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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936302

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the molecular mechanism by which a novel naphthalene allyl trifluoromethyl benzocyclopentanone XX0335 inhibits the proliferation and induces apoptosis of lung cancer A549 cells.@*METHODS@#Lung cancer A549 cells were treated with 0.1% DMSO (control) or different concentrations (6.25, 12.5, and 25 μg/mL) of XX0335, and the changes in cell viability, cell cycle, proliferation and apoptosis were assessed with CCK-8 assay, EdU experiment, and flow cytometry. The effects of different concentrations of XX0335 on phosphorylation levels of proliferation-related proteins Akt, mTOR, Akt/mTOR and the expressions of cleaved PARP and cyclin D1 were determined using Western blotting. We also assessed the effect of XX0335 on tumor growth in a mouse model bearing A945 cell xenograft.@*RESULTS@#Treatment with XX0335 reduced the viability of A549 cells in a dose-dependent manner (P < 0.01) and significantly inhibited cell proliferation (P < 0.001). Flow cytometry showed that XX0335 treatment promoted apoptosis of the cells (P < 0.01) and caused an obvious increase of the number of G1-phase cells. Compared with DMSO, XX0335 significantly inhibited the phosphorylation of Akt and mTOR, increased the expression of cleaved PARP, and lowered the protein expression of cyclin D1. In the tumor-bearing mouse models, injection of XX0335 significantly decreased the tumor volume (P < 0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#XX0335 inhibits the proliferation, cycle and induces apoptosis of lung cancer A549 cells possibly by inhibiting the Akt/mTOR signal pathway.


Subject(s)
A549 Cells , Animals , Apoptosis , Cell Proliferation , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/metabolism , Mice , Naphthalenes/pharmacology
2.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 223-229, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935604

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the efficacy and safety of a new cervical artificial disc prosthesis in the treatment of cervical degenerative diseases. Methods: The clinical data of 18 patients with single-level cervical degenerative diseases who underwent three dimensional printed anatomical bionic cervical disc replacement at Department of Spinal Surgery,Honghui Hospital,Xi'an Jiaotong University from May 2019 to July 2020 were analyzed retrospectively. There were 7 males and 11 females,aged (45±8) years old(range:28 to 58 years).The surgical segment was located at C3-4 level in 2 cases, C4-5 level in 5 cases, C5-6 level in 9 cases, and C6-7 level in 2 cases.The clinical and radiographic outcomes were recorded and compared at preoperative,postoperative times of one month and twelve months.The clinical assessments contained Japanese orthopedic association (JOA) score,neck disability index (NDI) and visual analogue scale (VAS).Imaging assessments included range of motion (ROM) of cervical spine, prosthesis subsidence and prosthesis anteroposterior migration.Repeated measurement variance analysis was used for comparison between groups,and paired t test was used for pairwise comparison. Results: All patients underwent the operation successfully and were followed up for more than 12 months.Compared with preoperative score,the JOA score,NDI and VAS were significantly improved after surgery (all P<0.01).There was no significant difference in postoperative ROM compared with 1-and 12-month preoperative ROM (t=1.570,P=0.135;t=1.744,P=0.099). The prosthesis subsidence was (0.29±0.13) mm (range: 0.18 to 0.50 mm) at 12-month postoperatively.The migration of prosthesis at 12-months postoperatively were (0.71±0.20) mm (range: 0.44 to 1.08 mm).There was no prosthesis subsidence or migration>2 mm at 12-month postoperatively. Conclusion: Three dimensional printed anatomical biomimetic cervical artificial disc replacement has a good early clinical effect in the treatment of cervical degenerative diseases, good mobility can be obtained while maintaining stability.


Subject(s)
Adult , Biomimetics , Cervical Vertebrae/surgery , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Intervertebral Disc/surgery , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Range of Motion, Articular , Retrospective Studies , Total Disc Replacement/methods , Treatment Outcome
3.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 346-351, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934683

ABSTRACT

Obiective:To investigate the design, the key points of surgery and the outcome of short-term follow-up of hemi-elbow-arthroplastic bionic total humeral prosthesis by using 3D-print.Methods:The clinical data of 8 patients with humerus malignant tumor who underwent total humerus resection and a 3D-printed auxiliary hemi-elbow-arthroplastic total humeral prosthesis replacement from March 2018 to March 2020 at Peking University People's Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. The operative data, oncological outcome, complication profiles of prosthesis and functional status of all 8 patients were also analyzed. There were 3 males and 5 females with a mean age of 5-37 years. Histological diagnosis included 5 cases of osteosarcoma, 2 cases of Ewing's sarcoma and 1 case of chondrosarcoma.Results:The time for production of the prosthesis was (9.8±2.7) d, the operation time was (209±23) min and intraoperative hemorrhage was (569±173) ml. All the prostheses were implanted successfully and no patients experienced intraoperative complications. While 2 patients had postoperative complications, 1 case of temporary palsy of radial nerve and 1 case of local recurrence. LARS artificial ligament or hernia patch was used to reconstruct joint capsule and tendon-ligament attached around the elbow and shoulder joint. The flexion and extension of the elbow was (118±15)° (100-140°) and (11±9)° (0-25°), and the abduction and anteflexion of the shoulder was (28±12)° (15-50°) and (26±9)° (15-40°), respectively. The postoperative Musculoskeletal Tumor Society (MSTS)-93 scale score was (24.1±1.5) scores. The median follow-up time was 17 months (12-32 months), 7 patients had disease-free survival and 1 patient survived with tumor.Conclusions:The novel 3D-printed total humeral prosthesis with hemi-elbow-arthroplasty has a good perioperative safety, which is effective in restoring the function of elbow joint, solving the problem of stress concentration of ulnar marrow lever of total elbow joint prosthesis and lowering long-term wear rate and loosening rate of prosthesis.

