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1.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 874-879, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007861

ABSTRACT

Leclercia adecarboxylata is a Gram-negative bacterium belonging to the Enterobacteriaceae family. To our knowledge, this is the first report of a carbapenem-resistant L. adecarboxylata strain isolated from a healthy newborn. The L. adecarboxylata strain isolated in this study carried four plasmids that may serve as reservoirs for antibiotic resistance genes. Plasmids 2 and 4 did not harbor any antimicrobial resistance genes. Plasmid 3 is a novel plasmid containing three resistance genes. The bla IMP gene harbored in the strain was most similar to bla IMP-79 at the nucleotide level, with a similarity of 99.4% (737/741). This case highlights the importance of considering L. adecarboxylata as a potential cause of infections in children.


Subject(s)
Infant, Newborn , Child , Humans , Female , Enterobacteriaceae Infections/microbiology , Enterobacteriaceae/genetics , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Plasmids
2.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1339-1346, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013771

ABSTRACT

Aim To compare the effects of different time sequence interventions on virus infected mice by using oseltamivir (Tamiflu) as a "tool drug" in view of the current situation of the too early the administration time of antiviral in vivo experiment, so as to provide a basis for selecting a reasonable model intervention time point for antiviral drug research. Methods Balb/c mice were randomly divided into six groups. The virus infection model was established by intranasal infection with influenza virus (0.25 TCID50). Tamiflu-1 group and Tamiflu-2 group were administered orally on 1st and 4th day after exposure. The body mass, survival rate, organ index, viral load and inflammatory factor content were measured. Results Compared with the blank control group, the body weight of the mice in the model group decreased and the lung index increased significantly (P < 0.05). The expression levels of 13 inflammatory factors in model 2 group were significantly different ( P < 0.05). Compared with the model-1 group ,the lung index and spleen index of the Tamiflu-1 group decreased significantly (P < 0.05). Compared with the mode-2 group,the lung index in the Tamiflu-2 group was significantly lower (P <0.05) ,and the thy-mus index was significantly higher (P<0.05). The viral load was 0. 03 times that of the model-2 group. The expression levels of 13 inflammatory factors were significantly different (P < 0. 05). Conclusions The symptoms of the mice in Scheme 2 are more obvious and stable after exposure. After administration, the lung inflammation damage is alleviated. Considering the latency, drug intervention is in line with the drug indications when the model animals show symptoms. It will be more reasonable and accurate whether in the model evaluation or drug evaluation.

4.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 1438-1443, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009080

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To summarize the progress of clinical diagnosis and treatment of diabetic Charcot neuroarthropathy (CNO) of foot and ankle to provide reference for clinical treatment.@*METHODS@#The research literature on diabetic CNO of foot and ankle at home and abroad was widely reviewed, and the stages and classification criteria of CNO were summarized, and the treatment methods at different stages of the disease course were summarized.@*RESULTS@#CNO is a rapidly destructive disease of bone and joint caused by peripheral neuropathy, which leads to the formation of local deformities and stress ulcers due to bone and joint destruction and protective sensory loss, which eventually leads to disability and even life-threatening. At present, the modified Eichenholtz stage is a commonly used staging criteria for CNO of foot and ankle, which is divided into 4 stages by clinical and imaging manifestations. The classification mainly adopts the modified Brodsky classification, which is divided into 6 types according to the anatomical structure. The treatment of diabetic CNO of foot and ankle needs to be considered in combination with disease stage, blood glucose, comorbidities, local soft tissue conditions, degree of bone and joint destruction, and whether ulcers and infections are present. Conservative treatment is mainly used in the active phase and surgery in the stable phase.@*CONCLUSION@#The formulation of individualized and stepped treatment regimens can help improve the effectiveness of diabetic CNO of foot and ankle. However, there is still a lack of definitive clinical evidence to guide the treatment of active and stable phases, and further research is needed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ankle , Ulcer/complications , Arthropathy, Neurogenic/therapy , Ankle Joint , Diabetes Mellitus , Diabetic Foot/therapy
5.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 651-657, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982648

