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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 808-815, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876533

ABSTRACT

In this study, a composite cell model for evaluation of idiosyncratic drug-induced liver injury (IDILI) was established in vitro from the perspective of immune inflammation. And this model was used to evaluate the risk of IDILI for 2,3,5,4'-tetrahydroxy-cis-stilbene-2-O-β-glucoside (Cis-SG) and 2,3,5,4'-tetrahydroxy-trans-stilbene-2-O-β-glucoside (Trans-SG). To determine the low, medium, and high dosage of Cis-SG and Trans-SG, CellTiter-Glo® 3D Cell Viability Assay was used to detect the effects of Cis-SG and Trans-SG on cell viability of HepG2 cells in three dimensional (3D) culture, and MTT assay was used to detect the effects of Cis-SG and Trans-SG on cell viability of THP-1 derived macrophages. THP-1 derived macrophages were incubated by Cis-SG and Trans-SG directly or supernatants from HepG2 cells incubated with them. Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect the levels of interleukin-1β (IL-1β) in the supernatants of the THP-1 derived macrophages. Western blot and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) were used to determine the expression of apoptosis-associated speck-like protein (ASC), Nod-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3), cysteinyl aspartate specific proteinase-1 (caspase-1), and IL-1β in THP-1 derived macrophages. The results showed that there was no effect on the secretion of IL-1β in THP-1 derived macrophages incubated by Cis-SG and Trans-SG directly. However, the secretion of IL-1β, the protein and mRNA expression of ASC, NLRP3, caspase-1, and IL-1β significantly increased in THP-1 derived macrophages incubated by supernatants from HepG2 cells incubated with 1, 5, and 25 μmol·L-1 Cis-SG or 25 μmol·L-1 Trans-SG. In summary, the composite cell model for evaluation of IDILI established in vitro has been successfully applied in testing Cis-SG and Trans-SG. This composite cell model is helpful to evaluate and screen drugs with IDILI risk in vitro preliminarily, which provides methods for predicting and solving the idiosyncratic liver toxicity of drugs.

2.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 211-214, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879726

ABSTRACT

We performed this study to evaluate the clinical outcomes of microdissection testicular sperm extraction-intracytoplasmic sperm injection (micro-TESE-ICSI) treatment that used fresh or cryopreserved sperm in patients with nonobstructive azoospermia (NOA). A total of 338 NOA patients with 344 consecutive cycles received treatment in the reproductive medicine center of Peking University Third Hospital in Beijing, China, from January 2014 to December 2017. Fresh oocytes and fresh sperm were used in 222 patients with 234 cycles (Group A). Fresh oocytes and cryopreserved sperm were used in 116 patients with 110 cycles (Group B). We compared patient characteristics, embryonic development, and pregnancy outcomes between Groups A and B. There was no statistical difference in the patient characteristics, and no differences were observed with fertilization or quality embryo rates between Groups A and B. The rates of clinical pregnancy and live birth were both higher for Group A than those for Group B (both P < 0.05). In conclusion, fresh testicular sperm appears to produce better ICSI outcomes than cryopreserved testicular sperm in patients with NOA.

3.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 59-63, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879704

ABSTRACT

The aim of our study was to compare the sperm retrieval rates (SRRs) and clinical outcomes of patients with different causes of azoospermia who underwent microdissection testicular sperm extraction-intracytoplasmic sperm injection (micro-TESE-ICSI). We conducted a retrospective study at the Reproductive Medicine Center of Peking University Third Hospital in Beijing, China, from January 2014 to December 2017. This study examined 769 patients with nonobstructive azoospermia who underwent 347 cycles of micro-TESE-ICSI. Patients with azoospermia were classified into Group A (Klinefelter syndrome, n = 284, 125 cycles), Group B (azoospermia Y chromosome factor c [AZFc] microdeletion, n = 91, 64 cycles), Group C (cryptorchidism, n = 52, 39 cycles), Group D (previous mumps and bilateral orchitis, n = 23, 23 cycles), and Group E (idiopathic azoospermia, n = 319, 96 cycles). Clinical characteristics, SRR, embryonic development, and pregnancy outcomes of the patients were compared between all groups. Patients in Group D had the highest and most successful SRR. The average SRR for all patients was 46.0%. The rates of clinical pregnancy, implantation, and live birth in Group D were 78.3%, 65.0%, and 74.0%, respectively, which were higher than those in all other groups (P 0.05). Patients with orchitis had the highest SRR and best clinical outcomes. Although AZFc microdeletion patients had a higher SRR, their clinical outcomes were worse.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879057

