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1.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 260-267, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971260

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the surgical indications and perioperative clinical outcomes of pelvic exenteration (PE) for locally advanced, recurrent pelvic malignancies and complex pelvic fistulas. Methods: This was a descriptive study.The indications for performing PE were: (1) locally advanced, recurrent pelvic malignancy or complex pelvic fistula diagnosed preoperatively by imaging and pathological examination of a biopsy; (2)preoperative agreement by a multi-disciplinary team that non-surgical and conventional surgical treatment had failed and PE was required; and (3) findings on intraoperative exploration confirming this conclusion.Contraindications to this surgical procedure comprised cardiac and respiratory dysfunction, poor nutritional status,and mental state too poor to tolerate the procedure.Clinical data of 141 patients who met the above criteria, had undergone PE in the Sixth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University from January 2018 to September 2022, had complete perioperative clinical data, and had given written informed consent to the procedure were collected,and the operation,relevant perioperative variables, postoperative pathological findings (curative resection), and early postoperative complications were analyzed. Results: Of the 141 included patients, 43 (30.5%) had primary malignancies, 61 (43.3%) recurrent malignancies, 28 (19.9%) complex fistulas after radical resection of malignancies,and nine (6.4%)complex fistulas caused by benign disease. There were 79 cases (56.0%) of gastrointestinal tumors, 30 cases (21.3%) of reproductive tumors, 16 cases (11.3%) of urinary tumors, and 7 cases (5.0%) of other tumors such mesenchymal tissue tumors. Among the 104 patients with primary and recurrent malignancies, 15 patients with severe complications of pelvic perineum of advanced tumors were planned to undergo palliative PE surgery for symptom relief after preoperative assessment of multidisciplinary team; the other 89 patients were evaluated for radical PE surgery. All surgeries were successfully completed. Total PE was performed on 73 patients (51.8%),anterior PE on 22 (15.6%),and posterior PE in 46 (32.6%). The median operative time was 576 (453,679) minutes, median intraoperative blood loss 500 (200, 1 200) ml, and median hospital stay 17 (13.0,30.5)days.There were no intraoperative deaths. Of the 89 patients evaluated for radical PE surgery, the radical R0 resection was achieved in 64 (71.9%) of them, R1 resection in 23 (25.8%), and R2 resection in two (2.2%). One or more postoperative complications occurred in 85 cases (60.3%), 32 (22.7%)of which were Clavien-Dindo grade III and above.One patient (0.7%)died during the perioperative period. Conclusion: PE is a valid option for treating locally advanced or recurrent pelvic malignancies and complex pelvic fistulas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pelvic Exenteration/methods , Pelvic Neoplasms/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/surgery , Postoperative Complications
2.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 1069-1086, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982423

ABSTRACT

Cortical interneurons can be categorized into distinct populations based on multiple modalities, including molecular signatures and morpho-electrical (M/E) properties. Recently, many transcriptomic signatures based on single-cell RNA-seq have been identified in cortical interneurons. However, whether different interneuron populations defined by transcriptomic signature expressions correspond to distinct M/E subtypes is still unknown. Here, we applied the Patch-PCR approach to simultaneously obtain the M/E properties and messenger RNA (mRNA) expression of >600 interneurons in layer V of the mouse somatosensory cortex (S1). Subsequently, we identified 11 M/E subtypes, 9 neurochemical cell populations (NCs), and 20 transcriptomic cell populations (TCs) in this cortical lamina. Further analysis revealed that cells in many NCs and TCs comprised several M/E types and were difficult to clearly distinguish morpho-electrically. A similar analysis of layer V interneurons of mouse primary visual cortex (V1) and motor cortex (M1) gave results largely comparable to S1. Comparison between S1, V1, and M1 suggested that, compared to V1, S1 interneurons were morpho-electrically more similar to M1. Our study reveals the presence of substantial M/E variations in cortical interneuron populations defined by molecular expression.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Neocortex/physiology , Mice, Transgenic , Interneurons/physiology
3.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1902-1906, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004916