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the toxicokinetic parameters, absorption characteristics and pathomorphological damage in different parts of the gastrointestinal tract of rats poisoned with different doses of diquat (DQ).@*METHODS@#Ninety-six healthy male Wistar rats were randomly divided into a control group (six rats) and low (115.5 mg/kg), medium (231.0 mg/kg) and high (346.5 mg/kg) dose DQ poisoning groups (thirty rats in each dose group), and then the poisoning groups were randomly divided into 5 subgroups according to the time after exposure (15 minutes and 1, 3, 12, 36 hours; six rats in each subgroup). All rats in the exposure groups were given a single dose of DQ by gavage. Rats in the control group was given the same amount of saline by gavage. The general condition of the rats was recorded. Blood was collected from the inner canthus of the eye at 3 time points in each subgroup, and rats were sacrificed after the third blood collection to obtain gastrointestinal specimens. DQ concentrations in plasma and tissues were determined by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry (UPHLC-MS), and the toxic concentration-time curves were plotted to calculate the toxicokinetic parameters; the morphological structure of the intestine was observed under light microscopy, and the villi height and crypt depth were determined and the ratio (V/C) was calculated.@*RESULTS@#DQ was detected in the plasma of the rats in the low, medium and high dose groups 5 minutes after exposure. The time to maximum plasma concentration (Tmax) was (0.85±0.22), (0.75±0.25) and (0.25±0.00) hours, respectively. The trend of plasma DQ concentration over time was similar in the three dose groups, but the plasma DQ concentration increased again at 36 hours in the high dose group. In terms of DQ concentration in gastrointestinal tissues, the highest concentrations of DQ were found in the stomach and small intestine from 15 minutes to 1 hour and in the colon at 3 hours. By 36 hours after poisoning, the concentrations of DQ in all parts of the stomach and intestine in the low and medium dose groups had decreased to lower levels. Gastrointestinal tissue (except jejunum) DQ concentrations in the high dose group tended to increase from 12 hours. Higher doses of DQ were still detectable [gastric, duodenal, ileal and colonic DQ concentrations of 6 400.0 (1 232.5), 4 889.0 (6 070.5), 10 300.0 (3 565.0) and 1 835.0 (202.5) mg/kg respectively]. Light microscopic observation of morphological and histopathological changes in the intestine shows that acute damage to the stomach, duodenum and jejunum of rats was observed 15 minutes after each dose of DQ, pathological lesions were observed in the ileum and colon 1 hour after exposure, the most severe gastrointestinal injury occurred at 12 hours, significant reduction in villi height, significant increase in crypt depth and lowest V/C ratio in all segments of the small intestine, damage begins to diminish by 36-hour post-intoxication. At the same time, morphological and histopathological damage to the intestine of rats at all time points increased significantly with increasing doses of the toxin.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The absorption of DQ in the digestive tract is rapid, and all segments of the gastrointestinal tract may absorb DQ. The toxicokinetics of DQ-tainted rats at different times and doses have different characteristics. In terms of timing, gastrointestinal damage was seen at 15 minutes after DQ, and began to diminish at 36 hours. In terms of dose, Tmax was advanced with the increase of dose and the peak time was shorter. The damage to the digestive system of DQ is closely related to the dose and retention time of the poison exposure.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Diquat/toxicity , Gastrointestinal Diseases , Intestines , Poisons , Rats, Wistar , Toxicokinetics
6.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 538-544, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982629

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To systematically assess the efficacy of traditional Chinese therapy in the treatment of ICU-acquired weakness (ICU-AW).@*METHODS@#PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase, Web of Science, CNKI, Wanfang, VIP were retrieved by computer and were used to collect a randomized controlled trials (RCT) of traditional Chinese therapy for ICU-AW. The retrieval time was from databases establishment to December 2021. After 2 researchers independently screened the literature, extracted data and evaluated the risk of bias included in the study, and RevMan 5.4 software was used for Meta-analysis.@*RESULTS@#334 articles were selected, totally 13 clinical studies and 982 patients were included, including 562 in the trial group and 420 in the control group. Meta-analysis results showed that traditional Chinese therapy could improve clinical efficacy of ICU-AW patients [relative risk (RR) = 1.35, 95% confidence interval (95%CI) was 1.20 to 1.52, P < 0.000 01], improve the muscle strength [Medical Research Council score (MRC score); standardized mean difference (SMD) = 1.00, 95%CI was 0.67 to 1.33, P < 0.000 01], improve daily life ability [modified Barthel index score (MBI score); SMD = 1.67, 95%CI was 1.20 to 2.14, P < 0.000 01], shorten mechanical ventilation time (SMD = -1.47, 95%CI was -1.84 to -1.09, P < 0.000 01), reduce the length of intensive care unit (ICU) stay [mean difference (MD) = -3.28, 95%CI was -3.89 to -2.68, P < 0.000 01], reduce the total hospitalization time (MD = -4.71, 95%CI was -5.90 to -3.53, P < 0.000 01), reduce tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α; MD = -4.55, 95%CI was -6.39 to -2.70, P < 0.000 01) and interleukin-6 (IL-6; MD = -5.07, 95%CI was -6.36 to -3.77, P < 0.000 01). There was no obvious advantage in reducing the severity of the disease [acute physiology and chronic health evaluation II (APACHE II; SMD = -0.45, 95%CI was -0.92 to 0.03, P = 0.07).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Based on the current research, traditional Chinese therapy can improve the clinical efficacy of ICU-AW, improve muscle strength and daily life ability, shorten mechanical ventilation, the length of ICU stay and total hospitalization time, reduce TNF-α and IL-6. But traditional Chinese therapy can not reduce the overall disease severity.