ABSTRACT

To systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of Tianma Gouteng Granules combined with conventional anti-hypertensive drugs in the treatment of essential hypertension. The clinical randomized controlled trials(RCTs) on the treatment of essential hypertension with Tianma Gouteng Granules combined with conventional anti-hypertensive drugs were searched in PubMed, EMbase, Cochrane Library, VIP, CNKI, Wanfang, SinoMed since the establishment of the databases to April 2020 based on inclusion and exclusion criteria, and Meta-analysis was conducted by using RevMan 5.3 software. A total of 15 RCTs were included, involving a total of 1 508 patients. Meta-analysis results showed that Tianma Gouteng Granules combined with conventional Western medicine were supe-rior to the control group in reducing systolic blood pressure(MD=-10.24, 95%CI[-13.54,-6.95], P<0.000 01), diastolic blood pressure(MD=-5.33, 95%CI[-7.21,-3.45], P<0.000 01), improving the clinical efficacy of patients(RR=1.22, 95%CI[1.15, 1.28], P<0.000 01) and curative effect of traditional Chinese medicine syndrome(RR=1.26, 95%CI[1.02, 1.57], P=0.04), increasing nitric oxide content(MD=9.59, 95%CI[7.23, 11.96], P<0.000 01), reducing endothelin-1(MD=-10.74, 95%CI[-15.74,-5.75], P<0.000 1), tumor necrosis factor(MD=-0.28, 95%CI[-0.36,-0.19], P<0.000 01), and interleukin-6(MD=-39.71, 95%CI[-43.40,-36.03], P<0.000 01). There was no statistically significant difference between the test group and the control group in the incidence of adverse reactions. No liver and kidney dysfunction occurred. The results of the subgroup analysis showed that the effect of Tianma Gouteng Granules combined with ARB drugs was more obvious in reducing the systolic and diastolic pressure. Trial sequential analysis showed that the studies accumulatively included for clinical efficacy crossed the traditional threshold and the TSA threshold, further affirming its clinical efficacy. The clinical application of Tianma Gouteng Granules combined with conventional Western medicine in the treatment of primary hypertension and accompanying symptoms has clear efficacy and certain safety, so it is recommended for clinical application.


Subject(s)
Angiotensin Receptor Antagonists , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors , Antihypertensive Agents/therapeutic use , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Essential Hypertension/drug therapy , Humans
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878339

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Cervical cancer (CC) is one of the most common malignant tumors in gynecology. This study aimed to investigate the prognostic significance of serum microRNA (miR)-378a-3p in CC and the effect of miR-378a-3p on tumor growth.@*Methods@#Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction analysis was used to measure the expression of miR-378a-3p in serum from patients with CC and healthy control subjects as well as from CC tissues and adjacent normal tissues. The association between serum miR-378a-3p levels and clinicopathological factors was analyzed. The correlation between miR-378a-3p levels and overall survival (OS) of CC patients was determined by Kaplan-Meier analysis. The CC cell proliferation and migration abilities after transfection of miR-378a-3p mimics were detected by Cell Counting Kit-8 and scratch wound healing assays, respectively. Tumor volume and weight in mice treated with miR-378a-3p were measured using a caliper and an electronic balance.@*Results@#MiR-378a-3p expression was downregulated in the serum and tissues of CC patients compared to that in healthy control subjects and normal tissues, respectively. Low expression of miR-378a-3p was positively correlated with large tumor size, advanced tumor stage, and lymph node metastasis. The OS of patients with low expression of miR-378a-3p was significantly lower than that of patients with high expression. Overexpression of miR-378a-3p suppressed the proliferation and migration of CC cells. @*Conclusion@#MiR-378a-3p downregulation is associated with the development and prognosis of CC, suggesting that it may be a potential biomarker for CC.