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To understand the knowledge of disinfection and its influencing factors among caregivers in childcare centers in Huangpu District, Shanghai, in order to provide a basis for the future development of targeted training programs and the work plan to enhance the professional level of disinfection practitioners in childcare centers.@*Methods@#A total of 423 caregivers from 62 childcare centers (including nursery schools) in Huangpu District were selected for a questionnaire about disinfection knowledge, influencing factors, and training needs in March 2023. Differences in disinfection knowledge among subjects with different characteristics were compared using χ 2 tests, and influencing factors were analyzed using a multi factor binary Logistic regression model.@*Results@#The overall knowledge rate of disinfection among caregivers was 50.12%, and those in public kindergartens, private ones, and nursery schools were 51.35%, 46.18%, and 42.57%, respectively, with statistically significant differences ( χ 2=14.25, P < 0.05 ). The caregivers in the highest level kindergartens ( OR =4.50, 95% CI =1.97-10.29), in first level ones ( OR =4.29, 95% CI = 1.98-9.33), in the institutions had clusters of outbreaks ( OR =1.87, 95% CI =1.14-3.07), in which the number of children to caregivers ratio being less than 10∶1 ( OR =21.81, 95% CI =2.55-186.59), with 6-14 years of working experience ( OR =3.51, 95% CI = 1.59 -7.75) had better knowledge of disinfection( P <0.05).@*Conclusions@#Knowledge of disinfection among caregivers of childcare institutions is low in Huangpu District, Shanghai. Training of caregivers disinfection knowledge should be strengthened for caregivers with fewer years of experience, in childcare institutions, to improve caregivers disinfection expertise and skills.

4.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2885-2893, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003280

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the efficacy and safety of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) during pregnancy and puerperium through a comparative analysis. MethodsA retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 22 patients in pregnancy and 39 patients in puerperium who received ERCP in Digestive Endoscopy Center of The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University from January 2007 to August 2022. The two groups of patients were compared in terms of baseline data, diagnosis during ERCP, interventions, laboratory results before and after ERCP, post-ERCP complications, and delivery and fetal outcomes. The independent-samples t test was used for comparison of continuous data between two groups, and the chi-square test or the Fisher’s exact test was used for comparison of categorical data between two groups. ResultsThere were no significant differences between the patients in pregnancy and those in puerperium in all baseline data (all P>0.05) except the rate of CT examination (22.73% vs 58.97%, χ2=7.44, P=0.006). During the ERCP procedure, compared with the patients in puerperium, the patients in pregnancy had a significantly lower proportion of the patients who underwent biliary stone extraction or endoscopic papillary balloon dilation (χ2=4.007 and 4.315, both P<0.05) and a significantly higher proportion of the patients who did not receive X-ray fluoroscopy (χ2=12.103, P=0.001). After ERCP, both groups had significant improvements in white blood cell count, total bilirubin, direct bilirubin, alanine aminotransferase, and aspartate aminotransferase (all P<0.05). The overall incidence rate of post-ERCP complications was 7.04% (5/71) for all patients, with post-ERCP biliary infection as the most common complication (3/71,4.23%), and there was no significant difference in the incidence rate of post-ERCP complications between the two groups (P>0.05). As for delivery and fetal outcomes, compared with the patients in puerperium, the patients in pregnancy had a significantly higher proportion of patients with early termination of pregnancy (50.00% vs 0,χ2=20.528, P<0.001) and a significantly lower proportion of patients with cesarean section (36.36% vs 76.92%, χ2=4.756, P=0.029). There were no significant differences in the incidence rates of adverse events such as abnormal fetal development and stillbirth between the two groups (P>0.05). ConclusionWith strict control of ERCP indications and timing, ERCP is effective and relatively safe in both pregnancy and puerperium and has a comparable incidence rate of post-ERCP complications to that in the general population, with relatively good delivery and fetal outcomes.

5.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 357-360, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928324

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore feasibility of closed reduction technique under monitoring of C-arm and three screws in the fixation of abduction and insertion femoral neck fracture.@*METHODS@#Seventeen patients with abduction and insertion femoral neck fracture operated from January 2014 to December 2019 were analyzed retrospectively, including 10 males and 7 females, aged from 21 to 59(42.09±7.30) years old. According to preoperative X-ray and CT data, angle of retroversion and abduction displacement of femoral head were determined. Two 2 mm diameter Kirschner wires crossed and gently knocked into the bone of the acetabular roof from outside and front of femoral head. The proximal fracture segment was fixed on the acetabulum. Under the monitoring of C-arm, lower limb (distal fracture segment) was gradually rotated inward and retracted against direction of fracture displacement, three cannulated screws were used for internal fixation after anatomical reduction of the distal fracture end and the proximal fracture end. Garden index was evaluated, postoperative complications were observed, and Harris functional score was performed.@*RESULTS@#All 17 cases of femoral neck fracture with abduction and insertion were successfully completed closed reduction and internal fixation. The operation time was 36 to 68(43.87±7.63) min and intraoperative bleeding was 15 to 50(28.36±5.93) ml. The quality of fracture reduction was evaluated by garden index during operation. There were 12 cases of anatomical reduction, 5 cases of acceptable reduction, and no cases of unsuccessful reduction were changed to open reduction. 17 cases were followed up for 3 to 41(27.5±8.4) months. There were no complications such as femoral head necrosis, fracture nonunion, hip impingement and femoral neck shortening. MR examination showed no femoral head necrosis and articular cartilage injury. Two years after operation, Harris score of hip joint was excellent in 13 cases and good in 4 cases.@*CONCLUSION@#Closed reduction and three screws internal fixation can obtain good anatomical reduction rate and therapeutic effect in the treatment of abduction and insertion femoral neck fracture.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Bone Wires , Femoral Neck Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
6.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 121-124, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934575