Subject(s)
Humans , APACHE , East Asian People , Intensive Care Units , Interleukin-6 , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Muscle Weakness/therapy
7.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences ; (6): 223-229, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982038

ABSTRACT

Two male patients with bifid rib-basal cell nevus-jaw cyst syndrome (BCNS) were admitted to Department of Stomatology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Bengbu Medical College due to radiological findings of multiple low density shadows in the jaw. Clinical and imaging findings showed thoracic malformation, calcification of the tentorium cerebellum and falx cerebrum as well as widening of the orbital distance. Whole exon high-throughput sequencing was performed in two patients and their family members. The heterozygous mutations of c.C2541C>A(p.Y847X) and c.C1501C>T(p.Q501X) in PTCH1 gene were detected in both patients. Diagnosis of BCNS was confirmed. The heterozygous mutations of PTCH1 gene locus were also found in the mothers of the two probands. Proband 1 showed clinical manifestations of low intelligence, and heterozygous mutations of c.C2141T(p.P714L) and c.G3343A(p.V1115I) were detected in FANCD2 gene. Proband 2 had normal intelligence and no FANCD2 mutation. The fenestration decompression and curettage of jaw cyst were performed in both patients. Regular follow-up showed good bone growth at the original lesion, and no recurrence has been observed so far.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Basal Cell Nevus Syndrome/diagnosis , Mutation , Nevus , Patched-1 Receptor/genetics , Pedigree , Ribs/abnormalities
8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1164-1179, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971748

ABSTRACT

Sepsis-induced liver injury (SILI) is an important cause of septicemia deaths. BaWeiBaiDuSan (BWBDS) was extracted from a formula of Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer, Lilium brownie F. E. Brown ex Miellez var. viridulum Baker, Polygonatum sibiricum Delar. ex Redoute, Lonicera japonica Thunb., Hippophae rhamnoides Linn., Amygdalus Communis Vas, Platycodon grandiflorus (Jacq.) A. DC., and Cortex Phelloderdri. Herein, we investigated whether the BWBDS treatment could reverse SILI by the mechanism of modulating gut microbiota. BWBDS protected mice against SILI, which was associated with promoting macrophage anti-inflammatory activity and enhancing intestinal integrity. BWBDS selectively promoted the growth of Lactobacillus johnsonii (L. johnsonii) in cecal ligation and puncture treated mice. Fecal microbiota transplantation treatment indicated that gut bacteria correlated with sepsis and was required for BWBDS anti-sepsis effects. Notably, L. johnsonii significantly reduced SILI by promoting macrophage anti-inflammatory activity, increasing interleukin-10+ M2 macrophage production and enhancing intestinal integrity. Furthermore, heat inactivation L. johnsonii (HI-L. johnsonii) treatment promoted macrophage anti-inflammatory activity and alleviated SILI. Our findings revealed BWBDS and gut microbiota L. johnsonii as novel prebiotic and probiotic that may be used to treat SILI. The potential underlying mechanism was at least in part, via L. johnsonii-dependent immune regulation and interleukin-10+ M2 macrophage production.

9.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 162-169, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971119

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To screen the prognostic biomarkers of metabolic genes in patients with multiple myeloma (MM), and construct a prognostic model of metabolic genes.@*METHODS@#The histological database related to MM patients was searched. Data from MM patients and healthy controls with complete clinical information were selected for analysis.The second generation sequencing data and clinical information of bone marrow tissue of MM patients and healthy controls were collected from human protein atlas (HPA) and multiple myeloma research foundation (MMRF) databases. The gene set of metabolism-related pathways was extracted from Molecular Signatures Database (MSigDB) by Perl language. The biomarkers related to MM metabolism were screened by difference analysis, univariate Cox risk regression analysis and LASSO regression analysis, and the risk prognostic model and Nomogram were constructed. Risk curve and survival curve were used to verify the grouping effect of the model. Gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) was used to study the difference of biological pathway enrichment between high risk group and low risk group. Multivariate Cox risk regression analysis was used to verify the independent prognostic ability of risk score.@*RESULTS@#A total of 8 mRNAs which were significantly related to the survival and prognosis of MM patients were obtained (P<0.01). As molecular markers, MM patients could be divided into high-risk group and low-risk group. Survival curve and risk curve showed that the overall survival time of patients in the low-risk group was significantly better than that in the high risk group (P<0.001). GSEA results showed that signal pathways related to basic metabolism, cell differentiation and cell cycle were significantly enriched in the high-risk group, while ribosome and N polysaccharide biosynthesis signaling pathway were more enriched in the low-risk group. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that the risk score composed of the eight metabolism-related genes could be used as an independent risk factor for the prognosis of MM patients, and receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) showed that the molecular signatures of metabolism-related genes had the best predictive effect.@*CONCLUSION@#Metabolism-related pathways play an important role in the pathogenesis and prognosis of patients with MM. The clinical significance of the risk assessment model for patients with MM constructed based on eight metabolism-related core genes needs to be confirmed by further clinical studies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Cycle , Multiple Myeloma/genetics , Prognosis , Risk Factors
10.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 558-564, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986927