Subject(s)
Animals , Biomarkers/blood , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Down-Regulation , Female , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Humans , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , MicroRNAs/blood , Middle Aged , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/metabolism
6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 593-603, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873771

ABSTRACT

The therapeutic effect of tumor photodynamic therapy is severely limited by the hypoxic tumor microenvironment. Inhibiting tumor celloxygen consumption is a more effective way than increasing its oxygen supply to overcome the tumor hypoxia and enhance photodynamic therapy. To carry out this strategy, the supramolecular nanoparticles VER-ATO-SMN loaded with photosensitizer verteporfin (VER), oxygen-consuming inhibitor atovaquone (ATO), and stabilizer polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP)-K30 were prepared by the nanoprecipitation method, and the optimal prescription was screened and optimized by single factor experiments. The results showed that the optimal prescription for VER-ATO-SMN was ATO∶VER (w/w) = 1∶1, PVP-K30 = 100 mg, N,N-dimethylformamide∶water (v/v) = 1∶10. The morphology, particle size, particle dispersion index and encapsulation efficiency of supramolecular nanoparticles were characterized. The VER-ATO-SMN showed a spherical morphology and was well dispersed. The hydrodynamic size of VER-ATO-SMN was 101.21 ± 4.30 nm as determined by dynamic light scattering (DLS). The encapsulation efficiencies of VER and ATO in VER-ATO-SMN prepared with the optimal prescription were 70.86% and 77.52%, respectively. The VER-ATO-SMN exhibited good laser stability and also showed high stability in conditions which simulated the physiological solution. Compared with free VER and VER liposome, VER-ATO-SMN performed enhanced therapeutic effect at the cell level. The mechanism was that VER-ATO-SMN could effectively incorporate into cells and improving the intracellular oxygen concentration by reducing the oxygen consumption of tumor cells could increase the amount of reactive oxygen species generated by VER mediated photodynamic therapy. The in vivo anticancer efficacy results of tumor-bearing mice suggested that VER-ATO-SMN could effectively inhibit the tumor growth or even completely eliminate the tumor. All animal experiments were performed in line with national regulations and approved by the Animal Experiments Ethical Committee of 900 Hospital of the Joint Logistics Team.

7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 306-313, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872611

ABSTRACT

To improve the efficacy of 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA)-mediated photodynamic therapy (PDT), a fluorocarbon microemulsion-based gel (FMBG) loaded with both 5-ALA and carbon dioxide (CO2) was prepared in this study. Its physical and chemical properties such as particle size, zeta potential, morphology, pH value and viscosity were characterized. Acid-base titration experiment was used to determine the CO2 loading, a fluorescence derivatization method was established to determine the content of 5-ALA, and the confocal laser scanning microscope and Franz diffusion cell method were carried out to investigate its transdermal ability. Through the laser speckle contrast imaging, the CO2-affected blood flow perfusion of skin was measured. Finally, the skin irritation test was tested by hematoxylin-eosin staining (H&E) method. These results showed that the prepared FMBG was a milky white gel, with an average particle size of 202.4 nm, a zeta potential of -25.3 mV, a pH of 6.0, and a viscosity of 1 062.0 mPa·s. It can be stored stably for seven days at room temperature. The 5-ALA content of FMBG was measured to be approximately equal to 20% (w/w). At room temperature and normal pressure, the CO2 loading content of FMBG was 5.016 mg·L-1, which was 1.5 times as much as that of water. The transdermal absorption experiment and blood perfusion results showed that the FMBG can effectively enable the transdermal delivery of 5-ALA and CO2, and significantly increased the blood perfusion of skin. H&E staining results indicated that FMBG had negligible skin irritation (all animal tests were approved by the Ethics Committee of 900 Hospital of the Joint Logistics Team). In this study, a safe and stable FMBG loaded with both 5-ALA and CO2 was successfully prepared. It was suitable for transdermal application, having the potential of enhancing the efficacy of 5-ALA-mediated PDT.

8.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 584-594, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884748