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the development of hypertension specialty and chronic disease management of county-level hospitals in China, for reference in improving the standardized chronic disease management level of hypertension in the counties.Methods:From September to November 2020, a questionnaire survey on 597 county-level hospitals in 24 provinces was conducted on a voluntary basis. The survey covered such areas as the setup of hypertension specialty, team building of professionals and the management regulations of chronic hypertension of the hospital. The survey data were analyzed by descriptive statistics.Results:Among the 597 county-level hospitals, 54(13.5%) hospitals had independent hypertension departments, 147(24.6%) had hypertension clinics, and 143(24.0%) hospitals had hypertension beds. 431(72.2%) hospitals had hypertension diagnosis and treatment process in outpatient clinics, 454(76.0%) hospitals had hypertension diagnosis and treatment process in wards, and 535(89.6%) hospitals had graded diagnosis and treatment process of hypertension. 473(79.2%) hospitals had established county medical alliance as the lead unit, including 167 compact medical alliances. 97.7% of the hospitals were equipped with basic hypertension risk stratification screening items, and 63.8% could carry out primary screening of secondary hypertension.Conclusions:The pattern of chronic diseases management of hypertension in county-level medical institutions has basically taken shape, but there is still room for improvement. In the future, we should focus on the construction of professional teams of hypertension, the standardized management of diagnosis and treatment of hypertension, and a smoother path of tiered medical service, so as to increase the health management level of hypertension in China.

7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 2391-2405, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929378

ABSTRACT

Drug-induced hyperglycemia/diabetes is a global issue. Some drugs induce hyperglycemia by activating the pregnane X receptor (PXR), but the mechanism is unclear. Here, we report that PXR activation induces hyperglycemia by impairing hepatic glucose metabolism due to inhibition of the hepatocyte nuclear factor 4-alpha (HNF4α)‒glucose transporter 2 (GLUT2) pathway. The PXR agonists atorvastatin and rifampicin significantly downregulated GLUT2 and HNF4α expression, and impaired glucose uptake and utilization in HepG2 cells. Overexpression of PXR downregulated GLUT2 and HNF4α expression, while silencing PXR upregulated HNF4α and GLUT2 expression. Silencing HNF4α decreased GLUT2 expression, while overexpressing HNF4α increased GLUT2 expression and glucose uptake. Silencing PXR or overexpressing HNF4α reversed the atorvastatin-induced decrease in GLUT2 expression and glucose uptake. In human primary hepatocytes, atorvastatin downregulated GLUT2 and HNF4α mRNA expression, which could be attenuated by silencing PXR. Silencing HNF4α downregulated GLUT2 mRNA expression. These findings were reproduced with mouse primary hepatocytes. Hnf4α plasmid increased Slc2a2 promoter activity. Hnf4α silencing or pregnenolone-16α-carbonitrile (PCN) suppressed the Slc2a2 promoter activity by decreasing HNF4α recruitment to the Slc2a2 promoter. Liver-specific Hnf4α deletion and PCN impaired glucose tolerance and hepatic glucose uptake, and decreased the expression of hepatic HNF4α and GLUT2. In conclusion, PXR activation impaired hepatic glucose metabolism partly by inhibiting the HNF4α‒GLUT2 pathway. These results highlight the molecular mechanisms by which PXR activators induce hyperglycemia/diabetes.