ABSTRACT

Objective: To retrospectively analyse the efficacy of surgerical comprehensive treatment for hypopharyngeal cancer. Methods: Four hundred and fifty-six cases of hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma treated from Jan 2014 to Dec 2019 were analyzed retrospectively, including 432 males and 24 females, aged 37-82 years old. There were 328 cases of pyriform sinus carcinoma, 88 cases of posterior pharyngeal wall carcinoma, and 40 cases of postcricoid carcinoma. According to American Joint Committe on Cancer(AJCC) 2018 criteria, 420 cases were of stage Ⅲ or Ⅳ; 325 cases were of T3 or T4 stage. Treatment methods included surgery alone in 84 cases, preoperative planned radiotherapy plus surgery in 49 cases, surgery plus adjuvant radiotherapy or concurrent chemoradiotherapy in 314 cases, and inductive chemotherapy plus surgery and adjuvant radiotherapy in 9 cases. The primary tumor resection methods included transoral laser surgery in 5 cases, partial laryngopharyngectomy in 74 cases, of them 48 cases (64.9%) presented with supracricoid hemilaryngopharyngectomy, total laryngectomy with patial pharyngectomy in 90 cases, total laryngopharyngectomy or with cervical esophagectomy in 226 cases, and total laryngopharyngectomy with total esophagectomy in 61 cases. Among 456 cases, 226 cases received reconstruction surgery with free jejunum transplantation, 61 cases with gastric pull-up, and 32 cases with pectoralis myocutaneous flaps. All patients underwent retropharyngeal lymph node dissection, and high-definition gastroscopy was performed during admission and follow-up. SPSS 24.0 software was used to analyze the data. Results: The 3-year and 5-year overall survival rates were respectively 59.8%, and 49.5%. The 3-year and 5-year disease specific survival rates were respectively 69.0% and 58.8%. Total metastasis rate of retropharyngeal lymph nodes was 12.7%. A total of 132 patients (28.9%) suffered from simultaneous and metachronous multiple primary carcinoma of the hypopharynx. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that T3-4 disease, cervical lymph node metastasis, retropharyngeal lymph node metastasis and postoperative adjuvant radiotherapy were independent factors affecting the prognosis of patients (all P<0.05). As of April 30, 2022, a total of 221 patients died during follow-up, of 109 (49.3%) with distant metastases, which were the main cause of death. Conclusions: The efficacy of comprehensive treatment for hypopharyngeal cancer can be improved by accurate preoperative evaluation, improved surgical resection, active retropharyngeal lymph node dissection and full process intervention of the second primary cancer.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Hypopharyngeal Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Lymphatic Metastasis , Retrospective Studies , Neck Dissection/methods , Head and Neck Neoplasms/surgery
11.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 759-768, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984714

ABSTRACT

Objective: Bioinformatics analysis was used to screen differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in macrophages of sepsis myocardial injury and to verify key genes. Methods: Experiment 1 (gene chip and bioinformatics analysis): The gene chip data GSE104342 of cardiac macrophages in septic mice was downloaded from Gene Expression Omnibus database. DEGs were obtained by R language analysis. DAVID online database was used to obtain gene ontology and kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes (KEGG) enrichment analysis of DEGs. STRING online database was used for protein-protein interaction network analysis of DEGs, and then key genes were screened by using Cytoscape software and molecular complex detection (MCODE) plug-ins. Experiment 2 (sepsis model construction and related protein verification): Ten male C57BL/6 mice, aged 8-14 weeks. Five mice were randomly selected as control group, and 5 mice were selected as the sepsis group by building a mice sepsis model in vivo. Echocardiography was used to detect the cardiac function. Hematoxylin-eosin staining was used to assess the cardiac morphology. TUNEL staining was used to evaluate cardiomyocyte apoptosis. Immunofluorescence staining was used to detect the expression of differentiation antigen cluster 206 (CD206),inducible nitric oxide synthases (iNOS),F4/80,suppressor of cytokine signaling 3 (Socs3) ,interleukin 1 receptor antagonist (Il1rn) and chemokine C-C motif ligand 7 (Ccl7) protein. RAW264.7 macrophages were cultured in vitro and divided into 2 groups: LPS groupstimulated by lipopolysaccharide (LPS, 1 mg/L) and blank control group treated with equal-volume phosphate buffer solution. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was used to evaluate the expression of Socs3, Il1rn and Ccl7 in vitro. Results: Experiment 1: 24 647 genes were screened in GSE104342 dataset and 177 genes (0.72%) were differential expression, including 120 up-regulated genes and 57 down-regulated genes. Gene ontology enrichment analysis showed that DEGs were mainly involved in inflammatory response, immune response, apoptosis regulation and antigen processing and presentation. KEGG signaling pathway analysis showed that DEGs in cardiac macrophages of septic mice were mainly enriched in cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction, tumor necrosis factor signaling pathway, NOD like receptor signaling pathway. Three hub genes were obtained by STRING and Cytoscape analysis, including Socs3, Il1rn and Ccl7. Experiment 2: In vivo, it was found that compared with the control group, the cardiac function of the sepsis mice decreased significantly, the myocardial cells were significantly edema, inflammatory cell infiltration, myocardial fiber rupture, some myocardial nuclei dissolved and disappeared, and the cardiomyocyte apoptosis increased, suggesting that the sepsis myocardial injury model of mice was successfully constructed. Compared with the control group, the expression of CD206 in the myocardium of septic mice was down-regulated, the expression of iNOS, F4/80, Socs3, Il1rn and Ccl7 were up-regulated. In addition, there was co-localization between Socs3, Il1rn, Ccl7 and F4/80 protein. Compared with the blank control group, the expression of Socs3, Il1rn and Ccl7 significantly upregulated after LPS intervention in vitro by RT-PCR. Conclusions: The selected key genes Socs3, Il1rn and Ccl7 were up-regulated in myocardial macrophages of septic mice. Socs3, Il1rn and Ccl7 are expected to become new targets for the diagnosis and treatment of sepsis cardiac injury.