4.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 301-306, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932243

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy of the novel bone cement bridging screw system combined with percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) in the treatment of symptomatic chronic osteoporotic vertebral fractures (SCOVF) with intravertebral vacuum cleft (IVC).Methods:A retrospective case series study was used to analyze the clinical data of 27 patients with SCOVF admitted to Honghui Hospital affiliated to Xi′an Jiaotong University from August 2016 to August 2018, including 6 males and 21 females; age 69-88 years [(75.2±4.9)years]. All patients were treated by the novel bone cement bridging screw combined with PVP. The operation time, amount of bone cement injected and occurrence of bone cement leakage or displacement were recorded. The vertebral body index (VBI), vertebral body angle (VBA), two-segment Cobb angle (BCA), visual analogue score (VAS) and Oswestry disability index (ODI) were compared preoperatively, at day 1 after operation and at the last follow-up. The results of the MOS 36-item short form health survey (SF-36) and Odom′s criteria were compared preoperatively and at the last follow-up to evaluate pain relief and neurological recovery.Results:All patients were followed up for 36-48 months [(40.2±3.7)months]. The operation time was 37-70 minutes [(49.6±10.8)minutes], with the amount of bone cement injected for 3-6 ml [(34.7±0.9)ml]. Intraoperative bone cement leakage occurred in 4 patients (15%), among which 3 had lateral vertebral leakage and 1 superior intervertebral disc leakage. There was no bone cement displacement during the postoperative period to the last follow-up. The VBI, VBA, BCA, VAS and ODI were (43.1±5.9)%, (21.0±2.6)°, (45.0±6.3)°, 7.6 (7.0, 8.0)points, (79.9±7.6)% preoperatively, were (78.7±2.6)%, (12.7±2.1)°, (26.1±4.7)°, 3.2 (3.0, 4.0)points, (50.0±9.3)% at day 1 after operation, and were (78.0±2.3)%, (13.2±2.4)°, (27.1±4.9)°, 2.0 (2.0, 2.0)points, (22.9±5.1)% at the last follow-up. There were significant differences in above five measures at day 1 after operation and at the final follow-up in comparison with the preoperative values (all P<0.05), and their values measured at day 1 after operation and at the final follow-up were also significantly different (all P<0.05). The SF-36 score in physical function, role physical, body pain, vitality and social function was 45.2 (40.0, 50.0)points, 28.7 (25.0, 50.0)points, 15.9 (10.0, 22.0)points, 48.3 (40.0, 60.0)points, 29.2 (25.0, 37.5)points preoperatively, significantly different from 78.0 (75.0, 85.0)points, 75.0 (75.0, 75.0)points, 68.1 (64.0, 74.0)points, 62.0 (55.0, 70.0)points, 34.7 (25.0, 37.5)points at the last follow-up (all P<0.05). However, there were no significant differences in SF-36 before operation and at the last follow-up in dimensions of general health, emotional function and mental health (all P>0.05). According to Odom′s criteria, 19 patients were graded as excellent, 7 good, 1 fair and 0 poor, with an excellent and good rate of 96%. Conclusion:For SCOVF patients with IVC, the novel bone cement bridging screw system combined with PVP has advantages of no displacement of bone cement, satisfactory fixation, significant pain relief and satisfactory functional recovery.

5.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 205-212, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932228

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the risk factors of cement displacement after percutaneous vertebral augmentation in patients with osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (OVCF).Methods:A case-control analysis was made on clinical data of 1 538 patients with OVCF admitted to Honghui Hospital Affiliated to Xi′an Jiaotong University from January 2016 to June 2021. There were 377 males and 1 161 females, aged from 45-115 years [(71.7±10.8)years]. Percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) or percutaneous vertebroplasty (PKP) was performed. Patients were divided into cement displacement group ( n=78) and cement non-displacement group ( n=1 460) according to the radiographic outcomes. Factors related to cement displacement were analyzed by univariate analysis, including age, gender, body mass index (BMI), preoperative bone mineral density, underlying diseases, involved vertebral segments, surgical methods, surgical approaches, cement leakage (anterior edge), viscosity of cement, dispersion ratio of cement, degree of cement interweaving, sagittal position of cement, targeted location of cement, distance from cement to upper and lower endplates and duration of brace wearing. Independent risk factors for bone cement displacement were identified by multivariate Logistic regression analysis. Results:Univariate analysis showed that bone cement displacement was significantly correlated with BMI, preoperative bone mineral density, involved vertebral segments, operation methods, cement leakage (anterior edge), viscosity of cement, dispersion ratio of cement, degree of cement interweaving, sagittal position of cement, targeted location of cement, distance from cement to upper and lower endplates and duration of brace wearing (all P<0.05), but there was no correlation with gender, age, underlying diseases or surgicales approach (all P>0.05). Multivariate Logistic analysis showed that the preoperative bone mineral density ( OR=2.45, 95% CI 1.81-7.50, P<0.01), operation methods ( OR=4.56, 95% CI 1.86-8.44, P<0.01), cement leakage (anterior edge) ( OR=5.77, 95% CI 2.85-9.20, P<0.01), viscosity of cement ( OR=7.36, 95% CI 1.01-1.77, P<0.01), dispersion ratio of cement ( OR=6.84, 95% CI 1.69-13.39, P<0.01), degree of cement interweaving ( OR=8.97, 95% CI 2.29- 14.97, P<0.01), sagittal position of cement ( OR=6.39, 95% CI 1.06-9.47, P<0.01), targeted location of cement ( OR=7.93, 95% CI 1.64-11.84, P<0.01), distance from cement to upper and lower endplates ( OR=6.78, 95% CI 1.84-6.96, P<0.01) and duration of brace wearing ( OR=9.55, 95% CI 2.26- 9.38, P<0.01) were significantly correlated with bone cement displacement after percutaneous vertebral augmentation. Conclusion:Low bone mineral density preoperatively, PKP, cement leakage into the vertebral anterior edge, low viscosity of cement, small dispersion ratio of cement, small degree of cement interweaving, cement filling in the anterior 1/3 and anterior middle 2/3 of the vertebral body in sagittal plane, non-targeted injection of cement, long distance from cement to upper and lower endplates and short duration of brace wearing are independent risk factors of cement displacement after percutaneous vertebral augmentation for OVCF.