8.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1074-1081, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954691

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the patterns of antibacterial agents in Chinese children surveyed by the China multi-center monitoring network for the application of antibacterial agents in children and neonates in 2019 by using World Health Organization (WHO) Access, Watch, Reserve and Not-recommended (AWaRe) and typical anatomical/therapeutic/chemical (ATC) in this study.Methods:The cross-sectional method was adopted.A multi-center cross-sectional survey was conducted on one day from September to December 2019.The information of all inpatients taking antibiotics was uploaded to the network-based data collection system (https: //garpec-31.mobilemd.cn/login.aspx? relogin=true). This study covered 13 hospitals from 10 provinces and cities in China.All hospitalized children in the Respiratory Department, Infectious Disease Department, General Surgery Department, Pediatric Intensive Care Units, Neonatal Intensive Care Units and Neonatology joined in this survey.The clinically used antibacterial agents were classified by AWaRe and ATC, and the AWaRe and ATC distributions of antibacterial agents prescribed for Chinese children and neonates were described.Results:Of the 2 644 antibiotic prescriptions included from 13 hospitals, 2 134 (80.71%) were for children and 510 (19.29%) were for neonates.Of all antibiotic prescriptions, there were 368 (13.92%) Access antibiotics prescriptions, 1 973 (74.62%) Watch prescriptions, 60 (2.27%) Reserve prescriptions and 243 (9.19%) Not-recommended prescriptions.The top-five antibiotics prescribed for children and neonates were third-generation cephalosporins (1 056, 39.94%), macrolides (492, 18.61%), carbapenems (275, 10.40%), beta lactam-beta lactamase inhibitors (246, 9.30%), and second-generation cephalosporins (136, 5.14%). The use ratios of Access, Watch, Reserve and Not-recommended antibiotics in each center ranged from 0 to 30.00%, 36.67% to 97.20%, 0 to 17.02% and 0 to 33.33%, respectively.In 1 360 antibiotic prescriptions for children and neonates with pneumonia, there were 152 (11.18%) Access antibiotics, 1 051 (77.28%) Watch antibiotics, 37 (2.72%) Reserve antibiotics, and 120 (8.82%) Not-recommended antibiotics.The top-five antibiotics prescribed for children with pneumonia were third-generation cephalosporins (522, 38.38%), macrolides (388, 28.53%), beta lactam-beta lactamase inhibitors (141, 10.37%), carbapenems (117, 8.6%) and penicillins (49, 3.60%).Conclusions:Watch antibiotics and broad spectrum antibiotics such as third-generation cephalosporins and macrolides prone to induce resistance are the main antibacterial agents used in Chinese children and neonates with pneumonia.Broad-spectrum antibiotics may be overused in Chinese children and neonates.

9.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2139-2145, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936575

ABSTRACT

Ten compounds were isolated from the water extract of Eriocaulon buergerianum by HP20, ODS, Sephadex LH-20 and MCI Gel CHP-20 column chromatographic methods. Their structures were identified by spectroscopic and chemical approaches as 6-methoxyquercetin-3-O-(2′′′-vanilloyl)-β-D-glucopyranosyl-(1→6)-β-D-glucopyranoside (1), syringaresinol-4′-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (2), rutin (3), 1-O-feruloylglycerol (4), 1,2-benzenediol (5), vomifoliol (6), β-D-(6-O-trans-feruloyl) fructofuranosyl-α-D-O-glucopyranosied (7), dihydroferulic acid (8), guanosine (9) and quercetin-3-O-β-gentiobioside (10). The compound 1 is a new compound, the compounds 2 and 4-10 were obtained from Eriocaulon genus for the first time, and the compound 3 was isolated from this plant for the first time. Molecular docking study showed that 1 is a potential inhibitor of TNF-α. The compound 1 was evaluated for their anti-inflammatory activities in vitro, and 1 showed significant inhibitory activity against TNF-α production in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced RAW264.7 macrophage cells at the concentrations of 1, 10 and 100 μmol·L-1.

10.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 217-222, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984112

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the correlation between CT imaging features of acceleration and deceleration brain injury and injury degree.@*METHODS@#A total of 299 cases with acceleration and deceleration brain injury were collected and divided into acceleration brain injury group and deceleration brain injury group according to the injury mechanism. Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and Glasgow coma scale (GCS), combined with skull fracture, epidural hematoma (EDH), subdural hematoma (SDH) and brain contusion on the same and opposite sides of the stress point were selected as the screening indexes. χ2 test was used for primary screening, and binary logistic regression analysis was used for secondary screening. The indexes with the strongest correlation in acceleration and deceleration injury mechanism were selected.@*RESULTS@#χ2 test showed that skull fracture and EDH on the same side of the stress point; EDH, SDH and brain contusion on the opposite of the stress point; SAH, GCS were correlated with acceleration and deceleration injury (P<0.05). According to binary logistic regression analysis, the odds ratio (OR) of EDH on the same side of the stress point was 2.697, the OR of brain contusion on the opposite of the stress point was 0.043 and the OR of GCS was 0.238, suggesting there was statistically significant (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#EDH on the same side of the stress point, brain contusion on the opposite of the stress point and GCS can be used as key indicators to distinguish acceleration and deceleration injury mechanism. In addition, skull fracture on the same side of the stress point, EDH and SDH on the opposite of the stress point and SAH were relatively weak indicators in distinguishing acceleration and deceleration injury mechanism.