ABSTRACT

Objective:Through TTC staining, immunohistochemical analysis, RT-PCR and hind limb motor function evaluation and other experimental methods, to explore the regulatory mechanism of metformin on anti-apoptosis in rats with spinal cord injury (SCI).Methods:Establish a rat spinal cord injury model. Through Basso-Beattie -Bresnahan locomotor rating scale (BBB) and cant test to evaluate the recovery of hindlimb motor function in rats. The changes of necrotic area of spinal cord tissue were compared by TTC staining. Extraction of rat spinal cord tissue, by Dot blot analysis and immunohistochemical detection of the hydroxyl of DNA methylation level. By qPCR, Western Blot detection TET2mRNA and protein expression level, and the changes in the scope of spinal cord injury were detected by inhibiting the expression of TET2. The interaction between TET2 and Foxo3a was detected by immunoblotting and immunoprecipitation. Through RT-PCR assay Foxo3a downstream related changes in the level of gene expression.Results:Compared with the SCI+NS group, the necrotic area of the spinal cord tissue was reduced after metformin treatment, and the BBB score and the incline test score were higher ( P<0.05). At the same time, we found that the levels of TET2mRNA and protein increased significantly after SCI at 24 h, and the 5-hmC level of DNA increased. The levels of TET2mRNA and protein and 5-hmC increased further after the use of metformin. After using SC-1, compared with the SCI+MET group, the level of 5-hmC decreased and the area of infarction increased. After SCI, the mRNA levels of downstream genes Bim, P27kip, Bax increased significantly. After metformin treatment, the mRNA levels of Bim and Bax were lower than those in the SCI+NS group ( P<0.05). After SCI, the 5-hmC levels of downstream genes Bim, P27kip, Bax increased significantly. After metformin treatment, the 5-hmC levels of Bim and Bax were lower than those in the SCI+NS group ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Metformin can promote the interaction between TET2 and Foxo3a, increase the 5-hmC level of the overall DNA, and inhibit the activation of related apoptosis genes, thereby improving tissue damage and nerve function recovery after spinal cord injury.

9.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 544-547,552, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884087

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the curative effect of discectomy under Quadrant expandable channel associated with annulus repair for the treatment of adolescent lumbar disc herniation (ALDH).Methods:10 ALDH patients received discectomy under Quadrant expandable channel associated with annulus repair (annulus repair group) and 12 patients received discectomy (control group) in Clinical Medical College of Yangzhou University from January 2013 to December 2017 were retrospectively collected. The length of skin incision, amount of intraoperative bleeding, operation time and duration of hospitalization were compared. The degree of pain was assessed by visual analogue scale (VAS) before operation, 24 h, 1 week and 1 year after operation, and the lumbar function was assessed by Oswestry disability index (ODI) before operation, 1 week and 1 year after operation. At the last follow-up, the curative effect was evaluated by MacNab Scale, and the recurrence of lumbar disc herniation during the follow-up was recorded.Results:There were no significant differences in the amount of intraoperative bleeding, operation time and duration of hospitalization between the two groups ( P>0.05). The skin incision length of the annulus repair group was less than that of control group ( P<0.05). The postoperative VAS score and ODI score at each follow up time point in both groups were significantly improved when compared with the preoperative ones ( P<0.05). There were no statistically significant difference between the two groups in the VAS score and ODI score 1 week postoperative and 1 year postoperative ( P>0.05). According to the MacNab criteria, there was no statistically significant difference between the two groups in the excellent and good rate (annulus repair group: 9/10, control group: 10/12; P>0.05). There was no recurrence case in the annulus repair group, but two cases of recurrence (one recovered by conservative treatment, the other needed second operation) in the control group ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Discectomy under Quadrant expandable channel associated with annulus repair can achieve early satisfied outcome, reduce surgery related trauma, pain in the early period postoperative and recurrence rate after operation in the treatment of ALDH.

10.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 155-159, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883684

ABSTRACT

Objective:To review the research progress of endemic fluorosis in China in the past decade, and to provide references for prevention and control of endemic fluorosis.Methods:Using Wanfang Data Knowledge Service Platform as the information source, research papers in the field of endemic fluorosis from 2008 to 2017 were retrieved, and the publication status, core authors, cooperation status, and research hotspots were analyzed.Results:A total of 2 068 papers were retrieved, with 297 and 298 articles published in 2009 and 2010, while 94 and 103 articles were published in 2016 and 2017, respectively. There were 8 420 authors in 2 068 articles, with an average of 4 authors per article. According to the statistics of the first authors, the number of papers published by the most productive authors was 21. There were 59 first authors who had published more than 4 papers, they had published 371 papers, accounting for 17.94% of the total number of papers. Analysis of the author's cooperation showed that the research teams with larger scale and closer cooperation were from Harbin Medical University, Guizhou Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Guizhou Medical University, Shandong Institute for Prevention and Control of Endemic Disease, Shaanxi Provincial Institute for Endemic Disease Prevention and Control, Chongqing Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Hulunbuir City Institute for Endemic Disease Prevention and Control of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, Qinghai Institute for Endemic Disease Prevention and Control. The hotspots and themes of the study focused on epidemiological investigation of endemic fluorosis, health education, pathogenesis and other related research of endemic fluorosis.Conclusion:In Chinese periodicals, the number of papers published on endemic fluorosis has been reduced, the construction of talent team needs to be strengthened, and the research hotspots and themes are changing steadily.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883547

