistula repair by the same surgeon within the same time range, were selected as the control group. The age, body mass index (BMI), etiology of vesicovaginal fistula, associated genitourinary malformation, frequency of repair, characteristics of fistula, surgical procedure, postoperative recovery and other factors were compared between the case group and the control group, and the influencing factors of failure were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The BMI of the case group was (26.3±3.9) kg/m2, the diameter of vaginal fistula was (1.5±0.8) cm, and the operative time of transvaginal repair was (111.8±19.8) min. The proportion of the patients with genitourinary malformations was 4/15, the proportion of the patients with multiple vaginal repairs was 13/15, the proportion of the patients with concurrent ureteral reimplantation was 6/15, and the proportion of the patients with postoperative fever was 5/15. In the control group, the BMI was (23.9±3.0) kg/m2, the diameter of vaginal fistula was (0.8±0.5) cm, the operative time of transvaginal repair was (99.9±19.7) min, the rate of associated genitourinary malformation was 2/60, the rate of multiple transvaginal repair was 18/60, the rate of concurrent ureteral reimplantation was 5/60, and no postoperative fever was found. Compared with the control group, the case group had higher BMI (P=0.013), bigger vaginal fistula (P=0.002), longer time of operation (P=0.027), higher proportion of genitourinary malformations (P=0.013), higher proportion of repeated transvaginal repair (P < 0.001), higher proportion of ureter reimplantation (P=0.006), and higher proportion of postoperative fever (P < 0.001). Multivariate analysis showed that fistula diameter ≥1 cm (OR=10.45, 95%CI=1.90-57.56, P=0.007) and repeated transvaginal repair (OR=16.97, 95%CI=3.17-90.91, P=0.001) were independent prognostic factors for VVF failure in transvaginal repair.@*CONCLUSION@#Fistula diameter ≥1 cm and repeated transvaginal repair are independent prognostic factors of failure in transvaginal repair.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Case-Control Studies , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Vesicovaginal Fistula/surgery
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