Subject(s)
Humans , Brain Contusion , Brain Injuries/diagnostic imaging , Hematoma, Epidural, Cranial , Hematoma, Subdural/etiology , Logistic Models , Skull Fractures/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Wounds, Nonpenetrating/diagnostic imaging
11.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 472-475, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923221

ABSTRACT

Ultrasonic bubble detection has been widely used in predicting the risk of decompression sickness and evaluating the efficiency and safety of decompression procedures. Currently, the widely used SPENCER scale is conducted by using Doppler ultrasound to monitor the bubble signal in the precordial region of subjects. KM grading system is a computerized system based on Doppler ultrasound. The grading score can be converted into SPENCER bubble grading scale score and the bubble grading is precise and suitable for the motion status. On the basis of the above two methods, the KISMAN integrated severity score, extended SPENCER bubble grading and simplified Doppler bubble grading system were established. They not only coordinated analysis of Doppler ultrasound bubble detection results with other risk factors of decompression disease, but also convenient to use computer for processing detection results. With the in-depth application of Fourier technique and empirical mode decomposition in Doppler audio bubble signal detection, methods such as three-parameter fuzzy analysis and energy operator method are playing an important role in automatic bubble analysis. Optimization of detection technology and improvement of sensitivity and accuracy of automatic analysis are important development directions in the field of decompression bubble Doppler grating technology.

12.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 6178-6184, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921775

ABSTRACT

The chemical constituents of the flower buds of Buddleja officinalis were investigated in this study. Eight compounds were isolated from the water extract of B. officinalis by column chromatography, and their structures were elucidated on the basis of physicochemical properties and spectral data. These compounds were identified as(Z)-hex-3-en-1-ol-1-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl-(1→2)-[β-D-xylcopyranosyl-(1→6)]-β-D-glucopyranoside(1), ebracteatoside B(2), jasmonic acid-11-O-β-D-glucopyranoside(3), 6-hydroxyluteolin-7-O-β-D-glucopyranoside(4), luteolin-7-O-galacturonide(5), vicenin-2(6), decaffeoylverbascoside(7), and 6-O-(E)-feruloyl-D-glucopyranoside(8). Compound 1 is a new 3-hexenol glycoside. Compounds 2, 3, and 6 were isolated from Buddleja genus for the first time, and compounds 4 and 5 were isolated from this plant for the first time.


Subject(s)
Buddleja , Cardiac Glycosides , Glycosides , Plant Extracts
13.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 406-416, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879454

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare clinical effects of different postoperative rehabilitation modes on lumbar degenerative diseases, and explore influence of rehabilitation mode and other factors on postoperative effect.@*METHODS@#From June 2013 to July 2016, totally 900 patients were admitted from nine tertiary hospitals in Beijing to perform single segment bone grafting and internal fixation due to lumbar degenerative diseases were prospectively analyzed. There were 428 males and 472 females, the age of patient over 18 years old, with an average of (51.42±12.41) years old;according to patients' subjective wishes and actual residence conditions, all patients were divided into three groups, named as observation group 1 (performed integrated rehabilitation approach and orthopedic treatment model intervention), observation group 2 (performed integrated rehabilitation approach and orthopedic treatment, classified rehabilitation model intervention), and control group(performed routine rehabilitation model intervention). Visual analogue scale(VAS), Oswestry Disability Index(ODI) and Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) were used to evaluate postoperative efficacy among three groups at 24 weeks. Possible factors affecting the postoperative efficacy including age, age grouping, gender, body mass index (BMI), BMI grouping, education level, visiting hospital, payment method of medical expenses, preoperative complications, preoperative JOA score, clinical diagnosis, surgery section, operative method, intraoperative bleeding volume, postoperative complications and rehabilitation mode were listed as independent variables, and postoperative ODI score at 24 weeks as dependent variables. Univariate analysis was used to analyze relationship between influencing factors and postoperative efficacy. Multiple linear regression was used to analyze relationship between influencing factors, rehabilitation mode and postoperative ODI score at 24 weeks, in further to find out the main reasons which affect postoperative efficacy, and to analyze impact of rehabilitation mode on postoperative efficacy.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up for 24 weeks after operation. All incisions healed at stage I with stable internal fixation. (1)Evaluation of postoperative efficacy:① There were no statistical differences in preoperative VAS and ODI among three groups(@*CONCLUSION@#Preoperative JOA score, gender, age could predict postoperative clinical effects of lumbar degenerative diseases in varying degrees treated with single level bone graft fusion and internal fixation. Different rehabilitation modes could improve clinical effects. Intergrated rehabilitation orthopedic treatment model and integrated rehabilitation approach and orthopedic treatment with classifiedrehabilitation model are superior to conventional rehabilitation model in improving patients' postoperative function and relieving pain, which is worthy of promoting in clinical.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Middle Aged , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Lumbosacral Region , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fusion , Treatment Outcome
14.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 47-52, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878697