Subject(s)
Male , Mice , Animals , Lipopolysaccharides , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Myocardium , Computational Biology , Sepsis , Macrophages , Cytokines , Gene Expression Profiling
12.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 476-480, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984678

ABSTRACT

Objective: To assess the safety and efficacy of transcatheter fenestration closure following Fontan procedure with an atrial septal occluder. Methods: This is a retrospective study. The study sample consists of all consecutive patients who underwent closure of a fenestrated Fontan baffle at Shanghai Children's Medical Center Affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine between June 2002 and December 2019. The indications of Fontan fenestration closure included that normal ventricular function, targeted drugs for pulmonary hypertension and positive inotropic drugs were not required prior the procedure; and the Fontan circuit pressure was less than 16 mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa) and no more than a 2 mmHg increase during test occlusion of the fenestration. Electrocardiogram and echocardiography were reviewed at 24 hours, 1, 3, 6 months and annually thereafter post procedure. Follow-up information including clinical events and complications related to Fontan procedure was recorded. Results: A total of 11 patients, including 6 males and 5 females, aged (8.9±3.7) years old were included. The types of Fontan were extracardiac conduits (7 cases) and intra-atrial duct (4 cases). The interval between percutaneous fenestration closure and the Fontan procedure was (5.1±2.9) years. One patient reported recurrent headache after Fontan procedure. Successful fenestration occlusion with atrial septal occluder was achieved in all patients. Compared with prior closure, Fontan circuit pressure ((12.72±1.90) mmHg vs. (12.36±1.63) mmHg, P<0.05), and aortic oxygen saturation ((95.11±3.11)% vs. (86.35±7.26)%, P<0.01) were increased. There were no procedural complications. At a median follow-up of (3.8±1.2) years, there was no residual leak and evidence of stenosis within the Fontan circuit in all patient. No complication was observed during follow-up. One patient with preoperative headache did not have recurrent headache after closure. Conclusions: If the Fontan pressure is acceptable by test occlusion during the catheterization procedure, Fontan fenestration could be occluded with the atrial septum defect device. It is a safe and effective procedure, and could be used for occlusion of Fontan fenestration with varying sizes and morphologies.


Subject(s)
Child , Male , Female , Humans , Child, Preschool , Septal Occluder Device , Retrospective Studies , Atrial Fibrillation , Cardiac Catheterization/methods , China , Fontan Procedure/methods , Treatment Outcome
13.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2620-2624, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981365

ABSTRACT

Chaihu Jia Longgu Muli Decoction was firstly recorded in Treatise on Cold Damage(ZHANG Zhong-jing, Eastern Han dynasty). According to this medical classic, it is originally used in the treatment of the Shaoyang and Yangming syndrome. Based on the modern pathophysiological mechanism, this study interpreted the classic provisions of Chaihu Jia Longgu Muli Decoction. Original records of "chest fullness" "annoyance" "shock" "difficult urination" "delirium" "heavy body and failing to turn over" all have profound pathophysiological basis, involving disorders in cardiovascular, respiratory, nervous, and mental systems. This formula is widely used, which can be applied to treat epilepsy, cerebral arteriosclerosis, cerebral infarction, and other cerebrovascular diseases, hypertension, arrhythmia, and other cardiovascular diseases, insomnia, constipation, anxiety, depression, cardiac neurosis and other acute and chronic diseases as well as diseases in psychosomatic medicine. The clinical indications include Bupleuri Radix-targeted syndrome such as fullness and discomfort in chest and hypochondrium, bitter taste mouth, dry throat, and dizziness, the insomnia, anxiety, depression, susceptibility to fright, upset, dreamfulness and other psychiatric symptoms, red tongue, thick and yellow tongue coating, and wiry hard and powerful pulse. This formula was found to be used in combination with other formulas, such as Gualou Xiebai Decoction, Wendan Decoction, Zhizhu Pills, Juzhijiang Decoction, Suanzaoren Decoction, and Banxia Baizhu Tianma Decoction.