6.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1455-1459, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927192

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To establish the met hod for the purific ation of test sample of Banxialu granules ,and to determine the contents of 4 ephedrine components such as ephedrine ,pseudoephedrine,norpseudoephedrine and methylephedrine. METHODS Three batches of Banxialu granules were extracted with methanol(containing 1%formic acid )and pretreated with QuEChERS method of N-propyl ethylenediamine adsorbent (PSA)and octadecyl bonded silica gel adsorbent (C18). Ultra high performance liquid chromatography tandem triple quadrupole mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS/MS)was adopted. The separation was performed on an Agilent XDB-C 18 column with 5 mmol/L ammonium acetate solution (containing 0.1% formic acid )-acetonitrile as mobile phase(gradient elution )at the flow rate of 0.40 mL/min. The column temperature was set at 30 ℃,and sample size was 2 μL. The electrospray ionization source was adopted ,and positive ion scanning was performed in multiple reaction monitoring mode. The ion pairs used for quantitative analysis were m/z 166.2→148.1(ephedrine,pseudoephedrine),m/z 152.2→134.1(norpseudoephedrine), m/z 180.2→162.2(methylephedrine). RESULTS The solution obtained by QuEChERS purification method was clear and nearly colorless. The linear ranges of ephedrine , pseudoephedrine, norpseudoephedrine and methylephedrine were 1.38-206.82, 1.41-212.13,1.29-19.34,1.99-59.83 ng/mL(r>0.99). The limits of detection were 0.41,0.42,0.39 and 0.60 ng/mL. The limits of quantitation were 1.38 ,1.41 ,1.29 and 1.99 ng/mL,respectively. RSDs of precision ,stability(48 h)and repeatability tests were all lower than 2%. The average recoveries were 95.75%-100.87%(RSD<2%,n=9). The contents of above 4 ephedrine components were 20.62-26.02,20.96-24.90,2.26-2.63,5.36-6.32 μg/g, respectively. CONCLUSIONS Established method is simple ,rapid,sensitive and suitable for simultaneous determination of 4 ephedrine components in Banxialu granules.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904108

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#We previously found that atorvastatin (ATV) enhanced mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) migration, by a yet unknown mechanism. CXC chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) is critical to cell migration and regulated by microRNA-146a (miR-146a). Therefore, this study aimed to assess whether ATV ameliorates MSCs migration through miR-146a/CXCR4 signaling. @*METHODS@#Expression of CXCR4 was evaluated by flow cytometry. Expression of miR-146a was examined by reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction. A transwell system was used to assess the migration ability of MSCs. Recruitment of systematically delivered MSCs to the infarcted heart was evaluated in Sprague–Dawley rats with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Mimics of miR-146a were used in vitro, and miR-146a overexpression lentivirus was used in vivo, to assess the role of miR-146a in the migration ability of MSCs. @*RESULTS@#The results showed that ATV pretreatment in vitro upregulated CXCR4 and induced MSCs migration. In addition, flow cytometry demonstrated that miR-146a mimics suppressed CXCR4, and ATV pretreatment no longer ameliorated MSCs migration because of decreased CXCR4. In the AMI model, miR-146a-overexpressing MSCs increased infarct size and fibrosis. @*CONCLUSION@#The miR-146a/CXCR4 signaling pathway contributes to MSCs migration and homing induced by ATV pretreatment. miR-146a may be a novel therapeutic target for stimulating MSCs migration to the ischemic tissue for improved repair.