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine the appropriate averaging strategy for pancreatic perfusion datasets to create images for routine reading of insulinoma.Methods Thirty-nine patients undergoing pancreatic perfusion CT in Peking Union Medical College Hospital and diagnosed as insulinoma by pathology were enrolled in this retrospective study.The time-density curve of abdominal aorta calculated by software dynamic angio was used to decide the timings for averaging.Five strategies,by averaging 3,5,7,9 and 11 dynamic scans in perfusion,all including peak enhancement of the abdominal aorta,were investigated in the study.The image noise,pancreas signal-to-noise ratio(SNR),lesion contrast and lesion contrast-to-noise ratio(CNR)were recorded and compared.Besides,overall image quality and insulinoma depiction were also compared.ANOVA and Friedman's test were performed.Results The image noise decreased and the SNR of pancreas increased with the increase in averaging time points(all P0.99)and were higher than that of the first group(all P<0.05).There was no significant difference in overall image quality among the 5 groups(P=0.977).Conclusions Image averaged from 5 scans showed moderate image noise,pancreas SNR and relatively high lesion contrast and lesion CNR.Therefore,it is advised to be used in image averaging to detect insulinoma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Contrast Media , Insulinoma/diagnostic imaging , Pancreas/diagnostic imaging , Pancreatic Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Perfusion , Radiographic Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted , Reading , Retrospective Studies , Signal-To-Noise Ratio
15.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 735-740, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942951

ABSTRACT

Japanese Society for Cancer of the Colon and Rectum (JSCCR) guideline 2019 recommended that lymph node dissection for advanced rectal cancer should include the lymphatic adipose tissue at the root of the inferior mesenteric vessels, but the ligation site of the inferior mesenteric artery (IMA) was not determined, and the NCCN guideline did not indicate clearly whether to retain the left colonic artery (LCA). Controversy over whether to retain LCA is no more than whether it can reduce the incidence of anastomotic complications or postoperative functional damage without affecting the patients' oncological outcome. Focusing on the above problems, this paper reviews the latest research progress. In conclusion, it is believed that the advantages of retaining LCA are supported by most studies, which can improve the blood supply of the proximal anastomosis, and technically can achieve the same range of lymph node dissection as IMA high ligation. However, whether it affects the survival of patients, reduces the incidence of anastomotic leakage, and improves the quality of life of patients, more high-quality evidence-based medical evidence is still needed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arteries , Laparoscopy , Mesenteric Artery, Inferior/surgery , Quality of Life , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery
16.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 1270-1276, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942612

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the efficacy of relocation and expansion pharyngoplasty by suspension sutures in the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS). Methods: Seventy-three patients(including 60 males and 13 females) with OSAHS admitted to the department of otorhinolaryngology of our hospital in recent two years were retrospectively analyzed. All the patients had velopharyngeal obstructionevaluated by electronic endoscopic Müller test and were divided into control group (34 cases) and observation group (39 cases). The patients in the control group were performed modified uvulopalatopharyngoplasty, while those in the observation group were performed relocation and expansion pharyngoplasty by suspension sutures.The scores of ESS, AHI and LSaO2 before and after treatment were collected and compared. Results: The total effective rate of the observation group was 94.87%, which was significantly higher than 79.41% of the control group. The AHI was lower and LSaO2 value was higher (χ2=-1. 896,-1. 968,P<0.05)in the observation group. The sleeping symptoms and quality of life of the two groups were significantly improved. The ESS score of the observation group was decreased more significantly than that of the control group after treatment, and the difference was statistically significant (χ2=-1.451,P<0.05). The incidence of foreign body sensation in pharynx of the observation group (89.74%) was higher than that of the control group (55.88%), and the postoperative bleeding and postoperative recurrence rate (0.00%, 2.56%) was lower than that of the control group (8.82%, 14.70%)with statistical significance (χ2=4.738,4.249,4.119,P<0.05).The incidence of transient nasopharyngeal reflux in both groups was low and statistically insignificant (χ2=0.629,P>0.05). Conclusions: Preoperative strict screening of indications plays an important role in the selection of palatopharyngeal surgery methods and curative effect. Relocation and expansion pharyngoplasty by suspension sutures can improve the clinical efficacy of OSAHS with better safety and less recurrence.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Palate, Soft/surgery , Pharynx/surgery , Quality of Life , Retrospective Studies , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/surgery , Sutures
17.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 912-916, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912192