Subject(s)
Humans , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Hypertension/drug therapy , Syndrome , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/drug therapy , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
14.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 941-950, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980944

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Although intensively studied in patients with cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), the prognostic value of diastolic blood pressure (DBP) has little been elucidated in patients with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD). This study aimed to reveal the prognostic value of DBP in AECOPD patients.@*METHODS@#Inpatients with AECOPD were prospectively enrolled from 10 medical centers in China between September 2017 and July 2021. DBP was measured on admission. The primary outcome was all-cause in-hospital mortality; invasive mechanical ventilation and intensive care unit (ICU) admission were secondary outcomes. Least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) and multivariable Cox regressions were used to identify independent prognostic factors and calculate the hazard ratio (HR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) for adverse outcomes.@*RESULTS@#Among 13,633 included patients with AECOPD, 197 (1.45%) died during their hospital stay. Multivariable Cox regression analysis showed that low DBP on admission (<70 mmHg) was associated with increased risk of in-hospital mortality (HR = 2.16, 95% CI: 1.53-3.05, Z = 4.37, P <0.01), invasive mechanical ventilation (HR = 1.65, 95% CI: 1.32-2.05, Z = 19.67, P <0.01), and ICU admission (HR = 1.45, 95% CI: 1.24-1.69, Z = 22.08, P <0.01) in the overall cohort. Similar findings were observed in subgroups with or without CVDs, except for invasive mechanical ventilation in the subgroup with CVDs. When DBP was further categorized in 5-mmHg increments from <50 mmHg to ≥100 mmHg, and 75 to <80 mmHg was taken as reference, HRs for in-hospital mortality increased almost linearly with decreased DBP in the overall cohort and subgroups of patients with CVDs; higher DBP was not associated with the risk of in-hospital mortality.@*CONCLUSION@#Low on-admission DBP, particularly <70 mmHg, was associated with an increased risk of adverse outcomes among inpatients with AECOPD, with or without CVDs, which may serve as a convenient predictor of poor prognosis in these patients.@*CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION@#Chinese Clinical Trail Registry, No. ChiCTR2100044625.


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Pressure , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/therapy , Cohort Studies , Respiration, Artificial , Inpatients , Hospital Mortality
15.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 351-356, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981696

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare clinical efficacy of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and extracorporeal shock wave in treating chronic insertional Achilles tendinopathy.@*METHODS@#From February 2019 to August 2021, 42 patients with chronic insertional Achilles tendinopathy were selected and divided into PRP group(20 patients, 28 feet) and shock wave group (22 patients, 29 feet). In PRP group, there were 12 males and 8 females, aged 47.00(28.00, 50.75) years old, and the courses of disease ranged 7.00(6.00, 7.00) months;PRP injection was performed in the Achilles tendon stop area of the affected side. In shock wave group, there were 16 males and 6 females, aged 42.00(35.75, 47.25) years old;and the courses of disease was 7.00(6.00, 8.00) months;shock wave was performed in Achilles tendon stop area of the affected side and triceps surae area. Visual analogue scale (VAS) and Victorian Institute of Sport Assessment-Achilles (VISA-A) were applied to evaluate clnical effect before treatment, 1, 3 and 6 months after treatment, and satisfaction of patients was investigated.@*RESULTS@#VAS and VISA-A score in both groups were significantly improved at 1, 3 and 6 months after treatment than before treatment (P<0.05), VAS and VISA-A score in PRP group at 6 months after treatment were significantly higher than those at 1 and 3 months after treatment, and VAS and VISA-A score in shock wave group were lower than those at 1 and 3 months after treatment (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in VAS and VISA-A score between two groups before treatment, 1 and 3 months after treatment(P>0.05), while VAS and VISA-A score in PRP group were better than those in shock wave group at 6 months after treatment(P<0.05), and the satisfaction survey in PRP group was better than that in shock wave group(P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#PRP injection has a good clinical effect on chronic insertional Achilles tendinopathy with high patient satisfaction, and medium-and long-term effect of PRP injection for the treatment of chronic insertional Achilles tendinopathy is better than that of extracorporeal divergent shock wave.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Achilles Tendon , Tendinopathy/therapy , Treatment Outcome , Exercise Therapy , Platelet-Rich Plasma
16.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 788-795, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981669