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore and evaluate the application of flipped classroom in the integrated curriculum of pathology and pathophysiology overview.Methods:This study included in 172 students from the 8-year program of clinical medicine of Batch 2016 (observation group), and 142 students of Batch 2014 (control group). The observation group adopted traditional classroom teaching combined with flipped classroom teaching, and the control group used only traditional classroom teaching. In the observation group, the teaching contents were redesigned in the form of flipped classroom. The relevant knowledge points were provided before class. Group discussions and in-class presentations were used in the teaching. And the cultivation of students' learning autonomy, interaction and innovation were emphasized. The teaching evaluation was obtained from the questionnaire survey and final exam performance of the two groups of students. SPSS 21.0 was used for t test. Results:Students in the observation group had high satisfaction with flipped classroom which was helpful to improve students' independent learning ability, oral expression ability and innovative thinking ability. However, there was no significant difference in the final exam scores between the two groups ( P=0.306). Conclusion:Flipped classroom teaching can improve students' interest in learning and stimulate their independent learning and innovation. However, the teaching effect evaluated only by the final performance can't reflect the superiority of flipped classroom, which should be assessed by more evaluation indexes.

12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881063

ABSTRACT

Paris saponin VII (PSVII), a bioactive constituent extracted from Trillium tschonoskii Maxim., is cytotoxic to several cancer types. This study was designed to explore whether PSVII prevents non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) proliferation and to investigate its molecular target. AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) has been implicated in the activation of autophagy in distinct tissues. In cultured human NSCLC cell lines, PSVII induces autophagy by activating AMPK and inhibiting mTOR signaling. Furthermore, PSVII-induced autophagy activation was reversed by the AMPK inhibitor compound C. Computational docking analysis showed that PSVII directly interacted with the allosteric drug and metabolite site of AMPK to stabilize its activation. Microscale thermophoresis assay and drug affinity responsive target stability assay further confirmed the high affinity between PSVII and AMPK. In summary, PSVII acts as a direct AMPK activator to induce cell autophagy, which inhibits the growth of NSCLC cells. In the future, PSVII therapy should be applied to treat patients with NSCLC.

13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880635

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To screen the risk factors for predicting venous thromboembolism (VTE) risk after hip fracture in the elderly, to establish a prediction model based on these factors, and to analyze its prediction efficacy.@*METHODS@#A total of 52 hip fracture patients over 60 years old with VTE admitted to the Department of Orthopaedic Trauma, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University from March 2017 to April 2019 were selected as a thrombus group, and another 52 hip fracture patients over 60 years old without VTE were selected as a control group. The differences of hospitalization data and examination results between the 2 groups were compared. Logistic regression model was used to explore the influence of risk factors on VTE risk after hip fracture in the elderly and construct the prediction model based on these factors. The receiver operating characteristic curve was used to analyze the predictive effectiveness of model, Hosmer-lemeshow goodness of fit test was used to evaluate the fitting degree of prediction model.@*RESULTS@#Univariate analysis showed that injury-admission interval, Caprini score, WBC count, platelet count, neutrophil count, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio, platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio, monocyte-to-lymphocyte ratio, systemic immune-inflammatory index (SII), and fibrinogen in the thrombus group were higher than those in the control group (all @*CONCLUSIONS@#SII, Caprini score, and injury-admission interval are independent predictors of VTE after hip fracture in the elderly. The prediction model based on these 3 factors has a good efficacy on the prediction of VTE risk, and could provide important reference for the prevention, management, and treatment of VTE after hip fracture in the elderly.


Subject(s)
Aged , Hip Fractures/surgery , Humans , Middle Aged , ROC Curve , Retrospective Studies , Risk Assessment , Risk Factors , Venous Thromboembolism/etiology
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880566