ABSTRACT

To investigate the feasibility and safety of endoscopic trans-gastric cholecystolithotomy(ETGC) combined with endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) for cholecystolithiasis and choledocholithiasis. Data of patients with cholecystolithiasis and choledocholithiasis who underwent ETGC after ERCP in Zhongshan Hospital Affiliated to Fudan University from November 2018 to April 2019 were analyzed. Six patients with cholecystolithiasis and choledocholithiasis, 4 males and 2 females, were included in this study.The interval between ERCP and ETGC ranged from 1 to 77 days (median 5 days). All the 6 patients successfully completed ETGC after ERCP, with a surgical success rate of 100%. All the patients had multiple cholecystolithiasis and one patient was complicated with gallbladder polyps.The ETGC operation time was 22-100 min (median 65 min), and the length of hospital stay was 3-9 d (median 6.5 d). Two patients had dull pain in the upper abdomen and increased body temperature after surgery. Abdominal ultrasound in one patient suggested local effusion in the right upper abdomen.Both patients improved after conservative treatment.None of the patients had cholecystitis and cholangitis related symptoms such as right upper abdominal pain or fever during postoperative follow-up, and the follow-up rate was 100%with median follow-up time of 18 month.All the 6 patients underwent abdominal ultrasound examination after surgery. No recurrence occurred in 5 patients. One of the patients showed cholesterol crystals in the gallbladder wall and bile mud deposition.ETGC combined with ERCP is safe and feasible for cholecystolithiasis and choledocholithiasis.

18.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 929-937, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910675

ABSTRACT

Objective:To perform a prospective cohort study to identify individual susceptibility of glucocorticoid (GC) -associated osteonecrosis of the femoral head (GA-ONFH) and their clinical and genetic risk factors. Methods:The present prospective cohort study enrolled patients who received their first GC therapy between July 2015 and January 2018 at Zhongshan Hospital. All patients did not receive any GC treatment before enrollment. Further, they planned to start GC treatment with the dose (equivalent prednisone) of ≥30 mg/d, lasted ≥3 weeks, or pulse dose ≥200 mg/d, lasted ≥3 d. Blood samples were collected before GC treatment to evaluate bone metabolism and its released factors. Hip MRI was performed at the 1st, 3rd, 6th, 12th and 24th month to diagnose GA-ONFH. All patients were followed-up for ≥2 years. The endpoint was regarded as diagnosis of GA-ONFH or completion of 2 years follow-up. Lasso regression was performed to determine which clinical features were associated with GA-ONFH. A nested case-control sub-cohort (A, n=12) was established prospectively based on the main cohort by 1∶1 matching. Whole exome sequencing was performed to screen differential and functional candidate single nucleotide polymorphisms and insertion-deletions (SNP/InDels). Another sub-cohort (B, n=50) was constructed retrospectively in patients with GA-ONFH and non-ONFH patients received standard high dose GC treatment for more than two years. The candidate SNP/InDels were verified by Sanger sequencing based on the patients from sub-cohort B. Results:A total of 96 patients were enrolled of which 88 of them (32 males and 56 females, mean age 42.30 years) completed follow-up. Eight cases (9.1%) were diagnosed with GA-ONFH. The median time from the start of GC therapy to the diagnosis of ONFH was 53.00(34.00,13.50) days. The baseline characteristics, such as age, sex and body mass index, indicated no significant difference between the ONFH group and the non-ONFH group. The cumulative GC dose of the ONFH patients in the first month was higher than that of non-ONFH [32.74(29.55, 47.05) mg/kg vs. 24.00(21.10, 29.45) mg/kg, Z=-2.410, P=0.016]. However, there was no significant difference of patients who underwent pulse therapy (37.5% vs. 10.0%, adjusted χ 2=2.829, P=0.093). The ratio of serum apolipoprotein B/apolipoprotein A1 (ApoB/ApoA1) in patients with ONFH was higher than that in non-ONFH group before GC use [0.95(0.80, 1.50) vs. 0.70(0.60, 0.80), Z=-2.875, P=0.000]. Due to the multicollinearity, Lasso regression model was performed to reduce overfitting. All variables were included in the model. The results suggested that higher ApoB/ApoA1 ratio, lower serum β-c-terminal telopeptide (β-CTX) and higher cumulative GC dose in the first month were the top three risk factors of GA-ONFH. This model had an accuracy of 0.982 in internal validation. Seven differential candidate SNP/InDels were found by whole exome sequencing of sub-cohort A. We further verified these SNP/InDels in sub-cohort B. The patients with COLEC12 mutation (rs2305027, G1816A) were at risk of GA-ONFH ( OR=6.00, 95% CI: 1.17, 30.73). Conclusion:Higher first-month GC dose, lower serum β-CTX level before treatment, higher ApoB/ApoA1 ratio and COLEC12 mutation (rs2305027, G1816A) could increase the risk of GA-ONFH.