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the effectiveness of supramalleolar osteotomy (SMOT) as a therapeutic intervention for varus-type ankle arthritis, while also examining the associated risk factors that may contribute to treatment failure.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 82 patients (89 feet) diagnosed with varus-type ankle arthritis and treated with SMOT between January 2016 and December 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. The patient cohort consisted of 34 males with 38 feet and 48 females with 51 feet, with the mean age of 54.3 years (range, 43-72 years). The average body mass index was 24.43 kg/m 2 (range, 20.43-30.15 kg/m 2). The preoperative tibial anterior surface angle (TAS) ranged from 77.6° to 88.4°, with a mean of 84.4°. The modified Takakura stage was used to classify the severity of the condition, with 9 feet in stage Ⅱ, 41 feet in stage Ⅲa, and 39 feet in stage Ⅲb. Clinical functional assessment was conducted using the Maryland sore, visual analogue scale (VAS) score, and psychological and physical scores in Health Survey 12-item Short From (SF-12). Radiology evaluations include TAS, talar tilt (TT), tibiocrural angle (TC), tibial medial malleolars (TMM), tibiocrural distance (TCD), tibial lateral surface angle (TLS), and hindfoot alignment angle (HAA). The results of clinical failure, functional failure, and radiology failure were statistically analyzed, and the related risk factors were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The operation time ranged from 45 to 88 minutes, with an average of 62.2 minutes. No complication such as fractures and neurovascular injuries was found during operation. There were 7 feet of poor healing of the medial incision; 9 pin tract infections occurred in 6 feet using external fixator; there were 20 cases of allograft and 3 cases of autograft with radiographic bone resorption. Except for 1 foot of severe infection treated with bone cement, the remaining 88 feet were primary healing, and the healing area was more than 80%. All patients were followed up 24-82 months, with an average of 50.2 months. Maryland score, VAS score, SF-12 psychological and physiological scores, and TAS, TC, TLS, TCD, TT, TMM, HAA, and Takakura stage were significantly improved at last follow-up ( P<0.05). Postoperative clinical failure occurred in 13 feet, functional failure in 15 feet, and radiology failure in 23 feet. Univariate analysis showed that obesity, TT>10°, and Takakura stage Ⅲb were risk factors for clinical failure, HAA≥15° and Takakura stage Ⅲb were risk factors for functional failure, and TT>10° was risk factor for radiographic failure ( P<0.05). Further logistic regression analysis showed that TT>10°, HAA≥15°, and TT>10° were risk factors for clinical failure, functional failure, and radiographic failure, respectively ( P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#SMOT is effective in the mid- and long-term in the treatment of varus-type ankle arthritis, but it should be used with caution in patients with obesity, severe hindfoot varus, severe talus tilt, and preoperative Takakura stage Ⅲb.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Ankle , Ankle Joint/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Osteoarthritis/surgery , Osteotomy/methods , Risk Factors
17.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 601-604, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981639

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effectiveness of folded transverse superficial epigastric artery perforator flap in repairing the large penetrating defect after buccal carcinoma resection.@*METHODS@#Between January 2019 and June 2021, 12 patients with buccal squamous cell carcinoma were treated. There were 6 males and 6 females with an average of 66.9 years (range, 53-79 years). The pathological stage was T3a-T4b, and the preoperative mouth opening was (3.08±0.46) cm. The disease duration ranged from 6 to 24 months, with an average of 15 months. After buccal carcinoma radical resection and neck lymph node dissection, the penetrating defects in size of 8 cm×6 cm to 16 cm×8 cm and in depth of 0.5-1.5 cm were remained. The transverse superficial epigastric artery perforator flap in size of 8 cm×6 cm to 14 cm×8 cm were harvested and folded to repair the penetrating defects. The donor site was sutured directly.@*RESULTS@#All 12 skin flaps survived after operation, and the wounds healed by first intention. No internal or external fistula complications occurred. All incisions at the recipient site healed by first intention. All patients were followed up 12-18 months (mean, 14 months). There was no obvious abnormality in the color and texture of the flap, the oral and facial appearances were symmetrical, and there was no obvious swelling in the cheek. At last follow-up, the patient's mouth opening was (2.89±0.33) cm, which was not significantly different from that before operation ( t=1.879, P=0.087). The subjective satisfaction scores of 12 patients were 6-8 points, with an average of 7.3 points. Significant scars remained at the donor site but concealed in location.@*CONCLUSION@#The folded transverse superficial epigastric artery perforator flap can be used as a surgical method for repairing large penetrating defects after the buccal carcinoma resection, with a good recovery of facial appearance and oral function.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Perforator Flap/blood supply , Skin Transplantation/methods , Epigastric Arteries/surgery , Soft Tissue Injuries/surgery , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/surgery , Treatment Outcome
18.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 323-327, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992714

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of "accordion" technique on promoting bony union at the docking site in the treatment of tibial bone defects by bone transport.Methods:A retrospective study was conducted to analyze the data of 11 patients with tibial bone infection who had been admitted to Department of Orthopedics, The Second Hospital of Shanxi Medical University from November 2017 to February 2019. There were 10 males and 1 female with an age of (47.0±9.7) years. Seven patients were infected after internal/external fixation for open fractures and 4 cases after internal fixation for closed fractures. After surgical debridement, sensitive antibiotic bone cement was implanted, and dead or infected bone segments were radically resected. In all patients, the resulting bone defects of (6.6±2.9) cm were fixated by an Ilizarov ring external fixator and filled by bone transport. The "accordion" technique was used after the bone segments touched the docking site. The closure time, "accordion" time, bony union time and complications during bone transport were recorded.Results:None of the patients underwent bone grafting. This case series was followed up for (2.7±0.5) years. The closure time was (30.8±6.8) weeks, the "accordion" time (43.1±8.4) days, and the bony union time (31.6±9.0) weeks. None of the patients had obvious pain. Ankle stiffness was observed in 3 patients and traumatic equinus deformity in 1 patient.Conclusions:The "accordion" technique based on the Illizarov technique can accelerate mineralization of the bone segments transported, promote the bony union at the docking site, and effectively solve the problem of tibial bone defects without surgical bone grafting.