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896404

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#We previously found that atorvastatin (ATV) enhanced mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) migration, by a yet unknown mechanism. CXC chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) is critical to cell migration and regulated by microRNA-146a (miR-146a). Therefore, this study aimed to assess whether ATV ameliorates MSCs migration through miR-146a/CXCR4 signaling. @*METHODS@#Expression of CXCR4 was evaluated by flow cytometry. Expression of miR-146a was examined by reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction. A transwell system was used to assess the migration ability of MSCs. Recruitment of systematically delivered MSCs to the infarcted heart was evaluated in Sprague–Dawley rats with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Mimics of miR-146a were used in vitro, and miR-146a overexpression lentivirus was used in vivo, to assess the role of miR-146a in the migration ability of MSCs. @*RESULTS@#The results showed that ATV pretreatment in vitro upregulated CXCR4 and induced MSCs migration. In addition, flow cytometry demonstrated that miR-146a mimics suppressed CXCR4, and ATV pretreatment no longer ameliorated MSCs migration because of decreased CXCR4. In the AMI model, miR-146a-overexpressing MSCs increased infarct size and fibrosis. @*CONCLUSION@#The miR-146a/CXCR4 signaling pathway contributes to MSCs migration and homing induced by ATV pretreatment. miR-146a may be a novel therapeutic target for stimulating MSCs migration to the ischemic tissue for improved repair.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886561

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To construct a hit-deficient mutant strain of S. mutans ATCC25175 and verify its cell cycle regulatory function.@*Method @# Genomic DNA was extracted from S. mutans ATCC25175 strains, and then the upstream and downstream DNA fragments of the hit gene were cloned into the pFW5 vector (spectinomycin resistant) to construct recombinant plasmids using PCR amplification. Third, employed by natural genetic transformation in S. mutans ATCC25175 strains, the linearized recombinant plasmids were transformed into their genetic competence, induced by the synthesized competence-stimulating peptide (CSP), and then, homologous recombination was utilized to produce crossover and noncrossover products. Fourth, the hit-deficient mutant strains of S. mutans ATCC25175 were screened through the spectinomycin-resistance marker and identified by the electrophoresis of PCR products and PCR Sanger sequencing. Finally, its growth rate in vegetative BHI medium was also investigated.@* Results @# The upstream (856 bp) and downstream (519 bp) DNA fragments of the hit gene from the genomic DNA materials of S. mutans ATCC25175 were cloned into two multiple cloning sites (MCS-I and MCS-II) of the pFW5 vector, respectively, and the recombinant plasmid pFW5_hit_Up_Down was constructed and identified by double-emzyme digestion and PCR Sanger sequencing. The linearized recombinant plasmids were transformed into their genetic competence, induced by the synthetic CSP, and then, homologous recombination was utilized to produce various products. The hit-deficient mutant strains of S. mutans ATCC25175 were screened through the spectinomycin resistance marker and identified by the electrophoresis of PCR products and Sanger sequencing. The growth rate of the hit-deficient mutant strains versus their parental S. mutans ATCC25175 strains was increased greatly (P<0.001).@* Conclusion@# The hit-deficient mutant strains of S. mutans ATCC25175, having heritable traits, were successfully constructed, and the encoding Hit protein is growth-phase regulated in the cell cycle.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884216

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the clinical efficacy between puncture assisted by a "TINAVI" orthopaedic robot versus freehand puncture in vertebroplaty for osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture(OVCF) of the upper thoracic vertebra.Methods:A retrospective study was conducted of the 19 patients (20 vertebral bodies) with OVCF of the upper thoracic vertebra who had been treated at Department of Spine Surgery, Honghui Hospital from January 2018 to March 2019 by robotic vertebroplasty (robot group) and of another 21 counterpart patients (21 vertebral bodies) who had been treated by conventional vertebroplasty from January 2016 to December 2017 (freehand group). Puncture was conducted by a "TINAVI" orthopaedic robot in the robotic vertebroplasty but freehand in the conventional vertebroplasty. The robot group had 5 males and 14 females, aged from 62 to 88 years; the freehand group had 6 males and 15 females, aged from 64 to 83 years. The 2 groups were compared in terms of operation time, bone cement volume, postoperative complications (cement leakage, infection and embolism), visual analogue scale (VAS), Oswestry disability index (ODI), anterior height (AH) and kyphosis angulation (KA) of the injured vertebra at day 1 and last follow-up after surgery.Results:The 2 groups were comparable because there were no significant differences between them in the preoperative general data ( P>0.05). Vertebroplasty via unilateral puncture approach was completed uneventfully in the 19 patients (20 vertebral bodies) in the robot group and in the 21 patients (21 vertebral bodies) in the freehand group. The 40 patients were followed up for 6 to 12 months (mean, 8.3 month). The operation time [(37.9±8.2) min], bone cement volume [(2.3±0.9) mL] and rate of cement leakage (10.0%, 2/20) in the robot group were all significantly less or lower than those in the freehand group [(46.2±9.4) min, (4.2±1.3) mL and 42.9% (9/21)] ( P<0.05). No infection or embolism was observed in either group. There were no significant differences between the 2 groups in VAS, ODI, AH or KA of the injured vertebra at day 1 or last follow-up after surgery ( P>0.05). Conclusion:In vertebroplaty for OVCF of the upper thoracic vertebra, compared with conventional freehand puncture, puncture assisted by a "TINAVI" orthopaedic robot can lead to satisfactory clinical efficacy because it reduces operation time, volume of bone cement injection, and thus incidence of bone cement leakage.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882592