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effectiveness of Danhong Injection () on improving microcirculatory injury after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD).@*METHODS@#A randomized controlled trial was conducted and 90 patients were enrolled. A random sequence was generated using statistical analysis software. Patients with microcirculatory injuries after PCI were randomly divided into 3 groups for treatment (30 subjects in each group): Danhong Injection group: after PCI, Danghong Injections were given with intravenous administration with 40 mL twice a day for a week; statins intensive group: after PCI, atorvastatin calcium tablets were given oral medication with 80 mg once, and then atorvastatin 40 mg daily for 1 week; the control group: after PCI, atorvastatin calcium tablets were given oral medication with 10-20 mg daily for 1 week. The index of microcirculation resistance (IMR) was used to assess microcirculatory injury during PCI. The IMR of the target vessel was reexamined after 1 week of drug treatment.@*RESULTS@#After one week's drug treatment, IMR was significantly decreased in both statins intensive group and Danhong Injection group compared with the control group (P<0.01), but no difference was found between statins intensive group and Danhong injection group (14.03 ± 2.54 vs. 16.03 ± 5.72 U, P=0.080).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The efficacy of Danhong Injection is non-inferior to statin. Early use of Danhong Injection after PCI can effectively improve coronary microcirculation injury after PCI.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880092

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To detect the level of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in bone marrow of patients with non-M3 acute leukemia (AL), and estimate its relationship with prognosis.@*METHODS@#From January 2016 to December 2019, 114 patients with AL in department of Hematology, Wuwei People's Hospital were selected as study group, and 25 healthy volunteers were enrolled as control group. The concentration of VEGF in bone marrow was detected by ELISA. The patients were divided into high and low concentration group according to the level of VEGF. The overall survival (OS) and event-free survival (EFS) were compared among different groups.@*RESULTS@#The level of VEGF in patients with AL was significantly higher than that in the control group. The median OS and EFS in the low concentration group was 34.5 and 32 months, respectively, while, in the high concentration group was 30 and 26 months, respectively. The differences between the two groups were statistically significant (P=0.010). There were significant differences in OS rate (P=0.035) and EFS rate (P=0.026) between low and high concentration group. Multivariate analysis showed that high VEGF concentration was an independent risk factor affecting OS (HR=2.619, 95%CI 1.070-6.406, P=0.035) and EFS (HR=2.221, 95%CI 1.074-4.552, P=0.031) in AL patients.@*CONCLUSION@#VEGF highly expresses in the bone marrow of patients with AL at initial diagnosis and relapse, and shows adverse effects on the prognosis.


Subject(s)
Bone Marrow , Disease-Free Survival , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Prognosis , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880077

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the regulation effect of myeloid leukemia No.1 Chinese herb medicine prescription combined with chemotherapy on Th17 cells in bone marrow fluid of AML patients, so as to provide guidance for improving AML treatment effect and patients' long-term survival.@*METHODS@#Seventy patients with AML who were hospitalized in Department of Hematology, Wuwei People's Hospital from April 2017 to August 2019 were selected and enrolled in AML group, 25 healthy volunteers were selected and enrolled in control group; then according to therapeutic regimen, AML patients were divided into 2 groups: combined therapy group (myeloid leukemia NO.1 Chinese herb medicine prescription combined with chemotherapy) and non-combined therapy group (chemotherapy alone). Flow cytometry was used to detect the ratio of CD3@*RESULTS@#The ratio of CD3@*CONCLUSION@#Th17 cells expression in bone marrow of newly diagnoses and relapsed AML patients significantly increase, and decrease significantly after treatment. Myeloid leukemia No.1 Chinese herb prescription combined with chemotherapy can significantly increase the CR rate and reduce the RL rate for AML.


Subject(s)
Bone Marrow , China , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/drug therapy , Medicine , Prescriptions , Th17 Cells , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876185

ABSTRACT

Since the outbreak of novel coronavirus pneumonia, the World Health Organization and the National Health Commission have issued multiple guidance documents.Medical facilities across the nation have actively implemented the countermeasures in response to the epidemic.However, in the real scenario of prevention and control, hospital infection remains a great concern.It is crucial to formulate measures and procedures based on standard prevention and transmission route prevention to avoid cross infection between medical workers and patients.Based on the practice, we summarize the institutional management, layout process, prevention and control of hospital infection in the emergency wards for further discussion and improvement.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-848062