19.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 657-662, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990687

ABSTRACT

Pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) is a major operation of abdominal surgery, with high risk, complex operation, more complications and high mortality. Pancreatic fistula is the main cause of death after PD. Due to its complexity and obstinacy, pancreatic fistula has become the top challenge of pancreatic surgery. The authors review the relevant literature and summarize the prevention and management of pancreatic fistula after PD, such as the optimization strategies for pancreatic anastomosis, the use of external stents, prophylactic drains in surgical field, the applica-tion of somatostatin and its analogues, and whole-course nutrition management, based on the precise and comprehensive opinion, in order to provide reference for improving the prevention and treatment of pancreatic fistula after PD.

20.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 631-635, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990683

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the treatment and prognosis of patients of G3 non-functional pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (pNETs) with proliferation index of Ki-67 <55%.Methods:The retrospective and descriptive study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 15 G3 non-functional pNETs patients with proliferation index of Ki-67<55% who were admitted to Zhongshan Hospital of Fudan University from April 2014 to April 2020 were collected. There were 11 males and 4 females, aged (58±10)years. All patients underwent radical resection of the primary lesion. Obser-vation indicators: (1) treatment; (2) postoperative pathological characteristics; (3) follow-up. Measure-ment data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, and measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M( Q1, Q3) or M(range). Count data were described as absolute numbers. The Pearson correlation analysis was used to verify the correlation between variables. Kaplan-Meier method was used to draw survival curve and calculate survival rate. Log-Rank test was used for survival analysis. Results:(1) Treatment. All 15 G3 nonfunctional pNETs patients underwent radical resection of the primary lesion of pancreas, including 5 cases receiving pancreati-coduodenectomy, 10 cases receiving distal pancreatectomy with splenectomy. There were 5 patients with simultaneous liver oligometastasis who underwent combined segmental (lobectomy) hepatectomy. All 15 patients had negative tumor margin, and the operation time and volume of intraoperative blood loss of 15 patients was 120(90,210)minutes and 200(50,300)mL, respectively. None of patient had complications ≥Ⅲ grade of the Clavien-Dindo classification during the postoperative 30 days. Of the 15 patients, there were 5 cases receiving comprehensive treatment based on CAPTEM chemo-therapy (temozolomide combined with capecitabine), 2 cases receiving local interventional therapy, 2 cases receiving CAPTEM chemotherapy, 1 case receiving local interventional therapy combined with molecular targeted therapy, 1 case receiving local interventional therapy combined with long acting somatostatin therapy, 1 cases receiving long acting somatostatin therapy combined with molecular targeted therapy, and 3 cases without postoperative treatment. (2) Postoperative patholo-gical characteristics. The tumor diameter of 15 patients was 3.3(range, 0.5-6.0)cm. There were 2 cases with tumor diameter <2 cm, 13 cases with tumor diameter ≥2 cm. The number of lymph nodes dissected and number of lymph nodes metastatic was 6(4, 10) and 2(1,3) in 15 patients, respectively, including 12 cases with positive lymph node metastasis. Of the 15 patients, there were 5 cases with tumor invasion of adjacent organ, 5 cases with simultaneous liver metastasis, 8 cases with perineural invasion and 8 cases with vascular invasion. There were 3, 7, and 5 patients with stage Ⅱ, stage Ⅲ, and stage Ⅳ of pathological TNM staging, respectively. The proliferation index of Ki-67 and mitotic count was 32%±9% and (11±9)/10 high power field in the primary lesion of 15 patients, respectively, and there was no correlation between proliferation index of Ki-67 and mitotic count ( P>0.05). (3) Follow-up. All 15 patients were followed up after surgery for (55±24)months. The median survival time of 15 patients was 78(range, 43-113)months, with 1-, 3-, 5-year overall survival rate as 100%, 92%, 62%, respectively. During the follow up, 9 of the 15 patients underwent tumor recurrence, with the recurrence time as 20(14, 44)months. There were 8 patients died of tumor recurrence or metastasis. The median survival time was 86(range, 51-120)months in 5 patients receiving comprehensive treatment based on CAPTEM chemotherapy, versus 53(range, 45-60)months in 10 patients receiving other postoperative adjuvant therapy or without postoperative treatment, showing a significant difference between them ( χ2=4.21, P<0.05). Conclusion:The prognosis of patients of G3 nonfunctional pNETs with proliferation index of Ki-67<55% undergoing radical resection combined with postoperative comprehensive treatment based on CAPTEM chemotherapy in better than that of patients receiving other postoperative adjuvant therapy or without posto-perative treatment.

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