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application of enhanced recovery around surgery (CMERAS) by integrated Traditional Chinese Medicine & western medicine in perioperative period of laparoscopic anterior resection for rectal cancer patients.Methods:100 patients with rectal cancer who were treated by laparoscopic anterior resection in Shuguang Hospital from July 2017 to July 2019 were divided into two groups with random number table method, 50 patients in each group. The control group received enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) perioperative treatment and the observation group received CMERAS perioperative treatment. Both groups were treated for 7 days. The degree of intestinal cleansing during the operation and postoperative rehabilitation quality were observed of the two groups, including the time of first exhaust, hospitalization time and the incidence of complications. Serum CRP level was detected by immunoturbidimetry, serum IL-6 level was detected by chemiluminescence immunoassay and peripheral blood CD4, CD8 and CD4/CD8 were detected by flow cytometry. Adverse reactions were recorded for the two groups.Results:There was no significant difference in the degree of intestinal cleansing between the two groups during operation ( Z=-1.140, P=0.254). The first postoperative exhaust time in the observation group (29.7 ± 4.6 h vs. 36.1 ± 3.8 h, t=7.590) was earlier than that of the control group, the hospitalization time (4.2 ± 0.5 d vs. 4.7 ± 0.6 d, t=4.379) was less than that of the control group, and the incidence of complications [8.0% (4/50) vs. 30.0% (15/50), χ2=6.498] was lower than that of the control group ( P<0.01). On the third day after the operation, serum CRP (11.84 ± 4.69 mg/L vs. 23.63 ± 5.04 mg/L, t=12.106) and IL-6 (34.31 ± 5.93 ng/L vs. 44.39 ± 8.81 ng/L, t=6.714) in the observation group were lower than those in the control group ( P<0.05). CD4 levels [(37.74 ± 7.28)% vs. (33.55 ± 5.07)%, t=-3.344], CD4/CD8 ratio (1.36 ± 0.27 vs. 1.13 ± 0.22, t=-4.920) were higher than those in the control group ( P<0.01), and CD8 levels [(28.04 ± 4.68)% vs. (30.22 ± 4.04)%, t=2.487] was lower than that of the control group ( P<0.05). There were no adverse reactions in two groups during the treatment. Conclusion:CMERAS could promote the perioperative recovery of patients with rectal cancer if treated with laparoscopic anterior resection and fewer complications would occur.

12.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 618-627, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909912

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the incidence and epidemiological characteristics of traumatic spinal cord injury in China in 2018.Methods:Multi-stage stratified cluster sampling was used to randomly select hospitals capable of treating patients with spinal cord injury from 3 regions,9 provinces and 27 cities in China to retrospectively investigate eligible patients with traumatic spinal cord injury admitted in 2018. National and regional incidence rates were calculated. The data of cause of injury,injury level,severity of injury,segment and type of fracture,complications,death and other data were collected by medical record questionnaire,and analyzed according to geographical region,age and gender.Results:Medical records of 4,134 patients were included in this study,with a male-to-female ratio of 2.99∶1. The incidence of traumatic spinal cord injury in China in 2018 was 50.484 / 1 million (95% CI 50.122-50.846). The highest incidence in the Eastern region was 53.791 / 1 million (95% CI 53.217-54.365). In the whole country,the main causes of injury were high falls (29.58%),as well as in the Western region (40.68%),while the main causes of injury in the Eastern and Central regions were traffic injuries (31.22%,30.10%). The main injury level was cervical spinal cord in the whole country (64.49%),and the proportion of cervical spinal cord injury in the Central region was the highest (74.68%),and the proportion of lumbosacral spinal cord injury in the Western region was the highest (32.30%). The highest proportion of degree of injury was incomplete quadriplegia (55.20%),and the distribution pattern was the same in each region. A total of 65.87% of the patients were complicated with fracture or dislocation,77.95% in the Western region and only 54.77% in the Central region. In the whole country,the head was the main combined injury (37.87%),as well as in the Eastern and Central regions,while the proportion of chest combined injury in the Western region was the highest (38.57%). A total of 32.90% of the patients were complicated with respiratory complications. There were 23 patients (0.56%) died in hospital,of which 17(73.91%) died of respiratory dysfunction. Conclusions:The Eastern region of China has a high incidence of traumatic spinal cord injury. Other epidemiological features include high fall as the main cause of injury cervical spinal cord injury as the main injury level,incomplete quadriplegia as the main degree of injury,head as the main combined injury,and respiratory complications as the main complication.

13.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 326-332, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909873

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy of unilateral puncture techniques in high-viscosity cement percutanueous vertebroplasty (PVP) in treatment of type I chronic symptomatic osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (CSOVCF).Methods:A retrospective case control study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 119 patients with type I CSOVCF admitted to Honghui Hospital affiliated to Xi'an Jiaotong University School of Medicine from December 2013 to December 2016. There were 42 males and 77 females, aged 58-95 years [(79.2±15.6)years]. All patients had bone mineral density of -4.5--2.5 SD [(-3.9±0.2)SD] (T score). The fractured segments included L 1-L 2 in 56 patients and L 3-L 5 in 63. All patients were treated by high-viscosity cement PVP with the unilateral puncture of transverse process and superior articular process in unilateral group ( n=60) and by the bilateral puncture approach with the Magerl method in bilaleral group ( n=59). The operation time, cement injection volume, and intraoperative fluoroscopy frequency were recorded. The visual analogue scale (VAS), Oswestry dysfunction index (ODI), anterior height ratio of injured vertebrae and Cobb angle were measured before operation, at postoperative 1 day and at the last follow-up. The adjacent vertebral fracture, cement leakage and other complications were recorded. Results:All patients were followed up for 12-48 months [(24.1±5.6)months]. The operation time in unilateral group [(21.5±6.5)minutes] was significantly shorter than that in bilateral group [(37.8±7.4)minutes] ( P<0.05). The cement injection volume in unilateral group [(4.2±0.7)ml] was less than that in bilateral group [(6.5±1.1)ml]( P<0.05). The intraoperative fluoroscopy frequency in unilateral group [(14.2±3.0)times] was less than that in bilateral group [(31.4±6.4)times] ( P<0.05). Both groups showed significant improvements in VAS, ODI, anterior height ratio of injured vertebrae and Cobb angle at postoperative 1 day and at the last follow-up compared with these before operation ( P<0.05), but there were no significant differences after operation between the two groups ( P>0.05). The incidence of adjacent vertebral fracture was 5%(3/60) in unilateral group and 8% (5/59) in bilaleral group ( P>0.05). Four patients (7%) had cement leakage in unilateral group and 11 patients (19%) in bilateral group ( P<0.05). No complications of wound infection, nerve injury or pulmonary embolism occurred. Conclusion:Compared with Magerl bilateral puncture approach, high-viscosity cement PVP with unilateral puncture of transverse process and superior articular process in treatment of type I CSOVCF has advantages of shorter operation time, less trauma, less radiation exposure and lower cement leakage rate.