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have observed the expression of formyl peptide receptor 2 in newly differentiated neurons from neural stem cells and confirmed that formyl peptide receptor 2 can promote the migration of neural stem/progenitor cells and induce them to differentiate into neurons. Formyl peptide receptor 2 ligands are present in damaged spinal cord tissues, but the binding of different ligands with FPR2 may lead to different and even opposite biological effects. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the neurite outgrowth after the binding of the ligands produced following spinal cord injury with formyl peptide receptor 2. METHODS: The fetal rat cerebral cortical neurons were extracted by enzymatic digestion. Spinal cord injury models were established in Sprague-Dawley rats, and the injured spinal cord homogenate was extracted. (1) Experiment 1: To observe the effect of the activation of formyl peptide receptor 2 on neurite outgrowth, the cells were divided into control group, formyl peptide receptor 2 blocker group (addition of WRW4), spinal cord homogenate group, spinal cord homogenate+WRW4 group. (2) Experiment 2: To observe the effect of blockade of AKT and ERK signaling pathways on neurite outgrowth after activation of formyl peptide receptor 2, the cells were divided into control group, AKT and ERK signaling pathway blocker group (addition of Ly294002+PD98059), spinal cord homogenate group, spinal cord homogenate+ Ly294002+PD98059 group. After 24 hours of culture, adherent neurons were treated with above-mentioned regimens for 7 days. Immunofluorescence staining with confocal microscope detection was used to observe the effect of spinal cord homogenate on neurite outgrowth via the activation of formyl peptide receptor 2. The cells were treated by the above-mentioned regimens for 30 minutes and phosphorylated protein levels were detected by western blot. The cells were treated with the above-mentioned regimens for 24 hours, and western blot assay was used to detect F-actin levels and observe the phosphorylation of key proteins in MAPK and PI3K/Akt pathways with the presence of formyl peptide receptor 2 specific blocker WRW4. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: WRW4 could eliminate the effects of injured spinal cord homogenates on neurite outgrowth, including neurite length, the number of primary neurites, and the number of branch points. Spinal cord homogenate increased the phosphorylation of ERK1/2 and Akt in neurons, whereas this effect could be blocked by WRW4. Ly294002 and PD98059 could also eliminate the effects of homogenates on the neurite outgrowth. Spinal cord homogenate significantly increased the expression of F-actin in neurons, but this effect was blocked by WRW4. These results suggest that spinal cord homogenates can expedite neurite outgrowth by activating formyl peptide receptor 2, which may be related to the increased phosphorylation of ERK1/2 and Akt.

19.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 649-652, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879717

ABSTRACT

This study was performed to summarize our clinical experience with testicular descent and fixation through a scrotal stria incision for the treatment of palpable cryptorchidism in children. This study included 1034 children with palpable cryptorchidism from March 2009 to March 2019. A scrotal stria incision was used to perform testicular descent and fixation. Overall, 1020 children successfully underwent surgical testicular descent and fixation through a scrotal stria incision, and 14 patients underwent conversion to inguinal incision surgery. All patients were discharged 1-2 days after the operation. During hospitalization and follow-up, 55 patients developed complications, including 10 patients with testicular retraction, 7 with poor healing of the incision, and 38 with a scrotal hematoma. No patients developed testicular atrophy, an indirect inguinal hernia, or a hydrocoele. Testicular descent and fixation through a scrotal stria incision for the treatment of palpable cryptorchidism in children is safe and feasible in well-selected cases. This method has the advantages of no scarring and a good cosmetic effect.

20.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1334-1345, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826843

ABSTRACT

Lycopene, as a high value-added terpene compound, has been widely concerned by researchers at home and abroad. Firstly, the ability of lycopene synthesis of Saccharomyces cerevisiae model strains S288c and YPH499 was analyzed and compared. The results showed that YPH499 was more suitable for lycopene synthesis as yeast chassis. Subsequently, the effects of constitutive promoters GPDpr, TEF1pr and inducible promoters GAL1pr, GAL10pr on Lycopene synthesis were compared. The results showed that when GPDpr and TEF1pr were used as promoters of crtE, crtB and crtI in lycopene synthesis pathway, the production of lycopene was 15.31 mg/L after 60 h fermentation in shaking flask. When GAL1pr and GAL10pr were used as promoters, the production was 123.89 mg/L, which was 8.09 times higher. In addition, the methylvaleric acid (MVA) pathway was further modified to overexpress the key enzyme gene of N-terminal truncation, tHMG1 (3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase). The lycopene production was 265.68 mg/L, and the yield per cell was 72.79 mg/g. The Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain designed and constructed in this study can express lycopene in high yield per cell, thus could be used in the industrial production of lycopene after further construction and optimization.


Subject(s)
Biosynthetic Pathways , Genetics , Fermentation , Industrial Microbiology , Lycopene , Metabolism , Saccharomyces cerevisiae , Genetics , Metabolism , Species Specificity
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