19.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 139-146, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826389

ABSTRACT

To prospectively evaluate the correlation between intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM)-derived parameters and CT perfusion parameters as well as the pathological grade in insulinoma. A total of 55 patients with suspected insulinoma undergoing IVIM and CT perfusion scans were prospectively enrolled. The images were post-processed to obtain IVIM parameters including apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC),diffusion (D),perfusion correlated diffusion (D*),and f,and CT perfusion parameters including blood flow (BF),blood volume (BV),and permeability (PM). The pathological specimens were stained to obtain pathological parameters including the grading,ki-67 index,and the mitotic count. The IVIM derived parameters of normal pancreas including head,body,and tail as well as that of the pancreatic insulinoma were compared. The correlation between IVIM parameters and CT perfusion parameters as well as the pathological parameters was analyzed. ADC and D values of pancreatic tail were significantly lower than those of the pancreatic head and neck (all 0.05). IVIM parameters differ at different anatomical parts of normal pancreas. IVIM parameters can distinguish normal pancreatic parenchyma from insulinoma. The ADC value is weakly correlated with BF.


Subject(s)
Humans , Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Insulinoma , Diagnostic Imaging , Motion , Pancreatic Neoplasms , Diagnostic Imaging , Reproducibility of Results , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
20.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 202-207, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817362

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To investigate the effects of metformin on malignant phenotype of pancreatic cancer BxPC- 3 cells. METHODS:Using human pancreatic cancer BxPC- 3 cells with natural deletion of Smad4 gene as reaserch objects ,CCK-8 assay and flow cytometry were used to detect the proliferation and apoptosis of BxPC- 3 cells after treated with different doses of metformin(5,10,20 mmol/L)for 24 h. The cell survival rate and apoptosis rate were calculated. Transwell assay was used to test the migration of cells after treated with different doses of metformin (10,20 mmol/L)for 24 h. The number of migrating cells was recorded. qRT-PCR and Western blotting assay were performed to determine mRNA and protein expression of E-cadherin ,Vimentin and RGC- 32 in cells. RESULTS :Compared with control group and 5 mmol/L metformin group ,survival rate of cells were decreased significantly in 10,20 mmol/L metformin groups ,while apoptosis rate was increased significantly ;the apoptosis rate in 20 mmol/L metformin group was significantly higher than 10 mmol/L metformin group (P<0.05). Compared with control group , the number of migrating cells was decreased significantly in 10,20 mmol/L metformin groups ,and the 20 mmol/L metformin group was significantly lower than 10 mmol/L metformin group (P<0.05). Relative mRNA and protein expression of E-cadherin were increased significantly in 10,20 mmol/L metformin groups ,and relative mRNA expression of E-cadherin in 20 mmol/L metformin group was significantly higher than 10 mmol/L metformin group. Relative mRNA expression of Vimentin in 10 mmol/L metformin group ,relative mRNA and protein expression of Vimentin in 20 mmol/L metformin group ,relative mRNA and protein expression of RGC- 32 in 10,20 mmol/L metformin groups were decreased significantly ;relative mRNA and protein expression of Vimentin as well as mRNA expression of RGC- 32 in 20 mmol/L metformin group were significantly lower than 10 mmol/L metformin group (P<0.05 or P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS :Metformin can inhibit the proliferation and migration of pancreatic cancer cells through smael-independent pathways in a dose- dependent manner ,and promote their apoptosis ,which is associated with the inhibition epithelial- mesenchymal transition and the expression of RGC- 32 of pancreatic cancer.

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