14.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 250-260, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909862

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish the acute symptomatic osteoporotic thoracolumbar fracture (ASOTLF) classification system, and to examine the reliability and evaluate the effect of clinical application.Methods:A retrospective case series study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 1 293 patients with osteoporotic thoracolumbar fracture(OTLF) admitted to Honghui Hospital from January 2016 to December 2018. There were 514 males and 779 females, aged 57-90 years [(71.4±6.3)years]. The T value of bone mass density was -5.0--2.5 SD [(-3.1±-0.4)SD]. According to the clinical symptoms a and fracture morphology, OTLF was divided into 4 types, namely type I(I occult fracture), type II(compressed fracture), type III (burst fracture) and type IV(unstable fracture). The type II was subdivided into three subtypes (type IIA, IIB, IIC), and the Type III into two subtypes (type IIIA, IIIB). of all patients, 75 patients (5.8%) were with type I, 500 (38.7%) with type II A, 134 (10.4%) with type IIB, 97 (7.5%) with type IIC, 442 (34.2%) with type IIIA, 27(2.1%) with type IIIB and 18 (1.4%) with type IV. After testing the validity of the classification, different treatment methods were utilized according to the classification, including percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) for Type I, PVP after postural reduction for Type II, percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) for Type IIIA, posterior reduction and decompression, bone graft fusion and bone cement-augmented screw fixation for Type IIIB, and posterior reduction, bone graft fusion and bone cement-augmented screw fixation for Type IV. The visual analog score (VAS), Oswestry disability index (ODI), Frankel grade of spinal cord injury, local Cobb Angle, and vertebral body angle (vertebral body angle) were recorded in all patients and in each type of patients before surgery, at 1 month after surgery and at the last follow-up. The neurological function recovery and complications were also recorded.Results:The patients were followed up for 24-43 months [(29.9±5.1)months]. A total of 3 000 assessments in two rounds were conducted by three observers. The overall κ value of inter-observer credibility was 0.83, and the overall κ value of intra-observer credibility was 0.88. The VAS and ODI of all patients were (5.8±0.7)points and 72.5±6.6 before surgery, (1.8±0.6)points and 25.0±6.3 at 1 month after surgery, and (1.5±0.6)points and 19.5±6.2 at the last follow-up, respectively (all P<0.05). The Cobb angle and vertebral body angle of all patients were (13.0±9.1)° and (8.0±4.6)° before surgery, (7.9±5.2)° and (4.6±2.9)° at 1 month after surgery, and (9.1±6.0)° and (5.8±3.0)° at the last follow-up, respectively (all P<0.05). At the last follow-up, VAS, ODI, Cobb Angle and VBA of each type of patients were significantly improved compared with those before surgery (all P<0.05). The spinal cord compression symptoms were found 1 patient with type IV and 5 patients with type IIIB preoperatively. At the last follow-up, neurological function improved from grade C to grade E in 1 patient and from grade D to grade E in 5 patients ( P<0.05). The lower limb radiation pain or numbness in 3 patients with type IV and 22 patients with type III preoperatively were fully recovered after surgical treatment at the last follow-up except for three patients. Conclusions:The ASOTLF classification is established and has high consistency and reliability. The classification-oriented treatment strategy has achieved a relatively satisfactory effect, indicating that the classification has a certain guiding significance for treatment of OTLF.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879341

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the value of 3D-printed navigation template using in total hip arthroplasty(THA)for developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH).@*METHODS@#Twenty five patients with DDH underwent total hip arthroplasty from February 2016 to May 2018 were analyzed retrospectively, including 4 males and 21 females, aged from 40 to 75 years old. Among them, 5 cases were Crowe typeⅡ, 14 cases were Crowe type Ⅲ and 6 cases were Crowe type Ⅳ. Twelve cases of them underwent THA with the 3D printing navigation plate, another 13 cases underwent the same operation but without the aid of navigation templates. All patients were treated by the same operators. The operating time, intra- and post-operative hemorrhage and Harris Hip Score(HHS) at six months postoperativelywere compared, anteversion angle, abduction angle and the distance from rotation center to the ischial tuberosity connection between ipsilateral and contralateral sides were also compared.@*RESULTS@#All of the patients were followed up for 12 to 26 months. The operation time, intra- and post-operative hemorrhage and Harris score in the 3D printing group were better than those in the conventional hip replacement group(@*CONCLUSION@#The 3D-printed operation navigation template technique is an individualized, accurate and promisingtechnique for THA with DDH.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip , Female , Hip Dislocation, Congenital/surgery , Hip Prosthesis , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Printing, Three-Dimensional , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
16.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1503-1512, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869103

ABSTRACT

Objective:To propose a new grading system-the posterior ligament-bone injury classification and severity (PLICS) score for subaxial cervical spine injury, and evaluate its value in guiding the approach selection for subaxial cervical fracture and dislocation.Methods:All of 394 cases of subaxial cervical fracture and dislocation who received single anterior reduction and fixation in our hospital from January 2002 to December 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, 354 cases were finally included in this study. The Patients experienced internal fixation failure, postoperative kyphosis or interspinal process space dilation during follow-up were included into the failure group. Other patients were included into the successful group. The difference of visual analogue scale (VAS), neck disability index (NDI), ASIA score and PLICS score before and after surgery between the two groups was compared respectively. The PLICS score is composed of left, right and posterior columns. The injury of the posterior column was classified into mild, moderate and severe degrees, with 1-3 points respectively. The evaluation of lateral column injury included ligament and bone structure. The evaluation of ligament injury included: 1 point for the subluxation of the facet joint, 2 points for the dislocation or the facet joint; Fractures of the lateral column was classified into mild, moderate and severe degrees, with 1-3 points respectively. For the evaluation of the lateral column, the highest score of ligament or bone structure injury was reflected as the score of posterior column injury and was taken into the calculation of the final PLICS score.Results:All 354 patients had complete follow-up data, and the average follow-up time was 18.0±4.0 months, including 339 patients of successful group and 15 patients of failure group. At the 12 month follow-up, the average VAS score of the patients in the successful group decreased from 6.9±0.6 before the operation to 1.9±0.6 ( t=22.481, P<0.0001), and the average VAS score of the patients in the failure group decreased from 5.6±1.0 to 1.1±0.3 ( t=77.252, P<0.0001). The difference between the two groups was statistically significant. The NDI score of the successful group was significantly lower than that of the failure group (7.1%±1.2% vs 15.7%±2.7%, t=24.993, P<0.0001). PLICS score in two groups of patients were analyzed. There was a significant difference in PLICS scores between the two groups ( t=8.777, P<0.0001). According to the PLICS score, the ROC operating curve of the failure of internal fixation after anterior-only surgery was determined. The area under the curve was 0.981, and the 95% confidence interval was 0.943, 1.000. When the PLICS score was 6.5, the maximum value of the Jordan index was 0.927, the sensitivity was 0.994, and the specificity was 0.067. Considering the clinical practicality of PLICS score and the different clinical outcomes of the sub-classification groups of the PLICS score=7, we finally set the threshold as PLICS score=7 with the unilateral severe lateral mass fracture. Conclusion:The PLICS score is based on the anatomy of the posterior three-column structure of the subaxial cervical spine. It gives consideration to the bony structures, including bilateral lateral mass, spinous process, lamina, and the ligament structures. What's more, the overall damage severity of the posterior three columns of the subaxial cervical spine was quantified according to the evaluation of the injury characteristics of each column of ligament-bone structure. In this study, PLICS score and clinical efficacy were compared between two groups of patients, and it was finally determined that when PLICS score ≥7 with the unilateral severe lateral mass fracture, the risk of internal fixation failure is higher for anterior-only approach surgery alone. For these patients, anterior and posterior approach surgery may be considered.

17.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 625-634, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869014

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the risk factors of residual back pain (RBP) in patients undergone PVP within 1 month and further analyze the correlation.Methods:Between March 2013 and January 2015, 1 316 patients with OVCF were treated by PVP. RBP after PVP was defined as a visual analogue scale (VAS) score of > 4 both 1 week and 1 month post-operatively. According to the pain relief, the patients were divided into two groups, the satisfied group and the unsatisfied group. All patients were scheduled for follow-up at1 week, 1 month, 3 months, and 1 year post-operatively, during which radiography and magnetic resonance imaging (T1-weighted, T2-weighted, and short time inversion recovery (STIR) sequences) were recommended to detect the existence of secondary OVCF. VAS scores and Oswestry disability index (ODI) were recorded. Demographic data, surgical information, anesthesia method, number of OVCF, injection amount of cement of single vertebral bone, imaging data and other comorbidity informations of patients in the two groups were analyzed by Logistic regression for the factors related to RBP after PVP.Results:Among 1 316 patients, 60 cases complained RBP, and the prevalence was 4.6%. VAS score and ODI of the two groups were significantly different at 1 week, 1 month and 3 months after surgery, suggesting there was a certain degree of residual pain in the lower back of patients in the unsatisfied group, which was more severe than that in the satisfied group. However, the above differences disappeared in the follow-up of 12 months after surgery.Univariate analysesshowed that preoperative bone mineral density (BMD), number of fracture, cement distribution and volume injected per level and lumbodorsal fascia contusion were associated with RBP after PVP ( P< 0.01, retrospectively). Multivariate analysis revealed that the absolute value of pre-operative BMD(odds ratio ( OR)=3.577, P=0.029), combined withlumbodorsal fascia contusion ( OR=3.805, P=0.002), number of fracture ( OR=3.440, P<0.001), satisfactory cement distribution ( OR=3.009, P=0.013) and combined with depression ( OR=3.426, P=0.028) were positively correlated with RBP after PVP, and these were risk factors. The injection amount of cement of single vertebral bone ( OR=0.079, P<0.001) was negatively correlated with RBP after PVP, which was a protective factor. Conclusion:Pre-operative low BMD, lumbodorsal fascial injury, multiple segment OVCF, insufficient cement injected volume, unsatisfactory cement distribution and depression were risk factors associated with RBP after PVP in patients with OVCF.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867870

ABSTRACT

Due to increasing incidence of open fracture and increasing application of orthopedic implants, chronic osteomyelitis prevails in recent years, leading to failure of internal fixation, sinus tract formation, long-term abscess discharge and delayed recovery, etc., affecting prognosis and quality of life of the patients, and causing a huge medical and economic burden.The treatment of osteomyelitis has recently progressed from mere debridement to debridement + Masquelet bone reconstruction or osteotomy + llizarov bone transfer which has significantly improved the therapeutic efficacy. However, multiple surgeries, long healing time and massive surgical trauma of the current treatment cause poor compliance in the patients. Therefore, new therapeutic strategies are imperative. Various causes of chronic osteomyelitis involve autoimmunity, inflammatory factors, oxidative stress, local blood supply in osteomyelitis region, drug-resistant bacteria, bacterial virulence and bacterial biofilm which, as an important form of bacteria in the body, has a particularly significant impact on chronic osteomyelitis. Resistance to a variety of eliminating effects by bacteria is achieved mainly by biofilm, including reducing antibiotics concentration, barrier against immune clearance, improving bacterial resistance, spreading bacteria and promoting signal communication between bacteria. Aiming at the key factors and pathways for target research and intervention is the hotspot and trend in the research and treatment of osteomyelitis. Here we review the literature about the role of biofilm in chronic osteomyelitis, which is conducive for further understanding of the biofilm influence on chronic osteomyelitis and related targets, and for prevention and treatment of chronic osteomyelitis as well.

19.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 797-803, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867790

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the effect of robot navigation system (Tian Ji robot system) plus 3D printing and traditional C-arm X-ray fluoroscopy in assisting percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) or percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) for treatment of Kümmell disease.Methods:A retrospective case-control study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 40 patients with Kümmell disease treated at Honghui Hospital Affiliated to Xi'an Jiaotong University School of Medicine from December 2017 to February 2019, including 12 males and 28 females, with an average age of 56.4 years (range, 42-71 years). In observation group, 20 patients underwent PKP or PVP assisted by the robot navigation system and 3D printing. In control group, 20 patients underwent PKP or PVP assisted by the traditional C-arm X-ray fluoroscopy. The operation time and incidence of complications were observed. The visual analogue scale (VAS), Oswestry disability index (ODI), Cobb angle and anterior vertebral height were compared before operation, 1 day and 3 months after operation.Results:All patients were followed up for 3.5-8.6 months (mean, 6.7 months). The operation time in control group was (32.2±5.8)minutes, compared with (26.7±3.6)minutes in observation group ( P<0.05). The incidence of cement leakage was 0% (0/20) in the observation group and 5% (1/20) in control group ( P>0.05). One day after operation, in observation group and control group, the VAS was (2.1±0.3)points and (3.7±0.8)points, the ODI was 14.3±1.8 and 25.5±5.7, the Cobb angle was (20.6±1.2)° and (22.4±0.6)°, and the anterior height of vertebral body was (21.2±0.8)mm and (17.6±0.7)mm, respectively, showing significant improvement compared with those before operation ( P<0.01). Three months after operation, in observation group and control group, the VAS was (1.8±0.4)points and (2.8±0.8)points, the ODI was 12.3±1.5 and 21.6±2.3, the Cobb angle was (18.1±0.8) ° and (20.5±1.6)°, and the anterior height of vertebral body was (20.1±1.8)mm and (16.8±1.3)mm, showing no significant difference compared with those at day 1 after operation ( P>0.05). There were significant differences in the VAS, ODI, Cobb angle and anterior vertebral height between the two groups 1 day and 3 months after operation ( P<0.01). Conclusion:For Kümmell disease, with assistance with the robot navigation system combined with 3D printing, PKP or PVP can more effectively reduce the pain of patients, improve the quality of life, restore the anterior height of vertebral body, and realize the individualized treatment in comparison with the traditional C-arm X-ray fluoroscopy.

20.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 117-123, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867690

ABSTRACT

Since December 2019, the corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by the 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) has been reported in Wuhan, Hubei Province. Almost 70% of patients susceptible to 2019-nCoV are over age of 50 years, with extremely large proportion of critical illness and death of the elderly patients. Meanwhile, the elderly patients are at high risk of osteoporotic fractures especially osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCF). During the prevention and control of COVID-19 epidemic, the orthopedists are confronted with the following difficulties including how to screen and protect OVCF patients, how to accurately diagnose and assess the condition of suspected or confirmed COVID-19 patients, and how to develop reasonable treatment plans and comprehensive protective measures in emergency and outpatient clinics. In order to standardize the diagnosis and treatment of OVCF patients diagnosed with COVID-19, the authors jointly develop this expert consensus to systematically recommend the standardized emergency and outpatient screening and confirmation procedures for OVCF patients with suspected or confirmed COVID-19 and protective measures for emergency and outpatient clinics. Moreover, the consensus describes the grading and classification of OVCF patients diagnosed with COVID-19 according to the severity of illness and recommends different treatment plans and corresponding protective measures.

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